Republic of the Philippines

City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

1

CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
“Equipping schools with technology is no longer a luxury, it is a necessity. It
is a central component of preparing students for the 21st century. “
In the progression of computers in 1950’s up to the present time,
technology had been continuously developing in the past decades, and had
played many roles in the lives of people. Computer knowledge has now evolved
from a fad to an absolute necessity in the real world. The former Department of
Education Secretary Armin Luistro stated that “It’s not enough that we merely
continue building classrooms and utilities. The real revolution in education which
has long-term effects can only be done through technology.” On the 26 th Annual
Convention of the Philippine Association for Teachers Education, Representative
Egmidio S. Tanjuatco Jr. stated that the youth will most likely depend on the
educators for the knowledge, expertise, and skills that will constitute to globally
competitive Filipinos. In today’s educational setting, teachers must be prepared to
facilitate and guide the use of these tools, and today’s workplace demands
expertise in these various technologies in order to compete in a 21st century
workplace (MacArthur Foundation, 2008).

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
2

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

The Philippines along with other developing countries in Asia, Africa, and
South America are generally interested in educational technology, particularly in
the use of computers, hoping that their educational systems reap the pedagogical
benefits associated with it. The 1987 Philippine Constitution, Article XIV, Section
1, provides that the State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to
quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such
education accessible to all. This study puts into implementation the basic law of
the land, thus that the State shall "establish, maintain, and support a complete,
adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the people and society."
(Sec. 2 [I], Art XIV, 1987 Constitution). Whereas, in this era of advanced science,
more and more countries rely on the usefulness of computer technology in their
respective developmental pursuits. Considering these changing times towards the
advancement of science and technology, there is an imperative need for us to
meet and adapt to these demands. With the Local Government Code of 1991, a
large portion of the functions of the national government such as education was
transferred to the local government; and local colleges and universities were
established and are being run by the local government units. They can develop
computer-based administrative systems for local governance operation in their
respective colleges and universities. It is therefore worth knowing how technology,

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
3

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

through the integration of educational technology helps in making the teachinglearning more self-reliant, empowered, and participatory in Taguig City University.
This study prompted the researchers to deeply analyze the extent of
integration of Educational Technology in Taguig City University that will bolster the
university in promoting quality education which the university offers through
instruction, utilization and mastery. The Researchers believed that the quality
education must be provided by the government to all citizens, and must likewise
put in place a system of education geared towards a path that leads to more
valuable and meaningful services through interoperability and maximization of
resources. There should be proper use of information and communication
technology in school administrations combined with an organizational change and
new skills in order to improve the teaching-learning process. Whereas, in this era
of 21st century, more and more countries rely on the usefulness of educational
technology in their respective developmental pursuit. Considering these changing
times, there is an imperative need for us to cope with the advancement in the 21 st
century learning, for a lifelong professional preparedness and development of
students, as well as the teachers.

e. First large scale usage of new technologies can be traced to US WWII training of soldiers through training films and other mediated materials. Another interesting invention of the 1940's was hypertext. paintings on cave walls.. most existing literatures focus into the application and effectiveness of Educational Technology in the local and foreign scenes. Educational technology in a way could be traced back to the emergence of very early tools.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. PowerPoint presentations + voiceover. based on the idea that people can learn contents trough aural and visual reception.Specifically.. presentation-based technology. this study identified the Integration of Educational Technology by the studentteachers of CED in terms of instruction. i. Frequently based on . Central Bicutan. Today. Therefore. streaming audio and video. Bush's memex. e.. e. but only few research studies were found that take a holistic viewpoint of the status in the educational institutions.g. exists in many forms.g. utilization and mastery. The 1980's and 1990's produced a variety of schools that can be put under the umbrella of the label Computer-based learning (CBL). TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 4 Background of the Study In terms of prior research of Educational Technology. V. Santos Avenue. this study focused on the Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the studentteachers of the College of Education (CED) in Taguig City University.

. these environments focused on teaching both abstract and domain-specific problem solving. simulations (computer environments where learner can play with parameters of dynamic systems) and hypertext. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 5 constructivist and cognitivist learning theories. communication and multimedia have dominated the role of technology in the classroom for the past few years. Some literature uses the concept of integrated learning to describe blended learning scenarios that integrate both school and authentic (e.g. a return of a type of simulations through serious gaming and a technical trend towards delivery with HTML5 (as opposed to proprietary solutions).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The researchers thought of the concept on why educational technology was commonly used by the teachers now a days. With the eruption of the “internet” in the mid 90’s. Preferred technologies were micro-worlds (computer environments were learners could explore and build). Central Bicutan. workplace) settings. and how does it affects the teaching and learning process in the 21st century. The 2000's emergence of multiple mobile and ubiquitous technologies gave a new impulse to situated learning theories favoring learning-in- context scenarios. Santos Avenue. a consolidation of rapid elearning in business. Researchers also found out . The 2010's include MOOCs.

Central Bicutan. et al. and Internet applications. This type of technological use. students using word-processing software such as Microsoft Word to track changes made on a particular written passage to be better able to summarize the material. For instance. TaguigCity 6 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION how effective the schools in governing their faculties by means of strengthening their instructional innovation through the use of technology. . (2007) which describes how students can better understand new material being presented by incorporating technology into their note-taking processes. Theoretical Framework This study was founded on two theoretical anchors such as Instructional Theory and Cognitive Learning Theory. hardware. These systems will also offers explicit guidance on how to better help people learn and develop.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. This study was based on the Instructional Theory of Bloom (1956) which states that there are systems used in the process of improving human ability such as software. The researchers also considered the Cognitive learning theory of Pitler. can help students better understand the more meaningful portions of a text and develop the skill to edit down material for easier recall in the future. Santos Avenue. particularly if it is done in large-group and then small-group or individual settings.

OUTPUT  Proposed Innovations in instruction. utilization and mastery of integration of Educational Technology by the grouped respondents. which was the core of this study. Central Bicutan. .  Described analysis in the instruction. INPUT Profile of the group respondents in terms of:  Age  Gender  Course  Cooperating School  Academic rank  Length of service Extent of Integration of Educational Technology in terms of:  Instruction  Utilization  Mastery PROCESS  Data gathering through survey questionnaire. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 7 Conceptual Framework The issues to be addressed were relative to modern and global technological needs of the students and teachers that should include Integration of Educational Technology.  Statistical data using mean. oneway Anova and paired sample Ttest.

Santos Avenue. based on the perceptions of the student-teachers and faculty of the respondent school.1. utilization. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: 1. and 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 8 This study focused on the relationship between the grouped respondents in terms of profile and extent of integration in instruction. the researchers sought to answer the following: 1.2.3 cooperating school? 1. 1.1. .1.2.1 Student-Teacher 1. Statement of the Problem This study assessed the extent of Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student. and mastery.teacher in the CED at TCU as basis for instructional innovation.2 course. 1. The aforementioned variables assumed to affect in the proposed instructional innovation in Taguig City University.1 age.1 gender.2 gender. Specifically.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan.2 Faculty 1.

What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology as assessed by the grouped respondents classified as to: 2. 2.2. There is no significant difference between the assessment of the respondents and their profile variables.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.3 mastery? 3. 2.3 academic rank. Based on the findings of this study. and 2. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. what innovations in instructions can be proposed? Hypotheses The researchers hypothesized that: 1. Is there a significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teacher and faculty? 5. .1 instruction. There is no significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology between the grouped respondents.4 length of service? 2.2 utilization. Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the integration when grouped according to their profile? 4.2. and 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 9 1.

Higher Educational Institutions. DepEd. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity 10 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Scope and Delimitations The study assessed the extent of integration of Educational Technology in Taguig City University as perceived by the faculty and student-teachers. The study was limited to 200 student-teachers and 22 faculty in the College of Education in Taguig City University. Santos Avenue. . The great demand for student-teachers graduated with Educational Technology background justify the need for more effective life-changing teaching approaches. Curriculum planners. CHED. schools that apply the recommended approach derived from the results of this study will be able to train students better because of a better instructional innovations.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Significance of the Study The findings of this study were beneficial to the Philippine Government. and future researchers considering that Educational Technology plays an important role in academic institutions now a days. utilization and mastery of the said respondents. Thus. StudentTeachers. The focus of the study as far as the Educational Technology was concern includes the instruction. .

in fact in the government has directed different agencies like the CHED and Deped in promoting ICT in order to accelerate its contribution to the development of the national economy. This may motivate the CHED as stated by Hulipaz (2002) in her study to urgently implement its strategic plan for quality excellence in human resource development where Internet and online web is an integral part. The result of the study gave an information to Higher Educational Institutions in National Capital Region to identify their strengths and weaknesses through the perceptions and scale given by web . In fulfilment to this. This study was very relevant with the agenda of CHED to institutionalize the acceleration of an online web linking institutions of higher learning and other knowledge based agencies in the Philippines and abroad. the Commission on Higher Education had set goals for 1998-2005. This study was very significant. TaguigCity 11 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Philippine Government.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Higher Educational Institutions. Santos Avenue. CHED. Central Bicutan. The result of this research will give an appraisal for CHED to monitor and determine as to whether the utilization of online web and educational technology in Higher Educational Institutions in National Capital Regions has been implemented. that is to secure the Philippines position as a knowledgecenter in the Asia-Pacific region and to promote the country in the international academic landscape.

Student-Teachers.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The department of education takes to heart the development of teaches’ potential aimed towards their professional success. The improvement of Educational Technology and utilization in their schools will generate instructional innovations . Deped fully supports the continuous improvement of its teaching personnel based on the principle of lifelong learning and further advances the delivery of 21 st century skills to all Filipino learners. Through this. and to enhance the school curriculum that is match or fit to the need of the community and the industry were the newly graduates may employ. Curriculum Planners. Students benefited in using the Educational Technology in their practice teaching and chosen profession. This will also serve as a pattern in the information of guidelines not only in National Capital Region but also in entire Philippines in general. TaguigCity 12 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION administrators. teachers and students in Educational Technology and utilization in their school and to further improve and develop their strong points and make up for their weaknesses. Curriculum planners made also take this opportunity to realize the importance of technology innovation and integration of technology such as the integration of Educational Technology as a whole. while also promoting the integration of ICT in the public school system. DepEd. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. This would be helpful for the future researchers in making a follow-up study with the same concept or variables. June 1. Faculty are not limited to engineering faculty only but all the faculty in respondent schools regardless of their specialization. using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. 2009) Higher Educational Institutions are the state universities and colleges in National Capital Region under the supervision of Commission on Higher Education that are connected or linked to the web or the net from which the respondent schools were taken. stores and outputs data at high speeds according to programmed instruction. 2004) Educational Technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by cheating. Santos Avenue. Definition of Terms Computer is an electronic device that accepts. (Encyclopedia Encarta. . 2004 Faculty refers to the whole teaching personnel of the respondent schools. (Paragas. Future Researchers. processes. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 13 brought about by the recommendations of this study. AECT.

