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You are on page 1of 20

S.No

Pages

1.

Theory

2.

Exercise

-1

22-26

3.

Exercise -2

26-40

Exereise - 3{Section A)

41

Exercise-3(SectionB)

49-55

Exercise - 4

56-58

Answer key

59

02-21

tr,l

MAGNETIC EFFECT

OF CURRENT

-49

- 61

Low

Biot-Savort

,-

current

of the wire

6!

the

(Figure).

,ttt O

."1<= r-,.'-a

I

Figure : Magnetic field dB at pointP due to

These s ggmgnts 911 b_e thought ofas a vector quantity having a magnihrde ofthe length ofqhe segrpeni

and pointing in the direction ofthe cunent flow. The infinitesimal current source can then be written as

rds

Let rdenote as the distance form the current source to ttre field pointPand

vector. The B iot-Savart law gives an expression for the

the conesponding

unit

the cunent

source, Ids,

6[ where po is a constant

ca

tto IdS-x

4n r'

I

-Addingup'thesflconhibutions to find the magnetic field at the point P requires integrating over the

F6 = 4n

cunent source,

= )fas =

flri

t'or

4nJ

12

magnetic field at point p due to the segm ent shown in

figure.

as

i,+

:',

/ _-...._-__r, ,,t

Figure

m

tr]]

t_:

i. I

SANSAL CLASSES

1i

.POOJA

9. I -3

Y*

1.

TEL. (0 4 )s ,8

6,

65

722

l'age # 3

In fact, ft dircction ofthe magretic field due to a long straight wire cau be deErmined by the right-hand

rule (Figure). Ifyou direct your right thumb along tre direction of *recurrent in *re wire, ttren the fmgers

ofyour right hand curl in the direction ofthe magnetic field.

dt

ad0

-a

th I(ado):in9oo thl ae

6= 4tt

=

a'

4na

s= Jfae=-&!

4ta

,p,

0

B=lol- (p)

4rR

,tAcanetic Field

dueio c'Circular-6rrrenf

ot a point on its

Loop

axis

Considera circular loop ofradius a carrying a current i We have to find the magnetic field at a point

P on the axis ofthe loop at a distance d from its centre O. In figure

rdl

dB,

dE

I

I

I

P

dB,

a,l.

magnet ic field at a poht on the axis ofa circular current

loop a distance x from its center. we firct

consrder the currentelement at the top of the loop. Here,

as

everywhere arou nd the Ioop,167 is tanqenr

k) rhe looir and perpendicular to

the

p.i,t

vector

fiom the

shorr,, irr

aucl also pct.l.rc.ncl ic u la r. to r The nta-qnitude

16

of

rs

6[

ld / sin 90

dB _ [,

4 ,-. r'

at otrud

ltll the

orrly trre cornporrerrs (lB\ lhat irre p;rirllcl t()

tlte axis. \\/e thrrs crrrrputc

i\rrl1 ll:e r eolrrporrcrrl of tlrr, lield.

cLrt t-enl

rr)zcro. lcr'ing

t-orn

s- -- f.insine= flrire4d/=

J

J

trr'

BAt{sAL CLASSES

A L PUFA B

R,r.o\ tr"l(2rR')

sirr6 fd1 -= f,,l

-rr,,n,

-l*r'""'"J",

]rf

-;

IN0llA.

IEL. (0 I

)s

6, 55

l'age # 5

Net magretic induction

a= [aa=

oooo

poniR2 dx

! na;;f,

oo

R

.-!-..-.-.

:+:ao

^ llonl

2

g= bY lcssa+

2-

Ampere's Law

,/n'

li

.,ln'

=ff[cosl, +cosZr)

$

eeeeeeeeeee

cosPl

{E'al

closd cuwe provided the electic field inside the loop remains constant

_-_{h$

a{B'di = Foi'

Olr

il

@i,

@',

@i,

oir

In figure, the positive side is going into the plane ofthe diagram so that i, and i, are positive and i., is

negative. Thus, the total,current crossing the area is ir + iz -i: . Any current outside the area is not

'inel[ale-alinWiftingficnghFliemlSftle-oTqrial0r.-Thefrag;rieticfieldB

onrheleft-handsideisrhe

field

Ittognetic

due

CaseI:7;,p

A={n ar=B{dt=B(znr)

I _-L__

Ir",--+r

:

B(2ttr) = p,,l

D =-

L.: r

11,,1

1rt|

CascII:rqp

+,c

I,.,,

'40

=u

B(2nr') = u,,(0

=.8=0

trl

1rF:

F,

'PO(UA TOWEF"

INDIA.

6.

551 722

Page # 7

(b) Ifr

I

^.4

= tKrz2tdr

iq

.,

r.Ka'

2

Pi|(H

= ^o=__*

to

long Solenoid

A solenoid is a long coil ofwire tightly wound in the helical form. Figure shows the

magnetic field lines

a solenoid carrying a steady currentl we see that ifthe tums are

closely spaced, the

isulting

of

magnetic

field inside the solenoid becomes fairly uniform, provided that ttre lengti oittre

solenoid is -uch [=ate,

tban its diarneter. For an "ideal" solenoid, which is infinitely long withLms

tightlypacked, the magnetic

field inside the solenoid is uniform and parallel to the axis, and vanishes ouslde

tie solenoid.

