Trio

AG-203
CR Oscillator
Instruction Manual

Contents
Features
Specifications
Circuit Description
Panel Controls and Their Functions
Operating Instructions
Applications
Maintenance
Adjustment
Caution
Parts List
PC Board
Schematic Diagram

3
4
6
8
10
12
15
16
17
18
21
22

Features








All solid-state circuitry ensure extreme high stability, minimum warm-up time
and less power consumption.
High reliability with adoption of direct coupled circuits throughout the entire
stage.
Compact styling with vertical type panel for easy operation.
Frequency dial scale calibrated with single-scale graduations for frequency
range 10Hz to 1MHz selectable in 5 ranges.
High output design; more than 7V rms at no load and more than 3.5V rms at
600Ω. Output level is fully adjustable with a 10dB step, 6 range attenuator and
a level indicator.
Low output impedance of 600Ω. The attenuator provides accuracy of ±1dB at
600Ω load.
Sine and Square waves easily available.
Synchronizing input terminal.
Extremely high stability against variation of power source.

allowable input voltage: 10V rms Approx 10KΩ Input impedance: 600Ω ±10% Output impedance: 0dB.1% or less 100Hz – 100KHz. 1% or less 10Hz – 1MHz. -10dB. -40dB.5dB 0-50°(relative humidity less than 90%) AC 100V (120V. max output) (External Synchronization Characteristics) ±1V Synchronization range: Max. max output) 50% ±5% (at 1KHz. 0. Overall (including knobs).3% or less (x 10 range for 100Hz) 50Hz – 200KHz. 130(w) x .Specifications Frequency Range x 1 range. 10Hz – 100Hz x 10 range. 0. 220V or 240V). 1. -20dB. ±1dB Distortion Factor 400Hz – 20KHz. 100KHz – 1MHz Frequency accuracy ±(3% ±1Hz) (Sine Wave Characteristics) Output voltages (no-load) 7V rms or more Frequency Characteristics (reference freq. 1KHz) 10Hz – 1MHz. 2 on page 9 Casing 128(W) x 238(D) x 190(H)mm. -30dB. 100Hz – 1KHz x100 range. Output attenuator: and –50dB in 6 steps (accuracy: ±1dB at 600Ω load. 1KHz – 10KHz x 1K range.5% or less (Square wave characteristic) Output Voltage (no load) 10V p-p or more Sag: Rise and Fall times: Overshoot: Duty ratio: 5% or less at 50Hz 200ns or less 2% or less (at 1KHz. 5060Hz 5 Watts See Fig.5% or less 20Hz – 500KHz. 10KHz – 100KHz x 10K range. 0. (Stability against power source voltage variation (with respect to variation of 100V ±10%)) Frequency drift: Output Voltage Variation: Operating Temperature: Power Requirements: Power Consumption: External View: Dimensions: Within ±5% Within ±0.

red (1) and black (1) Fuse. Banana plug. Power cord (1) Output cord. Wien Bridge Oscillator Circuit The Wien bridge oscillator circuit elements consist of the resistance elements. by means of which it is adjusted to any desired voltage. and the variable capacitor controlled by the FREQUENCY dial. refer to the block diagram (Fig. It is composed of an emitter coupled Schmidt-trigger circuit and a buffer amplifier. thus providing sufficient rising and falling characteristics. The first stage is a high input impedance circuit with FET while the driver stage is a wide band. high amplification type circuit with PNP transistors featuring high cut-off frequency.2A (2) Instruction Manual (1) Circuit Description 1. thus determining any desired frequency within the entire frequency range from 10Hz to 1MHz. 3. while it is also fed back with negative polarity through the non-linear thermistor to stabilize the amplitude. The attenuator provides selectable attenuations of 0dB through -50dB in 10dB steps at 600Ω of output impedance. which may be switched over for 5 ranges by the FREQ. These elements provide means to vary the oscillating frequency continuously over 10 times its frequency on one range. one red and black test cord with basket clip and antenna plug. 2. 0. If the WAVE FORM switch is in the “ _‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬position. and then delivered through an output attenuator to the output terminal. 2. The sine-wave signal generated by the Wien bridge oscillator circuit is fed through the WAVE FORM selector switch set at the " ~ " position to the OUTPUT control. The signal voltage thus adjusted is applied to the output circuit.125A (2) and 0. where its impedance is appropriately converted. Square Wave Shaping Circuit The square wave shaping circuit is a Schmidt-trigger circuit in which the sine wave signal from the oscillator circuit is shaped into a square wave. Summary When reading the following descriptions.Weight: Accessories: 268(D) x 215(H)mm. The output stage is a SEPP circuit using complementary transistors. RANGE switch. The amplifier circuit for the oscillator circuit is composed of a 2-stage differential amplifier and an output stage. 1) and the schematic diagram. . the sine-wave signal is shaped into the square wave and the voltage is also adjusted by the OUTPUT control. employing an DC amplifier circuit. The output voltage is fed back with positive polarity through the oscillator elements to form an oscillating circuit.9kg.

