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CONTENT

S.No

Pages

1.

Theory

2.

Exercise

-1

22-26

3.

Exercise -2

26-40

Exereise - 3{Section A)

41

Exercise-3(SectionB)

49-55

Exercise - 4

56-58

Answer key

59

02-21

tr,l

JEE [MAIN + ADVANCEDJ

MAGNETIC EFFECT
OF CURRENT

-49

- 61

IIAGNTIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

Low

Biot-Savort

,-

Whencharges move in a conducting wire and produce

current

to the current can be calculated by adding up the magnetic field

of the wire

6!

map.etic field at any point p due

the

contibutions, 69 , fiom small segrnens

(Figure).
,ttt O

."1<= r-,.'-a

I
Figure : Magnetic field dB at pointP due to

current-carrying element 16g

These s ggmgnts 911 b_e thought ofas a vector quantity having a magnihrde ofthe length ofqhe segrpeni
and pointing in the direction ofthe cunent flow. The infinitesimal current source can then be written as

rds
Let rdenote as the distance form the current source to ttre field pointPand
vector. The B iot-Savart law gives an expression for the

the conesponding

mapetic field conribution, 6[ , from

unit

the cunent

source, Ids,

6[ where po is a constant

ca

tto IdS-x

4n r'

lled thep ermeability offree space:

x l0-7 T.m/A here Tesla (T) is SI unit of


I
-Addingup'thesflconhibutions to find the magnetic field at the point P requires integrating over the
F6 = 4n

cunent source,

= )fas =

flri

t'or
4nJ

12

Mognetic Field due fo o Finite Stroight Wire.

A thin, straighr wire carryiug a curent 1is placed along thex-axis,


magnetic field at point p due to the segm ent shown in
figure.

as

shown in Figure. Evaluate the

i,+

:',

/ _-...._-__r, ,,t
Figure

m
tr]]
t_:

i. I

SANSAL CLASSES

1i

.POOJA

9. I -3

Y*

A thin straight wire carrying a crrrrenL

TOWEE' 3, GOPAL PUBA

1.

PASS, JAIPU 8.3020 e (RAJ.l tNotA.


TEL. (0 4 )s ,8

6,

65

722

l'age # 3

I'lAGltETlC EPFECT OF CURRENT


In fact, ft dircction ofthe magretic field due to a long straight wire cau be deErmined by the right-hand
rule (Figure). Ifyou direct your right thumb along tre direction of *recurrent in *re wire, ttren the fmgers
ofyour right hand curl in the direction ofthe magnetic field.

Magnetic Field due


dt

to a current corrying Arc ot its centre

ad0

-a

th I(ado):in9oo thl ae
6= 4tt
=
a'
4na

s= Jfae=-&!
4ta

,p,
0

B=lol- (p)
4rR

,tAcanetic Field

dueio c'Circular-6rrrenf

ot a point on its

Loop

axis

Considera circular loop ofradius a carrying a current i We have to find the magnetic field at a point
P on the axis ofthe loop at a distance d from its centre O. In figure

rdl

dB,

dE

I
I
I

P
dB,

a,l.

Figure shows the geometry for calculating the


magnet ic field at a poht on the axis ofa circular current
loop a distance x from its center. we firct
consrder the currentelement at the top of the loop. Here,
as
everywhere arou nd the Ioop,167 is tanqenr
k) rhe looir and perpendicular to
the

current elemeltt to the lield

p.i,t

the ligure, perpen dicular (o

vector

fiom the

P The rragrreric Iicrtr 69 due to this crenreut is in tlie crir.ection


shorr,, irr
aucl also pct.l.rc.ncl ic u la r. to r The nta-qnitude
16
of
rs

6[

ld / sin 90
dB _ [,
4 ,-. r'

when u'e sttttl

at otrud

ltll the

r'lcr)renls irr the Ioop. the conrponerrts ot6g pcrpcrrclicLrlur r. t6c


orrly trre cornporrerrs (lB\ lhat irre p;rirllcl t()
tlte axis. \\/e thrrs crrrrputc
i\rrl1 ll:e r eolrrporrcrrl of tlrr, lield.
cLrt t-enl

axisofllteJooP'strcha:tll] itt Fi-ctttcsrrrr:


rr)zcro. lcr'ing

t-orn

Figure , rve har

s- -- f.insine= flrire4d/=
J
J

trr'

BAt{sAL CLASSES

'PO OJA rowER" 3, GOP


A L PUFA B

R,r.o\ tr"l(2rR')
sirr6 fd1 -= f,,l
-rr,,n,
-l*r'""'"J",
]rf

-;

P ass, J AI P UB .3020 8 HAJ,)


IN0llA.

IEL. (0 I

)s

6, 55

l'age # 5

AGNTIC EFFECT OF CURRENT


Net magretic induction

a= [aa=

oooo

poniR2 dx

! na;;f,

oo

R
.-!-..-.-.

:+:ao

^ llonl
2

g= bY lcssa+

2-

Ampere's Law

,/n'

li

.,ln'

=ff[cosl, +cosZr)
$

eeeeeeeeeee

cosPl

Statement: The circulation

{E'al

of tne resultant magnetic field(ofa closed circuit or an infinite wire

steady cunentfalong-aelosed path(calledarnpe'ian path) is equal ro p;limes thtc-foEldirrent

closd cuwe provided the electic field inside the loop remains constant

crossing the area bounded by the

_-_{h$

a{B'di = Foi'
Olr

il

@i,

@',

@i,

oir

In figure, the positive side is going into the plane ofthe diagram so that i, and i, are positive and i., is
negative. Thus, the total,current crossing the area is ir + iz -i: . Any current outside the area is not

'inel[ale-alinWiftingficnghFliemlSftle-oTqrial0r.-Thefrag;rieticfieldB

onrheleft-handsideisrhe

resultant field due to all the cunents existing anywhere.

field

Ittognetic

due

to o current corrying thin long pipe.

CaseI:7;,p

A={n ar=B{dt=B(znr)

I _-L__

Ir",--+r
:

B(2ttr) = p,,l

D =-

L.: r

11,,1

1rt|

CascII:rqp
+,c

{B * - {oar .. n{,rr - B(z,.t)

I,.,,

'40

=u

B(2nr') = u,,(0

=.8=0

trl
1rF:

F,

'PO(UA TOWEF"

3, GOPAL PURA BY PASS, JAtPUR.3020.t8 (BAJ.)