"

-,..-

::

.j-?r'--'!z-

...

-.: i\.\..

'

!t

Figure : Magnetic field lines ofa solenoid

I'

l.

strength inside an ideal solenoid. The crosssectional view ofan ideal solenoid is shown in Figure. To compute

E , we considera rectangularpath of

length / and width w and h:averse the path in a counterclockrvise

manner. The line integral of g alo,g

loop

is

ttris

I'

0+0

+ Bl, +

ds

,;,,::i

:iL-'^=

-arB

field ofan

itlu,al solenoicl.

arong sidcs 2 arrtr :[ ar-c zero becarrsc[ is pcr-pcndicLrlar.to di. I,

lrdclition.

[ -- [) akrng srdc I lrccause rltc nraencli,: ljcltl is nttrr-zr16 o1l_r irrsitlc. t6e

s.lc,.id. (J, thc

othcr hand. the tota I cul.erlr

enclosed [r1,.1hc ,{ utpcrian loop is

1,.,,. = n/[, u.hcr_e l is the totai

tttns per unit length.

numtrcr of

Applyin-u A rnpet.e,s larr vieltls

VB . ds = B, =

SAT,ISAL CLA

SSES l

.POOJA

pronll

aY PASS,

I3

JATPUR-3020

= punl

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6,

6511722

Page # 9

l$qtnette Field

_

rJ--- Fo

-ilir

"

qvxr

4n r'

- r.-

Consider a particle ofcharge q and moving at a velocity 7

field

.

i'.- f.'

It

the

magretic force

F"-qnx3

The above expression can be taken as the working definition

ofthe magnetic field at

The magritude

of Fe

is glven

point i. space.

by

tflBtls'l:'(;i:s"

Nelv;ton

N

N

-.. ------_I_

IIesla-lT:I.-^(Loulombxmeter/ sec ond) -, C._/. - ,

Am

Another commonly used non-Sl unit lor

I is the gaass (G), wher.e I T: lOaG

Note that F, is always perpendicular to q and

, and cannot charrge the particle,s speed v (and thus

the kinetic e,ergy). In other words, magnetic

force cannot speed up or slor.v dow,n a charged particle.

Consequently, Nlagnetic field does no rvorkon

charged p'article:

=

"

The direction of g however, can be altered

by the nragnetic force

ttlotion^of chorged.porticle in

uniform mognetic field

;ffi;T.Tfi:;ifl#l:

(a)

(b)

(c)

-tich

acharged particlemavmove

',,

i,

presence

or.nirorm magneric

Circular. P;1t|l

Helicalrrarlr

We shall see thenr one

by one.

lVltcrr lhc chal

fietd

exe."

rru r-i,r.e h.,,... it',,iin

r,.,,"r;;,;-*;,-;;;;J:i[:;[j",fllll,'1"",,,"*,,",,c

iietd. n,ag,r-'ric

ki

F'

T

L CLASSES

"POOJA rOWES'

3, GOPAL PURA

8Y PASS, ,lalrue-rozore

1an.l.) NOIA.

I'age #

lI

Velocity

Selector:

r..::

By combining the nvo fields, particles which move wifi a certain velocity can be selected. This was the

principle used by J. J. Thomson to measure the charge-to-mass ratio ofthe electrons. In Figure the

schematic diagram ofThomson's apparatus ildepicted

I

The electrons with charge q = --e and mass ,r, are emitted from the cathode C and then accelerated

latuaddrlA,&rthclotgst]aldif fe_reqaeberwean_A_andC__beY--_V-=AV The

energy is equal to the extemal work done in accelerating the electrons: AU = Wo,: qAV: --eAV. By

eoergyconseryatron jhe-kineticenergyahedislK:-zrU=mv?2Jhus,thespeedoftherlectrons

is given

by

2eLY

m

Ifthe elecrons further pass tkough a region where there exists a downward uniform electric field, the

electrons, being negatively charged, will be deflected upward. However, ifin addition to the electric

field, a magnetic field directed into the page is also applied, then the electrons u/ill experience an additional

downward magnetic force

straight path. From

When the two forces exactly cancel, the electrons will move in a

"1,

Eq., we see that when

e

II

E/B will

Combining

E1

2(AV)B'z

By measuring E, AV aod B, the charge-to-mass ratio can be readily determined. The most precise

I

measurement to date is e/m = 1.7 58920 17 4(7

I 0r C/kg.

l),

Atloss Spectrometer:

\"ttritltts ntethotls catl hc usctl to nreasurc thc rnass ofan alonr. Onc possibilrtv is throuqh

the usc, ofa

lllass spcctron)cter' The basic lLaLLrc of a BrrlrDlirlge ruass spectlrn)etcr

is illustrate<j ir1 Fi{rul.e. A

palticle canying a charge +-r7 is jirst scnt thr ough a velocity selector_

II

tt

m

Lr]

BAI,ISAI CL^SSES :

.pOOiA

TOTVER

, 3, GOPAL

PISA 8Y PASS.

rEL. (0,4t)s1181ts -

6.

