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RNI :

New Delhi, APTEL 08725/01/12004-TC

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Rc.No.: C3 1789/2004

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D.T.P. by SANJAY GRAPHICS, Chirala. 9966156263

Printed at : SOWMYA OFFSET, Chirala, 9848088156

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sTHe :

s$ yVqse, M.Sc., M.A., (Sanskrit)


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Ns\ ` 523 155, |X+ , +<|<X.
Cell : 9440115411, E-mail : ramorasans@gmail.com

Website : www.samskruti.org/people/ramora/ramoraindex.html

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SRI ARAVINDA
SARIT SAGARA
- Dr. Prema Nandakumar,
Srirangam.
1.

Mahasaraswatis Child
Sri Aurobindo was born on 15th
August, 1872 at Calcutta. His father, Dr.
Krishna Dhan Ghose was a physician.
His mother was Swarnalata, daughter of
Rishi Rajnarain Bose. Dr. Ghose already
had two sons, Benoybhushan and
Manomohan as also a daughter, Sarojini.
Sri Aurobindos younger brother was
Barindra Kumar. Even in those distant
days, Dr. Ghose had gone to England
for higher education. He had been much
anglicised and naturally wished for a complete English education for his children.
At home he had engaged Miss Pagett to teach the children. Later, he sent his
first three sons to the Loretto Convent School at Darjeeling. Here Sri Aurobindo
was moving among English children and so was not exposed to his mothertongue, Bengali.
In 1879, Dr. Ghose took his family to England. The boys were placed
with the Rev. William H. Drewett and Mrs. Drewett in Manchester. Sri Aurobindo
was hardly seven when he came to England and now began a period of intense
learning of languages like English, Latin and French as also subjects like history,
geography and arithmetic. No wonder he grew up practically as an English
child. Having made the necessary arrangements for the education of his sons,
Dr. Ghose returned to India.
Five years later, Sri Aurobindo went to London and joined St. Pauls
School, London. Founded in 1509, the School had been giving value-based
education for boys in their teens. When Sri Aurobindo joined it, it was known as
one of the nine great public schools of England. Here was a perfect student for
a perfect school and Sri Aurobindo made rapid progress. He won the Butterworth
Prize for Literature and Bedford Prize for history. The Head Master, Dr. Walker
took special interest in him for the Indian boy showed exceptional talent not only
in studies but in handling the English language creatively. By the time he was
nineteen, Sri Aurobindo had quite a wide and deep knowledge of the Classics in
Greek and Latin and had got acquainted with Italian and German as well.
Having procured a scholarship, Sri Aurobindo entered the Kings College,
Cambridge. Here too his academic work was very satisfactory and he even
passed his preliminary test for the I.C.S. His brothers also were doing very well

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in their studies. However, behind all these academic successes was the harsh
reality of being left to fend for themselves in an alien land by their father. Dr.
Ghose was a hard-working doctor but the income was not enough and there was
an increasing burden on his resources, both financial and emotional, when his
wife, Swarnalata became mentally unstable. The boys managed somehow with
their scholarships though often it was terrible to survive the English winter with
their poor clothing and inadequate food. For Sri Aurobindo these prolems that
came upon him perhaps hardened him to face immense challenges successfully
in the future.
Dr. Ghose, however, kept up a correspondence with his children. As the
years passed, he became less of an anglophile and there were stirrings of
patriotism when he saw the Britisher ill-treat the Indians and exploit them as
well. In a bid to educate his sons to face the Indian conditions since they would
be returning soon to take up jobs in their motherland, Dr. Ghose sent them
newspaper cuttings of what was happening in India. Sri Aurobindo derived
inspirations from this correspondence. This led to his giving nationalist speeches
in the Indian Majlis, an organisation founded by Indian students in 1891 at the
Cambridge University. Majlis is a Persian word meaning assembly and it was
here that students debated and improved their skills in communicating through
English language. Among such students mention may be made of Subhas
Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru. The students were addressed by visiting
Indian dignitaries like Lala Lajpat Rai and Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Sri Aurobindo
was no doubt an eka-santha-graahi. Along with his academic studies, he made
rapid strides with his knowledge of the state of the Indian nation as well. The
stirrings of nationalism in him had its quick effect on his immediate future. He
rejected the Indian Civil Service as that would mean being a servant of our
oppressors. Instead he took up service in the State of Baroda and returned to
India in 1893, having passed the Classical Tripos in the First Division., and also
secured a prize for Greek and Latin iambics.
Altogether, Sri Aurobindo had spent fourteen years in England all by
himself not meeting even his parents. The only relations he knew in the foreign
land were his two brothers but each of them was busy in his own way.
Astonishingly, he was not de-nationalised at all. He may have dressed as an
Englishman but he thought as an Indian. As an I.C.S. probationer, he had begun
to learn his mother tongue, Bengali. Obviously he was clear about his future
allegiance: it would be to Indian culture, not the West. He indicates this in a
poem which he wrote on leaving England. He speaks of the poems he had
written, poems which were basically a recreation of the Western ambience, chiefly
Greek. But now he was going away, probably for good. The concluding lines of
the poem, Envoi makes it clear how he is turning from the West to the East:
For in Sicilian olive-groves no more
Or seldom must my footprints now be seen,
Nor tread Athenian lanes, nor yet explore
Parnassus or thy voiceful shores, O Hippocrene.

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Me from her lotus heaven Saraswati
Has called to regions of eternal snow
And Ganges pacing to the southern sea,
Ganges upon whose shores the flowers of Eden blow.
Two major experiences confronted Sri Aurobindo when he landed in
Bombay. Probably he was worrying about the future and how he had remained
totally alienated from his natal culture. But all anxieties were set at rest once he
landed on the Indian soil. According to him, when he disembarked in Apollo
Bunder a vast calm descended upon him and surrounded him and remained
with him for long months afterwards. The child had come back to its mother, at
long last.
His return also made him face a great tragedy. Dr. Ghose who had
been ill and was looking forward eagerly to his sons return died of shock when
he learnt that the ship in which the young man was traveling had sunk in the sea
and all lives were lost. In a letter written to his brother-in-law some months
earlier, Dr. Ghose had said proudly:
Ara, I hope, will yet glorify his country by a brilliant administration. I
shall not live to see it, but remember this letter, if you do. I tell you what Oscar
Browning, the great son of the father, said to him when he was at tea with one of
the dons of his college (he is at Kings College, Cambridge now, borne there by
his own ability): I have been examiner for scholarships for 13 years and during
that time there was not presented papers like yours, and your essay was
excellent.
Actually, Sri Aurobindo was traveling by another ship. If he had lost his
father, his mother was also almost lost to him, as her mental illness had become
acute and she could not recognize in the grown up young man her little Auro. It
is not very clear what she was contending with; perhaps it was hysteria leading
to fits and bouts of violence. Dr. Krishnadhan loved his beautiful wife who could
write fiction and set up dramas. Whether it was a weakening of the physical
frame due to repeated confinements or whether there had been a history of
mental depression in the family, the result was sad. After reporting at Baroda,
Sri Aurobindo went to Bengal to see her but she could not recognize him easily
and she was convinced that this was her Auro only when shown the mark of a
cut on his finger that he had sustained when very young. Swarnalatas father
Rajnarain Bose and brother Jogendranath must have provided the healing touch
for Sri Aurobindo in the days that followed.
Sri Aurobindo settled down to his work in Baroda. The Gaikwar of Baroda
was pleased with his quick grasp of the various aspects of administration and
ability to drawing up documents. Meanwhile Principal Tait of the Maharajahs
College recognizing the multi-pronged scholarship of Sri Aurobindo suggested
his helping in the College as Professor of English. By 1904, Sri Aurobindo had
become the Vice-Principal of the College. Occasionally he would go to help the
Maharajah with government work or fine-tuning the language of official documents
and papers. Often the Maharajah would invite him for breakfast to talk over
administrative matters. During his Baroda days Sri Aurobindo was taken by the
Maharajah to at least two places for holiday, Naini Tal in 1901 and Kashmir in 1903.
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As a teacher of English and French literature he became an instant success.
He would be remembered for a long time as the best teacher they had come
across by his students, as recalled by the famous politician, writer and visionary,
K.M. Munshi. A students of those days, Mr. Patkar writes:
In the beginning he used to give a series of introductory lectures in order to
initiate the students into the subject matter of the text After preparing the student
to understand the text he used to start reading the text, stopping wherever
necessary to explain the meaning of difficult and obscure sentences. Then
dictate general lectures bearing on the various aspects pertaining to the text.1
Sri Aurobindo loved books, reading and writing. But he knew that the
future of India lay in action, not in the hands of mere bookworms. Hadnt he
benefitted from the exposure in the Indian Majlis? According to K.R. Srinivasa
Iyengar,
The influence Sri Aurobindo exercised on his students was not of course
confined to the class-room, important as it was; he was, besides, the Chairman
of the Baroda College Union and Debating Society, and this brought him into
contact, though less frequently, with the entire student body. He had to introduce
visiting lecturers to the Union; he had to regulate the course of debates in such
a way that the best in the students came out and they didnt miss the spirit of
intellectual inquiry in the excitement of the moment. His own speeches though
they were not many were doubtless memorable events in the history of the
Union..2
One of the important steps he took when entering the Baroda service
was to get a tutor to teach him Bengali. He could read and write in Bengali by
now but naturally, he wanted to be good at it since that was a gateway to the
best in Indian literature. Soon he was learning Marathi and Gujarati as well. He
plunged into Sanskrit studies too and began to translate passages into English
as part of his studies. He who had been engaged with Greek, French, Italian and
English poetry now familiarized himself with Valmiki and Vyasa, Kalidasa and
Bhartrihari. He had a very comfortable salary, a good bungalow to live in and
enough space and more to keep his import of books for reading as he was now
not only a professor but was also a journalist, having begun his innings in Indu
Prakash a few months after he came to Baroda. All this gave him no interest in
housekeeping as such and the home was a typical bachelors establishment.
His Bengali tutor Dinendra Kumar Roy who lived with him has left behind some
reminiscences:: Desireless, a man of few words, balanced in his diet, selfcontrolled, always given to study Sri Aurobindo is not a man of this earth, he
is a god come down from heaven by some curse.
All this is an understandable introduction to the life of the future
Mahayogi. But, Sri Aurobindo had divine unpredictability about his life which
came to the fore when he threw away the chance to become a member of Indias
Steel Frame, a member of the Indian Civil Service. Now we see him in 1901
advertising for a bride. Nothing to be wondered at though if we get at the

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background of his writing exquisite romantic poetry on the theme of Ruru and
Pramadvura. He personally selected Mrinalini, the beautiful fourteen-year old
daughter of Bhupal Chandra Bose who was living in Ranchi. As desired by him,
it was a Hindu marriage with Vedic rites. The great scientist Sir Jagadish Chandra
Bose and his wife attended the wedding that was solemnized in April 1901. After
traveling to Deogarh to meet his family, the newly weds spent a month in Naini
Tal. As Mrinalini was very young, Sri Aurobindos sister Sarojini also went with
them to give the needed help.
It seems to have been a happy marriage with Mrinalini trying to become
a perfect housewife, though she must have stood in awe of her husband. He
was a very affectionate husband always addressing her as dearest and signing
as your loving husband when writing letters. As the years passed by, however,
Sri aurobindos homelife became more irregular due to his political activism. He
was going around giving lectures, sometimes would go away for several days
on political work. During such sojourns he would leave her either in her natal
home or with his people at Deogarh. Nirodbaran, a prime disciple of Sri Aurobindo
writes that it was like the marriage of Sati and Shiva:
Her entire married life of 18 years was practically passed alone. Her
husband was plunged in political work, later in deep meditation on the Supreme
in the far South while the wife exiled from him in the North-East lived meditating
on him, her single thought dwelling upon her Shiva who had made her his
companion, but who could not give her company nor any safe refuge of her
own.
Then the day arrived in 1918 when Sri Aurobindo wrote to her that she
could come and join him in Pondicherry. My tapasya is fulfilled. I have attained
Siddhi. Come, be a help in my vast work. As a very happy Mrinalini prepared
to go to Pondicherry escorted by her father, she fell ill with Asian Flu in Kolkata
and passed away on 17th December. She was 32. The loss touched Sri Aurobindo
deeply as can be seen in his letter to his father-in-law: :I should be glad if you
would send me two or three of her books, especially if there are any in which her
name is written. I have of her only her letters and a photograph.
It may be remembered that when Sri Aurobindo was in Alipore jail (19081909), a distraught Mrinalini was taken to Mother Sarada Devi. The Mother
spoke to her loving words that calmed her and assured her that Sri Aurobindo
will be declared innocent and released. However, she added that he will not
lead a worldly life.
Though Sri Aurobindo wrote letters to Mrinalini full of love, the idealistic
content could not have brought her any comfort. But she had total faith in him
and loved him no end. She did what she was told to do and helped the followers
of Sri Aurobindo when they were in need. Nor did Sri Aurobindo ever forget her
place in his life as may be seen in the paen to loving togetherness we find in the
Book of Love in Savitri.

.... to be Contd.

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13

C
l <skeTT $s

l |sXeTTeTVeT' kyT
yU ` <s\ $XH<Xs, sejT+|.

b<|sDyT
ne] : | XeTTq nCqeTTqT+& $eTT&q y eTT+jTeTT
\T>Tq #| &q~. Xe TTq nCqeTTjTT |]DeTeTTq w{XeTT\
L&q |+&eTTq+< (J$+jTT+& >H) |sX e TT $CqeTT \T>eq n{y
$Xs|eTT (dseTT) |sXeTTeqe Hs&Tq #|&T#Tq~.
X |+& c{- dqe$es|s |+#u+~j&
|+d dD # c+& e>TsTe#Hs $CjTd #Y
H|HdT|$TsT|eq+<X+s`
d+ c&_qeT]' |se d T< $Xs|MTjY 8
||<seTT : ndH R , c{ R iT XeTT\T >\, qe$es|s R
=$T~ s+<eTT\ |DyTq, |+#u+~j& R nsTT<T ueTT\
+~jTeTT\ L&q, |+d R |+*+>eTT >\, dD R d *+>eTT>\, c+&
R q|+d *+>eTT >\~jTT Hq, n R , |+& R |+&+&eTTq,
c&_qeT]' R iT $<e TTq eTsT\ T >\, nHdT |$T sT|eq+<
X+ s' R nqeTjT bDeTjT, eTHeTjT, $CqeTjT XeTT\T, k{
q+<eTjT XeTT ei> >\ XeTT\ deTVeTT >\, yT R e, q
n| R me #Hq, e>TsTe#H' R |se& n #|<q >TsTe jTT
e\, $CjTd #Y R *jT&q y&e>T<Ty, d' R , T<' R
*dqy&T, $Xs|yT R $XyT s|eTT> >\ XseTTqT, jY R
b+<TqT.
seTT : |+&+&eTT iTXeTT\ qes+<eTT\ |+#ueTT\
+~jTeTT\ L&q{~ . +<T iT$<e TT\T> _qeTTq eTsT\ T >*q
XeTTeH&T. |+&+&eT |\Te&T <VeTTq+< XeTTeHiq y&T
$Xs|&q XeTTy >\&T.

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1
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$esDeTT : |+#X+s] n, |+#XeTT\T, nqeTjT, bDeTjT,
eTHeTjT, $CqeTjT, q+<eTjT, HeTeTT\T >*q~. |+#X
$\DT&, |+&+&eTT |+#XeT n< >+<eTT\+{ <<|> f
#|&q~. XeTTq |+&eTT (|+&+&eTT) c{eT #|&q~.
XeTTq >& <T XeTT\ |s #|&q$. ie XeTT |sT #|&<T.
w{XeTT\ c&_qeT]jT q< #|&q~. nCqeTT ej
$<s|eTTq ~$<yT jTT+&TqT. y n$<s| (<sD)
q+<XyT<e~ >eq ejs| (eTVsD) XeTT ie~ jT
#|q>TqT. leT<>e l<jT yK jT+<T >, sT~s, yT<, eTC, nd,
e+deTT iT XeTT\ #|&q~ eq |+&eTT c{eTT. 2. Je
<VeTT\T (|+&eTT\T) $<eTT\T (1) |+*+>eTT, (2) d*+>eTT, (3)
q|+d* +>eTT. y eqe <V eTT qe$es| seTT n Xe TTq #| &q~.
qe$eseTT\q> qes+<eTT\T. y H={ }seTTq nq> seT<eTTq
>\ Vs+<eTT. eT<eTTq nq> eTTKeTTq >\ s+&T #e\T, s+&T qT\T,
s+&T eTT |eTT\TqT HsT yTTyT&Tq$. n< s+<eTT\T
eT\eTeTT\T $d]+#T q$ s+&T yTTeTT =$T~ s+<eTT\T >\ <VeTT
qe<seTT\T>\ q>seTT q>seTTqT sC\T qT <VeTT H Je&\T#T+&TqT
n |sXeTT# *jT&T#Tq~. |+&+&eTT V+&eTTqT c{yT n
#|eqT n$<s| (<q+<sD) XMTXsTq < ie XeTT
jTT |sT #|be# *jTT#Tq~. c& _qeT]' n #|#
nqeTj<q+<eTj+ |+#Xb<T\ <T u<eTT\T y e+{
ejeTjTXb~ Xs u<eTqT \T|=q eq c& nqT |<eTT#
*jTCjT&q~. 3. nHdT |$T sT|eq+< X+s' nqT
dedeTTq |+# XeTT\ |sT #|&q$. q+<XeTT sT|eTeT
$X w + | & q ~. C> < e d Jeq q eTj T X_ e qeTT+& T qT.
nqeTjTX_eq eTq> d\ <V _eqeTT. n~ C><e k_e qeTT L&.
ned Je&T |+#+~jTeTT\ Xds s| sd>+<eTT\ qqTu$+#TqT,
n$ nqTL\eTTq|&T dTKeTT qqTu$+#TqT. dTKeTT $wjq+<
eTq&TqT. n~ DeTT. =|&T <T'K$TXeTT L& q>T#T+&TqT.
dTUqTueDeTTq eTT+<T yqT\ <T'KeTT+&TqT. n+<T# $E\T <
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15

C
dTUudeT+<TsT. C><ed e dbedqT $wjq+< eTT+&TqT.
<ed nq> q+<eTjT XeTTq |L\ $wjqTuyueeTTe\q
<T'UqTue eTT+&<T . eq n|&~jT q+<eTT> #TqT. n{ q+<eTTq
k{<T. eqH | Je&T ~+ q+<eTT qqTu$+#>sT#TH&T.
n~ deTT = >+qqT +&TqT. eq C>|eTT\ D
$wj q+<eTTq q n~ $\D eTT> qT+&TqT. eq q+<eTT sT|eTeT
#|&q~. 4. e&T c&_qeT] n #|&H&T. |+# ueTT\T, eTT
yTTeTT iT eq |seTT\T. eT<s~ C|s+ #eTTiT. n$jTT
e |seTT\T |seTT i+{ e&T iT $<eTTq _qs|eTT\T
<]+ jTTqTbd\T u$+#<sT.
L&qT *+>eTTH eTijTT ">&q ~+~jT|+#$TH
L&q y<TueTT\T XeTTiT qysTs+<eTT
L&q sTT{ |+&eTTq" >&q w&< _qeT] jT
y&== y d<TZsT|H >qT $E&T $Xs|&.
ne] : | XeTTq q c{ |+&eTTqH e k]+#T =q C
$Xs|eTTqT b+<Tq #|&q~. XeTTq $Xs|eTT $e]+|
&T#Tq~.
X dsX! l|sX! uTequeqejT' XjTdq+<' l|s<' se~$uy e+' +'
$C' dT' ds| jT~ e>TsTD $X<X||+#'
kC]HH $<< $<Tc jq' de eTT'
9
||<seTT : dsX! R z dsXs!, l|sX R l|s|u!, uTequeq
ejT' R jTeTT nqT ueqeTTqT y\sTT+#T, se~$uy' R n+T
yueeTT>\, nq+<' R nq+ yTT<\>T, +' R n+eT+<T>\,
e+' R ese_e +\T, l |s<' R l |s yTT<q,
e+' R eei>\ X \ T, R jTT, Xj
T ' R X \ T, e>TsTD
R e>TsTe jTT nqT>VeTT #, ds| R ds|eTT q+<T, $C' dT'
R * j T & q y q #, $X < X | | + # ' R < X | | + # e TT\q+{ ,
kC]HH R q jTqT y\T>Tq $qyTq y>, $<< R

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16

1
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#jTTqT, k @e R n~jT, $<Tw' R CjTq, jq' R j, eTT' R
eTT.
seTT : z dsXs! l|sXs! |s, #, Cq, j, +&*, e
nqT |sT >\ l|s<T\T (X\T) n+T $ueeTT >\$. nq+~e\
n+eTTq nqTe +&T# nq+<T\T +eTT\T. n$jTjTT
>TsT|# ds|eTTq *jT&q yq# $XeT+<* <X||+#eTT\jTT
k C $qeTT\> T qT l| s < T \T nq+< T \TH q e \ T
(e+\T) #jTTqT. nT #jTT y $ueeTT se~eTT. n$ uTeq
ueqeTTqT e++|CjT>\ X\T. eqH $X ds|eTTqH n$ jTjTT
$qeTT\>T CjTq j eTT \_+#T.
$esDeTT : l XeTTe dsXsT&T. V+&eTT\ ne\qTq l|seTTq
&T |uTe. |s, #, j, Cq, +&*, e nqT HeTeTT\T >*Z
|s ~jT+<T e n+eT+<T>\ X\T uTeqeTqT ueqeTTqT
e++|Cj
T TqT. ] < kC jT+<T $qeTT #jT TqT. y yu e eTT
se~eTT. |\jT\eTTq X\T deTd <X||+#eTT\qT ks|&q
e jT+<T \sTT+|Cd ] dw\eTTq VsZeTT #jTT#T+&TqT.
XeTTy HqqT CqeTT \ j L& <X ||+#eTT\ $qyTTq]+ eTT
*+#Tq yX. 2. XyT ns||+#eTTqT d+#T e eq ns~
sq eseTT\ e n e\T n |sT @s&jTTq~.
X||+#eTTq +{ eT\ XeTT y |s jTq&TqT. n~ dc~
lXeTTeq+< qyT jTT+&TqT. n uTeqeTT\ d+#T# @s&q|&T
|s (X) X |X+ jT>TqT. n~ lXeTTe jTT #X |]DeTeTT.
sTy |X+ eT<eT jT>TqT. <X #X# #qyTq (_q)
;eTT ~<u eT>TqT. XeTT nseTT nqT u<eTTqT b+<TqT. nT u~+|
&q|&T <>X u<yTs&TqT nq> CqX $d+#TqT. sTy
eT<eT yK]> |]D$T+#TqT. yK] jT ns~ sq e. ~
lXeTTe jTT jX s|eTT eq deTdyTq ns||+#eTT d+#T
VTe. n+<T#H ns~ sq e\T $XeTTq e\T nq> e
(+)\T. eq +\T n XeTTq |s=q&q~. eTs= $<eTT>,

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17

C
|sX, #X, CqX, jX, +&*X, eX nqT iT X\T
|s<T\T e+\T. _q_q +Xg >+<eTT\ e\ |sT
_q_qeTT>qTq$. l\* dVd HeT keTTq $X~ #eTT yTT<{
e n. < |sT neT n, neT~ eTVX d+e nqT HeTeTT
*jTCjT> keTTq < |sT nq+ n #|&q~. es e
< |sT n #| &q~. Xe TT ks | j+eTT. 2. ||+ #kseTTq
@~eseTT\T z+s |ueeTT\ #|&q~. nq> e (ese\) z+s
|ueeTT n #|qfq~. z+seTT q+<* nseTT qT+& |~ V\\T,
seTT qT+& |~ $w\\T, eTseTT qT+& |~ sT<\\T, _+<Te qT+&
H\T>T (Xs) \\T, H<eTT qT+& 16 (d<e) \\T |{qT #|&q~.
XeTTq nq+<' n es(e\) <e\ nq+ yTT<{< #|&>
||+#kseTTq yT e] <e> #|&q~. ||+#kseTT qqTd]+
nq+<' nqT bs e TTqT nq++' n d ] # d =qe# T qT. <
<skeTV] #| q nq+<\\T ++se TTq d++~+q$ e#TqT.
<T\T + #qT qH<T\q+\T l|s~ $
X~ X+u< eTV$uy~ X e
k<s<\ C ed+#<s+ #i+qH
y~ < <XeTT\ y\TsT eTTjTq+> ~jT. .... (dXw+)

`
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18

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lw #]+
& >*>TDXKsY, sT|.
eT&e d+<+
b dw\T sT. n$ 1. eTV+ - |syTXs k<+ >TDu<+
b+<TT+~.
2. <eCq jyTq nV+s +.
3. X ds s| sd>+<\H |+# H\ <eX L&q |+#u\
dw.
4. s CH+~j\ dw.
5. k - nV+s\ e\ |{q <e >TD\T - ~ eTHeTjT+.
6. bD deTV nCq q esD $b\T *+# eTd dw.
y dw\T eT&T
7. |P\T |PjTH |*+# s$, yT&, |qd, eTi yTT<q eqdT\T, |P
|* +q y+H q+# e&T, jTe\T, |d\T yTT<q zw<T \T, | m>u{
M\T e\, eT yTT<q r>\T, <&yTq y H\| y|+# <TT\T,
b<\T, |w+ |+&# e$T& yTT<q #T, ne #q+ | sT>T
yeTj |\ eyT dsCq+ * <\yq (=+& yTT) s
@&e dw. 8. s| nH Cq+ +&, Vs<T\+<T eyT d *,
ydq #d \TdT>\ y{ >Vd eTqdT #q #jT$ :- N*q
\Tq m<T, i, yT, +, |+~, +f, >TsTbT, q\#s\ <T|, bf\T
yTT<q =$T~, N\ \Tq >&<, >Ts+, +#s> &<, >seT>+, Xsu e T>+,
#eTeT>+ yTT<q sT, nsTT<T>q , q, &\T, |*, |*, +<\T,
@<T|+~, d+V+, , @qT>T, u\T, &TeTT yTT<q |H+&T - e
H\MT< d+#]+#$. yTTd* yTT<q \#s\T, s+<T, ><, =+>, &>,
\|, >_\+, HeT*, V+d, u>TZsT |, e, |, , >T&> yTT<q
X+ ]> s\T - nsTTq sy m$T~ u<\T m$T<e dsZ (dw.)