INDIA.

IEL. (0 t4 1)sr r8l 5

6.

551 722

Page # 7

IAGNETIC FFECT OF CURR ENT

(b) Ifr
I

^.4

> a, then net currnt thmugh the Amperian loop

= tKrz2tdr

iq

.,

r.Ka'
2

Pi|(H
= ^o=__*

Magnetic Field due

to

long Solenoid

A solenoid is a long coil ofwire tightly wound in the helical form. Figure shows the
magnetic field lines
a solenoid carrying a steady currentl we see that ifthe tums are
closely spaced, the

isulting

of

magnetic

field inside the solenoid becomes fairly uniform, provided that ttre lengti oittre
solenoid is -uch [=ate,
tban its diarneter. For an "ideal" solenoid, which is infinitely long withLms
tightlypacked, the magnetic
field inside the solenoid is uniform and parallel to the axis, and vanishes ouslde
tie solenoid.

"

-,..-

::

.j-?r'--'!z-

...
-.: i\.\..

'

!t
Figure : Magnetic field lines ofa solenoid

I'
l.

we can useAmpere's law to calculate the magnetic field


strength inside an ideal solenoid. The crosssectional view ofan ideal solenoid is shown in Figure. To compute
E , we considera rectangularpath of
length / and width w and h:averse the path in a counterclockrvise
manner. The line integral of g alo,g
loop

is

ttris

{B ds={B as+ {e ds+{B as+{e

I'

0+0

+ Bl, +

ds

,;,,::i

:iL-'^=

-arB

Figure : Anrperiau Ioo;r for calcuIirtin_q thL.lnagnetic


field ofan

itlu,al solenoicl.

In the above' the co,tributions


arong sidcs 2 arrtr :[ ar-c zero becarrsc[ is pcr-pcndicLrlar.to di. I,
lrdclition.
[ -- [) akrng srdc I lrccause rltc nraencli,: ljcltl is nttrr-zr16 o1l_r irrsitlc. t6e
s.lc,.id. (J, thc
othcr hand. the tota I cul.erlr
enclosed [r1,.1hc ,{ utpcrian loop is
1,.,,. = n/[, u.hcr_e l is the totai
tttns per unit length.
numtrcr of
Applyin-u A rnpet.e,s larr vieltls

VB . ds = B, =

SAT,ISAL CLA
SSES l

.POOJA

pronll

TOWER' 3, GOPAL PURA


aY PASS,

I3

JATPUR-3020

= punl

8 (RAJ. it'lotA.

TEL (0t4 t)51,8, t 5 -

6,

6511722

Page # 9

l$qtnette Field

XIAGNET]C EFFECT OF CURRE NT

of o Moving Point Chorge


_

rJ--- Fo

-ilir

"

qvxr

4n r'

- r.-

Force on o moving charje in mognetic


Consider a particle ofcharge q and moving at a velocity 7

field
.

i'.- f.'
It

@u-re iTTie dire&ion o

the

magretic force

F"-qnx3
The above expression can be taken as the working definition
ofthe magnetic field at
The magritude

of Fe

is glven

point i. space.

by

The SI unit ofmagnetic neu is

tflBtls'l:'(;i:s"

Nelv;ton
N
N
-.. ------_I_
IIesla-lT:I.-^(Loulombxmeter/ sec ond) -, C._/. - ,
Am
Another commonly used non-Sl unit lor
I is the gaass (G), wher.e I T: lOaG
Note that F, is always perpendicular to q and
, and cannot charrge the particle,s speed v (and thus
the kinetic e,ergy). In other words, magnetic
force cannot speed up or slor.v dow,n a charged particle.
Consequently, Nlagnetic field does no rvorkon
charged p'article:

dW = FB.dS = q(n B). vdr q(nx V).Bdt:0


=
"
The direction of g however, can be altered
by the nragnetic force

ttlotion^of chorged.porticle in
uniform mognetic field

;ffi;T.Tfi:;ifl#l:

(a)
(b)
(c)

-tich

acharged particlemavmove

',,

i,

presence

or.nirorm magneric

Srmrglrr lirre parl:


Circular. P;1t|l

Helicalrrarlr
We shall see thenr one
by one.

Stroight line poth


lVltcrr lhc chal
fietd

exe."

-uctl Prrr.ticlc Pr.ojcctccl ilr tlrc tlir.ecliorr ol. o


rru r-i,r.e h.,,... it',,iin

r,.,,"r;;,;-*;,-;;;;J:i[:;[j",fllll,'1"",,,"*,,",,c

iietd. n,ag,r-'ric

ki
F'
T
L CLASSES

"POOJA rOWES'

3, GOPAL PURA

8Y PASS, ,lalrue-rozore

1an.l.) NOIA.

tet (014t)5t 18115 - 6, 6511722

I'age #

lI

MAGTTrc EFfECT OF CURRENT

Velocity

Selector:

r..::

By combining the nvo fields, particles which move wifi a certain velocity can be selected. This was the
principle used by J. J. Thomson to measure the charge-to-mass ratio ofthe electrons. In Figure the
schematic diagram ofThomson's apparatus ildepicted
I

Figure : Thomson's apparatus


The electrons with charge q = --e and mass ,r, are emitted from the cathode C and then accelerated
latuaddrlA,&rthclotgst]aldif fe_reqaeberwean_A_andC__beY--_V-=AV The
energy is equal to the extemal work done in accelerating the electrons: AU = Wo,: qAV: --eAV. By
eoergyconseryatron jhe-kineticenergyahedislK:-zrU=mv?2Jhus,thespeedoftherlectrons
is given

by
2eLY

m
Ifthe elecrons further pass tkough a region where there exists a downward uniform electric field, the
electrons, being negatively charged, will be deflected upward. However, ifin addition to the electric
field, a magnetic field directed into the page is also applied, then the electrons u/ill experience an additional
downward magnetic force
straight path. From

When the two forces exactly cancel, the electrons will move in a

"1,
Eq., we see that when

the condition for the cancellation ofthe two forces is given by

eE = evB. which implies

ln other words, only those particles vr,'ith speed v =


e

the two equations, we obtain

II

E/B will

be able to move in a straight line.