6511722

Page # 13

in balance. The drifting electons tben rnove along the sfiip"loward the top ofthe page velociry

at

vd with

no firfftrer collection ofelecEons on the right edge oftlre ship and thus no firther

increase in thl electric

fieldE.

e

___(l)

E =evaB

:.

--n2)

ne

neA

potential

A Hall

difference v is associated with the elecbic field across strip width

d.

v:Ed

.. .(3)

EVi

B Bd

"'

neA

o:

&vd-

neV

Bd

By conneelilnga voltmErer across the witlflwe can measure the potential di

fference benveen the two

edges ofthe strip. Moreover, the voltneter can tell us which edge is at higher potential.

For the situation

ofFig. b, we would frnd that the leftedge is at higher potential, which is consistent

with our assumprion

ttrat the charge carriers are negativelycharged

"AV

It is also possible to use the Hall effect to measure directly ttre drift speed

vd ofthe charge carriers, which

you may recall is of the order ofcentimeters per hour. Ia this clever

experirnent, the melal strip is rnoved

mechanically through the magneticfield in a direction opposite that of the drift velocity

ofihe charge

carriers. The speed ofthe rnoving strip is dren adjusted until the Hall potential

diflerence vanishes.

At ftis condirion, with no Hall e.ffecg the velocity of the qt q.qqgugigrlittqspecL!9

qglberaigly_

fizme must be zerd, solhe v6locity orme Stiip must be equalin magnitirae Uui6ppost.

tt e aoe.uon or

the velocity ofthe negative charge carriers.

For a moment, let us make the opposite assumption, that the charge

carrieLs in current i are positively

charged (Fig. c).

bottom in the strip, thev are pushed to

the right edge by FB and thus that the right edge is at

highei potential. Because that last statenrent is

co,tradicted by our vortmeter reading, the charge carriers

must be negativery charged.

/tAagnetic Force on

a Current-Corrying Wire

a magnetic field experiences a ,ragne tic

fbrce

S

illce

t'lcctric

F,

ctl u ent cons ists of a collection of charged part

ic les in nrotion. u.6en piacccl rna

rura.qrrctic fickl. a crur_crrl_car.n_ing l irc u

ill also erpcr.ience a nra_9nc.tic tbrce.

cousitlcr a long str-a ight rr ire sLrspended in tirc regio.

betwceu the t\\,o nlag,ctic polcs. fhe ,ragnctic

field points otrt the page and is represented rvith"dots

(.). It can be readily denronstratcd that \\,hen

a

cio* llrt at rl crtrrclt t passcs llttotrult. Ihc * i.c

is tjeflectcrl to the lcfi- HLrr'c.r,e.r. rr

irr-.n ltr" ..,,n a,]r r: rl)\\ ilr-.,1.

tlr.' rI. ll... trlrr r, r illttrr lrLl. ;rs slr()\\ n

it) I t.-ure.

L

EEE

\

ll

lr

I

I;EER

@ Blr{sl L CLASSES

,POO.'A

TOWEs

3, GOPAL P un A

BY P ASS, JAIPIJf,.3O2()

ffi

1 )s

81

6 65'l

Page # 15

Case-2:

B

- .- --+

/

'--- -"--*-rll\ .--..--_J

Figure : A closed loop carrying

a current

{aS =

wo

oro e

f, =[.

tres

wlre

sa

wire carrying a current will experience a net force. Thus, we

expect two current-carrying wires to exert force oneach other.

Consider two parallel wires separated by a distance a and

l,'.#,

Figue.

The magnetic force, 1,, , exerted on rvire

l by wile

2 may be computed as

we have

[,

pointing

fgoing in tfie+xdirectisnarecireleseoneentr.ic

in the tangentialdirection. Thus, at an arbitrary pointp on wire l,

to wire

l,

as depicted

in

Figure. Therefore,

lil.

F,, = I,7, B, --

;

clearly

2fta

\ tTa )

[,

this simple calculation is tlrat nvo

parallel wires carrying currents in the

same direction will attract each other. On the other hand,

if the

currents flow in opposite directions. the

resultar.rt force will be repulsive.

Definition

of

ompere

lry r,r and ca,yi,g a cure.t vr

of tA

r^r(r\rr'

each. Then

Irr(rrrli,

d = rrn, so rrtat rrorn equation

i. = rA

arrd

dF

--\rrr

=.