ATTENUATOR 6-position output attenuator selects attenuations of 0dB to -50dB in 10dB steps. POWER Pushbutton type switch turns on the power when pressed. 3. Output Attenuator The 6-position output attenuator selects attenuations of 0dB to -50dB in 10dB steps. (Fig 2) FRONT PANEL This lamp (light emitting diode) lights when POWER switch (2) is ON.4. At the 0dB position with the OUTPUT control turned fully clockwise. The output impedance is rated for 600Ω and the attenuation accuracy is as high as ±1. 5. 120V or 220V) and delivers DC ±22V sufficiently stabilized by large capacity smoothing capacitors (220OmF x 2) and a voltage stabilizer. Panel Controls and Their Functions The table below describes the functions of panel controls. Output Circuit The output circuit converts the impedance of signal from the OUTPUT control and feeds the signal to the output attenuator at a low impedance. 2. . It is a SEPP-OCL circuit employing complementary transistors to provide sufficiently low output impedance characteristics over the range from DC to 1MHz. Refer to the panel diagram on page 9. the output voltage (sine wave at no-load time) is more than 7V rms. Power Supply The Power supply circuit is powered by AC (100V. 6.0dB at a 600Ω load.

The marking indicates GND (case grounded). . OUTPUT Output terminal used for both sine wave and square wave.4.

Sync.C. power of 100V.C. DIAL POINTER This pointer indicates frequencies on the dial scale. 120V or 220V may be used by changing the position of the selector. FREQ. This selector is preset to 240V position. External synchronizing signal input terminals fir GND for connection of synchronizing signal to AG-203. RANGE Oscillating frequency range selector switch which selects the ranges in 5 steps as follows: X1 x10 x100 x 1K x 10K 10Hz -100Hz 100Hz. 12. then connect the supplied AC power cord to your AC outlet. Power Voltage Selector. 14.lkHz 1kHz . When pressed to “~”. Operating Instructions 1.5.C. Fuse Fuse fore Power supply. 6. connector. output signal is sine wave. Amplitude Amplitude adjuster to continuously vary the amplitude of output voltage. 10. FREQUENCY DIAL This dial adjusts oscillating frequencies. When pressed to “_‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬the signal is square wave. Press the power switch (2) and the pilot lamp (1) will light indicating that the unit is ready for operation. Frequencies can be read by multiplying the reading on the dial scale by magnification of FREQ. 9. Start-up First check that the fuse (12) and the power voltage selector (14) are in the normal positions. 8. A.RANGE. WAVE FORM Output waveform selector switch. Connector For connection of the supplied A. REAR PANEL 11. Allow 2 or 3 minutes for the unit to warm up so that it is stabilized.10kHz 10KHz – 100KHz 100KHz – 1MHz 7. 13. A. DIAL SCALE This dial is calibrated with graduations of 10-100 to indicate oscillating frequencies. .

proceed as follows: 1. the frequency can be synchronized with 1 kHz of the input signal. be it sine wave or square wave. indicating that the synchronizing range is about ±1 % per input voltage of 1 V. Adjustment of Output Voltage The output voltage from OUTPUT terminal (4).5kHz.RANGE switch (6) to the desired range. A voltage of 1V rms will appear at OUTPUT terminal (4). Connect a voltmeter capable of measuring AC 1 V rms to OUTPUT terminal (4). Set ATTENUATOR (3) to 0dB and then adjust AMPLITUDE (7) until the voltmeter indicates 1V rms. Use of Synchronizing Input Terminal By applying an external sine wave signal to SYNC terminal (11). 3.2. The synchronizing range is increased in proportion as the input voltage is increased as shown in Fig. 5. can be continuously varied by AMPLITUDE (7) and stepped down by ATTENUATOR (3). The voltmeter indicates about 0V. Set ATTENUATOR (3) to -40dB. Example: Suppose that the input signal voltage is 1V rms and the oscillating frequency of AG-203 is between 990Hz and 1010Hz (1kHz ±1kHz x 1%/V x 1V = 1kHz ±1kHz x 0. 3. Example: Suppose you want to select a frequency of 1. set the dial pointer (10) to “15” on the dial scale. The frequency thus selected is: 15 x 100 = 1500(Hz = 1. Frequency Selection First set the FREQ. Press the switch to the " _‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬position for square waves. Note that too high a synchronizing signal voltage will affect the amplitude and . Example: To adjust output voltage to 10mV rms.01). then set the frequency dial (8) so that the dial pointer (10) indicates your frequency. 3. By using the frequency dial. then proceed as follows: 1.5(kHz) 4. Set FREQ RANGE switch (6) to x 100 2. Waveform Selection Press the WAVE FORM switch (5) to the " ~ " position to obtain sine waves. 2. while a voltage of 10mV rms appears at OUTPUT terminal (4). the oscillating frequency of AG-203 can be synchronized to the external signal.