Combining

E1

2(AV)B'z

By measuring E, AV aod B, the charge-to-mass ratio can be readily determined. The most precise
I
measurement to date is e/m = 1.7 58920 17 4(7
I 0r C/kg.

l),

Atloss Spectrometer:
\"ttritltts ntethotls catl hc usctl to nreasurc thc rnass ofan alonr. Onc possibilrtv is throuqh
the usc, ofa
lllass spcctron)cter' The basic lLaLLrc of a BrrlrDlirlge ruass spectlrn)etcr
is illustrate<j ir1 Fi{rul.e. A
palticle canying a charge +-r7 is jirst scnt thr ough a velocity selector_

II

tt

Figrrlc : ABarnbr.irlgc ntass spcctr.untctcr

m
Lr]

BAI,ISAI CL^SSES :

.pOOiA

TOTVER

, 3, GOPAL
PISA 8Y PASS.

JAIPUB,3()2OI8 (RAJ.) tNorA.

rEL. (0,4t)s1181ts -

6.

6511722

Page # 13

I,IAGNETIC EFfECT OF C{TRRENT


in balance. The drifting electons tben rnove along the sfiip"loward the top ofthe page velociry
at
vd with
no firfftrer collection ofelecEons on the right edge oftlre ship and thus no firther
increase in thl electric

fieldE.
e

___(l)

E =evaB

:.

--n2)

ne

neA
potential
A Hall
difference v is associated with the elecbic field across strip width
d.

v:Ed

.. .(3)

From (l), (2) and (3)

EVi
B Bd
"'

neA

o:

&vd-

neV

Bd
By conneelilnga voltmErer across the witlflwe can measure the potential di
fference benveen the two
edges ofthe strip. Moreover, the voltneter can tell us which edge is at higher potential.
For the situation
ofFig. b, we would frnd that the leftedge is at higher potential, which is consistent
with our assumprion
ttrat the charge carriers are negativelycharged

"AV

It is also possible to use the Hall effect to measure directly ttre drift speed
vd ofthe charge carriers, which
you may recall is of the order ofcentimeters per hour. Ia this clever
experirnent, the melal strip is rnoved
mechanically through the magneticfield in a direction opposite that of the drift velocity
ofihe charge
carriers. The speed ofthe rnoving strip is dren adjusted until the Hall potential
diflerence vanishes.
At ftis condirion, with no Hall e.ffecg the velocity of the qt q.qqgugigrlittqspecL!9
qglberaigly_
fizme must be zerd, solhe v6locity orme Stiip must be equalin magnitirae Uui6ppost.
tt e aoe.uon or
the velocity ofthe negative charge carriers.
For a moment, let us make the opposite assumption, that the charge
carrieLs in current i are positively
charged (Fig. c).

Convince yourselfthat as these charge carriers move ftom top to


bottom in the strip, thev are pushed to
the right edge by FB and thus that the right edge is at
highei potential. Because that last statenrent is
co,tradicted by our vortmeter reading, the charge carriers
must be negativery charged.

/tAagnetic Force on

a Current-Corrying Wire

we have just seen that a charged particle moving ttrough


a magnetic field experiences a ,ragne tic
fbrce
S
illce
t'lcctric
F,
ctl u ent cons ists of a collection of charged part
ic les in nrotion. u.6en piacccl rna
rura.qrrctic fickl. a crur_crrl_car.n_ing l irc u
ill also erpcr.ience a nra_9nc.tic tbrce.
cousitlcr a long str-a ight rr ire sLrspended in tirc regio.
betwceu the t\\,o nlag,ctic polcs. fhe ,ragnctic
field points otrt the page and is represented rvith"dots
(.). It can be readily denronstratcd that \\,hen
a
cio* llrt at rl crtrrclt t passcs llttotrult. Ihc * i.c
is tjeflectcrl to the lcfi- HLrr'c.r,e.r. rr
irr-.n ltr" ..,,n a,]r r: rl)\\ ilr-.,1.
tlr.' rI. ll... trlrr r, r illttrr lrLl. ;rs slr()\\ n
it) I t.-ure.
L

EEE
\
ll

lr
I

I;EER
@ Blr{sl L CLASSES

,POO.'A

TOWEs

3, GOPAL P un A

BY P ASS, JAIPIJf,.3O2()

ffi

I {RAJ.) t'i0l A. TEL {0

1 )s

81

6 65'l

Page # 15

II'AGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

Case-2:

.1,Magn etic Force on aclosed loop in uniform ma netic field


B

- .- --+

/
'--- -"--*-rll\ .--..--_J
Figure : A closed loop carrying

/in a uniform mapetic field.

a current

Since the set ofdilferential length elements 6s- form

0. the net magnetic force on a closed loop is


{aS =

wo

oro e

closed polygon, and their vector sum is zero, i.e.

f, =[.

tres

We have already seelt}ta! q cuqg&gqlryrng

wlre

sa

magnetic field. In addition, when placed in a magnetic field, a


wire carrying a current will experience a net force. Thus, we
expect two current-carrying wires to exert force oneach other.
Consider two parallel wires separated by a distance a and

l,'.#,

carrying currents lrland 1r2 in the +r-direction, as shown in


Figue.
The magnetic force, 1,, , exerted on rvire

l by wile

2 may be computed as

follows: Using the result frorn

lhe previous example, themagnetic field linesdueto

with wire 2, with the fietd


we have

[,

pointing

fgoing in tfie+xdirectisnarecireleseoneentr.ic
in the tangentialdirection. Thus, at an arbitrary pointp on wire l,

E, = -(For, /2m)j , which poinrs in the direction perpendicular

to wire

l,

as depicted

in

Figure. Therefore,

lil.

F,, = I,7, B, --

;
clearly

trit"( -!d4l - - Pnt,t,z *


2fta
\ tTa )

[,

points toward wire 2. The conclusion we can draw from


this simple calculation is tlrat nvo
parallel wires carrying currents in the
same direction will attract each other. On the other hand,
if the
currents flow in opposite directions. the
resultar.rt force will be repulsive.

