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Above pinch region Objective: ensure that all hot streams are ticked-off by cold streams.

CP ΔH 250 °C 0.15 15 MW
CP
ΔH
250 °C
0.15
15 MW
200 °C 0.25 12.5 MW
200
°C
0.25
12.5 MW

150 °C

ΔH 250 °C 0.15 15 MW 200 °C 0.25 12.5 MW 150 °C 150 °C 140
150 °C
150
°C
°C 0.15 15 MW 200 °C 0.25 12.5 MW 150 °C 150 °C 140 °C 180

140 °C

180 °C 0.20 8 MW
180 °C
0.20
8 MW
230 °C 0.30 27 MW
230
°C
0.30
27 MW
150 °C 140 °C 180 °C 0.20 8 MW 230 °C 0.30 27 MW 140 °C

140 °C

140 °C 180 °C 0.20 8 MW 230 °C 0.30 27 MW 140 °C Start the

Start the design at the pinch and make sure that CP C CP H

CP ΔH 250 °C 0.15 15 MW
CP
ΔH
250 °C
0.15
15 MW
200 °C 0.25 0 MW
200
°C
0.25
0 MW
180 °C 0.20 8 MW
180
°C
0.20
8 MW
230 °C 0.30 14.5 MW
230
°C
0.30
14.5 MW

150 °C

0 MW 180 °C 0.20 8 MW 230 °C 0.30 14.5 MW 150 °C 150 °C
150 °C
150
°C
140 °C 140 °C 181.67 °C
140 °C
140 °C
181.67 °C
0.30 14.5 MW 150 °C 150 °C 140 °C 140 °C 181.67 °C 12.5 MW First
0.30 14.5 MW 150 °C 150 °C 140 °C 140 °C 181.67 °C 12.5 MW First

12.5 MW

First heat exchanger:

Duty: 12.5 MW

Hot stream temperature inlet = 200 °C

Hot stream temperature outlet = 150 °C

Cold stream temperature inlet = 140 °C

Cold stream temperature outlet =

12.5

0.3

+ 140 = 181.67℃

Add another heat exchanger near the pinch ( CP C CP H )

CP ΔH 250 °C 0.15 7 MW
CP
ΔH
250 °C
0.15
7 MW
200 °C 0.25 0 MW
200
°C
0.25
0 MW
180 °C 0.20 0 MW
180
°C
0.20
0 MW
230 °C 0.30 14.5 MW
230
°C
0.30 14.5 MW

150 °C

203.33 °C

150 °C
150 °C
140 °C 8 MW 140 °C 181.67 °C 12.5 MW
140
°C
8 MW
140
°C
181.67 °C
12.5 MW
°C 150 °C 140 °C 8 MW 140 °C 181.67 °C 12.5 MW 2 n d

2 nd heat exchanger:

Duty: 8 MW

8

Hot stream temperature inlet = 0.15 + 150 = 203.33℃

Hot stream temperature outlet = 150 °C

Cold stream temperature inlet = 140 °C

Cold stream temperature outlet = 180 °C

Add another heat exchanger away from the pinch

CP ΔH 250 °C 0.15 0 MW
CP
ΔH
250 °C
0.15
0 MW
200 °C 0.25 0 MW
200
°C
0.25
0 MW

150 °C

203.33 °C
203.33
°C
250 °C 0.15 0 MW 200 °C 0.25 0 MW 150 °C 203.33 °C 150 °C
150 °C
150 °C
140 °C 180 °C 0.20 0 MW 8 MW 140 °C 181.67 °C 205 °C
140
°C
180 °C
0.20
0 MW
8 MW
140
°C
181.67 °C
205 °C
230
°C
0.30
7.5 MW
12.5 MW
7 MW

3 rd heat exchanger:

Duty: 7 MW

Hot stream temperature inlet = 250 °C

Hot stream temperature outlet = 203.33 °C

Cold stream temperature inlet = 181.67 °C

7

Cold stream temperature outlet = 0.3 + 181.67 = 205℃

At this stage, all hot streams have been ticked-off by cold streams. For the balance cold stream(s) that are not ticked-off, use heater to satisfy the heating requirement.

