Republic of the Philippines

City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

1

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
“Equipping schools with technology is no longer a luxury, it is a necessity. It
is a central component of preparing students for the 21st century. “
In the progression of computers in 1950’s up to the present time,
technology had been continuously developing in the past decades, and had
played many roles in the lives of people. Computer knowledge has now evolved
from a fad to an absolute necessity in the real world. The former Department of
Education Secretary Armin Luistro stated that “It’s not enough that we merely
continue building classrooms and utilities. The real revolution in education which
has long-term effects can only be done through technology.” On the 26 th Annual
Convention of the Philippine Association for Teachers Education, Representative
Egmidio S. Tanjuatco Jr. stated that the youth will most likely depend on the
educators for the knowledge, expertise, and skills that will constitute to globally
competitive Filipinos. In today’s educational setting, teachers must be prepared to
facilitate and guide the use of these tools, and today’s workplace demands
expertise in these various technologies in order to compete in a 21st century
workplace (MacArthur Foundation, 2008).

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
2

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

The Philippines along with other developing countries in Asia, Africa, and
South America are generally interested in educational technology, particularly in
the use of computers, hoping that their educational systems reap the pedagogical
benefits associated with it. The 1987 Philippine Constitution, Article XIV, Section
1, provides that the State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to
quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such
education accessible to all. This study puts into implementation the basic law of
the land, thus that the State shall "establish, maintain, and support a complete,
adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the people and society."
(Sec. 2 [I], Art XIV, 1987 Constitution). Whereas, in this era of advanced science,
more and more countries rely on the usefulness of computer technology in their
respective developmental pursuits. Considering these changing times towards the
advancement of science and technology, there is an imperative need for us to
meet and adapt to these demands. With the Local Government Code of 1991, a
large portion of the functions of the national government such as education was
transferred to the local government; and local colleges and universities were
established and are being run by the local government units. They can develop
computer-based administrative systems for local governance operation in their
respective colleges and universities. It is therefore worth knowing how technology,

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
3

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

through the integration of educational technology helps in making the teachinglearning more self-reliant, empowered, and participatory in Taguig City University.
This study prompted the researchers to deeply analyze the extent of
integration of Educational Technology in Taguig City University that will bolster the
university in promoting quality education which the university offers through
instruction, utilization and mastery. The Researchers believed that the quality
education must be provided by the government to all citizens, and must likewise
put in place a system of education geared towards a path that leads to more
valuable and meaningful services through interoperability and maximization of
resources. There should be proper use of information and communication
technology in school administrations combined with an organizational change and
new skills in order to improve the teaching-learning process. Whereas, in this era
of 21st century, more and more countries rely on the usefulness of educational
technology in their respective developmental pursuit. Considering these changing
times, there is an imperative need for us to cope with the advancement in the 21 st
century learning, for a lifelong professional preparedness and development of
students, as well as the teachers.

Another interesting invention of the 1940's was hypertext.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. based on the idea that people can learn contents trough aural and visual reception.. this study identified the Integration of Educational Technology by the studentteachers of CED in terms of instruction. Santos Avenue. this study focused on the Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the studentteachers of the College of Education (CED) in Taguig City University. paintings on cave walls. presentation-based technology. exists in many forms. utilization and mastery. First large scale usage of new technologies can be traced to US WWII training of soldiers through training films and other mediated materials. Therefore.Specifically. Educational technology in a way could be traced back to the emergence of very early tools. but only few research studies were found that take a holistic viewpoint of the status in the educational institutions.g. most existing literatures focus into the application and effectiveness of Educational Technology in the local and foreign scenes. Bush's memex.e. streaming audio and video.g. The 1980's and 1990's produced a variety of schools that can be put under the umbrella of the label Computer-based learning (CBL). Today. e. Frequently based on .. PowerPoint presentations + voiceover. Central Bicutan. V. i. e.. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 4 Background of the Study In terms of prior research of Educational Technology.

The 2000's emergence of multiple mobile and ubiquitous technologies gave a new impulse to situated learning theories favoring learning-in- context scenarios.g. Some literature uses the concept of integrated learning to describe blended learning scenarios that integrate both school and authentic (e.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. a consolidation of rapid elearning in business. With the eruption of the “internet” in the mid 90’s.. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. a return of a type of simulations through serious gaming and a technical trend towards delivery with HTML5 (as opposed to proprietary solutions). and how does it affects the teaching and learning process in the 21st century. these environments focused on teaching both abstract and domain-specific problem solving. The 2010's include MOOCs. Researchers also found out . The researchers thought of the concept on why educational technology was commonly used by the teachers now a days. communication and multimedia have dominated the role of technology in the classroom for the past few years. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 5 constructivist and cognitivist learning theories. Preferred technologies were micro-worlds (computer environments were learners could explore and build). workplace) settings. simulations (computer environments where learner can play with parameters of dynamic systems) and hypertext.

(2007) which describes how students can better understand new material being presented by incorporating technology into their note-taking processes. Santos Avenue. et al. The researchers also considered the Cognitive learning theory of Pitler. particularly if it is done in large-group and then small-group or individual settings. Theoretical Framework This study was founded on two theoretical anchors such as Instructional Theory and Cognitive Learning Theory. hardware.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. students using word-processing software such as Microsoft Word to track changes made on a particular written passage to be better able to summarize the material. This type of technological use. For instance. can help students better understand the more meaningful portions of a text and develop the skill to edit down material for easier recall in the future. These systems will also offers explicit guidance on how to better help people learn and develop. This study was based on the Instructional Theory of Bloom (1956) which states that there are systems used in the process of improving human ability such as software. TaguigCity 6 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION how effective the schools in governing their faculties by means of strengthening their instructional innovation through the use of technology. and Internet applications. .

Santos Avenue. OUTPUT  Proposed Innovations in instruction.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 7 Conceptual Framework The issues to be addressed were relative to modern and global technological needs of the students and teachers that should include Integration of Educational Technology. which was the core of this study. INPUT Profile of the group respondents in terms of:  Age  Gender  Course  Cooperating School  Academic rank  Length of service Extent of Integration of Educational Technology in terms of:  Instruction  Utilization  Mastery PROCESS  Data gathering through survey questionnaire. utilization and mastery of integration of Educational Technology by the grouped respondents.  Statistical data using mean. oneway Anova and paired sample Ttest. Central Bicutan. .  Described analysis in the instruction.

2 Faculty 1. . Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. Statement of the Problem This study assessed the extent of Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 8 This study focused on the relationship between the grouped respondents in terms of profile and extent of integration in instruction.2 course.1.2. The aforementioned variables assumed to affect in the proposed instructional innovation in Taguig City University. the researchers sought to answer the following: 1.1. 1.2 gender. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.2. based on the perceptions of the student-teachers and faculty of the respondent school.1 age.1.1 Student-Teacher 1.3 cooperating school? 1. 1. Specifically. and mastery.teacher in the CED at TCU as basis for instructional innovation. utilization.1 gender. and 1.

3 mastery? 3. and 2. Central Bicutan. and 1. .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.2. 2. There is no significant difference between the assessment of the respondents and their profile variables.3 academic rank. Is there a significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teacher and faculty? 5. Santos Avenue. what innovations in instructions can be proposed? Hypotheses The researchers hypothesized that: 1.2.2 utilization. 2. There is no significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology between the grouped respondents. What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology as assessed by the grouped respondents classified as to: 2.1 instruction. Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the integration when grouped according to their profile? 4. Based on the findings of this study. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 9 1.4 length of service? 2.

The great demand for student-teachers graduated with Educational Technology background justify the need for more effective life-changing teaching approaches. Thus. . CHED. The study was limited to 200 student-teachers and 22 faculty in the College of Education in Taguig City University. . The focus of the study as far as the Educational Technology was concern includes the instruction. utilization and mastery of the said respondents. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity 10 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Scope and Delimitations The study assessed the extent of integration of Educational Technology in Taguig City University as perceived by the faculty and student-teachers. and future researchers considering that Educational Technology plays an important role in academic institutions now a days. Curriculum planners. schools that apply the recommended approach derived from the results of this study will be able to train students better because of a better instructional innovations. Significance of the Study The findings of this study were beneficial to the Philippine Government. StudentTeachers. Higher Educational Institutions.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. DepEd.

Higher Educational Institutions. In fulfilment to this. in fact in the government has directed different agencies like the CHED and Deped in promoting ICT in order to accelerate its contribution to the development of the national economy. This study was very relevant with the agenda of CHED to institutionalize the acceleration of an online web linking institutions of higher learning and other knowledge based agencies in the Philippines and abroad. that is to secure the Philippines position as a knowledgecenter in the Asia-Pacific region and to promote the country in the international academic landscape. The result of this research will give an appraisal for CHED to monitor and determine as to whether the utilization of online web and educational technology in Higher Educational Institutions in National Capital Regions has been implemented. This study was very significant. This may motivate the CHED as stated by Hulipaz (2002) in her study to urgently implement its strategic plan for quality excellence in human resource development where Internet and online web is an integral part. Central Bicutan. the Commission on Higher Education had set goals for 1998-2005. The result of the study gave an information to Higher Educational Institutions in National Capital Region to identify their strengths and weaknesses through the perceptions and scale given by web . CHED. TaguigCity 11 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Philippine Government.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.

Santos Avenue. while also promoting the integration of ICT in the public school system. Curriculum planners made also take this opportunity to realize the importance of technology innovation and integration of technology such as the integration of Educational Technology as a whole. Students benefited in using the Educational Technology in their practice teaching and chosen profession. Student-Teachers. Curriculum Planners. Through this. DepEd. Deped fully supports the continuous improvement of its teaching personnel based on the principle of lifelong learning and further advances the delivery of 21 st century skills to all Filipino learners. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity 12 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION administrators. and to enhance the school curriculum that is match or fit to the need of the community and the industry were the newly graduates may employ. This will also serve as a pattern in the information of guidelines not only in National Capital Region but also in entire Philippines in general. The improvement of Educational Technology and utilization in their schools will generate instructional innovations . The department of education takes to heart the development of teaches’ potential aimed towards their professional success.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. teachers and students in Educational Technology and utilization in their school and to further improve and develop their strong points and make up for their weaknesses.

using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. (Paragas. 2004) Educational Technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by cheating. Definition of Terms Computer is an electronic device that accepts. June 1. 2004 Faculty refers to the whole teaching personnel of the respondent schools.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. processes. Santos Avenue. stores and outputs data at high speeds according to programmed instruction. 2009) Higher Educational Institutions are the state universities and colleges in National Capital Region under the supervision of Commission on Higher Education that are connected or linked to the web or the net from which the respondent schools were taken. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 13 brought about by the recommendations of this study. Faculty are not limited to engineering faculty only but all the faculty in respondent schools regardless of their specialization. Central Bicutan. Future Researchers. (Encyclopedia Encarta. . This would be helpful for the future researchers in making a follow-up study with the same concept or variables. AECT.