Definition

of

ompere

consider h'o pa.a,er u'ires separarcd


lry r,r and ca,yi,g a cure.t vr
of tA
r^r(r\rr'
each. Then
Irr(rrrli,
d = rrn, so rrtat rrorn equation

i. = rA

arrd

dF

--\rrr
=.
.V 1'I0

Th is is used lo tb.rlalll
deii nc tit.' urr it 'anrperc' .f elecr'ic cu,ert.
par.allel. loug *,ires.
apartin vacttttt.t.t' cari-\'cqtlail
ctfr.errrs in thc saDrc clir.'.riun n,r.l ttl"ra
is a fbrce of alrr.actiorr of 2
l1c\\'kl, per r)rctre

rh'o

ki,t I nr
x l0 /

oleach * irc. tire eLrrre,t ,n aral, n,,r.ir


ruiJto be i anrpe.e.

BANSAL CLASSES

,POOJA

TOWEB

3, GOPA L P UHA BY PASS,

JAtPUff.3020l8 (FAJ.) INDIA. TEL, (0


4 )5

5,

55'

Page # 17

_ _

AGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

[r:4-41),{oi)=raB[

q=l1r),1nil=-ranf
with E pointing out ofthe page and fn into

q",

=i*pr+F,+fo

the page. Thus, the net force on the_rectangular loop is

=O

as expected. Even though the net force on the loop vanishes, the

forces E
r. will produce a torque
which causes the loop to rotate about they-axis (Figure). The torque
with respect to the center ofthe
loop is

-=[

b:

--l

t
I

),.

laabB

.(i'),(r,ar.(e

r),(-

-a

r.*))

IabB

l?,1
\zL
whereA = ab represqnb the areaoftrreJoop andrhe positive sign indieates
that the rotation is clockrvise
about they-axis. It is convenient to introduce the area vector
= 46 where is a unit vector in the
direction normal to tre plane ofthe lmp. The direction ofthe positive
sense of 6 is set by the conventional
righrhand rule. In our case, we have
a = +f . The above expression for torque ca1 then be rewritten as

IA xB

Notice that the magnitude of the torque is at a maximum when g is paralrer


to the plane of the roop (or
perpendicular to).
Consider now the more general situation whe re the loop (or the area vector
respect to the magnetic field.

) makes an angle 0

F.

/
')
0
b/2

lr

Figrrre : Rotation ol.a rcclangular cun_enl. Ioop


_
Floru Figure, the lever anns and can be expr.essed
asl

-I-.:-lb/

sin

0i + cos (lk

-f!

anil lltc trcl lol-qUL'bccontcs

= rr,

F=,

ir - 2i: ,. i,, =:

!(-.i,,el*.urO[!(foei)

jlabBsinej=IAxB
Fora Ioop consisting ofArturns. the
rnagnitucie ofthe toque
t = NIAB sin 6
EANSAL CLASSES

.POOJA

ts

TOWER'3, GOPAL PUSA 8Y


PASS, JAtpuR-3020t8 (RAJ.)
tNDlA. TEL. (0141)s1t8,15 -

6, 6s

722

Page

19

with

AGNETTC EfFE CT

Hence, the current is proportional to the

ddEitiim.

The consant

constant.
We define the

current sensitivi[, ofthe galvanometer

as the

cr.urent sensitivity is.

,r

4g!

Of

CURRENT

is called the galvanometer

deflection perunit current. Frotn Eq.


this

0_NAB

IK

A convenient way for the manufach'er to increase the sensitivity


is to increase the number of h,os
N.
We choose galvanometers having sensitivities ofvalue,
reqJJ by ow experiment.
we define the vortage sensitivity as ttre deflection per
unit volt ofapplied potential difference

_rNAB) r rNAB.\
-l
r
k lV={. n .i*

nrrinrerstr'Rg paint note ls ifiat increasing the


curr*t ."osltirrl ty may not necessarily increase
the
voltage sensitivity. IfN -+ 2N, i.e., we double
the nuqbrroftums, tlrcn
0 --> 0
2

II

Thus' the current sersitivitydoubles. Howeve4


the resisance ofthe galvanometer
is also likely to doublg
since it is proportional to the length or*re wire.
tn eq. N

-iri^a

1-1
VV

zR, thus the vortagcsensitivity,

TEL. (0 4
)5

,6

remains unchanged.

rl

t 'POOJA TOWEB;

3,

OPIL

P UR A BY P A s,
JAIPUR -3,201 8 R AJ,)

hro A.

6, 651

P age #

2l

XAGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

"!$*-

Six wires of current I, = lA, Ir= 2A,lr:3A, Io = IA, I. : 5A and -i


Ie =4.A cut the page perpendicularly at the points 1,2,3:4, 5and6
respectively as shown in ttre figure. Find the value ofthe

around the closed Path.

I2

@s

@e

-1.
R

Electric charge q is unifomlly distributed over-arod. ofJength /.Jtre+od is plaeed parallettoa long-wire
carrying a cuserlrjjheseparation be+weee*re rod and rhcrvir cisa.FindiheforcerrcdJromorrerhe
rod along is length with a uniform velocity v.

Q.13

An electon moving with a velocity 5 x 106 ms-r in the uniform electric fieldof5 x l07vm-r j.Find
the magnitude and direction ofa minimun rrniform m?sretic field in tesla that will
cause the elebtron to
move undeviated along its original patll

Q:.l4

A charg. edpitl,$: Chp.


velocity vo ar origin in +x direction. In space there is a uniform
"q,fassm)has
magnetlc tleld u rn - z dtrection.
Find the y coordinate ofparticle whep is crossei v axis.

ar5

A proton beam passcs rvithout deviation through a region of'space rvhere


there are uniform transverse
mutually perpendicular electric and magneti c field rvith E aud B.
Then the beam strikes a grounded
tatget._F_ind tle force imparted by the beam o n the target if the-beamcurrent
is equal to*

Q.

\, ,

,n.

8.O

{nai

A cylindrical condrctor ofradius R carries a currentalong its length.


