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Trio

AG-203
CR Oscillator
Instruction Manual

Contents
Features
Specifications
Circuit Description
Panel Controls and Their Functions
Operating Instructions
Applications
Maintenance
Adjustment
Caution
Parts List
PC Board
Schematic Diagram

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Features








All solid-state circuitry ensure extreme high stability, minimum warm-up time
and less power consumption.
High reliability with adoption of direct coupled circuits throughout the entire
stage.
Compact styling with vertical type panel for easy operation.
Frequency dial scale calibrated with single-scale graduations for frequency
range 10Hz to 1MHz selectable in 5 ranges.
High output design; more than 7V rms at no load and more than 3.5V rms at
600Ω. Output level is fully adjustable with a 10dB step, 6 range attenuator and
a level indicator.
Low output impedance of 600Ω. The attenuator provides accuracy of ±1dB at
600Ω load.
Sine and Square waves easily available.
Synchronizing input terminal.
Extremely high stability against variation of power source.

allowable input voltage: 10V rms Approx 10KΩ Input impedance: 600Ω ±10% Output impedance: 0dB.5% or less 20Hz – 500KHz. max output) 50% ±5% (at 1KHz.5% or less (Square wave characteristic) Output Voltage (no load) 10V p-p or more Sag: Rise and Fall times: Overshoot: Duty ratio: 5% or less at 50Hz 200ns or less 2% or less (at 1KHz. -10dB. 100Hz – 1KHz x100 range. ±1dB Distortion Factor 400Hz – 20KHz.1% or less 100Hz – 100KHz.3% or less (x 10 range for 100Hz) 50Hz – 200KHz. 0. 1. 130(w) x . 5060Hz 5 Watts See Fig.Specifications Frequency Range x 1 range. 0. 1KHz) 10Hz – 1MHz. (Stability against power source voltage variation (with respect to variation of 100V ±10%)) Frequency drift: Output Voltage Variation: Operating Temperature: Power Requirements: Power Consumption: External View: Dimensions: Within ±5% Within ±0. -40dB. 0. 2 on page 9 Casing 128(W) x 238(D) x 190(H)mm. -20dB. 10KHz – 100KHz x 10K range. 10Hz – 100Hz x 10 range. 220V or 240V). -30dB.5dB 0-50°(relative humidity less than 90%) AC 100V (120V. 1% or less 10Hz – 1MHz. Output attenuator: and –50dB in 6 steps (accuracy: ±1dB at 600Ω load. Overall (including knobs). 100KHz – 1MHz Frequency accuracy ±(3% ±1Hz) (Sine Wave Characteristics) Output voltages (no-load) 7V rms or more Frequency Characteristics (reference freq. 1KHz – 10KHz x 1K range. max output) (External Synchronization Characteristics) ±1V Synchronization range: Max.

by means of which it is adjusted to any desired voltage. The amplifier circuit for the oscillator circuit is composed of a 2-stage differential amplifier and an output stage. 0. Wien Bridge Oscillator Circuit The Wien bridge oscillator circuit elements consist of the resistance elements.Weight: Accessories: 268(D) x 215(H)mm. and the variable capacitor controlled by the FREQUENCY dial. It is composed of an emitter coupled Schmidt-trigger circuit and a buffer amplifier. Summary When reading the following descriptions. 2. and then delivered through an output attenuator to the output terminal.2A (2) Instruction Manual (1) Circuit Description 1. which may be switched over for 5 ranges by the FREQ. . 1) and the schematic diagram. the sine-wave signal is shaped into the square wave and the voltage is also adjusted by the OUTPUT control. while it is also fed back with negative polarity through the non-linear thermistor to stabilize the amplitude. thus providing sufficient rising and falling characteristics. thus determining any desired frequency within the entire frequency range from 10Hz to 1MHz.125A (2) and 0. These elements provide means to vary the oscillating frequency continuously over 10 times its frequency on one range. The signal voltage thus adjusted is applied to the output circuit. 2. The output voltage is fed back with positive polarity through the oscillator elements to form an oscillating circuit. red (1) and black (1) Fuse. The attenuator provides selectable attenuations of 0dB through -50dB in 10dB steps at 600Ω of output impedance. one red and black test cord with basket clip and antenna plug. The output stage is a SEPP circuit using complementary transistors. high amplification type circuit with PNP transistors featuring high cut-off frequency. The first stage is a high input impedance circuit with FET while the driver stage is a wide band. The sine-wave signal generated by the Wien bridge oscillator circuit is fed through the WAVE FORM selector switch set at the " ~ " position to the OUTPUT control. 3. If the WAVE FORM switch is in the “ _‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬position.9kg. RANGE switch. Banana plug. employing an DC amplifier circuit. refer to the block diagram (Fig. Square Wave Shaping Circuit The square wave shaping circuit is a Schmidt-trigger circuit in which the sine wave signal from the oscillator circuit is shaped into a square wave. where its impedance is appropriately converted. Power cord (1) Output cord.