Technology integration is part and parcel of instructional technology. ed. assignments.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2009) Mastery is a knowledge and skill that allows you to do. reinforce. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 14 Instruction in this study refers to teachers used of the web as a tool presenting their lessons in their major and minor subjects. posting problems. and lessons through the school website and suggesting supplemental materials available in the web. use. Santos Avenue. (Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary) . Central Bicutan. university or graduate student who is teaching under the supervision of a certified teacher in order to qualify for a degree in education. (Wikipedia) Technology Integration means using “learning technologies to introduce. 2000).” (Williams. which in turn is a part of educational technology. supplement and extend skills. Utilization means the use of something. (Merriam Webster Dictionary) Student-Teacher is a college. it is a part of educational technology. Like instructional technology. or understand something very well. (Paragas.

and improving the quality of basic education. It covers both public and private higher education institutions as well as degree-granting programs in all post-secondary educational institutions in the country.(Hyper Text Mark-up Language) is a mark-up language for describing web documents (web pages). CHED.(Department of Education) is the executive department of Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to.(College of Education) is an Institution were the student-teachers are trained. Each HTML tag describes different document content. HTML. While this can refer to the use of computers in a classroom.(Information and Communications Technology) is an umbrella term that . promoting equity in. DepEd. HTML documents are described by HTML tags.(Computer Based Learning) refers to the use of computers as a key component of the educational environment.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity 15 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Acronyms CBL. Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. the term more broadly refers to a structured environment in which computers are used for teaching purposes CED. ICT.(Commission on Higher Education) is attached to the Office of the President for administrative purposes. A mark-up language is a set of mark-up tags.

1945. beginning on September 1. Santos Avenue. cellular phones. television. as well as the various services and applications associated with them. the war between the Axis and the Allies. such as videoconferencing and distance learning. 1939. MOOC-(Massive Open Online Course) a course of study made available over the Internet without charge to a very large number of people.United Sates World War II. Central Bicutan. computer and network hardware and software. TaguigCity 16 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION includes any communication device or application. with the German invasion of Poland and ending with the surrender of Germany on May 8.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. . 1945. US WWII. and of Japan on August 14. encompassing: radio. satellite systems and so on.

educational technology was defined as the use of digital or electronic technologies and materials to support teaching and learning. but as yet relatively few program evaluations focus on adequately capturing improvements in . Central Bicutan. Relevance to present study will give a big picture why these literature and studies from foreign and local were used. Reports of programs that move beyond access to technology (both in program design and evaluation) are emerging. evaluations must also consider how programs are designed and implemented. Educational Technology As for White (2014). how communities are developed and how outcomes are measured. Recognizing that technology alone does not enhance learning. This issue is also reflected in educational technology programs. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 17 CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter was the presentation of literature and studies of foreign and local which may directly or indirectly have bearing to study at hand.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. And while the Millennium Development Goals prompted improvements in access to education. quality remains a challenge. Santos Avenue. how teachers are supported.

These enablers of learning take on certain classifications. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 18 the teaching and learning process or measuring improvements in learning outcomes. Thus. Their purpose is to supplement learning material. knowledge of technology is one of the 21 st century skills identified as important to be developed among learners. the non-print materials include the likes of models. On the other hand. it behooves the teacher not only to gather as many instructional materials as he can for his use. the main idea of which is look at education technology as enhancing educational objectives. vocational tools and media. posters and charts. Santos Avenue. laboratory equipment. This development has radically changed the landscape of educational technology which has been made available for use of teachers and students in schools. Print materials include those which are printed. These include print media like books. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Educational Technology for teaching and learning includes a wide range of enablers or facilitators of teaching and student learning. As claimed by Brawner. drawn or illustrated. In fact. to help in concretizing abstract ideas for better student understanding. but more importantly to develop the skill in making sure that the use of these materials will optimize student learn. The past few years saw the onset of the use of computers in the classroom. .

Situated Cognition and Symbol Systems Theory. The related theories not only cover those mainstream and influential ones. Elaboration Theory. This presentation is reviewing various educational technology related theories. Mainly directed to student teachers. Santos Avenue. it is our goal that this course can help our target learners to weave technology in teaching with software (computer programmed learning materials) becoming a natural extension of their learning tools. The application is mainly to discuss the related theories and research in educational technology and pedagogy of DL instruction through blackboard. Educational technology is a fast-growing and increasingly developed subject in education during the past 50 years. supplementing and extending the knowledge and skills to learners so that they can become exemplary users of educational technology. and Multiple Intelligence. Experiential Learning Theory. TaguigCity 19 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Educational Technology is concerned with “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The focus of the development of its theories and research is oriented into the methods and effectiveness of its implementation. The . Script Theory. such Behaviorism. Cognitivism. Constructivism. Cognitive Flexibility. but also include those extended and popular theories: Anchored Instruction. also professional teachers who may wish to update their knowledge of educational technology. Diffusion of Innovations. Central Bicutan. exploring and discussing up-to-date theoretical research and applications. reinforcing.” Specifically this is focused on introducing.

a decision to use technology to go beyond facts-based . and et. More than thirty years ago.al. TaguigCity 20 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION pedagogy of DL instruction includes the course designing. Thus. Some observations indicate that the most frequent use of computers is for drill-and-skill practice that supplements existing curricula and instructional practices. (Lucido. The use of technology in the classroom has never been underscored than now. the World Wide Web and other innovative technologies have enriched curricula and altered the types of teaching available in the classroom. Technologies as link to new knowledge. resources and high order thinking skills have entered classroom and schools worldwide. Bilbao. helping them to adapt and meet rapid and continuing technological changes. educationist began exploring the use of technology that supports model of teaching that emphasizes learning with understanding and more active involvement. Because of its limitations. 2014) In essence. However. survey data suggest that technology remains poorly integrated into schools despite massive acquisition of hardware. online services. the course aims to infuse technology in the student-teachers training. CD-ROMS. Central Bicutan. Personal computers. particularly in the thriving global information and communication technology (ICT) environment. the dominant model of teaching was directed instruction or lecture in which students memorized facts. 2007) According to LLagas.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. module delivery and objective-oriented assessment strategies. Santos Avenue. Schools access to technology is increasing steadily every day and most of these newer technologies are now even used in traditional classrooms. (Ouyang.

the researchers examine the variation of engagement quality for ten groups. we extend existing engagement frameworks. According to Rogat. social. The researchers conceptualize engagement as multi-faceted (including behavioral. and for what purpose cannot be isolated from theories of teaching and learning that support learning with understanding. To help judge the quality of engagement. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 21 memorization-oriented curricula to a curricula in which learning with understanding is emphasized was embraced when to use technology. However. et al. contextualized and collective. what technology to use. Here. cognitive and conceptual-to-consequential forms).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. the researchers explore the interrelationships among engagement facets and how these relations unfolded over the course of group activity during a lesson. in part due to the narrowness of engagement measures. Central Bicutan. computer-supported collaborative learning environments provide opportunities for students to collaborate in inquiry-based practices to solve authentic problems. Subsequently. which have studied this construct as a stable and decontextualized individual difference.. using technological tools as a resource. but cognitive and conceptual-to-consequential forms are . the researchers have limited understanding of the quality of engagement fostered in these contexts. The results suggest that the quality of behavioral and social engagement differentiated groups demonstrating low quality engagement. dynamic. the researchers differentiate low and high quality collaborative engagement through a close qualitative analysis of two groups. Using the newly developed observational measure.

we can better asserts and exercise our right to education and our right to equal opportunity. These findings indicate the benefits of studying engagement as a multi-faceted phenomenon and extending existing conceptions to include consequential engagement. engagement is evidenced as highly interrelated and mutually influencing interactions among all four engagement facets.” . breakthroughs in the field of ICT (Information Communications Technology) have definitely changed the way we live. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 22 required for explaining high quality engagement. Technology will help end discrimination completely. shop or pay bills online. and connect anyone via social networking. “Since we already have the rears to bridge the gap. the impact of ICT in their lives is life-changing. Central Bicutan. Information Communications Technology According to Lumioan. do business with anyone from any part of the world. Here. which then facilitated consequential engagement. Examinations of interrelations indicate that behavioral and social engagement fostered high quality cognitive engagement.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. But for some people. study or work from the comforts of our home. Santos Avenue. We can communicate instantaneously with our loved ones who lived abroad. among others. with implications for designing technologies that scaffold high quality cognitive and conceptual-toconsequential engagement in a computer-supported collaborative learning environment.

if the teacher wants to emphasize higher-order skills methods as simulations. assemble. methods and technologies for helping learners acquire new knowledge. factual level to begin to think critically and creatively. At times the teacher engages the students in lower-level role learning using drill and practice techniques for basic level learning. problem-solving and cooperative learning will be employed for learners to experience and solve real-world problems. Learners engage in leaner-centered instruction proactively engage with various . make decisions and solve complex real-world problems. implementation and self-evaluation will be emphasized. One consequence of this is the ever. “Today we live in an age of lightning-fast information transfer. Instead of the teacher total control and manipulation. These increased demands dictate changes in the way teachers interact with students. Technology has allowed individuals to obtain. However. learners must rise above the role. In these cases. discovery. Moreover. Prieto and Carreon. Santos Avenue. you will notice a shift in which the learning experience is carried out. the importance of the teacher’s role in planning.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 23 As stated by Vega. Central Bicutan. There are various techniques.” According to Bruer (1993). analyze and communicate information in more detail at a much faster pace than on ever before. these changes must be grounded in an understanding of how a diverse population of individuals learns.increasing demand on education to help all learners acquire higher-level skills that allow them to more readily analyze.

information access and retrieval at texts/ images/ sound/ video in fluency. this same concept is brought about through a vision for teachers to be providers of relevant. technology. the teacher. This framework purposes that curriculum delivery adopts ICT as important tool in education while users implement teaching-learning strategies that conform to the digital environment.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.g. efficient government services. media fluency and digital creativity fluency. . Central Bicutan. This point to the need for an e-curriculum. greater sources of livelihood and ultimately a better way of life through enhanced access to appropriate technologies. or curriculum which delivers learning consonant with the Information Technology and Communication Technology (ICT) revolution. now better referred to as a generation competent in literacies of the 3Rs (or reading. Bilbai. Santos Avenue. Thus among educational goals desired for achievement in the honing of competencies and skills of a new breed of students. TaguigCity 24 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION sources of potential information (e. social networking fluency. Thus is stated: “an electronically enabled society” where all citizens live in an environment that provides quality education. parents. writing and arithmetic) but influences more particularly problem-solving fluency. Following a proto-type outcomes-based syllabus. media) to gain insights into a problem and its possible situations. Dayagbil and Corpuz believed that the role of technology in the curriculum springs from the very vision of the e-Philippine plan. dynamic andexcellent education programs in a post-industrial and technological Philippine society..

in many articles the meaning of “uptake” and “use” is rather vague in that they are not always defined and are often taken for granted.and communication technology (ICT). TaguigCity 25 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Digital technologies embrace several terms. This is also evident in the articles related to the literature review reported here. wikis. Uptake” and “use” are concepts that are often used in relation to digital technologies in primary and secondary schools and occur frequently in peer-review articles written in the empirical field. such as filters for analyzing the problem of “uptake and use”.g. we employ “uptake and use” as a phrase that simultaneously addresses both aspects of digital technologies: something “in use” and something about “to be used” in perhaps new and changing contexts. social media and podcasts (Davies & Merchant. whilst “uptake” could highlight the processes of implementation and integration of new aspects of digital technologies and how they are made use of. Software is often connected to the use of digital technologies too (e. information. these distinctions may only be possible to uphold at a theoretical or analytical level. 2009). Klein & Lapadat. The review includes studies researching different digital technology tools and terms. In a sense. such as computers. However. . Brown. learning management systems (LMS) and digital media like. This often seems to be the case regardless of the scientific discipline of the researchers and is probably due to the fact that these two concepts capture a variety of practices. blogs. However. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 2009). it may be possible to conceptualize “use” as “ongoing use”. Santos Avenue. dimensions and levels related to digital technologies in schools. Consequently. for example.