The current density J, howeveq it is not uniform over the cioss sectiol
ofthe conductor but is a function ofthe radius according to J = br,
where b is a constant. Find an expression for the magnetic field B.
(a) at r, <R
(b) at distance r, > R, mesured Aom the axis

l1

tH:'

irtegzl

l6

n,

An electron gun G emits electron of energy 2kev travelinu


in tite (+)ve
xdirection. The electron a.e require_-i to h it the spor S rvhere
GS :0.1m & the line GS makes an angle of 60. wiih
rhe x_axis,
as.dtown in the fig. A unifbrm magnetic field
E parallel to GS exists
irrthe region outside to electron gun. Fin<i the-minimurn
value of B
needed to make the electron hit S .

60'

BANSAL ctASSES

.POOJA
TOWER

3, GOPAL PUBA BY
PASS, JAtPUR.302o 8 (BAJ.)
INDIA, TEL. (0 4
)51

t8

6, 55

722

Page # 23

AGNETIC EFFECT OF CURREN

A wire looflihkying iurrent I is placed in tre X-Yplane as shown


"'
in ttre figurd"
If a particle with charge +Q and mass m is placed at the centre p
and given a velociry along NP (fig). Find its instantaneous acceleration
@) If an extemal uniform magnetic induction field E : B
find the torque acting on the loop due to the field.

.23

_Y

is applierl,'

A U-shaped wire of mass m and length / is immersed with its two ends
in mercury (see figure). The wire is in a homogeneors field ofmagnetic
inducrion

B.Ifa

charge, that is, a current pulse

q=

Jiat,

ir."rtO-ugh

will jurrp up.


Calculate, the height h that the wirereechesiltrtsize of rh e e!4gC-.&-!rE9"[!ul!
the time of the current pulse is very small in comparision with the time of fligllt.
Ma ke
the wire, the wire

ft fiwhichqualsnrv.
-thatimpntseofSreequaq
I =,20cm & h=3meters.[g= l0 m/s2]

use of the

,D:

fact
8m,

An infinitely long straight wire carries a conventionar current I as shown in the


figure. The recanguiar loop carries a conventional curent I' inthe crockwise
direction. Find the net force on the rectangular loop.
t

Q.?5 infinitely long thin wirJs each carryi,g current i in the same direcrion , are in the x-y plane of
a gravity free spa ce . The central wire is along the y_axis
whi le the other two are al ong .x : *d.
---- find.the locus of the points for which the magndtic
field B is zero
(r) Ifthe central wire is displaced.along the z-direction by a small
amount & released, show that it will
execute simple hannonic motioll . Ifthe lineardensity
oftlre wires is l" , find the frequenci, of oscillation.
\L t')
Q'J6 Q^charge is uuiformly distributed over
3

'::

the same surface ofa rigrrt circular cone


ofsemi-veftical angte 0 and heighth. The cone
is uniformlyrotated about is axis
at angular velocity co. Calculated
associated magnetic dipole moment.

Q'27

peRS

A rectangurar

roop
made from a uniform rvire has rength a, width
b and ntass nt. It is fi.ee ro lotate
about the arm pe, whichremains hinged

along a horizontal line taken


as tlie y_axis lsee figirre). Takc the
verricallv

upl'ard clirecrion

rrs rhe

z_axis. A uniforrn rnagnctic

licltl

[ = 13iaa[)

g,,

region. The loop is held in rhe x_y plane


and a cunelr I is
it. The toop is now rereased and
is found ro stay iu rrre
rr',r r/i)r)r'r|
|osrlrorr irr l. 1triIilrr.irrrrr.
\\ ltrtt is rhe tlirceli,,rr rrl
tlc errrr.cltt L, l,(.).,
Fintl the rr:asnctic lorcc ()t)
thc arrrr I{S.
Ftnd rhe c.\l)tL'ssiol
ibr I irr tenrrs ol IJ,,. rr. [, lrr<l rn.

::1:,:11,t,.

PQ

llii.l3.ll:Tl

(at
(b)
(c)

r'

'l--

Ii

F;',,
.ocASSs

.POO,,A
TOWE R

3,

G@A L PUBA B

PA

s J A |PUA-3020

I (RAJ

Ir,lDtA. IEL.
{0 4

6,

5t 722

Pagc # 25

]IIAGNTIC EFFBCT OF CURREN T

The dimension of

Q,6

wnere

is permeabilrty

U
,E
(A) Resistance (/lndtrctance

&

(C)

permittivity

is sanre as

Capacitance

(D) None ofthese

A current I flows around

a closed path in the horizontal piane ofttre circle


as
shown in the figure. The patlr consists ofeight arcs with uft ,.,utirrg
, roJZ..
Each segment of arc zubtends equal angle at the common cente p. "uaii
The magnetic
field produced by current path at point p is

Q.7

(A)

u"I

perpendicular to the plane ofthe paper anddirected inward.

perpendicular to the plar.e ofthe paper and directed oufward.

3 u^I

tA)

(c)

,1

tT

i 9_rtry_=ga,l,.p
I

Q.8

it-._

puleeltt e plp" t and-direcled

i4ward.

u^I

-]g.

ne+enaiculags thedane+fihepaper and directed outward

Infinitenumberofstraightwireseachcarryingcunentlareequally
placed as shown in the figure. Adjacent wires have
current in
opposite direction. Net magnetic field at point p is

!\r

-+
a

ItnI ln2

(A);; t; ri
vJa

(B)

-cc:##(-ir-Qe

e is

##rt

co

10.

i0.

(D)Zero

Two mumally perpendicular conductors carrying


currents Il and I. lic. in on e plane Locus ofthe pointat
which the nragnetic induction is zero, rs a
(A) circle with centre as the point of intersection
of the conductor.
( E', ) paraDora wrth venex
as the point ofintersection of the conductors

(c) straight line passing tt,ough the point


ofintersecrion ot:,i"
(D) rectangu lar hyperbola
"onar.,o*
Q.

Q.II

A non-planar loop ofconrJucting wire canying


a current I is placed as shown
in the fi-qu'e Each ofthe strzighr sections
orure to"op is or1.rEr, zu. rrr" ,rragreric
field duc to this Ioop at the poirrt p (a.0.
a) dr;.;,; rhe direcrion
I

(A)

-,) (- i r

(Cr

--

k)

fsl ,J;t-i"

(i +.i + k)

rl-,-

t,
v

ir

(D)

2a

l(i+k)

-tl lt'lt I i:llrruirrg irlltlee iltjrir.,lr t,,,,., , i,... ..r ..