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19

C
9. eqedw - ~ sC>TD+ |s|+|&, s\T #jT&+ HsT>*+~.
<T'K+q dTK+ s~.

<edsZ+
m$T~ $<\T 1. $T<T\T 2. |<e\T 3. dTs\T 4. >+<sT\T,
n|sd\ T 5. jT \T, sd T \T 6. u | |X#<T\T 7. d<# sD $<<s T \T
8. qs +|sTw\T
s+u+ > qT qT dw+ #T+, sC>TD+ L&qy&,
dws> q ds|yT nsTTq $X *+#&T. XsT& ej $Xw+e\
dw - q<T { dT&T\ ]> #e eTT+<T yqT\T *jT+&
+T+~.
||+#+ |TqT >T]+ $<+> *jTCdq yTjTT&T s
\ \D $e]#&T.

\ds|+
u>e+T& dw n+T<T.
ds+ |d]+# deTjT+ eTq +{ +# q q
s DTe\ se u> |se DTe n |sT. |se DTe MT< dssD +
y| qT+ eTs= y| |jT+# d\eT |sT. s+&T
|seDTe\T nDTe. eT&T nDTe\T dsDTe. eT&T dsDTe\T
T{. qsT TT\T y<. eT&T y<\T \e+. eT&T \y\T yTw+.
eT&T yTc\T D+. nsTT<T D\T w. |~ w\T \|TTe.
|~VqT \|TTe\T H&. s+&T H&T\T eTTVAs+. H&\T sT
< @&T nsTT |Vs+. <H jeT+ < CeTT n+{sT. H\T>T
CeTT\T |>\T. eTs H\T>T CeTT\T s. s+& *d eqe\
~q+ neT+~. |~VqT ~H\T |+. X, w |\T n s+&T
|\T. s+& *d H\. ~ |<e\ ~q+. s+&T H\\T
TTTe. sTH\\T njTq+. s <D njTH\ s+&T *d |H+&T
H\\Tq d+es+ neT+~. d+es+ <e\ ~q+. (dsT&T
yTw+ yTT<q |H+&T sX\ |jT+# \+ d+es+. BH eTV\+
n+{sT.) qsT d+es\T eqe\ |sejTTe.

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ds>eTq+ e\ kseq+, #+<eq+, qeq+ nH u<\
d+es\+ @s&TT+~. ~ d+es+, |es+, &es+, nqTes+,
es+ nH nsTT<T u<\T * +T+~.
dsT&T \s|yTq q X Je dw nqTL\+ #dT+
jTTdTqT V]d, eqe\ $wjd |+#T, ]\T \y] jTC\
<s dsZ| deTLsTd X+ |sT>&TT+{&T. nTe+{
dsu>yqTD s~+#eT yTjTT&T $<TsT nH&T.
<e\ 360 sE\T (eqe\ 360 d+es\T) ~e d+es+
neT+~. jTT>+ H\T>Ty\ ~ed+es\ |eD+ * +T+~.
< d+<\+ m$T~ e+<\ ~ees\T. yTT+ 4800 ~ees\T.
jTT>+ 3000 ~e es\T. d+<\+ 600 ~e es\T. yTT+
3600 ~e d+es\T. <|sjTT>+ 2000 ~e d+es\T. d+<\+
400. yTT+ 2400 ~e es\T. *jTT>+ 1000 ~ees\T. d+<\+
200. yTT+ 1200 ~ees\T. d+<+X\ eT<\+ <s+ n~+>
|e]\TT+~. d+<+X n\+> +T+~.
u+, uTes+, ds+ +f |q d+ +T+~. n+<T
V ysTT #TsT>\T. (12000 ~e d+es\T, 43,20,000 eqe
es\T #TsT>+. 432 eqe d+es\T ysTT #TsT>\T)
>& d |>\ T neT+~. n> s|P L&. V ~d |j
T + edT+ ~.
yT+f \T eT |&sTT.
71 #T sT>\T eTq+s+ . n+f eTqTe J$\+. Te+{
14 eTq+s\T V ~q+. <e\T, eTTqT\T, d|sT\T u>e+T&
n+X eTqTe\T> |{ \qT b*ksT. eTq+s\ lV] |,
<e, |X, |, eqesb + X bsTw |b\ $X
|]b*k&T.
V s s>H ~k&T. n|& XkeTs\T n+<s+
e]+|&sTT. $we jTT Xs|yTq d+sD $+_dT+~. n
C\\T eTT\qT <V + yksTT. |j
T \+ |#+ & yjTTe\T MksTT.
yjTT y> b+q deTT<\T n+{ eTT+yksTT.

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21

C
eTVdeTT<+ eT< XwXjTMT< j><eTT~T& XjT+ q $we
<s+ n \T $\d\TT+{sTT.
eqe\ jTTdT qsTd+esqf V<e& |sejTTe L&
e+< d+es. n+<T yTT<{ d> |Ps |ss+ n, s+&e d>
~rjT |ss+ n+{sT. |Ps |ss\+ V\+ neT+~. \+ yTT<{
V |&+ e\ <|sT. BH XV+ n L& |s=+{sT.
n \ XjTyT +& |<+ |+HuT& H_ nH dsdT
qT+& <$+q \+ |<\+> |d~ >++~. ~rjT |ss+ yTT<
lV] esVs|+ <] +q|&T esV\+ neT+~. esV\yT |dT +
sT>T +~.
.... (dXw+)

eTT<\T
6. PRANA MUDRA - MUDRA OF LIFE
Method:
Bend ring finger and little finger and touch the tip of
thumb with their tips keeping the remaining two fingers
stretched.

Speciality:
As it is the mudra of life, it improves the power of life.
Weak people become strong. It reduces the clamps in
blood vessels. If we practice it regularly, we will become active.

Time Duration:
No specific time duration. One can practice it any time.

Benefits:
It improves immunity.
Improves the power of eyes and reduces eye elated
diseases.
It removes the vitamin deficiency and fatigue.

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22

1
nsY, 2014

u>eBZ ` jTeTT
` & ds<es s$esY, >T+sT.
u > e BZ bs \
u~+# $wj \ jTC#s D eTT
{. Ew<yT jTyT `
jTC d$+#T ` n y<eTT
|< dTq ~. (n<s `5`2`6`8)
jTC y XweT+ s nq
X | < uV De# H {
jTeTq> nTe T seTT. yT\T *+# s\ L& jTeTT\T
>H u$+#e#T. jTC#sDe\q CqdeTTbsq L& \T>TT+< jTYG
nq Xw \T|Tq~. <e|P, d+>sDeTT, <qeTT nq ns\T
>*q jT <Te e\q L& jT XeTT @s&TT+~. <seTTqT
{ jTeTTq <e\ dseTT, $$< e T |<s\ dsD , <qeTT sT>Tq
>V+#>\eTT. u>eBZ jTeTTqT >] #|Tq~.
jT<q|' s q + syTe Y
jTC <q+ |Xe beH eTwDyT (18`5)
jTeTT #jT<q s. ~ eTqTw\qT |$T\T> r]~<TT+~
n B ueeTT.
eqe&T |~qeTT |+#eTVjTC\qT #j\q~ XgsXeTT.
VjTeTT, <ejTeTT, | jTeTT, n~jT eTT, yX *<ejTeTT nq&
|+#eTVjTC\ <ejTeTTqT >T]+ u>eBZ u~+# $wj\qT
>eT<+.
jTeTTq nVAeTT =* yTT. nVAjT <ejTeT
|sT. nq> <e\ =s #jT& s. eT] <e\+f mesT?
nse y <e ds <e #+<e <e edy <e
sT< <e ~ <e eTsT <e $X<y <e Vdse +<
<e esTD <e (jTE. 14`20)

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23

C
n yTT+ 34 eT+~ <e\T (8eT+~ edT<e\T, 11 eT+~ sT<
<e\T, 12 eT+~ ~ <e\ *|) | eT+eTT #|&sT. MsT
~e>TDeTT >\ysT >qT <eHsT. <y <H< <H< B|H<
<TkH uer y n jdeTV] sTeTT <e \D s+#&T.
<e\T eqe J$eTT d++<eTT >\ysT. eqe\
dV jTsT\T. eqe\ <T deTd bDT\ L& dV jTsT\T. <VsD
u $T <e. bDT\ J$ eX |<s\q{ u yT deTLsTT+~.
n> n, yjTTe yTT<q$. ~e>TDeTT\T >\ <e\qT eTq+ +
|j+#T=+ y{ n|$+ #dTH+. Vs eT\+>qT,
eT+>qT, X<y jTTeqT u>T|Z \TdTyjTTe>qT esTTH+. eT*q |s#
&q j <e\qT d+d]+#{ nVAjT @sT #jT&+~.
jTjT n |w+ |*+|Cd < H, zw<T\qT VQT\T>
ksT. n VQ #jT&q |<s\T es\T e. n$ ne\q
deTT >* *d <s bDT\ Xs+ #] y{ s>,
#LsyT +{ XjTdTqT *ksTT. $wjT+ +~
^ X+ #|&+~.
<yH uejTHq <y uejT+T e'
|sds+ uejT+' XjT' |seTy|< (3`11)
eqes! jTeTT MTsT <e\qT u$+|&T. nq>
d+d]+|&T. n|&T <e\T $TeTT\qT <]+#TsT. nq> e~
#+~+#TsT. $<y T q |sd s ueq\ ` <sd s\ |se T XjT dTqT
nqTu$+TsT >! n ^ |<dTq~.
jTjT e\q d+d]+#&q u$T, yjTTe yTT<q <e\T
jTs\, ~sT\ wu>\qT ksT. { <e\# e&q
|<s\qT eTs\ jT+ <s y{ n]+#+& eTq+ nqTu$+#+
XjT ds+ <T. n #dq ysT <=+>q eTT #dq ys nes ^ |edTq ~.
cH u>H V y <y <d+ jTu$'
sY <q|<jTu j uT+ dq @e d' (3`12)
| P s + +{ + { j T j T s T > T +& ~ . \ y T D

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24

1
nsY, 2014
VAT\T =+<s +&ysT. sT\T e+&q Vs bsTT
MT< qT+& +~ ~+# eTT+<T Vs+ =~ u> n (bsTT)
ydysT. nVAjT >VdT\ sb+s+ yTTqyTTq{
es sT>T +&~. H&T #ss|+ L& n<XyT+~.
jTjT >VdT\ d+HdT\, j>T\ L& ses
n ^ #|Tq~.
nH' s|\+ s+ s s jT'
d d+Hd # j^ # q ssY q #jT' (6`1)
s| +#+& ses\qT #]+#ysT d+Hd, j
nq&sT. nsTT nVAeTT e+{ s\qT s $Vs\qT $&
|{q y&T d+Hd j &T n | X ue+. nVAjTqT
Xg$<H nqTd]+ #j*. y<yT jTjTqT |b~++~ qT
n+<T #|&q $<+>H < #]+#*. eTT\T > #]ksT.
|* b+<TsT. eT<qT\T &+sT Xg$<H b{+# nX<
#ksT. y] q yT\T \T><T.
nX<j VQ+ <+ |d|+ + # jTY
nd~T# bs! q # Y | H V' (17`28)
n+<T. nVAjTqT #jT y J$eTT sseT L&
^ #|Tq~. y|T+ bs! d Je n (3`16)
Te+{ jTeTT e\q *> |s ^ $e]dTq~.
jTCY ue |sH jT' sdeTT<e' (3`14)
nHq |d$w<yTw y-dweT<T (3`10)
eqe\T eTT jTeTT #jTT e\q yT|TeTT\T d\eTT @s&
es\T sTksTT. bDT\ VseTT \_dT+~. Te+{ jTeTT se\q
d+|qeTeT+~. jTeTT eqe\ ]\qT r] e~ *dT+~.
@c u>er dsH wr

` <M u>eyT.

This Divinity dwelling in all the principles of Existence.

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25

C
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l |+&+< >H< $syT

nX

<

ey
T
yU ` >]yT keTjE\TXs,
$jTy&.

<q>sDeTT ` euqeTT

ne] : e <qeTTqT d+b~+#T |DeTT\ y+& sT>T#T H+&\


+& yq\" <&d jT\ jTejTT#THe? e u+| eT jTT|<+#T
#TH"&T.
X >& j d|~`s&| edT`u&e<sH
k& < |q`>&--||ds`s&ew$'
eT&| yT |\ eT`>& se s`k& q $qT
<& H s`c&eTTK' d$T`y& d Vs' 7
yK : eT&! R z] eTsT"&! edT R <qeTTq+<T u& R me>
ne< R \T|"&q sH R |eT >\ y# j R # s& | R
s& |DeTT >& R |y+|" &q~. <qeTT q+<* yyVeTT# e
s& |DeTT" y+ e ueeTT. < R nT |q R dsT
jTT >& R $TyTq | R m+& jTT |ds R |kseTT# s& R
me jTq new R i| |< |< yq\ jTT $' R deTVeTT
k& R dV+|"&e\jTTqT. weT`VsD `n <Te. |DeTT\ H+&
e>" >jTT# yq\T L& He>" >T]jTTqT. jT+&\qT yq\qT
e dV+| e q ueeTT. n| + |\yT? R { u<\T dV+ L& H$T
|*eTT H=+<<e? n>& R eeTT> qTq s R eTTd*qeTT sk R
\# }& R <]+|"&q~. e eTTd*y"& e>T#TH e ueeTT. H' R
|T sT sT<e' `n jTeTseTT. <& R <VeTT #jTT y
~ eq $XwDeTT. jTqTq~ eTsD<T\ |\eTT. |T, #e
yTT<\>T d+ksu<\T +&" CjTTy"&T e"& ueeTT. R
|{+|"&q c&eTTK' R iT eTTKeTT\T >\ esk$T >\y"&T.

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26

1
nsY, 2014
wDTKTq q" & ueeTT. d$T R jTT<eTT d$T d$T<T<'
`n jTeTseTT. Vs' R +>sT |seTT jTT y& R yV"&T.
|sdTs d+>eTeTT yTsT|seTTqT $\T> eV+q y" & ueeTT.
d' R |d< T " &>T e"&T ' R m+<Te\q q $qT' R # dT +|"&"&T?
n{ e y+<Te\q qT+#T< ueeTT.
seTT : <qeTT d+b~+#T jT+ <e | >\y"&y e s&|seTT
y[$. |DeTT eT+&Tf+&\ +& eTTdTsTyq\" <&d$.
$<eTT>" >weTT \qTu$+#T e\q $T |\eTT <q~? e $T*
eTsT"&e. |D|jDeTT\ &* eTTd*y"& y$. +CeTTqT
e |se Te y\ dT +|e? n"&T qqeTsDs|eTT \>T d+ksu<\ qT
s|e| y"&T. wDTKeTT\T >\ esk$T" >q +&. jTT<eTT
yTsT|seTTqT $\T> <]+qy"&T. n{ e e =*q# weTT
\jTT" BsT q ueeTT.
$XweTT\T :
& <& H' nqT eTT~bs eT|bseTT. qT sqq H `n
jTeTs y jT+rXeTT\ qT+&T# ds+ eT>T qTXeTT qTs+eTT>
y&T eT\eTT eT>eTT. ~ yjTd>+& |]ws\ bsbT.
sT sT<e' `nqT XeTT# <& H' `nqTq< $bseTT.
s& |] :
~ |eTu+>\T q+<* |DeTT. bNq\eTT B dTV<X
eT eeVseTT. lw$TX\ |u<#+<<jTeTT s& |X+d >\<T.
s& ` d ` dTV' Xu yT~ |s $Xw' jT<`
X >&+ sh eTqTeT+ sT|e | s&|
u]XwHeT<eT |seT+ y q' |
TX eTV q $~' k c eT|
|Co\$y<s$qj#s sV+ #eT' (|u<`2`7)
|u<#+<<jT <+uyY n X\<TeTeTT.
~ jTV+syeTT <+uyeTT <T.
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27

C
s&.

Radha. F. beauty. splendour, L. (Some times wirtten rara. Name of a

district in the West of Bengal. C = Suhma)


(A Sanskrit - English Dictionary : Sir M.M.Williams.)

yTsT <qTe :
e"&T |sdTsT\ jTT<eTT #d q|&T u$T s<yTq~. ds#+<T\T
#eTT \sTTHsT. y<eTT\T >TieTTq$. V ks~ jTH"&T. yTsT|seTT
$q~. ydT $+{H] jTH"&T. leTV $we uD yTH"&T. <
|sD |d<eTT.
X eT eT] s<' Xsdq s'd+#] #<jT+
#+ ]V' Xs d<T<s d d<d Vj'
c yTe s' |<w ed' dd jTd X+
<e |]#<' d u>yH sY d< eT+>yT
nqT Xe TT |d< y T q <. e $+{ ydT H] jT H"&T. $+{H]
(ydT) \| s<eTT (u$T) >\<T. dseTT u$T yjTT#Tq~ ><!
yTsT|s eTT $q ~. yTsT |s sdT q" <D eTT #jT TysT ds#+<T\T.
ysT s<#eTT ]. #eTT |\ qTqy"&T XsyTH"&T. dsT"&T #eTT.
dsT qTqy"&T leTV$we. <jT' d< d$eT+&\ eT<e `n
<qXeTT. $wy eq uDeTsTTH"&T. $we qT<seT+ <Tqy"&T
dT" &H"&T. $we H;|<eTT q+<Tq V ks~ jTH"&T. ks~
eTTKeTT >TieTT \Tq$. V H\T>T eTTKeTT \+<T H\T>T y<eTT\T qTq$
><! VjTeTT\ (y<eTT\) s' kqeTT\ (|wT\) jT+ <e ydy
jT{ y|T #s+s<] jTq u>e+T"&>T e"&T e \|&T eT+>eTT
#LsT">! jT sT XeTTq ueeTT.
#
n<\ sT ] |sTT H<sTy >T $\T $+{+
>T<Ts>T H] H] >sT Xs+T Xs+T u&TqH
u<\T jT+ jT+ eTTKeTT ydeTT q >TieTT
#<s H{ | #jTTqj? ]C~HjT!
n s+>H<T #T<s.
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28

1
nsY, 2014
<\ s<eTT ` u$T (n#\). ]| H<seTT> qTq~ $\T ` yTsTe.
u <s e TT\T u $T" uq TqqT u $T <] +#Tqy <! $+{" E <TsTe"
E #TT= jTT+&T ydT (beTT) H]. H] (dseTT) ~+#T
y"&T ($we) uDeTT. uDeTT ($we) jTT u&T qT+& |{q y"&T
(V) ks~. ks~ (V) eTTKeTT\ yd eTTq$ (y<eTT\T) >TieTT\T.
jTT<eTT k<qeTT\T #~]b+& T |#dq ej! y! #|eTT.
n sT |<eTTq ueeTT. |< eT+ eTT |<>deTT.
|sdTs d+Vs>< d++~+q edT T \ { #eTs|< eTT
\HeTT\T >\e. .... (dXw+)

e# d+...

l D*dVdHeTy` sTT<jeT+sZyT

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29

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l \DB$s
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` yU ` & .$.jTdt.eT], u|
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q+<k>sde'

ne] : ne! e qH y
|k~ke. d+<V+ <T. nsTTH, H Xs+ |seT
|$yTq o eTD] |T+ |&bjTT
#jTe! n $ y&T+TH&T.
X ne <dd $eTTeT<| j#
e' Xs|q+ eTD]jyT
ndT deTqTeTqMTXsD+
<dd sse < dyT 26
|<$u>eTT : n, @e, <dd, $eTTyT, n<, n|, j#, e', Xs|qyT,
eTD]jyT, ndT, dyT, nqTeTqyT, XsDyT, <dd, ss,
@e, <, dyT.
nqjTeTT : e' n @e $eTT+ <dd. n< n| eTD]j+ Xs|q+
j#. XsDyT nqTeTq+ dyT ndT. < <dd ss @e
dyT.
nseTT : e' R ne! n @e R ueT+< / qH, $eTTyT R
ye TTqT, <dd R ke, n< n| R n~ +&T d yTq |{, eTD] jyT
R oeT+<* eTD] jTqT kq|TeTTq, Xs|qyT R Xs
$&|{\, j# R y&T+THqT, XsDyT R |uTe\, nqTeTq+
R BqT\qT <jT s+#+, dyT R eT seeTT, ndT R eTT, <
R n< $<+ >, <dd R deq, s s @e R #jT e\dq | #jT TjT,
dyT R qT #jTe\dq | neT+~ <! ne!
ueeTT : ne! e sT qH H y+ sTTke. < d+<V+#qT.
ne! H sT Xs o+ eTD]kq|T+ $&|fT
nqT>V +#eT b]dT H qT. |uT e\ <jT #|yT d<s +. n> <dT\
L& eTT #jTe\dq | #> s]+#yT < ne! #jTe\dq
<s+?