research. yet little research has been done to measure faculty perceptions of its effectiveness and use. Survey data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A sample of 203 faculty members from 4 Canadian colleges participated in this survey-based. and Roger’s theory of diffusion of innovation provided the theoretical foundations for this study. correlation analysis. The purpose of this quantitative. Banathy’s systems design of education. Santos Avenue. technology experience. The results of the correlation analysis identified a significant inverse relationship between beliefs about ICT integrationand practice in the classroom. and teaching experience in faculty perceptions and use of ICT. Central Bicutan. disciplines. and teaching experience with the use of ICT in the classroom to improve teaching and learning.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. The result of the MANOVA tests indicated significant differences across gender. Constructivism. non-experimental study was to investigate the relationship between ICT integration into teaching and faculty perceptions of ICT use to improve teaching. technology experience. The research questions sought to measure the frequency of ICT integration in college teaching and the perceptions of faculty of its effectiveness. the encouragement . The study also sought to determine if a correlation existed between faculty beliefs and practices regarding ICT integration. TaguigCity 26 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Colleges invest significant amounts of time and money to acquire modern information and communication technologies (ICT) to facilitate faculty use of ICT to improve teaching. discipline. and MANOVA. These findings may be used to promote positive social change through the integration of ICT into curriculum. and whether there were differences across gender.

Santos Avenue. Based on learning through ICT. Glazewski and Hew (2008) have stated. Central Bicutan. ICT makes knowledge acquisition more accessible. selecting. and interpreting information and data. solve problems. Produce a creative learning environment . ICT is used as a tool for students to discover learning topics. Assist students in accessing digital information efficiently and effectively As Brush. 3. organizing. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 27 of ICT training for college instructors. (Chowdhury. and concepts in learning areas are understood while engaging students in the application of ICT. and provide solutions to the problems in the learning process. They build new knowledge through accessing. The use of ICT has been found to: 1. 2009) Benefits of Using ICT in Education The merits of ICT in education have been extolled in the literature. students are more capable of using informationand data from various sources. 2. and critically assessing the quality of the learning materials. Support student-centered and self-directed learning Students are now more frequently engaged in the meaningful use of computers (Castro Sánchez and Alemán 2011). and the development of technology plans to establish more effective ICT integration practices.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

ICT provides more creative solutions to different types of learning inquiries. but also share diverse learning experiences from one another in order to express themselves and reflect on their learning. or iPads. Central Bicutan. Learners can access all types of texts from beginning to advanced levels with ease through computers. Santos Avenue. share. For instance. in a reading class. 4. laptops. Offer more opportunities to develop critical (higher-order) thinking skills . They may further evaluate ICT learning solutions. and more. Promote collaborative learning in a distance-learning environment Koc (2005) mentioned that using ICT enables students to communicate. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 28 ICT develops students’ new understanding in their areas of learning (Chai. Therefore. e-books are commonly used in reading aloud activities. a teleconferencing classroom could invite students around the world to gather together simultaneously for a topic discussion. these e-books may come with some reading applications. games related to reading skills and vocabulary acquisition. and work collaboratively anywhere. For example. They may have the opportunity to analyze problems and explore ideas as well as to develop concepts. ICT involves purpose designed applications that provide innovative ways to meet a variety of learning needs. Koh and Tsai 2010).Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. 5. Students not only acquire knowledge together. relevant vocabulary-building activities. More specifically. which offer a reading-aloud interface. personal digital assistants (PDAs). any time.

Further. and become more confident to take risks and learn from their mistakes. McMahon’s study (2009) showed that there were statistically significant correlations between studying with ICT and the acquisition of critical thinking skills. Through collaborative learning with ICT. Improve teaching and learning quality As Lowther et al. Santos Avenue. Teachers can also authorize students to complete certain tasks with peers or in groups. thus providing more control over course . Serhan (2009) concluded that ICT fosters autonomy by allowing educators to create their own material. students are able to apply technology to the attainment of higher levels of cognition within specific learning contexts. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 29 Based on a constructive learning approach. schools are strongly advised to integrate technology across all of the learning areas and among all learning levels. capability. Thus.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. (2008) have stated that there are three important characteristics are needed to develop good quality teaching and learning with ICT: autonomy. Where this is done. they become more capable of working by themselves and with others. 6. Autonomy means that students take control of their learning through their use of ICT. Central Bicutan. and creativity. A longer exposure in the ICT environment can foster students’ higher critical thinking skills. ICT helps students focus on higher-level concepts rather than less meaningful tasks (Levin and Wadmany 2006). In this way. the students have more opportunity to build the new knowledge onto their background knowledge.

Santos Avenue. With a combination of students’ autonomy. For example. they can develop the capability to apply and transfer knowledge while using new technology with efficiency and effectiveness. but also to learn the definitions and examples of a new vocabulary item. and select the one that best meets their learning needs. With regard to capability. capability. the use of ICT can improve both teaching and learning quality. and television. 7. students’ creativity can be optimized. once students are more confident in learning processes. and creativity. In addition. They then have to make a recording of their own pronunciation and provide examples of how this new word is used in context. finding good software to record their voice is another prerequisite for these learners. students may be asked to practice their pronunciation using an online audio dictionary. CDs. TaguigCity 30 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION content than is possible in a traditional classroom setting. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. the whole learning process enriches students’ learning skills and broadens their knowledge beyond what they already know. in an ESL listening and speaking class. They will have to browse several online dictionaries. They are required not only to listen to the native pronunciation from the dictionary. They may discover new multimedia tools and create materials in the styles readily available to them through games. Before completing this task. By using ICT. Support teaching by facilitating access to course content . Therefore. they have to know which browser to use in order to search a suitable online audio dictionary.

In sum. The main responsibilities of these teachers will be changing their course format. In the following sections. and ICT infrastructure.centered approach. and necessary technological support are available from institutes for the teachers. Based on the findings of Reid’s study. Selection and Use of Instructional Materials . administrators. these barriers are classified into four categories based on the perspectives of students. Central Bicutan. While ICT is changing teaching and learning for the better in several ways. as Reid (2002) has indicated. equipment. If the encouragement. This relationship boosts students’ confidence when they are able to help teachers with technical issues in the classroom.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. ICT offers students more time to explore beyond the mechanics of course content allowing them to better understand concepts. teachers reported that the relationship between teacher and learner is sometimes reversed with regards to information technology. Santos Avenue. and requires teachers to be more creative in customizing and adapting their own material. developing an ICT class will be easier for them. teachers. TaguigCity 31 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Watts-Taffe et al. ICT changes the traditional teacher. The use of ICT also changes the teaching and learning relationship. and arranging for the computer lab through their technology learning specialists or assistants. Therefore. creating and explaining the new assignments. (2003) found that teachers can act as catalysts for the integration of technology through ICT. the existing literature has also identified some barriers.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and local resources from the environment. flip charts. The use of instructional technologies has an impact on students’ content acquisition and adds to class performance. Beggs (2000) notes that research has shown that it is not only the technology that is important. but also how it is used that improves learning and increases pupils’ interest. sustained interest. computers. There are two subjects in Educational Technology of three units each. overheads and chalkboard not only keeps students’ interest but also responds to the needs of those who receive information in different ways. The technologies studied were chalkboards. where the use and selection of instructional materials will be exhaustively discussed. projectors and computers. CD-ROMS. However. videos have been available in some schools. TaguigCity 32 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION According to Corpuz and Salandanan (2013). more teaching technologies such as recordings. computers. this study was designed to establish how instructional technologies were used by tutors in those colleges. In view of this. Properly selected and used its impact on the attention. Of late. All instructional materials are aids to instruction and using videos. since not much was known about the use of technologies in teacher training colleges in Malawi. there is no drab lesson if appropriate media is used in its presentation. The research questions were (a) How often did . videos. It is not surprising to see these materials. overhead projectors. devices and instruments accumulated in every teacher’s storehouse. Santos Avenue. and participation of students has long been recognized to a point that this wide collection of teaching tools earned the little “sub-strategies”. Central Bicutan.

Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. which was attributed to lack of training. and Montfort Teacher Training Colleges. unavailability of the technologies. overhead projectors. TaguigCity 33 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION tutors use instructional technologies in their teaching? (b)What reasons did tutors have for using and not using instructional technologies in their teaching? (c)Howdid college tutors perceive their competence levels in using instructional technologies? (d)What attitudes did the college tutors have towards the use of instructional technologies? (e)What did tutors consider important factors in influencing their use of instructional technologies? The sample consisted of tutors from Karonga. Lilongwe. Joseph’s. In addition to the tutors. The study concludes with a suggested process for how government and the teacher . and lack of maintenance. St. Blantyre. a snapshot study was conducted with faculty at Domasi College of Education to establish how use of computer technology was established and sustained and what lessons could be learned that could assist the teacher training colleges as they encourage computer use among their tutors. and computers. who completed a survey designed to address the research questions. videos. Central Bicutan. Constant training and peer support on how to use the instructional technologies are some of the lessons to be learned from Domasi College of Education. The failure to use the locally available resources by some of the tutors was attributed to lack of creative thinking as well as lack of initiative to use the local environment in their teaching. The results of the survey that was conducted with the tutors revealed that there was infrequent use of higher order instructional technologies i.e.

Plafrey and Gasser (2008) suggest that by allowing technology to influence student creativity. (Littman. 2005). Several possibilities for further research on the use of instructional technologies have been highlighted. The influences related to the use of online technology may work as a catalyst to improve learning. Hooper (2002) advocated educators must redesign their educational system and teachers must be trained to use and design the use of technology. and innovation instead of . self-expression.. In addition. teachers who use technology in a dynamic way hold their students’ attention.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. For example. it also affects teaching. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 34 training institutions can work collaboratively to maximize the use of instructional technologies in the teaching and learning process for prospective teachers. a stimulated and active learning environment. 2009) Instruction The immersion of technology in the educational environment not only influences many facets of students’ academic learning. therefore. teachers can create greater learning and educational opportunities. and. Central Bicutan. Through the integration of technology and web facilitated instruction. 2003). communication. students who were engaged and participated through the use of technology in classroom demonstrate greater content mastery (Gulek & Demirtas. Santos Avenue. (Lowther et al.

