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DHANALAKSHMI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


EE6351 ELECTRIC DRIVES AND CONTROL
UNIT-1
INTRODUCTION
PART A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

What is meant by drive and electric drive?


List out some advantages of electric drives.
List out some examples of electric drives.
What are the types of electric drives?
What are the classes of duties?
Draw the heating and cooling curve of an electric motor.
What are the various function performed by an electric drive?
What is meant by four-quadrant operation?
What is active and passive load torque?
What are the components of load torque?
What is meant by regenerative braking?
What are the different types of electric braking?
PART B

1. Explain in detail, the main factors that decide the choice of an electrical drive for a given
application.
2. a) Explain in detail, the different types of Drives used in industrial application.
b) Explain the factors governing the selection of motor.
3. a) Explain the various classifications of electrical drives and parts of electrical drives.
b) Explain the selection of rating of motors.
4. The thermal time constant and final steady temperature of a motor on continuous running are
30 minutes 60 0 C. Find the temperature for the following:
a) after 15 minutes at this load
b) after one hour at this load
5. Determine the half-hour rating of 40 kW motor. Assume the constant losses to be equal to
80% of full load copper losses. Thermal time constant for the motor is 2 hours.
6. Explain in detail, the selection of power rating for drive motors with regard to thermal over
loading and load variation factors.

7. Ten minutes rating of a motor used in domestic mixes is 200 W. The heating time constant is
40 minutes and maximum efficiency occurs at full load the continuous rating.
8. A 100 kW motor, having rated temperature rise of 600C, has full load efficiency of 80% and
the maximum efficiency occurs at 85% full load. It has thermal time constant of
80
minutes and 65 minutes. It is cyclically loaded, 120% of full load for over hour and 50% of
full load for next hour. Find the temperature rise after 3 hrs.
9. a) Show that the relationship between temperature rise and time is an exponential function.
b) At full load of a 10 Hp motor the temperature rise of the motor is 250C after one hour and
400C after two hours. Find the following:
1) the final temperature rise on full load
2) heating time constant of motor
3) Half hour rating if iron losses which remain constant are 80% of copper losses at full
load.
10. The temperature rise of a motor when operating for 25 minutes on full load is 250C and
becomes 400C when motor operates for another 25 min on the same load. Determine heating
time constant and steady state temperature rise.

UNIT II
ELECTRICAL MOTOR CHARACTERISTICS
PART A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Why does a single phase induction motor not self-start?


What is meant by plugging?
Give some applications of DC motor.
What are the different types of electric braking?
When does an induction motor behave to run off as a generator?
Define Slip
What is back emf in D.C. motor?
Draw the speed torque characteristics of DC shunt motor.
Draw the speed torque characteristics of DC series motor. (AU may 2006)
What is meant by regenerative braking?
What is meant by dynamic braking?
PART B

1. Draw and explain the speed torque characteristics of DC shunt (separately excited) and
series motor with neat diagram.
2. Explain in detail, the different methods of braking used in dc motor.
3. Explain in detail, the speed torque characteristics of different types of 1 and 3 phase
induction motor.
4. Explain in detail, the various methods of electrical braking applicable to induction motors.
5. Explain in detail, the electrical characteristics of a dc motor with derivation to justify their
shape.
6. A 400 V,750 rpm,70 A DC shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.3 .When running
under rated conditions, the motor is to be braked by plugging with armature current limited
to 90 A. What external should be connected in series with the armature? Calculate the initial
braking torque and its value when the speed has fallen to 300 rpm. Neglect saturation.
7. (i) Explain why a DC series motor suited to deal with torque over load then the other DC
motors.
(ii) State and explain the important features of various braking methods of DC motors.
8. (i)What is meant by regenerative braking? How is it achieved in DC motors?

(ii)Explain the quadrantal diagram of speed-torque characteristics for a motor driving hoist
load.
9.

(i) Explain how the speed-torque characteristics of a DC shunt motor can be modified by
the introduction of armature series resistance.
(ii) A DC series motor runs at 1000 rpm taking 100 A at 400 V. A diverter having doubled
the resistance of the field winding is then connected in parallel with it. Estimate change in
speed if the torque varies as the square if the speed. Assume unsaturated field and neglect
losses.

10. (i) A 220 V DC shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.5 and takes a current of 40 A
on full-load. By how much must be the main flux is reduced to raise the speed by 50% if
developed torque is constant.
(ii) Explain the difference between regenerative braking and dynamic braking with Dc shunt
motor.

UNIT-III
STARTING METHODS
PART A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

List out the Starters used to start a DC motor.


