Republic of the Philippines

City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

1

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
“Equipping schools with technology is no longer a luxury, it is a necessity. It
is a central component of preparing students for the 21st century. “
In the progression of computers in 1950’s up to the present time,
technology had been continuously developing in the past decades, and had
played many roles in the lives of people. Computer knowledge has now evolved
from a fad to an absolute necessity in the real world. The former Department of
Education Secretary Armin Luistro stated that “It’s not enough that we merely
continue building classrooms and utilities. The real revolution in education which
has long-term effects can only be done through technology.” On the 26 th Annual
Convention of the Philippine Association for Teachers Education, Representative
Egmidio S. Tanjuatco Jr. stated that the youth will most likely depend on the
educators for the knowledge, expertise, and skills that will constitute to globally
competitive Filipinos. In today’s educational setting, teachers must be prepared to
facilitate and guide the use of these tools, and today’s workplace demands
expertise in these various technologies in order to compete in a 21st century
workplace (MacArthur Foundation, 2008).

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
2

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

The Philippines along with other developing countries in Asia, Africa, and
South America are generally interested in educational technology, particularly in
the use of computers, hoping that their educational systems reap the pedagogical
benefits associated with it. The 1987 Philippine Constitution, Article XIV, Section
1, provides that the State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to
quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such
education accessible to all. This study puts into implementation the basic law of
the land, thus that the State shall "establish, maintain, and support a complete,
adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the people and society."
(Sec. 2 [I], Art XIV, 1987 Constitution). Whereas, in this era of advanced science,
more and more countries rely on the usefulness of computer technology in their
respective developmental pursuits. Considering these changing times towards the
advancement of science and technology, there is an imperative need for us to
meet and adapt to these demands. With the Local Government Code of 1991, a
large portion of the functions of the national government such as education was
transferred to the local government; and local colleges and universities were
established and are being run by the local government units. They can develop
computer-based administrative systems for local governance operation in their
respective colleges and universities. It is therefore worth knowing how technology,

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
3

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

through the integration of educational technology helps in making the teachinglearning more self-reliant, empowered, and participatory in Taguig City University.
This study prompted the researchers to deeply analyze the extent of
integration of Educational Technology in Taguig City University that will bolster the
university in promoting quality education which the university offers through
instruction, utilization and mastery. The Researchers believed that the quality
education must be provided by the government to all citizens, and must likewise
put in place a system of education geared towards a path that leads to more
valuable and meaningful services through interoperability and maximization of
resources. There should be proper use of information and communication
technology in school administrations combined with an organizational change and
new skills in order to improve the teaching-learning process. Whereas, in this era
of 21st century, more and more countries rely on the usefulness of educational
technology in their respective developmental pursuit. Considering these changing
times, there is an imperative need for us to cope with the advancement in the 21 st
century learning, for a lifelong professional preparedness and development of
students, as well as the teachers.

e. most existing literatures focus into the application and effectiveness of Educational Technology in the local and foreign scenes. e. e. i.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.. exists in many forms. First large scale usage of new technologies can be traced to US WWII training of soldiers through training films and other mediated materials.. based on the idea that people can learn contents trough aural and visual reception. but only few research studies were found that take a holistic viewpoint of the status in the educational institutions.g. streaming audio and video. this study focused on the Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the studentteachers of the College of Education (CED) in Taguig City University. this study identified the Integration of Educational Technology by the studentteachers of CED in terms of instruction. Santos Avenue. PowerPoint presentations + voiceover. utilization and mastery..g. V. Central Bicutan.Specifically. Educational technology in a way could be traced back to the emergence of very early tools. Today. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 4 Background of the Study In terms of prior research of Educational Technology. Therefore. paintings on cave walls. presentation-based technology. Frequently based on . Another interesting invention of the 1940's was hypertext. The 1980's and 1990's produced a variety of schools that can be put under the umbrella of the label Computer-based learning (CBL). Bush's memex.

a return of a type of simulations through serious gaming and a technical trend towards delivery with HTML5 (as opposed to proprietary solutions). Researchers also found out . and how does it affects the teaching and learning process in the 21st century. The researchers thought of the concept on why educational technology was commonly used by the teachers now a days. Some literature uses the concept of integrated learning to describe blended learning scenarios that integrate both school and authentic (e. communication and multimedia have dominated the role of technology in the classroom for the past few years. The 2010's include MOOCs. The 2000's emergence of multiple mobile and ubiquitous technologies gave a new impulse to situated learning theories favoring learning-in- context scenarios. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 5 constructivist and cognitivist learning theories. workplace) settings. simulations (computer environments where learner can play with parameters of dynamic systems) and hypertext. Santos Avenue.g. a consolidation of rapid elearning in business.. With the eruption of the “internet” in the mid 90’s. these environments focused on teaching both abstract and domain-specific problem solving.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. Preferred technologies were micro-worlds (computer environments were learners could explore and build).

and Internet applications. can help students better understand the more meaningful portions of a text and develop the skill to edit down material for easier recall in the future. Santos Avenue. hardware. For instance. (2007) which describes how students can better understand new material being presented by incorporating technology into their note-taking processes. The researchers also considered the Cognitive learning theory of Pitler. This study was based on the Instructional Theory of Bloom (1956) which states that there are systems used in the process of improving human ability such as software. et al.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Theoretical Framework This study was founded on two theoretical anchors such as Instructional Theory and Cognitive Learning Theory. These systems will also offers explicit guidance on how to better help people learn and develop. students using word-processing software such as Microsoft Word to track changes made on a particular written passage to be better able to summarize the material. This type of technological use. particularly if it is done in large-group and then small-group or individual settings. TaguigCity 6 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION how effective the schools in governing their faculties by means of strengthening their instructional innovation through the use of technology. . Central Bicutan.

oneway Anova and paired sample Ttest. Central Bicutan. OUTPUT  Proposed Innovations in instruction. utilization and mastery of integration of Educational Technology by the grouped respondents. which was the core of this study.  Statistical data using mean. . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 7 Conceptual Framework The issues to be addressed were relative to modern and global technological needs of the students and teachers that should include Integration of Educational Technology.  Described analysis in the instruction. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. INPUT Profile of the group respondents in terms of:  Age  Gender  Course  Cooperating School  Academic rank  Length of service Extent of Integration of Educational Technology in terms of:  Instruction  Utilization  Mastery PROCESS  Data gathering through survey questionnaire.

1. utilization.3 cooperating school? 1. .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.2 course. and mastery.1 gender.1.1.2 gender.2.2.2 Faculty 1. 1.teacher in the CED at TCU as basis for instructional innovation. based on the perceptions of the student-teachers and faculty of the respondent school. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1. and 1. Specifically. the researchers sought to answer the following: 1.1 Student-Teacher 1. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan.1 age. The aforementioned variables assumed to affect in the proposed instructional innovation in Taguig City University. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 8 This study focused on the relationship between the grouped respondents in terms of profile and extent of integration in instruction. 1. Statement of the Problem This study assessed the extent of Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student.

2.4 length of service? 2.2. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. There is no significant difference between the assessment of the respondents and their profile variables. Based on the findings of this study. Is there a significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teacher and faculty? 5. Central Bicutan. What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology as assessed by the grouped respondents classified as to: 2.2.1 instruction.2 utilization. and 2. what innovations in instructions can be proposed? Hypotheses The researchers hypothesized that: 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 9 1. 2. Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the integration when grouped according to their profile? 4.3 mastery? 3. . and 1. There is no significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology between the grouped respondents.3 academic rank.

CHED. . The focus of the study as far as the Educational Technology was concern includes the instruction. Thus. Higher Educational Institutions. schools that apply the recommended approach derived from the results of this study will be able to train students better because of a better instructional innovations. DepEd. TaguigCity 10 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Scope and Delimitations The study assessed the extent of integration of Educational Technology in Taguig City University as perceived by the faculty and student-teachers. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. Significance of the Study The findings of this study were beneficial to the Philippine Government.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The great demand for student-teachers graduated with Educational Technology background justify the need for more effective life-changing teaching approaches. Curriculum planners. The study was limited to 200 student-teachers and 22 faculty in the College of Education in Taguig City University. StudentTeachers. and future researchers considering that Educational Technology plays an important role in academic institutions now a days. utilization and mastery of the said respondents. .

This study was very relevant with the agenda of CHED to institutionalize the acceleration of an online web linking institutions of higher learning and other knowledge based agencies in the Philippines and abroad. The result of the study gave an information to Higher Educational Institutions in National Capital Region to identify their strengths and weaknesses through the perceptions and scale given by web . TaguigCity 11 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Philippine Government. Central Bicutan. Higher Educational Institutions. The result of this research will give an appraisal for CHED to monitor and determine as to whether the utilization of online web and educational technology in Higher Educational Institutions in National Capital Regions has been implemented. This may motivate the CHED as stated by Hulipaz (2002) in her study to urgently implement its strategic plan for quality excellence in human resource development where Internet and online web is an integral part. that is to secure the Philippines position as a knowledgecenter in the Asia-Pacific region and to promote the country in the international academic landscape. CHED. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. the Commission on Higher Education had set goals for 1998-2005. in fact in the government has directed different agencies like the CHED and Deped in promoting ICT in order to accelerate its contribution to the development of the national economy. In fulfilment to this. This study was very significant.

Central Bicutan. teachers and students in Educational Technology and utilization in their school and to further improve and develop their strong points and make up for their weaknesses. Curriculum Planners. Students benefited in using the Educational Technology in their practice teaching and chosen profession. This will also serve as a pattern in the information of guidelines not only in National Capital Region but also in entire Philippines in general. The department of education takes to heart the development of teaches’ potential aimed towards their professional success. DepEd. Deped fully supports the continuous improvement of its teaching personnel based on the principle of lifelong learning and further advances the delivery of 21 st century skills to all Filipino learners. The improvement of Educational Technology and utilization in their schools will generate instructional innovations . Student-Teachers. TaguigCity 12 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION administrators. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and to enhance the school curriculum that is match or fit to the need of the community and the industry were the newly graduates may employ. Through this. while also promoting the integration of ICT in the public school system. Curriculum planners made also take this opportunity to realize the importance of technology innovation and integration of technology such as the integration of Educational Technology as a whole.

Santos Avenue. AECT. (Encyclopedia Encarta. Future Researchers. 2009) Higher Educational Institutions are the state universities and colleges in National Capital Region under the supervision of Commission on Higher Education that are connected or linked to the web or the net from which the respondent schools were taken. Faculty are not limited to engineering faculty only but all the faculty in respondent schools regardless of their specialization. Definition of Terms Computer is an electronic device that accepts. .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2004 Faculty refers to the whole teaching personnel of the respondent schools. 2004) Educational Technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by cheating. stores and outputs data at high speeds according to programmed instruction. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 13 brought about by the recommendations of this study. This would be helpful for the future researchers in making a follow-up study with the same concept or variables. Central Bicutan. June 1. processes. (Paragas. using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources.

and lessons through the school website and suggesting supplemental materials available in the web. (Merriam Webster Dictionary) Student-Teacher is a college. Central Bicutan. it is a part of educational technology. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 14 Instruction in this study refers to teachers used of the web as a tool presenting their lessons in their major and minor subjects. Like instructional technology.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. which in turn is a part of educational technology. (Wikipedia) Technology Integration means using “learning technologies to introduce. Utilization means the use of something. 2009) Mastery is a knowledge and skill that allows you to do. assignments. (Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary) .” (Williams. use. Santos Avenue. reinforce. posting problems. (Paragas. 2000). Technology integration is part and parcel of instructional technology. or understand something very well. supplement and extend skills. university or graduate student who is teaching under the supervision of a certified teacher in order to qualify for a degree in education. ed.