.V 1'I0

Th is is used lo tb.rlalll

deii nc tit.' urr it 'anrperc' .f elecr'ic cu,ert.

par.allel. loug *,ires.

apartin vacttttt.t.t' cari-\'cqtlail

ctfr.errrs in thc saDrc clir.'.riun n,r.l ttl"ra

is a fbrce of alrr.actiorr of 2

l1c\\'kl, per r)rctre

rh'o

ki,t I nr

x l0 /

ruiJto be i anrpe.e.

BANSAL CLASSES

,POOJA

TOWEB

4 )5

5,

55'

Page # 17

_ _

[r:4-41),{oi)=raB[

q=l1r),1nil=-ranf

with E pointing out ofthe page and fn into

q",

=i*pr+F,+fo

=O

as expected. Even though the net force on the loop vanishes, the

forces E

r. will produce a torque

which causes the loop to rotate about they-axis (Figure). The torque

with respect to the center ofthe

loop is

-=[

b:

--l

t

I

),.

laabB

.(i'),(r,ar.(e

r),(-

-a

r.*))

IabB

l?,1

\zL

whereA = ab represqnb the areaoftrreJoop andrhe positive sign indieates

that the rotation is clockrvise

about they-axis. It is convenient to introduce the area vector

= 46 where is a unit vector in the

direction normal to tre plane ofthe lmp. The direction ofthe positive

sense of 6 is set by the conventional

righrhand rule. In our case, we have

a = +f . The above expression for torque ca1 then be rewritten as

IA xB

to the plane of the roop (or

perpendicular to).

Consider now the more general situation whe re the loop (or the area vector

respect to the magnetic field.

) makes an angle 0

F.

/

')

0

b/2

lr

_

Floru Figure, the lever anns and can be expr.essed

asl

-I-.:-lb/

sin

0i + cos (lk

-f!

= rr,

F=,

ir - 2i: ,. i,, =:

!(-.i,,el*.urO[!(foei)

jlabBsinej=IAxB

Fora Ioop consisting ofArturns. the

rnagnitucie ofthe toque

t = NIAB sin 6

EANSAL CLASSES

.POOJA

ts

PASS, JAtpuR-3020t8 (RAJ.)

tNDlA. TEL. (0141)s1t8,15 -

6, 6s

722

Page

19

with

AGNETTC EfFE CT

ddEitiim.

The consant

constant.

We define the

as the

,r

4g!

Of

CURRENT

this

0_NAB

IK

is to increase the number of h,os

N.

We choose galvanometers having sensitivities ofvalue,

reqJJ by ow experiment.

we define the vortage sensitivity as ttre deflection per

unit volt ofapplied potential difference

_rNAB) r rNAB.\

-l

r

k lV={. n .i*

curr*t ."osltirrl ty may not necessarily increase

the

voltage sensitivity. IfN -+ 2N, i.e., we double

the nuqbrroftums, tlrcn

0 --> 0

2

II

the resisance ofthe galvanometer

is also likely to doublg

since it is proportional to the length or*re wire.

tn eq. N

-iri^a

1-1

VV

TEL. (0 4

)5

,6

remains unchanged.

rl

t 'POOJA TOWEB;

3,

OPIL

P UR A BY P A s,

JAIPUR -3,201 8 R AJ,)

hro A.

6, 651

P age #

2l

"!$*-

Ie =4.A cut the page perpendicularly at the points 1,2,3:4, 5and6

respectively as shown in ttre figure. Find the value ofthe

I2

@s

@e

-1.

R

Electric charge q is unifomlly distributed over-arod. ofJength /.Jtre+od is plaeed parallettoa long-wire

carrying a cuserlrjjheseparation be+weee*re rod and rhcrvir cisa.FindiheforcerrcdJromorrerhe

rod along is length with a uniform velocity v.

Q.13

An electon moving with a velocity 5 x 106 ms-r in the uniform electric fieldof5 x l07vm-r j.Find

the magnitude and direction ofa minimun rrniform m?sretic field in tesla that will

cause the elebtron to

move undeviated along its original patll

Q:.l4

velocity vo ar origin in +x direction. In space there is a uniform

"q,fassm)has

magnetlc tleld u rn - z dtrection.

Find the y coordinate ofparticle whep is crossei v axis.

ar5

there are uniform transverse

mutually perpendicular electric and magneti c field rvith E aud B.

Then the beam strikes a grounded

tatget._F_ind tle force imparted by the beam o n the target if the-beamcurrent

is equal to*

Q.

\, ,

,n.

8.O

{nai

The current density J, howeveq it is not uniform over the cioss sectiol

ofthe conductor but is a function ofthe radius according to J = br,

where b is a constant. Find an expression for the magnetic field B.

(a) at r, <R

(b) at distance r, > R, mesured Aom the axis

l1

tH:'

irtegzl

l6

n,

in tite (+)ve

xdirection. The electron a.e require_-i to h it the spor S rvhere

GS :0.1m & the line GS makes an angle of 60. wiih

rhe x_axis,

as.dtown in the fig. A unifbrm magnetic field

E parallel to GS exists

irrthe region outside to electron gun. Fin<i the-minimurn

value of B

needed to make the electron hit S .