Refer to the panel diagram on page 9. Power Supply The Power supply circuit is powered by AC (100V. POWER Pushbutton type switch turns on the power when pressed. 6.4. 3. (Fig 2) FRONT PANEL This lamp (light emitting diode) lights when POWER switch (2) is ON. 2. Output Attenuator The 6-position output attenuator selects attenuations of 0dB to -50dB in 10dB steps. It is a SEPP-OCL circuit employing complementary transistors to provide sufficiently low output impedance characteristics over the range from DC to 1MHz. the output voltage (sine wave at no-load time) is more than 7V rms. 120V or 220V) and delivers DC ±22V sufficiently stabilized by large capacity smoothing capacitors (220OmF x 2) and a voltage stabilizer. At the 0dB position with the OUTPUT control turned fully clockwise. Output Circuit The output circuit converts the impedance of signal from the OUTPUT control and feeds the signal to the output attenuator at a low impedance. . ATTENUATOR 6-position output attenuator selects attenuations of 0dB to -50dB in 10dB steps. 5. Panel Controls and Their Functions The table below describes the functions of panel controls. The output impedance is rated for 600Ω and the attenuation accuracy is as high as ±1.0dB at a 600Ω load.

4. The marking indicates GND (case grounded). OUTPUT Output terminal used for both sine wave and square wave. .

10. Amplitude Amplitude adjuster to continuously vary the amplitude of output voltage. When pressed to “_‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬the signal is square wave. Frequencies can be read by multiplying the reading on the dial scale by magnification of FREQ. . FREQUENCY DIAL This dial adjusts oscillating frequencies. 13. power of 100V. REAR PANEL 11. Operating Instructions 1. DIAL SCALE This dial is calibrated with graduations of 10-100 to indicate oscillating frequencies. 120V or 220V may be used by changing the position of the selector.10kHz 10KHz – 100KHz 100KHz – 1MHz 7. A. Fuse Fuse fore Power supply. WAVE FORM Output waveform selector switch.5. 8. 9. Start-up First check that the fuse (12) and the power voltage selector (14) are in the normal positions.RANGE. DIAL POINTER This pointer indicates frequencies on the dial scale. RANGE Oscillating frequency range selector switch which selects the ranges in 5 steps as follows: X1 x10 x100 x 1K x 10K 10Hz -100Hz 100Hz.C.C. connector. This selector is preset to 240V position. 6. Sync. When pressed to “~”. External synchronizing signal input terminals fir GND for connection of synchronizing signal to AG-203. 14. then connect the supplied AC power cord to your AC outlet. output signal is sine wave. FREQ. Allow 2 or 3 minutes for the unit to warm up so that it is stabilized. Press the power switch (2) and the pilot lamp (1) will light indicating that the unit is ready for operation.C. Power Voltage Selector.lkHz 1kHz . 12. Connector For connection of the supplied A. A.

Connect a voltmeter capable of measuring AC 1 V rms to OUTPUT terminal (4). The voltmeter indicates about 0V. The synchronizing range is increased in proportion as the input voltage is increased as shown in Fig.5(kHz) 4. Press the switch to the " _‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬position for square waves. 3. Set ATTENUATOR (3) to 0dB and then adjust AMPLITUDE (7) until the voltmeter indicates 1V rms. proceed as follows: 1. Set ATTENUATOR (3) to -40dB. can be continuously varied by AMPLITUDE (7) and stepped down by ATTENUATOR (3). the frequency can be synchronized with 1 kHz of the input signal. Adjustment of Output Voltage The output voltage from OUTPUT terminal (4). the oscillating frequency of AG-203 can be synchronized to the external signal. The frequency thus selected is: 15 x 100 = 1500(Hz = 1. Frequency Selection First set the FREQ. while a voltage of 10mV rms appears at OUTPUT terminal (4). 3.2. be it sine wave or square wave.01). Set FREQ RANGE switch (6) to x 100 2. indicating that the synchronizing range is about ±1 % per input voltage of 1 V. 3. 5.5kHz. 2. Example: Suppose you want to select a frequency of 1. Example: To adjust output voltage to 10mV rms. By using the frequency dial.RANGE switch (6) to the desired range. A voltage of 1V rms will appear at OUTPUT terminal (4). Note that too high a synchronizing signal voltage will affect the amplitude and . set the dial pointer (10) to “15” on the dial scale. then proceed as follows: 1. Use of Synchronizing Input Terminal By applying an external sine wave signal to SYNC terminal (11). then set the frequency dial (8) so that the dial pointer (10) indicates your frequency. Example: Suppose that the input signal voltage is 1V rms and the oscillating frequency of AG-203 is between 990Hz and 1010Hz (1kHz ±1kHz x 1%/V x 1V = 1kHz ±1kHz x 0. Waveform Selection Press the WAVE FORM switch (5) to the " ~ " position to obtain sine waves.