:rt ;r p,rirrr t0.0.-a)rrould,:rr:lirlitihh'rlli\ile\ill('llL'll)()\ltl\.'\-)illl(lzdirtcliorrs.Thenrrilrrctic

i-rlLl.rl

ficltl

(A)

Il..t

^'r (J-i)
zna

8r NSAL cta SS ES

tt,,r(i(B)^.
+i)
zfia

"POOJ A IOWE R
3, G OPAL P UR A

rq

P ASS, JAIPUR.3O2()

*{rizfia
I

A AJJ lfl

jr

o A.

IEL, (0 t4 )s1

(D)

Li,.I
j+kt
;g-(i+
tfia
.

6, 6 51 722

Page # 27

,IAGNETrc EFFECT OF CURRNT

.tri);: Q.l8

An ionized gascontains both positive and negative ions. Ifit


issribjected simultaneous ly to an electric
field along the +x direction and a magnetic field along the +z
directioh, then
(A) positive ions deflect towards +y direction and
neladve ions towards
-y direction
(B) all ions deflect towards +y
(C) all ions deflect towards
-ydirection
(D) positive i,ntdeflect towards
-y direction and negative iom towards +y direction.

direction. ,

Q.le

An electron is movingalong positivex-axis. A uniform


electric field exists towards negativey-axis.
wbat
should be the direction of magnetic field ofsuitable
magnit a. .o trr"t n"t rorce ofelectron is zero
(A) positive z(B) negative
(C) pos-iti"e

axis

Q.20

2Bo
(Brr=;;"

2mvo

qE

ratio

ri

,^, B,d
(A)?

*g;l;;:;J

,[

eq

(D)t=

ra
qE

/r,

rrd;;"rjrj.'Ifr, ffi;t;j d',ilii,1,""o*


jri.gr"i. n"u
Jrcu*aturelus,
"n"..""irg

is equal to

^B
,aii

(c)+
Ev^

Q22- -Aunifonirmagn-ericGld B = B;j

(A)

+!9
om

1ai

ro)+

Apafiicle of rnass m and charge q is prgected


a point (d, 0, 0). The maximum value
v Ibr wt ich the

tn a space.

towards negative x-axis with speed v"_iG


from the
partrcle docs not hir y-z plane is

logl

(c)

l'11

Bo9

(D)

2dn

+eq
lrn

Two protons move para,er to each


other, keeping distance rbetween
them, both movin-q with same
velocit-v
T.en the ratio ofthe erectric and magnetic
r.-.'--'force ofinteraction behveen them

Q.23

y
(A) c2 lv)
Q

1o,

An electron is projected with velocity vo in a unifo-rm


elecric field E perpendicular to tlre field. Again it is
projetced wirh velocjv v,
nerne.n$r.curir to a uuiform
-;ust afler entering in rhe ehcric fierd and r, is initial radius
then the

--

y_a*i,

A particle of ch argeq and mass m starts moving frcim


theorigl'n under lhe action of an etecrrir Jierd
-s--qi-"laE, =3ui withreloeig+u- v;=+hespeed oftlreparticlewill become llt atter a tlme

Q.2l

z_axis

(U

?c2/v2

is

(e c2/zv1

(D)Nonc

2+
Il-:;.'..i:},.Tr;,i}r:lj,:,;jfi:ffi.ineliirtctietnergvpasstr,ou,qha.egio.i,*,r,rchrhert is,r.,i1,rrn
(A)H rvi'bereastdefrecred. -',""'ietH"-?rrdo,2u.i,bedeflectecrequarl'.
(C)o r u ilthc (lcflccrcd nrosr
iIi"iil,,,n.n.,lcr.rr..lrr;rrirllr.

-i

r\ n clcclrot': ltlrr irlg kirtctic


ertct-g1 T is rttor irrg
nli1LIrlL{ic

illclLlcti.rr

3R
',.t)

BAI{SA L cr-ass ES

rsr/;

POOJA

TOWEF

a circLrrar or-trit o1'r'rrrrrLrs

Ir per,cncricLrlar.
Il kirretic crrcr-cy is dorblcd
and nra-s,etic irducti.rr
tr.iple.. tlre r.aairrs

/r

i,

3, G OPAL PURA

8Y

(o

P ASS, JAIPU R.3020

t-

/; *
I (BAJ.

$iDra. TEL {0

,o,

)s

E1

/i
6, 65

t. a ., ilirr-rrr
* ill bcc.rnc

Page #

2i
,

]f,AGNETIC EFECT OF CURRENT

33

.'

AchargeAparticle is released from rest in a regionof uniforrn electric and magnetie helds, which are
parallel to each other. The locus ofthe particle will be
\
.iA; heli* of"on tant
@) straight
(D) cycloid
(C) helix

pitch
ofvaryingpitch

line

For a positively charged particle moving in a x - y plane initially along the x-axis, there is a sudden
change in its path due to the presence ofelectric and./or magnetic fields beyond P. The cuwed path is
shown in the x - y plane and is found to be non-circular.

Q.34

o
Which one of the following combirrations is possible

(d9 E=0;B=bj+ck

(c)

/_
(p) e=ai;A=ck+ai

E=o;E=,.j*t[

(o)E=ui;E=cft+tj

particle ofspecific charge (q/m) is projected from the origin ofcoordinates w'ith initial velocity
[rii.- vj]. Uniform electric magnetic fields exist in the region along the +y direction, of magnihrde E and B.
TEparticlewilldefuitely rctum to the origin once if
(B){u2+v2)r2 [B/nE] isaninteger
(C) [vB/rE] in an
(D) [uB/lrE] is an integer

Q35

A.