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1
nsY, 2014
$XweTT\T : 1. neT <jT#|yT due+ <s+ |e L&. qTH
>H |qjTTqL eTT \_dT+~. n> _& <dT d<s+
+T+~. neT> _&L& <dT&TL& d<s b{+#+ #d rs*.
n $q$+#+ <s \+s B T \T d<s <q + XjT ' nq ^y
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q* | ujT < |seT<s+.
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qT eTD] |T + Xs $&|{\ neTqT B T \ysT b]dT H sT.
n&>+< neT nsTTH |<T. nH HqT& >TsT e +T+~. qT djT+>
o d+<]+#>\H <! nH d+<V+ L& *Z +T+~. u>e+T
+& L& djT+> <\<H qeT+ BT\ y] { bsq
|]=*+~. ~ eTq+<seT b]+#e\d+< <!
ysD $Xc\T :
d+<T\T :
n G @e, n G @ R R ne, e~d+~
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ss G @e R G @ R R sse, e~d+~
dek\T :
Xsd |q+ R Xs|q+, wwTsTw dedeTT
dd + R d+, wwTsTw dedeTT
j |<\T : <dd ` <d<' ` <d<. \{ \seTT, eT<eT|sTw `
@e#qeTT. &T < x R <H n <Te, #T n
nseTT
j# ` j#eV ` j#eTV. \{ \seTT, eT
|sTw, @e#q+.
ndT / kY ` kyT ` dqT nd R uT$, +&T ` n
nseTT, { \s+, |<eT |sTw, @e#q+....(dXw+)
ds+ ejT jTYCqeTCqyT To know all as Maya is ignorance;
To know all as God is knowledge.
ds+ e Cq+ CqyT
` |ssVdyT

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32

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Vd\T

(8)

VdXvsuwyT
qucqTy<q deTxyT
yU ` yT#iT yv dTVDXd, H*.
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n+~+q uweTT, < yT#sTysT #dq +<qTy<eTT ` C
bs\ n+~+#&TTq$. Xg>+<eTT eq dT <w n<jTqeTT
#d k~+#e\dq< u$d....
` sys.
k<q>+<eT+&*, H* y] <s >+<s|eTT d+]+#T=q~. nedsyTq
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uwyT 33 : n| # V y< Ve ue (eTT..3.29) jTH #d
sD dH <w |ses (eTT..2.28) qq+ VD $<H q _u
X q (. .2.9), nuj
T + y q bb-d (..4.2.4) <qyTyy<V+ Vd, kseTueY (ydHsTT VD|. 1.4.10),
yV' ' X' @ eTqT|X' (..7) ee<' Xj
V$<qqs+ y+ <sjTq' eT< sqs+ ysjT. < <XH
TTwseT<e' ||<-V+ eTqTsue+ dsX (..1.4.10)
V<s qds uejs< sy qsy sDj<VsyT. jT< wH >jTr
w>jT s< s+ sqs+ Hd >eT. + V q' |, jk eT$<j' |s+ bs+ sjTd (|..6.8), X+. Ve yT
u>e<Xuds Xe$Y , k-V+ u>e' X#$T H u>yH
Xd |s+bs+ sjTT (#..7.13), deT~cjjT eTd' |s+
bs+ <sjT u>yH dqTes' (#..7.26.2) #ee<' Xj
y|q eeyTyCqd |\+ <sjT. < ##s|D+
Hj|+V+ dyT - <T'Kq|e<w$T<CHHeTTssbjT
< q q s bj < | e s Z ' (H.d .1.1.2) . $T< C H bj T X
V$CH<e.

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33

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nqT 33 : +> VeTT H]qy&T VyT n>TqT (eTT) V<sq+
s d\ s \T q+#TqT(eTT) Vq+<eTTqT b+~qy&T < uj
T |&& T ()
q! nujTeTTqT b+~$ () HqT VeTTq qT >T]+#qT,
n+<Te\q n<+ njTqT (ku) n# @eTTqT >T]+q y yV
yT$T{? XyT$T{? () yTT<\>T XT\T V$<q+s+ yeTTqT
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>eT+q yeT<e eTV] |*q HqT eTqTeqsTT, HqT dsT&qsTT
() n qTu e#qeTT\qT { >& V<sqeTT, <e\q eq
dseTT\ eT< ysT seTT M e *jTT#Tq~. m>+f \
b&T#TH&T nq# \&{ b&{ eT< >qs eTs=| #dq T
q&<T. e e +&$, e eTeTT\qT n$< e* &TqT #sTdTHe.
(|), MT e+{ V <w\qT+& $HqT - y XeTTqT <T&T (u),
u>eH! HqT X+ HqT. qqT eTsT XeTTqT+& e* &T #sT&T
(u) cjT+ =\q Hs<T u>yH dqTesT&T nCq bseTTqT
<{+#&T - (u) - +{ XT\T CH |\eTT y|+<eTT\qT
(<V<_eqeTT, <e\q e# s><c<T\T) =\+#+ eeT
#|Tq$. HjT<sH#sT&sTTq >eTT&T <T'K, q |e <w,
$T<CH\T ={ b s$ bT+f es n|esZeTT (yeTT)
n d+#&T. $T<Cq+ eeTT qT VyT nq dCq+ e\qH
bT+~.
uwyT 34 : q #<+ V$Cq+ d+|<|yT, jT< nqq+ y eTHqH $X<y nqqyT e d q + jT (..3.1.1) . q #<ds |yT
- jT< eTH VTbd (#..3.18.1) ~ V<X (#.
.3.19.1) # eTq ~~w V<w<d' H| $wj j>$TyT
- yjTTse d+es'Z bDye d+es'Z (#..4.3.1) eY. HbCyD ~
s eY svZd+ ks s|yT . d+|<~s| V V $CH- uT |>e TeH
eTd (#..6.8.7), nV+ Vd (..1.4.10), njTe V
(..2.5.19) eeBH+ yH+ VedT |b<q|s'
|<deTqjT' |&. _< V<jT><H dsd+Xj' (eTT..2.2.8)

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nsY, 2014
#eeBq $<e|\XeDqT|sT<sH. V y< Ve ue
(eTT.3.2.9) # e eB < y | e # H d + | < ~| q
keTxdH||<sH. kq d+|<~s|+ V $CqyT.
nqT 34 : VeTT f n |b~+|&q~. $CqeTT
d+eTsTTq< > d+|<|+<T. (d+|Y n+f n\eTsTTq $wj
>=|< n_q+> u$d bdq #jT+) < eTqdT nq++.
$X<e\T nq+eTT. eTqdTqT $X<e\T> bdq #jTTy&T
nq+ > \T#T=+{&T () (+<T n\eTsTTq eTqdTqT $X<e\
deq+> #jT+ d+|Y, n qT V+> >=|#d #|+ <T) >
~ n<ds|+ <T. ( edTe q+<T sedTeqT u$+#+ n<d)
< eTqdTqT VeTT> bd+#+&, ~T VeTT> bd+#+&
(#).
eTqdTMT< ~<T\MT< V<w n<d #jTT. $w jT
q d++< { #|+ <T. < yjTTe d+esZeTT bDeTT
d+esZeTT(#+) (d+esZeT+f |d+V]+#~. yjTTe |\jT+ n yTT
q |d+V]+#T=+T+~. bD+ < y yTT y{ q
eTT&TdT+~. d+esZ+ #jT+ e\q bD yjTTe> bd+#*. n
V+ n+f e~ n ns+ qT e~ nH jT d++<+ e\q Je\qT
V+> bd+#eT #|+ <T). n> H jTeqTs\T #&eqT
nq $~> s e\dq He+{ |<s\ d+kseTT =i $~+q~
<T. n JeV - nu<CqeTT @s+>|<seTTqL d+ks+ ><T.
Vu<Cq+ |q #|q d+|Y yTT<\>T y{ @<
s|eTsTT y<+ ydeTqjT+ <s<T. VeTTy (#+) HqT
VeTTqT () V () yTT<\>T yeTT\T Vfq
#|HsTT. V<sqeTsTT V<jTd++<eTsTTq nV+seTeTs
s|eTsTTq nCq>+~ $&bT+< dsd+XjTeTT\T $bjT (eTT+)
#|q n$< u+>s|eTsTTq |\X y\T <se VeTT H]q y&T
VyT n>TqT (eTT+) yTT<\>T |\XT\T d]> <se. qT Vu<
Cq+ d+|Y, n<d\e+{$<T.
.... (dXw+)

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35

\q\ \e+ ` XXe\\T


` & seT&T>T y+fXsXs, >T+sT.
yk k++ #~$ Hqq+, neTq+ nqTu$+TsT >. `sys
nj< |yTw ]+~. d\, , dT$T bjTd uD+ #XsT.
seT`\D, us`XT|TT\T<$+#sT.
+ CC! eT\<D! CC! eT>seT<! CC! c!
lC~bqjT uC \>ud |Py! CC! (n.K+. ` | 78)
n n+'|s d\ T C\b&sT ` |< + |Psu>+ ` bq>] u>e+
+<|< |Psu>yT (10 d+ ` 189 |). se<T\T ` $XH<y] C\b
|<+ |Psu>+ $ <bs. su>+ $ <bTq se<T\T
*|& LsT+{s ` n e >TsTesT\T #s uy\T seTV+>sT
k] #eT]+#sT. nsTT ` ue|s+ > #d ` s r w' n+< ]+#y&T
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#| &+ nd\T <X + . $XH<y sT ` bq u>e+ \seTw\ XX e \\qT,
T\d<dT seT#]eqdt se<T\ XXe\qT <w |T=j |sD
\e+ se<T\ XXe\* e]+#sT. <w #d | +<+ s+&e
b<+ ue+ +> nH|dTeTyT. ~|e+XsE\H r>\ =d| |+#
ePe> u\seTT u$+#sT ` d+u$+#sT ` $XH<y sT. seTT&T | |Ps+
` ~b~ sE\ L&q<H e+X \ dqHq<! seTT&T |Py |{q sH
e+X+ |++~. Te+{ ueq nH|dTeT+. | +<+ yTT<{
|Psb<+ q ese+, *+ ` X|s+>, s+&T u>+ s u>+ eTq
#e\ $q|&<T. n+<T sD+ ` $XH<y] =|&T ueeTT \<T
Xy T s>H .
.^us\"&H]q u|dTT\T\jTT, T*f <\T#T+&
e #q u b*X+=&TeT d\T> #|(n.K+.` | 78)
X+ ` dTs_ nqT>V+ <Xs<T |{q LTs, seTb< eTVsE
<| n, TTwX+> eTV] us n #TsT. X+ =&T |s $T{ *jT<T.
eTq =+#+ |< |\\T ` +{ q |d|\\ #w* ` |<$ #dT=
$+> #T +&& #d +{+. n~>! $wj H #bsT ` $XH<y sT
` | |<+. ~ $XH<y] |]o\H<w <sq+.
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36

1
nsY, 2014
Xe H{ H"&T B|[l eyT eTT
>XHsw\" \]+#T qT\H >+#+>, qe+>qTH
>TX\+Tq H] >Ty&\H >sT+& s+sd
sX <T ` *+> $wjTyVs b>K (n.K+. ` | 79)
u\se<T\T LsT+&|&T \T>T<X+ y| q z+s
ds|\T> Hs. C>> LsT+& |d|\* |]o*+#+&. z+ s+>H
+{sT ` y sdT\T \Te> q <V\ ` H\ q |sT<T u>\
ne. ~ $XH<y] edT |]o\HX sD+. nd\T ` seTT&T ` $we
nes+. z+s ds|yT><! $w+Xq \D, us XT|TT\T >& z+s
ds|. d+<VyTeTT+B? +<T.
+ q #+ HT=q`jT# H&TqT ds jTqqT y
jTqT"C\ <s " &y` jTTqT _&\ ` X+ =&T i m>TsT#TH (|79)
eTq |d| \ * mT =q& |jT +# |< |\\ <sD ee T+~
` |<+ ` eTT>yVque+. bs\ # nqTu k+~.
eT
<sDH esT\H q\TesH <"p#T"<"p#T u
dTsT\H eTTesT sDT\H _\T#T#TH p|+#T" p|+#T"<
s|<+T\ qT \Ts\+ >++#T" >++#T" +
~sT =yH\\\+ <d |+> q$+#T#TH (| 79)
# *q d+H, n+<TH |dy] #dT+Tq z
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b+<&+ <T ` q us* eTTe] |* #|+ eT |\\ #w\
eTT]dbTH&T. |<+ "p#T, "p#T, #|+#T, #|+#T,
++#T, ++#T, j|<\T ` | |qsT |<\T> |dTHjT
~>TDyTq <Xs<T q+<qTu <sD\T. + <Xs<T&T @qT>q+
q+< b+<&q& d#+> # eTue y&&+ nH~ $XH<y]
#+< W |]CH #{ #T+~.
+ _&\ #T\T yT&qT q&eTT> yd=+#T HkdeTTH
>&eTT >&eTTqT> T&b\eTT b\eTT>" #=H (| 80)
|< + e< <Xs < T nryT q |y\s|bseX#w ns +.
|< #~$, uy eTq+ >& nqTu #T= q+~+#e\d+<!
sTDl nHsT ><! nqTu y yD ` eTT<Td* eT>&T [ {q n+<\

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37

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sD n ` d+<s+ ~ $XH<y] nqTu $ sDyT neT+~.
Te+{ |<\T XXe #cesq # HsTT.
.^ seT#+<T+&T dseTs+T #T ##TqT ` sTw =q
\DT"&T eTT\TqT Ce &$Tp#THesq+>q\T <qTH=q (| 80)
k<sD+> @&~| ejTdT>\ |d|\\T ` yqT mesH mT+f
#\T ` y] sdT\q, eTTL #e* &$T #ksT. ~ eTq+<] nqTueyT.
n~>! <X $XH<y sT | ^ |< + \+ #XsT. nsTT ` $w+ >
#w\ <s u$w<qT d#q #XsT. |sTwesH mT+f #\T ` |d
seTT&T ` |sTw\ \* q s+&T #T\ #k&. n+f u$wT
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< d#q #jT&+ nH~ de\D+ ><!
* #+qT+& +&| iTqT +& #+qT+& *|
qTiTq+d| qd qe\T ~jTT seTTqqT HyTT j (|80)
|<+ seTT&T mTy] #_&> |dTH&T. ~ u\seTT&
f #wqT $XH<ysT y\~ |<+ e]+#sT. uy nqTL\yTq,
d] >*+# #+<dsD+ #jT&+ +<* $Xw+.
q&Te> H]s+\\q q&|+|> seT#+<T\TH
>&T= jT+>q seTT">= eT<qT" TM&qH
&qT> qe#TH |d+<T> ls|TTseTeT] eT"
&&T>T\T yd +<" &T qf eTT "qT>H (| 80)
u\seTT&T n&T>T\T yd q&e& |jTdTH&T. jTq djT+>
|jT+#&+<T. n+'|s+\T #sTT |T= q&|dTHsT. eT<eT<
d\T #sTT e<T\TTHsT. qe u\seTT&T djT+> eT&T n&T>T\T yd
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+~. XXe\ $XH<ysT yeTHes dT]+| CdTHsT. yeTqT&
$eTT& |sT+~><! jTT&q lseT#+<T&T u$ wT seD~ <Tws d T *
d+V]+ ne|seT+ $eTT&T qTH& *jTCjT&yT. n+<T,
<s$>VQ&q lseTT&T $w nes+ ><! $ws|qo\' n ><! ns+.
y|qo\+ u\seTT T&T& q&\, yeTHes s|yTq b*

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38

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nsY, 2014
dT]k+~. +{ ue |]eT #+|e\ +| k+|\ e]+q
$XH<ysT +> $deT ><!

<sTeTj\K&ZeTT \T<s qysTD esseTeTT


ls|TTseT#+<Tq" C =d+>"> H&T eTTU+
usTVeT+<T" >d\qT" +#T#T" >[ $ K&Z<
ssT i eqesVeTT> u<]+#T">+\H
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u\ ls|TTseT#+<T &T& &y ` =jTq, &q
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n n|dT + ~ ` eTq. qT |d# w m+ < d]e T++ n >V +#*.

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39

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& s+&T ksT |j+|&q nqq |qsT <wjTT+ < >V+#*.
dyX $XH<ysT ` bq>] u>e+ u\w & #jT& jTX<
XeT|&q d+|TqqT |sD> rdT= s+#sT. $XH<ys nqT> +{
sDjT dyX\qT u uejTT+> s+q bq \T>T\ |D|{ ><!
+>.

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40

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nsY, 2014
X

H eTT\T +& |sesj? <#e\T H


`H|s qeT>\q"> H*+<* d\" <+
&! H> ` qq"usTTs qT\H s" >d\ H"
>H qT jTeTH jT |uTH >d\ eTT<&&H (|\T 81,82)
+<T d\ ` q |ds eTT& e* |*+# \T>T *> |dT + ~.
seTT&T eNs |\T\qT ` eTT<T\T eT\T >f e{& \T>T |dy&T>
|k&T. =|&T e* |\Tb @& u\seTT&> L& |k&T
` * d\ |s$T n&+~. seTT&T nq& <T\T> seTT\T nH&T.
ds, +&>] |s$T{? n n&+~. <Xs<eTVsE nq& <T\T>
<#e\T nH&T. |]o*d |dy #eT+~ \T>T s|qT |\TsT.
< <T\T> \ s |\TsT. n|{ y] #sDejTe+ nH
+T+~. eT]! ds! H |s$T{? n n&+~. d\ n |\& <T\T>
neT>\T nH&T. neT>s |dy& <X+. <T H |sT d\ nq~.
eT&s * u\seTT&T sT |T H&T. n|& eeT] d\ HqT d\qT
qT! neTH n u\seTTD eTT<&TT+<. nd\T ` d d\ nq
X+ # yT*\T >*q d+jTT es+ L&q~. |\\T |\TsT. n+<T `
< |s+ > eTs $Xw+ +~. $XH<y sT ` u\+&+ ` wK +&+ <Xs < T
eTT>TZsT us* >T]+ |]#jT+ #d d\ eTT +deqs (7 |<+) n
nHsT. |]D |E\ \_+# eTT + |dy & m \_dT + ~? #| +&! n+<T
u\seTT&T d\ nq Xu |\T sT |TH&T.
nd\T ` u\seTT& ` * d\<>Zs +f L& |q* <>Zs #qTe
me. $wj $XH<ysT nH |< #bsT. eT#T |< #&+& :

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41

C
<>T&TeT&T<TsT qTqT" >jTT seT#+<T
#" >|+|+&" qT# ` yqTy+H be \DT+
&>">s y>eTTq q+<\ de& eT+<+#T#TH
u">\ seTT q&$T eTseTT Hs *+<">H (| 82)
n| & | & sT u\seT# + < T \T <> T & T eT & T
+{s. deTjT+ me] q|&s. n|&T u\ \DT&T >s y>+
n+<\ de& eT+<d +&> ` seTT $sV eTTVAs+ L& T
y<& b& ` q * u<|&T +&> #Xs! u$wT nsDyd+
#d|&T seTTD y<& d | y&*q \DT&T |dTH&T | |<+.
+<T * +<>H nH |<+ L& u$ w< |sy T q d#q> d<$ u<| & T
+&> nq nss |+ n+<++~. se<T\ XX e \ u$ w< dyX*
dV dT+<s+> d#q #jT&+ nH~ $ de{ e+{ s#HqTueE\ k<+.
nd\T ` <Xs < T esT\ seT\DT\L, us X T|T T\L nqT+<+
me. Te+{ seT\DT\ nqT+< L& | |< + $XH<y sT d+#sT.
l$T+{ >TsTH<Xs >sT L& +~ |<+
\\jT&Te eTjTT~ \e VQqT>jT
>\>\y>"<qT<T #=| ueTd+>"{ #
T\|&<T$ ~$ &H s> dT$T ` #+"
>T*& \DT+ TD =+#TqT qy<y\? s|Ty!
(lseTHeT+ ` >T+sT ` y k< | ` se d+
|#T]+) n @&TdTq u\seTT&T ` dT$T #+ * u\\DT #d
=+f> qe& #| y]sTe] nqT+< #+|e\ |]eT[+|CXsT `
eTH+>.
+ qe qe seTT+ &= qTqT" u ` seTT"&= q&q&TeH
$#qjTqT"& <Xs<T" &{! jTE\T{|&s! jT qTeTi#TH (| 83)
eTq+ L& XXe dyX* #~$ <Xs<T bT> eTq* eTq+
eTsb+. eTq u\<X$Xc\T =HH eTqeT~ eT<Tsd T\T > yT~*
rssTT. d<T\ neTq+, <Xs<T Hqq+ ` |T+ \T +#T
eT |eV++~. e\+ d+b<q <w j+ Jeq+ #d H{ T+u\
eqed++<\T m +&*? nq $wj |T+ nsseT
#{#T+~. |]\q+<] q+<C ds|\T> r]~<T+~. <+
.... (dXw+)
$XH<y] dVyuedH< <s <sqyT.

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42

1
nsY, 2014

k$Ty] d+<XeTT
n|&T k$Ty] = $wjTeTT\T >TsT e#sTT. seTw nH
|sT ne]+ d<e+ nH |sT >TsTe <>Zs B rdT d\ eTTK+
#& +& y] <s+> + seTT& >T]+ w& T >T]+ b&, eTq+>,
@++> q l d<eV+< k$T q {+ jTT ejTdT
q &|\ yweTT y[q <TsZ neTysT q MT< b b&eT n&
k$TysT n&q~ neTys *jT, e\T $|+q y| L& d+
#&+& y[bsT. n|&T neTy] X|+ e\ k$T y] e+ neT
bdT+~. n|&T k$TysT eq~ mes! n #&> neTysT <TsZ<$>
<sq+ +CePsT e< |Hq\sT |eT{ $>V+ #d qqT
b]+#eT ksT . neTy] |s+ k$TysT n& y[ |eT{
q b\+ e\ $>V+ #d jT+|w #d = sE\T n& +&
neTy] MT< = X\T L& yXsT. d+|Tq nq+s+ k$Ty]
X n&$ n+Tq |e }s+ y>+> y|+q~. b++
|<T s+ +< q~. eTVsE k$Ty] u\jsT. sE sE
u\ s me nsTTq~. BqT+& jT |&T k$Ty] =+ \+
|{+~. s neTy] odT\ HssY ysT. n<$<+> l seTw
|seTV+d q u\> q|&T jTq +& n >T& + +
yd y+, neTy] eTT+<T |{ q |k<+ neTysT rdT< #d
q|\y&sTTq seTw&T $>V s|+ q neTy] qeT |k<+
e+, neTysT q+ { ejT neTys dw+ seTwqT
C> ||+# eT+ <] #|+#T #XsT. n> ~X+sT\T yTT<\T
|C J$eTT qT @< |T+ Xds|D nsTTq neTysT yssT
sb\ ys sT He\ nqT>V + m+<s CqT\qT eT X< s
|]#jT+ #XsT. n ejT n nqT XSq+ dTK+ yT q
H bsdt n~] nsTTq w |+| n <s q X nsTTq
dTVDXs k$T <sH eq deTjTeTT, dTVDXs k$T
+& >TsTe> |<X+ #dq + <j~ nsTTq e neTysT
q d++<+ | #sTTdTH s. + mH \\T neTysT #j \
nqT+THs. m{> HqT & e q+ eT< sTbjqT.
dTVDXsk$TjT qqT +<TqT+& jT |&yjTeT * #b*.
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43

C
{ n >TsT #dT + q|q <jT #|eT eTdT dTVDXs
k$T b]d HsT. =+d| eTdTq s >C\ X+,
d\ qe X+ $|+#sTT. ] #XsT. @MT |+#<T. mes
sT. nXsyD e+ $|++~. ys+ bT & +&T. &
qT+& +CePsT XsT <y\jT+ dMT|eTT ds e nH |sT
y\d HqT. ~X+sT \T qqT |w+ HsT. qTe n& s n $|+q~.
n~ $q s L& k$TysT n& qysT me] @MT #|+&
eTq+> Ls=HsT. sE s k$Ty] \ sTeDeT neTy]
uT+|q seT\T s|eTT q nsTD]H<T <sq+ \_+q~ eT]jTT
d+|Tq e\ mTe+{ +~ s<T. neTysT |]| \_+#T
dyT $ n #dTHsT. qqT #&T neTy] nqT>V+ HqT d< yT
d~H yT uT+|H u\ <sq+ d HqT nH d+<X+ \_+q~.
$ n $q s L& k$T eTqdT |X+ |+#<T. ujTy
e\ |& +e nqTu #+<sT. @< s+> BqT+& jT|&\H
#q me nsTTq~.
eTs&T kjT++ wesT >+ 5`00 \T nsTTq~. >T& |PC]
e |PC se\ d<+ #d e# u\ neTy] |P#d |k<+
d HsT. k$Ty] e< u\T se+ <sq+ #dT y+
sT>T#Tq~. kjT++ wesT >+ 7`00 \ deTjTeTT eTTd* e
# s dVjT+ q&Td e k$Ty] eTT+<T e jTqqT #d
eT+<Vd+ #XsT.
$T*q $es\T e# d+ \TdT+<+..