60'

BANSAL ctASSES

.POOJA

TOWER

3, GOPAL PUBA BY

PASS, JAtPUR.302o 8 (BAJ.)

INDIA, TEL. (0 4

)51

t8

6, 55

722

Page # 23

"'

in ttre figurd"

If a particle with charge +Q and mass m is placed at the centre p

and given a velociry along NP (fig). Find its instantaneous acceleration

@) If an extemal uniform magnetic induction field E : B

find the torque acting on the loop due to the field.

.23

_Y

is applierl,'

A U-shaped wire of mass m and length / is immersed with its two ends

in mercury (see figure). The wire is in a homogeneors field ofmagnetic

inducrion

B.Ifa

q=

Jiat,

ir."rtO-ugh

Calculate, the height h that the wirereechesiltrtsize of rh e e!4gC-.&-!rE9"[!ul!

the time of the current pulse is very small in comparision with the time of fligllt.

Ma ke

the wire, the wire

ft fiwhichqualsnrv.

-thatimpntseofSreequaq

I =,20cm & h=3meters.[g= l0 m/s2]

use of the

,D:

fact

8m,

figure. The recanguiar loop carries a conventional curent I' inthe crockwise

direction. Find the net force on the rectangular loop.

t

Q.?5 infinitely long thin wirJs each carryi,g current i in the same direcrion , are in the x-y plane of

a gravity free spa ce . The central wire is along the y_axis

whi le the other two are al ong .x : *d.

---- find.the locus of the points for which the magndtic

field B is zero

(r) Ifthe central wire is displaced.along the z-direction by a small

amount & released, show that it will

execute simple hannonic motioll . Ifthe lineardensity

oftlre wires is l" , find the frequenci, of oscillation.

\L t')

Q'J6 Q^charge is uuiformly distributed over

3

'::

ofsemi-veftical angte 0 and heighth. The cone

is uniformlyrotated about is axis

at angular velocity co. Calculated

associated magnetic dipole moment.

Q'27

peRS

A rectangurar

roop

made from a uniform rvire has rength a, width

b and ntass nt. It is fi.ee ro lotate

about the arm pe, whichremains hinged

as tlie y_axis lsee figirre). Takc the

verricallv

upl'ard clirecrion

rrs rhe

licltl

[ = 13iaa[)

g,,

and a cunelr I is

it. The toop is now rereased and

is found ro stay iu rrre

rr',r r/i)r)r'r|

|osrlrorr irr l. 1triIilrr.irrrrr.

\\ ltrtt is rhe tlirceli,,rr rrl

tlc errrr.cltt L, l,(.).,

Fintl the rr:asnctic lorcc ()t)

thc arrrr I{S.

Ftnd rhe c.\l)tL'ssiol

ibr I irr tenrrs ol IJ,,. rr. [, lrr<l rn.

::1:,:11,t,.

PQ

llii.l3.ll:Tl

(at

(b)

(c)

r'

'l--

Ii

F;',,

.ocASSs

.POO,,A

TOWE R

3,

G@A L PUBA B

PA

s J A |PUA-3020

I (RAJ

Ir,lDtA. IEL.

{0 4

6,

5t 722

Pagc # 25

The dimension of

Q,6

wnere

is permeabilrty

U

,E

(A) Resistance (/lndtrctance

&

(C)

permittivity

is sanre as

Capacitance

as

shown in the figure. The patlr consists ofeight arcs with uft ,.,utirrg

, roJZ..

Each segment of arc zubtends equal angle at the common cente p. "uaii

The magnetic

field produced by current path at point p is

Q.7

(A)

u"I

3 u^I

tA)

(c)

,1

tT

i 9_rtry_=ga,l,.p

I

Q.8

it-._

i4ward.

u^I

-]g.

Infinitenumberofstraightwireseachcarryingcunentlareequally

placed as shown in the figure. Adjacent wires have

current in

opposite direction. Net magnetic field at point p is

!\r

-+

a

ItnI ln2

(A);; t; ri

vJa

(B)

-cc:##(-ir-Qe

e is

##rt

co

10.

i0.

(D)Zero

currents Il and I. lic. in on e plane Locus ofthe pointat

which the nragnetic induction is zero, rs a

(A) circle with centre as the point of intersection

of the conductor.

( E', ) paraDora wrth venex

as the point ofintersection of the conductors

ofintersecrion ot:,i"

(D) rectangu lar hyperbola

"onar.,o*

Q.

Q.II

a current I is placed as shown

in the fi-qu'e Each ofthe strzighr sections

orure to"op is or1.rEr, zu. rrr" ,rragreric

field duc to this Ioop at the poirrt p (a.0.

a) dr;.;,; rhe direcrion

I

(A)

-,) (- i r

(Cr

--

k)

fsl ,J;t-i"

(i +.i + k)

rl-,-

t,

v

ir

(D)

2a

l(i+k)

:rt ;r p,rirrr t0.0.-a)rrould,:rr:lirlitihh'rlli\ile\ill('llL'll)()\ltl\.'\-)illl(lzdirtcliorrs.Thenrrilrrctic

i-rlLl.rl

ficltl

(A)

Il..t

^'r (J-i)

zna

8r NSAL cta SS ES

tt,,r(i(B)^.