(Wikipedia) Technology Integration means using “learning technologies to introduce. Utilization means the use of something. supplement and extend skills. (Merriam Webster Dictionary) Student-Teacher is a college.” (Williams. Central Bicutan. assignments. university or graduate student who is teaching under the supervision of a certified teacher in order to qualify for a degree in education. (Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary) . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 14 Instruction in this study refers to teachers used of the web as a tool presenting their lessons in their major and minor subjects. it is a part of educational technology. or understand something very well. 2000).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. (Paragas. Santos Avenue. reinforce. ed. and lessons through the school website and suggesting supplemental materials available in the web. use. which in turn is a part of educational technology. 2009) Mastery is a knowledge and skill that allows you to do. Technology integration is part and parcel of instructional technology. posting problems. Like instructional technology.

Each HTML tag describes different document content. A mark-up language is a set of mark-up tags.(Hyper Text Mark-up Language) is a mark-up language for describing web documents (web pages). HTML.(Department of Education) is the executive department of Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to. Central Bicutan.(Information and Communications Technology) is an umbrella term that . HTML documents are described by HTML tags. Santos Avenue.(Commission on Higher Education) is attached to the Office of the President for administrative purposes.(Computer Based Learning) refers to the use of computers as a key component of the educational environment. promoting equity in.(College of Education) is an Institution were the student-teachers are trained. ICT. It covers both public and private higher education institutions as well as degree-granting programs in all post-secondary educational institutions in the country. DepEd. While this can refer to the use of computers in a classroom. and improving the quality of basic education. the term more broadly refers to a structured environment in which computers are used for teaching purposes CED.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. CHED. TaguigCity 15 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Acronyms CBL.

and of Japan on August 14. Santos Avenue. MOOC-(Massive Open Online Course) a course of study made available over the Internet without charge to a very large number of people. with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8. . 1939. satellite systems and so on. television. US WWII. Central Bicutan.United Sates World War II. 1945. TaguigCity 16 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION includes any communication device or application. computer and network hardware and software. beginning on September 1. such as videoconferencing and distance learning.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 1945. the war between the Axis and the Allies. encompassing: radio. cellular phones. as well as the various services and applications associated with them.

evaluations must also consider how programs are designed and implemented. Educational Technology As for White (2014). This issue is also reflected in educational technology programs. Santos Avenue. Reports of programs that move beyond access to technology (both in program design and evaluation) are emerging. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 17 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter was the presentation of literature and studies of foreign and local which may directly or indirectly have bearing to study at hand. how communities are developed and how outcomes are measured.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Relevance to present study will give a big picture why these literature and studies from foreign and local were used. Recognizing that technology alone does not enhance learning. Central Bicutan. And while the Millennium Development Goals prompted improvements in access to education. but as yet relatively few program evaluations focus on adequately capturing improvements in . quality remains a challenge. how teachers are supported. educational technology was defined as the use of digital or electronic technologies and materials to support teaching and learning.

Print materials include those which are printed. The past few years saw the onset of the use of computers in the classroom. Santos Avenue. knowledge of technology is one of the 21 st century skills identified as important to be developed among learners. In fact. it behooves the teacher not only to gather as many instructional materials as he can for his use. These enablers of learning take on certain classifications. drawn or illustrated. vocational tools and media. laboratory equipment. On the other hand. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 18 the teaching and learning process or measuring improvements in learning outcomes. the main idea of which is look at education technology as enhancing educational objectives. Thus. Educational Technology for teaching and learning includes a wide range of enablers or facilitators of teaching and student learning. posters and charts.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. but more importantly to develop the skill in making sure that the use of these materials will optimize student learn. the non-print materials include the likes of models. Their purpose is to supplement learning material. This development has radically changed the landscape of educational technology which has been made available for use of teachers and students in schools. to help in concretizing abstract ideas for better student understanding. . As claimed by Brawner. Central Bicutan. These include print media like books.

Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. The . supplementing and extending the knowledge and skills to learners so that they can become exemplary users of educational technology. This presentation is reviewing various educational technology related theories. also professional teachers who may wish to update their knowledge of educational technology. exploring and discussing up-to-date theoretical research and applications. Experiential Learning Theory. TaguigCity 19 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Educational Technology is concerned with “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning. Cognitive Flexibility. Mainly directed to student teachers. such Behaviorism. Situated Cognition and Symbol Systems Theory. Educational technology is a fast-growing and increasingly developed subject in education during the past 50 years. Script Theory. Diffusion of Innovations. Constructivism. Elaboration Theory. Cognitivism. The focus of the development of its theories and research is oriented into the methods and effectiveness of its implementation. reinforcing. The related theories not only cover those mainstream and influential ones. it is our goal that this course can help our target learners to weave technology in teaching with software (computer programmed learning materials) becoming a natural extension of their learning tools.” Specifically this is focused on introducing. The application is mainly to discuss the related theories and research in educational technology and pedagogy of DL instruction through blackboard. but also include those extended and popular theories: Anchored Instruction. and Multiple Intelligence.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

and et. More than thirty years ago. educationist began exploring the use of technology that supports model of teaching that emphasizes learning with understanding and more active involvement. However. Bilbao. survey data suggest that technology remains poorly integrated into schools despite massive acquisition of hardware. Some observations indicate that the most frequent use of computers is for drill-and-skill practice that supplements existing curricula and instructional practices. 2007) According to LLagas. particularly in the thriving global information and communication technology (ICT) environment. (Lucido. the World Wide Web and other innovative technologies have enriched curricula and altered the types of teaching available in the classroom. Personal computers. CD-ROMS. TaguigCity 20 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION pedagogy of DL instruction includes the course designing. Because of its limitations. a decision to use technology to go beyond facts-based .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2014) In essence. online services. the course aims to infuse technology in the student-teachers training. Schools access to technology is increasing steadily every day and most of these newer technologies are now even used in traditional classrooms. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. resources and high order thinking skills have entered classroom and schools worldwide. the dominant model of teaching was directed instruction or lecture in which students memorized facts. The use of technology in the classroom has never been underscored than now. Thus. (Ouyang. helping them to adapt and meet rapid and continuing technological changes.al. module delivery and objective-oriented assessment strategies. Technologies as link to new knowledge.

we extend existing engagement frameworks. the researchers explore the interrelationships among engagement facets and how these relations unfolded over the course of group activity during a lesson. cognitive and conceptual-to-consequential forms). in part due to the narrowness of engagement measures. the researchers have limited understanding of the quality of engagement fostered in these contexts.. Santos Avenue. social. and for what purpose cannot be isolated from theories of teaching and learning that support learning with understanding. Using the newly developed observational measure. which have studied this construct as a stable and decontextualized individual difference. et al. According to Rogat. contextualized and collective. To help judge the quality of engagement. The researchers conceptualize engagement as multi-faceted (including behavioral. what technology to use.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. using technological tools as a resource. dynamic. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 21 memorization-oriented curricula to a curricula in which learning with understanding is emphasized was embraced when to use technology. The results suggest that the quality of behavioral and social engagement differentiated groups demonstrating low quality engagement. the researchers differentiate low and high quality collaborative engagement through a close qualitative analysis of two groups. Subsequently. Here. However. the researchers examine the variation of engagement quality for ten groups. computer-supported collaborative learning environments provide opportunities for students to collaborate in inquiry-based practices to solve authentic problems. Central Bicutan. but cognitive and conceptual-to-consequential forms are .

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. But for some people. Here. the impact of ICT in their lives is life-changing. which then facilitated consequential engagement. breakthroughs in the field of ICT (Information Communications Technology) have definitely changed the way we live. among others. These findings indicate the benefits of studying engagement as a multi-faceted phenomenon and extending existing conceptions to include consequential engagement. Santos Avenue. We can communicate instantaneously with our loved ones who lived abroad. Examinations of interrelations indicate that behavioral and social engagement fostered high quality cognitive engagement. do business with anyone from any part of the world. Central Bicutan. we can better asserts and exercise our right to education and our right to equal opportunity. and connect anyone via social networking.” . engagement is evidenced as highly interrelated and mutually influencing interactions among all four engagement facets. “Since we already have the rears to bridge the gap. shop or pay bills online. Technology will help end discrimination completely. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 22 required for explaining high quality engagement. Information Communications Technology According to Lumioan. with implications for designing technologies that scaffold high quality cognitive and conceptual-toconsequential engagement in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. study or work from the comforts of our home.

if the teacher wants to emphasize higher-order skills methods as simulations. In these cases. Moreover. implementation and self-evaluation will be emphasized. “Today we live in an age of lightning-fast information transfer. the importance of the teacher’s role in planning. Prieto and Carreon. One consequence of this is the ever. methods and technologies for helping learners acquire new knowledge. Santos Avenue.” According to Bruer (1993). TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 23 As stated by Vega. At times the teacher engages the students in lower-level role learning using drill and practice techniques for basic level learning. Technology has allowed individuals to obtain. There are various techniques. problem-solving and cooperative learning will be employed for learners to experience and solve real-world problems. However. you will notice a shift in which the learning experience is carried out. Central Bicutan. Learners engage in leaner-centered instruction proactively engage with various . learners must rise above the role. make decisions and solve complex real-world problems. assemble. analyze and communicate information in more detail at a much faster pace than on ever before.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.increasing demand on education to help all learners acquire higher-level skills that allow them to more readily analyze. factual level to begin to think critically and creatively. discovery. Instead of the teacher total control and manipulation. these changes must be grounded in an understanding of how a diverse population of individuals learns. These increased demands dictate changes in the way teachers interact with students.

Dayagbil and Corpuz believed that the role of technology in the curriculum springs from the very vision of the e-Philippine plan. media) to gain insights into a problem and its possible situations. social networking fluency. information access and retrieval at texts/ images/ sound/ video in fluency. media fluency and digital creativity fluency. Following a proto-type outcomes-based syllabus. Thus among educational goals desired for achievement in the honing of competencies and skills of a new breed of students. . greater sources of livelihood and ultimately a better way of life through enhanced access to appropriate technologies. efficient government services. This point to the need for an e-curriculum.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. now better referred to as a generation competent in literacies of the 3Rs (or reading. This framework purposes that curriculum delivery adopts ICT as important tool in education while users implement teaching-learning strategies that conform to the digital environment. the teacher. or curriculum which delivers learning consonant with the Information Technology and Communication Technology (ICT) revolution.. TaguigCity 24 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION sources of potential information (e. Santos Avenue. technology. dynamic andexcellent education programs in a post-industrial and technological Philippine society. this same concept is brought about through a vision for teachers to be providers of relevant. Central Bicutan. Thus is stated: “an electronically enabled society” where all citizens live in an environment that provides quality education.g. parents. writing and arithmetic) but influences more particularly problem-solving fluency. Bilbai.