(Commission on Higher Education) is attached to the Office of the President for administrative purposes. Each HTML tag describes different document content.(Department of Education) is the executive department of Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to. HTML documents are described by HTML tags. ICT. CHED. It covers both public and private higher education institutions as well as degree-granting programs in all post-secondary educational institutions in the country. HTML. While this can refer to the use of computers in a classroom.(Hyper Text Mark-up Language) is a mark-up language for describing web documents (web pages).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.(Information and Communications Technology) is an umbrella term that . DepEd. TaguigCity 15 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Acronyms CBL.(College of Education) is an Institution were the student-teachers are trained. Santos Avenue. and improving the quality of basic education. the term more broadly refers to a structured environment in which computers are used for teaching purposes CED. Central Bicutan. promoting equity in.(Computer Based Learning) refers to the use of computers as a key component of the educational environment. A mark-up language is a set of mark-up tags.

1945. encompassing: radio. 1945.United Sates World War II. 1939. as well as the various services and applications associated with them. TaguigCity 16 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION includes any communication device or application. Santos Avenue. satellite systems and so on. computer and network hardware and software. US WWII. television. the war between the Axis and the Allies. Central Bicutan. cellular phones. and of Japan on August 14. MOOC-(Massive Open Online Course) a course of study made available over the Internet without charge to a very large number of people. such as videoconferencing and distance learning. with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8. beginning on September 1. .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

Central Bicutan. quality remains a challenge. Recognizing that technology alone does not enhance learning. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 17 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter was the presentation of literature and studies of foreign and local which may directly or indirectly have bearing to study at hand. but as yet relatively few program evaluations focus on adequately capturing improvements in . This issue is also reflected in educational technology programs. how communities are developed and how outcomes are measured. And while the Millennium Development Goals prompted improvements in access to education. Santos Avenue. how teachers are supported. evaluations must also consider how programs are designed and implemented. Relevance to present study will give a big picture why these literature and studies from foreign and local were used. Educational Technology As for White (2014). Reports of programs that move beyond access to technology (both in program design and evaluation) are emerging.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. educational technology was defined as the use of digital or electronic technologies and materials to support teaching and learning.

Their purpose is to supplement learning material. This development has radically changed the landscape of educational technology which has been made available for use of teachers and students in schools. These enablers of learning take on certain classifications. Educational Technology for teaching and learning includes a wide range of enablers or facilitators of teaching and student learning. it behooves the teacher not only to gather as many instructional materials as he can for his use. posters and charts. . Print materials include those which are printed. On the other hand. As claimed by Brawner. the main idea of which is look at education technology as enhancing educational objectives. Thus. Santos Avenue. to help in concretizing abstract ideas for better student understanding.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. In fact. These include print media like books. knowledge of technology is one of the 21 st century skills identified as important to be developed among learners. but more importantly to develop the skill in making sure that the use of these materials will optimize student learn. the non-print materials include the likes of models. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 18 the teaching and learning process or measuring improvements in learning outcomes. The past few years saw the onset of the use of computers in the classroom. vocational tools and media. drawn or illustrated. laboratory equipment. Central Bicutan.

supplementing and extending the knowledge and skills to learners so that they can become exemplary users of educational technology. exploring and discussing up-to-date theoretical research and applications. also professional teachers who may wish to update their knowledge of educational technology. reinforcing. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. The related theories not only cover those mainstream and influential ones. Cognitivism. Script Theory. Constructivism. such Behaviorism.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Situated Cognition and Symbol Systems Theory. Experiential Learning Theory. Diffusion of Innovations. it is our goal that this course can help our target learners to weave technology in teaching with software (computer programmed learning materials) becoming a natural extension of their learning tools. The . Educational technology is a fast-growing and increasingly developed subject in education during the past 50 years. The application is mainly to discuss the related theories and research in educational technology and pedagogy of DL instruction through blackboard. and Multiple Intelligence. Mainly directed to student teachers. This presentation is reviewing various educational technology related theories. TaguigCity 19 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Educational Technology is concerned with “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning. The focus of the development of its theories and research is oriented into the methods and effectiveness of its implementation. Cognitive Flexibility.” Specifically this is focused on introducing. Elaboration Theory. but also include those extended and popular theories: Anchored Instruction.

resources and high order thinking skills have entered classroom and schools worldwide.al. Technologies as link to new knowledge. However. the course aims to infuse technology in the student-teachers training. TaguigCity 20 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION pedagogy of DL instruction includes the course designing. survey data suggest that technology remains poorly integrated into schools despite massive acquisition of hardware. module delivery and objective-oriented assessment strategies. CD-ROMS. Because of its limitations. The use of technology in the classroom has never been underscored than now. Thus. More than thirty years ago. Personal computers.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. educationist began exploring the use of technology that supports model of teaching that emphasizes learning with understanding and more active involvement. Bilbao. 2014) In essence. the World Wide Web and other innovative technologies have enriched curricula and altered the types of teaching available in the classroom. helping them to adapt and meet rapid and continuing technological changes. Some observations indicate that the most frequent use of computers is for drill-and-skill practice that supplements existing curricula and instructional practices. (Lucido. the dominant model of teaching was directed instruction or lecture in which students memorized facts. Schools access to technology is increasing steadily every day and most of these newer technologies are now even used in traditional classrooms. particularly in the thriving global information and communication technology (ICT) environment. online services. 2007) According to LLagas. a decision to use technology to go beyond facts-based . (Ouyang. Santos Avenue. and et. Central Bicutan.

To help judge the quality of engagement. contextualized and collective. we extend existing engagement frameworks.. However. The results suggest that the quality of behavioral and social engagement differentiated groups demonstrating low quality engagement. in part due to the narrowness of engagement measures. Santos Avenue. dynamic. cognitive and conceptual-to-consequential forms). which have studied this construct as a stable and decontextualized individual difference. the researchers differentiate low and high quality collaborative engagement through a close qualitative analysis of two groups.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Using the newly developed observational measure. social. Central Bicutan. The researchers conceptualize engagement as multi-faceted (including behavioral. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 21 memorization-oriented curricula to a curricula in which learning with understanding is emphasized was embraced when to use technology. Here. the researchers have limited understanding of the quality of engagement fostered in these contexts. and for what purpose cannot be isolated from theories of teaching and learning that support learning with understanding. the researchers explore the interrelationships among engagement facets and how these relations unfolded over the course of group activity during a lesson. computer-supported collaborative learning environments provide opportunities for students to collaborate in inquiry-based practices to solve authentic problems. et al. the researchers examine the variation of engagement quality for ten groups. Subsequently. According to Rogat. what technology to use. but cognitive and conceptual-to-consequential forms are . using technological tools as a resource.

We can communicate instantaneously with our loved ones who lived abroad. among others. Information Communications Technology According to Lumioan. “Since we already have the rears to bridge the gap. These findings indicate the benefits of studying engagement as a multi-faceted phenomenon and extending existing conceptions to include consequential engagement. Central Bicutan. study or work from the comforts of our home. which then facilitated consequential engagement. Technology will help end discrimination completely. engagement is evidenced as highly interrelated and mutually influencing interactions among all four engagement facets. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 22 required for explaining high quality engagement. Here. Santos Avenue. Examinations of interrelations indicate that behavioral and social engagement fostered high quality cognitive engagement. breakthroughs in the field of ICT (Information Communications Technology) have definitely changed the way we live. and connect anyone via social networking. shop or pay bills online. with implications for designing technologies that scaffold high quality cognitive and conceptual-toconsequential engagement in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment. But for some people. the impact of ICT in their lives is life-changing. do business with anyone from any part of the world.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.” . we can better asserts and exercise our right to education and our right to equal opportunity.

Prieto and Carreon. the importance of the teacher’s role in planning. However. if the teacher wants to emphasize higher-order skills methods as simulations. problem-solving and cooperative learning will be employed for learners to experience and solve real-world problems. make decisions and solve complex real-world problems.increasing demand on education to help all learners acquire higher-level skills that allow them to more readily analyze. assemble.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. analyze and communicate information in more detail at a much faster pace than on ever before. There are various techniques. These increased demands dictate changes in the way teachers interact with students. “Today we live in an age of lightning-fast information transfer. Moreover. methods and technologies for helping learners acquire new knowledge. At times the teacher engages the students in lower-level role learning using drill and practice techniques for basic level learning. you will notice a shift in which the learning experience is carried out. Instead of the teacher total control and manipulation. these changes must be grounded in an understanding of how a diverse population of individuals learns. Santos Avenue. Technology has allowed individuals to obtain. discovery. factual level to begin to think critically and creatively. implementation and self-evaluation will be emphasized.” According to Bruer (1993). TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 23 As stated by Vega. In these cases. Central Bicutan. learners must rise above the role. Learners engage in leaner-centered instruction proactively engage with various . One consequence of this is the ever.

the teacher. social networking fluency. Bilbai. This point to the need for an e-curriculum.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. efficient government services. Santos Avenue. media fluency and digital creativity fluency. media) to gain insights into a problem and its possible situations. TaguigCity 24 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION sources of potential information (e. writing and arithmetic) but influences more particularly problem-solving fluency. Following a proto-type outcomes-based syllabus. Thus is stated: “an electronically enabled society” where all citizens live in an environment that provides quality education.. information access and retrieval at texts/ images/ sound/ video in fluency. greater sources of livelihood and ultimately a better way of life through enhanced access to appropriate technologies. Thus among educational goals desired for achievement in the honing of competencies and skills of a new breed of students. now better referred to as a generation competent in literacies of the 3Rs (or reading. Dayagbil and Corpuz believed that the role of technology in the curriculum springs from the very vision of the e-Philippine plan. parents. technology. This framework purposes that curriculum delivery adopts ICT as important tool in education while users implement teaching-learning strategies that conform to the digital environment. Central Bicutan. this same concept is brought about through a vision for teachers to be providers of relevant. or curriculum which delivers learning consonant with the Information Technology and Communication Technology (ICT) revolution. .g. dynamic andexcellent education programs in a post-industrial and technological Philippine society.