First connect AG-203. amplifier to be tested and AC volt-meter as shown in Fig.distortion factor. the gain obtained is as follows: . note that if the synchronizing signal is largely deviated from the frequency of AG-203. Measurement of Amplifier Gain An example of measurement of amplifier gain is described below. and care must therefore be taken when the signal voltage is higher than 3V rms.4 Can be used as a signal-source of impedance bridge. 1. it can be used for measurement of frequency characteristic of amplifier. Using as Sine Wave Oscillator AG-203 can be used as a sine wave oscillator as outlined below. 4. 1. If ATTENUATOR (3) is set to 0dB and the voltmeter indicates 2V. Disconnect the amplifier and connect the AC volt-meter to AG-203 to measure the output voltage.2 Since the unit features wide bandwidth. Note that the use of ATTENUATOR (3) eliminates the need for connecting a high sensitivity voltmeter.1 Since the unit features low distortion factor. Assume that ATTENUATOR (3) is set –50dB for the rated output. 2. 1. It is therefore advisable that the oscillating frequency be first synchronized with a low input signal voltage (less than 1 V rms) and then the voltage be increased. the synchronization is pulled out which affects the distortion factor. it is advisable to set ATTENUATOR (3) as low as possible.3 The built-in high accuracy attenuator permits measurement of amplifier gain. 1. Applications 1. Therefore. Adjust ATTENUATOR (3) and AMPLITUDE (7) so that AC volt-meter indicates the rated output (supposed to be 1V in this example) of the amplifier. To facilitate the measurement. 2. Also. it means that the input voltage of the amplifier is 50dB below 2V. it can be used for measurement of distortion characteristic of amplifier. 1.

. 5. Sin Θ = x X Find θ from the table of trigonometric functions and the value obtained gives the angle of phase shift. By utilizing the configuration of this ellipse. it indicates that the output signal of amplifier is suffering from an amplitude distortion. And. as shown in Fig. 5B. 6. If the straight line on the oscilloscope is curved at its top and bottom sections as shown in Fig. the oscilloscope will display a straight line as shown in Fig. Measurement of Phase Characteristic Connect AG-203 and an oscilloscope to the amplifier to be tested as shown in Fig. measure the maximum horizontal deflection and suppose that this deflection is "X” and that the section at which the ellipse crosses the horizontal axis is “x". reduce the output level of AG -203 a little to vary the frequency. In this case. If there is no phase shift about the output signal of the amplifier. 5A.50dB + 20 log 10 1V dB 2V = 50dB – 6dB = 44dB 3. This causes the straight line on the oscilloscope to expand gradually to turn into an ellipse. the phase shift can be calculated as follows: First. the phase shift angle θ is given by the following.

During the test. right and top sides with a Phillips head screwdriver. 2.4. . so the sag (deflection of top section) is as low as 5% at 50Hz. 2. Lift the case at the underside until the case is fully removed (see Fig. 7. change the frequency as necessary. To test an amplifier. 3. proceed as follows: 1. By applying such a good square wave to an amplifier input. It has no coupling capacitors in the output stage. Mounting the Case Place the case so that the underside of it is left open a little. 9). Maintenance 1. Tighten 6 screws uniformly. as it will damage the screws and the vinyl leather on the case. an amplifier to be tested and an oscilloscope as shown in Fig. Do not use excessive force when tightening. The relationship between waveforms and amplifier characteristics is shown in Fig. Connect AG-203. various characteristics of amplifier can be observed on an oscilloscope. Using as Square Wave Oscillator AG-203 features excellent rising and falling characteristics (120 ns as standard characteristic). Press WAVE FORM (5) to the “_‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬position to obtain square waves of appropriate frequency and amplitude. Removal of Case Remove 2 screws each on the left. 8.