+i)

zfia

"POOJ A IOWE R

3, G OPAL P UR A

rq

P ASS, JAIPUR.3O2()

*{rizfia

I

A AJJ lfl

jr

o A.

IEL, (0 t4 )s1

(D)

Li,.I

j+kt

;g-(i+

tfia

.

6, 6 51 722

Page # 27

.tri);: Q.l8

issribjected simultaneous ly to an electric

field along the +x direction and a magnetic field along the +z

directioh, then

(A) positive ions deflect towards +y direction and

neladve ions towards

-y direction

(B) all ions deflect towards +y

(C) all ions deflect towards

-ydirection

(D) positive i,ntdeflect towards

-y direction and negative iom towards +y direction.

direction. ,

Q.le

electric field exists towards negativey-axis.

wbat

should be the direction of magnetic field ofsuitable

magnit a. .o trr"t n"t rorce ofelectron is zero

(A) positive z(B) negative

(C) pos-iti"e

axis

Q.20

2Bo

(Brr=;;"

2mvo

qE

ratio

ri

,^, B,d

(A)?

*g;l;;:;J

,[

eq

(D)t=

ra

qE

/r,

jri.gr"i. n"u

Jrcu*aturelus,

"n"..""irg

is equal to

^B

,aii

(c)+

Ev^

(A)

+!9

om

1ai

ro)+

a point (d, 0, 0). The maximum value

v Ibr wt ich the

tn a space.

from the

partrcle docs not hir y-z plane is

logl

(c)

l'11

Bo9

(D)

2dn

+eq

lrn

other, keeping distance rbetween

them, both movin-q with same

velocit-v

T.en the ratio ofthe erectric and magnetic

r.-.'--'force ofinteraction behveen them

Q.23

y

(A) c2 lv)

Q

1o,

elecric field E perpendicular to tlre field. Again it is

projetced wirh velocjv v,

nerne.n$r.curir to a uuiform

-;ust afler entering in rhe ehcric fierd and r, is initial radius

then the

--

y_a*i,

theorigl'n under lhe action of an etecrrir Jierd

-s--qi-"laE, =3ui withreloeig+u- v;=+hespeed oftlreparticlewill become llt atter a tlme

Q.2l

z_axis

(U

?c2/v2

is

(e c2/zv1

(D)Nonc

2+

Il-:;.'..i:},.Tr;,i}r:lj,:,;jfi:ffi.ineliirtctietnergvpasstr,ou,qha.egio.i,*,r,rchrhert is,r.,i1,rrn

(A)H rvi'bereastdefrecred. -',""'ietH"-?rrdo,2u.i,bedeflectecrequarl'.

(C)o r u ilthc (lcflccrcd nrosr

iIi"iil,,,n.n.,lcr.rr..lrr;rrirllr.

-i

ertct-g1 T is rttor irrg

nli1LIrlL{ic

illclLlcti.rr

3R

',.t)

BAI{SA L cr-ass ES

rsr/;

POOJA

TOWEF

Ir per,cncricLrlar.

Il kirretic crrcr-cy is dorblcd

and nra-s,etic irducti.rr

tr.iple.. tlre r.aairrs

/r

i,

3, G OPAL PURA

8Y

(o

t-

/; *

I (BAJ.

$iDra. TEL {0

,o,

)s

E1

/i

6, 65

t. a ., ilirr-rrr

* ill bcc.rnc

Page #

2i

,

33

.'

AchargeAparticle is released from rest in a regionof uniforrn electric and magnetie helds, which are

parallel to each other. The locus ofthe particle will be

\

.iA; heli* of"on tant

@) straight

(D) cycloid

(C) helix

pitch

ofvaryingpitch

line

For a positively charged particle moving in a x - y plane initially along the x-axis, there is a sudden

change in its path due to the presence ofelectric and./or magnetic fields beyond P. The cuwed path is

shown in the x - y plane and is found to be non-circular.

Q.34

o

Which one of the following combirrations is possible

(d9 E=0;B=bj+ck

(c)

/_

(p) e=ai;A=ck+ai

E=o;E=,.j*t[

(o)E=ui;E=cft+tj

particle ofspecific charge (q/m) is projected from the origin ofcoordinates w'ith initial velocity

[rii.- vj]. Uniform electric magnetic fields exist in the region along the +y direction, of magnihrde E and B.

TEparticlewilldefuitely rctum to the origin once if

(B){u2+v2)r2 [B/nE] isaninteger

(C) [vB/rE] in an

(D) [uB/lrE] is an integer

Q35

A.