Disconnect the amplifier and connect the AC volt-meter to AG-203 to measure the output voltage. 2.2 Since the unit features wide bandwidth. If ATTENUATOR (3) is set to 0dB and the voltmeter indicates 2V. Using as Sine Wave Oscillator AG-203 can be used as a sine wave oscillator as outlined below. Adjust ATTENUATOR (3) and AMPLITUDE (7) so that AC volt-meter indicates the rated output (supposed to be 1V in this example) of the amplifier. 1. amplifier to be tested and AC volt-meter as shown in Fig. 1.3 The built-in high accuracy attenuator permits measurement of amplifier gain. It is therefore advisable that the oscillating frequency be first synchronized with a low input signal voltage (less than 1 V rms) and then the voltage be increased. 1. Therefore. it is advisable to set ATTENUATOR (3) as low as possible. To facilitate the measurement. Measurement of Amplifier Gain An example of measurement of amplifier gain is described below. the synchronization is pulled out which affects the distortion factor. it can be used for measurement of frequency characteristic of amplifier. Applications 1. it can be used for measurement of distortion characteristic of amplifier. the gain obtained is as follows: . 2.1 Since the unit features low distortion factor. 1. and care must therefore be taken when the signal voltage is higher than 3V rms. Assume that ATTENUATOR (3) is set –50dB for the rated output. it means that the input voltage of the amplifier is 50dB below 2V.4 Can be used as a signal-source of impedance bridge. note that if the synchronizing signal is largely deviated from the frequency of AG-203. 4. Note that the use of ATTENUATOR (3) eliminates the need for connecting a high sensitivity voltmeter. 1. First connect AG-203. Also.distortion factor.

the oscilloscope will display a straight line as shown in Fig. 5.50dB + 20 log 10 1V dB 2V = 50dB – 6dB = 44dB 3. it indicates that the output signal of amplifier is suffering from an amplitude distortion. If there is no phase shift about the output signal of the amplifier. 5A. If the straight line on the oscilloscope is curved at its top and bottom sections as shown in Fig. In this case. This causes the straight line on the oscilloscope to expand gradually to turn into an ellipse. . reduce the output level of AG -203 a little to vary the frequency. the phase shift can be calculated as follows: First. Sin Θ = x X Find θ from the table of trigonometric functions and the value obtained gives the angle of phase shift. 5B. measure the maximum horizontal deflection and suppose that this deflection is "X” and that the section at which the ellipse crosses the horizontal axis is “x". And. as shown in Fig. By utilizing the configuration of this ellipse. 6. Measurement of Phase Characteristic Connect AG-203 and an oscilloscope to the amplifier to be tested as shown in Fig. the phase shift angle θ is given by the following.

Using as Square Wave Oscillator AG-203 features excellent rising and falling characteristics (120 ns as standard characteristic). 7. Mounting the Case Place the case so that the underside of it is left open a little. 2. By applying such a good square wave to an amplifier input. as it will damage the screws and the vinyl leather on the case. an amplifier to be tested and an oscilloscope as shown in Fig. 3. Lift the case at the underside until the case is fully removed (see Fig. 8. The relationship between waveforms and amplifier characteristics is shown in Fig. Do not use excessive force when tightening. Maintenance 1. Tighten 6 screws uniformly. right and top sides with a Phillips head screwdriver. Connect AG-203. Removal of Case Remove 2 screws each on the left. . During the test. To test an amplifier. so the sag (deflection of top section) is as low as 5% at 50Hz. Press WAVE FORM (5) to the “_‪‪ ‫ ” _‫‬position to obtain square waves of appropriate frequency and amplitude. change the frequency as necessary. 9). It has no coupling capacitors in the output stage. 2.4. proceed as follows: 1. various characteristics of amplifier can be observed on an oscilloscope.