List out the Starters used to start an Induction motor.
What are the protective devices in a DC/AC motor starter?
Why are motor take heavy current at starting?
What are the methods to reduce the magnitude of rotor current (rotor induced current) at
starting?
What is the objective of rotor resistance starter (stator rotor starter)?
Why are squirrel cage induction motors not used for loads requiring high starting torque?
Write the relation between line voltage and phase voltage.
List out some advantages and disadvantages of D.O.L starter.
Draw the speed-torque characteristics of an Induction motor with various values of rotor
resistance.
What is the function of no-voltage release coil in DC motor starter?
PART B

1. i) Write the need for starters. Draw a neat diagram of a 3 point starter and explain its
operation.
ii) A starter required for a 220 V shunt motor. The maximum allowable current is 55 A and
the minimum current is about 35 A. Find the number of starter resistance required and the
resistance of each section. The armature resistance of the motor is 0.4 .
2. Draw and explain the typical control circuits for starting the DC series motor.
3. A squirrel cage induction motor when starter by means of star-delta starter takes 200% of
full load line current and develops 40% of full load torque values, if an autotransformer with
75% tapping were employed.
4. The full load slip of a 440 V, 3 phase cage induction motor is 3% and with locked rotor, full
load current is circulated when 92 V is applied between lines. Find necessary tapping on an
auto-transformer to limit the starting current to twice the full load current of the motor.
Determine also the starting torque interims of the load torque.
5. Determine approximately the starting torque of an induction motor in terms of full load
torque when started by means of the following:
(a) A star-delta starter
(b) An auto transformer with 74% tapping
The short circuit current of the motor at normal voltage is 5 times the full-load current
and the full load slip is 3%. Neglect the magnetizing current.

6. Why is a single phase induction motor not self-starting? Explain in detail, the methods of
starting a single phase induction motor.
7. A 3 phase induction motor has a ratio of maximum torque to full load torque as 2.5:1. The
rotor resistance and standstill reactance per phase are 0.4 and 4 respectively. Determine
the ratio of starting torque to full load torque, if a star-delta starter is used.
8. A 400 V, 750 rpm, 70 A DC shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.3 . When running
under rated conditions, the motor is to be braked by plugging with armature current limited
to 90 A. What external resistance should be connected in series with the armature? Calculate
initial braking torque and its value, when the speed has fallen to
300 rpm. Neglect
saturation.
9. A starter required for a 220 V shunt motor. The maximum allowable current is 55 A and
minimum current is about 35 A. Find the number of starter resistance required and the
resistance of each section. The armature resistance of the motor is 0.4 .
10. Explain in detail, the principle of starting of DC shunt motor using power and control circuit
with neat circuit diagram.

UNIT-IV
CONVENTIONAL AND SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROL OF D.C. DRIVES
PART A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Write the expression for speed for a DC motor.


What are the ways of speed control in dc motors?
List out the limitations of field control
What are the 3 ways of field control in DC series motor?
What are the main applications of Ward-Leonard system?
List out the merits and demerits of ward-leonard method of speed control?
What are the merits and demerits of rheostatic control method?
What are the advantages of field control method?
What are the different types of chopper? (AU MAY 2007)
What is the principle of the field control method of speed control of DC shunt motors?
What are the advantages of thyristor control on speed control of Dc motor?
List out advantages of DC six pulse converter compared with three pulse converter.
Write the applications of DC chopper.

PART B

1. Explain in detail, the speed control methods of dc motors.


2. Draw and explain the ward Leonard drives. Also write its advantage, drawbacks and
applications.
3. Explain in detail, the armature and field control methods applied to DC motors.
4. A 250 V DC shunt motor has shunt field resistance of 250 and an armature resistance of
0.25 for given load torque and no additional resistance include in the shunt field current.
The motor runs at 1500 rpm drawing an armature current of 20 A. If a resistance of 250 is
inserted in series with the field the load torque remaining the same. Find out the new speed
and armature current. Assume the magnetization curve to be linear.
5. A 220 V.15 kW, 850 rpm shunt motor draws 72.2 A when operating at rated condition. The
resistances of the armature and shunt field are 0.25 and 100 respectively. Determine the
percentage reduction in field flux in order to obtain a speed of 1650 rpm when armature
current drawn in 40 A.
6. Explain in detail, the speed control of DC motor is obtained using semi converter.
7. Explain in detail, the chopper control of DC separately excited motor.

8. Explain in detail, the first quadrant chopper control of separately excited motor for
continuous conduction.
9. A series motor having an armature resistance of 1 runs at a speed of 800 rpm at 200 V
with a current of 15 A. Find the speed at which it will run, when a 5 resistance is
connected in series at the same supply and taking the same current.
10. Explain the detail, the operation of a speed control of a DC series motor fed by a single
phase semi-converter for the continuous motor current. Draw the relevant circuit diagram
and waveforms.

UNIT V
CONVENTIONAL AND SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROL OF A.C. DRIVES
PART A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

What is a controlled rectifier?


Write some applications of phase control converters.
What is the main purpose of freewheeling diode?
What is a full converter?
What is natural or line commutation?
What is forced commutation?
What is a chopper?
What is voltage commutation?
What is current commutation?
What is load commutation?
What are the different means of controlling induction motor?(AU May 2009)
What are the two ways of controlling the RMS value of stator voltage?

PART B
1. Explain in detail, the different methods of speed control of 3 phase induction motors.
2. Explain in detail, the pole changing method and frequency changing method of speed
control of induction motor.
3. Explain in detail, the about slip power recovery scheme.
4. Explain with variable frequency inverter employing SCR for speed control of 3 phase
induction motor.
5. Explain in detail, the V/f control method of AC drives with neat sketches.
6. The rotor of a 4 pole, 50 Hz slip ring induction motor has a resistance of 0.3 per phase and
runs at 1440 rpm at full load. Calculate the external resistance per phase which must be
added to lower the speed to 1320 rpm, the torque being the same as before.
7. Explain in detail, the speed control of a three phase induction motor using an AC voltage
controller.