This is also evident in the articles related to the literature review reported here. Central Bicutan.g. 2009).and communication technology (ICT). dimensions and levels related to digital technologies in schools. these distinctions may only be possible to uphold at a theoretical or analytical level. However. blogs. TaguigCity 25 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Digital technologies embrace several terms. social media and podcasts (Davies & Merchant. such as computers. Santos Avenue. for example. we employ “uptake and use” as a phrase that simultaneously addresses both aspects of digital technologies: something “in use” and something about “to be used” in perhaps new and changing contexts.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. . wikis. Klein & Lapadat. Software is often connected to the use of digital technologies too (e. Uptake” and “use” are concepts that are often used in relation to digital technologies in primary and secondary schools and occur frequently in peer-review articles written in the empirical field. In a sense. it may be possible to conceptualize “use” as “ongoing use”. information. such as filters for analyzing the problem of “uptake and use”. This often seems to be the case regardless of the scientific discipline of the researchers and is probably due to the fact that these two concepts capture a variety of practices. in many articles the meaning of “uptake” and “use” is rather vague in that they are not always defined and are often taken for granted. Brown. The review includes studies researching different digital technology tools and terms. However. 2009). whilst “uptake” could highlight the processes of implementation and integration of new aspects of digital technologies and how they are made use of. learning management systems (LMS) and digital media like. Consequently.

Survey data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. and teaching experience with the use of ICT in the classroom to improve teaching and learning. A sample of 203 faculty members from 4 Canadian colleges participated in this survey-based. research. Santos Avenue. TaguigCity 26 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Colleges invest significant amounts of time and money to acquire modern information and communication technologies (ICT) to facilitate faculty use of ICT to improve teaching. and whether there were differences across gender. The result of the MANOVA tests indicated significant differences across gender. Banathy’s systems design of education. These findings may be used to promote positive social change through the integration of ICT into curriculum. disciplines. discipline. correlation analysis. and MANOVA. The results of the correlation analysis identified a significant inverse relationship between beliefs about ICT integrationand practice in the classroom. non-experimental study was to investigate the relationship between ICT integration into teaching and faculty perceptions of ICT use to improve teaching. the encouragement . Constructivism.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The study also sought to determine if a correlation existed between faculty beliefs and practices regarding ICT integration. The purpose of this quantitative. The research questions sought to measure the frequency of ICT integration in college teaching and the perceptions of faculty of its effectiveness. and teaching experience in faculty perceptions and use of ICT. yet little research has been done to measure faculty perceptions of its effectiveness and use. technology experience. and Roger’s theory of diffusion of innovation provided the theoretical foundations for this study. Central Bicutan. technology experience.

Assist students in accessing digital information efficiently and effectively As Brush. and provide solutions to the problems in the learning process. ICT is used as a tool for students to discover learning topics. ICT makes knowledge acquisition more accessible. and critically assessing the quality of the learning materials. 3. 2009) Benefits of Using ICT in Education The merits of ICT in education have been extolled in the literature. They build new knowledge through accessing. Support student-centered and self-directed learning Students are now more frequently engaged in the meaningful use of computers (Castro Sánchez and Alemán 2011). Produce a creative learning environment . Santos Avenue. 2. organizing. solve problems. and concepts in learning areas are understood while engaging students in the application of ICT. and interpreting information and data. and the development of technology plans to establish more effective ICT integration practices. Glazewski and Hew (2008) have stated. selecting.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. students are more capable of using informationand data from various sources. Based on learning through ICT. The use of ICT has been found to: 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 27 of ICT training for college instructors. Central Bicutan. (Chowdhury.

5. and work collaboratively anywhere. e-books are commonly used in reading aloud activities. ICT involves purpose designed applications that provide innovative ways to meet a variety of learning needs. these e-books may come with some reading applications. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 28 ICT develops students’ new understanding in their areas of learning (Chai. which offer a reading-aloud interface. Students not only acquire knowledge together. a teleconferencing classroom could invite students around the world to gather together simultaneously for a topic discussion. They may have the opportunity to analyze problems and explore ideas as well as to develop concepts. share. Learners can access all types of texts from beginning to advanced levels with ease through computers. games related to reading skills and vocabulary acquisition. ICT provides more creative solutions to different types of learning inquiries. Santos Avenue. but also share diverse learning experiences from one another in order to express themselves and reflect on their learning. Koh and Tsai 2010).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. More specifically. and more. 4. Central Bicutan. or iPads. personal digital assistants (PDAs). For example. Promote collaborative learning in a distance-learning environment Koc (2005) mentioned that using ICT enables students to communicate. For instance. They may further evaluate ICT learning solutions. laptops. Therefore. in a reading class. any time. relevant vocabulary-building activities. Offer more opportunities to develop critical (higher-order) thinking skills .

and become more confident to take risks and learn from their mistakes. Serhan (2009) concluded that ICT fosters autonomy by allowing educators to create their own material. 6. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 29 Based on a constructive learning approach. ICT helps students focus on higher-level concepts rather than less meaningful tasks (Levin and Wadmany 2006). students are able to apply technology to the attainment of higher levels of cognition within specific learning contexts. Central Bicutan. Thus. they become more capable of working by themselves and with others. A longer exposure in the ICT environment can foster students’ higher critical thinking skills. Further. Santos Avenue. Where this is done. schools are strongly advised to integrate technology across all of the learning areas and among all learning levels.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. capability. Through collaborative learning with ICT. and creativity. McMahon’s study (2009) showed that there were statistically significant correlations between studying with ICT and the acquisition of critical thinking skills. Teachers can also authorize students to complete certain tasks with peers or in groups. thus providing more control over course . In this way. Improve teaching and learning quality As Lowther et al. the students have more opportunity to build the new knowledge onto their background knowledge. Autonomy means that students take control of their learning through their use of ICT. (2008) have stated that there are three important characteristics are needed to develop good quality teaching and learning with ICT: autonomy.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. capability. By using ICT. students’ creativity can be optimized. Therefore. They are required not only to listen to the native pronunciation from the dictionary. Santos Avenue. With a combination of students’ autonomy. but also to learn the definitions and examples of a new vocabulary item. and select the one that best meets their learning needs. 7. once students are more confident in learning processes. Before completing this task. Support teaching by facilitating access to course content . finding good software to record their voice is another prerequisite for these learners. in an ESL listening and speaking class. TaguigCity 30 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION content than is possible in a traditional classroom setting. Central Bicutan. students may be asked to practice their pronunciation using an online audio dictionary. and television. They may discover new multimedia tools and create materials in the styles readily available to them through games. With regard to capability. In addition. They then have to make a recording of their own pronunciation and provide examples of how this new word is used in context. the whole learning process enriches students’ learning skills and broadens their knowledge beyond what they already know. CDs. For example. They will have to browse several online dictionaries. the use of ICT can improve both teaching and learning quality. they can develop the capability to apply and transfer knowledge while using new technology with efficiency and effectiveness. they have to know which browser to use in order to search a suitable online audio dictionary. and creativity.

(2003) found that teachers can act as catalysts for the integration of technology through ICT. creating and explaining the new assignments. In sum. these barriers are classified into four categories based on the perspectives of students. The use of ICT also changes the teaching and learning relationship. If the encouragement. Based on the findings of Reid’s study. TaguigCity 31 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Watts-Taffe et al. as Reid (2002) has indicated. administrators. ICT changes the traditional teacher. the existing literature has also identified some barriers. teachers reported that the relationship between teacher and learner is sometimes reversed with regards to information technology. In the following sections.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. While ICT is changing teaching and learning for the better in several ways. Therefore. and necessary technological support are available from institutes for the teachers. This relationship boosts students’ confidence when they are able to help teachers with technical issues in the classroom. developing an ICT class will be easier for them. Central Bicutan. equipment.centered approach. ICT offers students more time to explore beyond the mechanics of course content allowing them to better understand concepts. Selection and Use of Instructional Materials . Santos Avenue. The main responsibilities of these teachers will be changing their course format. and arranging for the computer lab through their technology learning specialists or assistants. and ICT infrastructure. teachers. and requires teachers to be more creative in customizing and adapting their own material.

However. The use of instructional technologies has an impact on students’ content acquisition and adds to class performance. It is not surprising to see these materials. overhead projectors. computers. Of late. overheads and chalkboard not only keeps students’ interest but also responds to the needs of those who receive information in different ways. and participation of students has long been recognized to a point that this wide collection of teaching tools earned the little “sub-strategies”. videos have been available in some schools. Central Bicutan. devices and instruments accumulated in every teacher’s storehouse. and local resources from the environment. Beggs (2000) notes that research has shown that it is not only the technology that is important. since not much was known about the use of technologies in teacher training colleges in Malawi. but also how it is used that improves learning and increases pupils’ interest. there is no drab lesson if appropriate media is used in its presentation. more teaching technologies such as recordings. All instructional materials are aids to instruction and using videos. CD-ROMS. Santos Avenue. this study was designed to establish how instructional technologies were used by tutors in those colleges. where the use and selection of instructional materials will be exhaustively discussed. Properly selected and used its impact on the attention. projectors and computers. The technologies studied were chalkboards. There are two subjects in Educational Technology of three units each. sustained interest. flip charts.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity 32 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION According to Corpuz and Salandanan (2013). In view of this. computers. videos. The research questions were (a) How often did .

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and lack of maintenance. The study concludes with a suggested process for how government and the teacher . a snapshot study was conducted with faculty at Domasi College of Education to establish how use of computer technology was established and sustained and what lessons could be learned that could assist the teacher training colleges as they encourage computer use among their tutors. Constant training and peer support on how to use the instructional technologies are some of the lessons to be learned from Domasi College of Education. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. who completed a survey designed to address the research questions. videos. The results of the survey that was conducted with the tutors revealed that there was infrequent use of higher order instructional technologies i. St. overhead projectors. In addition to the tutors. The failure to use the locally available resources by some of the tutors was attributed to lack of creative thinking as well as lack of initiative to use the local environment in their teaching. which was attributed to lack of training. and Montfort Teacher Training Colleges. TaguigCity 33 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION tutors use instructional technologies in their teaching? (b)What reasons did tutors have for using and not using instructional technologies in their teaching? (c)Howdid college tutors perceive their competence levels in using instructional technologies? (d)What attitudes did the college tutors have towards the use of instructional technologies? (e)What did tutors consider important factors in influencing their use of instructional technologies? The sample consisted of tutors from Karonga. Blantyre. Lilongwe.e. Joseph’s. and computers. unavailability of the technologies.

2009) Instruction The immersion of technology in the educational environment not only influences many facets of students’ academic learning. self-expression. teachers who use technology in a dynamic way hold their students’ attention. Hooper (2002) advocated educators must redesign their educational system and teachers must be trained to use and design the use of technology. Santos Avenue. For example. The influences related to the use of online technology may work as a catalyst to improve learning. a stimulated and active learning environment. and. (Lowther et al. and innovation instead of . Central Bicutan. therefore. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 34 training institutions can work collaboratively to maximize the use of instructional technologies in the teaching and learning process for prospective teachers. Through the integration of technology and web facilitated instruction. communication..Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2005). Plafrey and Gasser (2008) suggest that by allowing technology to influence student creativity. teachers can create greater learning and educational opportunities. students who were engaged and participated through the use of technology in classroom demonstrate greater content mastery (Gulek & Demirtas. In addition. 2003). (Littman. it also affects teaching. Several possibilities for further research on the use of instructional technologies have been highlighted.