10). Set the dial to “10” position and adjust TC101 for a reading of 10kHz on the frequency counter. 2. Although this dial is also pre-adjusted at the factory. Connect a frequency counter to OUTPUT terminal (4). 1. RANGE switch (6) to X 100 and adjust the shaft of the dial until the frequency counter indicates 1 kHz. Note that the power supply voltage must be calibrated before making adjustment (see Fig. Check that the frequency counter is indicating 1 kHz. 4. 3. then loosen the set-screws on the dial. Replacement of Fuse Open the fuse holder with a Phillips head screwdriver. 5. If readjustment is required. Set FREO.3. Replace the fuse with one having the same rating. Set the dial to "10" position and tighten the setscrews. Adjustments All the circuits of AG-203 are factory adjusted prior to shipment and no further adjustments are required. making sure that the shaft stays as it is. except for the frequency dial which may need readjustment for proper tracking. proceed to the adjusting work using an accurate test equipment. then secure the knob to the dial. . Remove the knob of the frequency dial.

Be sure to press only one FREQ RANGE switch. however. Do not apply voltage of more than 10V rms to OUTPUT terminal and SYNC terminal. If a DC voltage is to be used. Output waveform after switching on: Because of the use of direct coupled circuits throughout the entire stage. this should be checked before connecting AC power cord. Adjust TC102 for 1 MHz on the frequency counter. change the position of the power voltage selector according to the instructions on the rear panel. Adjust VR101 until the frequency counter indicates 10Hz. Use of a long shield cable will affect high frequency amplitude characteristics because of its own line capacitance. 6. 3. 2. . Output voltage variation due to ambient temperature: A thermistor is used to control the oscillating voltage. it should be applied through a capacitor.6. Caution 1. RANGE switch (6) to X 10k and the frequency dial (8) to “100” position. 8. Connecting leads should be as short as possible. Note that operating voltage is within ± 10% of the rated voltage. short this terminal (output voltage amplitude will somewhat deviate in this case). Impedance matching: Any related equipment to be connected to OUTPUT terminal should be checked to see that its input impedance matches the output impedance (600 Ω ) of AG-203. If your local AC voltage is other than 240V. use of a long unshielded lead will introduce noise and cause other troubles. 5. 7. Effect of external noise: Excessive noise from an outside source may affect the external synchronizing input terminal. 7. Care should be used when operating AG-203 in atmosphere of excessive temperature variation because the thermistor is normally affected by ambient temperature variation. a DC voltage will appear at OUTPUT terminal for a while when the power is on. Also. Set FREQ. 4. RANGE switch (6) to X 1 and the frequency dial (8) to "10" position. your AG-203 will not work properly. This DC voltage will disappear about 20 to 30 seconds later when normal output waveform is obtained. If two switches are pressed at-the same time or all the switches are in released positions. If such a noise is evident. Set FREQ. Power supply voltage: AG-203 is preset to operate on AC 240V.

2A) x 2 Fuse (0. type banana Terminal. Parts No. foamed styrene Protection cover Polythene bag .Parts List Ref No.125A) x 3 Shield Plate - G01-0901-04 Spring - H01-2812-04 - H10-2802-02 - H20-1703-04 H25-0801-04 Packing Case (individual packing) Packing material. type banana (black) Pair terminal Cord (black) Cord (red) Mini-gator clip with black insulator Mini-gator clip with red insulator Banana tip (black) Banana tip (red) - F05-2012-05 F05-1218-05 F10-1511-04 Fuse (0. Description - Miscellaneous A01-0809-22 Case A10-1409-13 Chassis A20-2708-03 Frame A21-0811-03 Ornament Panel A23-1606-03 Rear Panel A40-0703-13 Bottom Plate - B07-0189-04 B07-0190-04 B20-0804-14 B23-0601-04 B30-0902-15 B40-2703-04 B41-0702-14 B50-2818-00 Push Escutcheon Push Escutcheon Graticule Pointer LED Group Serial Plate Voltage Indication Panel Instruction Manual VC1a. b C01-0154-15 Variable Capacitor - D13-0501-15 D13-0502-15 D21-0061-04 D23-0061-04 Bevel Gear (1) Bevel Gear (2) Shaft Bearing - E03-0201-15 E08-1081-05 E09-0681-05 E18-0106-05 E18-0107-05 E21-0209-13 E30-0095-05 E30-0096-05 E91-0003-05 - E91-0004-05 - E91-0016-05 E91-0015-05 Power Connector Voltage Selector (jack) Voltage Selector (plug) Terminal.