(N)tlvBl2rElisaninteger
integer

An elecnon moving with


If the electron

is

velocity V, =

moving with

vcloc rty

Zi

rry.

ut u point ina magnetic 6eld experiences a

t., -= 2j

rrVs at the same point, it experiences a

The force the electronrvould expelience if it were movingwith a velociV

,r
($/zero
Q.37

(81

2kN

(C) -

i;

2kN

Zt n/s

force

4 = +jN.

force F,

+Z i N

at the same point is

@) information is insufficient

Two particles ofcharges +Q and -Q are projected from the same point with a velocity v in a region of
uniform magnetic field B such that the velocity vector makes an angle 0 with the magnetic field. Tlieir
rnasses are M and 2M. rcspcctir,elr,. Then, they rvill meet again for the first time at a poillt \\,hose
distartce fi r.lnr lltc prrirrt,rl pr',rjelli,.'rr is

(A) 2rN4r,cosO/Qts (tl) lirlvlvcos0/QB (C') ;rMr cosO/ets (D) 4nMvcosO/ets


Q.38.zAparticleu,ithcharge-QanrlrurssmentersarnagneticfieldofntagnitudeB,
cr t sl irts on lv to llrc rillrr ,r i'tlt.: bLrrrndurr YZ. Thc d itc.li(t1t o f tltc ntotion of tlrr-'
particleisperpcndiculaltothccLrectionofB.

LetT-I2r

u
(l

I1'l

OO

TIte linrc spent

by the particlc in the tielcl u.ill bc

(A)

s *q$sAL

re

CLASSES

(B) 2T0

.POOJA

TOWER" 3, GOPAL PUFA

t/

-(n+20\
(c)'r I ^
\

l7T

PASS, JAIPUR.3()2O1 F (RAJ.) INgA. TEL, (01 4


)s

(D)r

81 5

x-20
2n

6, 65 1722

Pagc # 3l

TIAGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRNT

A square loopABCD, carrying a cunent i, is placedm-andcoplsaar with a lnng ctrqight condwtor


XY carrying a current I, the net force on the loop will be

(')#

.'2poli
(Ar
3^

Q?#

@*
L

tn
A circuldr coil carrying cunent I is placed in a region of uniform magnetic field acting
on
perpend icular to a coil as shown in the figure. Mark c
(A) coil expands
@) coil contracts
(C) coil moves left

,.

@) coilmoves right

.47 -A metalring of radius r -0.5 m with its plane normal toa uniform magnetic field B of induction
cauTles a curre-ntl

(A) r00

Q.48

f00 A. Th.e rension in-newtom deveFoped-in then=ngis:


(B) 50
(c)2s
(D)

t0

_J

In given figure, X and Y are two long staight parallel conducton each carrying
a current of 24. The force on each conductor is F newtons. When the cunent
in each is changed to I A and reversed in direction, the force on each is now
(A) F/4 and unchanged in
(B) F/2 and reversed in direction
(C)F 12 and unchanged in
@) F/4 and reversed in direction
A conducting ring of mass 2 kg and radius 0.5 m is placed on a smooth horizontal
plane. The ling carries a current i = 4,A'. Ahorizontal magnetic field B l0T is
switched on at time t: 0 as shown in figure. The initial angular acceleration of

x
2A
2A
Y

will be

the ring

(A) 40 niad/f,
(C) 5 a radls2.

'---t

i-.-

--

---(8120

(D)

15

I radArr

radls2

g50 n.

In the figure shown a coil ofsingle nrm is wound on a sphere ofradius R and mass
The plane ofthe corl is parallel to the plane and lies in the equatorial plane of
the sphet e. Current in rhe coil is i. The value of B if the sphere is in equilibrium is

(A)

Q5t

rns cos 6
..-n,R-

q\r

52

(c)

-;nurs tan 0

(D)

The uagnetic motttent ola circular orbit of radius 'r'canying a charge 'q'
given b1,
LI\l
rlj) rr

(r\) ..'.
Q

lns
B)'zriR
---=
'

-... r-i---

dirqction
dirddtion

Q.4e

0.2

((')tlr;rr

ar.rd

rns sin 0

-;iR-

i'L.:nl

rotating r.vith velocirr,.

(ljlq\;Tr

r. is

'

A thin non conducting disc of radius R is rotating clockwise (see figure) u,ith an anuular velocity ct about
ils cclrrlrlrr..i:. ri,hiclt rs per;tentlierrlur to irs pllinc. Bttlh irs sLr tlitces cltllr r e, cltarucs
ofunrtbrlt srrr lirct
dcnsitr: llalfthc dise is il u r.rsion ol'a trnitbnn. uniclircctiona l uusnctic ficklll parallcl
ltt thc 1;lant- of ri
d rsc. as slrou,n. Then.

(,{) The

net torcluc on tlrc iJisc is zcr.o.

(B) The nct torque vcctor.on rlie disc is directed leftwards.


(C) The ner torquc vector on the clisc is directed rightrvards.
(D) The net torque vector on rhe clisc is paralle I to-B.

cr-AssEs

,POOJA

T ow E R 3, GOP AL PURA

P A s s JAI PU R-3020

I (RAJ.

NOIA. TET (0 1 )s

I]

6, 65

722

Page # 33

AGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

e.59

Two short magrresofmagrretic moment 2Am2 and 5Am2 are placed alongtwo lines drawn atright angle
to each other on the sheet of paper as shown in the figure. What is the magnetic field at the point of

intersection of their axis

:N

(D

r-n

=0.3m
rr=0 4 m

(A)2.15 x
Q

60

l0-5T

(B)215 x

The magnetic field lines due to

l0rT

Q.61

Q.62

-(Di

It

At a place the value of B, and Bu are0.4x l0{Tand0.3 x


mapetic field is :
(C) 2 x l0r
(B) l0-4
(A) 0.5 x l0{

(c)
s

(D)21.5 x l0-sT

bar magnet are correctly sholvn in


N

l0-3T

(C)2.15 x

l0{

T respectively. The resultant earth's

(D) None ofthese

The total intensity ofthe earth's magnetic fietd at the magnetic equator is 5 units. What

ii

its value at a

magnetic latitude of37 degree?