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44

1
nsY, 2014
leT seqTCjTqeT'

leT<|jTBq '

esyU
<s` &d
e'
. \HsjTD, H\sT.
|<eTT\T |$TeTT\T
X nv<jTd e dqeTqsvZyT
nyesZ$TV jjT j Y
#<q$T<eTTwsd uY
s#jT#sDsd
39
||<seTT : e R jTT, nv`<jTd R lb<eTT\ +, dqyT R
m\|&TqT, nqsvZyT R $T* rjTyTq, ny`esZyT R |<eTT\
deTVeTTqT, j R XujTqT d+|<, jjT R (dsT&T)
LsT#TH&T. Y <yT R T Xuq T *+#T nqTq~, uY R qqeTT
e\q, `Y `s `#jT `#sD` sd R l#sD eTT\ +jTH&T s s
n|V]+#T n$TyTq d >\, wsd R dsTjTT, #`<qyT
R \+#eTTqT #TjT n>TqT.
seTT : z es<s|u! l#sDeTT\ ds< eT deqyTq+
|esZeTT$ eT\eTT\T. nT rjTeTTq ns$+<eTT\ dsT&T
<jT eTTqH Xud+| L] $d+ |Cj
T T#TH&T. nT #jT T sDeTT
n&T u\eTTq nCqeTT# lb<+T\H&T seTT\qT n|V]+|<\
y{ $TeTTq dseTT\qT T=qT y{ \+#$T#TjT e#Tq
#T#Tq~.
y~ : yqT{ XeTTq+<T nVdsds' n dsT #sT> b\T
e\q es<T lb<+T\T dsB|\ deqyTqe *jTCjT&yTq~.
XeTTq dsT&q dsT #sjsVD H|DeTTqT e]+#T#T
lb<eTT\ |<eTT |$TeTT\T nqT<s |<XukeTeTTqT $esT\T
\T|#THsT.
eTT =+<sT e\T qTq ` y] e<qTq d+|<qT y]
*jT+&>H n|V ]+ kBqeTT #d =q <\#T#T+<TsT. n{y sT d+|<
jTeqTqy] jTT $TT\qT, dVT\qT q nqTL\yTq y]>

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45

C
#d=qT |jT+TsT. n+<T y] qT\qT, \+#eTT\qT neT
|< #T#T+<TsT. { eeVseTT eTT |d<yT. { eeVseTTqT
eTqdT qT+#T= # dsT&T |<eTT\qT $d+|CjTTjTqT |seTT
L& \+#eTTqT #T e+{<j
T #eT]+#T#THsT. u> e +T #sD eTT\T
eT\eTT\qT b*qe \T| sTT+<T |\eTT.
dxqjTY u>eXsDs$qyT ` u>.3.28.21,
yeTb<eTTCvZwqKk $sZ ` $.|.2.8.
yeTd b<|vC y<eTq~# ` ksyT
~> |sTceTT #sD<+<eTT ns$+<d<XeT eTVsT\T,
eTVu\T =j&T |d<eTT. qT, |<eTT\T u>e+T lb<eTT\
deq <seTT\T >\ |$TeTT\T.
uY .... sd : u>yqT l#sD+jT # sdeTVeTT>
e]+|&q~. ss mfqqT d]+ qT b+<eq dsT&T
n$yeTTe\q n_\w+H&T. neTeTT> #jTT n{ d+b<q es<T
b<eTT\ $TeTTq |<eTT\qT q dVjTsT\T> u$+H&T. y{
nXjTeTTqT *+ q+~+|Cd, nT|q y{<s q n_\weTTq
es<s lb<B| jTqT seTT\qT d+b~+|eq \H&T.
#<qyT : ds&T |$<yTq q seTTqT HiysT=qT |~qeTT
<jT \eTTq |< eTT\qT $d+ |Cj
T T#T y{ #eTTqT nq> \+#eTTqT
#T#TH&. nT $deTTqT b+~ q+~+q eT\eTT\T eT $TeTTq
lb<eTT\ seTT\qT mei *jT+&TqT q#Tq dsT
.... (dXw+)
XjTeT.

uT
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46

1
nsY, 2014

~V<jT+
(7)

& .@. +>s#sk$T, sT|.

10) ~' d$ ds' K>' |Pc >udeH


dTesd<X uqT' VsDs ~ys'
u$T HjT&T, \qT dw+#y&T, bDT\qT
|s |+# y&T, X+ d+#]+#y&T, es+<s \ *+Z #y&T,
sD\qT \y&T, VsDjTT&T, |+#y&T, VsDjTyTq V+&
sD+ #dy&T nsTTq ~T&T |>{ sDyTqy&T.
yUq+ : $<+> +es ~T dsb |<+, ~Tq
#+~q ~V<jTk X+qT+& n>dT&T |<dTH&T.
~V<jTk+ ~', d$ ~> s+uyT, kD (21e
X+ ) nH |<+ |P] neTq~. dT ~' d$ ~>
= He\T |<e$u HsTT. M{ yT nH < #sT=, e
~T&e, d$e n ns #b*. = #T $u HsTT. y{
qeT' nH |< #], nTe+{ qeTks+ nH ns #b*.
(~') - n~ esT&T ~T&T. , n~ n+f nK+&yTq
u eT+&\+. < | qT ~T&q&TTH& L& #| e#T. He
l |sXsu s Y eT dV dHeTuw+ ~ eT+&+s$T nsTTq u> y qT
|s+> $e]+#sT.
(~') - dy#Y esY Y ' b|' ~' (d+s DT
u~+#T ;CsyTq nH es+ e\ b+<<qy&T) nH usY $esD+
dsDjT+.
(d$)->TqT |u$+|Cdy&T. ~ <<X~He\ {.
(d$) - ds<s ewdk~+ d d$ (dsT <s
es+, <<s dk\qT *Zk&T qT d$)-nH usY $esD+ >V+.

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47

C
ds c+ kY qsTT d$ - #H #H ||+ # kT
<&T - n usY #dq += $esD+ L& dsDjT+.
(d$) - dTe - |sjT d$ - qsD\ \
|sD *ZdTH&T.
(ds') - dTe - |sjT sD - >TqT n+{ q sD\
<s |sDqT *Z+#y&T - n ns+. dTw sjT - @ |jH
+#+& sT+> n+<i +& #> |sD #dy&T - n ns+.
(ds') - kes+>e>TT n+s$T - n ns+. ds
> ddTwX n n+ X $wj *+~ - n X
$esD+.
(K>') - |s+d+ X+ d+#]+#y&T.
(|Pc)-es+ bw+#y&T. (dsT |yT es sD+)
(>udeH) - sD\qT \y&T. >ud n+f dssD+.
~yjTT<\qT \y& L& ns+. >ud |< dT<sqeTH ns usY
dVdHeTuw+ *jTCXsT.
(dTesd<X') - +>sT eHqT \y&T. ~eT+&\+ y+#d
+& u>yqT #+<>|wT VsDXX' VsDX |DUY ds @e
dTes' (+>sT s+>T MTk\qT \y&T, +>sT s+>T X\qT \y&T,
qU\ |s++ |P]> +>sT eHqT \y&T) n *|+~.
(uqT') - ds sD-| n$sD ur uqT' - nq+ ||+ #
dw+H @$s+ +& |+#y&T qT udTe nH usY $esD+
& >V+. B <s u>yqT Ms>TD+ \T|&+~. M{sTHT \yT
X\ M$ osY $TeTeH (sTyjYT-4-5-1) n s
d.
(uqT')- nudsD dVk+XH-||Je uu uqT' jTk~ ueTT|jTT u (>=| dTqT \ dsTq L&
|X *Z+#T >=|> y*>y&T qT uqTe) nH usY $esD+ L&
dsDjT+. vZyT xsTTiTejYT #TyT | X&sjYT ej (|]jT
sT-7-8-2) nH ~ed] d ue+.
(VsDs') - +>sT eHqT \ V+& dw+qy&T.

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48

1
nsY, 2014
<+&eTueY VeT+ dVk+XdeT|uyT ( V+&+ +>sT eHqT
*Zq< dsT +e+{ + *Zq~ nsTTq~) n eTqTd e#q+
X+ ns+ n~+> H, n~ eTV] b+ qT <w+ <T.
(~ys') - |>{ *Z+#y&T - n , |>{\+ bDT
\qT |s|+#y&T - n ue+.

eTVXsrsyUH~$Xc\T
(~') - jTkse< k<~' (m+<Te\q n{
>VdTH& n+<Te\ ~T&q&TTH&T) nH ee\ deTd $wj\qT
nqTu$+#y&T, >V+#y&T ~T&T. dsu< u>yqT&T. jTd V
# + # u ue z<qyT nH X $wj |*+~.
(d$) - deTd>TqT |d$+#y&T.
(ds') - n+<i j s\ |s|+#y&T -n >, #>
|s|+#y&T - n > B ns+. |s|+#&+ u>yqTq >\ >=|q+
@eT+f - n~ dVyT +&&+. n+'|$w' Xk HHyT ds n,
jTdsD uq+s jTeTjT n< y<d.
(K>') |seX eTq& |seT|<+ d+#]+#y&T, n& y+#d
+&y& ns+ . j nk< ' |sy T yeTH nH X B *jT CdT q ~.
(>udeH) - n ~X\ y|+ |dTq~ >ud. n+f \<$. yTqT *Zqy& ns+. \$w& s+. |<+ eTT|t
|jT+ j> ddT+~. u>yqTeH \<$L& u>yqT
bT ds y|+ +T+<H $wjT+ jT< ds> $w <yjT+
~CeT! nH $w|sDde\ \TdTq~.
(dT|s..) - < dT|s djTTC dUjT ~> eTT+&wT
#|&q dT|sX+# \T|& |se - n ns+.
(|q') - XTe\qT |+|Cdy&T. dTKdT|' |s+|' nH
lsejTDd dsDjT+.
(uqT') >=|> |+#y& ns+. yTe u+ eTqTu dsyT
nH X dsDjT+. |+# <y\ f |dTHsTT.
(~ys') - nCH e]|CjT&+<s |>\TqT - n+f - CH
.... (dXw+)
*Z+#y& ns+.

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49

d+d uc|P]eT

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50

1
nsY, 2014

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51

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52

1
nsY, 2014

n# \T>T
yTT\qT <\T" <\qT C\T yTTq\ y\T +&Ty
H\\" u\T H=&*&\T T <\T \T yT"
C\">T H\T eT\qT u\T" C& yT\T >*Z
#\TqT k\T=qT#T" >\T >eTT H\T y\Tb!
` LeT+ eT$, dT+< |]DjTeTT
|sTw\+<T |D|sTw\T ysj! nqT \T>T n#\T>T ysT.
\T>T uw mH s uc |<\T #]qT eTq \TdT. |+&T\
d+d + MT< >se+ me. d+d y\T $]$> #<Te= +&+
#, y{ \T>T $]$> nqTy<+ #jT+ # uc|<\T >&
$]$> \T>T #ssTT. M{H e\T n+{sT. d+d b uc
T\+>T uw eT+T (qjTd], u\ysD eTT). e\T \T>T
=\\T. qqjT yTT<\T <<|> bNq e\+ esZ|< #+~qysT.
n+f d+d uc d+|<j <TqysT. qT y] s#q uw
qT+& ~>TeT nsTTq e me> #T #dT=HsTT. n+<Te\ \T>T
y \T>T<q+ d+ yTy*q s <|]++~. qH#&T&T, q,
nqeTjT, yeTq yTT<\T =~eT+~ e B $TqVsTT+|.
<$XK #+~q |<\T, bH \T>T<q+ >Tu[++~. nsTT
y{ e>se+ \_+#<T. Te+{ |]d eT<jTT>q+s \+
=~eT+~ e\T \T>T |+> <\#sT. d+d + ~| ds
n#\T>T y\T yTT<\T|{sT. n+f s#q >&MT< |{ |]q
e | |suc |<\T+&eqe. B $q d \T>T >*
|\>*+~.
esd .X. 17`18 Xuq ><e eT+&\+ +<s& sD yTq
LeT+ eT$ dT+< |]DjTeTT nH n# \T>T + yX&T.
|s|s+ sE se e<esjT eTVb\T& # dHq+ b+<&T. nsTT
sE ]qT L& < q y\ |s|s+ q w<e+ fXs
k$T n++ #X&T. $ ksueT _sT<+T&q eT$ sdq
eTH_seTeTT, ds\Dksd+>VeTT, fXs XeTT, n#\T>T

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53

C
sejTDeTT e+{ $\D s#q\T #X&T. dT+< |]DjTeTT eT$
n#\T>T #dq ebsq $+<+.
yTT\qT <\T" <\qT C\T yTTq\ y\T +&Ty
H\\" u\T H=&*&\T T <\T \T yT"
C\">T H\T eT\qT u\T" C& yT\T >*Z
#\TqT k\T=qT#T" >\T >eTT H\T y\Tb!
` LeT+ eT$, dT+< |]DjTeTT
yTT\| \T eg+ >\y&T e&T. y|dTsT&, >CdTsT&
d+V]+ |*#s+, @qT>T #s+ ek\T> <]k&T.
\MT< { C\T ` >+>|yV+ >\y&T. eT&T yTTq\T >\ y\T
(jTT<yTq XS\+) >*qy&T. +&TyH\ e+{ \ eH>\y&T.
fq \T| >=+ (\T) > Xs VT= bsTT+~ us
bsr<$. e&T nsHXsT&T><!
eT\ n+f =+&. b\T n+f |D+. y+&=+& MT< |syTXsT&
yd|yX+.
#& yT\T ` mq{ q+# V+ *, *k&T XsT&T. s+s+
j>eTT< |seX& +{&T.
ds\ H y\TqT =j&&T eT$.
|<+ Ve+. e&e&> V+> q&TdT+~. q&e+
<T, |]>TT+~. |<+ \T ` C\T ` y\T ` &\T ` \T ` b\T `
\T Xu\T j |<\ es se+ # n+qT bk\+s+ @s&+~.
n+< T e\ | < + # $ + | > +~. n+< y T q es q nH +
m+<TqT=H&y eTT+{ +{eT+ >T]+ |k$+#<T $.
>#s+, >+>|yV+, XS\+, nsHXsT&T, d|s+,
|syTXsT&T ` Te+{ |d< |<\ e\T. eT] n#\T>T +
n$ |se. n+<Te\ $ y{ esT> d]= |< +<\T *+#T=H&T.
= # n$ $+> H $ XjT+ e\ n$ |<T. &+<| <$T
(V<jT |<+), #TT <Te (#jTT<+), d] |$T{ (\e\uT&T, $we)
i>+{ <=s (s|\s <e\ sE, +<T&T) ` {+{ | yT q eH

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54

1
nsY, 2014
*+#&T eT$.
j<e HjT&q +u&T, <s< nH y] d+q+ \. yTqT
lw&T |+&&q < sTT~. () <$ u<$ nesyT n ywe\
qeT+. ><<$ s|yT yT n L& u$ksT.
+ Cd dT+< |]DjTeTT nH |sT eT|<+ ><? \
|+&* nH~ n#\T>T |sT. \ jTqT |s" <Eq e{\T +
|+&* n eT$ < bs+u+ #b&T.
`& b|H eX+sY, >T+sT

|] d+<q
leH |jT$TT\T, rjTT\T s$yVqse>] Xu+\T.
C ed| |H\ n+<TTq~. < #+< < \TdT.
KsT\ $T+ (bd, seTT\T) s. 5000/` # |+|dTHqT. d]+
y] n+<CjT bsq. q+. 287, +<TLsT n&dT |+|THsT. nsT
H\ qT+& ]fsY ||, $H<sjTTb+ >eT+, (ej) neTqu\T,
|H : 523180, |X+ . n&dT |+|+# sT#THqT.
C | |]X< | ` (]dsY s) e edT+~.
ydeTT\T Cqes e TT\T. y< jTeTT\T. C |T \qT XXeTT>
+#T=, eTs\ eTs\ #~$ eTqqeTT #jTe\d e+T+~. VqTeH #k,
Xyk|wY, ~ V<jT+ yK\T ` +qT s ydeTT\T |
|d e TT\T> n~ d+K n#Tyd, n+<s eTT> |+q# u>T+&Tq
H XjTeTT. eT <qy<eTT\T. { |qT q&|dTq nsTq+<
k$Ty] \T \T|eqT. CqjTeTT ds< =qk>Tq
dTHqT.
$T+ue
& q&|H dsHsjTD, +<TLsT.

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55

eTVus+ ` eqe due D


d+<V ` de<qe\
` & n|C&T y+ dTjT, s\T.
eTVus+ <|~ <ssE re yy< ~q d+<s\T.
<|~ eTV|e eyT <T, q<q $w
e eTTq d e T] . ny T < s sE s j \qT
skeV+H, jTq p<e&+ e\ *q wqc\qT,
neeH\qT m+ zsT u]+H, yT <ssE >{>
yy< ~q d+<s\T eTVus+ eT&THsTT.
nsDyd+ z<s{ eq lw eTT+<T
<|~ q |sue <T'Uq+ y udT=q~. lw&T
y[q sTy yT <ssE y<q ~+~. <sw
< T s T ~ , j T q =& T e T # d q n| s\qT,
neeH\qT, |&T eTT nqTu$dTq <jTjT d
$e]+ #| MTsT B #d }s+&e#TH nq~. n+, jTT&T
m|&T zsT> +&, m|&T |se |<]+# *jT#| *
|V < d+y< L& <s sE #| +~. ~, MT |se |<] +#{
q deTjTeTq~. MTsT >Vd #\T, MT eTT\T >T se\ n+T
\Tksq~.
n $q <ssE nH X+ e#H\T, <sy\T #| ` <|~,
M{q+{ e |{+ e +&>] uVDT\T #|T+f $HqT eT
e d| , |sTw&T q sy q deTjT+ deT+> s]dH
<e+ kjT+ #dT+<, s&T d\+ u$T <T $H\T ydH <
|+ |+& n # edT+ <, n+<Te\ MTsT MT eTT\ |seT+ se\qT
sTT+#{ |jT+#+&, eTeT* <jTjT dqT+& |+#+&
>{> y~++~. sy *jT#|+~.
<|~ ++f >{> y~+ <ssEqT |T> mb&q |T+
+={ +~. n~, nCyd+ ` $ssE =\Te L+.
eTT&q #&T, uT q y+ |&|&T yT $s sEqT
j
T
q
=\Te
L+ XsTT++~. eTVsE q kjT+> *,
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56

1
nsY, 2014
#D k& ++~. , b|+! $ssE X #\ }sH&T.
du duT\T }sHsT. nCyd+ u+>eTT+<q ujT+ <ssE
L& #d }sH&T. n+, >VyX+ #TqT |] #D
#e={ |PqTuTq ;eTdqTD L& y]+#&T.
$<+> $ssE, <ssE, du ysT ` n+ dV+
}sHs <|~ dV+ }sT<T. H | # |esqqT # L&
MTs+ }sTHs me] j+&T ]+, |] ue+TqT u+<
<TysT n, $s sEH <T, <ssEH <T, du duT\H <T,
yTT+ eT>CH \Bd n&+~.
nCyd+ u+>eTT+<q ujT+ <ssE, yTqT |s+>
eT+<*+ n& qT+& |+|yj\qT=H&T. e |sTeP eTs< +&,
$#\$&> H> |e]dTHy, y+H & qT+& y[b nH&T. us
n nH&T >< n <|~ \e+#T= n& qT+& y[b<T. H us |<
qT&T ` |<y]jT |qysT, n Vq\qT <w |T= nq~.
n+<T. H us p<]. p<] * |sTe eTs< &$ n <ssEqT
n+ >*qT n&, n& qT+& y[+~. <ssE *jT+& ;eTTD
s#>={ #D #+|++~.
eTVus jTT<q+s+ +<T$TT\ eT u<|&T ys>+
|de d]kqq <s sE yT eT&ek] y<q ~+~. c\T
nqTu$+, + XeT |&, sC ] b+~+~ MTsT |d e
d]+#{? n usqT \Bd+~. |< eTqd>T s<s+ <q~.
<+&sTq ys\ <+&+#+f jTT& b|+ n+TT+~ < ` se\qT
<+&+q+<T u<| & yT+<Tq~. n+<T. <s sE>] ys > n&T
yjT{, jTq bsTc s#>={, yT He c\T, neeH\T
nqTu$+q &TysT +esH Hs? nsTTH, MT <sV \T>+&
+&{ < ` HqT >V<se $&Te+& MT Hq L& nq~.
se\T nH bb\T #XsT. b||\+> bD\T jsT. n+<T
e>e+ m+<Tq~. jTT<|\+> bD\T jsT. n+<T e>e+
m+<Tq~. jTT<+ nq sTy V+d |<T ><. n+<T MT b|+
@eTT+~? nq~. sC #|+&. |CVb\q k+#+&. MT <s
MTsT s]+#+&. n us sy |<++~.
<|~ $<+ > y~+q+eq yT us <s sE MT< >se+
< <T. yT >j[ n <T. yT eTV|e. nedsyTq|&T us
>{> y~+, jTqqT sesVD |]= $weeTTq |e.
.... (dXw+)

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57

+<HjT X k+<seT
` & . ]C\ , H\sT.
<sq jT$T~ sT|T\+<T l
+ sjT |UyT
j+<HjT& e+#\ <X+T\
qT ^]+#Tf eTjT
y+sT&e djT+ e> qse
syTT+~q e <yT
yUqk e+#q s+&
HsT\T #|q e eTjT
$$< |PCeeTT\T ]|TeTT\T> ` Cd=q q d~ >\<?
|ue! <Due! ` V$eTJe! l+<<e!
12
|PsyT+ |d~ b +~q l +, n+<T =\Ty q +<H jT
k$T, |&{ <Hed +&&+ |sTceT $+ y<q *Z++~.
eT |Psyue+ |qsT<]+|&\ d, |sTceT $ <
d+d]dTH&T.
us< X + qjT$T~ sT|T \THsTT. n+<T |U >++~
l+. q jT$T~ sT|T ~ @u nsTT<e~. M{ $esD
njT\sE HsjTDe $s V+d$+X e #TsXd+ 214e
s>& 38e |+ { |s=q& jTT+~.
leTTq dT>*q +<HjTq sq eTqT#TqT n
l eV+ V+& |sD+ ` sK+&+ Hs<
d+V 92e n<jT+ qT+& 103e n<jT+ es yTT+ 12 n<j
$e]+|&+~. n<j* | d+|{> l eVeTH |sT
nVA+ we#sT\ysT 1913 |#T]+#sT. dVCjdT
cj df HeT beH V e edc$T ds < (V+&| sD+
` Hs< d+V ` 94 e n<jT+). e\qT { #TsTK V, $weqT

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58

1
nsY, 2014
>] |dT #dqT, $we |yT, ++ |$ cqB +
+ d< edkq qqT nseTeT+~.
Hs< d+VH l |X+d $+|&+~.
k# <Du> $w+ eTVAeTyT
||+# eT<u> T crs Xud
y+s< de> <e<edHq'
jT d+dyH # +<$w deKj
jT V<jTds |' s+ k+|+
l HeT|s+ eTT|<+ eTVY
#]+ >qT + dT|d< y T + ~. | &~ kyVq keC
=* s<>, m$T~ yT $d >\ q>s+> |d~+~.
+<HjT&+ n\ <XqT |dT >+#&yT yT |&
Bqd @$T $ s+&e b<+ |dTH&T. ||<e+< kyVq
#e] jTq +<$wy +<HjT k$T. +<|\ c\T r], +<
d+d dw+q HjT&T f +<$we +<HjT&H&T. &T,
|D~&q dT#+<T qE&, X+uT&H + <qy~|D q
\ |seT d+|< Ve] +< eT+>|<T&H&, V+&
|sD+sZ Hs< d+VqT { \TdTq~.
+<Hy eTV$w' X+uT<qTC|V'
|s kjT+uTe eTH' *jTT> V]'
sesd dT#+<d que'
n es<yX yw |P'
+<HjT& #] |sTw&q +<$we nqTH+><!
n&T |seT|~+#>H jT |\T <e> d+u$+, >eTXg |s+>
jTq $>V |w+ |P+#&+ yTT<\T |{sT . { |P+|& nes
nses\+{sT. nsesqT u>e+T&T H\= +{&T. #]
|sTw&q +<$we L& n{> n|{ qT+& nsesT& +<HjT
k$T jTH&T. k$T HeT+ L& l $wscsX~ek+

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59

C
+<HjTyT n #|&+~ (kss+ ` | 29). Te+{
nseTsT\T eTT q$T =*# y] sD #LsTksT. n+<T |sTceT
$ ` y+seTT q+<T+& $w&e. y djT+e> nses eT+~q
e <yTH? n |dTH&T.
lk$T | &H eV\qT |<] +#&. n+<T <
dd\qT >] $ |dTH&T. yUqdT e e+#q s+&
seTT\T #|q e yTH? nsTTqf |& eTVeT\ @yTqT?
n $ |X . eTVeTqT >s qT V+d\B$ >b\ X + qT |sTce T
$ { |k$k&T.
q>] yUqk +T #jT seTT #|He (V+.>.X. `53)
B{ ><| $ >& |jTeTTqT \TdTe#T. +
qX < @$T+f ` l <y\js&q |UqdT&T #s
|s+ + <e s dTeT nH sE>] |eTVw\ |+|y&T.
H&T s\+ X+ e+~. sDT |uTe # yUqdT |*|+
|+#sT. jTT| s T &q yU qdT&T Xe& X\THjT, n~ Xe XyT q,
<w+ < deT]+#&T. sE e\T qeT+& >T& \T|\T rsTT+
|+ #&T. Xeq C X\T e. yU qd u D s+ #\H |P,
k$T sE, sE HisT\ =eTT& <sq$T#&T. nsTTH sE qeT
k$T sT\T |{ >>, k$T sdT qT+& s+ d$++~. sE u<|&&T.
u>e+T usD |sjTD n+<s |se+#sT. >< V+&
|sD+sZ leV+ qT |dT+~.
{ l+, n+<T y\dq k$T, eTVy|T, $$<
|PCy\T ]|T+> ]|+#Ty* <! b |d~ \T>TT+<? n
$ d+<V e+ #dTH&T.
.... (dXw+)
XuodT\T : $H<sjTTb+ yde\T & q&|H dsHsjTD
leT fXseT >sT n+~+q s. 5000/` # nsTq+< dt y]
n+~+#yTq ~. lll nsTq+<k$TysT y] XuodT\+<Cd T H sT.
` sys

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60

1
nsY, 2014

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61

C
1. X\|

4. Lc+&

7. s

2. V#]D

3. #+<|T+

5. d+<e

6. jT

8. eTV>]

9. d~<

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62

1
nsY, 2014
1. X\|
e+< y+ujT #+<sXKsyT
ecs&+ XS\<s+ X\|r+ jTXdyT
2. V#]D
<<H s|<u+ neeT+&\
<M |d< T eTsTT V#]DqTe
3. #+<|T+
|+&|ess& #+&bgsT
|k<+ qT eTV+ #+<|T+f $X
4. Lc+&
dTsd+|Ps\X+ sT~s|yTe #
<<H Vd|<u+ Lc+& Xu<dT yT
5. d+<e
d+Vdq> + |<s<j
Xu< dT d< <M d+<e jTXd
6. jT
#+<Vk\s Xs\esyVH
jT Xu+ <<<M <qe|
7. s
@yD bs|Ps q> Ksd
\+uw ] uX]D
yeTb<\dV\+uwD
es eTs<C c ssjT+
8. eTV>]
X ew des& X+s<s X'
eTV> Xu+ <<Y, eTV<e|y<<
9. d~<
d<>+<sjT<', ndTsseTss|

deeH d< ujY d~< d~<sTT


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qe<TsZ\T

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63

C
s>eTT `

Xb\q
eT\ kVre\u
` & &sT |uss&, b<TsT

\T\L, ujT \T\L.... nb\ q *b\T $Tq


yTT<{ ys+ |~sE\T |s+ #jT& >+ |{#T.
H\sE # eT+~ |\\ T s+ > s +&TeT&T $Tc\T e+ #jT >H
VsTT> <bsT. MT _&\T |>\T ` s eT< & \TdT=H+<T
dVjT|&e#T:

|&T=H >~ N{> e+& #jT+&.

b\T |f|&T Bb\T sjT+&.