The Bridge IT programme (India and Tanzania) provided evidence of improved learning outcomes from teachers’ use of smartphones to play video lessons for their classes via flat-screen TVs or data-projectors. PowerPoint can also be a wonderful tool for students and teachers to give out information. . Santos Avenue. 2008). According to a poll conducted at Pennsylvania State University the following themes emerged regarding technology expectations among students: What is considered technology by this generation is not confined to simply computers or the Internet: Technology is viewed as any electronically based application or piece of equipment that meets a need for access to information or communication. teachers will aid the digital have-nots and know-nots by increasing their digitally related skills and experience. In Tanzania. Central Bicutan. (Young.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. A PowerPoint presentation used on an interactive whiteboard can be especially interesting since students and teachers can manipulate information with a simple touch to the screen. (Roberts. and Technologies that are often considered to be novel and very new by many adults are a basic part of this generation daily lives. students showed average gains of 10–20% over control groups for maths and science. It is something that adapts to their needs. if used properly. not something that requires them to change. 2005) One of the most common used software in teaching and learning is PowerPoint. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 35 stifling it. Teachers also had activity guides to support or extend the video lessons.

simulations. multimedia networks. It is said ‘I hear and I forget. it is difficult for the teacher to respond and provide feedback to each student.and postintervention in India. while some groups of students excelled. auditory learners and kinesthetic learners. Utilization Technology can be used for individualized instruction in order to bridge the gaps between the teaching styles and the learning styles. These showed a 31% increase in the proportion of lessons identified as ‘high quality’.’ The animations.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. there were average gains of 10% over control groups for science. music. Central Bicutan. In an ordinary classroom with one teacher. Santos Avenue. 2012). The use of technology can be made to address the visual learners. with a corresponding 24% drop in the proportion of (traditional) ‘direct instruction’ lessons ((Oblinger&Oblinger. BridgeIT also carried out systematic classroom observations pre. The programmed instruction models as suggested by Skinner can be used to provide learners learn at their own pace and give immediate feedback. create virtual realities and experience for the learners. etc. speech. 2005). In India. but no gains for English (Wennerstan & Qureshy. software packages to teach various subjects. 2011). others showed modest gains if any (Enge. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 36 However. Multimedia tools provide a wide range of sensory stimuli. I do and I understand. help in making . image enhancements. I see and I remember. which in turn.

efforts are been made to make the teachers aware of the use of technology through pre-service and in service courses. In addition. Hence. Edu. Teacher training now involves a continuum of learning. from preservice training. Educational Innovations certainly do not come about automatically. ‘an able teacher need to find ways and means to improve their teaching techniques – using IT is one of them. planned. programs also aim towards making the teacher’s techno savvy and teach using the computers. However. Santos Avenue. ICT also facilitate the new paradigm in teacher training that is emerging. Central Bicutan. useful and joyful experience and retain knowledge for a longer time (Shamsha Emanuel. Tech. almost 80% of the teachers in developing countries feel that they are not prepared to use the technology. 2010). the use of Information Technology in teaching requires competencies on the part of the teacher and has indeed made the profession more challenging.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. They have to be invented. It is rightly said. 2010) e-Learning provides a way for teachers to gain new knowledge and skills. (Shamsha Emanuel. to in-service workshops and short courses. and to ongoing lifelong professional development. TaguigCity 37 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION learning a more direct. initiated and implemented in a way that will make educational practices more adequately geared to the changing objectives of instruction and make them more consistent with changing standards of instruction. According to the UNDP statistics in the year 2001. .

Central Bicutan. computer self-efficacy and accessibility. the study was conducted to explore the barriers in utilizing educational technology among lecturers in their teaching practices in a community college in Malaysia. Institution also recommended to provide more training for lecturers to sharpen their teaching skills by utilizing the educational technology. Barriers that have been identified can be categorized into lecturers’ computer selfefficacy. However. technical support in utilizing the educational technology. The study examined the barriers to integrating computer technology in middle school curriculum and formulated possible strategies to help educators overcome identified barriers for the benefit of students and the educational program. Moreover. this study also aims to identify lecturer's perception towards the usage of the educational technology. the technical supports need to be enhancing Internet and computer facilities. Amram and Rusli. Santos Avenue. Three hundred and ninety-seven survey instruments were personally .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity 38 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION As for Azlim. administrator support. Ranks of the barriers from the higher mean score that have been identified are technical support. The result from this study found that the lecturers in the community college have positive perceptions that educational technology enhances their teaching practices and students’ performance. Analysis found that lecturers of the community college are ready to utilize the educational technology in their teaching practice. and support from administration. accessibility of the educational technology. A structured questionnaire was distributed to all lecturers in the institution and 72% from the lecturers agreed to participate as respondents.

(c) staff meetings with computer technology experts to present new and innovative ideas to the middle school teachers.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. 2009) Teaching Strategies As for Salandan (2009). The data from this survey was sufficient to identify barriers and offer possible strategies. These strategies are (a) provide in-services at the end of a workday. teaching strategy is as an educational endeavour that engages students in activities that will enable them to acquire knowledge and . and (d) technology equipment in properly working order that would allow middle school teachers to utilize computer technology when they desired to do so. The respondents were representative of teachers in Mahoning and Trumbull Counties. The study also identified possible strategies for future use that would encourage teachers to utilize computer technology in the classroom. (b) the lack of training. (b) have a technology support staff person available to middle school teachers on a daily basis. and (e) the cost associated with computer technology classes at a university or college. Santos Avenue. The survey data identified five factors as possible barriers to the utilization computer technology in the classroom. (Cavucci. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 39 delivered to middle schools in the state of Ohio. (c) the lack of time to successfully integrate computer technology into the classroom. These barriers are (a) technology equipment that did not function properly or did not function at all. (d) the students’ familiarity with computer technology and/or lack of computer technology in students’ homes.

teachers. This rule applies to administrators as well. et al (2005). Learning is the ultimate goal. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 40 skills. In the art of teaching. A teacher’s skill. the favoritism of the teacher can also affect the learning process of the students. This assumption allows for many teachers to utilize educational approaches that they witnessed growing up. The systematized actions end with the development of competence in applying the knowledge and skills acquired and practicing the mural standards gained. Santos Avenue. If the teacher serves as an ideal role model. demonstrates competence. when their own students struggle to succeed. The way their . at the same time develop worthwhile values and attitudes. are not aware of the vastly different worlds their students live in. in the subject he or she is teaching. anythinga teacher does is going to be scrutinized by the students. expertise and willingness can help student to learn.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Instead. the students will respond positively. It consists of organized activities aimed at inducing learning. they assume that their students are just like them. Central Bicutan. especially at the novice level. This is achieved by stimulating positive interactions as a teacher and her students go through a well-planned step-by-step procedure thin is directed towards a desired learning outcome. In the contrary. they blame the child because the methodology had been effective in their own schooling. Faculty According to Gallavan. As a result. as well as confidence.

rather than the digitaltechnology in itself embodies certain qualities that guarantee good teaching and learning outcomes. visions and attitudes that favour the uptake and use of digital technologies in schools. and aspects like teachers’ motives. Central Bicutan. ideas. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 41 teachers deal with them is one thing. in his research review. students do not understand it easily. as well as in relation to the initial teacher education for developing the pedagogical skills.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. teachers’ professional development and teacher education in relation to the uptake and use of digital technologies in schools. For example. Santos Avenue. Ferdig (2006) concludes that from a teacher perspective the most valuable aspect is that the uptake and use of digital technologies can motivate increased quality in teaching. They will be confused on things regarding on how and why the teacher has their favorite students (Gaudencio V. Teachers’ professional development is also in focus and is often related to the use of digital technologies in specific school subjects. Though teachers have different strategy on imparting knowledge. Most of the research identified in this theme seems to be coherent. Aquino 1975) The identified theme concerns research on teachers. An agreement seems to exist that teachers are playing a crucial role in the process of uptake and use of digital technologies and in the development of new practices pervaded by digital technologies. . beliefs. Teachers are seen as key players for the uptake and use of digital technology. confidence and competence are highlighted.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

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Sipilä (2010), on the other hand, claims that the uptake of digital
technologies in school is a process that is mediated by teacher characteristics,
technological framework and the conditions within the school. According to Sipilä’s
findings, based on quantitative data collected by the use of an online
questionnaire, providing teachers with laptops can be a way of enhancing the
teachers’ use of digital technologies both at work and in their spare time. He
argues that when the use of modern digital technology is not tied to a specific time
or place, teachers will have more time to evaluate the possibilities provided by the
technology, which in turn will probably increase the use of digital technologies in
the classroom. In relation to their empirical study, Ward & Parr (2010) discuss the
possibility of reframing the question of digital technology. They argue that
teachers who understand the use of digital technologies and the subsequent
benefits to teaching and learning are probably more willing to learn, try new things
and move away from more traditional classroom practices conclude in a
qualitative study that teachers’ learning experiences with digital technologies are
facilitated and empowered through long-term collaboration with colleagues and
students over time. They also argue that becoming familiar with digital
technologies cannot be perceived as a linear process. These researchers
emphasize the importance of teachers being assisted in their uptake and use of
digital technologies.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity
43

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Education encounters, in modern times, challenges in all aspects of social,

economic & cultural life; the most important of which are over-population, overknowledge, education philosophy development & the change of teacher’s role, the
spread of illiteracy, lack of the staff & the technological development & mass
media (Aloraini, 2005, p. 30–32). This drove the teaching staff to use the modern
teaching technologies to face some of the main problems, which education & its
productivity encounter, by increasing the learning level which may be achieved
through providing equivalent opportunities for all people whenever & wherever
they are, while taking into account the individual differences between learners. To
improve the educational productivity, some of the teaching staff sought to
mainstream technology within education, developing traditional techniques &
using new educational methods. Mainstreaming the technological media within
what is called ‘‘Multimedia’’ is the pattern which led to infinite applications of
computer technologies. The concept of this technology came into being with the
appearance of sound cards, then compact disks, then came the use of digital
camera, then the video which made computer an essential educational tool.
Nowadays, multimedia expanded to become a field on its own. The concept of
multimedia technology is broad & it has infinite usage fields; it is a profound
element as an educational technology in addition to its use in medical & statistical
domains & in establishing databases. Moreover, the entertainment sector is one of
the sectors that had the lion’s share in using this technology. Interaction is the
main element in multimedia technology as most of its applications are

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

44

characterized by interaction. Consequently, multimedia programs may provide a
more effective & more influential experiment than using each technology
separately. The researcher thinks that multimedia is one of the best educational
techniques because it addresses more than one sense simultaneously, as it
addresses the senses ofsight & hearing. Multimedia programs provide different
stimuli in their presentations which include a number of elements some of which
are (Aloraini, 2005, p. 55–75): Texts, spoken words, sound & music, graphics,
animations and still pictures.
These elements were mainstreamed in a comprehensive presentation so as to
provide effective education, which in turn will support the participation of the
different senses of the learners in diverse syllabi.
Mary Chamberlain (2002) said that that great teacher make a difference.
They have passion that seeps through the skin- a love of learning. Great progress
(‘a revolution’) was made but a working hum and engagement is now not enough.
What are now needed are quality learning conversations between teachers and
learners. It is about extending rather than supervising, about linking to the child’s
world, about creating lines of desires, about not seeing the curriculum as a
straightjacket. The curriculum it seems is more a direction.