(Young. 2005) One of the most common used software in teaching and learning is PowerPoint. and Technologies that are often considered to be novel and very new by many adults are a basic part of this generation daily lives. 2008). . students showed average gains of 10–20% over control groups for maths and science. Central Bicutan. Teachers also had activity guides to support or extend the video lessons. PowerPoint can also be a wonderful tool for students and teachers to give out information. not something that requires them to change. According to a poll conducted at Pennsylvania State University the following themes emerged regarding technology expectations among students: What is considered technology by this generation is not confined to simply computers or the Internet: Technology is viewed as any electronically based application or piece of equipment that meets a need for access to information or communication. A PowerPoint presentation used on an interactive whiteboard can be especially interesting since students and teachers can manipulate information with a simple touch to the screen.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. The Bridge IT programme (India and Tanzania) provided evidence of improved learning outcomes from teachers’ use of smartphones to play video lessons for their classes via flat-screen TVs or data-projectors. In Tanzania. It is something that adapts to their needs. teachers will aid the digital have-nots and know-nots by increasing their digitally related skills and experience. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 35 stifling it. (Roberts. if used properly.

while some groups of students excelled. 2011). simulations. Santos Avenue. with a corresponding 24% drop in the proportion of (traditional) ‘direct instruction’ lessons ((Oblinger&Oblinger. multimedia networks. I see and I remember. music. help in making . The programmed instruction models as suggested by Skinner can be used to provide learners learn at their own pace and give immediate feedback. Central Bicutan.’ The animations. etc. In India. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 36 However. These showed a 31% increase in the proportion of lessons identified as ‘high quality’. which in turn. The use of technology can be made to address the visual learners. others showed modest gains if any (Enge. 2012). BridgeIT also carried out systematic classroom observations pre.and postintervention in India. auditory learners and kinesthetic learners. create virtual realities and experience for the learners. image enhancements. speech. there were average gains of 10% over control groups for science. Utilization Technology can be used for individualized instruction in order to bridge the gaps between the teaching styles and the learning styles.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Multimedia tools provide a wide range of sensory stimuli. It is said ‘I hear and I forget. it is difficult for the teacher to respond and provide feedback to each student. I do and I understand. 2005). software packages to teach various subjects. In an ordinary classroom with one teacher. but no gains for English (Wennerstan & Qureshy.

They have to be invented. Edu. the use of Information Technology in teaching requires competencies on the part of the teacher and has indeed made the profession more challenging. . Educational Innovations certainly do not come about automatically. TaguigCity 37 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION learning a more direct. In addition. initiated and implemented in a way that will make educational practices more adequately geared to the changing objectives of instruction and make them more consistent with changing standards of instruction. almost 80% of the teachers in developing countries feel that they are not prepared to use the technology. planned. However. 2010). Teacher training now involves a continuum of learning. It is rightly said. and to ongoing lifelong professional development. (Shamsha Emanuel. 2010) e-Learning provides a way for teachers to gain new knowledge and skills. Santos Avenue. ICT also facilitate the new paradigm in teacher training that is emerging. According to the UNDP statistics in the year 2001. Hence. Central Bicutan. ‘an able teacher need to find ways and means to improve their teaching techniques – using IT is one of them. to in-service workshops and short courses.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. from preservice training. useful and joyful experience and retain knowledge for a longer time (Shamsha Emanuel. Tech. efforts are been made to make the teachers aware of the use of technology through pre-service and in service courses. programs also aim towards making the teacher’s techno savvy and teach using the computers.

Santos Avenue. Analysis found that lecturers of the community college are ready to utilize the educational technology in their teaching practice. However. the study was conducted to explore the barriers in utilizing educational technology among lecturers in their teaching practices in a community college in Malaysia. technical support in utilizing the educational technology. accessibility of the educational technology. Amram and Rusli. A structured questionnaire was distributed to all lecturers in the institution and 72% from the lecturers agreed to participate as respondents. administrator support. TaguigCity 38 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION As for Azlim. this study also aims to identify lecturer's perception towards the usage of the educational technology. The result from this study found that the lecturers in the community college have positive perceptions that educational technology enhances their teaching practices and students’ performance. computer self-efficacy and accessibility. Ranks of the barriers from the higher mean score that have been identified are technical support. Three hundred and ninety-seven survey instruments were personally . The study examined the barriers to integrating computer technology in middle school curriculum and formulated possible strategies to help educators overcome identified barriers for the benefit of students and the educational program. Central Bicutan. Institution also recommended to provide more training for lecturers to sharpen their teaching skills by utilizing the educational technology.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Barriers that have been identified can be categorized into lecturers’ computer selfefficacy. the technical supports need to be enhancing Internet and computer facilities. and support from administration. Moreover.

(Cavucci. 2009) Teaching Strategies As for Salandan (2009). These strategies are (a) provide in-services at the end of a workday. (c) the lack of time to successfully integrate computer technology into the classroom. The respondents were representative of teachers in Mahoning and Trumbull Counties.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. (b) the lack of training. (d) the students’ familiarity with computer technology and/or lack of computer technology in students’ homes. teaching strategy is as an educational endeavour that engages students in activities that will enable them to acquire knowledge and . The data from this survey was sufficient to identify barriers and offer possible strategies. and (e) the cost associated with computer technology classes at a university or college. The study also identified possible strategies for future use that would encourage teachers to utilize computer technology in the classroom. (b) have a technology support staff person available to middle school teachers on a daily basis. Central Bicutan. These barriers are (a) technology equipment that did not function properly or did not function at all. (c) staff meetings with computer technology experts to present new and innovative ideas to the middle school teachers. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 39 delivered to middle schools in the state of Ohio. and (d) technology equipment in properly working order that would allow middle school teachers to utilize computer technology when they desired to do so. Santos Avenue. The survey data identified five factors as possible barriers to the utilization computer technology in the classroom.

The systematized actions end with the development of competence in applying the knowledge and skills acquired and practicing the mural standards gained. The way their . If the teacher serves as an ideal role model. demonstrates competence. Faculty According to Gallavan. as well as confidence. the favoritism of the teacher can also affect the learning process of the students. expertise and willingness can help student to learn. A teacher’s skill. anythinga teacher does is going to be scrutinized by the students. In the art of teaching. at the same time develop worthwhile values and attitudes. in the subject he or she is teaching. It consists of organized activities aimed at inducing learning. As a result. the students will respond positively. This is achieved by stimulating positive interactions as a teacher and her students go through a well-planned step-by-step procedure thin is directed towards a desired learning outcome. Santos Avenue. In the contrary. they assume that their students are just like them. This rule applies to administrators as well. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 40 skills. et al (2005). especially at the novice level. teachers. This assumption allows for many teachers to utilize educational approaches that they witnessed growing up. Instead. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. when their own students struggle to succeed. they blame the child because the methodology had been effective in their own schooling. are not aware of the vastly different worlds their students live in. Learning is the ultimate goal.

Ferdig (2006) concludes that from a teacher perspective the most valuable aspect is that the uptake and use of digital technologies can motivate increased quality in teaching. An agreement seems to exist that teachers are playing a crucial role in the process of uptake and use of digital technologies and in the development of new practices pervaded by digital technologies. as well as in relation to the initial teacher education for developing the pedagogical skills. rather than the digitaltechnology in itself embodies certain qualities that guarantee good teaching and learning outcomes.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Most of the research identified in this theme seems to be coherent. They will be confused on things regarding on how and why the teacher has their favorite students (Gaudencio V. beliefs. . Teachers’ professional development is also in focus and is often related to the use of digital technologies in specific school subjects. Santos Avenue. Aquino 1975) The identified theme concerns research on teachers. ideas. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 41 teachers deal with them is one thing. visions and attitudes that favour the uptake and use of digital technologies in schools. confidence and competence are highlighted. teachers’ professional development and teacher education in relation to the uptake and use of digital technologies in schools. Central Bicutan. Though teachers have different strategy on imparting knowledge. in his research review. and aspects like teachers’ motives. Teachers are seen as key players for the uptake and use of digital technology. students do not understand it easily. For example.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

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Sipilä (2010), on the other hand, claims that the uptake of digital
technologies in school is a process that is mediated by teacher characteristics,
technological framework and the conditions within the school. According to Sipilä’s
findings, based on quantitative data collected by the use of an online
questionnaire, providing teachers with laptops can be a way of enhancing the
teachers’ use of digital technologies both at work and in their spare time. He
argues that when the use of modern digital technology is not tied to a specific time
or place, teachers will have more time to evaluate the possibilities provided by the
technology, which in turn will probably increase the use of digital technologies in
the classroom. In relation to their empirical study, Ward & Parr (2010) discuss the
possibility of reframing the question of digital technology. They argue that
teachers who understand the use of digital technologies and the subsequent
benefits to teaching and learning are probably more willing to learn, try new things
and move away from more traditional classroom practices conclude in a
qualitative study that teachers’ learning experiences with digital technologies are
facilitated and empowered through long-term collaboration with colleagues and
students over time. They also argue that becoming familiar with digital
technologies cannot be perceived as a linear process. These researchers
emphasize the importance of teachers being assisted in their uptake and use of
digital technologies.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
43

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Education encounters, in modern times, challenges in all aspects of social,

economic & cultural life; the most important of which are over-population, overknowledge, education philosophy development & the change of teacher’s role, the
spread of illiteracy, lack of the staff & the technological development & mass
media (Aloraini, 2005, p. 30–32). This drove the teaching staff to use the modern
teaching technologies to face some of the main problems, which education & its
productivity encounter, by increasing the learning level which may be achieved
through providing equivalent opportunities for all people whenever & wherever
they are, while taking into account the individual differences between learners. To
improve the educational productivity, some of the teaching staff sought to
mainstream technology within education, developing traditional techniques &
using new educational methods. Mainstreaming the technological media within
what is called ‘‘Multimedia’’ is the pattern which led to infinite applications of
computer technologies. The concept of this technology came into being with the
appearance of sound cards, then compact disks, then came the use of digital
camera, then the video which made computer an essential educational tool.
Nowadays, multimedia expanded to become a field on its own. The concept of
multimedia technology is broad & it has infinite usage fields; it is a profound
element as an educational technology in addition to its use in medical & statistical
domains & in establishing databases. Moreover, the entertainment sector is one of
the sectors that had the lion’s share in using this technology. Interaction is the
main element in multimedia technology as most of its applications are

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

44

characterized by interaction. Consequently, multimedia programs may provide a
more effective & more influential experiment than using each technology
separately. The researcher thinks that multimedia is one of the best educational
techniques because it addresses more than one sense simultaneously, as it
addresses the senses ofsight & hearing. Multimedia programs provide different
stimuli in their presentations which include a number of elements some of which
are (Aloraini, 2005, p. 55–75): Texts, spoken words, sound & music, graphics,
animations and still pictures.
These elements were mainstreamed in a comprehensive presentation so as to
provide effective education, which in turn will support the participation of the
different senses of the learners in diverse syllabi.
Mary Chamberlain (2002) said that that great teacher make a difference.
They have passion that seeps through the skin- a love of learning. Great progress
(‘a revolution’) was made but a working hum and engagement is now not enough.
What are now needed are quality learning conversations between teachers and
learners. It is about extending rather than supervising, about linking to the child’s
world, about creating lines of desires, about not seeing the curriculum as a
straightjacket. The curriculum it seems is more a direction.