H| \qT >>u es+&.

qT e# #d |>{|P &+#+& y+H <|#+&.

_& ks+> e+& u> | |+&.

|& e] L& <|bjT neXeTT+~. { |d|\\qT sp


>~ eT+#+ MT< |&Tu+&.

|\\ ueT\ m+|


|d_& q =* d+es\ dsq ueT\ &T+ mH
$wj\T HsT+{&T. &T=H ueT\qT dTsyTq y{H m+| #j*.
n+f qTq>, >T+&+> e+&$, |<T Hq n+#T\T $> #d =H*. ueT\
~ u>\T eqf y{ |db| y sT b+& +& y{H =H*.
ueT\T *>Z |*bL&<T, ;\T ysL&<T. s+>T\ ueT\sTT
s+>T\T $w|ue+ *q$ &<T. ueT\T # qesTT _& y{
$T+> |e<eTT+~. < eTT>, #$> ]+#TH neXeTT+~.
_& ejTdTqT <w e+#T= ueT\T =H*. @ ejTdT @jT ueT\T
=H +~ d#q\T dVjT|&sTT.

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64

1
nsY, 2014

dTesT s+&T H\\ ejTdT ~ edTe\T #d _& d+w+>


e+T+~. eT+#+|q>, j\|q> M{ {*.

eT&T H\\ eq s y] X+ #d ueT\T q#TsTT. n$


~M, =& nqTyqM nsTT |\\T ]+\T =&sT.

dTesT H\T>T H\\|&T |\\ >T&ueT\T, f& \H, y


<s& s+<\T, V+&>\ ueT\+f u w+.

_& <+\T se&+ yTT<\e>H (6`8 H\\T) {~+> ]+>\T, bd


ueT\T y*. b&+ yTT<\T |>H n, }> ueT\T,
Uu\T, yT +T\T &Te& y*. q&e&+ yTT<\e>H
|&T>T\ \T, #\ ueT\T y*.
|q #|qe mT! MT dVjT+ eTs= mT! |{+~ yTT<\T
MT e+&&yT MT _& m+ d+w<jT+, $Cq |u<+!

|\\ dTsyTq \T
|\\T m+ y>+> |sT>TsT. MT *jT+&H MT _& n
sTT\+ b q # n+~q~ |B |T= d> #de &+
|<y& b&T. |+> #b\+f \T | |+~sk&T. ejTdT qT+&
d\T y+ es MT _& +{ = |e<\ >TsjT neXeTT+~.
n+<Te\ *<+&T\T + #dT= eT _&\ <*\qT >eTd
e+&*. nTe+{ |e<\T s+& eTT+<T C>\T rdTy*. |
+{ |e<\ <]rjT>\ |]d T \T ysT > eq|{ k<sD+> n+<]
e]+# = d\V\T:

eT+<T\T, s skjT |<s\T |\\ n+<+& e+#+&.

m ysT qTwH b+& #dT+&.

$<TY |]s\qT |\\ n+<TuT e+#+&.

m bsTT+{\ |q d| k{ esT neTs+&. k<yTq+es


$ y] n+<q+ mT neTsT+&.

|qT\T, d<T\T, sT, nZ|f\T, sY, T\T s y& |eTTT


C>> <|+&.

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65

msTTq |<X |\\qT +]> e~* |+&.


@sk qT, d\T MT |\\ <=] H H= neXeTT+~.
<e\ <H |e<eTT+~.
bd u>\T |\\ n+<+& #&+&. _& n+<T \<]
}|s&<T.
e+{+{>, kH\ >~> |d|\\qT +]> e<\+&.
|d|\\qT >E ke <s+> e+#+&.
.... (dXw+)

|\\ \T\T ` nedsyT &sY >] d+|~+#e#T. d : 9440170808

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66

1
nsY, 2014

$<Tsks+

(7)

` yTTe ec~|, s|.


=&Te $H&T <sw&T. b+&e\qT rd= se\d+~>
$<TsT j+#&T. $wjT+ \TdT=H&T $<TsT&T. nH! p<+
dsqs\ eT\+. \VsD+. T~eT+T&q y&e& < Hs~+|&T.
& LsT+& sTT+{ <TsT~ m+<T ++~? ~e+ eT+~
<T n dw+> $$<T\T> #b&T.
n+< |uT e $<TsT @<! |\\ T eTT#|&T THsT. p<+ sE\
|$ &> #|&+~. <sjTT<yTTe+{< ` <s<+ L& nTe+{<.
b nqTV\T #jT. y \V <]rd |]d ed <
d]~<{ eTq+ e? #d dV+ }sT=+{e? yesT #sT\T
|< \+ X$T+ ]+q du eT+|+, b+&e\T #q +T+~. |\\
eT rsTT+~ n nqTqsTT+ #b&T. $<TsT |+|+#&T.
| *dL& $<TsT &+<T y[qT? n eTq <sd+<V+
\>+ dV +. &= <s d+ +~. $<TsT&T eT+. ds + d+T&T
&T. <s$~E&T eyT. m+{y&H eTVsC b{+ rse\d+<.
nsTT eTVsE j>e\T sDX~> sy&T qT, jTq
VyTq< <s |sd]+#T= #qTe #b&T. p< y]+#{
X< |jT+#&T. >T& sE #$u<T. n+<T <esjT+ m +f
n sT>TT+<, <e +| us+ yd $<TsT&T b+&e\ & y&T. <s sE
L& p<$wjT+ |k$+q|&T n+<* <c\qT $e]+, e<H #b&T.
sC> #| $<TsT&T b+&e\qT rd=e#&T.
ej<+ bs+uyT+~. nd\T b\T <ssE # s<T.
b+&e\ d+|<\q+{ <Ts<qT&T <#T=+TH&T. du n+ X\+>
d qT\|+ #d LsT+&bsTT+~. ~ ydeT n+<s L dH
q~. < dV+#bj&T $<TsT&T. y+H <sw `
eTVsC! eTsD+#ujTy Ww<\T |#jTe. n> dsHXq+
uTq MT H Vy\T sT+#e. H e $qT. deTjT+ | bTq~.
\T $Tq+TTHsTT. dTj<qT&T |{q|&T qe ns#&T. =&TH
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67

C
yyV+ qqT >T]+#+& He. |<=&TqT Vw]+#T.
see+X+ yTT s+#T. |&T +q \T sD ujT+s
eTVus d+>e <]rksTT. d+>sjT+ sT e+X+ je
VQ WT+~. #T =qqTq HMT< X e ` =&T\T |#d
+<qTq n>< #& n+<T |&uTHsT. n ~> eTqdT&
+<q e+#&T.
<Ts<qT >V+ *+~. e eTeTT +~+# D+ +<?
+<T yT+ #dT q n<s yTeTT+~? ~ +> n<s yT sT\ |eTVQ&T,
ds<s$<T&q ;w&T }s+{&? <sds|&q <DT&+^]k&?
<sds|yTq b~ eTV#s|sTw\ L& q eTVdu >T&|+
#d eT sqT+T+<? beTTqT & |T= ed+qT qT
ee< +#T=+TH+. |* qqT bw+#y] $HXyT sT=+T+<. eP
n+. ~ <se? n<se? n mes uT T |{ |* q&><T.
e V|<X+ #jTeT s<T. @~ yT, @~ & e u> \TdT.
nqeds+> sT\ s\ C+ #dT. n~ s> eT+~ <T.
us m+ >s$+H m+ n_e+H s+{\T nqT\ e_#]dH
+T+~. eP n+{y&y. <jT eTeTT $& |{ sTTw+ eq #{
y n >~+, dsT= +~+#&T.
$<TsT&T <s\qT $e]+#&T. HqT #dq yT\T eTs# |TT&qT
qT. MT# bw+|&T, MT m>TZ#d due+, H @ sD+qT <T.
sujT |< >V+# qT\T eTd=q MT H\T ]|+#{
|jT+#qT.
yMsd jTX<q+ #
y+#$T ` nV+ dV|d XXY
jT< < -dT qeTX -dT
desT&q <sw ]<H HH\|&T eTqks sT=+{qT.
jTq ] eT# se+ dV+#qT. @< n< neT+~. = qeTks+.
$w<+cujT+syTq &#Tq |+ |+#{ *$>\y&e&
|jT+#&T. |]d# eTqdT HqTL& MT< #TTHqT. b+&e\T
ujT+s $wdsT\ |seT d+|qT\T. y] e++ V+d+ HXq+
e<H #TTHq q eTH> sj sjT+> eT H= #b&T.
.... (dXw+)
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68

1
nsY, 2014

>j
T

r
j
T
seTy
T
` & eTT|P& jTdseTXd
|*&~ seT#]eTT
|*+#&y&T seTu<T+&, H
|*q ueVs eT>Tq,
|*<, ys=+&T>< |\T>H! (bq)
qq *<+&T H >jTr eTVeT+|<XyTTq]
sejTD bsjTD|<X yTTq]HsT. n~ q H b|+q <q!
sejTDeTTqT, | ysTT XeTT\ >jTr eT+syTT<
#=|q ~+#T#T ~$ y eTV] s+qT d+|<jTeTT #| #Tq~.
24 XeTT\T >jTr sejTDeTT> |\Te&TqT. n~jT sT H sT
eeTTq |sD. |sT =~> e], >jTr jTseTyT nqT |]&.
>TsTesT\T, Hw<sVk|<w, V] l &|* s|TeHsjTD
Xd >sT |<+q +eTD eT++q|\eTT u\T ` =~b{
$\\>\T>T#THqT. lseT#+<T eTVe #]eTTqT ` H q,
H yq #]seTT>, >jTr ;Cs|PseTT>, eT+<+eeTT,
T s+.
>jTr eT+~<e ` |<eeTT ` dsHsjTDeT].
dsHsjTDeT], dse+X+ ne]+q <seT] lseTu<T&T.
ebsjTDeTT <e|d+<jTeT>T>!
ds H' dTH ueqT.

<qyT
j <e' d$k+ ~j <s~ >#s'
|sjTd jT<sZd<sDeTTbdV
|<eT|Vss+ <s+ dsd+|<yT
_seT+ lseT+ uj uj qeeTVyT

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69

C
>TsTsV >TsT]w' >TsTsy eTVXs'
>TsTkY |s+V d l>Tsy qeT'

| e TD

z+sK' |seT|sTc sTZD ]\'


XjTT $~ $<TVs+ >TD+ s|e|
<qTVqH<sesZ+ s&+
sT+ $wsXs<q|+ D+ eTq d
z+ syT |sVeTT. sTZDyTq |se |X L& d>TDT&
V $w eds|& dw d \jTeTT\qT k+#qT. n+<T dss&q
y+sT&T leTHsjTDT&T, sk+yTq >T qT<]+| deTjTyTi,
<Xs<T +&> HqT=, n us\ jT+<T qe]+| u$+#qT.

lseTqqeTT

Yk$ <Xs<q|' |yTw$Tc


djyT n\u dT+ s|Te+ seT#+<yT
sT d<syT, n|s \D+ k dT$T
XT|T+ # |{>TDH |H b|e
dse+X jTT&q <Xs<eTVsE d+HsyT |yTw
j>yT Tq], |u eeTT#, d<$jT+<T lseT#+<T |T> b+<qT.
j>T&q usT&T , \DXT|TT\T dT$T +].

u\eTT ` $<udeTT

ds X<Xu' |P]Xwy+#'
edd' |seT~+ q+<H q+<jT
j> es >$T >Tsed edw|uyY
Xd Xd dT~j s| $sE'
lseT \D us XT|TT\T X|eT+<T #+<T \e
|+b+<T#T, eTT>TZsT \T\qT, +&jT>T <Xs<T q+< |i]. q
ejTdT s>, $<udeTTq \>TsTyq edw #], Xg$<\qT,
Xg$<\qT |<THq T~\ys ysT sD+].

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70

1
nsY, 2014

$X$T j>d+sDeTT

$X$T<~>\k JeV
]|++ deqeTs<|Te' d
e#ue|~s d~ seTuD'
|P-V <qT $T~ >$TH s|TyD
$X$TT y+ jT\T<], \`n\ yTT $<\qT b+~, qT
d+V]+q lseTT&T, eTV] j>eTTqT $|TeTT\T +& s+#qT.
seTT ngeTT\# jT $|T eTTq |jT +q e#T&T deTT<eTT |&b >,
dTuVQ&T yTT s sd T \T eTsD+ ]. |eT, $T~\ jT\T<]q s|T e
b<ds# nV\ |$Ts <q H=+<qT.

l dseTDeTT

Tc syT |sVs<qTs+>X+ # d
d b<qeTVuY \Dj]+ #
e+&yU useTqTC s|Te+ b| Ts+
T +< s|TTqjs+Xjd+|e'
lseTT # d+Tw&q qeTVsE, e<qTs+>eTT X\eTT
>, es dqT seT#+<T $yVyTTqsqT. \DT&T }]qT,
usT&T e+&$, yT #\T X], H\Ze esT&q XT|TT&T `
|]DjTe&]. s|T T ` qe+XeTT\ sT u+<e eTT n+<]# = j&&q~.

usZede>eTeTT

e<j++ s|TT\es+ CeT<>' |


dj+ X+ >*$uy+ CyH Cq<c
j dH <Xs<q|kqT>' b|X'
bbj<eTT|qjT \eq+<k+<yT
qq e<Te nj< e#T#Tq s|TTseTT |+|<\ $w
<qTdT eq |sXseTT&T, q X, q nes|ueeTT D+qT
>V+#qT. usZeseTT&T y[q ys $ sT=q <Xs<T&T q |]yseTT
nj< #] q+<eTjTeTT> \eTT >&|k>qT.
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71

C
nsDydeTTq y
s yT syT d\q, ~|d+
s+ sT+ deT_\w', qT <yq sTwyT
jT b>sjTT>eT<Y u|duyY
sy-sD+ | #*yH dj \Dq

seTu <T&T d<T DZ _seTT& X_\T#T H&T. qT\+<sT n >TDeTT\#


|se X\>T#THsT. nTe+{ seTTq |{_ weTT #jT T <Xs < T &T sqT
` , <eeTT ysT> \#qT. @H& <Xs<T&T q eseTT\ |ueeTT#
lseTT&T ` djTT, \DT&TqT y+s>, nsDydeTTq jT\T<sqT.

>TVQ \sTT
+<+ +<+ |\eTVA, s|Ty-sDjsT
<H eH $\|+ kbs'
j<+ s|TT|s>CVM rsu$T+
d \+ >TVeTV+ b|yH LyT
lseTT&T eqeTTq>>, seTT +# eTq q +<yTq~ <!
+ H eTV|sTw #&Hq $\ qyT <qeTT dTe! n
keT+<* |\T $\|+|k]. nj< $& >+>rseTTq #]q s|Te&T
$TT&q >TVQ <]+, eTeTT> LeTTqT #sT=HqT.

b<T\ |{_weTT

jT+ sT useTeb\+ eTq-k


k+ |s$~' k>+ #w'
> + $|\e#d b<+ >V
q+~>yT ed us, b<T |seT&
@ esT&T eTVsE eq sT=q< ` usT&T `
eTsD+q +& s s\T sT| yTqeeT seTT qT+& e#qT.
nq>sq lseTTq seT]+|<\, LeTTq y[ m+>H
b]+#qT. bsq eseTT >, seTTq |<T\T> b<T\qT >V+,
usT&T q+~>eTeTT ed+|k>qT. seT b<T\T |{_weTTq$.

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72

1
nsY, 2014

<+&sD|yXeTT

usqd+, <qTVqH< dsH TTwuH


y|+ uj~>VH kserjT'
+ seT' sTDe#Hs]d+jTMT+<'
k$T qT|<eTVH <+&j+ $s<yT
z seT#+<! eTT{+{ y s&e. sksDyTq
sT <+& dse+X d+CT&yq ||eTT y|+#T> ` nqT
d+jTMT+<T\ sTD|eTT\ #*+bsTTq s|Ty+<T&T ys+<] nujT
yTTd+>qT. $s<e<H ndTsd+VseTT bs+_+|&qT.

Kse<

>bs+ + |dueT_ seDkqTC


k$Td~esHd+ #s
k|+ Ks\eTVH <wD+ # os+
Vw+ # Kss u$TCj eTTUyT
s &q lseTT ` eTTjT <]#su sTTq~ ` seDk<] XSsDK.
k$T yT eTT#e\qT K+&+#qT. < |+ eq Ks<wD~ sd
\eTTq+{ d+V]+, dsqjTT&q seTT&T u$T eTTK |<eTTqT
|\]+|#dqT.

d|V sDeTT

<yd+ $<[qkqes q+

b\k-| _V<jT' |]d<H


e#+ b> eTDeTjT eT>+ |w, |X~$
><+ V, qqj eqjed \+yT
qkqeTTqT sdXSqeTT> e]q jTT<eTTq <e\T
q+~+]. ~ $ \#+~q seDT&T XSsDK# |s|+|&, e#T
ejT&> eTT+<T |+|, |eT, seT\DT\T XeTeTTqT |y +H&T.
><sCq {jTTeqT e~+, Cq \+ =bsTT H&T seDT&T.

X] \sTT
e u'! <eTT|> essTTeCyT
| s|TT|s><XeT+ XSqdyT

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73

C
><Y C $wjTeT\+, |eY s ,
|+brs $T X+, V +<yT
Hj T H e TT&! Cq $& , sTTf \
eej! n |\T#T e&e&> eq seTTq
dsVyTq XeTeTT +#qT. =q bDeTT qTq
{jTTe d e+eTTqT *, bDeTT\T $&Te>, <Xs<T =q]q+
u > {jTTeq |s $<T q]H&T s|T e&T. dHwD eTT+<T
k, +<T d+V]+, |+bdses b+eTTq |djTq X]
<]+H&T lseTT&T.

lseTdT^e\ yT

dHXS <, $\eTqk, <sus #, yTr,


yTreb |s|TT|r yjTT|d <Y
$b#s|TeV+ <T+<TuXwjT+
k qq|sXs- q+<jT|yT
+ &|T#T, $\eTqdT, us $j>eTT qTq dsqjT
d+CTq lseT dT^e\ VqTeT+T <eTT# nkyTq yT
jTs&q~. @H& y*# VT&q <T+<T_ Xw seTTqT *>{ $s$T,
@&T k\eeTT\qT uDeTT K+&+, dT^eq q |seTeTT|
qeTeTT, <seTT, *Z+H&T s|Ty+<T&T.

y*e<

Bs<e<T|>\+ us+ XVq+


u+ y |<eTeTjTY, qT, |Xqes
dT^eX |uT|<eT><+>< jTes+
es sy qjT $sV |d-~
lseTT sD \e+T&q k<sT ` dT^e ` XVqT>
\ y* bs&qT. =*bsT $jTT&q y* eT*bsT eTsD+#qT.
deTd yqs eTTq dT^e&T eTVsE >, n+><T&T jTTesjTqT.
y] w+< |+|, $sVjTq lseTT&T |deD |s >TVydT&, d

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74

1
nsY, 2014
d+|eTT &dbe#T, essTeqT yBdqT.

dHwDeTT
eT>kUw\d uyH ~|eD+
+ k$T+ X$TeTssj yqsX'
~ yb' |eqeTTU Cq#s
d+bX |X$Tujq+><B+Xs
dTU\ eTT, n\dTe \j|q #jTT#T+{$ dTe n
|T& +~+|eq k$T s eT<Ts e#qeTT\ |X+ TH=q]
H&T dT^e&T. deqT yT dT^e# C|+#&q VqTeT<~
yqs MsT\T q\T~\ |sT>T\T rd]. n+<T <DeTTq jT\T<]q
n+><<T\T, >&T e eTTdq<qT uj
T eTT bj|yX e TTq d<| & ] . {jTT
k<sT&q d+b, sd~ =s ` nqT n# e \+ dd
*|, ujTeTTqT =\+, yqsMsT\qT sqTKT\ H=qsqT.

deTT<eTT <T

V <q+, sTV<jT <seT_' jH


jMTT |$TeTT<><+Hq+<<sT
HH Vw dTsd', d+V|TX \++
X qqj+ <wyH +Xb<'
n+Hq+<<sTT ` VqTeT+T&T n+><<T\ ` <qeTT e\<T
<seTT> qT+&T&T ` deTT<eTT H+ ` <T> y#THqT ` n
|* V|s#T#T, eTV+<|seTTqT+& deTT<\+|TeTTq |$T+#qT.
n&T> +q yTH Ksu+ >yT Tq] <{, H>e dTsdq T q keTs eTT
#|, |\+|Cd, #j>VyTq d+V >T+& N*, \+q>s sD `
\+D sTT+q k$T, s y y nXeqeTT deqT
#H&T.

VqTeT+T d+<XeTT

~qH d+, s|TT|s+ b# <+>TjT+


#&s+ deTT|>yH e+|PsyT
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75

C
<k<H V]| esTsV<
\++ <> |\jTT seTbs+ >eT
* d+w|i #T#T, seTT e+eTTqT |*, seTHe+>TjT
eTTqT yT deT]+#qT. Cq #|q n_Cq>< ` e+eTTqT
>TsT+#T=, yT sTTq #&eTD seTTq#T u<|i#T=H&T
esT. |eT nXeqeTTqT <+dyTTq], n es~ sdMsT\qT
d+V]+, +<T |j+q VgeTTq T&q be seDT
<eTTHi|, \+qT udyTTqsqT. ] yqsMsT\qT \T|=, lseTT
<]#] de+eT+jT $e]+#qT.