Practicum
According to Bodiongan (2015), Technology, man’s continuous effort to
simplify task for the benefit of life, flutters very fast like time. It’s an ongoing trend

Those strategies before. Obviously. Mary’s College of Tagum. In today's world technology is a very important part of our lives. An excellent strategic plan that allows practicumers to be freshly updated with the innovations in education before being sent outside the school’s premise to practice their chosen profession. the main concern here is technology. That’s why teacher-education students are molded with the intervention with these trends. Santos Avenue. I grew up with the traditional set-up of classroom. for . how has technology changed the classroom. Central Bicutan. that’s why professional education subjects with relation to technology are included in the curriculum. is on how teachers can integrate technology inside the teaching-learning process yielding successful learning. However. the real thing here that teacher-education students are expected to have. I suppose that everything the teacher used (compared today) is almost out-dated and obsolete. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 45 that allows a lot of innovations that makes life even more satisfactory to live. Relating technology to education.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Technology and education both has a relationship with teaching. is offered penultimate before PSTs are employed to schools for practicum here in St. In recent years technology in the schools has change drastically. but not the classical usage of the internet. and how has it integrated into the classrooms? Then we might also wonder how much does technology influences students learning ability and teacher's ability to include technology in the academic curriculum. which. we might ask. Educational Technology is concerned with “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning”. that’s why Educational Technology exists.

and content delivery networks (CDNs). Santos Avenue. In this dissertation. an e-learning network eliminates campus boundaries by providing infrastructure for information flows regionally. storage area networks (SANs). are now inappropriate. So.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. E. knowledge repositories. nationally. the proper teaching protocols appropriate to the needs and interests of the modern students. regional. the author applied the SDLC methodology for design and development of an e-learning network based on findings of a chronological . and international research and education configurations. as well as metropolitan. As demonstrated in this dissertation. An e-learning network supports a wide range of applications and services and facilitates access to diverse e-learning implementations including virtual laboratory (V-lab) environments.Learning E-learning networks are used by academic institutions such as Regis University to support synchronous and asynchronous delivery of online courses and programs. this subject served as an eye opener to future mentors. Central Bicutan. A systems development life cycle (SDLC) methodology enables academic institutions to design and develop e-learning networks that meet educational goals and objectives and provide access to current and next-generation research initiatives. The goal of the research was to assess the capabilities of the SDLC in enabling academic institutions to design and develop new e-learning networks and/or upgrade and enhance in-place e-learning networks. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 46 me. and internationally.

(Conn.T respondents result with a composite mean of 4-1 and composite mean of 4. This system allows them to create online groups/ section for the student to pass assignments online and take quizzes online. The Web App was evaluated by I. This proves that it was a highly acceptable in terms of . Professors and students want to have an easy but convenient website application that helps them record and track grades of students and give them information about their class. Dizon and Altarres (2014) E-Learning Portals made a great contribution in the lives of students and professors as of terms of information about the school or university.4 from Non-I. My SQL for the database and Photoshop for the graphical user interface. Central Bicutan.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. I. and deployment of an e-learning network capable of meeting current and projected institutional goals and objectives.T and Non-I. 2009) According to Rosaria. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 47 case study of the e-learning Academic Research Network (ARN) at Regis University between 2001 and 2005. the researchers decided to develop UMAK E-Learning Portal.T respondents. Santos Avenue. This system was made successfully through the use of PHP as programming language. a web application that provides information about the section of student. The web application also allows the professors to post announcement to their sections and make the students interact with this. The outcomes of this investigation demonstrate the role of the SDLC methodology as an enabler of design.T respondents. Because of this. development.

Program Thrust of CHED for Quality Education and Excellence According to the Commission on Higher Education (1997). Santos Avenue. CHED come up with development programs that are implementable with specific activity thrusts. This department also seeks to develop the Higher Education Information System and to establish communication superhighway through networking or Internet linkages. The composite mean of 4. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. scholarship grants and international convention. communication highway. networking and internet linkages.4 from web app gives satisfaction to the users. In accordance with the goals of the higher education that are cited in the preceding. etc. TaguigCity 48 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION functionality. efficiency and usability. it is the declared policy of the State to establish. maintain. . Regional capabilities in science and technology education.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Policies. institutional and academic standard. and support a complete. The action plan of this department for 2011-2016 includes the modernization of facilities of SUC’s and LUC’s providing ICT equipment and upgrading facilities in order to enhance their instruction and extension. Quality and excellence can be achieved via the development of Center of excellence in different disciplines. reliability. Higher education information system. Central Bicutan. Academic exchanges between and among local and international HEI’s.

03. Central Bicutan. institutional and individual returns and benefits derived from the utilization of higher education resources. The goals of higher education is ensuring the attainment of empowered and globally competitive Filipinos via: Quality and excellence. The degree of implementation of the teaching and learning with technology is . TaguigCity 49 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION This program thrust delves on strengthening the human resources capabilities of HEI’s and CHED and optimize foreign assistance in critical areas like agricultural technology education. relevance and responsiveness require generation and diffusion of knowledge in the broad range of disciplines relevant and responsive todynamically changing domestic and international environment. It has an aggregate mean of 4. Santos Avenue. implying that teaching and learning with technology is highly prioritized in the HEIs and needs to be done in the next 3 years. In terms of quality and excellence. access and equity or broadening the access of deserving and qualified Filipinos to higher education opportunities. this goal calls for provision of undergraduate and graduate education which meet international standards of quality and excellence. and Efficiency and effectiveness. Level of Prioritization of Teaching and Learning The study of Marcial (2012) reveals that the level of prioritization of teaching and learning with technology in HEIs in the Philippines is high. and efficiency and effectiveness will optimize social. Access and equity.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Relevance and responsiveness. environmental and maritime education.

the results can be revolutionary. Government Support In his education proposal. showing that teaching and learning with technology is already in the strategic plan of the HEIs. Schools which excelled by the implementation of Educational Technology Innovative technologies not only have the potential to evolve pedagogical practice. It has an aggregate mean of 3. and that using the latest technology in the classroom should not be an end unto itself. however. transforming itself from some of the lowest performing schools in the region. Intermediate School 339 (USA) is one learning environment that has demonstrated this potential. . to one of the most successful. action has yet to be done. as students. illiteracy. President George W. Bush (2003) stated. but also completely transform entire learning environments. Yet too many children in America are segregated by low expectations. Santos Avenue. the quality of our public schools directly affects us all as parents. and self-doubt.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. When technology is leveraged with a very strategic vision and change management plan. and as citizens.21. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 50 moderate. In a constantly changing world that is demanding increasingly complex skills for its workforce. This Administration believes schools should use technology as a tool to improve academic achievement. children are literally being left behind. Central Bicutan.

and national tests. 2. found that students with access to any 23 number of technologies showed positive gains in achievement on researcher constructed tests. (Young. Research studies reviewed in the article by Honey (2005) found many examples of improvements in student learning with regular use of technology in the classroom. 2008) Objectives of NHERA-2 The following objectives for 2009-2018 shall be pursued under NHERA-2 are as follows: 1. These practices not only make places like Intermediate School 339 and Shady Hill Innovative Learning Environments. (Groff. projectors and various other digitaltechnologies into the classroom – to also infuse the practice of innovating into the campus. Enhance research productivity of HEIs in distinctive areas of . TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 51 The Shady Hill School in Cambridge. In addition. Santos Avenue. particularly the Philippine universities whose main business is to generate knowledge towards international competitiveness. 2013). standardized tests. Massachusetts (USA) used a twoyear technology-infusion project – injecting laptops.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. but also continually Innovating Learning Environments. in 1999. Honey cites Schater who. Specifically. Improve research capability of HEIs. these studies examined improvements made by fourth grade English/Language Arts students who took the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System test and improvements in the reading proficiency scores of students who took the Michigan Education AssessmentProgram test. Central Bicutan.

biotechnology. information and communications technology. The application of computer skills to the other learning areas is a curriculum policy that stems from the principle that teaching-learning must not be textbook. nanotechnology. particularly for higher education c. 2013) Policies on the Use of Technology in Education in the Philippines Technology must be studied first as a separate subject. (NHER-2. (Park et al. TaguigCity 52 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION competence. An education modernization program will equip schools with facilities. national and regional higher education development. Promote and facilitate dissemination and utilization of research outputs. 2002) Memorandum issued by DBM and CHED . 3. and educational processes should take advantage of technological developments. and materials science). Santos Avenue. then applied in other learning areas as a tool for learning how to learn.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. developing innovative programs in cutting edge higher education fields (e. advancing the frontiers of knowledge in the disciplines 4. materials and skills and introduce new learning and delivery systems necessary to capitalize on recent technological developments. Central Bicutan. b.g. and d. Generate knowledge/ technologies needed for a.driven. including the application of ICT in teaching and learning. International. equipment. where appropriate. policy/ plan formulation.

appropriations for current operating expenditures and other related factors. number of dormitories and residents. upon implementation of RA 6758 also known as the Salary Standardization Law in 1989. many of the universities and colleges have outgrown their levels quantitatively and qualitatively.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Research Capability and Outputs within the last three year. TaguigCity 53 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION The Department of Budget and Management and Commission on Higher Education issued joint circulars numbers 1-A on October 24. Philippine Laws that Support the Usage of Technology in Education . The leveling instrument needs updating to make it more sensitive to the state of development of universities and colleges to take into account the level of performance of an institution in the areas of instruction. resources devoted to research. However. as well as management of resources. Based on these two departments. the nine levels were compressed into four levels such as Quality and Relevance of Instructions. Central Bicutan. Santos Avenue. hence. extension and non-formal training activities. Under NCC 12. research and extension. faculty size and profile. universities and colleges were categorized into nine levels which were determined through a quantitative evaluation of enrollment size. 2003 and 1-B on June 27. 2007 that provide the Colleges and Universities leveling instrument and guidelines for the implementation thereof. relations with and services to the community and management resources. theirs stages of development need to be reevaluated. number of programs.

Santos Avenue. provides: The State shall give priority to education. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. Article XIV. culture and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism. The main thrust of higher education is to achieve equity. Article XIV. and support a complete. innovation. Article II. efficiency and high quality in the institutions of higher learning in . invention. and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities. Section 17. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 54 The Constitution. The Education Act of 1982 declares that “Higher Education will be geared towards the provision of quality education. accelerate social progress. 1 provides: SEC. and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. It shall support indigenous. adequate. The State shall: (l) Establish. and their utilization. and services. 1. Central Bicutan. arts. The State shall give priority to research and development. maintain. and their application to the country's productive systems and national life. The Constitution. and promote total human liberation and development. Sections 1 and 2. and to science and technology education. training. para.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Section 10 provides: Science and Technology are essential for national development and progress. appropriate. The Constitution. science and technology.

Guided by research findings from cognitive psychology and other related areas. 8292). Santos Avenue. Central Bicutan. However. (Republic Act no. and support a complete. it is also right to mention that technologies can also distract students. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 55 both public and private so that together they will provide a complete set of program offerings that meet national and regional development needs.off usage when the child overuses their allowance for the month. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. to ask them to pay-up when their mobile runs out of money. there is no doubt that modern technology has an effect on the study habits of students today. Ma. (David.” . The positive side of modern technology is that it makes things easier for students to research for their homework and projects. “Usage of this gadget can be controllable. Shiela Escuro (2009) says that. teachers can create environments in which students actively engage in cognitive partnerships with educational technology. It’s up to the parents to teach their child to be responsible on their mobile phones. 2000) As stated by Celeste (2010). Or to get some agreement from the mobile companies that automatically cut. Commission on Higher Education which is to establish.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. maintain. Synthesis Teachers who learn to integrate educational technology may go on to conceptualize their roles in the classroom.