Practicum
According to Bodiongan (2015), Technology, man’s continuous effort to
simplify task for the benefit of life, flutters very fast like time. It’s an ongoing trend

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 45 that allows a lot of innovations that makes life even more satisfactory to live. that’s why professional education subjects with relation to technology are included in the curriculum. Relating technology to education. how has technology changed the classroom.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. Those strategies before. Obviously. I suppose that everything the teacher used (compared today) is almost out-dated and obsolete. the real thing here that teacher-education students are expected to have. for . and how has it integrated into the classrooms? Then we might also wonder how much does technology influences students learning ability and teacher's ability to include technology in the academic curriculum. Santos Avenue. Educational Technology is concerned with “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning”. Mary’s College of Tagum. That’s why teacher-education students are molded with the intervention with these trends. However. is on how teachers can integrate technology inside the teaching-learning process yielding successful learning. Technology and education both has a relationship with teaching. In recent years technology in the schools has change drastically. is offered penultimate before PSTs are employed to schools for practicum here in St. I grew up with the traditional set-up of classroom. but not the classical usage of the internet. In today's world technology is a very important part of our lives. An excellent strategic plan that allows practicumers to be freshly updated with the innovations in education before being sent outside the school’s premise to practice their chosen profession. the main concern here is technology. that’s why Educational Technology exists. which. we might ask.

In this dissertation. storage area networks (SANs). and international research and education configurations. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 46 me. Central Bicutan. As demonstrated in this dissertation.Learning E-learning networks are used by academic institutions such as Regis University to support synchronous and asynchronous delivery of online courses and programs. the author applied the SDLC methodology for design and development of an e-learning network based on findings of a chronological . this subject served as an eye opener to future mentors. knowledge repositories. and content delivery networks (CDNs). Santos Avenue. So. as well as metropolitan. A systems development life cycle (SDLC) methodology enables academic institutions to design and develop e-learning networks that meet educational goals and objectives and provide access to current and next-generation research initiatives. are now inappropriate. regional. nationally.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The goal of the research was to assess the capabilities of the SDLC in enabling academic institutions to design and develop new e-learning networks and/or upgrade and enhance in-place e-learning networks. an e-learning network eliminates campus boundaries by providing infrastructure for information flows regionally. the proper teaching protocols appropriate to the needs and interests of the modern students. An e-learning network supports a wide range of applications and services and facilitates access to diverse e-learning implementations including virtual laboratory (V-lab) environments. and internationally. E.

Dizon and Altarres (2014) E-Learning Portals made a great contribution in the lives of students and professors as of terms of information about the school or university. development.T respondents. Central Bicutan. This system allows them to create online groups/ section for the student to pass assignments online and take quizzes online. The outcomes of this investigation demonstrate the role of the SDLC methodology as an enabler of design. I. a web application that provides information about the section of student. Because of this.T respondents. My SQL for the database and Photoshop for the graphical user interface. the researchers decided to develop UMAK E-Learning Portal. This proves that it was a highly acceptable in terms of . 2009) According to Rosaria. (Conn. The Web App was evaluated by I. Santos Avenue. The web application also allows the professors to post announcement to their sections and make the students interact with this.T and Non-I. and deployment of an e-learning network capable of meeting current and projected institutional goals and objectives.T respondents result with a composite mean of 4-1 and composite mean of 4. Professors and students want to have an easy but convenient website application that helps them record and track grades of students and give them information about their class.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 47 case study of the e-learning Academic Research Network (ARN) at Regis University between 2001 and 2005. This system was made successfully through the use of PHP as programming language.4 from Non-I.

TaguigCity 48 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION functionality. Higher education information system. networking and internet linkages. efficiency and usability.4 from web app gives satisfaction to the users. Program Thrust of CHED for Quality Education and Excellence According to the Commission on Higher Education (1997). This department also seeks to develop the Higher Education Information System and to establish communication superhighway through networking or Internet linkages. Academic exchanges between and among local and international HEI’s. communication highway. institutional and academic standard. scholarship grants and international convention. In accordance with the goals of the higher education that are cited in the preceding. Quality and excellence can be achieved via the development of Center of excellence in different disciplines. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. The action plan of this department for 2011-2016 includes the modernization of facilities of SUC’s and LUC’s providing ICT equipment and upgrading facilities in order to enhance their instruction and extension. CHED come up with development programs that are implementable with specific activity thrusts. Policies. The composite mean of 4.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. reliability. Regional capabilities in science and technology education. Central Bicutan. etc. maintain. . Santos Avenue. and support a complete. it is the declared policy of the State to establish.

implying that teaching and learning with technology is highly prioritized in the HEIs and needs to be done in the next 3 years. It has an aggregate mean of 4. institutional and individual returns and benefits derived from the utilization of higher education resources. TaguigCity 49 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION This program thrust delves on strengthening the human resources capabilities of HEI’s and CHED and optimize foreign assistance in critical areas like agricultural technology education. this goal calls for provision of undergraduate and graduate education which meet international standards of quality and excellence. access and equity or broadening the access of deserving and qualified Filipinos to higher education opportunities. Relevance and responsiveness. relevance and responsiveness require generation and diffusion of knowledge in the broad range of disciplines relevant and responsive todynamically changing domestic and international environment. Santos Avenue.03. and efficiency and effectiveness will optimize social. Access and equity. In terms of quality and excellence. Central Bicutan. The degree of implementation of the teaching and learning with technology is . Level of Prioritization of Teaching and Learning The study of Marcial (2012) reveals that the level of prioritization of teaching and learning with technology in HEIs in the Philippines is high. and Efficiency and effectiveness. environmental and maritime education.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The goals of higher education is ensuring the attainment of empowered and globally competitive Filipinos via: Quality and excellence.

When technology is leveraged with a very strategic vision and change management plan. as students. In a constantly changing world that is demanding increasingly complex skills for its workforce. the quality of our public schools directly affects us all as parents. but also completely transform entire learning environments. the results can be revolutionary. Intermediate School 339 (USA) is one learning environment that has demonstrated this potential. and that using the latest technology in the classroom should not be an end unto itself. It has an aggregate mean of 3. Schools which excelled by the implementation of Educational Technology Innovative technologies not only have the potential to evolve pedagogical practice. . and self-doubt. Yet too many children in America are segregated by low expectations. and as citizens. transforming itself from some of the lowest performing schools in the region. Bush (2003) stated. This Administration believes schools should use technology as a tool to improve academic achievement.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. children are literally being left behind. action has yet to be done. Government Support In his education proposal.21. to one of the most successful. illiteracy. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 50 moderate. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. however. President George W. showing that teaching and learning with technology is already in the strategic plan of the HEIs.

2. Research studies reviewed in the article by Honey (2005) found many examples of improvements in student learning with regular use of technology in the classroom. Honey cites Schater who. found that students with access to any 23 number of technologies showed positive gains in achievement on researcher constructed tests. Santos Avenue. in 1999. standardized tests. Specifically. Massachusetts (USA) used a twoyear technology-infusion project – injecting laptops. 2013). Enhance research productivity of HEIs in distinctive areas of . but also continually Innovating Learning Environments.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and national tests. In addition. projectors and various other digitaltechnologies into the classroom – to also infuse the practice of innovating into the campus. (Groff. These practices not only make places like Intermediate School 339 and Shady Hill Innovative Learning Environments. these studies examined improvements made by fourth grade English/Language Arts students who took the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System test and improvements in the reading proficiency scores of students who took the Michigan Education AssessmentProgram test. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 51 The Shady Hill School in Cambridge. 2008) Objectives of NHERA-2 The following objectives for 2009-2018 shall be pursued under NHERA-2 are as follows: 1. Improve research capability of HEIs. Central Bicutan. (Young. particularly the Philippine universities whose main business is to generate knowledge towards international competitiveness.

Promote and facilitate dissemination and utilization of research outputs. International. including the application of ICT in teaching and learning. particularly for higher education c. and materials science). Central Bicutan. TaguigCity 52 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION competence. developing innovative programs in cutting edge higher education fields (e. (Park et al. then applied in other learning areas as a tool for learning how to learn. 2002) Memorandum issued by DBM and CHED . Generate knowledge/ technologies needed for a. 2013) Policies on the Use of Technology in Education in the Philippines Technology must be studied first as a separate subject. The application of computer skills to the other learning areas is a curriculum policy that stems from the principle that teaching-learning must not be textbook. An education modernization program will equip schools with facilities. where appropriate.driven. Santos Avenue. materials and skills and introduce new learning and delivery systems necessary to capitalize on recent technological developments. equipment. nanotechnology. policy/ plan formulation. b.g. national and regional higher education development. and educational processes should take advantage of technological developments. 3. biotechnology. information and communications technology. and d. (NHER-2.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. advancing the frontiers of knowledge in the disciplines 4.

TaguigCity 53 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION The Department of Budget and Management and Commission on Higher Education issued joint circulars numbers 1-A on October 24. upon implementation of RA 6758 also known as the Salary Standardization Law in 1989. Under NCC 12. appropriations for current operating expenditures and other related factors. hence. 2003 and 1-B on June 27. Santos Avenue. Research Capability and Outputs within the last three year. The leveling instrument needs updating to make it more sensitive to the state of development of universities and colleges to take into account the level of performance of an institution in the areas of instruction. extension and non-formal training activities. Central Bicutan. However. faculty size and profile. universities and colleges were categorized into nine levels which were determined through a quantitative evaluation of enrollment size. number of dormitories and residents. theirs stages of development need to be reevaluated. Philippine Laws that Support the Usage of Technology in Education . 2007 that provide the Colleges and Universities leveling instrument and guidelines for the implementation thereof.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. resources devoted to research. many of the universities and colleges have outgrown their levels quantitatively and qualitatively. research and extension. relations with and services to the community and management resources. Based on these two departments. as well as management of resources. number of programs. the nine levels were compressed into four levels such as Quality and Relevance of Instructions.