$;wDT s ` dT sDeTT

j V d\ >+ ` + XsD+ |CMT`


Tjd<Xs<dT+ seDkqTH
; d+< q\|DjY dT+<Y
s k+ V]\jTT s|Te' b| \+yT
m\eTTq mesT s& ` n{ lseTT XsDTs<qT n
q nq |*q $;wDT&T \+qT+& e s|Te XsDTb+<qT. deTT<T
kjTeTTq #dq bj|yXeTT eseTT >, |+q <Xs~ <qTdT
H|fqT. n+, ;T& eq k>sT&T, dT+<eTTq q\T deTsT>
|* qT. q\dTe ]yT q ~. q ], V]\eTT, eTT+<T q&e> s|T TseTT&T
\+C]H&T.

jTT<s+ueTT ` +usT e<

j<e' |eqV MJeX k-uY


jTT< \+ X\u+ ee| |Vd'
<+ sDeTT|> seTuDVdH
u <+ |qs| |s+ XXr+ +us'
eTVjTT<es+uyT+~. yjTTq+<qT&T <e bDyjTTe\T
V]+#T yTT<{ \ q~. |dH~| \T&T ` nq+<qT&T < `
\T |se sd dH~| |V dT& T $T&j
T bsTTH&T. < eT<
\e+eTT> | & d+>eTeTTq eq +u s T & T , seTuDeTT\# VT&
|<<Ts XXeTT> #sT=H&T.
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76

1
nsY, 2014

+<Y e<

q' bDH+ $wjTuT^ Cq d+|e `


e+ y+ <qTq>s XSjT X|PsyT
b\dd |jTeTdT yT|TH< V-uY
<s |~eTqTH \D HX>q
e sdT\ bDyjTTe\T & \ds MT Cq<$, nj
` \+ #TeT&T#Tq~ ` nH& Xe#qeTT\T \+ ds $+#T
#Tq$. <s dd+<X sy <Xs~s~ bsTw #-|<+<' Xsq+
V seDyT nqT eTVeT+eTTqT q uDeTT C&+q \DT&T,
seDT |jTeT |T&q +<TqT d+V]+#qT.

seD d+VseTT
|#qdH s|TT\e< ds-ud<yT
nu+ yT |d, |d <VdeT<
| eTT dTsVb< seT#+<'
b\d+ + $V<T]+ sT$T#Ts|q
zsTT seD! ejT yweTT <=+>y e s|TTe+X e<TeqT
n|V]+He. |{ e H +&He. <T> ` H\ L<e
nqT#T |*, d\ eTT<e +<eTT\ VsT&q lseT#+<T&T
seDdTsT b|sV T #jT <\ d+V]+H&T. ds eTT\T d+d+ q$.

n|y
X e TT

# sY dl' d\e k MX'


#s|T' d\eeTY |PoyT
n> X~' dTs>DqT', b<d #C `
<+|X]eT|TTwY ds|<XyT
#sT# n|V]+#&q dsZ\, d\ edeTT<jTeTT, #s M&
d#H=+~]. <=+>qT #+|q MsT&T eeTT q \eqT ` beq
o\qT ` $& |T#THqT, <] ~ nH&T. m+ eTT, n|yXeTT,
n ` +< ` X+s ` |eTV<T\+<sT e =j&T, +& <Xs<T&T
+ q+<eTTqT |{ + , nj< y[ |{_w \ T +&T n C|+ #T,
.... <+jTT <+|T\ #]qT eqeC esZ<seTT >qT, <seTT
>qT <w+q~.
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77

C
lseT|{_weTT

< s+ <qT|jT, |w+ b| kY


>-j<+ $T[usk|keT+jT<'
eq+< >TsT$~b||{_w
<s+ qVeTr seTs+ #s
lseTT |k<eTT $;wDT&T \+XsT&H&T. n&T |weTTqT
q jTTd>>, dseTT&T d|]ysT& nj< #sT=H&T. DyTT
jTT>eTT> m<TsT##T#Tq usT nq #sT=, |`keT+ +<eTT
L&, \T\ |seq+<eTTqT *+#T#T, edc~ >TsTe\ odT\
lseT#+<T&T |{_w&H&T. |\ eTeTTq+< eTqdT*|, ss\
y] <seTT> *# seTseTTqT #d #|+H&T eTVqTue&T.

lseesde |

j d |qs| eq+ b|>sX<


H X\edT, jTV yc
ebb |Ts~ |<+, |Psees+
eT syT $X dsjT+, lX<eT ||PsyT
|seTbeq #]jTq de +&T >]D> q <X eTs\
nsDeTTq |+|&q~. y XeTeTT * X\e\qT |d$+q~.
~$ y y] q w\T> |+H&T. X\e\T lseTT#
<]+#& |{_wHsT. q nes |jqeTT Hsy]q< >T]+q
s|TTseTT&T dsjTq~ |y+|>, y+seTT
lX<eTyT |+q~.

lsesDeTT ` |d+VseTT

d seT d\>+ dejT dTo


#]+ *K dT\u+ seTb<u+>'
dsy jT |<jTT eTT|P&qyjT'
Hs+u+ |X$TTeTH qk|\MT
qT\+<]# d$+|<q Xu#]>\
dseTT\ d#]eTTqT, seTb< |<XjTT&q
eTT|P& jTdseTXd, q k|\eTT

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78

1
nsY, 2014
sT#T, eTs\ Hs+ueTT +&TH, T dT\ueTT> s+H&T.
l u q eTBjT#]+ sejTDH|
l HsjTDXd Xg\~kX $<|<'
leH s|Te s| $T<s{ HsjTD d<TZsT'
>jTr jTseT e$T<+ <<Y dTK+ d+|<'

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79

q #e<

|| |eTT\T

(7)

` & +\|P& y+fXsT, &T|\b&T.


|HjT $sVeTT :
$H<eTT> $eT\\+T\Hs& y\T>T\ k>dT\
H\Tq{jTTqT, >*&>+< #H=+<T Hi$]<eTT\
qi > & T q{ j T TqT, e\sE y* | \
<\<\Tq{jTTqT, =iT yTiT+>T\ qTD+#T
q{j
T THq q qT\T d+V\T eTq+T H=qTqT ds + ~ jp#q.
> =Hq. s>sd e TTq eTTbjTq. eT<q$ jT\& qT~\>=Hq.
sb_e>eq H eTT> j>T|+#T, n|+#T beTT,
d+<seTT. qe\q eTT qqT yT qjTT\eTT <\eTTCjT H=\$T
jTTy =# H=\ d>TZ#H, qT\eT+<CjTT ... yTjT<
HiT+>bsTTq+<T\ qqT u<qqTu$+H&T #&T.
sT\>Z*+ iTyTTi&T#T+&> d#H=+~q +u |T
|\T<=&+>qT. \T>Tq =*> |sTw$sVy<q eeTTq y+q~.
\> HeT qeTT+<T sT>&q HqT\ <$rsTq. qeT<
qT$ qTpq HqTeqeTd#q eT>Tq. sTq>e usjT*q
HseTT\~ skjTqeT>Tq. eT>Te H\sTT+| ~$]q H&<q+
<~ \T>Tq. +_ eTeqq+ sTT+|b+|]ye H\T=q<\
b+~q q~ q|\ eT>Tq. e\sE e\&q d+V\T&T d <qT
VQ$< ||+T\ u<T>&T| <=&+>qT.
~jT+jT T $V \qeTT. d+deTTq sTTVdyT q eTVus
>< qqjT e>seeTT u|+|CjT q <X\DeTTqT k~+H&T.
bs eTH|\eTT| # s|eTTqT k]+|Cd jT|qT+&<q
E>T|qT sTDjT+<T eTT+ D\eTT skudyTTq]+H&T.
eTTd jTT\T+& q# dT<w ds+~ s$+ wu$+#T#T
jT- sTD! <VeTT HH\T |&T#Tbe#Tq~. dTydHu]

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80

1
nsY, 2014
eT~sde bqeTTq> H <VeTTBs<T . HyTqT j+|ue jTse TTq
| sTDbjTyT < |<seTT! n+<Te\q~ k_bjT |j>eTT.
q y#$jT>T ysTD # sTT+> <=sT<. y# =
seTq~. <+#T C_eT yT~i *jTs<T. n+<T=iyT |&q
bT qjTT bqe#TqT. m+<Te\qq> eT\eTTq eT&TeTT\
yTj<+#T, yT jTe<] +#T ]q$. yT qH&T # &T j sT
>$+q | eT<eTTqT bqeTT#jT >TV\eT>T#Tq<jTT, | sTyT
e\qH rse\jTT qjTT ]q~. yT j<TssTZ sTT+{ y qq~. sDeTT
ysT>T<Teq~. H ejT+<T |y+q|&T |{+q jTeTeTT\qT
>TsT#dq~. m+<s <dqT\T+& <qT j+#Tf+<Tq~. dV eeTe
eT+d- s||&&T | qee+#Tq #|q~. <|~ sTT+
e{&qqT dT<w de<qeTT- HH u<|sjT qT
|+|#T+{- nqT#T bqb #ydq~. \T>T dT<w jTT<T.
y# sTT#{">= se #eTT> >eTqy>+TH- e$q
|dy]# eT| >$+#T=+ \T>TH \T\T |&TbT |b<eTT\
=eqT |+#TqT. sT&T e nT bqT, sTTT bqT r]~<T
$ $&~ eyTjT>T >u\T- dyX DeTTq H=+
VdsdeTT<$+#T#Tq~. eTTq q>TT sT> $<eTTq HTqqT
yTqT q eTT |T\ +|eq sD jTT\jT> jT<TqTq~ e ]D
<T<! k<sDeTT> <deTTq J$+#Ty] eTHe |dbjTeTTqH
jTT+&TqT. n+<T#H jTe =+#eTT b>&q+H b+bsTT m+|
HqqT #jT kVd+TsT.
ds + ~ <|~<! < jTsy T q ~. \eTT \& * q ~. #s eTTq #eT\T
|{q$. &+~ $#seTT |{q~. jTeqTs{ |#|qqT #jTqq s<~
dy<seTT. n \e+ jT#{q sT>qTq jTqseTT <s $sT<eTT,
uVeTTH eTVuj
T +se TT> b&> T#T q~. HsT q H Bs>\ <s eTT
H<eeTTH y& &+<[ eqdjT eqe jTyTTq]+| pq~. mT
H$~ j+|e\< #|q~.
\>+~jT d+u~+q~. eT\eTTq s|jT bs+_+
q~. n~ de\T eTjTe b>&T#T |\T]+#T rsT. & <|~

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81

C
<w dT<wjTT n~seTTq+f yT dueeTTqq d#, s\eTT
dw| & T #Tq$. q{ | j+#T jyT dueeTTq $sT<e T sTT+<*
d#q. qqTeTTqT, <Tw]ys j>eTTHq j|=i=&qT +|
qT&T>TeTHqT. |T <T qqT, n s\#] u] eT>T dT<w >VeTTq
+qTq q{| j+#T >THjT sqT. |<> H+#qT.
k<T\Td] H$T> <Tw{# u<\u+<+& <eTb\ ed+q |<ysT ~
y]= j|< |+& >#T{|> jTbjTeTTddq +< |<jT
<sesqeTTqT >TsT #dqT. H= eTVs>eq s<seTT qT++|
kVd+#qT. sT\ sTT+& +|e\<jTT, #eTT\>T |qT\ TsesTT+|
e\<jTTqT H{ eTjTT|+<eTT >TsTdjT> dT<wjTT <q jTqT+T\
H=+ ++#H> eTT e\e+ <\+ qjTeTTqHq H=|+#T |jT eTT
$s$T+#<T. yT CjTTq~ | *jT><T<! eTT| C*+f
jT&q ujTeT~eTT. $wjTeTT eT\eTTq+<T d#q eeTT> qTqqT
\T>Tq X<yT n<XyTq~.
qT eTqdT|&q eT<Teq jTT w+#T <qeTqyTT|
ds + ~| C| qqT#T <j>eTT <Tw]ysj >eTT <H& T $wjT eTT
<+|Cdq~. rjT> <H+ |+q| | b{+|, nVq$<q
jTTC> qTeT*+#T~ HjTeTT jTeTT *jT jTqT#T T+>eT
|{q~. dFjT d+u~+ dVTs*> >s$+q~. jTeqTs*T qT
d+u$+| H |]#] sd]+|>\<T!
+q $<+ Tq HsTT+yeTTq H{ jTqTL\ ueeTTqT dT]+|
eTi+ jTqTqjTyeTT& <=&+> qT. n~ sTT\T<Hq T. n# ds + ~
*jT ysesTqT sHqT. n+jT> jTe]$<eTTq C|eH $<eTT>
q#{ys\s C|jTT+qHqT. T< ds+~H=|+#T dT<wb
eTTKeTTq |*+q - b]+|Cdq rsT $V |u sDeTT. m<Ts&
d +qT uq>T jT$yeT>Tq <|~jTTqT \e+#qT.
eTqeTT]j&T#T+& ds+~ #k jTb\ VseTTH=+<T#T q+~
sTT#T +#q #w + T T= #sT$#qeTT se TT\T> MT< _&T>T|&
y +qT eT+\ <dqT n|{ # Te#q+T\>T+<T qT
<q<$ dT<w |+q$<eTT eTi+ s<+u+~+| HseT]jT d+V\T
.... (dXw+)
yd+Tq jT\T<sqT.

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82

1
nsY, 2014

l<M K&Ze
7. X<eqy+e
Xd|e+ (d) wqeeyT
nd lX < eqy + e eTV eT+ d
V+~j~csT +<~ TTw', >r #q ' ,
u><dsu{s|sd' dsdr\* eT+&+'
dsyTXseTVu{s <e. + ;+ - + X'
- k' \+ - Vd< $j>'.
V+~j~csTTH +<~TTwjT qeT' (sd) , >r#q d qeT'
(eTTU), u><d su{ s | s d jT dsd r\*eT+&+jT ds yTXs
eTVu{sjT <ejT qeT'(V~), + ;CjT qeT'(>TV), + XjT
qeT'(Hu), k' \jT qeT'(b<j'), $j>jT qeT' (ds+>) V+ ~H sV<j~Hd'
sHd'
V<j~Hd'
V+ n+>Tcu+ qeT'
V+ V<jjT qeT'
V+ su+ qeT'
V+ sd kV
VA+ eT<eu+ qeT'
VA+ UjT ew{
V+ nH$Tu+ qeT'
V+ e#jT VQyT
V+ wu+ qeT'
V+ HjjT yw{
V' s\s|cu+ qeT'
V' nkjT |{
usTedTes$T ~>+<'
<qX' :
su+ H+ eTDeTjTT+ s+seT+
Vk+uCdbX+XeT<q<qTkjT]dTsqyT
|qed\\X\TssVs+>+
<jT<+usTVd+ dsTDeTedq+ dXs+ #XsDyT
X <Vddsq - V-|w$<' y
+#ueeb - jT< keT\
(\+, ~ |+#|PC+ sY)
\+ |BjT qeT' >+<+ |]\j$T
V+ XjT qeT' |w+ |]\j$T
jT+ yjTTjT qeT' <|+ |]\j$T
s+ djT qeT' B|+ |]\j$T
e+ neTjT qeT' neT|Vs+ |]\j$T
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83

C
+ V+ l+ z+ qeT'
31 \|qeTjjT qeT' b<T+ |Pj$T
1 |sdT+<sjT qeT' b<T+ |Pj$T 32 <s#seTjjT qeT'

(Hk+><e\T 6)

33 eTToXseTjjT qeT'

2 V<jT<yjT qeT'

34 B|H<eTjjT qeT'

3 s<yjT qeT'

35 $w<eeTjjT qeT'
4 U<yjT qeT'

36 |us<eeTjjT qeT'

5 e#<yjT qeT'

37 C<eeTjjT qeT'

6 H<yjT qeT'

38 eTH<eeTjjT qeT'
7 nd<yjT qeT'

39 D<eeTjjT qeT'
(c&X ~T\T 16)

40 s<eeTjjT qeT'
8 yTXsjT qeT'

41 ydT<eeTjjT qeT'

9 u>e*H qeT'
42 lseq+<eTjjT qeT'
(u|seTT |<eTsK <e\T 10)
10 HjT qeT'

11 usT+&jT qeT'
43 nDed<jT qeT'

12 eVydH qeT'
44 \|Ted<jT qeT'
13 eTVeCXsjT qeT'

45 eTVed<jT qeT'

14 e<jT qeT'
46 d<jT qeT'

15 ]jT qeT'
47 ed<jT qeT'

16 \dT+<sjT qeT'
48 beTd<jT qeT'

17 jT qeT'
49 uTd<jT qeT'

18 \|jT qeT'
50 #d<jT qeT'

19 $jjT qeT'
51 b|d<jT qeT'

20 dseT+>jT qeT'
52 dseTd<jT qeT'

(u|s+ ~rjT sK <e\T 8)


21 Ce*H qeT'

22 jT qeT'
53 uVjT qeT'

23 eTVjT qeT'
54 eVXsjT qeT'
(>TsT eT+&\+)

55 esjT qeT'

24 |syTXs|syTXsjT qeT'
56 ywyjT qeT'

25 $TXeTjjT qeT'
57 ysVjT qeT'

26 wwXeTjjT qeT'
58 eV+<jT qeT'

27 &XeTjjT qeT'
59 #eTT+&jT qeT'

28 #sH<eTjjT qeT'
60 eTV\ qeT'

(u|s+ rjTsK <e\T 10)


29 beTT<eTjjT qeT'

30 n>deTjjT qeT'
61 dsd+_D qeT'
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84

1
nsY, 2014
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72

ds$<$D qeT' b<T+ |Pj$T


dssDjT qeT'

dseX+sjT qeT'

dsH~H qeT'

dseTV+XjT qeT'

dsU#sjT qeT'

ds;CjT qeT'

dsjqjT qeT'

dsK+&jT qeT'

yVq#k$TH qeT'
|{jH qeT'

(c&X<|<eT+<* sD<e\T(16)

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

esDjT qeT'
T<sDjT qeT'
nV+ssDjT qeT'
XusDjT qeT'

dssDjT qeT'
sbsDjT qeT'
sksDjT qeT'

>+<sDjT qeT'
sDjT qeT'

<ssDjT qeT'

dsDjT qeT'
HesDjT qeT'
;CsDjT qeT'

sDjT qeT'
neTsDjT qeT'
XssDjT qeT'
dsX|]|Ps#k$TH qeT'
>T|jH qeT'

(nw<|<eT+<* <e\T 8)

91 nq+>dTejT qeT'
92 nq+>yTKjT qeT'
93 nq+>eT<HjT qeT'

94 nq+>eT<HTsjT qeT' b<T+ |Pj$T

95 nq+>sUjT qeT'

96 nq+>yH qeT'

97 nq+>+XjT qeT'

98 nq+>e*H qeT'

99 dsd+uD#k$TH qeT'

100 >T|sjH qeT'


(#TsXseT+&* <e\T 14)

101 dsd+_D qeT'

102 ds$<$D qeT'

103 dssDjT qeT'

104 dsV~H qeT'

105 dsdyVH qeT'

106 dsd+_H qeT'

107 ds+_D qeT'


108 dseX+sjT qeT'

109 dss+H qeT'

110 dsH~H qeT'

111 dssk~H qeT'


112 dsd+||PsDjT qeT'
113 dseT+eTjjT qeT'
114 ds<+<jT+sjT qeT'
115 dsku><jT#k$TH qeT'
116 d+|<jTjH qeT'

(VsXseT+&* <e\T 10)

117 dsd~|<jT qeT'


118 dsd+|<jT qeT'
119 ds|jT+sjT qeT'
120 dseT+>\]D qeT'
121 dseT|<jT qeT'
122 ds<T'K$yH qeT'
123 dseTT|XeTHjT qeT'
124 ds$|Ty]D qeT'
125 ds+>dT+<sjT qeT'

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85

C
126 dsku><sTTH qeT' b<T+ |Pj$T 155 eTVyTXsjT qeT'

127 dssk<#k$TH qeT'

156 eTVeCXsjT qeT'


128 rsjH qeT'

157 eTVu>e*H qeT' b<T+ |Pj$T


(n+sXs eT+&* <e\T 10)

158 eTVldT+<sjT qeT'


129 dsCjT qeT'

159 dsd~|<#k$TH qeT'


130 dsXjT qeT'

160 nsVdjH qeT'


131 dsXs|<jT qeT'
(qeeesD<eHeTeTT)

132 dsCqeTjjT qeT'

161 lleTVu{sjT qeT'


133 dsy~|XeTHjT qeT'

162 dsq+<eTjT#k$TH qeT'


134 ds<sdsbjT qeT'

163 |s|ssVdjH qeT'


135 dsb|VsjT qeT'

qe# XsHeTeTT\T
136 dsq+<eTjjT qeT'

164 |sjT qeT'

137 dssds|D qeT'

165 |sXjT qeT'


138 ds||<jT qeT'

166 |sdT+<sjT qeT'


139 dsss#k$TH qeT'

167 |sydH qeT'


140 >sjH qeT'

168 |sjT qeT'


(ncseT+<* y>e\T 8)

169 |se*H qeT'

141 eH qeT'
170 |sd<jT qeT'

142 yTXsjT qeT'

171 |s+ujT qeT'

143 y~H qeT'


172 eTV|sdT+<sjT qeT'

_+<T# XsHeTeTT\T
144 $eTjT qeT'

145 nsTDjT qeT'


173 eTVeTVXsjT qeT'

146 sTTH qeT'


174 eTVeTVsCjT qeT'

147 dsXsjT qeT'


175 eTVeTVXjT qeT'

148 *H qeT'
176 eTVeTV>TbjT qeT'

149 dss>Vs#k$TH qeT'


177 eTVeTV|jT qeT'

150 sVdjH qeT'


178 eTVeTVq+<jT qeT'
(DeT+&* <e\T)

179 eTVeTVd+<jT qeT'

151 uDH qeT'


180 eTVeTVXjjT qeT'

152 #|H qeT'


181 eTVeTVl#q>sdeC qeT'

qeTd ' kV
153 bH qeT'

l+ V+ yT (2784)
154 n+H qeT'
#Tso~ d|Xs ~dksD ` X< eqy+e
(|q' n+>HdsHk sY. z+ usTedTe' ~y')

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86

1
nsY, 2014

z+ |+\jT qeT'

j>d\T
(7)

` +>T+ dTuse, Ns\.

d+ 18 :` $seT|jud|Ps' d+ksXc-q'
Having achieved the fourth stage, the aspirant shall now focus on
Consciousness itself, without reference to any object, now that he is no longer
attached to the senses and their objects.

u |<se# #~+ |+#u\ >TD| <]+q+


eq k<&T | |]~ <{qT < +<{ d+ #|=HeTT.
m+<T+f, >TDeTT\T L& |y qT. |> +~jqTue $wj\T
e #q #\ T>, }V+#q+ >&+> HTbsTT +{sTT.
y{ n~>$T+qT q|{, C n$ |P]> edbe. eT eT
yTT\{ d<+> +{sTT. M{ d d+ks\T, ydq\T n
Xg+ |s=+T+~. $ m+ yTT+&y *jTC|y yTq`$X$TT\ < +{
|sD TTw\ <\T. d+ks;C\T L& ysTT+q $H\e yTT\
X jT |s++ k<q =qk>*. n+ es | Je y+q+{
edH +T+~. k<q ksTTq+<Tq sTy, n|&T e seTT,
sdTeTT nsTTq k<q =qk+#e. n+f, q k<q, @> @
HeTs|sd > + <j
T TyT q edTy |+#u eTT\ {j
(|+#u eTT\
>TDds|eTT\T HeTs|sd > + <X u <T qT) M{ nryT q
#qjTT dVMT<H \T|e\d jTT+T+~. n+s+>+ <w k]k&T
k<&T. n+f, d\| <{, d| <]+, < <{ ns|
#HdVjTT | bs\qT <{, qT <]k&T. <sq+ qT
nqTu$+#~ q e#q $X#q+f n_qyTq<q d. n|&T
k< &T q b|+ HeTsb~ ku$q ~>$ T+ M nryT q jT
q >Vk&T. yTq HqTqT <]k&T. ~ #seT<X. k<&T <X
#sTe{ @> |<q k<q+> +es #|&q~. @>qT
k~+#+ m{? nq |X de<q+> 19e d+ #|&q~.