. However. Klein & Lapadat. we employ “uptake and use” as a phrase that simultaneously addresses both aspects of digital technologies: something “in use” and something about “to be used” in perhaps new and changing contexts. in many articles the meaning of “uptake” and “use” is rather vague in that they are not always defined and are often taken for granted.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.and communication technology (ICT). wikis. social media and podcasts (Davies & Merchant. Santos Avenue. This is also evident in the articles related to the literature review reported here. dimensions and levels related to digital technologies in schools. these distinctions may only be possible to uphold at a theoretical or analytical level. However. This often seems to be the case regardless of the scientific discipline of the researchers and is probably due to the fact that these two concepts capture a variety of practices. information. blogs. Software is often connected to the use of digital technologies too (e. for example. Consequently. The review includes studies researching different digital technology tools and terms. such as computers. Brown. In a sense.g. Central Bicutan. 2009). such as filters for analyzing the problem of “uptake and use”. learning management systems (LMS) and digital media like. Uptake” and “use” are concepts that are often used in relation to digital technologies in primary and secondary schools and occur frequently in peer-review articles written in the empirical field. TaguigCity 25 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Digital technologies embrace several terms. 2009). whilst “uptake” could highlight the processes of implementation and integration of new aspects of digital technologies and how they are made use of. it may be possible to conceptualize “use” as “ongoing use”.

The study also sought to determine if a correlation existed between faculty beliefs and practices regarding ICT integration. and MANOVA. Central Bicutan. and Roger’s theory of diffusion of innovation provided the theoretical foundations for this study. yet little research has been done to measure faculty perceptions of its effectiveness and use. The research questions sought to measure the frequency of ICT integration in college teaching and the perceptions of faculty of its effectiveness. These findings may be used to promote positive social change through the integration of ICT into curriculum. The result of the MANOVA tests indicated significant differences across gender. Constructivism. technology experience. A sample of 203 faculty members from 4 Canadian colleges participated in this survey-based. Survey data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. and whether there were differences across gender. Santos Avenue. correlation analysis. discipline. The results of the correlation analysis identified a significant inverse relationship between beliefs about ICT integrationand practice in the classroom. Banathy’s systems design of education. research. and teaching experience with the use of ICT in the classroom to improve teaching and learning. and teaching experience in faculty perceptions and use of ICT.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The purpose of this quantitative. the encouragement . TaguigCity 26 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Colleges invest significant amounts of time and money to acquire modern information and communication technologies (ICT) to facilitate faculty use of ICT to improve teaching. disciplines. technology experience. non-experimental study was to investigate the relationship between ICT integration into teaching and faculty perceptions of ICT use to improve teaching.

2009) Benefits of Using ICT in Education The merits of ICT in education have been extolled in the literature. Central Bicutan. and provide solutions to the problems in the learning process. Glazewski and Hew (2008) have stated. Santos Avenue. They build new knowledge through accessing. The use of ICT has been found to: 1. ICT is used as a tool for students to discover learning topics. Assist students in accessing digital information efficiently and effectively As Brush.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Support student-centered and self-directed learning Students are now more frequently engaged in the meaningful use of computers (Castro Sánchez and Alemán 2011). TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 27 of ICT training for college instructors. 2. solve problems. 3. and the development of technology plans to establish more effective ICT integration practices. and interpreting information and data. organizing. and critically assessing the quality of the learning materials. (Chowdhury. Based on learning through ICT. and concepts in learning areas are understood while engaging students in the application of ICT. students are more capable of using informationand data from various sources. ICT makes knowledge acquisition more accessible. selecting. Produce a creative learning environment .

these e-books may come with some reading applications. which offer a reading-aloud interface. and more. any time. games related to reading skills and vocabulary acquisition. Santos Avenue. Learners can access all types of texts from beginning to advanced levels with ease through computers. and work collaboratively anywhere. Therefore. More specifically.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Offer more opportunities to develop critical (higher-order) thinking skills . Students not only acquire knowledge together. Central Bicutan. share. Promote collaborative learning in a distance-learning environment Koc (2005) mentioned that using ICT enables students to communicate. personal digital assistants (PDAs). in a reading class. or iPads. laptops. ICT provides more creative solutions to different types of learning inquiries. Koh and Tsai 2010). TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 28 ICT develops students’ new understanding in their areas of learning (Chai. e-books are commonly used in reading aloud activities. They may have the opportunity to analyze problems and explore ideas as well as to develop concepts. a teleconferencing classroom could invite students around the world to gather together simultaneously for a topic discussion. 4. For example. For instance. ICT involves purpose designed applications that provide innovative ways to meet a variety of learning needs. relevant vocabulary-building activities. They may further evaluate ICT learning solutions. 5. but also share diverse learning experiences from one another in order to express themselves and reflect on their learning.

they become more capable of working by themselves and with others. thus providing more control over course . Autonomy means that students take control of their learning through their use of ICT. schools are strongly advised to integrate technology across all of the learning areas and among all learning levels. ICT helps students focus on higher-level concepts rather than less meaningful tasks (Levin and Wadmany 2006). the students have more opportunity to build the new knowledge onto their background knowledge. Thus.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Through collaborative learning with ICT. Serhan (2009) concluded that ICT fosters autonomy by allowing educators to create their own material. Where this is done. Further. A longer exposure in the ICT environment can foster students’ higher critical thinking skills. and creativity. students are able to apply technology to the attainment of higher levels of cognition within specific learning contexts. Teachers can also authorize students to complete certain tasks with peers or in groups. and become more confident to take risks and learn from their mistakes. 6. In this way. Santos Avenue. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 29 Based on a constructive learning approach. (2008) have stated that there are three important characteristics are needed to develop good quality teaching and learning with ICT: autonomy. Central Bicutan. capability. McMahon’s study (2009) showed that there were statistically significant correlations between studying with ICT and the acquisition of critical thinking skills. Improve teaching and learning quality As Lowther et al.

and creativity. they can develop the capability to apply and transfer knowledge while using new technology with efficiency and effectiveness. 7. TaguigCity 30 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION content than is possible in a traditional classroom setting. Support teaching by facilitating access to course content . students may be asked to practice their pronunciation using an online audio dictionary. CDs. the whole learning process enriches students’ learning skills and broadens their knowledge beyond what they already know. They then have to make a recording of their own pronunciation and provide examples of how this new word is used in context. the use of ICT can improve both teaching and learning quality. and select the one that best meets their learning needs.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. students’ creativity can be optimized. They may discover new multimedia tools and create materials in the styles readily available to them through games. and television. They are required not only to listen to the native pronunciation from the dictionary. capability. Therefore. Central Bicutan. With a combination of students’ autonomy. in an ESL listening and speaking class. In addition. Santos Avenue. they have to know which browser to use in order to search a suitable online audio dictionary. For example. They will have to browse several online dictionaries. once students are more confident in learning processes. With regard to capability. but also to learn the definitions and examples of a new vocabulary item. By using ICT. Before completing this task. finding good software to record their voice is another prerequisite for these learners.

and necessary technological support are available from institutes for the teachers. In sum. teachers. Therefore. and arranging for the computer lab through their technology learning specialists or assistants. these barriers are classified into four categories based on the perspectives of students. ICT offers students more time to explore beyond the mechanics of course content allowing them to better understand concepts. teachers reported that the relationship between teacher and learner is sometimes reversed with regards to information technology. and requires teachers to be more creative in customizing and adapting their own material. Central Bicutan. While ICT is changing teaching and learning for the better in several ways. The use of ICT also changes the teaching and learning relationship. The main responsibilities of these teachers will be changing their course format. administrators. In the following sections. equipment. If the encouragement. Selection and Use of Instructional Materials . ICT changes the traditional teacher. TaguigCity 31 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Watts-Taffe et al. Based on the findings of Reid’s study. and ICT infrastructure. as Reid (2002) has indicated. the existing literature has also identified some barriers. (2003) found that teachers can act as catalysts for the integration of technology through ICT. Santos Avenue.centered approach.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. creating and explaining the new assignments. This relationship boosts students’ confidence when they are able to help teachers with technical issues in the classroom. developing an ICT class will be easier for them.

The technologies studied were chalkboards. In view of this. where the use and selection of instructional materials will be exhaustively discussed. devices and instruments accumulated in every teacher’s storehouse. overhead projectors. and participation of students has long been recognized to a point that this wide collection of teaching tools earned the little “sub-strategies”. flip charts. since not much was known about the use of technologies in teacher training colleges in Malawi. more teaching technologies such as recordings. computers. Properly selected and used its impact on the attention. All instructional materials are aids to instruction and using videos. projectors and computers. CD-ROMS. It is not surprising to see these materials. videos have been available in some schools. The use of instructional technologies has an impact on students’ content acquisition and adds to class performance. Beggs (2000) notes that research has shown that it is not only the technology that is important. Of late. Central Bicutan. this study was designed to establish how instructional technologies were used by tutors in those colleges. but also how it is used that improves learning and increases pupils’ interest. Santos Avenue. There are two subjects in Educational Technology of three units each. TaguigCity 32 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION According to Corpuz and Salandanan (2013). sustained interest. The research questions were (a) How often did . and local resources from the environment. overheads and chalkboard not only keeps students’ interest but also responds to the needs of those who receive information in different ways. videos. there is no drab lesson if appropriate media is used in its presentation.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. However. computers.

e.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. St. Blantyre. and lack of maintenance. In addition to the tutors. The study concludes with a suggested process for how government and the teacher . Santos Avenue. Constant training and peer support on how to use the instructional technologies are some of the lessons to be learned from Domasi College of Education. videos. and computers. Central Bicutan. unavailability of the technologies. Joseph’s. The failure to use the locally available resources by some of the tutors was attributed to lack of creative thinking as well as lack of initiative to use the local environment in their teaching. TaguigCity 33 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION tutors use instructional technologies in their teaching? (b)What reasons did tutors have for using and not using instructional technologies in their teaching? (c)Howdid college tutors perceive their competence levels in using instructional technologies? (d)What attitudes did the college tutors have towards the use of instructional technologies? (e)What did tutors consider important factors in influencing their use of instructional technologies? The sample consisted of tutors from Karonga. Lilongwe. and Montfort Teacher Training Colleges. The results of the survey that was conducted with the tutors revealed that there was infrequent use of higher order instructional technologies i. which was attributed to lack of training. overhead projectors. a snapshot study was conducted with faculty at Domasi College of Education to establish how use of computer technology was established and sustained and what lessons could be learned that could assist the teacher training colleges as they encourage computer use among their tutors. who completed a survey designed to address the research questions.

students who were engaged and participated through the use of technology in classroom demonstrate greater content mastery (Gulek & Demirtas. Central Bicutan. 2009) Instruction The immersion of technology in the educational environment not only influences many facets of students’ academic learning. it also affects teaching. 2003). teachers can create greater learning and educational opportunities.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and innovation instead of . In addition. (Lowther et al. For example. self-expression. The influences related to the use of online technology may work as a catalyst to improve learning. Through the integration of technology and web facilitated instruction. (Littman. teachers who use technology in a dynamic way hold their students’ attention. Plafrey and Gasser (2008) suggest that by allowing technology to influence student creativity. 2005). a stimulated and active learning environment. and. communication. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 34 training institutions can work collaboratively to maximize the use of instructional technologies in the teaching and learning process for prospective teachers.. Santos Avenue. Several possibilities for further research on the use of instructional technologies have been highlighted. Hooper (2002) advocated educators must redesign their educational system and teachers must be trained to use and design the use of technology. therefore.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. 2008). . (Roberts. Central Bicutan. if used properly. PowerPoint can also be a wonderful tool for students and teachers to give out information. In Tanzania. 2005) One of the most common used software in teaching and learning is PowerPoint. not something that requires them to change. A PowerPoint presentation used on an interactive whiteboard can be especially interesting since students and teachers can manipulate information with a simple touch to the screen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 35 stifling it. The Bridge IT programme (India and Tanzania) provided evidence of improved learning outcomes from teachers’ use of smartphones to play video lessons for their classes via flat-screen TVs or data-projectors. Teachers also had activity guides to support or extend the video lessons. and Technologies that are often considered to be novel and very new by many adults are a basic part of this generation daily lives. teachers will aid the digital have-nots and know-nots by increasing their digitally related skills and experience. (Young. students showed average gains of 10–20% over control groups for maths and science. According to a poll conducted at Pennsylvania State University the following themes emerged regarding technology expectations among students: What is considered technology by this generation is not confined to simply computers or the Internet: Technology is viewed as any electronically based application or piece of equipment that meets a need for access to information or communication. It is something that adapts to their needs.