(A)

Q.63

fi3 units

(B) JSZ

units

(C)4units

(D) 3 units

A steel wire of length L has a rragnetic moment M. It is then bent into a semi-circular arc, the new
magnetic moment will be:

(A)
Q.64

(B)

2M/tr

(C)

M/L

(D) M x L

Two bar magnets of the same mass, same lengthand breadth but having magnetic motnents M and 2M

arejoined together pole for pole and suspended by a string. The time period ofassembly in

magnetic

Ifnow the polarity ofone o lthe uragnets is revemed and the combination
is again madc to oscillate in tirc'same flold. the tinrc ol-osciliations is:

field ofstrength H
I

tA)

is 3 seconds.

^,[sec

(B)j./J

scc

r()lsec

(D)(rsec

the polcs oI'a sttong maqnct ti illt thc urcniscus in linc u ith tire fleld. then rhe lcr.cl

(A)

tuse

(C)Oscillate

8AflS AL cLASS s

ofthe solLrtitu

rr itlr:

(u) F all

slorr.lv

,PO

OJ A TOtt/E R

(D) Rcrnain urrchungt.tl

3 GOP AL PU RA B

PAS s

AIPU B. 30201 8

(8 AJ.

NO IA TEL. (0

)s

6, 65

722

Page #

.15

AGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

Paragraph for question nos.7lto72


A uniform ring ofmass m and radius R carrying current

Io is

lying in tlrc x-y plane in vaccum in gra.vity fiee

Auniform extemal magreticfield of stengtr B = eo{zi - zj * si)is switched on


at t = 0 (here B0: constantf: Ifthe ring can freely rotate.
space with centre at origin.

Q.7l

Initial angular acceleration ofring

(A)

(c)

4J-2roBon

(B)

l0.,f2IoBozr

Io

2J-2roBon

(D) None of these

Q-7?- ahe hagneticforcgnclingofoop


(A) 0

(B) IonRBo

-rcfr{5+flR3 0

(D) hioneofthese-

IREASONING TYPEI
Q.73

Statement-l

It

notpossible for a charged particle to move in a circular path around a long straight
uncharged corductor carrying currentrmder the influence of its magnetic field alone.
The rnagnetic force (ifnorzero) on a moving charged particle is normal to its velocity.
is

Statement-2 :
(A) Statement- 1 is true, statement-2 is true and statement-2 is corect explanation for statement- l .
@) Statemenr I is true, statement-2 is true and statement-2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement-l.
-(C) State ment-l is true, statement-2 is false(D) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true.

Q74

Statement-1

For a clrarged particle to pass through a uniform electro-magnetic field without chan-sc
in velocity, its velociqrvector must be perpendicular to the magnetic field

Staternent-2

Net Lorentz force on the particle is given by

= q1E + V x S]
(A) Statement- I is true, statement-2 is true and.statement-2 is correct explanation for statement-l .
@) Statement- I is hue, statement-2 is hue and statement-2 is NOT the conect explanation for strtement(C) Statement- l is true, statement-2 is false.
(D) Statenrent- I is false, statemenr2 is true.

() 7i

Statcrrtcnt-l: Atryerc lau,can beusedtotind


Statement-2

nragnctic lielcl duetollnite lcngth of a strarght cru'rcnt

can.ring lvire.
The magnetic ficld due to finite lcngth of a straight current canying wire is symurcrric
al)oul the u ire.

(.'\)SlilLclllclll-|isttLtc-statcrltcnl-listr-trcaldsurlen'r!'nl-liscolr-ccterltlurultiotllorslatcrneltl-L
(lJ)Stxtcllrcttl-listruc.sllltcll.tcnl-2istnrcandslaLcnrcnt-2isNOTtlrect-rrrcclerltlanationfbrstatc.mcnt-1.

(( ) Statertrclrt- I is lnre. staternent-2 is fzrls":.


(D)Statcnrc.rrt I is filse. statcnent-l is tr.Lra.

SAI{SAL CLASSES

I.

"POA'A IOWE8'3, cOpAL

PURA

8y

PASS, JApUB-3O2()|8 (RAJ.) tNDtA. IEL. (0r4,)5r

rE 5 -6,

6511722

Page # 37

AGNETIC EFFECT OF CURRENT

IMULTIPLE GORRECT CEIOICE TYPE]


Q80

P anclQgYrlnt entrs and leaves from


In the following hexagons, made up of two difhrent matiirial
points X and yiespectively. In which case.tre maguetic field at its centre ls not zero.

(A)
x

e.gl

(B)

(D)

(c)
a

Considerthreequantitiesx=E/B,y=V/i/tro", unar=;f,.U"re,/isthelengthofawire,Cisa
capacitaflce and R is a resistance. All othur symbols have standatd meanings'

(i)

dimensions
*-" dimensions

x, y have the same

icj ,, i t "u" tt "


Q.82'

(B) y, z have the same dimensions


(D) none of the three pairs have the same dimensions.

Two longthin, parallel conductors carryingequal cunents

infte

ttrough y = --6. 16" resultant magnetic field


-a
due to the two conductors at any point is B. Which of the
following are correct?
(A) B :0 for all points on the x-axis
(B) At all points on the y-axis, excluding ttre origin; B has only a z-component
(C)At all poins on the z-axis, excluding the origin, B has only a y-conrponent'
y

a and the other

(D) B cannot have an x-comPonent.

e.83

84

A lo[g straight wire canies a currellt along the x-axis. Consider the points A(0, 1,0), B(0, 1, l),
C(1,0, l) and D(1, l, l). Which of the follor.ving pairs of points r'.,ill havc magnetic fields of the sdne

(A)AandB
8-5

at the centre

(D)

(c)

(B)

magniurde?

'

Crurent flows tlrough unifonn, square frames as showrr. Lr which case is the rnagnetic field
of the fi:ameriot 2efo?-

(A)
Q

(B)Aand

(C) B and

(D) B and D

In the prer ious question. ifthe crulent is I and the magnctic fiekl at D has nragiriftrde B.

.. ttoi
rArll--;
ttt1t
(C) B is parallel to tlre

(B)B -/.,l
-!Jx
H

x-axis

(D) B makes

an angle of 45o

rvith the xy plane

BANSAL CLASSES:"PoOJA TOWER" 3, GOPAL PUBA BY PASS, JATPUF-3020r8 (RAJ.)tNDtA. IEL.

(Ol4t)j

8115 -

6.

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Pagc # 39