(N)tlvBl2rElisaninteger

integer

If the electron

is

velocity V, =

moving with

vcloc rty

Zi

rry.

t., -= 2j

,r

($/zero

Q.37

(81

2kN

(C) -

i;

2kN

Zt n/s

force

4 = +jN.

force F,

+Z i N

@) information is insufficient

Two particles ofcharges +Q and -Q are projected from the same point with a velocity v in a region of

uniform magnetic field B such that the velocity vector makes an angle 0 with the magnetic field. Tlieir

rnasses are M and 2M. rcspcctir,elr,. Then, they rvill meet again for the first time at a poillt \\,hose

distartce fi r.lnr lltc prrirrt,rl pr',rjelli,.'rr is

Q.38.zAparticleu,ithcharge-QanrlrurssmentersarnagneticfieldofntagnitudeB,

cr t sl irts on lv to llrc rillrr ,r i'tlt.: bLrrrndurr YZ. Thc d itc.li(t1t o f tltc ntotion of tlrr-'

particleisperpcndiculaltothccLrectionofB.

LetT-I2r

u

(l

I1'l

OO

(A)

s *q$sAL

re

CLASSES

(B) 2T0

.POOJA

t/

-(n+20\

(c)'r I ^

\

l7T

)s

(D)r

81 5

x-20

2n

6, 65 1722

Pagc # 3l

XY carrying a current I, the net force on the loop will be

(')#

.'2poli

(Ar

3^

Q?#

@*

L

tn

A circuldr coil carrying cunent I is placed in a region of uniform magnetic field acting

on

perpend icular to a coil as shown in the figure. Mark c

(A) coil expands

@) coil contracts

(C) coil moves left

,.

@) coilmoves right

.47 -A metalring of radius r -0.5 m with its plane normal toa uniform magnetic field B of induction

cauTles a curre-ntl

(A) r00

Q.48

(B) 50

(c)2s

(D)

t0

_J

In given figure, X and Y are two long staight parallel conducton each carrying

a current of 24. The force on each conductor is F newtons. When the cunent

in each is changed to I A and reversed in direction, the force on each is now

(A) F/4 and unchanged in

(B) F/2 and reversed in direction

(C)F 12 and unchanged in

@) F/4 and reversed in direction

A conducting ring of mass 2 kg and radius 0.5 m is placed on a smooth horizontal

plane. The ling carries a current i = 4,A'. Ahorizontal magnetic field B l0T is

switched on at time t: 0 as shown in figure. The initial angular acceleration of

x

2A

2A

Y

will be

the ring

(A) 40 niad/f,

(C) 5 a radls2.

'---t

i-.-

--

---(8120

(D)

15

I radArr

radls2

g50 n.

In the figure shown a coil ofsingle nrm is wound on a sphere ofradius R and mass

The plane ofthe corl is parallel to the plane and lies in the equatorial plane of

the sphet e. Current in rhe coil is i. The value of B if the sphere is in equilibrium is

(A)

Q5t

rns cos 6

..-n,R-

q\r

52

(c)

-;nurs tan 0

(D)

The uagnetic motttent ola circular orbit of radius 'r'canying a charge 'q'

given b1,

LI\l

rlj) rr

(r\) ..'.

Q

lns

B)'zriR

---=

'

-... r-i---

dirqction

dirddtion

Q.4e

0.2

((')tlr;rr

ar.rd

rns sin 0

-;iR-

i'L.:nl

(ljlq\;Tr

r. is

'

A thin non conducting disc of radius R is rotating clockwise (see figure) u,ith an anuular velocity ct about

ils cclrrlrlrr..i:. ri,hiclt rs per;tentlierrlur to irs pllinc. Bttlh irs sLr tlitces cltllr r e, cltarucs

ofunrtbrlt srrr lirct

dcnsitr: llalfthc dise is il u r.rsion ol'a trnitbnn. uniclircctiona l uusnctic ficklll parallcl

ltt thc 1;lant- of ri

d rsc. as slrou,n. Then.

(,{) The

(C) The ner torquc vector on the clisc is directed rightrvards.

(D) The net torque vector on rhe clisc is paralle I to-B.

cr-AssEs

,POOJA

T ow E R 3, GOP AL PURA

P A s s JAI PU R-3020

I (RAJ.

NOIA. TET (0 1 )s

I]

6, 65

722

Page # 33

e.59

Two short magrresofmagrretic moment 2Am2 and 5Am2 are placed alongtwo lines drawn atright angle

to each other on the sheet of paper as shown in the figure. What is the magnetic field at the point of

:N

(D

r-n

=0.3m

rr=0 4 m

(A)2.15 x

Q

60

l0-5T

(B)215 x

l0rT

Q.61

Q.62

-(Di

It

mapetic field is :

(C) 2 x l0r

(B) l0-4

(A) 0.5 x l0{

(c)

s

(D)21.5 x l0-sT

N

l0-3T

(C)2.15 x

l0{

The total intensity ofthe earth's magnetic fietd at the magnetic equator is 5 units. What

ii

its value at a

(A)

Q.63

fi3 units

(B) JSZ

units

(C)4units

(D) 3 units

A steel wire of length L has a rragnetic moment M. It is then bent into a semi-circular arc, the new

magnetic moment will be:

(A)

Q.64

(B)

2M/tr

(C)

M/L

(D) M x L

Two bar magnets of the same mass, same lengthand breadth but having magnetic motnents M and 2M

arejoined together pole for pole and suspended by a string. The time period ofassembly in

magnetic

Ifnow the polarity ofone o lthe uragnets is revemed and the combination

is again madc to oscillate in tirc'same flold. the tinrc ol-osciliations is:

field ofstrength H

I

tA)

is 3 seconds.