This will all boil down to the age and the self-discipline of the student. As a result. Using the internet itself can be distracting because of all the social networking sites and the games that are available with just one click. Students now have numerous options available to them when it comes to learning techniques. . the world is changing fast. Santos Avenue. the way students study has changed significantly. Central Bicutan. Furthermore discussed by Fabian. Technology continues to advance at lightning speed and anyone who doesn’t keep up is in danger of being left behind. Of course there is the usual cellphone. We cannot deny the fact that technology can be a distraction in studying. the need to spend hours and hours sitting in the library has reduced dramatically. iPod and iPad which can really distract the students. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 56 According to Fabian (2007). While books still remain a valuable tool.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

this research design interpreted a “what it is” approach and described the nature of the situation as it existed in the study. and statistical treatment for answering the proposed topic of investigation. the procedures done. 29. This design is also applicable for the study because it explored and determined the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teachers at Taguig City University. was established through Ordinance No.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 57 CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This chapter discussed the research design and the respondents used in the study. Santos Avenue. Research Locale Taguig City University or TCU. Research Method This study used the descriptive research design of McNabb (2009) for it reveals the summary statistics by showing responses to all possible questionnaire items. Series of 2004 of the Sangguniang Bayan . a Philippine Local University. Central Bicutan. the techniques implied. In fact.

Municipal Government of Taguig. Pamantasan ng Taguig (PnT). Santos Ave. Central Bicutan. Series of 2004 (enacted 6 September 2004. was established through Ordinance No. Upper Bicutan. Cruz as co-sponsors). TaguigCity 58 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION ng Taguig on the 6th day of September 2004 at the Municipal Government of Taguig. Taguig City. authored by Councilor Aurelio Paulo R. later renamed Taguig City University (TCU) upon conversion of the Municipality of Taguig to "cityhood" on 8 December 2004. . 29.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Bartolome with Councilor Marisse Balina-Eron and Councilor Allan Paul C. It was located at Gen. Santos Avenue.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 59 Population and Sampling Techniques In order to get the target respondents of the researchers. and the researcher used 5% (e) as margin of errors to assumed that out of 100% there is a 5% errors on the possible result of this study. Slovin’s Formula: n = sample N = population e = margin of errors Percentage: P= n f x 100 P = percentage f = frequency n = sample .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. to be distributed in all majors to get their aimed percentages. Computation results to 192 respondents (n). The population of all the fourth year students is 371 (N). Central Bicutan. the Slovin’s formula was used to get the sample out of the population of the fourth year students in the College Of Education at Taguig City University. Santos Avenue.

teachers in Bachelor of Elementary Education and 130 student-teachers in Bachelor in Secondary Education: 40 student. and 22 faculty of the College of Education in Taguig City University. utilizations and mastery as utilized by the student-teachers in Taguig City University. This was used to have fairness in choosing the desire number of respondents. . It involved 70 student. 50 student-teachers in English major. Central Bicutan. Demographic Description of the Respondents The respondents used in the study were 200 student.teachers inScience major. both 20 student-teachers in Physical Education and Mathematics majors. The researchers’ questionnaire was composed of the extent of integration of Educational Technology in terms of instructions. They had the equal probability of being chosen.teachers out of 371 total population of fourth year. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 60 The researchers used Simple Random Sampling Technique to disseminate the survey questionnaires to the target respondents of this study. Research and Evaluation The researchers adapted the questions mostly in the Field Study Handbook 3 which is “Technology in the Learning Environment.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.” Other questions came from the survey questionnaire in the internet.

26-4. the first draft of questionnaire was prepared. After all the comments and suggestions were considered. a likert scale was established by the researcher. course. age. cooperating school.00-1.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.00 Attained to the Fullest Extent 2.56-3. (Basilio.25 1. 2009) Likert Scale Range Interpretation 3.75 Attained to the Full Extent Attained to the Less Extent Not Attained Validation of Instruments Used The questionnaire was presented to the research adviser for some corrections and suggestions.76-2. (2) the Checklist for Utilization of Educational Technology which can be answered by: 4 – Strongly Agree 2 – Disagree 3 – Agree 1 – Strongly Disagree To interpret the mean score of the respondents. Central Bicutan. gender. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 61 The questionnaire was composed of two parts: (1) Personal Information of the Respondents – name. The questionnaires together with the validation instruments were submitted to the chosen validators with masters and doctorate degree to establish . Santos Avenue. The draft of the questionnaire was submitted again to the research adviser to finalize the questionnaire.55 1. academic rank and length of service.

the researchers disseminated and completed the required number of questionnaires to be used in the study. Upon the assessment of the total number of respondents to be used. Santos Avenue. The researchers assessed the enrollment report for the fourth year students in College of Education – first semester. Data Gathering Procedures The researchers wrote a letter of request to the Registrar Office and Human Resource Department of the respondent school to allow them to gather data pertinent to this study. Lastly. from the Registrar Office in determining the total number of students per major in Taguig City University. the researchers worked on tallying the respondents’ answers to get the needed data in the study. Data Analysis The following statistical treatment had been used by the researchers to have valid and adequate findings to the study: . Central Bicutan. school year 2016-2017. The researchers got the mean of the instruments that were validated by five experts to determine whether the instrument was valid or not. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 62 content authentication. All the suggestions and comments were taken and incorporated in the final draft and was checked again by the research adviser. The researchers also got the total number of faculty in the College of Education.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

Percent: P= n f x 100 P = percentage f = frequency n = sample Percent was used to answer statement of the problem no. Thus we have our first and perhaps the most basic statistical formula: Where: (sometimes call the X-bar) is the symbol for the mean. It used to determine the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. . Central Bicutan. (the Greek letter sigma) is the symbol for summation. 2. Santos Avenue. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 63 1. 1 in order to determine the demographic profile of the grouped respondents. Weighted Mean It is an average mean that takes into account the importance of each value to the overall total. X is the symbol for the scores. N is the symbol for the number of scores. To calculate the weighted mean simply add up a set of scoresand divide by the number of scores.

TaguigCity 64 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Mean was used to answer the statement of the problem no. Central Bicutan. Where S= the standard deviation of a sample = means sum of X= each value of the sum = mean of all values in the data set N= number of all values in the data set Standard deviation was also used to answer the statement of the problem no.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. One. and mastery. 2which is: “What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU in terms of the following areas: instructions. utilization and mastery. Santos Avenue. utilization. 3.2 which is: “What is the extent of integration of Educational Technology in TCU in terms of the following areas: instructions.way Anova .

s =is the sample variance. Santos Avenue.3 which is: “Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the extent of integration when grouped according to their profile?” 4. Central Bicutan. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 65 One way anova was used to answer the statement of the problem no.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Paired Sample T-test Where: =is the mean difference between two samples. n = is the sample size and t = is a paired sample t-test .

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 66 Paired sample T. Central Bicutan. INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA Table 1 Student-Teacher (Gender) .4 which is: “Is there a significant difference between the assessments of the two groups of respondents on the extent of integration of Educational Technology? CHAPTER IV PRESENTATION.Test was used to answer the statement of the problem n0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.

Kristen Schilt’s research titled. 2006.5 100 Table 1 illustrates the gathered data result for the gender of studentteachers.5 73. According to Schilt. It means that the Teaching Profession is dominated by females.5 percent are males. 467). women are taught to put family first and have a flexible schedule even if that means being paid less. Table 2 Student-Teacher (Course) Category BEED BSE-SCI BSE-PE BSE-ENG BSE-MATH Total Frequency 70 40 20 50 20 200 Percent 35 20 10 25 10 100 . “Just one of the guys? How Transmen Make Gender Visible at Work” introduces the gender socialization theory highlighting women’s gravitation towards careers that reinforce “feminine” traits such as caring and nurturing. Central Bicutan. p. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 67 Category Male Female Total Frequency 53 147 200 Percent 26. It shows that out of 200 respondents 147 or 73 percent are females and 53 or 26. which results in their domination of fields such as teaching and nursing (Schilt.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.

TaguigCity 68 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 2 shows the number of students (frequency) from each course that has been used in the study and its' percent.5 9.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue.0 percent came from the 2nd District of Taguig. BEED got the highest number of respondents with 70 respondents or 35 percent.0 percent and 96 or 48. Table 3 Student-Teacher (School) Category DISTRICT 1 DISTRICT 2 Total Frequency 104 96 200 Percent 52 48 100 Table 3 illustrates the gathered data result for the cooperating schools of the 200 respondents and it shows that most of the schools are from the 1st District of Taguig with the result of 104 or 52.6 100 . Central Bicutan.1 22. followed by BSE-ENG with 50 respondents or 25 percent and BSE-SCI with 40 respondents or 20 percent and the lowest are BSE-PE and BSE-MATH with 20 respondents or 10 percent each.5 13.5 4.7 4. Table 4 Faculty (Age) Category 20-25 years old 26-30 years old 31-35 years old 36-40 years old 41-50 years old 51-55 years old Total Frequency 10 1 2 5 1 3 22 Percent 45.

1 percent and 1 respondent or 4. next is 51-55 years of age with 3 respondents or 13.2 13. Santos Avenue. Table 6 Faculty (Academic Rank) Category Instructor Assistant Professor Associate Professor Total Frequency 15 4 3 22 Percent 68. the impacts of a feminized teaching force is likely to be a continuation of perceptions surrounding teaching as women’s work. which might have resulting impacts on the way children perceive authority roles. TaguigCity 69 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 4 shows that most of the faculty are from 20-25 years of age with 10 respondents or 45.1 percent are females and 9 or 40.6 percent. Central Bicutan. followed by 31-35 years of age with 2 respondents or 9.9 59.1 100 Table 5 illustrates the gathered data result for the gender of 22 respondents and it shows that out of 22 respondents 13 or 59. followed by 31-35 years of age with 5 respondents or 22.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. According to Kelleher (2011).9 percent are males.6 100 . Table 5 Faculty (Gender) Category Male Female Total Frequency 9 13 22 Percent 40.2 18.7 percent.5 percent each for 26-30 and 41-50 years of age. It also denotes that women represent a significant majority of the teaching workforce.5 percent.

This table clearly shows that most of the respondents are instructors and said to be the most common faculty member in the institution. TaguigCity 70 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Table 6 illustrates the academic rank of the faculty and it shows that 15 or 68.6 percent. Santos Avenue. Lastly.5 9.1 with the length of service of 16-18 years. . However 4 respondents under the percentage of 18.6 percent or majority are 1-3 years in service. While 2 respondents under the percentage of 9. one respondent under the percentage of 4.2 percent and the associate professor which has 3 or 13. It shows that 14 respondents which constitute 63.6 18.5 100 Table 7 illustrates the length of service of the respondents in the institution where they work.2 have worked for 4-6 years.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.1 4.2 4. Table 7 Faculty (Length of Service) Category 1-3 years 4-6 years 10-12 years 16-18 years 22 years above Total Frequency 14 4 1 2 1 22 Percent 63.5 are teaching for 10-12 years and 22 years and above. followed by assistant professor which has 4 or 18.2 percent are instructor. Central Bicutan.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Table 8 MEAN INSTRUCTION Indicators ST’s Mean 3. plans and integrates technology-based learning activities that promote student engagement in higher-order thinking skills 3. therefore. furnishes weekly or monthly computer-related task such as creating multimedia presentations that showcase student’s understanding of important content VI AFE Faculty’s Mean 3.14 AFE . majority of the faculty in the said institution are newly hired. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 71 Most of the faculty has worked for 1-3 years.32 VI AFUE 3. uses projector which can be used as chalk/overhead replacement such as lecture notes and slides 1. Santos Avenue.20 2.22 AFE 3. Central Bicutan.41 AFUE 3.07 AFE 3.