The programmed instruction models as suggested by Skinner can be used to provide learners learn at their own pace and give immediate feedback. speech. Utilization Technology can be used for individualized instruction in order to bridge the gaps between the teaching styles and the learning styles. music. 2011). etc.’ The animations. multimedia networks. auditory learners and kinesthetic learners. there were average gains of 10% over control groups for science. BridgeIT also carried out systematic classroom observations pre. create virtual realities and experience for the learners. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 36 However. others showed modest gains if any (Enge.and postintervention in India. but no gains for English (Wennerstan & Qureshy.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. It is said ‘I hear and I forget. These showed a 31% increase in the proportion of lessons identified as ‘high quality’. 2012). In India. with a corresponding 24% drop in the proportion of (traditional) ‘direct instruction’ lessons ((Oblinger&Oblinger. I do and I understand. software packages to teach various subjects. it is difficult for the teacher to respond and provide feedback to each student. Multimedia tools provide a wide range of sensory stimuli. Central Bicutan. The use of technology can be made to address the visual learners. which in turn. In an ordinary classroom with one teacher. while some groups of students excelled. image enhancements. I see and I remember. 2005). help in making . simulations.

and to ongoing lifelong professional development. In addition. Central Bicutan. However. ‘an able teacher need to find ways and means to improve their teaching techniques – using IT is one of them. 2010) e-Learning provides a way for teachers to gain new knowledge and skills. to in-service workshops and short courses. efforts are been made to make the teachers aware of the use of technology through pre-service and in service courses. Edu. Educational Innovations certainly do not come about automatically. . Hence. from preservice training. (Shamsha Emanuel. almost 80% of the teachers in developing countries feel that they are not prepared to use the technology. They have to be invented. Tech. 2010). Teacher training now involves a continuum of learning. programs also aim towards making the teacher’s techno savvy and teach using the computers.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. According to the UNDP statistics in the year 2001. It is rightly said. useful and joyful experience and retain knowledge for a longer time (Shamsha Emanuel. planned. initiated and implemented in a way that will make educational practices more adequately geared to the changing objectives of instruction and make them more consistent with changing standards of instruction. TaguigCity 37 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION learning a more direct. the use of Information Technology in teaching requires competencies on the part of the teacher and has indeed made the profession more challenging. ICT also facilitate the new paradigm in teacher training that is emerging. Santos Avenue.

and support from administration. Central Bicutan. accessibility of the educational technology. The study examined the barriers to integrating computer technology in middle school curriculum and formulated possible strategies to help educators overcome identified barriers for the benefit of students and the educational program. Analysis found that lecturers of the community college are ready to utilize the educational technology in their teaching practice. Institution also recommended to provide more training for lecturers to sharpen their teaching skills by utilizing the educational technology. technical support in utilizing the educational technology. The result from this study found that the lecturers in the community college have positive perceptions that educational technology enhances their teaching practices and students’ performance. Moreover. Barriers that have been identified can be categorized into lecturers’ computer selfefficacy. Santos Avenue. computer self-efficacy and accessibility. TaguigCity 38 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION As for Azlim. Ranks of the barriers from the higher mean score that have been identified are technical support. Three hundred and ninety-seven survey instruments were personally . A structured questionnaire was distributed to all lecturers in the institution and 72% from the lecturers agreed to participate as respondents. this study also aims to identify lecturer's perception towards the usage of the educational technology. Amram and Rusli. administrator support. the study was conducted to explore the barriers in utilizing educational technology among lecturers in their teaching practices in a community college in Malaysia.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. However. the technical supports need to be enhancing Internet and computer facilities.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 39 delivered to middle schools in the state of Ohio. Santos Avenue. The study also identified possible strategies for future use that would encourage teachers to utilize computer technology in the classroom. These barriers are (a) technology equipment that did not function properly or did not function at all. (b) have a technology support staff person available to middle school teachers on a daily basis. These strategies are (a) provide in-services at the end of a workday.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. (d) the students’ familiarity with computer technology and/or lack of computer technology in students’ homes. 2009) Teaching Strategies As for Salandan (2009). and (e) the cost associated with computer technology classes at a university or college. The respondents were representative of teachers in Mahoning and Trumbull Counties. (b) the lack of training. (c) staff meetings with computer technology experts to present new and innovative ideas to the middle school teachers. (Cavucci. (c) the lack of time to successfully integrate computer technology into the classroom. teaching strategy is as an educational endeavour that engages students in activities that will enable them to acquire knowledge and . The data from this survey was sufficient to identify barriers and offer possible strategies. The survey data identified five factors as possible barriers to the utilization computer technology in the classroom. Central Bicutan. and (d) technology equipment in properly working order that would allow middle school teachers to utilize computer technology when they desired to do so.

teachers. In the contrary. Faculty According to Gallavan. especially at the novice level. they assume that their students are just like them. when their own students struggle to succeed. they blame the child because the methodology had been effective in their own schooling. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 40 skills. Instead. Learning is the ultimate goal. In the art of teaching. expertise and willingness can help student to learn. The way their . It consists of organized activities aimed at inducing learning. This is achieved by stimulating positive interactions as a teacher and her students go through a well-planned step-by-step procedure thin is directed towards a desired learning outcome. at the same time develop worthwhile values and attitudes. et al (2005). As a result. the students will respond positively. A teacher’s skill. anythinga teacher does is going to be scrutinized by the students. This assumption allows for many teachers to utilize educational approaches that they witnessed growing up. are not aware of the vastly different worlds their students live in. in the subject he or she is teaching. as well as confidence. This rule applies to administrators as well. If the teacher serves as an ideal role model. the favoritism of the teacher can also affect the learning process of the students. Central Bicutan. demonstrates competence. The systematized actions end with the development of competence in applying the knowledge and skills acquired and practicing the mural standards gained.

as well as in relation to the initial teacher education for developing the pedagogical skills. Though teachers have different strategy on imparting knowledge. Santos Avenue. Aquino 1975) The identified theme concerns research on teachers. ideas. An agreement seems to exist that teachers are playing a crucial role in the process of uptake and use of digital technologies and in the development of new practices pervaded by digital technologies. in his research review. Most of the research identified in this theme seems to be coherent. Teachers are seen as key players for the uptake and use of digital technology. They will be confused on things regarding on how and why the teacher has their favorite students (Gaudencio V. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 41 teachers deal with them is one thing. rather than the digitaltechnology in itself embodies certain qualities that guarantee good teaching and learning outcomes. For example. beliefs. Teachers’ professional development is also in focus and is often related to the use of digital technologies in specific school subjects. Ferdig (2006) concludes that from a teacher perspective the most valuable aspect is that the uptake and use of digital technologies can motivate increased quality in teaching. . confidence and competence are highlighted. teachers’ professional development and teacher education in relation to the uptake and use of digital technologies in schools. students do not understand it easily.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. visions and attitudes that favour the uptake and use of digital technologies in schools. and aspects like teachers’ motives.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

42

Sipilä (2010), on the other hand, claims that the uptake of digital
technologies in school is a process that is mediated by teacher characteristics,
technological framework and the conditions within the school. According to Sipilä’s
findings, based on quantitative data collected by the use of an online
questionnaire, providing teachers with laptops can be a way of enhancing the
teachers’ use of digital technologies both at work and in their spare time. He
argues that when the use of modern digital technology is not tied to a specific time
or place, teachers will have more time to evaluate the possibilities provided by the
technology, which in turn will probably increase the use of digital technologies in
the classroom. In relation to their empirical study, Ward & Parr (2010) discuss the
possibility of reframing the question of digital technology. They argue that
teachers who understand the use of digital technologies and the subsequent
benefits to teaching and learning are probably more willing to learn, try new things
and move away from more traditional classroom practices conclude in a
qualitative study that teachers’ learning experiences with digital technologies are
facilitated and empowered through long-term collaboration with colleagues and
students over time. They also argue that becoming familiar with digital
technologies cannot be perceived as a linear process. These researchers
emphasize the importance of teachers being assisted in their uptake and use of
digital technologies.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
43

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Education encounters, in modern times, challenges in all aspects of social,

economic & cultural life; the most important of which are over-population, overknowledge, education philosophy development & the change of teacher’s role, the
spread of illiteracy, lack of the staff & the technological development & mass
media (Aloraini, 2005, p. 30–32). This drove the teaching staff to use the modern
teaching technologies to face some of the main problems, which education & its
productivity encounter, by increasing the learning level which may be achieved
through providing equivalent opportunities for all people whenever & wherever
they are, while taking into account the individual differences between learners. To
improve the educational productivity, some of the teaching staff sought to
mainstream technology within education, developing traditional techniques &
using new educational methods. Mainstreaming the technological media within
what is called ‘‘Multimedia’’ is the pattern which led to infinite applications of
computer technologies. The concept of this technology came into being with the
appearance of sound cards, then compact disks, then came the use of digital
camera, then the video which made computer an essential educational tool.
Nowadays, multimedia expanded to become a field on its own. The concept of
multimedia technology is broad & it has infinite usage fields; it is a profound
element as an educational technology in addition to its use in medical & statistical
domains & in establishing databases. Moreover, the entertainment sector is one of
the sectors that had the lion’s share in using this technology. Interaction is the
main element in multimedia technology as most of its applications are

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

44

characterized by interaction. Consequently, multimedia programs may provide a
more effective & more influential experiment than using each technology
separately. The researcher thinks that multimedia is one of the best educational
techniques because it addresses more than one sense simultaneously, as it
addresses the senses ofsight & hearing. Multimedia programs provide different
stimuli in their presentations which include a number of elements some of which
are (Aloraini, 2005, p. 55–75): Texts, spoken words, sound & music, graphics,
animations and still pictures.
These elements were mainstreamed in a comprehensive presentation so as to
provide effective education, which in turn will support the participation of the
different senses of the learners in diverse syllabi.
Mary Chamberlain (2002) said that that great teacher make a difference.
They have passion that seeps through the skin- a love of learning. Great progress
(‘a revolution’) was made but a working hum and engagement is now not enough.
What are now needed are quality learning conversations between teachers and
learners. It is about extending rather than supervising, about linking to the child’s
world, about creating lines of desires, about not seeing the curriculum as a
straightjacket. The curriculum it seems is more a direction.