^,[sec

(B)j./J

scc

r()lsec

(D)(rsec

the polcs oI'a sttong maqnct ti illt thc urcniscus in linc u ith tire fleld. then rhe lcr.cl

(A)

tuse

(C)Oscillate

8AflS AL cLASS s

ofthe solLrtitu

rr itlr:

(u) F all

slorr.lv

,PO

OJ A TOtt/E R

3 GOP AL PU RA B

PAS s

AIPU B. 30201 8

(8 AJ.

NO IA TEL. (0

)s

6, 65

722

Page #

.15

A uniform ring ofmass m and radius R carrying current

Io is

at t = 0 (here B0: constantf: Ifthe ring can freely rotate.

space with centre at origin.

Q.7l

(A)

(c)

4J-2roBon

(B)

l0.,f2IoBozr

Io

2J-2roBon

(A) 0

(B) IonRBo

-rcfr{5+flR3 0

(D) hioneofthese-

IREASONING TYPEI

Q.73

Statement-l

It

notpossible for a charged particle to move in a circular path around a long straight

uncharged corductor carrying currentrmder the influence of its magnetic field alone.

The rnagnetic force (ifnorzero) on a moving charged particle is normal to its velocity.

is

Statement-2 :

(A) Statement- 1 is true, statement-2 is true and statement-2 is corect explanation for statement- l .

@) Statemenr I is true, statement-2 is true and statement-2 is NOT the correct explanation for statement-l.

-(C) State ment-l is true, statement-2 is false(D) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true.

Q74

Statement-1

For a clrarged particle to pass through a uniform electro-magnetic field without chan-sc

in velocity, its velociqrvector must be perpendicular to the magnetic field

Staternent-2

= q1E + V x S]

(A) Statement- I is true, statement-2 is true and.statement-2 is correct explanation for statement-l .

@) Statement- I is hue, statement-2 is hue and statement-2 is NOT the conect explanation for strtement(C) Statement- l is true, statement-2 is false.

(D) Statenrent- I is false, statemenr2 is true.

() 7i

Statement-2

can.ring lvire.

The magnetic ficld due to finite lcngth of a straight current canying wire is symurcrric

al)oul the u ire.

(.'\)SlilLclllclll-|isttLtc-statcrltcnl-listr-trcaldsurlen'r!'nl-liscolr-ccterltlurultiotllorslatcrneltl-L

(lJ)Stxtcllrcttl-listruc.sllltcll.tcnl-2istnrcandslaLcnrcnt-2isNOTtlrect-rrrcclerltlanationfbrstatc.mcnt-1.

(D)Statcnrc.rrt I is filse. statcnent-l is tr.Lra.

SAI{SAL CLASSES

I.

PURA

8y

rE 5 -6,

6511722

Page # 37

Q80

In the following hexagons, made up of two difhrent matiirial

points X and yiespectively. In which case.tre maguetic field at its centre ls not zero.

(A)

x

e.gl

(B)

(D)

(c)

a

Considerthreequantitiesx=E/B,y=V/i/tro", unar=;f,.U"re,/isthelengthofawire,Cisa

capacitaflce and R is a resistance. All othur symbols have standatd meanings'

(i)

dimensions

*-" dimensions

Q.82'

(D) none of the three pairs have the same dimensions.

infte

-a

due to the two conductors at any point is B. Which of the

following are correct?

(A) B :0 for all points on the x-axis

(B) At all points on the y-axis, excluding ttre origin; B has only a z-component

(C)At all poins on the z-axis, excluding the origin, B has only a y-conrponent'

y

e.83

84

A lo[g straight wire canies a currellt along the x-axis. Consider the points A(0, 1,0), B(0, 1, l),

C(1,0, l) and D(1, l, l). Which of the follor.ving pairs of points r'.,ill havc magnetic fields of the sdne

(A)AandB

8-5

at the centre

(D)

(c)

(B)

magniurde?

'

Crurent flows tlrough unifonn, square frames as showrr. Lr which case is the rnagnetic field

of the fi:ameriot 2efo?-

(A)

Q

(B)Aand

(C) B and

(D) B and D

In the prer ious question. ifthe crulent is I and the magnctic fiekl at D has nragiriftrde B.

.. ttoi

rArll--;

ttt1t

(C) B is parallel to tlre

(B)B -/.,l

-!Jx

H

x-axis

(D) B makes

an angle of 45o

(Ol4t)j

8115 -

6.

8511722

Pagc # 39

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