01 AFE 3.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST.51 .18 AFE 6.27 AFUE 5. merges the most current research on teaching and learning when using the computers 3.Verbal Interpretation Table 8 illustrates the perceptions of the respondents of TCU in terms of instruction. exploits IT tools in pedagogical situations (e.27 AFE LEGEND: 3.teachers which .1.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. In planning and integrating technology based learning activities that promote student engagement in higher.teachers which has attained to the full extent. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3.22 for student.41 it which has attained to the fullest extent.32 AFUE TOTAL 3.Student-Teachers VI.00 .4. large lecture classes using power point ) 3.26 .07 for student.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.g. and for the faculty it gained 3.3.19 AFE 3. In using projector which can be used as chalk/overhead replacement such as lecture notes and slides. it gained a mean of 3.76 .order thinking skills it gained a mean of 3.07 AFE 3. Central Bicutan.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 72 4. integrates educational technology in teaching that influence human performance 3. it gained a mean of 3. Santos Avenue.20 for studentteachers which has attained to the full extent. In furnishing weekly or monthly computer related tasks such as creating multimedia presentation this question.2.13 AFE 3.

it gained a mean of 3. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3.13 for student. it gained a mean of 3. This category gained a total mean of 3. it gained a mean for 3. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3. 8292).teacher which has attained to the full extent.01 for student. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 73 has attained to the full extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent.27 which has attained to the fullest extent. Central Bicutan. In integrating educational technology in teaching that influence human performance.18 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3.14 which has attained to the full extent. Santos Avenue.27 which has attained to the fullest extent. and for the faculty. and for the faculty. In exploiting IT tools in pedagogical situations. it gained a mean of 3. Table 9 UTILIZATION . and support a complete.07 for student.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.teacher has attained to the full extent. and for the faculty. it gained a mean of 3.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.teachers which has attained to the full extent. adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people society. It is compatible to the mandate of the Commission on Higher Education which is to establish. maintain. In merging the most current research on teaching and learning.29 for student.(Republic Act no.

provides experience for actual use of educational technology in teaching 5.26 .36 which has attained to the fullest extent.75 AFE 3.76 . uses technology in support of the development and delivery of instruction 4.3.23 which has attained to the full extent.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2. it gained a mean of 3.23 AFE 2. Santos Avenue. it gained a mean of 3.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and for the faculty.32 AFUE 2. and for the faculty. . In incorporating educational technology to improve the presentation of work. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 74 Indicators ST’s Mean VI Faculty ’s Mean VI 1.66 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 2. Central Bicutan.75 for student.09 AFE TOTAL 2.4.00 .55 AFE 3.23 AFE 2.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST.24 AFE LEGEND: 3.67 AFE 3.1.51 .67 AFE 3. utilizes the appropriate computerdriven technologies to enhance teaching-learning process 6.67 for studentteacher which has attained to the full extent. incorporates educational technology to improve the presentation of work 2.65 AFE 3.2. employs the effectiveness of realia and model displays as enables of teaching-learning process 2.59 AFE 3. In applying current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning the learning environment.23 AFE 2. applies current research on teaching and learning with technology when planning the learning environment 3.36 AFUE 2.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.Student-Teachers VI. it gained a mean of 2.Verbal Interpretation Table 9 illustrates the perception of the respondents of TCU in terms of utilization.teacher which has attained to the full extent.

In utilizing the appropriate computer-driven technologies to enhance teaching-learning process.59 for student.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. it gained a mean of 3.24 which has the same verbal interpretation of attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 2. and for the faculty. it gained a mean of 2.23 which has attained to the full extent.55 for student. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 75 In using technology in support of the development and delivery of instruction.65 for student. it gained a mean of 3.67 for the student.teacher attained to the full extent.teacher attained to the full extent.teacher which has attained to the full extent. Table 10 MASTERY . In providing experience for actual use of educational technology in teaching. and for the faculty.teacher is 2. it gained a mean of 3. Central Bicutan. and for the faculty it gained a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 2. and for the faculty. Santos Avenue. it gained a mean of 2.23 which has attained to the full extent. it gained a mean of 3.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.66.09 which has attained to the full extent.teacher attained to the full extent. and for the faculty. In employing the effectiveness of realia and model displays as enables of teaching-learning process. The total mean for student.

50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2. it gained a mean of 2.75 = Not Attained (NA) ST.Verbal Interpretation Table 10 illustrates the perception of the respondents in TCU in terms of mastery.76 . it gained a mean of 2.70 for student.32 which has attained to the fullest extent.1.70 AFE 3.81 AFE 3. it gained a mean of 3.51 .65 AFE 3.73 AFE 3.27 AFUE TOTAL 2.3.teacher which .Student-Teachers VI.77 AFE 3. In demonstrating skill in selecting and using websites as source of teaching-learning process.26 . In participating in seminar related to educational technology to sharpen knowledge.demonstrates skill in selecting and using websites as source of teaching-learning process 3.80 AFE 3.4.27 AFUE LEGEND: 3.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.36 AFUE 2. establishes introductory knowledge.67 AFE 3. Santos Avenue. administers video/power point presentation on the appropriate use of relevant instructional materials 4. Central Bicutan.67 for student.2. skills and understanding of concept related to technology 5.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1. and for the faculty.32 AFUE 2.teacher which has attained to the full extent.18 AFE 2. provides the best opportunity on appropriate use of instructional materials 2.00 .27 AFUE 2. participates in seminar related to educational technology to sharpen knowledge 2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 76 Indicators ST’s Mean VI Faculty’s Mean VI 1. identifies the different types of educational technology for the integration of learning 6.23 AFE 2.

Table 11 . and a mean of 3. it gained a mean of 2. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 77 has attained to the full extent.teacher attained to the full extent. The total mean for the category is 2. In identifying the different types of educational technology for the integration of learning.81 for the student.27 which has attained to the fullest extent. and 3. Santos Avenue.27 which has attained to the fullest extent.18 for the faculty which has attained to the full extent. and 3. Central Bicutan. and for the faculty.23 for the faculty which has attained to the full extent. skills and understanding of concept related to technology.teacherwhich has attained to the full extent. In administering video/power point presentation on the appropriate use of relevant instructional materials. and for the faculty.27 for the faculty which has attained to the fullest extent.36 for the faculty which has attained to the fullest extent. it gained a mean of 2. In establishing introductory knowledge. it gained a mean of 3.teacher which hasattained to the full extent.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.80 for the student. it gained a mean of 2. and a mean of 3.73 for student teacher which has attained to the full extent.77 for the student. it gained a mean of 2. the mean is 3.65 for the student teacher which has attained to the full extent. In providing the best opportunity on appropriate use of instructional materials.

TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 78 Extent of Integration Educational Technology Student-Teacher Faculty WM SD VI WM SD VI 1. Santos Avenue.27 0.24 0.40 AFE 3.38 AFE 3.26 0.Verbal Interpretation SD. Instruction 3. Central Bicutan.teachers has a weighted mean of 2.3. utilization and mastery.45 AFUE Overall Mean 2.00 = Attained to the fullest extent (AFUE) 2.1.27 0.Weighted Mean VI.48 which has attained to the full extent.25 = Attained to the full extent (AFE) 1.00 .66 0.Standard Deviation Table 11 illustrates the integration of educational technology in terms of instruction. a standard deviation of 0.13.66. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3.26 .75 = Not Attained (NA) WM.76 . the student.teachers has a weighted mean of 3. Mastery 2.73 0.51 . and the faculty has .84 0. the student.2. Utilization 2.48 AFE 3.27.13 0. a standard deviation of 0.4.50 = Attained to the less extent (ALE) 1. In utilization. In instruction.38 which has attained to the full extent. a standard deviation of 0.44 which has attained to the fullest extent.46 AFUE LEGEND: 3.35 AFE 3.48 AFE 3.44 AFUE 2.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

a standard deviation of 0. a standard deviation of 0. Santos Avenue. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 79 a weighted mean of 3.472 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference .40 which has attained to the full extent.84.46 which has attained to the fullest extent. the student.73. 45 which has a attained to the fullest extent.48 which has attained to the full extent.27.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Table 12 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of Gender Indicators F-value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.24.35 which has attained to the full extent.424 0. Central Bicutan.725 Accept Utilization 0. and the faculty has a weighted mean of 3.26. In mastery. a standard deviation of 0. a standard deviation of 0.124 0. The student-teachers has a total weighted mean of 2.516 Accept Mastery 0. a standard deviation of 0.teachers has a weighted mean of 2.518 0.

471 Accept With significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 13 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of student.040 which has significant difference because according to the decision rule less than 0. In utilization. it has a significant value of 0. In instruction.516 which has no significant difference. In instruction.566 0.725 which has no significant difference. In utilization. Table 13 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of Course Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 2. the significant value is 0. Table 14 .890 0.107which has no significant difference. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 80 Table 12 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational technology of student. the significant value is 0. Santos Avenue.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.teachers’ profile in terms of course.107 Accept Mastery 0.928 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery.05 is said to be reject meaning there is a significant difference. In the last indicator which is the mastery. the significant value is 0. it has a significant value of 0. Central Bicutan. the significant value is 0.040 Reject Utilization 1.teachers’ profile in terms of gender. 472 which has no significant difference. 471 which has is no significant difference.

249 0. the significant value is 0. In instruction.065 Accept Mastery 0.200 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. Table 15 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Age Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.948 0.437 0. the significant value is 0.665 which has no significant difference. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 81 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Student-Teachers’ Profile in terms of School Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 2.864 0.092 which has no significant difference. Central Bicutan.934 Accept Mastery 0.665 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 14 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of student. In utilization.663 0. it has a significant value of 0.657 Accept Utilization 0.477 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant .092 Accept Utilization 3.teachers’ profile in terms of school.065 which has no significant difference. Santos Avenue.

934 which has no significant difference.220 0.644 which has no significant difference.666 0. it has a significant value of 0. Central Bicutan. the significant value is 0.657 which has no significant difference. In instruction. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 82 difference Table 15 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of age. Table 16 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Gender Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0.756 which has no significant difference.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. . 477 which has no significant difference. it has a significant value of 0. In utilization.424 which has no significant difference.644 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 16 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of gender. the significant value is 0.424 Accept Mastery 0. Santos Avenue.99 0. the significant value is 0. In utilization.756 Accept Utilization 0. In instruction. the significant value is 0. In the last indicator which is the mastery. In the last indicator which is the mastery.

370 0. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 83 Table 17 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Academic Rank Indicators F-Value Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 0. the significant value is 0. Santos Avenue.483 0. the significant value is 0.286 Accept Utilization 1. In the last indicator which is the mastery.624 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference Table 17 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of academic rank.840 Accept Mastery 0.234 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.176 0.189 Accept No significant difference No significant difference No significant difference . In instruction.735 0. Table 18 Significant difference on the Extent of Integration of Educational Technology of Teachers’ Profile in terms of Length of Service Indicators Frequency Significant Value Decision Remarks Instruction 1. it has a significant value of 0. Central Bicutan.840 which has no significant difference.793 Accept Utilization 0.793 which has no significant difference.370 0.624 which has no significant difference.286 Accept Mastery 1. In utilization.