It shall support indigenous. training.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and their utilization. maintain. and to science and technology education. Sections 1 and 2. Section 17. accelerate social progress. and promote total human liberation and development. 1 provides: SEC. The Education Act of 1982 declares that “Higher Education will be geared towards the provision of quality education. Article XIV. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 54 The Constitution. and services. invention. Article II. innovation. adequate. The main thrust of higher education is to achieve equity. culture and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. efficiency and high quality in the institutions of higher learning in . appropriate. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. Section 10 provides: Science and Technology are essential for national development and progress. The Constitution. para. Article XIV. The Constitution. and their application to the country's productive systems and national life. provides: The State shall give priority to education. science and technology. and support a complete. and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. The State shall: (l) Establish. arts. 1. and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities. The State shall give priority to research and development.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. Or to get some agreement from the mobile companies that automatically cut. Commission on Higher Education which is to establish.off usage when the child overuses their allowance for the month. (David. maintain. it is also right to mention that technologies can also distract students. However. teachers can create environments in which students actively engage in cognitive partnerships with educational technology. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. Ma. “Usage of this gadget can be controllable. there is no doubt that modern technology has an effect on the study habits of students today. Synthesis Teachers who learn to integrate educational technology may go on to conceptualize their roles in the classroom. Shiela Escuro (2009) says that. 8292). Santos Avenue. It’s up to the parents to teach their child to be responsible on their mobile phones. 2000) As stated by Celeste (2010). (Republic Act no. The positive side of modern technology is that it makes things easier for students to research for their homework and projects.” . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 55 both public and private so that together they will provide a complete set of program offerings that meet national and regional development needs. Guided by research findings from cognitive psychology and other related areas. and support a complete. to ask them to pay-up when their mobile runs out of money.

As a result. . iPod and iPad which can really distract the students. While books still remain a valuable tool. Technology continues to advance at lightning speed and anyone who doesn’t keep up is in danger of being left behind.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. We cannot deny the fact that technology can be a distraction in studying. the need to spend hours and hours sitting in the library has reduced dramatically. Of course there is the usual cellphone. This will all boil down to the age and the self-discipline of the student. Central Bicutan. Using the internet itself can be distracting because of all the social networking sites and the games that are available with just one click. the world is changing fast. Furthermore discussed by Fabian. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 56 According to Fabian (2007). Santos Avenue. the way students study has changed significantly. Students now have numerous options available to them when it comes to learning techniques.

this research design interpreted a “what it is” approach and described the nature of the situation as it existed in the study. was established through Ordinance No. Research Method This study used the descriptive research design of McNabb (2009) for it reveals the summary statistics by showing responses to all possible questionnaire items. 29. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 57 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter discussed the research design and the respondents used in the study. Central Bicutan. Series of 2004 of the Sangguniang Bayan . and statistical treatment for answering the proposed topic of investigation.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. Research Locale Taguig City University or TCU. a Philippine Local University. In fact. the techniques implied. This design is also applicable for the study because it explored and determined the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teachers at Taguig City University. the procedures done.

TaguigCity 58 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ng Taguig on the 6th day of September 2004 at the Municipal Government of Taguig. . Series of 2004 (enacted 6 September 2004. Taguig City. Pamantasan ng Taguig (PnT). Santos Ave. Santos Avenue. It was located at Gen. Central Bicutan. Upper Bicutan. Bartolome with Councilor Marisse Balina-Eron and Councilor Allan Paul C. authored by Councilor Aurelio Paulo R. later renamed Taguig City University (TCU) upon conversion of the Municipality of Taguig to "cityhood" on 8 December 2004. Municipal Government of Taguig. Cruz as co-sponsors).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. was established through Ordinance No. 29.

the Slovin’s formula was used to get the sample out of the population of the fourth year students in the College Of Education at Taguig City University. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 59 Population and Sampling Techniques In order to get the target respondents of the researchers. Slovin’s Formula: n = sample N = population e = margin of errors Percentage: P= n f x 100 P = percentage f = frequency n = sample . to be distributed in all majors to get their aimed percentages. Computation results to 192 respondents (n). and the researcher used 5% (e) as margin of errors to assumed that out of 100% there is a 5% errors on the possible result of this study.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The population of all the fourth year students is 371 (N).

teachers inScience major.teachers in Bachelor of Elementary Education and 130 student-teachers in Bachelor in Secondary Education: 40 student. and 22 faculty of the College of Education in Taguig City University. Research and Evaluation The researchers adapted the questions mostly in the Field Study Handbook 3 which is “Technology in the Learning Environment. This was used to have fairness in choosing the desire number of respondents.” Other questions came from the survey questionnaire in the internet. The researchers’ questionnaire was composed of the extent of integration of Educational Technology in terms of instructions. both 20 student-teachers in Physical Education and Mathematics majors.teachers out of 371 total population of fourth year.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. They had the equal probability of being chosen. Demographic Description of the Respondents The respondents used in the study were 200 student. Santos Avenue. It involved 70 student. 50 student-teachers in English major. . Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 60 The researchers used Simple Random Sampling Technique to disseminate the survey questionnaires to the target respondents of this study. utilizations and mastery as utilized by the student-teachers in Taguig City University.

course. academic rank and length of service. (2) the Checklist for Utilization of Educational Technology which can be answered by: 4 – Strongly Agree 2 – Disagree 3 – Agree 1 – Strongly Disagree To interpret the mean score of the respondents. a likert scale was established by the researcher. 2009) Likert Scale Range Interpretation 3. After all the comments and suggestions were considered. gender. age. The questionnaires together with the validation instruments were submitted to the chosen validators with masters and doctorate degree to establish .56-3. the first draft of questionnaire was prepared.25 1.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.55 1.75 Attained to the Full Extent Attained to the Less Extent Not Attained Validation of Instruments Used The questionnaire was presented to the research adviser for some corrections and suggestions. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 61 The questionnaire was composed of two parts: (1) Personal Information of the Respondents – name.00-1.00 Attained to the Fullest Extent 2.76-2. cooperating school. (Basilio. The draft of the questionnaire was submitted again to the research adviser to finalize the questionnaire.26-4.

The researchers assessed the enrollment report for the fourth year students in College of Education – first semester. Data Analysis The following statistical treatment had been used by the researchers to have valid and adequate findings to the study: . The researchers got the mean of the instruments that were validated by five experts to determine whether the instrument was valid or not. from the Registrar Office in determining the total number of students per major in Taguig City University. the researchers worked on tallying the respondents’ answers to get the needed data in the study.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. school year 2016-2017. the researchers disseminated and completed the required number of questionnaires to be used in the study. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 62 content authentication. Santos Avenue. Upon the assessment of the total number of respondents to be used. Lastly. Data Gathering Procedures The researchers wrote a letter of request to the Registrar Office and Human Resource Department of the respondent school to allow them to gather data pertinent to this study. The researchers also got the total number of faculty in the College of Education. All the suggestions and comments were taken and incorporated in the final draft and was checked again by the research adviser. Central Bicutan.

(the Greek letter sigma) is the symbol for summation. To calculate the weighted mean simply add up a set of scoresand divide by the number of scores. Weighted Mean It is an average mean that takes into account the importance of each value to the overall total. 2. Percent: P= n f x 100 P = percentage f = frequency n = sample Percent was used to answer statement of the problem no. 1 in order to determine the demographic profile of the grouped respondents. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. It used to determine the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU. N is the symbol for the number of scores. Santos Avenue. X is the symbol for the scores. . Thus we have our first and perhaps the most basic statistical formula: Where: (sometimes call the X-bar) is the symbol for the mean. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 63 1.

2 which is: “What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU in terms of the following areas: instructions.way Anova . Santos Avenue. and mastery.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 3. One. Central Bicutan. utilization. 2which is: “What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU in terms of the following areas: instructions. Where S= the standard deviation of a sample = means sum of X= each value of the sum = mean of all values in the data set N= number of all values in the data set Standard deviation was also used to answer the statement of the problem no. TaguigCity 64 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Mean was used to answer the statement of the problem no. utilization and mastery.

s =is the sample variance.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. n = is the sample size and t = is a paired sample t-test . Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 65 One way anova was used to answer the statement of the problem no. Paired Sample T-test Where: =is the mean difference between two samples.3 which is: “Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the extent of integration when grouped according to their profile?” 4. Santos Avenue.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 66 Paired sample T. Santos Avenue.Test was used to answer the statement of the problem n0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA Table 1 Student-Teacher (Gender) . Central Bicutan.4 which is: “Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the two groups of respondents on the extent of integration of Educational Technology? CHAPTER IV PRESENTATION.

According to Schilt. Kristen Schilt’s research titled. women are taught to put family first and have a flexible schedule even if that means being paid less. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 67 Category Male Female Total Frequency 53 147 200 Percent 26. 2006. It means that the Teaching Profession is dominated by females. It shows that out of 200 respondents 147 or 73 percent are females and 53 or 26.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. which results in their domination of fields such as teaching and nursing (Schilt. “Just one of the guys? How Transmen Make Gender Visible at Work” introduces the gender socialization theory highlighting women’s gravitation towards careers that reinforce “feminine” traits such as caring and nurturing. 467). Table 2 Student-Teacher (Course) Category BEED BSE-SCI BSE-PE BSE-ENG BSE-MATH Total Frequency 70 40 20 50 20 200 Percent 35 20 10 25 10 100 .5 73.5 100 Table 1 illustrates the gathered data result for the gender of studentteachers.5 percent are males. p.

Central Bicutan. Table 3 Student-Teacher (School) Category DISTRICT 1 DISTRICT 2 Total Frequency 104 96 200 Percent 52 48 100 Table 3 illustrates the gathered data result for the cooperating schools of the 200 respondents and it shows that most of the schools are from the 1st District of Taguig with the result of 104 or 52. Santos Avenue.5 4.5 9.0 percent and 96 or 48.0 percent came from the 2nd District of Taguig. TaguigCity 68 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 2 shows the number of students (frequency) from each course that has been used in the study and its' percent. Table 4 Faculty (Age) Category 20-25 years old 26-30 years old 31-35 years old 36-40 years old 41-50 years old 51-55 years old Total Frequency 10 1 2 5 1 3 22 Percent 45.1 22. followed by BSE-ENG with 50 respondents or 25 percent and BSE-SCI with 40 respondents or 20 percent and the lowest are BSE-PE and BSE-MATH with 20 respondents or 10 percent each.5 13.6 100 . BEED got the highest number of respondents with 70 respondents or 35 percent.7 4.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

Central Bicutan. TaguigCity 69 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 4 shows that most of the faculty are from 20-25 years of age with 10 respondents or 45. It also denotes that women represent a significant majority of the teaching workforce. the impacts of a feminized teaching force is likely to be a continuation of perceptions surrounding teaching as women’s work.1 percent and 1 respondent or 4.1 100 Table 5 illustrates the gathered data result for the gender of 22 respondents and it shows that out of 22 respondents 13 or 59.9 59. next is 51-55 years of age with 3 respondents or 13.5 percent.5 percent each for 26-30 and 41-50 years of age. Table 5 Faculty (Gender) Category Male Female Total Frequency 9 13 22 Percent 40.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Table 6 Faculty (Academic Rank) Category Instructor Assistant Professor Associate Professor Total Frequency 15 4 3 22 Percent 68. According to Kelleher (2011).7 percent.9 percent are males.6 percent. followed by 31-35 years of age with 5 respondents or 22. which might have resulting impacts on the way children perceive authority roles.6 100 . Santos Avenue.2 18. followed by 31-35 years of age with 2 respondents or 9.1 percent are females and 9 or 40.2 13.