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87

C
d+ 19 :` ue|j $<V|\jHyT
What if an aspirant without perfecting non-attachment by practice,
aspires to reach higher? He shall reach a state of bodyless godliness, or shall
become one with Natural Forces.

V+<Te\ <w J$ u$TMT< eyT eTqT>& \y&T &T.


J$ Je&T nqTy&T nH $<q d\ nqTuy J$ k+#
neX+ q~. +<T = d\ J$+ <T'KusTTw+ > eT]=
q+<eTjT+. <T'K+qT, q+<+q nqTue#jT\T $$<+>
+{sTT. M{H V+<Te qse TT, dseZ TT n |\Tk&T . nsTT, Je&T m&>
XXT&T &T. j nqTuy\T =+\+ eyT. m+ nqTue+? m+
\+? nq |X\ de<H\T j Je\ s\qT { sjT+.
nsTT s \D+ Je | { |&yjT+. qT e
byTq nqTuy. | nr+ y\qT+f @> *|
k~+#e\dq~ d+>eTT, n+f, <>, me]> d+>eTT \sTT
be+, Non-attachment nq~. nq>, +es @< u |<s+|
> |+#u\ <| > @>qT k~+ | >&sb
>V+q k<&T d+>T& | n~>$T+#e\dqy&e&T. <,
| H bsTT, eqe&T>, sd T &T>, <e\ &T >, #T>, |> ,
+Te>, { nH $<\T> eT eT d | e\jT+H
X+K<T& +&b&T.
.... (dXw+)

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88

1
nsY, 2014

l'

wy

l u\+=+&seTsjT $$s

~qsyUdV y<qeTTe+sZ
H|wY
X

jTjTesTsDs Hd H+ # +
XX$TeT+ V<-| V<jT+ y#X y#eTsyT
bDbD$TV~> X qeTdwD
de+ qTe|e |seT+ $c' |<+ XXyT
7
y : n< H|w<UjT. d>TDV$< Xsb|s_V.
n< V$< $<Ve\+ uer e<H ` d + YCqd |<qeTvZ+
# <sjT. jT ` jT' jTesTsDs' djD+ #sBH+
esTd bDyjX sDs' |s'. + Hd # #c| H+ #'
XX+ Xk| X+ V< eTqk| V<jT+ eTq'. jT< T<s|
T~+ y#X y#| y#+ bDbD+ bDk| bD+ |s$TeTeq+
X $<+d' VdHe q ne <V y. n~> b|
k jeY n @e ndwD' dse' sk|d |s+ <c
es ^e#H~ ue'. jT< X ndw D dq qeT~> qjT'.
ceTd dHdq @yCk~s~. e+ |+ qT+
bsuekH ue'. |se T+ XX+ $c' |se q' |<+ ds|+ b|e
` VkjTT+ \uq s'. nHq dseT>' |<HvZ+ Cqd d<yT.
d @e CH *vZ+ #. u$H yk| d @e d#'. jT< ds |eTT#H
e jT d V~ X'. qd+ #+ jTesTsDs+
H ~ H ~ x. qqT. j T ~ H < s eT H ~ e Tq ]
k|q~qek. jT~ q k] Hd H$T~e#qeTqs $ T #H w
<w ' . H ~ + e $w j T | X q d e Ts + < w + # d
keTse#Hudsd|jTTyTy |yHeTs CqXeT

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89

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jXeT # jT<#HHqT>V u HB sbBH Cq
yDB e#qbDH~ j' s eq+ $~ eTT#
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X #sx jT y>| eTHC<<q<C<q s~+ deTT~ yD # jTq djTyT
T< jTq eT+ # jTq T eT T~XeXw
jTCH q jT<- eTsT<VHbdyT
8
y : @e+ # s<X s~<q'. jT # sx q |ds
#s>V Y. y>| Hx y#-y# jeY. eTqX Hx
eTqk-eTqe Y. jT<V C<qY. eTq jT$wjT+ V
edTC$TT#. < jTY. nC<|q<e. CuY `
jT~ZsH~eTT~+ q ue. jTq # yD djT+ deTT~ ue. jT<T<
q eT+ q T<+ jTq # T~seeTT<. jTY XeXw CH. XeXw
T jTq C $|]DeT'. eTsTD jT jTk<s bD. Y
V ue . bdq T V q ue . bd dj
T V<jT $wjT <VDX
<$wjTY. k<Tbdke V |ses'.
8
X y<H+ V~y eTqk j y< <u+ d`
H y<d q y< H eTqT j y< deTY
$C+ $Cq+ V<$C+ |qsq+
C+ yT |u<yT~ q- eT+ $q
9
y : q e\+ jT<Tbd+ <V q uere qT jT~~+ <|
V q ueyV y< ` jT' eTqk nV+ V<Vy< yB ny
eTq d<V <ueT\yTe y<. jT' |q' nd nV+ V y< H eTqT.
q y<| q eTqT deT><. nV+ Vy< j eTq d q V$Y.
nCjT <VD'. jTdV+ Ve y<. q V+ V CHMT. q
CHMT y. eTq. d $<qV$Y. CT sV$< @e V~ ue'.
V<V. n$CqqT $C+ Cq+ |qs$Cy T . n$CqH deT>] q'.
c+ $CeTk_sV eTser $CeT$Cq $TTyT.
deT>]qdT VDs| T<<Tb<jT @yk_sYCjTH qT V
eTqq CqeT$C$TTyT. X~ + $Cq.

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90

1
nsY, 2014
eT< ds b~eT$C+ ue nCqyTe T n< d+ $C+ ue r |d< y T .
<Y. VD CjTk<d<e $< q C+ V |Xs'.
CTsq @e V<VD q CdeTe' C Cj
keH~sD j>~ ue'. <<V yT |u<+ u< u<C$T
eT $< Xw' neT+ V$q bb. u< T~e'. jT<jT<
nV+ VdKDsT~esjT << Vks CjT
$<Tw'. @e+d |u<+ eTj V $~yTy eTq $<H. <<H#
eTT uers'. qqT. j V eTj $~$T eTq d eT& @yT+
bV T $|sjTD <+ y||]Vs #<T#. |\y|\D
C u y | T~ e y | \ D C q eTd e V D ` j T q
|\y|\D+. C+ VD <X d @eeT&'. n$<eq d
VD. @q nV+ Vd XeD~H C jT de<yqeTX
d $<qT# d<yT ` jT<. yT |u<+ C$Td eeT
dsT~eks'. jT< |u<+ Cq+ dsT~ek < <V yT
ds|$T Xw' eTqjT'. C$T s] '. n<y C$T uy '.
Cq$Ts'. |u<eTqTd+ Cq+ V jeY.
9
X CH~Ve j-d d d< VH ds
H CH T j $HXeTjT uj+deT d H
Ce+ X $q |seT+ uw uw
<Vd$T ||< |]VjvZ+ uH-eTyT
10
y : VCHq e\+ Vue' qT <ue|jTT$HX
uy|V. CHr ` jT' Ve eTqTwqHe. @<V CH d
d<| ds ds| V H-d $<. q <<| kd$Ts'.
jTdT @H CH d' n' ` H ` eTqTw'. uj+d+ $HX+ `
qsb ~\D eTjT ` bb. X @e+ C. u w u w ds |
seT+ V $q < <+ VVeTd ||< nvZ+ |]VjT
neT+ V uH.
10
X jTkqT>V $>TsdTsH<j <e'
X d D+ q <>TeTq\' |+ # Hy\'
jTkqT>VesH<~>+ <ysTeuw`
<s<s+ # jT\d ~<q+ $<TyT
11

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91

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y : jT<T+ VD-d~>eT<s+ s$eTsT<V~#c <<~
<e dTjT. jTd. H<j, <e jTkqT>V @ydTs>T' `
eq'. jTkqT>VesH<q\' DeT| <>T+ q X d HXY. n\X
DeT| | + H e X d . j T s < s + # j T Y < y ] H ~ _ '
euw sry<~>+ ` CedY. $<TeT| $<q+ udq+
<V \d. k<>BH+ <V~ keTs|<+ V Hd e+ q X
_bjT'.
11
X $<T<# yTwe<Ts+ jT<d e
dv\dsD~e#jTkqd XHXj'
<jT eq+ H] d< d+dejTqT jT
|>eTeTH de $T<q yx H 12
y : VD-d~>ejT <sqs+ e<H <q|\+ <sjT.
$<T<~ jT<V $<T<Y. yTwe# <Ts+ ud ` dTsrs'.
kqd dx\dsD~ e#jT s <. n#qd eTqd dv~+
V #HqT>VyT. XHXj jT Hd< deT dejT+ |>+
.Y eq$T <jT. qeTT<H. de dsD u yx n_c
Xw'. jT<, u bDq' de dsD yx ue'. yx j#H.
V$< ;w|PsD#D~ ue'.
12
X k<jTX Xy<eTX|' s| d+ >Ts
<y use # TTEV+k e Vs '
jTd T k<H |sTwd Dbb-jT
$<+ y< # jTde+ dTKeTjT VDjT+ w
13
y : deT Cqk<H <sjT ` k<jT ` jTd k<j
y<<jTqeTseu<|Ps+ Xy-q]jT>V' <y V]jT>V'
X X<+ dd |sd y n|& $ T,Y |' s $V+ d + jT<su w +
>Ts <y # u' |' ne eH ue'. TTE n{\eTV+k
u <Vqq+ e oc~ <qdV w + VsC < ss $T k<H
d. d' Db|' |sTw' $<eTjT ` bb jTde+ $<+ VCq+
y< b|yH k-jT+ $<H dTKeTjT qqs| VDe we q '
|qses.
13
H|w<U.
z+ X+X+X+'.

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92

1
nsY, 2014
l\qd+V |sVD qeT'

lesVqsd+Vk$T
nes(7)eTT``@.mdt$X. |wke<TT\T
, >T+sT.
l esVk$Ty] $Xc\T :
lesVk$Ty] neseTT eT&TksT eqT |sD\T
#|THsTT. n$ : 1) ~ / jT esVeTT 2) X / u esVeTT 3) eTV
esVeTT.
$w<ss |sDeTT L& eT&T esVeTsT\qT |s=+T+~.
yTT<{~ jTesVk$T. VsD lesVk$T jTT<+ #d|&T
nqT |j+q ngeTT\ l k$Ty] seTeTT\T s* u$T| |&,
|$yTq <s\T> e]qe. n> jTT< XeT e\q l k$Ty] #eT
_+<Te\T s* qTe\T> e]qe. <s \ T qTe\T Xu, nXu seTT\
u+ y&TsT. jT|eTT y& <s\T lk$Ty] qT+&
<$ +q$ e&+ e\ jTq jTesVQ&j & #TsT. lesVk$Ty]
<VeTT| <e\T jTeTT #dqT < eq~. B |seTT L& jTq
jTesVQ&j&T. esVes Cqb nH |sT q~. & b
n+f esVeTH nseTT.
u$ w |sD+ |seTT lesVk$T kjT+uT eeTq+se TTq,
lqsd+ Vk$T ksw eTq+se TTq ne]+#&T. nsTT <Mu>eeTT
yedeTq+seTT jTT H\Ze eTVjTT>eTT qsd+Ves+ e+<
#TT+~.
y +& qsesVeTH eTs sb L& $w<ss |sDeTT
|s=+T+~. n+f ~ lqsd+Vk$T e qs+T $TXeTs|eTT.
qsd+VQ&T qs, d+Vsb\ $T[yT, qsesVeTT qs, esV sb\
$T[eTqe. < VsD d+V]+q eT]. u>eeTT
qsesVeT] jTT |d <T . qsesVQ&T eTVs+ q qsd+ Vk$T
q+q e+{sT.
= |sD\ qsesV |keq e+~ s| esq n+>

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93

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+#<T . nsTT # \ qsd+ Ves e+& XsyT esVk$T
L& e+&+ eTq+ >eT+#e#T.
yeTqT&T * b =ydq sT y, sd T \T eTs u $T|
e uVDT\qT V+dd e+f leTV$we esVk$T s|eTT y]
e~+#k>&T. es |V<T&T e sdT\ |q lV] b]+#> jTq
sde< $s$T+#&T. & >eT+#*+~ |V<T lesVk$Ty]
>\ nqT+<eTT.
+ VsD| =&Tq \H$T <e\ | jTT< y>
leTV$we esVs|eTT e n d+V]k&T (u>eeTT $wj
nd\T |k$+#<T). n|&T L& |V<T& sdT\ |q leTHsjTDT
b]+ sde< |CsTTk&T. \HyT ceseTT +dT> |{qT
|sD <q+.
$XwyTeT+f esV|sD+ |seTT eTesyT \~ eq
u$T |qT #|T+~. u>eeTT | esVes+ #dqT
#TT+&> nes+ |sT eq |sD+, n< | ys= neseTT
#dqT #|+ & >eTHs+.
>T&qT b~ |\\qT #d <XqT <{, |\\qT q sTy b*
|+# <X esV+ d++.
eT, Ls, esV, d+VeTT\ y\eTTq~. eT, LseseTT
\ y\eTT \~ #T> |j >|& > , esVeTTq n~ nq\qT
\Te{ |j>|&TT+~. esVeTT u#syTH {| eTeb
@d { eT&T>T |+H n+<T $V]dT+~.
n<sD y<eTT (12`1) esVD |~M d+$<H dsjT
$V eT>jT nq |X+d eq~. ~ esVes d#+. B nseTT
esVs|&q u>e+T&T |~ e<]+#&T n.
VsD&T u$T #|> #T{ beTT <e+#&q $wjTeTT
u>eeTT rjT d+<eTT esVes >< +#<T.
$wjT eTT ~rjT d+<e TT >\ HsjTDT es |X+ d |s=q&q~.
X|< uVD+, w jTEs< jT uVD+ |seTT
leTV$wy +& |C| L& esVes+ <]+#&T.
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94

1
nsY, 2014
|seTe&T C]+> ds|eTT <]+q|&T V, $we\T ~,
n+eTT\T qT>=q{ |jT+q|&T leTV$we <]+q s|eTT
esVyT. y[+~ n&T>T nq> ~ qT>=q{. ~ esV |r.
u$T y \DeTT esV e+~.
\ neTy] |d MTq, Ls nes <T. Lses \+
deTT< eT<q deTjT+ <$++~. <e\T yTqT leTV$weq
deT]+#sT. esVeseTT jTq <y] u <$. nq> Lses deTjq
$we> \<$ |]>V+, esVeseTT u<$ |]DjTe&qT
#|e#T. eT \<$ |d qsd+VeseTTH edT+~.
eT, Lses\ l\<$, u<$\ |d <T, |eTTK
LsyTq lLs+ neTysT lLsHjT nH |sT e+~. yT
eT\$sT nsTTq lLsH<T |sT nqT+<eTT> |w+q neTysT
e#T. yeTq, |sX seT, T< neseTT\ leTV$we d+k] be+
e\q <ys T \ |d <T . seeseTTq, ceseTTq l\<y
<y].
$w< s s |sDeTT |s+ <Xes\ yTT<{ H\T>T d<C
nes\T. n$ nedss+ e, eq seTT |P] >H n+sqyTH
y{ j b\ XX yk\THsTT. y{ n&T>T beTT
lesVk$Ty] ydeTT.
lesVk$Ty] <y\j\T me> e. lesVk$Ty]
s<q, bdq #dysT L& nsT<T>H ksT. |sD\q,
d+Vq lesVk$Ty] $Xc\T, bsH X\T # ksTT. nH
\ esVrs\T H\=jTTHsTT. esVjT+ |+&T> sT|=H
d+|<jT+ e+~. d+d eTTq, \T>Tq esV|sD\T eHsTT.
esVA|wY L& e+~. sD =s esVe#+ |]+# d+|<jT+
e+~.
$Xc\T *q eTVeT&q lesVqsd+ Vk$Ty] <]C],
d$+, |P+ s~d m+ |\ |<e TT. eTs+ Xu |<e TT..... de|+ .
XuodT\T : V<su< yde\T l u>eT\ qsd+VeT] >sT
n+~+q s. 500/` m+.z. nsTq+< dt y] n+~+#yTq~. lll
nsTq+<k$TysT y] XuodT\+<CdTHsT.
` sys

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95

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y<eT++
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#] y]$T |<
$<TsVD jT eTwD'
>TV rD V H+>jT
TjT+ y# eTqTc e<

TT><+ 1`164`45

|<$u>eTT : #], y]$T, |<, , $<T', VD', jT, eTwD',


>TV, rD, V, q, +>jT, TjTyT, y#', eTqTc', e<
nqjTeTT : y]$T |< #] jT uVD' eTwD' () $<T'
eTqTc' >TV V rD q +>jT () TjT+ y#' e<
eTVuwyT : #] y]$T |< #] |<C ` HeU|dsZ
` bX $<TsVD jT eTwD' ` eTqd wD' ` eTwD'
>TV rD V H+>jT >TVj+ rD V H+>jT ` q #wH, q
$Tw s' TjT+ y# eTqTc e< TjT+ y @<# jTqqTww
es, #Ts$TTs' #]
||<seTT :
(1) y]$T R yjTT u<eTT\>T |< R |<eTT\T (XeTT\T) #]
R H\T>T (HeU|dsZkeTT\T / |s|XeT<eyKsT\T) jT R
mesT uVD' eTwD' R yjsTDT\T \s R ysT R H\T>T
u<eTT\qT $<T' R d+|PseTT> *jT>\sT

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96

1
nsY, 2014
(2) eTqTc' R ysDCqeTT keq eqe\T >TV R V<jT /
nCqeT+<T V R +#&q rD R eT&+{ (y><e TT\qT) qG+>jT
R *jTC\sT ( R ysT) TjTyT R H\Ze u<yTq y#' R yqT
(yK] eeTT) e< R |\T<TsT.
seTT : yj
sT DT\T eyT H\TZ $<e TT\>T Xu < e TT\qT d+|Pse TT>
>V+#>\sT. sT\T eeTT H\T>e u<yTq yK] eyT >V+#
deTsT\>T<TsT. eT] $eseTT\ eTVuweTT #&<>TqT.
kjTDuweTT : y y#' j' |< #] |]$T |]$T
j y>d k #T]< $us' |< uVD' y<$<' eTwD'
eTqd wD yT<$q' $<T' Cq c+ eT< rD >TV >TVj+ V
k| H+>jT q #wH q |XH s' y#' TjT+ |<+ eTqTc'
nCdYCX e< eeTT#sjT eeVs #] Ve'
ddeTqTs<q VQ< esj
T ds y~ y>\d d+>V sb' u s<jT '
k yVjT' bDe @ y<jTksY k+ yVrHyTe
ksd+>VuY ns<d |Ded d|DydT yVw ds
y |]$T #q y<y ~H e< n|s ysD eTqTk]D HeU|ds Z
bu<q j|<qeUyT <e|<q+ HeT b>T|d U
|<dT|dsZ' b~' #e#wsw |Hb' n| T # ~'
@we ds y |]$TKDj' j y#XTs yY
y> |s#ye<Y $T+< eT< -eeT ysk ~jT+ y
y>T< (.d+.6.4.7.3) X' nH T j' eT+' uVD+
#T j' deU-qTwjs|X y<u> eTH' eTq
$<q|b< y<u>' eT+' - }syT (..1.31.2)
~H' \' eT+ss|X y<u> uVDyT u>$wj
>eqjT ~sb yeV] @we ds y jT$T j'
TT>E'ke #T yeV] Hs T ' dsD+ y>jTk+ <d d|d
# #T yeV]Vd' |Xw Dyw eT>c #y~q'
n|s e' |sqsD |b<jT |s|X eT<e yK #
@e H< y eT<s<T~ dr |sT# H<d # dq

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97

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<T]s|Y de V<jT>$T |XT# j_' <w+ XY de
T~+ > $e+ bb eT<yTT# eT< V<jU BjTeqY
eT<ej' n< jT< de e d c~ybsD V]sZ# <
yKT# @e+ #] y#' |< |]$T eTwD eTqd' k$Tq'
kBqeTqk uVD' syKd XVD-~>Hs jq' |s~ #]
|< $<T' Cq w eT< rD |sB >TV V V<jq' e]Y
TjT+ T |<+ yK d++ eTqTc' ds e< ysD |d< H eU~
| eTwD uVD' | |j~ $u>C y>>$<k |< Cq
ny>>$<' beTs y# yvjTd TjT+ #Ts+ u>+ e< eeVs
ns |XHjT |jT T+ njT+ eT+ sT yU' k-|qTd+<j
T '
n<| uVD+ ue k y y dc #Ts eue<we w rD |Xw
TjTyT j |~y+ k> k s<+s jq] k yjT k yeT<y
j ~$ k~ k V k dqsTTe< |Xw j >]#
uVDwe<T' kY uVD usT+ y#+ e< j # <yH+ j #

eTqTcDyT (sT. 13.9) .