CP ΔH 250 °C 0.15 0 MW
CP
ΔH
250 °C
0.15
0 MW
200 °C 0.25 0 MW
200
°C
0.25
0 MW

150 °C

203.33 °C
203.33
°C
250 °C 0.15 0 MW 200 °C 0.25 0 MW 150 °C 203.33 °C 150 °C
150 °C
150 °C
140 °C 180 °C 0.20 0 MW 8 MW 140 °C 181.67 °C 205 °C
140
°C
180
°C
0.20
0
MW
8 MW
140
°C
181.67 °C
205 °C
230
°C
H
0.30
0
MW
12.5
MW
7
MW
7.5 MW

Below pinch region

Objective: ensure that all cold streams are ticked-off by hot streams.

CP ΔH 150 °C 0.15 16.5 MW
CP
ΔH
150
°C
0.15
16.5
MW
150 °C 0.25 17.5 MW
150
°C
0.25
17.5 MW
140 °C 0.20 24.0 MW
140
°C
0.20
24.0 MW

40 °C

MW 150 °C 0.25 17.5 MW 140 °C 0.20 24.0 MW 40 °C 80 °C 20
80 °C
80
°C
°C 0.25 17.5 MW 140 °C 0.20 24.0 MW 40 °C 80 °C 20 °C Start

20 °C

0.25 17.5 MW 140 °C 0.20 24.0 MW 40 °C 80 °C 20 °C Start the

Start the design at the pinch and make sure that CP H CP C

CP ΔH 150 °C 0.15 16.5 MW
CP
ΔH
150 °C
0.15
16.5
MW
150 °C 0.25 0 MW
150
°C
0.25 0 MW
52.5 °C 140 °C 0.20 6.5 MW 17.5 MW
52.5 °C
140
°C
0.20 6.5 MW
17.5 MW

40 °C

0.25 0 MW 52.5 °C 140 °C 0.20 6.5 MW 17.5 MW 40 °C 80 °C
80 °C
80
°C
20 °C
20 °C
°C 140 °C 0.20 6.5 MW 17.5 MW 40 °C 80 °C 20 °C First heat

First heat exchanger:

Duty: 17.5 MW

Hot stream temperature inlet = 150 °C

Hot stream temperature outlet = 80 °C

Cold stream temperature inlet = 140 −

17.5

0.2

= 52.5℃

Cold stream temperature outlet = 140 °C

Add another heat exchanger away from the pinch

CP ΔH 150 °C 0.15 10 MW
CP
ΔH
150
°C
0.15
10 MW
150 °C 0.25 0 MW
150
°C
0.25
0 MW

40 °C

106.67 °C
106.67
°C
80 °C 20 °C
80 °C
20 °C
10 MW 150 °C 0.25 0 MW 40 °C 106.67 °C 80 °C 20 °C 52.5
10 MW 150 °C 0.25 0 MW 40 °C 106.67 °C 80 °C 20 °C 52.5
52.5 °C 140 °C 0.20 0 MW 6.5 MW 17.5 MW
52.5 °C
140 °C
0.20
0 MW
6.5 MW
17.5 MW

2 nd heat exchanger:

Duty: 6.5 MW

Hot stream temperature inlet = 150 °C

6.5

Hot stream temperature outlet = 150 − 0.15 = 106.67℃

Cold stream temperature inlet = 20 °C

Cold stream temperature outlet = 52.5 °C

Although the matching seems to violate CP H CP C , however this is allowable as the heat exchanger is away from the pinch. Moreover, it can be seen that the approach temperature for this heat exchanger (= 106.67 20 = 86.67 °C) is greater than ∆ T min = 10 °C.

At this stage, all cold streams have been ticked-off by hot streams. For the balance hot stream(s) that are not ticked-off, use cooler to satisfy the cooling requirement.

CP ΔH 150 °C 0.15 0 MW
CP
ΔH
150
°C
0.15
0 MW
150 °C 0.25 0 MW
150
°C
0.25
0 MW
40 °C 106.67 °C C 10 MW 80 °C
40
°C
106.67 °C
C
10 MW
80
°C
20 °C
20 °C
0 MW 150 °C 0.25 0 MW 40 °C 106.67 °C C 10 MW 80 °C
52.5 °C 140 °C 0.20 0 MW 6.5 MW 17.5 MW
52.5 °C
140 °C
0.20
0 MW
6.5 MW
17.5 MW