Table 7 Faculty (Length of Service) Category 1-3 years 4-6 years 10-12 years 16-18 years 22 years above Total Frequency 14 4 1 2 1 22 Percent 63.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.2 have worked for 4-6 years.6 percent.1 4. While 2 respondents under the percentage of 9.6 18. followed by assistant professor which has 4 or 18.2 percent and the associate professor which has 3 or 13. one respondent under the percentage of 4. . Lastly. It shows that 14 respondents which constitute 63.6 percent or majority are 1-3 years in service.5 are teaching for 10-12 years and 22 years and above.2 percent are instructor.5 100 Table 7 illustrates the length of service of the respondents in the institution where they work. TaguigCity 70 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 6 illustrates the academic rank of the faculty and it shows that 15 or 68. Santos Avenue.2 4. However 4 respondents under the percentage of 18. This table clearly shows that most of the respondents are instructors and said to be the most common faculty member in the institution.5 9. Central Bicutan.1 with the length of service of 16-18 years.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 71 Most of the faculty has worked for 1-3 years. therefore. Table 8 MEAN INSTRUCTION Indicators ST’s Mean 3. plans and integrates technology-based learning activities that promote student engagement in higher-order thinking skills 3.07 AFE 3. furnishes weekly or monthly computer-related task such as creating multimedia presentations that showcase student’s understanding of important content VI AFE Faculty’s Mean 3. Santos Avenue.32 VI AFUE 3. uses projector which can be used as chalk/overhead replacement such as lecture notes and slides 1. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.14 AFE .22 AFE 3.41 AFUE 3. majority of the faculty in the said institution are newly hired.20 2.

27 AFUE 5. integrates educational technology in teaching that influence human performance 3.07 AFE 3. Santos Avenue.13 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 3.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST. and for the faculty it gained 3.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.2.18 AFE 6.51 .32 AFUE TOTAL 3.g.27 AFE LEGEND: 3. large lecture classes using power point ) 3.19 AFE 3. In using projector which can be used as chalk/overhead replacement such as lecture notes and slides. Central Bicutan.00 .20 for studentteachers which has attained to the full extent.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3.41 it which has attained to the fullest extent. In planning and integrating technology based learning activities that promote student engagement in higher.4.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.Verbal Interpretation Table 8 illustrates the perceptions of the respondents of TCU in terms of instruction.order thinking skills it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 3.01 AFE 3. merges the most current research on teaching and learning when using the computers 3.Student-Teachers VI.22 for student.76 .50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1. exploits IT tools in pedagogical situations (e. In furnishing weekly or monthly computer related tasks such as creating multimedia presentation this question.teachers which .26 . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 72 4.teachers which has attained to the full extent.3.1.07 for student.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.

and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3.teacher has attained to the full extent. In integrating educational technology in teaching that influence human performance.07 for student.13 for student. It is compatible to the mandate of the Commission on Higher Education which is to establish. and for the faculty. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 73 has attained to the full extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 3. In merging the most current research on teaching and learning. Santos Avenue.teachers which has attained to the full extent. 8292).(Republic Act no.27 which has attained to the fullest extent. This category gained a total mean of 3.14 which has attained to the full extent.29 for student.01 for student. maintain. it gained a mean of 3. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. and support a complete.18 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty. it gained a mean for 3. and for the faculty. it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 3.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. In exploiting IT tools in pedagogical situations. Central Bicutan.27 which has attained to the fullest extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent. Table 9 UTILIZATION .

. it gained a mean of 2.2. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan.26 .66 AFE 3.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.23 AFE 2.76 .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. it gained a mean of 3.36 AFUE 2. uses technology in support of the development and delivery of instruction 4.67 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 3.3. applies current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning the learning environment 3.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.23 AFE 2.67 for studentteacher which has attained to the full extent.Student-Teachers VI.55 AFE 3.59 AFE 3. In incorporating educational technology to improve the presentation of work.09 AFE TOTAL 2. and for the faculty.Verbal Interpretation Table 9 illustrates the perception of the respondents of TCU in terms of utilization. and for the faculty. incorporates educational technology to improve the presentation of work 2.32 AFUE 2.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.75 AFE 3.1.4. utilizes the appropriate computerdriven technologies to enhance teaching-learning process 6.75 for student.65 AFE 3. provides experience for actual use of educational technology in teaching 5.23 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 2.51 . In applying current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning the learning environment.36 which has attained to the fullest extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent. employs the effectiveness of realia and model displays as enables of teaching-learning process 2.23 AFE 2.00 .67 AFE 3. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 74 Indicators ST’s Mean VI Faculty ’s Mean VI 1.24 AFE LEGEND: 3.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST.

Central Bicutan.teacher is 2.23 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 75 In using technology in support of the development and delivery of instruction. it gained a mean of 2.65 for student. Santos Avenue. In providing experience for actual use of educational technology in teaching. and for the faculty.teacher attained to the full extent. and for the faculty.55 for student. In employing the effectiveness of realia and model displays as enables of teaching-learning process. it gained a mean of 3.teacher attained to the full extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 2.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Table 10 MASTERY . it gained a mean of 3.66.67 for the student.23 which has attained to the full extent. In utilizing the appropriate computer-driven technologies to enhance teaching-learning process.teacher attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 2.59 for student.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.09 which has attained to the full extent. and for the faculty. it gained a mean of 2.24 which has the same verbal interpretation of attained to the full extent. and for the faculty. The total mean for student.

67 AFE 3. participates in seminar related to educational technology to sharpen knowledge 2.Verbal Interpretation Table 10 illustrates the perception of the respondents in TCU in terms of mastery. establishes introductory knowledge.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.81 AFE 3.2.51 .65 AFE 3.27 AFUE 2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 76 Indicators ST’s Mean VI Faculty’s Mean VI 1.32 AFUE 2.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2. Santos Avenue.36 AFUE 2. In participating in seminar related to educational technology to sharpen knowledge.70 AFE 3.1.67 for student.70 for student. skills and understanding of concept related to technology 5. it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 2.23 AFE 2.77 AFE 3.teacher which .73 AFE 3. and for the faculty.27 AFUE LEGEND: 3.teacher which has attained to the full extent.18 AFE 2.26 .Student-Teachers VI.27 AFUE TOTAL 2.3.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.80 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 2.76 .demonstrates skill in selecting and using websites as source of teaching-learning process 3.00 . Central Bicutan. administers video/power point presentation on the appropriate use of relevant instructional materials 4. provides the best opportunity on appropriate use of instructional materials 2.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST. In demonstrating skill in selecting and using websites as source of teaching-learning process. identifies the different types of educational technology for the integration of learning 6.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.4.

it gained a mean of 2. and a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 2. In administering video/power point presentation on the appropriate use of relevant instructional materials. Central Bicutan. In establishing introductory knowledge. In providing the best opportunity on appropriate use of instructional materials. it gained a mean of 2. Santos Avenue. and for the faculty.18 for the faculty which has attained to the full extent. skills and understanding of concept related to technology.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The total mean for the category is 2. it gained a mean of 2.80 for the student. and a mean of 3. In identifying the different types of educational technology for the integration of learning.23 for the faculty which has attained to the full extent. and 3.teacher which hasattained to the full extent. Table 11 .81 for the student.27 for the faculty which has attained to the fullest extent.27 which has attained to the fullest extent.teacherwhich has attained to the full extent.77 for the student.27 which has attained to the fullest extent. and 3.73 for student teacher which has attained to the full extent. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 77 has attained to the full extent.teacher attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3. the mean is 3.36 for the faculty which has attained to the fullest extent. and for the faculty.65 for the student teacher which has attained to the full extent.

13. a standard deviation of 0.27 0. the student. Santos Avenue.26 .46 AFUE LEGEND: 3.1. a standard deviation of 0. and the faculty has .51 . In utilization.00 .48 AFE 3.24 0.66 0. Mastery 2. the student.4.40 AFE 3. In instruction.teachers has a weighted mean of 3.26 0. Utilization 2.44 AFUE 2.48 which has attained to the full extent.45 AFUE Overall Mean 2.Standard Deviation Table 11 illustrates the integration of educational technology in terms of instruction.76 .2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 78 Extent of Integration Educational Technology Student-Teacher Faculty WM SD VI WM SD VI 1.27 0. a standard deviation of 0.teachers has a weighted mean of 2.48 AFE 3. Instruction 3.13 0. utilization and mastery. Central Bicutan.75 = Not Attained (NA) WM.66.Weighted Mean VI.84 0.35 AFE 3.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.44 which has attained to the fullest extent.Verbal Interpretation SD.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.73 0.38 which has attained to the full extent.38 AFE 3.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.27. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.3.

46 which has attained to the fullest extent. a standard deviation of 0. Table 12 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of Gender Indicators F-value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.516 Accept Mastery 0. the student.27. The student-teachers has a total weighted mean of 2. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3. a standard deviation of 0.424 0.124 0.35 which has attained to the full extent. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 79 a weighted mean of 3. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. 45 which has a attained to the fullest extent.40 which has attained to the full extent.48 which has attained to the full extent.725 Accept Utilization 0. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3.teachers has a weighted mean of 2.24. a standard deviation of 0. In mastery.73.518 0.472 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference .84. a standard deviation of 0.26. a standard deviation of 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 80 Table 12 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational technology of student.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. it has a significant value of 0. 472 which has no significant difference. Table 14 .725 which has no significant difference.516 which has no significant difference. the significant value is 0. the significant value is 0. Santos Avenue.890 0.107which has no significant difference. In the last indicator which is the mastery. Central Bicutan.05 is said to be reject meaning there is a significant difference. In instruction. In utilization. the significant value is 0.040 Reject Utilization 1. it has a significant value of 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. 471 which has is no significant difference.teachers’ profile in terms of course.471 Accept With significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 13 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of student. the significant value is 0. Table 13 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of Course Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 2. In instruction.566 0. In utilization.928 0.107 Accept Mastery 0.040 which has significant difference because according to the decision rule less than 0.teachers’ profile in terms of gender.

249 0. Table 15 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Age Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.934 Accept Mastery 0.092 which has no significant difference.200 0.657 Accept Utilization 0.948 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. it has a significant value of 0.663 0. Central Bicutan.065 which has no significant difference. Santos Avenue.065 Accept Mastery 0.665 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 14 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of student.437 0. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 81 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of School Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 2.092 Accept Utilization 3. In utilization. the significant value is 0. the significant value is 0. In instruction.477 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant . In the last indicator which is the mastery.665 which has no significant difference.864 0.teachers’ profile in terms of school.