Adjustments All the circuits of AG-203 are factory adjusted prior to shipment and no further adjustments are required. 5. Replacement of Fuse Open the fuse holder with a Phillips head screwdriver. except for the frequency dial which may need readjustment for proper tracking. Check that the frequency counter is indicating 1 kHz. then loosen the set-screws on the dial. Note that the power supply voltage must be calibrated before making adjustment (see Fig. proceed to the adjusting work using an accurate test equipment. If readjustment is required. Replace the fuse with one having the same rating. Remove the knob of the frequency dial. . 2. Although this dial is also pre-adjusted at the factory. then secure the knob to the dial. 4. Connect a frequency counter to OUTPUT terminal (4). Set the dial to "10" position and tighten the setscrews. RANGE switch (6) to X 100 and adjust the shaft of the dial until the frequency counter indicates 1 kHz. making sure that the shaft stays as it is. 3.3. Set FREO. Set the dial to “10” position and adjust TC101 for a reading of 10kHz on the frequency counter. 1. 10).

5. Impedance matching: Any related equipment to be connected to OUTPUT terminal should be checked to see that its input impedance matches the output impedance (600 Ω ) of AG-203. Output voltage variation due to ambient temperature: A thermistor is used to control the oscillating voltage. Connecting leads should be as short as possible. 4.6. Caution 1. 3. RANGE switch (6) to X 10k and the frequency dial (8) to “100” position. Power supply voltage: AG-203 is preset to operate on AC 240V. short this terminal (output voltage amplitude will somewhat deviate in this case). 6. Adjust VR101 until the frequency counter indicates 10Hz. change the position of the power voltage selector according to the instructions on the rear panel. Care should be used when operating AG-203 in atmosphere of excessive temperature variation because the thermistor is normally affected by ambient temperature variation. Effect of external noise: Excessive noise from an outside source may affect the external synchronizing input terminal. If such a noise is evident. Use of a long shield cable will affect high frequency amplitude characteristics because of its own line capacitance. Set FREQ. Also. your AG-203 will not work properly. use of a long unshielded lead will introduce noise and cause other troubles. Adjust TC102 for 1 MHz on the frequency counter. Be sure to press only one FREQ RANGE switch. this should be checked before connecting AC power cord. 7. a DC voltage will appear at OUTPUT terminal for a while when the power is on. 7. RANGE switch (6) to X 1 and the frequency dial (8) to "10" position. Output waveform after switching on: Because of the use of direct coupled circuits throughout the entire stage. it should be applied through a capacitor. however. 8. If your local AC voltage is other than 240V. If a DC voltage is to be used. Set FREQ. If two switches are pressed at-the same time or all the switches are in released positions. . Do not apply voltage of more than 10V rms to OUTPUT terminal and SYNC terminal. This DC voltage will disappear about 20 to 30 seconds later when normal output waveform is obtained. 2. Note that operating voltage is within ± 10% of the rated voltage.

2A) x 2 Fuse (0. Parts No.125A) x 3 Shield Plate - G01-0901-04 Spring - H01-2812-04 - H10-2802-02 - H20-1703-04 H25-0801-04 Packing Case (individual packing) Packing material. b C01-0154-15 Variable Capacitor - D13-0501-15 D13-0502-15 D21-0061-04 D23-0061-04 Bevel Gear (1) Bevel Gear (2) Shaft Bearing - E03-0201-15 E08-1081-05 E09-0681-05 E18-0106-05 E18-0107-05 E21-0209-13 E30-0095-05 E30-0096-05 E91-0003-05 - E91-0004-05 - E91-0016-05 E91-0015-05 Power Connector Voltage Selector (jack) Voltage Selector (plug) Terminal. Description - Miscellaneous A01-0809-22 Case A10-1409-13 Chassis A20-2708-03 Frame A21-0811-03 Ornament Panel A23-1606-03 Rear Panel A40-0703-13 Bottom Plate - B07-0189-04 B07-0190-04 B20-0804-14 B23-0601-04 B30-0902-15 B40-2703-04 B41-0702-14 B50-2818-00 Push Escutcheon Push Escutcheon Graticule Pointer LED Group Serial Plate Voltage Indication Panel Instruction Manual VC1a.Parts List Ref No. foamed styrene Protection cover Polythene bag . type banana (black) Pair terminal Cord (black) Cord (red) Mini-gator clip with black insulator Mini-gator clip with red insulator Banana tip (black) Banana tip (red) - F05-2012-05 F05-1218-05 F10-1511-04 Fuse (0. type banana Terminal.