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98

1
nsY, 2014
l |Dq+<eTT $s

eT$dyT

(6)

yK ` y\eT $XH<, V<su<.


e+< >TsT|<<+<+ nyvqd>#syT

sX |u$TXeTs+ |s+ eTV'


l |Dq+<eTT $syTq eT$deTT
|+#<o eTVeT+e TTqT eTijT T l#$esDqT \T|qT.
+Y {\yTq $wjT eTT >qT bs \T B dT
<w n<jTqeTT >$+TsT>.
` sys
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X < sDeTH s+qj' jTd V'
dyjT+ q V u<k<+ VTVTeT]wyT
28
y#seTT : @ VTe# d\ deTT\ eT<qT, dqeH<
dyT sDeTT>qT, qeesZ d\ eT< eT seTT>q>T#Tq< n<$<e TT>
qeH< dyT qeesZ d\ s| eT>T#Tq~. d\ ` deTT\
u<eTT <T. sD seTT\ nHq < L&Tq~.
\seTT : |X+r eT<e yK\ |sds|eTT sDeTT>q
|X+<T\T |sdsb> y{ u<eTT <T.
X X w d | eseTjT+ <dTD+ eT<D$ks'
qeD+ eT< #dH B|B| <X
29
y#seTT : X, w, d, | eseTT\T m$T~ eT<eT+<Tq j# sD
deTT<jTeTT edTDeTT qeTsTTq~. eT<D dVeTT>, qeD
eT<qTq u+<ekqeTT, _+<T D edTDeTsTTq sT <XeT+<T
|s+C|+#T#T+&> edTDeTT $s\T#Tq~.
\seTT : es|dT m$T~ \T nq> X, w, d, |, |, , u,
eT dTeTT m$T~ DeTT\T> $d+ q$, m$T~, _+<T, j#eTT\T
*d sT |~ edTe\TqT eT<qTq |se s| jTH B|eTT#
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99

C
| +#T#Tq~. B|eTTe\q Bb+se TTeH, eT< _+<T dT e\q edTC \eTT
qeT>T #Tq~. B|eTT \~e TsTTq =\~ dTqT n~e T>T#Tq~.
X #j~jT$T<+ <Xs#<jH $yT
#esZ #TwjT$\dq$dwD$ks'
30
y#seTT : |Ps sdeTjT ~jT+ (_+<T ` |X+X, j#+ `
$eTs+X) <XsjT T>eTT> $\d\T#T q~. <jTeTTqT, # nqT H\T>T
es\Z T $\dqjT esT\Z T n+sX seTT>qT, #e s\Z T VsX seTT>qT dwy T q
D b+<T#Tq$.
\seTT : _+<Te |X+XeTT, DeTT, edTDeTT\T $eTs+XeTT\T.
eT&T edTe\+<Tq |X $eTs ~jTeTjT dTe\q <XsjTT>eTT
q eTsTTq~. |X+X dT n+sXseTT>qT, $eTs+XdT
VsXseTT>qT |]D$T+q$.
X @##Tw|udyT+ <Xs|]DeT'
~ds>D>#TsXeseTjT+ #TsXs$T<yT 31
y#se TT : eTTqT| #| q H\T>T #eTT\ + L&q <Xs# |]DeTeTT,
ns~dseTT\ 14 nseTT\ ds|eTsTTq, #TsXs #eTT
s|~<T=q~.
\se TT : <XsjT T>eTT, edTDeTT, DeTT, _+<Te nH H\T>T #eTT\
+|+eTT, <Xs# |]DeTs|eTsTTq #TsXs # qeTTq
sDueTsTTq~. ns~ 14 dseTT\T dTs|eTT #eT+<T
DeTT\T> $d+q$.
X |sj |X+| # eT<eTj d\ess|D
@_s|+#X<s yK C
32
y#seTT : |s |X+ d\eT<eT nqT eT&T X\ #qT, @|+#X
<seTT\T ds|eTT> >\ yKX b<Ts$+q~.
\se TT : _+<~ #T sX s|s +eTT qeTsTTq nsTT<T #eTT\T, |<e T
#eTT sDeTT, s+&e~ seTT> qeTsTTq$. |s, |X+r,
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100

1
nsY, 2014
d\eT<eT\H XjTeTT\e\q yKX b<Ts$+q<, <s ns~
s+eTsTTq @|+#XY nsseTjT d\ eeVsj>yTq yKjTH
dT{s|+ qeTsTT |+# #seTT> yKX |+#T#Tq<
nseTT.
X ~_sw_sT|eTw<+ # yK esZ'
ds>DdeTT~yT<w<+usTV+ # d++yT 33
y#seTT : seTT yTT<\sTTq m$T<q yKesTZ\ #qT, nw<|<eTT
L&Tq~. eT]jTT c&Xd seTT\# c&X< | < eTT L&qT u$+|< q~.
\seTT : nw<|<eTT, c&X<|<eTT\qT $e]dTHsT.
X _+<TjTeTjT' jT$sd e
u_+jTyTY |X+~ e$X+' 34
y#seTT : #eT+<Tq eT&T eeTT\T, s X $TX_+<T eTjTeTsTTq
#+< ds eT+&\eTT\ dTjTT |]DeTeTT ejTeTT>qTq~.
|]<XeqeTsTTq, u|sjTeTT |X+r, eT<e, yK X\
$XeTkqeTT> qTq~.
\seTT : =+<ejTeTTqT eTqk|], nw<|], c&X<|] q
ejTeT, eeTT~ eT\eTT qeTT Hs< \+#T#THsT.
>+<s c&X<|] ejT KqeTTH # e n e|]HsT.
X eTD+ |<$|' y<jTdq < <<
esD+ >TsT|+' <jT$T<eT+u|<+T|ds+ 35
y#seTT : |<$|eTq> n>D >TD nq+X qq keTseTT.
|<$ | e TTq eTeTT y <jT eTT #| &T#Tq~. esDX deTT<jTeTTqT,
z|TjTeTH >TsTeT+&\eTTqT, s+{ |sdT+<] b<+TjTT>
$+uD> e]dTHsT.
\seTT : $<eTT> l#eTTqT s|+ #eT+<Tq esDX
+<eTTqT, >TsTeT+&\eTTqT |s< e XsejTeeTT\ |]eD s|yT jT
s|+#T#THsT. |s<e sTDe\q n>D >TDq+X qq
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101

C
keTseTT \T>TT+~ n #|#THsT.
X djT+ |s eTVo #sD |]DyT jT<
<VejTyH+ |]DsesD<e' ds'
36
y#seTT : eTTqT| e]+#&q ~X @\eT+<T l#seTT>
|]D$T+q<, \eT+< yT <VejTeeTT\jTT |]DeTeTT deTd
esD<e\T> n>T#THsT.
\se TT : esD<e\ $seeTT \T|#T , eTs\ |s< e esD<e\
nu<eTT dweTT #jTT#THsT. $<eTT> nK+&<d<+eTTqT
dsdeTqjTeTT #jTT#THsT.
.... (dXw+)

|] d+<q
d+b<eTVA<j s$yVqsj,
ueBjT >sed+b<+ C $w ed|>
|Xeq+. ~wjT y$ < +, jTeT|Ps VseZ Tq+ |X+ djT+. s#s TT\
s#q \ |s jT+. |ed+ d+b<j
T s#q |Xuq T qTeT&+|#d T + <
H eTq$.
& m.fXsse,
bH : 040 23057325

bdT<s C ed|qT @sD+ #qsTTH n+<T jT&\


Web address <s <]+#>\sT.
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102

1
nsY, 2014

yeTqXeTT ` j>sVdeTT
(3)

`& y.uqTuy, >T+sT.

e&T {{, eTqdT H={


&* >TDeTTys, jys
mT >\TZ eTT >T qT+&
$X<_seT $qTs yeT.
yeTq |<\ |<|< +q X~ nH |< |<yTT
# $esD. dsq s#qeTT, d{jTq de<qeTT. |\ {, jT
ys={ nq&+ k<sDeTT. nq> eTqdT #qqT <|{
deTjqTkseTT> @< { e{&+ nqe. \u* TsT, ns+
y>H\T, b uwC\T, \ L&q J$ $<H\T yTT<qe |
|<eTT yTT<{ b<eTT eTT&|&q n+X. , CsTTr >\ e\T
$<+> |e]+#sT. |e]+#L&<T ` ke J$eTTH$T, <
n+X\H$T d{> +&+ #\ nedseTT. < =+#eTT | ksTT
#b\+f sDX~. sDeTT\T nq> eTHyjT s\T. eTqdT, e,
# nqT eT&TqT sDeTTq|&T #q < n+s+>+ @<
q< <H #|+, #|q <H #sD |&eTT sDX~ neT+~.
TTEesq >\ysT, k\T, sD T~>\ \T, j>T\T, u\T
$<eTT>H |e]ksT. Te+{ d#yTq eTqdT, #q, q&, #sD
>\y] eyT eTT \_dT+< yeTq n_bjTeTT. n< $wjT$T#
dweT>T#Tq~. XsyTq \DeTT, n_esD yTT<q n+XeTT\T,
#q\ _qeTT> (eTeTT>) q|&T yeTT s< ks+XeTT.
eTT nq> ue+<eTT\ qT+& $eTT njT < nseTT. e\eTT |P\T,
uV&+seTT\T, #sD X~ #<Te\T, |HdeTT\T, b+&eTT, |dT
yTT<q e ese TTq dwe TT. & L& | |qT X ~ nedse T
yeTq dweTT #d #sD j>yTq j>ksTT keqT\ #] u~+
>=| >TsTe nj&T.
>TsTe nq> HesT? |<X&T, u<&T, |<y&T, +& yTT<q
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103

C
nse TT\T n+<] dT|]eTT. >TsTe m +&* nq~ eTTU+XeTT.
>=| esZ<s&T> +&*. <w eT]jTT dw> q w\qT r]~<>\
WqeTT, d#yTq |eT ueeTT, sew, eTH>VeTT * +&*.
n+> qqT qT #~<T=qy&T sT\ H{ r]~<>\&T. q|&T
|j>yT$T{? < >TsTe e#T, e\ $<u<&T >e#T. eTT+<T
d#yTq eTqdT, n+ueeTT |+b+~+#Ty*. eTTKeTT> H{
deeTT Xg k+ $<\T s yd sDd q|{ , e ,
eqd |]|qT *+# >TsTe\T nsT<T> +&+ e\q, neX\T Z
be+ e\q eqMjT $\Te\T, k+d $\Te\T ~>CsTTq $wj
eTq+ >eT+#e#T. $wjTyT yeTq |<\ # |<eTT> e]
>TsTe\ kH >TsT #dTq~.
n<qeTT\ qT nq<qyT >=|
q* +f |TqeTT <T
mq>TsT q H&Tsj
$X<_seT $qTs yeT.
bD \+f <s+ +&. eTq b+eTT nqeTT bD+
\u + < \uTe&+ yTT<{ b<q+ L&q n+X+. bDeTTq|&
< <V#q+. #q+ +fH >< s#sD. n+<Te\q <H\
nq<H |<eTkq$T#&T. nq+ nH < VseT XgkeHs+.
Xse<+ K\T <sk<qeT >< s. eT] Xs+ s|~<T=
qqT b+<{, +q Xe bwD, sD n+~+#{ sD+ *.
_& Xs |sT>T<\bT, eqd |]|, eT+, #&T $#D, $y+
yTT<q e eTT+<T> * |+|+ H nTsTT. * kq+ e , +T+u
C n_e~, C >sy <V<+ #dT + <q~ ]y<+X+. s +&e b<+
yeTq < >TsT#X&T. es> eTw eTw> \u+ >TsT<e\
bqT >TsT# d eT&e b< eTT+#&T. $<+ > nq\yTq , Xe +yT q
mH $wj\qT yeTq dT+> dT\u+> #|q rsT ny|T+. yeTq L&
qT #|q d<+* #]+ #|q XesZ>$TjTq >TsTy.
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104

1
nsY, 2014
nq$T&Tq n~<q+T\
H #jTH$T, jTqusT
nqyTq JeH<seT>Tqj
$X<_seT $qTs yeT.
n eTs= esT VseTT jTT b<H, neds, nq<q|
>=|H yeTq H= #b&T. Te+{ ke dy <w, <j<w,
nedsqeds $#D yeTqqT eTV$> kVr+ \u{q$.
eTs= $wjT+ @eT+f #d<q+ m #j*. eTqd]> nH~
n+<s #| de<qyT. Be\ @$T \T>TT+~? n+f |DeTT, |sTcse TT,
d+weTT, d+| yTT<qe. <qeTT rd=qy& *> <=syTq
q+<yT q y] *>~ eTs=syTq q+<+. n+<T d++#+&,
V d++<yTq d]d+|<M eTq$ e nH $wj >T]+, eT
<qeTT #j\ yeTq n_bjT+. @B H~<T nqTe&+ n+f nV+s,
$s\qT <s+ #de&yT <. n+ u>e+T k+yT. >V>eTH\T
eTq Jeq esZ (nq> eTq+ eTq+> +H u>e+T #+<&)
d]> \ n+s>y T q, eTq+ e\ k<H \ e+{ ysyT q qeT>*qZ |&T
d+| ++<y T q \+|+ eTqdTqT <T . nTe+{< yTq <qeTT. yTq
<s #sD . @< jTT |j qeTTqT >, csTTwe TT\qT{> #jT T <qeTT
q{ qsT b> <s#sD >Hs<T. n< $wj yeTq +~ $<+>
#b&T.
nsjT HdjTq, jT&Te{&
T|&, eT~ <qT=q
q~ <qT= uTq< |T
$X<_seT $qTs yeT.
eTq |sD\T, |wT\T <qo\Ts >T]+ nH UH\qT
y=HsTT. | sT |q #|q \D\ <q+ #dq ys ksT.
u>e+ L& s+<e <, yeTqT < yTT<q$ Te+{y.
|< yT nTe+{ |ws n+~+#>\ eTVeeT+ >=|~> dTq ~.
~ >T]+q eqe @ |j\T <]#se. q, J$+ u>e<\T.
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105

C
d] d+|<\T, ] |w\T, eT+ #&T deTd+ u>e+T&qy. n X
>*Zq u>eyT |, dw, d \j\ sDyTq|&T @~ e+
eTq k+ eT #|>\+. J$+ >&T|Tq+<Te\ q~, qT
nH ue+ J$+ | kqTL\ << *Z+#& nedsyT. n~
XX+ <T. ~ ejeyTq Jeq+. u>e+T&T T&T. XXT&T.
miTqT b+<&+ nedseT eqe&T >T]+qH&T ]\T <T'U\T,
s |L\\T eqe J$ n\+ #jTC\e, eTs MT<
{ uT > J$+# >\ys <qT\T. +~ |<+ ns \\ $\Tyq~.
qTe<e] keTT q< bw+|
<eyTe] keTT <#T=q>
uDyTe] keTT b] be \
$X<_seT $qTs yeT.
Xs m+ >=|>, n_eq+> |+ bw+H n~ XXeTT
<T. @< sE e<\ |<T. m+ w|& d+b~+H keTT XXeTT
><T. \#+# nqe =<MT <T. += $wjT+ d qTe
+ q|& < <s d+b~+q deTdyTq dbdT\qT e<\ |<T.
eTsDq+se TT #dq s \ \ b|| D~ |\ eTT\T | jT s d+|<\ T
eTq y+ se. M{ nqTu$+#\+f Xs+ bDeTTq+ es k<
|&T T+~. u>\ MT< d , b|+ dTU\ | + bD\T b+&
\u{\qT+f m+{y ]H k< |&< T . @ $Cq Xg |* \T $wjT +
+ <T. Te+{ q>d\T *d L&, yV+<seT>Tq
eqe\ qT$| *Z+#& ++f |<THq d<+$T y*? m+
dTu<yTq |< j yeTq Jeq y<+ u~+#& <! yeTq
|<eTT\ y< pqqT <eeTT nqT e | seTT> j eTeTT\
#+~q$> >, eTsyTH > |sT q|&e. n&T \eT\,
eT&#s\ es. d&T. Te+{ VT< * qy&T eqH
= qeT\qT s+<+> $eT]+#&T. nTe+{< +~ |<eTT.
qeT>eTT uT$ <T <qqT (<TGnqqTR< nq+&)
sTD $& #jT <Xs~jTT

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106

1
nsY, 2014
*$y&T <e&jTs!
$X<_seT $qTs yeT.
l+< XeTT yTT<q y{ <e >T]+ f $eT]+#T
#TqTq |<eTT\T = \e. n$ dT >]eTT +< eTTKeTTq
yjT&q$. ydT n\+seT# #T #d=q~. | |<eTTqT
#&> nTe+{ ueyTeeTT \T><T. yeTq |<eTT\qT #~$, n
<sDqseTT #d=qysesT B $eTs> | eTs= seTT> +#sT.
@<yTH sejTD< ejT& e+ >TsT#d, seTT *$e
y> #|&eTq~ < ue d+|qT\T V]+# n+X+ <T, n+{
dTT\, +<\ nr+> q q uy\qT s=>e+>, ws>
#| eTqd+, $ $<q+, ue $|e+ yeTq $ n\+s bjTyTq
\D\T. nTe+{ uyyX+ qT+& HeT~> C\Tyiq |<yT ~. n+
$T+ seTT sDqT&T> s|+# #q & |+#<T. _q
sT'. me] n_bj\T y]$. dVT+> $s$+q | #qqT,
|eqT, kV eT~+ neds+ yTs k~+#&eTT, J$
|+&+#Te&eTT bs se+> eTq+ >T]+#*.
.... (dXw+)

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107

eDeTT
eTV$l*<d$s

esdeTeeTVeyT

ne]:- n< <u+ Xu+ |k<q + esj


T k nu vZH| < eT\+#s
X k >sd<syXe~ss|y' |_qXuyT
s_XjTeTTbuDeTuvZH|<eT\xs
7
|<$u>eTT :- k, >sd<syXe~', <s|y', |_qXuyT,
s_XjTyT, buDyT, nuvZH|<yT, n\xs
||<se TT :- k - bsr<$, >sd< s yXe ~' - \ y\T L&jT Tq,
<s|y' - \>] b#\#, |_qXuyT - $XwXujTTqT,
s_XjTyT - u&T| Tq |TjTTqT, buDyT >VXseTTqT >\~ n>T, nuvZH|<yT - nu+>qkqeTTqT >Ti+,
n\xs - n\+]+|&q~.
seTT :- bsr<$ \ y\T L&jTTq \>] b#\#
$XwXujTTqT, u&T| T=q |TjTTqT, >VXseTTqT \~ n>T
nu+>qkqeTTqT >Ti+ n\+]+|&q~.
bsqs\T :- 1. ..XuyT - ..s>yT 2. b .. - b&.. 3.s_ ..- $..
$u\T - jT\T :- 1. k - k, , ' <sq' d*+>d#', |.@.
2. >sd< s yXe ~' - >sd< s yXe , ..yXe <yT, ...yXe ~' sq
q|+d*+>...yXe#', .. 3. <s|y' - <s|yq,
<s|yuyT, <s|y' nsq q|+d* +> <s|y\X' , ..

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108

1
nsY, 2014
4. |_qXuy T - ...Xuy T , ...Xu, ...Xu nsq q|+d* +> ...XuX ' ,
~.@. 5. s_XjTyT - ...XjTyT, ...XjT, ...Xj nsq
q|+d* +>' ...XjT X' , ~.@. 6. bu DyT - ...uDyT, ...uD, ...uD
nsq q|+d* +>...uDX' , ~.@. 7. nu vZH| < yT - ...H|< yT, ...H|< ,
...H|< nsq q|+d*+> ...H|<X', ~.@. 8. n\xs - jT.
d+<T\T :1. ...yXe ~'G<s|y' - ...yXe ~s s |y' - $dsdZ ' (sb<Xe TT)
dek\T / $>Vy\T :1. >sd<syXe~' - >sd<sH+ yX' >sd<syX' d' nd
>sd<syXe, ' >sd<syXe~' - ~e'
2. <s|y' - <sj' |y, <s|y, ' <s|y' wwTsTw ded'
3. |_qXuyT - |_H Xu jTd Y |_qXuyT, Y
VQMVded'
4. s_XjTyT - Hu' c++ s_, s_ XjTyT jTdH <
s_XjTyT, Y - .d
5. buDyT - b' uD' jTdH < buD+, Y - .d
6. nuvZH|<yT - nuvZd H|<yT nuvZH|<yT, Y wwTsTwded'
|<e - |T+T|eD\T - e|j>\T:1. d<s' :- m) d<s jTkY Xds|' >sds|' \ y\T
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d) X q|' |sd' |<es |XH' Xq qT<eq'
jTqdd<s|<_w+ \u|d<seTeTq dyT - HwBjT#] 10 -6
j<seTT :- 1. n\+#s - n\+|PsY &TxsD k<
dss] u *{ |sd|< |<eT|sTwe#H+'
n\xs - n\xT' - n\x'
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109

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y] esZ+T\eTT dVydeT|&T d eTT X+jTT" C<eT+~.
|y+#Tq|&
#.
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eTT> qeq+Tq \\\q eT<T|e
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110

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\\\q\T TyT<\ saT+s H<yT Beq\T> dTe\T #*HsT.
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d qT>TDyTq | esq #d WbwD >$+#&T jT.
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<ejT.
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esq $T~.
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111

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112

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seTT, $T+ dT\eTT y" >|sTTH, yT
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114

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115

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116

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b& #d y&\ #|&q~.

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XeT ys\T

1. 29`8`2014 Xys+ l $HjT #$ d+<seTT> Ns\ l eTV\eT


neTy] <y\jTeTT $HjT eT{ |eT\T eT]jTT e\ |deTT\T l
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seTeTT lll nsTq+<dsdk$TysT bZHsT.
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]|+#sT. 11`9`2014e Bq nsde* l dsHsjTD <ekqeTT eT]jTT
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nsTT XeTeTTq #sTHsT.
<s eTq+ b& <s+ eTq* b&TT+~.

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118

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>V+#sTT. B +><X q CrjT e+> >T]++~. nH d+d T\
B |\qT, \qT $yV~ Xus\, eT|syTq y\,
|+&T>\, |s ~H\, y&T \, s k+|<jT se\ sD\T>
{ n\+sD\ u>+> y&TsT.
eTq <X| e$T& (e+|s +&) C #+~q #T 35`40
MT. (115`131 n.) es mT, 10 MT. (33 n.) es yd+ >\ | u>+
+& |sT>TsTT. $ Bs\+bT J$ksTT. 300 d+es\ |>
|\kjdTq #T L& HsTT. q H\ B *ysT 6 MT. T
es ~>&, $|+> $d]+q Xw ysqT * +T+~. M{bT
nH k| ysT H\ nH n&T>T\ T #=#TbsTT +{sTT. B
\T dV]yTq$, dsyTq$, @+syTq$, 15`35 d+.MT. b&e,
6`16 d+.MT. y&\T * +{sTT. \T H]+`|+ s+>T +&
|sT>TTq =B y>+> qTqT|q eTT<TsT msT| s+>T, eTT<TsT |#
s+>T essTT. B |c\T Kskq+ +& 10`40 d+.MT. b&yq
b s| |w$Hd+ +{sTT. |w+ q~>, \T|s+>T,
=+#+ r| ydq +T+~. e$T& 400 |> s\THsTT. M{
# y{ |\T yd$ |eTsTT. = s\T s+&T |+*ksTT. B
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jT |eTjT+<T eT&T qT+& sT ek\T |&TT+~.
<D dj e$T& y\ d+es\T> k>T#dTHsT. .|P.
5`4 Xu\ eT< H{ ~ sT djqT #]+~. .X. 10e X+
H{ sT | B k>T yTT<+~. s ~ |]>+<T nqTyq
owdT\Tq u, ydt +&dt, yT \ B k>T bs+uyT+~.
|dT + ||+ #+ e$T& k>T yTT+ <<| d>+ us< X + H
sT>TTq~. s kq+ #H ~. e$T& |+& usY n>>D yTq <H ,
n+srjT e$T& |+& yD+ usY y{ X $T+#<T. q
d+Vu> usY H $j+#T+T+~.
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e$T& |+&T jT sT +{sTT. e$T& jTqT |>, |\> q|&
eTq Vs+ $$< sb\ y&+ n+<s]q<. n> |yTq e$T&
|+&qT m+ w|& +{sT. | e$T& TsTeTTqT m+&u{ \#d=
y&Te+ L& *d+<. \T>Ty] e$T& sT#T\T |+.
100 >. \ e$T& 60 .\ X +T+~. e$T& =
>TE\ s{HsTT&\ e+{ es<y\T, b|H\T, yT>`3 eT]jTT `6
b nHX#Tsf& b{ e\T +{sTT. e+|]H nH C+<HsTT&
e$T& eyT |dT+~. $$< e$T& s\ skjTH\T,
bw+X\T essTT. e$T& \T, =eT\ +& qH\qT, ky\qT
q|&T =+<] &sf{dt (#sy~) \>e#T.

k+d |syTq beTTK


s T u s < X | < s + >
b++ yTT> #e] nsY \
e$T& # e$T& qT
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V +<e+ >DX &T |]| yTq e$T&
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u \ | ] | P s d + +~ + q
yb| d++> u$ksT. dsdr
< $ s< q e$T& | P q T

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nsY, 2014
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X

||\#vsrDkjT
~s|e $\d<qTsTZD'
eTH+d y<T+ dTs|dvZH+
edqj< deTTb>' |jT TTTd+Vs' `6.1
X y|H+ eTDyTKH+
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s eT+ |eHe<'
|sT+ eqdeTvZHHyT TTTd+Vs' `6.15
6.1, 6.3, 6.15 \ yK TTTd+Vs' ` eTD*yK #&>\sT.

If you keep your faith unshaken and your heart always open
to me then all difficulties, however great, will contribute the
greater perfection of your being.
- The Mother.

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nsY, 2014

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nsTTq >eqT le> >s$+#T=q
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+Te\ yT\T \>\ sT=qT, y]
dV <jT <s qeTT. X+ H ndT ~|<,
X+ #Tw<.
ue, >+>e, >e n+
| <e+> d+u$+q d+d ~.
qTq >eT+ (<X+) uT, $XeT+
d+|<\ |]|w+ y\ sT=q
y<<s <syTq~ >e. ds<e
ds|+> >eqT |P+#T =q d+|<jT+ M]~. jTsVD
<es<q > d+|< |<q <eeTT.
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uw\ ei, n yH ]+#sTT. sk>seTTqT+& |{q eTV\,
dVA<]jTq eT<qTejTT d+jT >deTVeTT. w&T, >e\qT,
>b\\qT s+, >$+<T&H&T. eTT\# n_q+<jTT&H&T.
>eTVeTqT ]+H, u $H, >eqT |$+> #H
qeTd]+H, <qeTT #dH, X<> bw+H, eqe\ b|eTT\T
|]V]+|&sTT. deTd eT+>eTT\T d~ksTT. ><qeTT #dq y]uT,
y] e+XeTT y], |D\T \_ksTT. uj
T eTT\T, |<\ T =\bsTT.
>eT+, >eTjT+, >s+, ><~ (|sT>T) >|T+ (HsTT)
<T, |+#>eeTT\T. M{ |< |s+ d]d meTT\, #s+ >&T
T= q |Psq b|eTT\+{, |f\qT <V+qT
q+|CksTT. XuseTT\+{qT |+#>e bXq sT>TT+~.
<X<qeTT\qT, ><qeTT yTT< |s=q&+~. XbwD, *b\ s

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u\ < sVdeTT\qT, bdHesZeTT\qT |<+ <qTHsT.
u y] y>eT k~+qysT |DT\esT. ~ | sT
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ny] eX+s BT\T, b >T+sT, d : 9440790381
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