424 which has no significant difference. it has a significant value of 0.424 Accept Mastery 0.666 0.644 which has no significant difference.220 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 82 difference Table 15 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of age. Central Bicutan. In instruction. the significant value is 0.756 Accept Utilization 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. Santos Avenue. 477 which has no significant difference.934 which has no significant difference. Table 16 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Gender Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0. the significant value is 0.99 0. it has a significant value of 0. In utilization. .756 which has no significant difference.657 which has no significant difference. In utilization. the significant value is 0. In instruction. the significant value is 0.644 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 16 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of gender.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

In utilization. Central Bicutan.286 Accept Utilization 1.624 which has no significant difference.286 Accept Mastery 1.840 which has no significant difference.840 Accept Mastery 0.189 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference . the significant value is 0.176 0.793 which has no significant difference. it has a significant value of 0.793 Accept Utilization 0.624 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 17 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of academic rank. Table 18 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Length of Service Indicators Frequency Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 1. In instruction.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.483 0.735 0.234 0.370 0. the significant value is 0. Santos Avenue.370 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 83 Table 17 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Academic Rank Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.

509 Significan t Value 0.Teachers and Faculty on the extent of Integration of Educational Technology Extent of Integration of Educational Technology Student-Teacher & Faculty T-test Instruction 1.001 0.286 which has no significant difference. the significant value is 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery.189 which has no significant difference. In utilization.286 which has no significant difference.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.509 which has a significant value of 0.410 0. Table 19 Perception of Student. the T-test value was 1. the significant value is 0.003 Decision Remarks Accept Reject Reject Not Significant Significant Significant Table 19 illustrates the result of findings on the perception of student-teachers and faculty on the extent of integration of Educational Technology Paired Sample T-test is used to find the result of this study and it shown in the table that in the first indicator which was the Instruction. it has a significant value of 0. meaning the first indicator was not .146 Utilization Mastery 3. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 84 Table 18 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of length of service. Central Bicutan. In instruction.909 3.146.

001 which has significant difference because the value of significance was less than 0.909 with significant value of 0. the T-test value is 3. CHAPTER V SUMMARY. It only proved that there was a difference between the assessments of respondents when it comes to utilization of educational technologies in the classroom.05.05 and the decision was accept. therefore the decision was reject. reviewed . In the second indicator which was the Utilization. In last indicator which was the Mastery. the T-test value was 3.003 which has a significant difference. TaguigCity 85 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION significant because the significant value is greater than 0. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Preceding chapters presented the problem of the study. Central Bicutan. This result only proved that there was a difference between the mastery of teachers and student-teachers in the used of educational technologies in the classroom. FINDINGS.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.410 and the significant value is 0. Santos Avenue.

The extent of integration of educational technology as assessed by the group of respondents classified as to: instruction. and 22 faculty of the College of Education in Taguig . The significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the integration when grouped according to their profile. course and cooperating school while in terms of faculty: their age. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 86 the related literature.teacher in the CED at TCU as basis for instructional innovation.teachers out of 371 total population of fourth year. The respondents used in the study were 200 student. Summary This study assessed the extent of Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student. utilization and mastery. Specifically. gender. The significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teachers and faculty.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. draws conclusions and made recommendations. This chapter summarized the findings of the study. and set off the findings. Santos Avenue. out lined the methodology. and length of service. Central Bicutan. the researchers sought to answer the following: The profile of the respondents in terms of student-teachers: their gender. academic rank.

In fact.teachers in Science major. This study used the descriptive research design of McNabb (2009) for it reveals the summary statistics by showing responses to all possible questionnaire items. the Slovin’s formula was used to get the sample out of the population of the fourth year students in the College Of Education at Taguig City University. Student-Teacher . the Researchers found out the following findings: The profile of the respondents: 1. It involved 70 student. both 20 student-teachers in Physical Education and Mathematics majors. Central Bicutan. Findings Subsequent to the computation of each variable used in the study. this research design interpreted a “what it is” approach and described the nature of the situation as it existed in the study. Computation results to 192 respondents (n). In order to get the target respondents of the researchers.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The population of all the fourth year students is 371 (N).teachers in Bachelor of Elementary Education and 130 student-teachers in Bachelor in Secondary Education: 40 student. 50 student-teachers in English major. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 87 City University. This design is also applicable for the study because it explored and determined the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teachers at Taguig City University. Santos Avenue. and the researcher used 5% (e) as margin of errors to assumed that out of 100% there is a 5% errors on the possible result of this study. to be distributed in all majors to get their aimed percentages.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

88

Most of the respondents were female with the frequency of 147 and a
corresponding percent of 73.5.
Most of the respondents came from the Bachelor in Elementary Education
with the frequency of 70 and a corresponding percent of 35.
Most of the respondents were assigned to the different schools of the first
district of Taguig with the frequency of 104 and a corresponding percent of 52.
2. Faculty
Most of the respondents range from the age bracket of 20-25 years of age
with a frequency of 10 and a corresponding percent of 45.5.
Most of the respondents were female with a frequency of 14 and a
corresponding percent of 63.6.
Most of the respondents were rank as Instructor with a frequency of 15 with
a corresponding percent of 68.2.
Most of the respondents were range from 1-3 years of teaching experience
with a frequency of 14 and a corresponding percent of 63.6.

The extent of integration of educational technology as assessed by the
grouped respondents.
Instruction
Most of the respondents have the highest weighted mean in the second
indicator of instruction (plans and integrates technology-based learning activities
that promote student engagement in higher-order thinking skills) with weighted

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

89

mean of 3.22 for the student-teachers response and a verbal interpretation of
attained to the full extent while 3.41 weighted mean for faculty and a verbal
interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
Utilization
Most of the student-teachers respondents have the highest weighted mean
in the first indicator of utilization (incorporates educational technology to improve
the presentation of work) with weighted mean of 2.75 and a verbal interpretation
of attained to the full extent while 3.36 weighted mean for faculty in the second
indicator of utilization (applies current research on teaching and learning with
technology when planning the learning environment)
and a verbal interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
Mastery
Most of the student-teachers respondents have the highest weighted mean in
the fifth indicator of mastery (identifies the different types of educational
technology for the integration of learning)
with weighted mean of 2.81 and a verbal interpretation of attained to the full
extent while 3.36 weighted mean for faculty in the fourth indicator of mastery
(establishes introductory knowledge, skills and understanding of concept related
to technology) and a verbal interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
The difference between the assessments of the respondents on the
integration when grouped according to their profile.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

90

Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their gender have
the highest significant value in the first indicator which is the instruction the value
of significance 0.725, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference.
Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their course have
the highest significant value in the third indicator which is the mastery the
value of significance 0.471, the decision is accept and the remarks is no
significant difference.
Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their school have
the highest significant value in the third indicator which is the mastery the
value of significance 0.665, the decision is accept and the remarks is no
significant difference.
Most of the faculty when grouped according to their age have the highest
significant value in the second indicator which is the utilization the value of
significance 0.934, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference

Most of the faculty when grouped according to their gender have the
highest significant value in the first indicator which is the instruction the value
of significance 0.756, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference.

TaguigCity 91 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Most of the faculty when grouped according to their academic rank have the highest significant value in the second indicator which is the utilization the value of significance 0. the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant difference Most of the faculty when grouped according to their length of service have the highest significant value in the first and second indicator which is the instruction and utilization the value of significance 0.146. The decision is to accept the null hypothesis. The findings of researchers in the first indicator which is the instruction there is no significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology between student-teachers and faculty because the significant value is 0.840. Central Bicutan. In the second and third indicators which are the utilization and mastery there is a significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology between student-teachers and faculty because the value of significance is 0. the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant difference The difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teacher and faculty.286. The decision is to reject the null hypothesis.001 in utilization and 0.003 in mastery. .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.

Most of the schools assigned have a big percentage in the first district of Taguig with almost fifty-two percent. (Senate Bill 297) which mandates the government sufficient funding for providing web facilities in public . Recommendations Based from the findings and conclusions formulated in this research study. In terms of academic rank Instructors were dominated the study and for the length of service one to three years of teaching experience were mostly observed. There is a significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teachers and faculty. Philippine Government. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 92 Conclusion Based on the findings of the study the following conclusions were drawn: Most of the respondents from student. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. They should pass the bill proposed by Senator Cynthia Villiar. Most of the respondents when grouped according to their profile have no significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology. the following recommendations are hereby proposed: 1.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. When it comes to the faculty most of the respondents range from age bracket of twenty to twenty-five years of age and still in terms of gender female respondents were dominated in the study.teachers were female with almost seventyfive percent in number and in terms of course the Bachelor in Elementary Education got the highest percentage with almost thirty-five percent of the respondents.

Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 93 schools. as the same shall be included in the General Appropriation Acts. due to low numbers of students who have access to computers. Taguig City University. it must. they should also pass the bill proposed by Senator Santiago (Senate Bill No. City government of Taguig may ask for donation of equipment and technologies from Department of Science and Technology if the said city is currently travailing monetary deficiency. They should strengthen and develop partnerships among the stakeholders in teacher preparation to . 1468) which encourage private participation by granting a tax incentive for every donation of information technology equipment to our educational institutions. Moreover. 1922) which establish educational technology clearinghouses to facilitate the donation of surplus equipment and technology to schools and libraries from governmental. research. Since the State cannot provide for all of them alone. therefore. it is expected that our public schools will produce quality and computer-literate graduates. both public and private. business. also pass the bill proposed by Senator Estrada (Senate Bill No. With this. and other private institutions.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. It should establish web facilities that are crucial in instruction. Other Higher Educational Institutions. and extension. Santos Avenue. .

They should promote the integration of ICT in the Philippine Educational System to improve the skills of students in Educational Technology.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 94 transform education and ensure technology rich learning environments. In addition. but also to improve teaching. students who were engaged and participated through the use of technology in classroom demonstrates greater content mastery. teachers who use technology in a dynamic way hold their students’ attention. Students Teacher should maximize the use of Educational technology because in teaching with technology it can deepen . Teachers.Through this. For example.This will happen if CHED will be obliged to work with different private institutions to accelerate the development of technology to assist and improve the methods of teaching and our education system in general. They should immerse technology in the educational environment not only to influences many facets of students’ academic learning. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. DepEd should fully supports the continuous improvement of its teaching personnel based on the principle of lifelong learning and further advances in delivery of 21st century skills to all Filipino learners. Student-Teachers. DepEd. the government can not only promote the development of this technology but also encourage private sector participation. By providing grants to eligible consortia.

TaguigCity 95 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION student learning by supporting instructional objectives. Santos Avenue. the giver of all knowledge and wisdom and the source of strength.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. . The CTL is here to help you (novice. integrating those tools can itself be a challenge albeit an eye-opening experience. However. it can be challenging to select the “best” tech tools while not losing sight of your goals for student learning. courage and guidance to successfully finish this research study. Once identified. expert and everyone in between) find creative and constructive ways to integrate technology into your class DEDICATION This research is dedicated to the Almighty God. Central Bicutan.

And To all Students.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. who guide this research in Science Education. who continue to extend their loving support in all aspects of academic studies especially in helping this research possible. . To the City Government of Taguig. To all the Teachers/Professors. may this research become beneficial towards societal advancement. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 96 To the researchers beloved Parents. may this research serve as a guide to help them finish their research in the near future. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan.

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