509 which has a significant value of 0.286 which has no significant difference.146. In utilization. Santos Avenue. In the last indicator which is the mastery.410 0. In instruction.286 which has no significant difference. Table 19 Perception of Student.Teachers and Faculty on the extent of Integration of Educational Technology Extent of Integration of Educational Technology Student-Teacher & Faculty T-test Instruction 1. the significant value is 0. the T-test value was 1. meaning the first indicator was not . Central Bicutan.146 Utilization Mastery 3.003 Decision Remarks Accept Reject Reject Not Significant Significant Significant Table 19 illustrates the result of findings on the perception of student-teachers and faculty on the extent of integration of Educational Technology Paired Sample T-test is used to find the result of this study and it shown in the table that in the first indicator which was the Instruction. the significant value is 0. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 84 Table 18 illustrates the significant difference on the extent of integration of Educational Technology of teachers’ profile in terms of length of service. it has a significant value of 0.189 which has no significant difference.001 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.909 3.509 Significan t Value 0.

05. In the second indicator which was the Utilization.909 with significant value of 0. therefore the decision was reject. Central Bicutan. the T-test value is 3. the T-test value was 3. CHAPTER V SUMMARY.003 which has a significant difference. FINDINGS. This result only proved that there was a difference between the mastery of teachers and student-teachers in the used of educational technologies in the classroom.05 and the decision was accept. reviewed .410 and the significant value is 0.001 which has significant difference because the value of significance was less than 0.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. TaguigCity 85 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION significant because the significant value is greater than 0. In last indicator which was the Mastery. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Preceding chapters presented the problem of the study. It only proved that there was a difference between the assessments of respondents when it comes to utilization of educational technologies in the classroom. Santos Avenue.

utilization and mastery. Specifically. The significant difference between the assessments of the respondents on the integration when grouped according to their profile. Santos Avenue. This chapter summarized the findings of the study. and length of service. the researchers sought to answer the following: The profile of the respondents in terms of student-teachers: their gender. The extent of integration of educational technology as assessed by the group of respondents classified as to: instruction. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 86 the related literature. course and cooperating school while in terms of faculty: their age. and set off the findings. gender.teacher in the CED at TCU as basis for instructional innovation.teachers out of 371 total population of fourth year. Summary This study assessed the extent of Integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student. The respondents used in the study were 200 student. out lined the methodology. academic rank. The significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teachers and faculty. draws conclusions and made recommendations. Central Bicutan. and 22 faculty of the College of Education in Taguig .Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen.

Central Bicutan. Findings Subsequent to the computation of each variable used in the study. the Slovin’s formula was used to get the sample out of the population of the fourth year students in the College Of Education at Taguig City University. this research design interpreted a “what it is” approach and described the nature of the situation as it existed in the study.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. and the researcher used 5% (e) as margin of errors to assumed that out of 100% there is a 5% errors on the possible result of this study. It involved 70 student. 50 student-teachers in English major. Computation results to 192 respondents (n). The population of all the fourth year students is 371 (N).teachers in Science major. Santos Avenue. both 20 student-teachers in Physical Education and Mathematics majors. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 87 City University.teachers in Bachelor of Elementary Education and 130 student-teachers in Bachelor in Secondary Education: 40 student. This design is also applicable for the study because it explored and determined the extent of integration of Educational Technology as utilized by the student-teachers at Taguig City University. to be distributed in all majors to get their aimed percentages. This study used the descriptive research design of McNabb (2009) for it reveals the summary statistics by showing responses to all possible questionnaire items. In fact. the Researchers found out the following findings: The profile of the respondents: 1. In order to get the target respondents of the researchers. Student-Teacher .

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

88

Most of the respondents were female with the frequency of 147 and a
corresponding percent of 73.5.
Most of the respondents came from the Bachelor in Elementary Education
with the frequency of 70 and a corresponding percent of 35.
Most of the respondents were assigned to the different schools of the first
district of Taguig with the frequency of 104 and a corresponding percent of 52.
2. Faculty
Most of the respondents range from the age bracket of 20-25 years of age
with a frequency of 10 and a corresponding percent of 45.5.
Most of the respondents were female with a frequency of 14 and a
corresponding percent of 63.6.
Most of the respondents were rank as Instructor with a frequency of 15 with
a corresponding percent of 68.2.
Most of the respondents were range from 1-3 years of teaching experience
with a frequency of 14 and a corresponding percent of 63.6.

The extent of integration of educational technology as assessed by the
grouped respondents.
Instruction
Most of the respondents have the highest weighted mean in the second
indicator of instruction (plans and integrates technology-based learning activities
that promote student engagement in higher-order thinking skills) with weighted

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

89

mean of 3.22 for the student-teachers response and a verbal interpretation of
attained to the full extent while 3.41 weighted mean for faculty and a verbal
interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
Utilization
Most of the student-teachers respondents have the highest weighted mean
in the first indicator of utilization (incorporates educational technology to improve
the presentation of work) with weighted mean of 2.75 and a verbal interpretation
of attained to the full extent while 3.36 weighted mean for faculty in the second
indicator of utilization (applies current research on teaching and learning with
technology when planning the learning environment)
and a verbal interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
Mastery
Most of the student-teachers respondents have the highest weighted mean in
the fifth indicator of mastery (identifies the different types of educational
technology for the integration of learning)
with weighted mean of 2.81 and a verbal interpretation of attained to the full
extent while 3.36 weighted mean for faculty in the fourth indicator of mastery
(establishes introductory knowledge, skills and understanding of concept related
to technology) and a verbal interpretation of attained to the fullest extent.
The difference between the assessments of the respondents on the
integration when grouped according to their profile.

Republic of the Philippines
City of Taguig
TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY
Gen. Santos Avenue, Central Bicutan, TaguigCity

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

90

Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their gender have
the highest significant value in the first indicator which is the instruction the value
of significance 0.725, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference.
Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their course have
the highest significant value in the third indicator which is the mastery the
value of significance 0.471, the decision is accept and the remarks is no
significant difference.
Most of the student-teachers when grouped according to their school have
the highest significant value in the third indicator which is the mastery the
value of significance 0.665, the decision is accept and the remarks is no
significant difference.
Most of the faculty when grouped according to their age have the highest
significant value in the second indicator which is the utilization the value of
significance 0.934, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference

Most of the faculty when grouped according to their gender have the
highest significant value in the first indicator which is the instruction the value
of significance 0.756, the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant
difference.

Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan. The decision is to accept the null hypothesis.001 in utilization and 0. In the second and third indicators which are the utilization and mastery there is a significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology between student-teachers and faculty because the value of significance is 0.840.146. the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant difference The difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teacher and faculty.003 in mastery. Santos Avenue. The decision is to reject the null hypothesis. .286. the decision is accept and the remarks is no significant difference Most of the faculty when grouped according to their length of service have the highest significant value in the first and second indicator which is the instruction and utilization the value of significance 0. TaguigCity 91 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Most of the faculty when grouped according to their academic rank have the highest significant value in the second indicator which is the utilization the value of significance 0. The findings of researchers in the first indicator which is the instruction there is no significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology between student-teachers and faculty because the significant value is 0.

the following recommendations are hereby proposed: 1. Recommendations Based from the findings and conclusions formulated in this research study. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 92 Conclusion Based on the findings of the study the following conclusions were drawn: Most of the respondents from student. They should pass the bill proposed by Senator Cynthia Villiar. (Senate Bill 297) which mandates the government sufficient funding for providing web facilities in public . When it comes to the faculty most of the respondents range from age bracket of twenty to twenty-five years of age and still in terms of gender female respondents were dominated in the study. Santos Avenue. Most of the respondents when grouped according to their profile have no significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology. There is a significant difference on the extent of integration of educational technology as utilized by the student-teachers and faculty. In terms of academic rank Instructors were dominated the study and for the length of service one to three years of teaching experience were mostly observed.teachers were female with almost seventyfive percent in number and in terms of course the Bachelor in Elementary Education got the highest percentage with almost thirty-five percent of the respondents. Most of the schools assigned have a big percentage in the first district of Taguig with almost fifty-two percent. Philippine Government.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Central Bicutan.

and extension. Taguig City University. it must. Central Bicutan. and other private institutions. therefore. they should also pass the bill proposed by Senator Santiago (Senate Bill No. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 93 schools. Other Higher Educational Institutions.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. They should strengthen and develop partnerships among the stakeholders in teacher preparation to . business. . research. also pass the bill proposed by Senator Estrada (Senate Bill No. With this. due to low numbers of students who have access to computers. It should establish web facilities that are crucial in instruction. Santos Avenue. 1468) which encourage private participation by granting a tax incentive for every donation of information technology equipment to our educational institutions. 1922) which establish educational technology clearinghouses to facilitate the donation of surplus equipment and technology to schools and libraries from governmental. Moreover. it is expected that our public schools will produce quality and computer-literate graduates. as the same shall be included in the General Appropriation Acts. City government of Taguig may ask for donation of equipment and technologies from Department of Science and Technology if the said city is currently travailing monetary deficiency. Since the State cannot provide for all of them alone. both public and private.

For example. teachers who use technology in a dynamic way hold their students’ attention. Central Bicutan. By providing grants to eligible consortia. They should promote the integration of ICT in the Philippine Educational System to improve the skills of students in Educational Technology. DepEd should fully supports the continuous improvement of its teaching personnel based on the principle of lifelong learning and further advances in delivery of 21st century skills to all Filipino learners. Teachers.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. the government can not only promote the development of this technology but also encourage private sector participation. students who were engaged and participated through the use of technology in classroom demonstrates greater content mastery.Through this. Students Teacher should maximize the use of Educational technology because in teaching with technology it can deepen . DepEd. In addition. Student-Teachers. but also to improve teaching.This will happen if CHED will be obliged to work with different private institutions to accelerate the development of technology to assist and improve the methods of teaching and our education system in general. They should immerse technology in the educational environment not only to influences many facets of students’ academic learning. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 94 transform education and ensure technology rich learning environments.

integrating those tools can itself be a challenge albeit an eye-opening experience. expert and everyone in between) find creative and constructive ways to integrate technology into your class DEDICATION This research is dedicated to the Almighty God. The CTL is here to help you (novice. However. Once identified. courage and guidance to successfully finish this research study.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. Santos Avenue. the giver of all knowledge and wisdom and the source of strength. TaguigCity 95 COLLEGE OF EDUCATION student learning by supporting instructional objectives. Central Bicutan. it can be challenging to select the “best” tech tools while not losing sight of your goals for student learning. .

may this research become beneficial towards societal advancement. To the City Government of Taguig. . Santos Avenue. who continue to extend their loving support in all aspects of academic studies especially in helping this research possible. TaguigCity COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 96 To the researchers beloved Parents.Republic of the Philippines City of Taguig TAGUIG CITY UNIVERSITY Gen. To all the Teachers/Professors. And To all Students. may this research serve as a guide to help them finish their research in the near future. who guide this research in Science Education. Central Bicutan.

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