Practicum
According to Bodiongan (2015), Technology, man’s continuous effort to
simplify task for the benefit of life, flutters very fast like time. It’s an ongoing trend

that’s why Educational Technology exists. we might ask. In recent years technology in the schools has change drastically. That’s why teacher-education students are molded with the intervention with these trends. Central Bicutan. is offered penultimate before PSTs are employed to schools for practicum here in St. I suppose that everything the teacher used (compared today) is almost out-dated and obsolete. Relating technology to education. how has technology changed the classroom. that’s why professional education subjects with relation to technology are included in the curriculum. An excellent strategic plan that allows practicumers to be freshly updated with the innovations in education before being sent outside the school’s premise to practice their chosen profession. Mary’s College of Tagum. the real thing here that teacher-education students are expected to have. and how has it integrated into the classrooms? Then we might also wonder how much does technology influences students learning ability and teacher's ability to include technology in the academic curriculum. Those strategies before. In today's world technology is a very important part of our lives. is on how teachers can integrate technology inside the teaching-learning process yielding successful learning. the main concern here is technology. which. Santos Avenue. I grew up with the traditional set-up of classroom. for . Educational Technology is concerned with “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning”. Obviously. Technology and education both has a relationship with teaching. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 45 that allows a lot of innovations that makes life even more satisfactory to live. However.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. but not the classical usage of the internet.

The goal of the research was to assess the capabilities of the SDLC in enabling academic institutions to design and develop new e-learning networks and/or upgrade and enhance in-place e-learning networks. Central Bicutan. An e-learning network supports a wide range of applications and services and facilitates access to diverse e-learning implementations including virtual laboratory (V-lab) environments. and international research and education configurations. the author applied the SDLC methodology for design and development of an e-learning network based on findings of a chronological . the proper teaching protocols appropriate to the needs and interests of the modern students. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 46 me. In this dissertation. regional. knowledge repositories. as well as metropolitan. Santos Avenue. and content delivery networks (CDNs). E. nationally. As demonstrated in this dissertation. are now inappropriate. storage area networks (SANs). So.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and internationally. this subject served as an eye opener to future mentors. A systems development life cycle (SDLC) methodology enables academic institutions to design and develop e-learning networks that meet educational goals and objectives and provide access to current and next-generation research initiatives.Learning E-learning networks are used by academic institutions such as Regis University to support synchronous and asynchronous delivery of online courses and programs. an e-learning network eliminates campus boundaries by providing infrastructure for information flows regionally.

T and Non-I. and deployment of an e-learning network capable of meeting current and projected institutional goals and objectives. The web application also allows the professors to post announcement to their sections and make the students interact with this. I. Santos Avenue. (Conn.T respondents result with a composite mean of 4-1 and composite mean of 4. This system was made successfully through the use of PHP as programming language. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 47 case study of the e-learning Academic Research Network (ARN) at Regis University between 2001 and 2005.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. The Web App was evaluated by I. development. Because of this.T respondents.4 from Non-I. The outcomes of this investigation demonstrate the role of the SDLC methodology as an enabler of design. This system allows them to create online groups/ section for the student to pass assignments online and take quizzes online. This proves that it was a highly acceptable in terms of . Dizon and Altarres (2014) E-Learning Portals made a great contribution in the lives of students and professors as of terms of information about the school or university. Professors and students want to have an easy but convenient website application that helps them record and track grades of students and give them information about their class. My SQL for the database and Photoshop for the graphical user interface.T respondents. 2009) According to Rosaria. the researchers decided to develop UMAK E-Learning Portal. a web application that provides information about the section of student.

This department also seeks to develop the Higher Education Information System and to establish communication superhighway through networking or Internet linkages. it is the declared policy of the State to establish. scholarship grants and international convention. reliability.4 from web app gives satisfaction to the users. In accordance with the goals of the higher education that are cited in the preceding. Santos Avenue. . Higher education information system. etc. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. Regional capabilities in science and technology education. communication highway. Program Thrust of CHED for Quality Education and Excellence According to the Commission on Higher Education (1997).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The composite mean of 4. maintain. The action plan of this department for 2011-2016 includes the modernization of facilities of SUC’s and LUC’s providing ICT equipment and upgrading facilities in order to enhance their instruction and extension. Quality and excellence can be achieved via the development of Center of excellence in different disciplines. and support a complete. TaguigCity 48 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION functionality. institutional and academic standard. networking and internet linkages. Central Bicutan. CHED come up with development programs that are implementable with specific activity thrusts. Policies. Academic exchanges between and among local and international HEI’s. efficiency and usability.

Santos Avenue. The goals of higher education is ensuring the attainment of empowered and globally competitive Filipinos via: Quality and excellence. access and equity or broadening the access of deserving and qualified Filipinos to higher education opportunities. institutional and individual returns and benefits derived from the utilization of higher education resources. and Efficiency and effectiveness. Relevance and responsiveness. In terms of quality and excellence. relevance and responsiveness require generation and diffusion of knowledge in the broad range of disciplines relevant and responsive todynamically changing domestic and international environment. Level of Prioritization of Teaching and Learning The study of Marcial (2012) reveals that the level of prioritization of teaching and learning with technology in HEIs in the Philippines is high. and efficiency and effectiveness will optimize social. The degree of implementation of the teaching and learning with technology is .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. It has an aggregate mean of 4. Access and equity. TaguigCity 49 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION This program thrust delves on strengthening the human resources capabilities of HEI’s and CHED and optimize foreign assistance in critical areas like agricultural technology education. environmental and maritime education.03. implying that teaching and learning with technology is highly prioritized in the HEIs and needs to be done in the next 3 years. this goal calls for provision of undergraduate and graduate education which meet international standards of quality and excellence.

Santos Avenue. but also completely transform entire learning environments. illiteracy. It has an aggregate mean of 3. President George W. the results can be revolutionary. and self-doubt. Bush (2003) stated. to one of the most successful. as students. showing that teaching and learning with technology is already in the strategic plan of the HEIs. action has yet to be done. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 50 moderate. When technology is leveraged with a very strategic vision and change management plan. transforming itself from some of the lowest performing schools in the region. however. Yet too many children in America are segregated by low expectations. Central Bicutan. This Administration believes schools should use technology as a tool to improve academic achievement.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and as citizens. the quality of our public schools directly affects us all as parents. Government Support In his education proposal. . and that using the latest technology in the classroom should not be an end unto itself. Schools which excelled by the implementation of Educational Technology Innovative technologies not only have the potential to evolve pedagogical practice. Intermediate School 339 (USA) is one learning environment that has demonstrated this potential. children are literally being left behind.21. In a constantly changing world that is demanding increasingly complex skills for its workforce.

2008) Objectives of NHERA-2 The following objectives for 2009-2018 shall be pursued under NHERA-2 are as follows: 1. In addition. Enhance research productivity of HEIs in distinctive areas of .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2. Improve research capability of HEIs. These practices not only make places like Intermediate School 339 and Shady Hill Innovative Learning Environments. 2013). particularly the Philippine universities whose main business is to generate knowledge towards international competitiveness. these studies examined improvements made by fourth grade English/Language Arts students who took the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System test and improvements in the reading proficiency scores of students who took the Michigan Education AssessmentProgram test. but also continually Innovating Learning Environments. Honey cites Schater who. projectors and various other digitaltechnologies into the classroom – to also infuse the practice of innovating into the campus. Specifically. Research studies reviewed in the article by Honey (2005) found many examples of improvements in student learning with regular use of technology in the classroom. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 51 The Shady Hill School in Cambridge. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. (Groff. (Young. found that students with access to any 23 number of technologies showed positive gains in achievement on researcher constructed tests. Massachusetts (USA) used a twoyear technology-infusion project – injecting laptops. standardized tests. and national tests. in 1999.

particularly for higher education c. The application of computer skills to the other learning areas is a curriculum policy that stems from the principle that teaching-learning must not be textbook. Generate knowledge/ technologies needed for a. 3. biotechnology. equipment. including the application of ICT in teaching and learning. b. Central Bicutan. 2002) Memorandum issued by DBM and CHED . and educational processes should take advantage of technological developments.driven. Promote and facilitate dissemination and utilization of research outputs. (Park et al. information and communications technology. An education modernization program will equip schools with facilities. International. and materials science). materials and skills and introduce new learning and delivery systems necessary to capitalize on recent technological developments.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. developing innovative programs in cutting edge higher education fields (e. nanotechnology. national and regional higher education development. where appropriate.g. Santos Avenue. advancing the frontiers of knowledge in the disciplines 4. TaguigCity 52 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION competence. policy/ plan formulation. and d. 2013) Policies on the Use of Technology in Education in the Philippines Technology must be studied first as a separate subject. then applied in other learning areas as a tool for learning how to learn. (NHER-2.

number of programs. theirs stages of development need to be reevaluated. number of dormitories and residents. faculty size and profile. the nine levels were compressed into four levels such as Quality and Relevance of Instructions.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. many of the universities and colleges have outgrown their levels quantitatively and qualitatively. The leveling instrument needs updating to make it more sensitive to the state of development of universities and colleges to take into account the level of performance of an institution in the areas of instruction. TaguigCity 53 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION The Department of Budget and Management and Commission on Higher Education issued joint circulars numbers 1-A on October 24. Santos Avenue. Philippine Laws that Support the Usage of Technology in Education . 2007 that provide the Colleges and Universities leveling instrument and guidelines for the implementation thereof. relations with and services to the community and management resources. extension and non-formal training activities. universities and colleges were categorized into nine levels which were determined through a quantitative evaluation of enrollment size. Research Capability and Outputs within the last three year. Based on these two departments. as well as management of resources. 2003 and 1-B on June 27. appropriations for current operating expenditures and other related factors. Under NCC 12. upon implementation of RA 6758 also known as the Salary Standardization Law in 1989. hence. research and extension. However. resources devoted to research. Central Bicutan.

culture and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. arts. It shall support indigenous. The Constitution. Santos Avenue. and support a complete. and their utilization. and promote total human liberation and development. and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities. accelerate social progress. The State shall: (l) Establish. Article XIV. invention. innovation. 1. Section 17. 1 provides: SEC. Sections 1 and 2. appropriate. para. Article II. and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. science and technology. Section 10 provides: Science and Technology are essential for national development and progress. efficiency and high quality in the institutions of higher learning in . and to science and technology education. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. and their application to the country's productive systems and national life. provides: The State shall give priority to education. training. The State shall give priority to research and development. Article XIV. adequate. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 54 The Constitution. The Constitution. and services. The Education Act of 1982 declares that “Higher Education will be geared towards the provision of quality education. The main thrust of higher education is to achieve equity. maintain.

off usage when the child overuses their allowance for the month. and support a complete. Ma. Central Bicutan. it is also right to mention that technologies can also distract students. teachers can create environments in which students actively engage in cognitive partnerships with educational technology. The positive side of modern technology is that it makes things easier for students to research for their homework and projects. (Republic Act no. there is no doubt that modern technology has an effect on the study habits of students today. Commission on Higher Education which is to establish. Guided by research findings from cognitive psychology and other related areas. It’s up to the parents to teach their child to be responsible on their mobile phones. Shiela Escuro (2009) says that. to ask them to pay-up when their mobile runs out of money. 2000) As stated by Celeste (2010).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. maintain. Santos Avenue. Synthesis Teachers who learn to integrate educational technology may go on to conceptualize their roles in the classroom. (David. However. “Usage of this gadget can be controllable.” . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 55 both public and private so that together they will provide a complete set of program offerings that meet national and regional development needs. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. Or to get some agreement from the mobile companies that automatically cut. 8292).