R106 R108. C110 C111. R122 R123 R124 Parts List of X65-1160-00 Description Capacitor CM93B2A120J Mica 12pF MC93BD2A080D Mica 8 pF CM93BD2A100D Mica 10pF CM93BD2A100D Mica 10pF CM93BD2A510J Mica 51pF CE04W1E470 Electrolytic 470uF 25V CE04W1V222 Electrolytic 2200uF 35V CQ93M1H104K Mylar 0.6KΩ ±1% ¼W RN14BY2E3602F Metal 36KΩ ±1% ¼W RN14BY2E3603F Metal 360KΩ ±1% ¼W R92-0796-05 Metal 3.2KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E121J Carbon 120Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E183J Carbon 18KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E103J Carbon 10KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E561J Carbon 560Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E470J Carbon 47Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E820J Carbon 82Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E682J Carbon 6. C101 C102 C103 C104 C105 C106 C107. R102 R103. C108 C109. R118 R119 R120 R121. R110 R111. - Parts No. Parts No.Ref No.1 uF CE04W1E101 Electrolytic 100uF 25V CH93BD2A040D Mica 4 pF CC45SL1H330J Ceramic 33pF CC45SL1H101J Ceramic 100pF CC45CH1H470J Ceramic 47pF CK45D1H152M Ceramic 1500pF ±20% Resistor RN14BY2E3601F Metal 3. C112 C113 C114 C116 C117 C201 R101. J03-0003-04 J13-0033-15 J21-2820-04 - J21-2877-04 J42-0038-04 Description Rubber leg Fuse Holder Variable Capacitor mounting hardware Switch Mounting hardware Hall Brush - K01-0058-25 K21-0282-04 K21-0292-04 K21-0306-04 K21-0803-04 K21-0807-04 Grip Knob (push) Knob (push) (orange) Knob Dial Knob Knob (push) (blue) - L01-9026-05 Power Transformer - S40-2506-05 Push Switch - X65-1160-00 Main unit (Printed circuit board) Ref No. R104 R105.6MΩ ±1% ½W R92-0797-05 Metal 36MΩ ±1% ½W RD14BB2E222J Carbon 2. R108 R109. R112 R113 R114 R115 R116 R117.8KΩ ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E470J Carbon 47Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E820J Carbon 82Ω ±5% ¼W RD14BB2E103J Carbon 10KΩ ±5% ¼W .

104 Q105 Q106 Q107 Q108 Q109 Q110.0KΩ 10KΩ 2.6KΩ 6. Description Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon 10KΩ 10Ω 10KΩ 47KΩ ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W R134 R135 R136 R137 R138 R139 R140 R141 R142 R143 R144 R145 R146 R201 R202.6KΩ 1. 209 R210 R211. 111 Q112 Q113 Semiconductor 2SK381D Field Effect Transistor 2SA838 (C) Transistor 2SC1222 (Y) Transistor 2SA604 (Y) Transistor 2SC945 (Y) Transistor 2SA505 (Y) Transistor 2SC2274 (D E) Transistor 2SC1222 (Y) Transistor 2SC1096 Transistor 2SA634 Transistor D101~104 D105.8KΩ 3. R125.6KΩ 5. 102 Q103. 206 R207 R208. R146 R128.2MΩB R12-0056-05 Semi-fixed resistor 100ΩB . 215 R216 RD14BB2E103J RD14BB2E100J RD14BB2E103J RD14BB2E473J Not Used RD14BB2E562J RD14BB2E682J RD14BB2E362J RD14BB2E562J RD14BB2E122J RD14BB2E302J RD14BB2E103J RD14BB2E222J RD14BY2H220J RD14BB2E122J RD14BY2H220J RD14BB2E122J RD14BB2E103J RN148K2H5900F RN148K2H3160F RN148K2H4220F RN148K2H4870F RN148K2H1210F RN148K2H5620F RN148K2H38R3F RN148K2H5900F RN148K2H12R1F RN148K2H5900F RN148K2H3R83F Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal Metal 5.83Ω ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ±5% ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ¼W ½W ¼W ½W ¼W ¼W J101-103 R92-0150-05 Jumper Wire Q101. 212 R213 R214. R129 R131 R132 Parts No.2KΩ 3. R126 R127.2KΩ 22Ω 22Ω 10KΩ 590Ω 316Ω 422Ω 487Ω 121Ω 562Ω 38.1Ω 590Ω 3. 106 D107 1S1588 MTZ24JC W02 Diode Diode Diode Bridge TH101 STT-300H Thermistor VR101 VR102 Miscellaneous R12-8001-05 Semi-fixed resistor 2.3Ω 590Ω 12.2KΩ 22Ω 1.Ref No. 203 R204 R205.

Ref No. b - Parts No. b S201 a. S101 a~e S102 a. S42-5501-05 S42-2501-05 S01-2502-05 Description Push switch Push switch Rotary Switch Printed circuit board .