R112 R113 R114 R115 R116 R117.6MΩ ±1% ½W R92-0797-05 Metal 36MΩ ±1% ½W RD14BB2E222J Carbon 2. C101 C102 C103 C104 C105 C106 C107. C110 C111.8KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E470J Carbon 47Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E820J Carbon 82Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E103J Carbon 10KΩ ±5% ¼W . C112 C113 C114 C116 C117 C201 R101. R104 R105. Parts No.2KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E121J Carbon 120Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E183J Carbon 18KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E103J Carbon 10KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E561J Carbon 560Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E470J Carbon 47Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E820J Carbon 82Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E682J Carbon 6. R102 R103.6KΩ ±1% ¼W RN14BY2E3602F Metal 36KΩ ±1% ¼W RN14BY2E3603F Metal 360KΩ ±1% ¼W R92-0796-05 Metal 3. R122 R123 R124 Parts List of X65-1160-00 Description Capacitor CM93B2A120J Mica 12pF MC93BD2A080D Mica 8 pF CM93BD2A100D Mica 10pF CM93BD2A100D Mica 10pF CM93BD2A510J Mica 51pF CE04W1E470 Electrolytic 470uF 25V CE04W1V222 Electrolytic 2200uF 35V CQ93M1H104K Mylar 0. R106 R108. J03-0003-04 J13-0033-15 J21-2820-04 - J21-2877-04 J42-0038-04 Description Rubber leg Fuse Holder Variable Capacitor mounting hardware Switch Mounting hardware Hall Brush - K01-0058-25 K21-0282-04 K21-0292-04 K21-0306-04 K21-0803-04 K21-0807-04 Grip Knob (push) Knob (push) (orange) Knob Dial Knob Knob (push) (blue) - L01-9026-05 Power Transformer - S40-2506-05 Push Switch - X65-1160-00 Main unit (Printed circuit board) Ref No. - Parts No. R110 R111. R118 R119 R120 R121. C108 C109. R108 R109.1 uF CE04W1E101 Electrolytic 100uF 25V CH93BD2A040D Mica 4 pF CC45SL1H330J Ceramic 33pF CC45SL1H101J Ceramic 100pF CC45CH1H470J Ceramic 47pF CK45D1H152M Ceramic 1500pF ±20% Resistor RN14BY2E3601F Metal 3.Ref No.

8KΩ 3. Description Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon 10KΩ 10Ω 10KΩ 47KΩ ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W R134 R135 R136 R137 R138 R139 R140 R141 R142 R143 R144 R145 R146 R201 R202.83Ω ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ½W ¼W ½W ¼W ¼W J101-103 R92-0150-05 Jumper Wire Q101.2KΩ 3. R126 R127. 212 R213 R214. 104 Q105 Q106 Q107 Q108 Q109 Q110. 209 R210 R211. R146 R128. 102 Q103.6KΩ 5. 106 D107 1S1588 MTZ24JC W02 Diode Diode Diode Bridge TH101 STT-300H Thermistor VR101 VR102 Miscellaneous R12-8001-05 Semi-fixed resistor 2.6KΩ 6.0KΩ 10KΩ 2.2KΩ 22Ω 1. 111 Q112 Q113 Semiconductor 2SK381D Field Effect Transistor 2SA838 (C) Transistor 2SC1222 (Y) Transistor 2SA604 (Y) Transistor 2SC945 (Y) Transistor 2SA505 (Y) Transistor 2SC2274 (D E) Transistor 2SC1222 (Y) Transistor 2SC1096 Transistor 2SA634 Transistor D101~104 D105. R125.6KΩ 1.2KΩ 22Ω 22Ω 10KΩ 590Ω 316Ω 422Ω 487Ω 121Ω 562Ω 38.3Ω 590Ω 12. 203 R204 R205. 215 R216 RD14BB2E103J RD14BB2E100J RD14BB2E103J RD14BB2E473J Not Used RD14BB2E562J RD14BB2E682J RD14BB2E362J RD14BB2E562J RD14BB2E122J RD14BB2E302J RD14BB2E103J RD14BB2E222J RD14BY2H220J RD14BB2E122J RD14BY2H220J RD14BB2E122J RD14BB2E103J RN148K2H5900F RN148K2H3160F RN148K2H4220F RN148K2H4870F RN148K2H1210F RN148K2H5620F RN148K2H38R3F RN148K2H5900F RN148K2H12R1F RN148K2H5900F RN148K2H3R83F Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal 5.2MΩB R12-0056-05 Semi-fixed resistor 100ΩB .Ref No. R129 R131 R132 Parts No.1Ω 590Ω 3. 206 R207 R208.

Ref No. b S201 a. S101 a~e S102 a. S42-5501-05 S42-2501-05 S01-2502-05 Description Push switch Push switch Rotary Switch Printed circuit board . b - Parts No.