Of course there is the usual cellphone. the need to spend hours and hours sitting in the library has reduced dramatically. the world is changing fast. This will all boil down to the age and the self-discipline of the student. As a result. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Technology continues to advance at lightning speed and anyone who doesn’t keep up is in danger of being left behind. While books still remain a valuable tool. . Furthermore discussed by Fabian. the way students study has changed significantly. Using the internet itself can be distracting because of all the social networking sites and the games that are available with just one click. iPod and iPad which can really distract the students. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 56 According to Fabian (2007). Students now have numerous options available to them when it comes to learning techniques. Central Bicutan. We cannot deny the fact that technology can be a distraction in studying.

Central Bicutan. a Philippine Local University. and statistical treatment for answering the proposed topic of investigation. this research design interpreted a “what it is” approach and described the nature of the situation as it existed in the study. Research Method This study used the descriptive research design of McNabb (2009) for it reveals the summary statistics by showing responses to all possible questionnaire items. 29. Series of 2004 of the Sangguniang Bayan . Research Locale Taguig City University or TCU. the techniques implied. was established through Ordinance No. In fact. Santos Avenue. This design is also applicable for the study because it explored and determined the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teachers at Taguig City University. the procedures done.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 57 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter discussed the research design and the respondents used in the study.

. authored by Councilor Aurelio Paulo R. Bartolome with Councilor Marisse Balina-Eron and Councilor Allan Paul C. Municipal Government of Taguig. Santos Avenue. 29. later renamed Taguig City University (TCU) upon conversion of the Municipality of Taguig to "cityhood" on 8 December 2004. Cruz as co-sponsors). It was located at Gen. Upper Bicutan. Pamantasan ng Taguig (PnT). was established through Ordinance No. TaguigCity 58 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ng Taguig on the 6th day of September 2004 at the Municipal Government of Taguig. Taguig City.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Series of 2004 (enacted 6 September 2004. Santos Ave. Central Bicutan.

and the researcher used 5% (e) as margin of errors to assumed that out of 100% there is a 5% errors on the possible result of this study. Central Bicutan. The population of all the fourth year students is 371 (N).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. to be distributed in all majors to get their aimed percentages. Slovin’s Formula: n = sample N = population e = margin of errors Percentage: P= n f x 100 P = percentage f = frequency n = sample . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 59 Population and Sampling Techniques In order to get the target respondents of the researchers. the Slovin’s formula was used to get the sample out of the population of the fourth year students in the College Of Education at Taguig City University. Computation results to 192 respondents (n). Santos Avenue.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 60 The researchers used Simple Random Sampling Technique to disseminate the survey questionnaires to the target respondents of this study. The researchers’ questionnaire was composed of the extent of integration of Educational Technology in terms of instructions. It involved 70 student.teachers inScience major.” Other questions came from the survey questionnaire in the internet.teachers in Bachelor of Elementary Education and 130 student-teachers in Bachelor in Secondary Education: 40 student.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Research and Evaluation The researchers adapted the questions mostly in the Field Study Handbook 3 which is “Technology in the Learning Environment.teachers out of 371 total population of fourth year. and 22 faculty of the College of Education in Taguig City University. They had the equal probability of being chosen. This was used to have fairness in choosing the desire number of respondents. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. Demographic Description of the Respondents The respondents used in the study were 200 student. 50 student-teachers in English major. utilizations and mastery as utilized by the student-teachers in Taguig City University. . both 20 student-teachers in Physical Education and Mathematics majors.

a likert scale was established by the researcher. Santos Avenue. the first draft of questionnaire was prepared. The questionnaires together with the validation instruments were submitted to the chosen validators with masters and doctorate degree to establish . Central Bicutan. age.00 Attained to the Fullest Extent 2.26-4. academic rank and length of service. gender. (Basilio.56-3.76-2.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2009) Likert Scale Range Interpretation 3. After all the comments and suggestions were considered. cooperating school. The draft of the questionnaire was submitted again to the research adviser to finalize the questionnaire.55 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 61 The questionnaire was composed of two parts: (1) Personal Information of the Respondents – name.00-1.75 Attained to the Full Extent Attained to the Less Extent Not Attained Validation of Instruments Used The questionnaire was presented to the research adviser for some corrections and suggestions.25 1. course. (2) the Checklist for Utilization of Educational Technology which can be answered by: 4 – Strongly Agree 2 – Disagree 3 – Agree 1 – Strongly Disagree To interpret the mean score of the respondents.

Santos Avenue. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 62 content authentication.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Data Analysis The following statistical treatment had been used by the researchers to have valid and adequate findings to the study: . The researchers got the mean of the instruments that were validated by five experts to determine whether the instrument was valid or not. All the suggestions and comments were taken and incorporated in the final draft and was checked again by the research adviser. school year 2016-2017. Central Bicutan. The researchers also got the total number of faculty in the College of Education. from the Registrar Office in determining the total number of students per major in Taguig City University. The researchers assessed the enrollment report for the fourth year students in College of Education – first semester. the researchers disseminated and completed the required number of questionnaires to be used in the study. the researchers worked on tallying the respondents’ answers to get the needed data in the study. Upon the assessment of the total number of respondents to be used. Data Gathering Procedures The researchers wrote a letter of request to the Registrar Office and Human Resource Department of the respondent school to allow them to gather data pertinent to this study. Lastly.

Weighted Mean It is an average mean that takes into account the importance of each value to the overall total. X is the symbol for the scores. It used to determine the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU. 2. Percent: P= n f x 100 P = percentage f = frequency n = sample Percent was used to answer statement of the problem no. Thus we have our first and perhaps the most basic statistical formula: Where: (sometimes call the X-bar) is the symbol for the mean. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 63 1. To calculate the weighted mean simply add up a set of scoresand divide by the number of scores. (the Greek letter sigma) is the symbol for summation. Santos Avenue. 1 in order to determine the demographic profile of the grouped respondents. . N is the symbol for the number of scores.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

Where S= the standard deviation of a sample = means sum of X= each value of the sum = mean of all values in the data set N= number of all values in the data set Standard deviation was also used to answer the statement of the problem no. TaguigCity 64 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Mean was used to answer the statement of the problem no. 3. Central Bicutan. utilization and mastery.2 which is: “What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU in terms of the following areas: instructions. Santos Avenue. 2which is: “What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU in terms of the following areas: instructions.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and mastery. One.way Anova . utilization.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 65 One way anova was used to answer the statement of the problem no. Paired Sample T-test Where: =is the mean difference between two samples. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. s =is the sample variance.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.3 which is: “Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the extent of integration when grouped according to their profile?” 4. n = is the sample size and t = is a paired sample t-test .

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA Table 1 Student-Teacher (Gender) .4 which is: “Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the two groups of respondents on the extent of integration of Educational Technology? CHAPTER IV PRESENTATION. Santos Avenue. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 66 Paired sample T. Central Bicutan.Test was used to answer the statement of the problem n0.

Table 2 Student-Teacher (Course) Category BEED BSE-SCI BSE-PE BSE-ENG BSE-MATH Total Frequency 70 40 20 50 20 200 Percent 35 20 10 25 10 100 . Central Bicutan. It means that the Teaching Profession is dominated by females. “Just one of the guys? How Transmen Make Gender Visible at Work” introduces the gender socialization theory highlighting women’s gravitation towards careers that reinforce “feminine” traits such as caring and nurturing. Kristen Schilt’s research titled.5 percent are males. It shows that out of 200 respondents 147 or 73 percent are females and 53 or 26. Santos Avenue. women are taught to put family first and have a flexible schedule even if that means being paid less. 467).5 73.5 100 Table 1 illustrates the gathered data result for the gender of studentteachers. 2006. p.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. which results in their domination of fields such as teaching and nursing (Schilt. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 67 Category Male Female Total Frequency 53 147 200 Percent 26. According to Schilt.

Table 4 Faculty (Age) Category 20-25 years old 26-30 years old 31-35 years old 36-40 years old 41-50 years old 51-55 years old Total Frequency 10 1 2 5 1 3 22 Percent 45. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. followed by BSE-ENG with 50 respondents or 25 percent and BSE-SCI with 40 respondents or 20 percent and the lowest are BSE-PE and BSE-MATH with 20 respondents or 10 percent each.5 4.5 13.5 9. Table 3 Student-Teacher (School) Category DISTRICT 1 DISTRICT 2 Total Frequency 104 96 200 Percent 52 48 100 Table 3 illustrates the gathered data result for the cooperating schools of the 200 respondents and it shows that most of the schools are from the 1st District of Taguig with the result of 104 or 52.1 22. BEED got the highest number of respondents with 70 respondents or 35 percent.6 100 .7 4.0 percent and 96 or 48. TaguigCity 68 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 2 shows the number of students (frequency) from each course that has been used in the study and its' percent.0 percent came from the 2nd District of Taguig. Central Bicutan.

9 percent are males.1 100 Table 5 illustrates the gathered data result for the gender of 22 respondents and it shows that out of 22 respondents 13 or 59.6 percent.7 percent. followed by 31-35 years of age with 5 respondents or 22.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan.5 percent. which might have resulting impacts on the way children perceive authority roles. next is 51-55 years of age with 3 respondents or 13.9 59. Table 5 Faculty (Gender) Category Male Female Total Frequency 9 13 22 Percent 40.1 percent and 1 respondent or 4. According to Kelleher (2011).5 percent each for 26-30 and 41-50 years of age. followed by 31-35 years of age with 2 respondents or 9. the impacts of a feminized teaching force is likely to be a continuation of perceptions surrounding teaching as women’s work.2 18. It also denotes that women represent a significant majority of the teaching workforce.1 percent are females and 9 or 40. TaguigCity 69 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 4 shows that most of the faculty are from 20-25 years of age with 10 respondents or 45. Table 6 Faculty (Academic Rank) Category Instructor Assistant Professor Associate Professor Total Frequency 15 4 3 22 Percent 68. Santos Avenue.2 13.6 100 .

