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EQ Magazine - For audio and home recording studio equipment and software - But What About The Tracking


04.06.2007 23:11 Uhr

Why Acoustically Great doesnt always equal Musically Great & what you can do about it<

But What About The Tracking Room?

By Lee Flier | June 2007

We all know the importance of acoustical treatment in our studios, but most of the focus for small
project studios is on treating the control room. But what about the tracking room? Do the same
principles apply there, and what effect does acoustical treatment have on the instruments sonic
In terms of pure physics, you still have to deal with standing waves, early reflections and all the same issues. In fact, in the
tracking room these problems may be amplified (literally), as you may be dealing with loud sound sources like drum kits and
guitar amps. Many people opt to simply deaden the room as much as possible to kill all those reflections, covering the room
with acoustic foam, then adding character to the sound in the mix using effects. While this approach works for some styles of
music, it may not be the best solution for rock and other organic genres where you want a more live sound.
Moreover, an oft overlooked fact is that the sound of the recording room dramatically affects the tone of the recorded
instrument, including vocals. In fact, you can think of the room as being like a giant equalizer, where the early reflections in the
room combine with the original sound source to produce the overall timbre of the instrument or voice. You can take away
those early reflections as much as possible to get an acoustically purer sound, but in the process you lose much of what
enlivens a sound in the natural environment and gives it character. And of course, its difficult to substantially change the basic
timbre of an instrument in the mix.
So how to retain the character of early reflections, especially in a small room, without dealing with standing waves and other
phasing problems? Some compromise is necessary. You can approach treatment of your tracking room a bit differently than a
control room because after all, in the tracking room you arent striving for accuracy so much as musicality you just want
the instruments to sound good in the room. And luckily you can measure that without complex calculations or expensive
instruments; all you need is ears. So, here are a few tips to help you achieve a good balance between sonic character and
acoustical problem.
Dont deaden everything. Dont put foam all over the room. Leave some reflective surface on the walls, or cover two walls
and leave each opposite wall mostly untreated. Same with the floor and ceiling: In most cases you want an absorptive ceiling
and a reflective floor, so for best results, you want a wood or linoleum floor (not carpeting) and a drop ceiling or foam treated
ceiling. If you have carpeting in your room, consider putting plywood down on the floor while recording; Ive had good luck
recording drums and guitar amps this way in small rooms, tacking up foam on the ceiling. Unless youre deliberately going for
a deader sound, live instruments tend not to sound great on padded carpeting.
Use bass traps. Youll achieve a much more solid low end by the liberal use of bass traps. Many bass traps, such as Mini
Traps from RealTraps, are slightly reflective in the high end so that they dont completely deaden the room, yet they do an
effective job of killing standing waves in the low end.
Build some baffles. Using baffles rather than treating all of the walls lets you adjust the location and number of baffles so
that you can adjust the amount of liveness in the room, or on individual instruments. Put baffles around a drum kit, amp, or
vocal mic for a deader, more close-miked sound; move them further away or eliminate them for more reflections. Its a great
exercise to move baffles around while listening, so that you can hear the dramatic effect they have on the timbre of the
instrument or voice. And remember, vocalists can turn in a much more confident performance when the sound of the room
meshes well with their voices.
If youre in a small home studio where you track and mix in the same room, you can still employ many of these techniques. By
using as many bass traps as you can and building moveable baffles, you can increase and change the reflections in the room
when tracking, and deaden them when mixing. If you prefer a very dead room while mixing, treat one side of each baffle with
foam and the reverse side with more reflective material. This gives maximum flexibility in changing the rooms character to
suit the task at hand.
Recording live instruments in small rooms is always a challenge, but theres no need to track in a lifeless room. Many classic
recordings have been made in less than acoustically perfect rooms, gaining an unmistakable character of their own as a
result. Even hallways, stairwells, tiled bathrooms, and other acoustic nightmares can work, depending what kind of sound you
seek. So ditch the foam for awhile and feel free to experiment! Thats the only way to find out for sure if you can defy the laws
of physics.

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EQ Magazine - For audio and home recording studio equipment and software - But What About The Tracking Room?

04.06.2007 23:11 Uhr

Lee Flier is a guitarist, songwriter, engineer, and producer based in Atlanta,Georgia. Her band, What The?, is a fixture in the Atlanta
area, has released two independent CDs and of late has been performing in other states, countries, and even virtual reality. She can be
contacted via the bands website: What The...?, and also moderates the Backstage With the Band forum at Harmony Central.

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