Santos Avenue. one respondent under the percentage of 4.2 percent and the associate professor which has 3 or 13. Table 7 Faculty (Length of Service) Category 1-3 years 4-6 years 10-12 years 16-18 years 22 years above Total Frequency 14 4 1 2 1 22 Percent 63.1 with the length of service of 16-18 years.6 18.5 100 Table 7 illustrates the length of service of the respondents in the institution where they work.1 4.2 4.5 are teaching for 10-12 years and 22 years and above. TaguigCity 70 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 6 illustrates the academic rank of the faculty and it shows that 15 or 68.2 have worked for 4-6 years. However 4 respondents under the percentage of 18.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.5 9. It shows that 14 respondents which constitute 63.6 percent or majority are 1-3 years in service. Central Bicutan. followed by assistant professor which has 4 or 18. Lastly. .2 percent are instructor.6 percent. This table clearly shows that most of the respondents are instructors and said to be the most common faculty member in the institution. While 2 respondents under the percentage of 9.

Central Bicutan.07 AFE 3. therefore.20 2.41 AFUE 3.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Table 8 MEAN INSTRUCTION Indicators ST’s Mean 3.14 AFE .32 VI AFUE 3. uses projector which can be used as chalk/overhead replacement such as lecture notes and slides 1. Santos Avenue. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 71 Most of the faculty has worked for 1-3 years. majority of the faculty in the said institution are newly hired.22 AFE 3. furnishes weekly or monthly computer-related task such as creating multimedia presentations that showcase student’s understanding of important content VI AFE Faculty’s Mean 3. plans and integrates technology-based learning activities that promote student engagement in higher-order thinking skills 3.

13 AFE 3.27 AFUE 5.order thinking skills it gained a mean of 3.41 it which has attained to the fullest extent.76 .00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.20 for studentteachers which has attained to the full extent. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3.22 for student.g.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.3. exploits IT tools in pedagogical situations (e.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.01 AFE 3.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST.32 which has attained to the fullest extent. Central Bicutan. integrates educational technology in teaching that influence human performance 3.07 AFE 3.32 AFUE TOTAL 3.Student-Teachers VI.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. large lecture classes using power point ) 3.27 AFE LEGEND: 3. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 72 4.Verbal Interpretation Table 8 illustrates the perceptions of the respondents of TCU in terms of instruction.1. In planning and integrating technology based learning activities that promote student engagement in higher.00 .51 .18 AFE 6. In using projector which can be used as chalk/overhead replacement such as lecture notes and slides.teachers which .26 . it gained a mean of 3.07 for student. Santos Avenue. In furnishing weekly or monthly computer related tasks such as creating multimedia presentation this question.2.4.19 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty it gained 3.teachers which has attained to the full extent. merges the most current research on teaching and learning when using the computers 3.

This category gained a total mean of 3. It is compatible to the mandate of the Commission on Higher Education which is to establish. In exploiting IT tools in pedagogical situations.27 which has attained to the fullest extent.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.27 which has attained to the fullest extent.18 which has attained to the full extent.(Republic Act no.teacher which has attained to the full extent.teacher has attained to the full extent. 8292). it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 3. and support a complete. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3. maintain.teachers which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 3.29 for student. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society.13 for student. and for the faculty. Table 9 UTILIZATION . Central Bicutan.01 for student. and for the faculty.07 for student.14 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean for 3. In merging the most current research on teaching and learning. Santos Avenue. and for the faculty.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.teacher which has attained to the full extent. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 73 has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. In integrating educational technology in teaching that influence human performance.

00 .00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.1.51 .36 AFUE 2.09 AFE TOTAL 2. utilizes the appropriate computerdriven technologies to enhance teaching-learning process 6. .23 AFE 2. it gained a mean of 3. Central Bicutan.teacher which has attained to the full extent.32 AFUE 2. it gained a mean of 3.4.59 AFE 3. applies current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning the learning environment 3.67 for studentteacher which has attained to the full extent.23 AFE 2.24 AFE LEGEND: 3.55 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 2. employs the effectiveness of realia and model displays as enables of teaching-learning process 2.76 . Santos Avenue.75 AFE 3. and for the faculty. provides experience for actual use of educational technology in teaching 5.75 for student.67 AFE 3.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.36 which has attained to the fullest extent.26 .25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.Verbal Interpretation Table 9 illustrates the perception of the respondents of TCU in terms of utilization.66 AFE 3.67 AFE 3. In applying current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning the learning environment.23 AFE 2.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST. incorporates educational technology to improve the presentation of work 2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 74 Indicators ST’s Mean VI Faculty ’s Mean VI 1.2.65 AFE 3. uses technology in support of the development and delivery of instruction 4.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. In incorporating educational technology to improve the presentation of work. and for the faculty. it gained a mean of 2.Student-Teachers VI.3.23 which has attained to the full extent.

teacher is 2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 75 In using technology in support of the development and delivery of instruction.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The total mean for student.67 for the student. it gained a mean of 2. In employing the effectiveness of realia and model displays as enables of teaching-learning process. and for the faculty.24 which has the same verbal interpretation of attained to the full extent.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.66. In utilizing the appropriate computer-driven technologies to enhance teaching-learning process.23 which has attained to the full extent. Central Bicutan.teacher attained to the full extent. and for the faculty. In providing experience for actual use of educational technology in teaching.23 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. Santos Avenue. and for the faculty. Table 10 MASTERY . it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty. it gained a mean of 3.59 for student.teacher attained to the full extent.65 for student. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3.teacher attained to the full extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 2.55 for student.09 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 2. it gained a mean of 2.

In demonstrating skill in selecting and using websites as source of teaching-learning process.1.67 AFE 3.27 AFUE TOTAL 2.Verbal Interpretation Table 10 illustrates the perception of the respondents in TCU in terms of mastery.teacher which . skills and understanding of concept related to technology 5.27 AFUE 2. identifies the different types of educational technology for the integration of learning 6.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST.80 AFE 3.32 AFUE 2.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.32 which has attained to the fullest extent. provides the best opportunity on appropriate use of instructional materials 2.4.26 .67 for student.3. and for the faculty.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.23 AFE 2. it gained a mean of 2. it gained a mean of 2.00 . it gained a mean of 3. participates in seminar related to educational technology to sharpen knowledge 2.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.70 for student.27 AFUE LEGEND: 3. Santos Avenue.73 AFE 3. In participating in seminar related to educational technology to sharpen knowledge. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 76 Indicators ST’s Mean VI Faculty’s Mean VI 1.36 AFUE 2.Student-Teachers VI.76 .65 AFE 3.teacher which has attained to the full extent.51 .demonstrates skill in selecting and using websites as source of teaching-learning process 3.77 AFE 3.2.70 AFE 3.81 AFE 3.18 AFE 2. establishes introductory knowledge. administers video/power point presentation on the appropriate use of relevant instructional materials 4.

it gained a mean of 2.teacherwhich has attained to the full extent. skills and understanding of concept related to technology.27 which has attained to the fullest extent.27 which has attained to the fullest extent. it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty. and a mean of 3. the mean is 3. In providing the best opportunity on appropriate use of instructional materials. The total mean for the category is 2.81 for the student.80 for the student.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.73 for student teacher which has attained to the full extent.23 for the faculty which has attained to the full extent. In establishing introductory knowledge.27 for the faculty which has attained to the fullest extent. and 3.teacher which hasattained to the full extent.36 for the faculty which has attained to the fullest extent.77 for the student. and for the faculty. Central Bicutan. and 3. it gained a mean of 2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 77 has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 2. it gained a mean of 2. Santos Avenue.65 for the student teacher which has attained to the full extent. In identifying the different types of educational technology for the integration of learning.teacher attained to the full extent.18 for the faculty which has attained to the full extent. In administering video/power point presentation on the appropriate use of relevant instructional materials. Table 11 . and a mean of 3.

a standard deviation of 0.38 which has attained to the full extent.46 AFUE LEGEND: 3.3. a standard deviation of 0.27 0.26 .Weighted Mean VI.66.66 0. Mastery 2. Instruction 3. and the faculty has .48 AFE 3. the student.27.00 .75 = Not Attained (NA) WM. Santos Avenue. In instruction.48 which has attained to the full extent.76 .Verbal Interpretation SD.13. utilization and mastery.teachers has a weighted mean of 2.84 0.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.45 AFUE Overall Mean 2.35 AFE 3.40 AFE 3. a standard deviation of 0.51 . the student.teachers has a weighted mean of 3.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 78 Extent of Integration Educational Technology Student-Teacher Faculty WM SD VI WM SD VI 1. Utilization 2.13 0.1.44 which has attained to the fullest extent.2. Central Bicutan.4.27 0.24 0.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3.Standard Deviation Table 11 illustrates the integration of educational technology in terms of instruction. In utilization.26 0.48 AFE 3.44 AFUE 2.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.73 0.38 AFE 3.

518 0.516 Accept Mastery 0. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 79 a weighted mean of 3. 45 which has a attained to the fullest extent.teachers has a weighted mean of 2. Central Bicutan. the student.26.27.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. a standard deviation of 0.84.24. Santos Avenue.725 Accept Utilization 0. a standard deviation of 0. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3.472 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference .424 0.124 0. The student-teachers has a total weighted mean of 2.40 which has attained to the full extent. Table 12 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of Gender Indicators F-value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0. a standard deviation of 0.35 which has attained to the full extent.73.48 which has attained to the full extent. In mastery.46 which has attained to the fullest extent. a standard deviation of 0. a standard deviation of 0.

In the last indicator which is the mastery.040 Reject Utilization 1.040 which has significant difference because according to the decision rule less than 0. 472 which has no significant difference. it has a significant value of 0.107 Accept Mastery 0. it has a significant value of 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. the significant value is 0.516 which has no significant difference. In utilization. Santos Avenue. the significant value is 0.890 0. Central Bicutan. In utilization. Table 14 . the significant value is 0. Table 13 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of Course Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 2.teachers’ profile in terms of course.471 Accept With significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 13 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of student.107which has no significant difference.928 0. In instruction.teachers’ profile in terms of gender.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 80 Table 12 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational technology of student. In instruction. 471 which has is no significant difference.05 is said to be reject meaning there is a significant difference. the significant value is 0.566 0.725 which has no significant difference.

the significant value is 0.249 0. In instruction.657 Accept Utilization 0.477 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant .864 0. it has a significant value of 0. Central Bicutan.665 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 14 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of student.200 0.092 which has no significant difference. Santos Avenue.teachers’ profile in terms of school. In the last indicator which is the mastery.948 0. Table 15 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Age Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.065 Accept Mastery 0.663 0.934 Accept Mastery 0. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 81 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of School Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 2.437 0.065 which has no significant difference. the significant value is 0.665 which has no significant difference. In utilization.092 Accept Utilization 3.

644 which has no significant difference.657 which has no significant difference. In utilization. In instruction. In utilization.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.666 0. the significant value is 0. Santos Avenue. it has a significant value of 0.934 which has no significant difference. In the last indicator which is the mastery. In instruction.644 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 16 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of gender.220 0. Central Bicutan. the significant value is 0. . the significant value is 0.99 0.424 Accept Mastery 0.756 Accept Utilization 0. Table 16 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Gender Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.424 which has no significant difference.756 which has no significant difference. the significant value is 0. 477 which has no significant difference. it has a significant value of 0. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 82 difference Table 15 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of age. In the last indicator which is the mastery.

370 0.286 Accept Utilization 1.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. the significant value is 0.189 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference . the significant value is 0.793 Accept Utilization 0.483 0. In instruction.624 which has no significant difference. In utilization. it has a significant value of 0.793 which has no significant difference.286 Accept Mastery 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 83 Table 17 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Academic Rank Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.840 which has no significant difference.234 0.624 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 17 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of academic rank. In the last indicator which is the mastery.735 0. Central Bicutan. Table 18 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Length of Service Indicators Frequency Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 1.840 Accept Mastery 0.370 0. Santos Avenue.176 0.

410 0. Santos Avenue.909 3. In instruction.286 which has no significant difference.Teachers and Faculty on the extent of Integration of Educational Technology Extent of Integration of Educational Technology Student-Teacher & Faculty T-test Instruction 1.003 Decision Remarks Accept Reject Reject Not Significant Significant Significant Table 19 illustrates the result of findings on the perception of student-teachers and faculty on the extent of integration of Educational Technology Paired Sample T-test is used to find the result of this study and it shown in the table that in the first indicator which was the Instruction.509 which has a significant value of 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. In utilization.146 Utilization Mastery 3. Central Bicutan.001 0.146.509 Significan t Value 0.286 which has no significant difference. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 84 Table 18 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of length of service. the T-test value was 1. meaning the first indicator was not .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Table 19 Perception of Student.189 which has no significant difference. the significant value is 0. it has a significant value of 0. the significant value is 0.

FINDINGS. This result only proved that there was a difference between the mastery of teachers and student-teachers in the used of educational technologies in the classroom.410 and the significant value is 0. the T-test value was 3.003 which has a significant difference. TaguigCity 85 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION significant because the significant value is greater than 0.001 which has significant difference because the value of significance was less than 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.05. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Preceding chapters presented the problem of the study. reviewed . the T-test value is 3. In the second indicator which was the Utilization.05 and the decision was accept.909 with significant value of 0. Santos Avenue. therefore the decision was reject. Central Bicutan. In last indicator which was the Mastery. CHAPTER V SUMMARY. It only proved that there was a difference between the assessments of respondents when it comes to utilization of educational technologies in the classroom.

out lined the methodology. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 86 the related literature. The significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teachers and faculty.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. utilization and mastery. the researchers sought to answer the following: The profile of the respondents in terms of student-teachers: their gender. Santos Avenue. and set off the findings.teachers out of 371 total population of fourth year.teacher in the CED at TCU as basis for instructional innovation. and 22 faculty of the College of Education in Taguig . The extent of integration of educational technology as assessed by the group of respondents classified as to: instruction. and length of service. The respondents used in the study were 200 student. Summary This study assessed the extent of Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student. Central Bicutan. draws conclusions and made recommendations. This chapter summarized the findings of the study. The significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the integration when grouped according to their profile. course and cooperating school while in terms of faculty: their age. academic rank. Specifically. gender.

the Researchers found out the following findings: The profile of the respondents: 1. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. This study used the descriptive research design of McNabb (2009) for it reveals the summary statistics by showing responses to all possible questionnaire items. both 20 student-teachers in Physical Education and Mathematics majors. Student-Teacher . and the researcher used 5% (e) as margin of errors to assumed that out of 100% there is a 5% errors on the possible result of this study.teachers in Bachelor of Elementary Education and 130 student-teachers in Bachelor in Secondary Education: 40 student. This design is also applicable for the study because it explored and determined the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teachers at Taguig City University. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 87 City University. It involved 70 student. 50 student-teachers in English major. Findings Subsequent to the computation of each variable used in the study. this research design interpreted a “what it is” approach and described the nature of the situation as it existed in the study. In fact. to be distributed in all majors to get their aimed percentages.teachers in Science major. the Slovin’s formula was used to get the sample out of the population of the fourth year students in the College Of Education at Taguig City University. Computation results to 192 respondents (n). The population of all the fourth year students is 371 (N). In order to get the target respondents of the researchers.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

88

Most of the respondents were female with the frequency of 147 and a
corresponding percent of 73.5.
Most of the respondents came from the Bachelor in Elementary Education
with the frequency of 70 and a corresponding percent of 35.
Most of the respondents were assigned to the different schools of the first
district of Taguig with the frequency of 104 and a corresponding percent of 52.
2. Faculty
Most of the respondents range from the age bracket of 20-25 years of age
with a frequency of 10 and a corresponding percent of 45.5.
Most of the respondents were female with a frequency of 14 and a
corresponding percent of 63.6.
Most of the respondents were rank as Instructor with a frequency of 15 with
a corresponding percent of 68.2.
Most of the respondents were range from 1-3 years of teaching experience
with a frequency of 14 and a corresponding percent of 63.6.

The extent of integration of educational technology as assessed by the
grouped respondents.
Instruction
Most of the respondents have the highest weighted mean in the second
indicator of instruction (plans and integrates technology-based learning activities
that promote student engagement in higher-order thinking skills) with weighted

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

89

mean of 3.22 for the student-teachers response and a verbal interpretation of
attained to the full extent while 3.41 weighted mean for faculty and a verbal
interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
Utilization
Most of the student-teachers respondents have the highest weighted mean
in the first indicator of utilization (incorporates educational technology to improve
the presentation of work) with weighted mean of 2.75 and a verbal interpretation
of attained to the full extent while 3.36 weighted mean for faculty in the second
indicator of utilization (applies current research on teaching and learning with
technology when planning the learning environment)
and a verbal interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
Mastery
Most of the student-teachers respondents have the highest weighted mean in
the fifth indicator of mastery (identifies the different types of educational
technology for the integration of learning)
with weighted mean of 2.81 and a verbal interpretation of attained to the full
extent while 3.36 weighted mean for faculty in the fourth indicator of mastery
(establishes introductory knowledge, skills and understanding of concept related
to technology) and a verbal interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
The difference between the assessments of the respondents on the
integration when grouped according to their profile.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

90

Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their gender have
the highest significant value in the first indicator which is the instruction the value
of significance 0.725, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference.
Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their course have
the highest significant value in the third indicator which is the mastery the
value of significance 0.471, the decision is accept and the remarks is no
significant difference.
Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their school have
the highest significant value in the third indicator which is the mastery the
value of significance 0.665, the decision is accept and the remarks is no
significant difference.
Most of the faculty when grouped according to their age have the highest
significant value in the second indicator which is the utilization the value of
significance 0.934, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference

Most of the faculty when grouped according to their gender have the
highest significant value in the first indicator which is the instruction the value
of significance 0.756, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference.

146. . Central Bicutan.001 in utilization and 0. The decision is to accept the null hypothesis.003 in mastery.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.840. The findings of researchers in the first indicator which is the instruction there is no significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology between student-teachers and faculty because the significant value is 0. TaguigCity 91 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Most of the faculty when grouped according to their academic rank have the highest significant value in the second indicator which is the utilization the value of significance 0. the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant difference Most of the faculty when grouped according to their length of service have the highest significant value in the first and second indicator which is the instruction and utilization the value of significance 0. In the second and third indicators which are the utilization and mastery there is a significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology between student-teachers and faculty because the value of significance is 0. The decision is to reject the null hypothesis. Santos Avenue.286. the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant difference The difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teacher and faculty.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 92 Conclusion Based on the findings of the study the following conclusions were drawn: Most of the respondents from student. Philippine Government. Santos Avenue. Most of the schools assigned have a big percentage in the first district of Taguig with almost fifty-two percent. When it comes to the faculty most of the respondents range from age bracket of twenty to twenty-five years of age and still in terms of gender female respondents were dominated in the study. In terms of academic rank Instructors were dominated the study and for the length of service one to three years of teaching experience were mostly observed. (Senate Bill 297) which mandates the government sufficient funding for providing web facilities in public . Most of the respondents when grouped according to their profile have no significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology. There is a significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teachers and faculty.teachers were female with almost seventyfive percent in number and in terms of course the Bachelor in Elementary Education got the highest percentage with almost thirty-five percent of the respondents. the following recommendations are hereby proposed: 1. Central Bicutan. Recommendations Based from the findings and conclusions formulated in this research study.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. They should pass the bill proposed by Senator Cynthia Villiar.

1922) which establish educational technology clearinghouses to facilitate the donation of surplus equipment and technology to schools and libraries from governmental. also pass the bill proposed by Senator Estrada (Senate Bill No. Santos Avenue. With this. both public and private. as the same shall be included in the General Appropriation Acts. City government of Taguig may ask for donation of equipment and technologies from Department of Science and Technology if the said city is currently travailing monetary deficiency. research. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 93 schools. and other private institutions. Taguig City University. 1468) which encourage private participation by granting a tax incentive for every donation of information technology equipment to our educational institutions. it must.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. they should also pass the bill proposed by Senator Santiago (Senate Bill No. . it is expected that our public schools will produce quality and computer-literate graduates. Moreover. Other Higher Educational Institutions. therefore. and extension. Central Bicutan. They should strengthen and develop partnerships among the stakeholders in teacher preparation to . due to low numbers of students who have access to computers. business. It should establish web facilities that are crucial in instruction. Since the State cannot provide for all of them alone.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 94 transform education and ensure technology rich learning environments. DepEd. but also to improve teaching.Through this. Student-Teachers. Central Bicutan. the government can not only promote the development of this technology but also encourage private sector participation. In addition. They should immerse technology in the educational environment not only to influences many facets of students’ academic learning. Students Teacher should maximize the use of Educational technology because in teaching with technology it can deepen .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. students who were engaged and participated through the use of technology in classroom demonstrates greater content mastery. They should promote the integration of ICT in the Philippine Educational System to improve the skills of students in Educational Technology.This will happen if CHED will be obliged to work with different private institutions to accelerate the development of technology to assist and improve the methods of teaching and our education system in general. DepEd should fully supports the continuous improvement of its teaching personnel based on the principle of lifelong learning and further advances in delivery of 21st century skills to all Filipino learners. Santos Avenue. By providing grants to eligible consortia. teachers who use technology in a dynamic way hold their students’ attention. For example. Teachers.

The CTL is here to help you (novice. integrating those tools can itself be a challenge albeit an eye-opening experience. it can be challenging to select the “best” tech tools while not losing sight of your goals for student learning. the giver of all knowledge and wisdom and the source of strength. TaguigCity 95 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION student learning by supporting instructional objectives.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. Once identified. courage and guidance to successfully finish this research study. However. Central Bicutan. . expert and everyone in between) find creative and constructive ways to integrate technology into your class DEDICATION This research is dedicated to the Almighty God.

Santos Avenue. To the City Government of Taguig. And To all Students. may this research become beneficial towards societal advancement. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 96 To the researchers beloved Parents. who continue to extend their loving support in all aspects of academic studies especially in helping this research possible.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. who guide this research in Science Education. Central Bicutan. may this research serve as a guide to help them finish their research in the near future. To all the Teachers/Professors. .

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