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Traffic Safety Audit


Assignment # 4A
COURSE: CVL-747 (TRANSPORTATION SAFETY & ENVIRONMENT)

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

IIT DELHI, HAUZ KHAS, NEW DELHI-110016

Submitted By: Group


Brusava Kumar Swain

(2015CEP2090)

Tanmoy Das

(2015CEP2101)

Balarko Banerjee

(2015CEP2089)

Mohit Kohli

(2015CEP2096)

Submitted on: 16/11/2016

Submitted to
Prof. Dinesh Mohan
Volvo Chair Professor and Emeritus (Retd.)
Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme (TRIPP),
IIT DELHI 110016

TRAFFIC SAFETY AUDIT


1.

INTRODUCTION
Road traffic injuries are a major public health problem and a leading cause of death and
injury around the world. Each year nearly 1.5 million people die and millions more are
injured or disabled as a result of road crashes, mostly in low-income and middle-income
countries.
Along with a global increase in motorization, in low-income and middle income countries,
the use of motorized two-wheelers and three wheeler taxi (Auto Rickshaw) is growing
rapidly in many places. There are increasing fatalities and injuries among users of twowheelers, with head injuries due to nonuse of Helmets. Delhi, the capital city of India,
records the highest number of road traffic fatalities of all cities in India.
This study evaluates the mandatory seatbelt law enacted in Delhi, use of helmets by
motorized two wheeler and occupants in three wheeler.

2.

OBJECTIVE
The main objective of the assignment is to understand the survey methodology,
subsequent data analysis of following motorized vehicles in accordance to respective
safety aspects and to understand the different operational characteristics.

3.

DATA COLLECTION
Comprehensive data collection and analysis are essential for designing effective safety
strategies, for setting achievable targets, for developing and determining intervention
priorities and for monitoring Programme effectiveness.
The traffic study for Car, Three-wheel scooter taxis (TSR) and Motorized two Wheeler
has been tabulated in the Table 1, Table 2 and Table 3 below:.
Table 1: Format for Car
M = Male

Sl.
No.

1
2
200

Driver
W
B
M
M
M

W/O
B

F = Female
Passenge
r Front
W
B

CAR
C = Child
Passenger Back
Seat
1

Y
if CAB / NonOwner Driver

Y
if Non
DL Reg
No.

W/O
B
Y

Page 1 of 11

Table 2: Three-wheel scooter taxis (TSR)


Three-wheel scooter taxis (TSR)
M = Male
F = Female
C = Child
Passenger Back
Sl. No.
Driver
1
2
3
4
1
M
F
2
M
F
50
M
F
Table 3: Three-wheel scooter taxis (TSR)
2 Wheeler
F = Female

M = Male
Sl.
No.
1
2
200

Driver
WH
M
M

W/O H

WH

W/O H

Passenger
2
W H W/O H

C = Child
3
WH

W/O H

The Balbir Saxena Marg near Green Park Metro (Hauz Khas Enclave) has been
selected for study. A layout plan on google imagery is given as Figure 1:

Fig 1: Layout plan survey location

Page 2 of 11

4.

OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS_BRUSAVA KUMAR SWAIN


Motorized Two Wheeler
The data collected from field were analyzed and the following mode-wise observations
have been
Table 3: Result of 2 wheeler
Summary_2 Wheeler
Sl.
No
1

Description

No

Share (%)

Total Share of Female Driver

7
15
9
6
34
1
16
11
6
3
8
3

3.50%

Total Male Diver with Helmet

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Total Female Driver with Helmet


Total Male Driver without Helmet
Total Female Driver without Helmet
Total Male Pillion with Helmet
Total Female Pillion with Helmet
Total Child Pillion with Helmet
Total Male Pillion without Helmet
Total Female Pillion without Helmet
Total Child Pillion without Helmet

Total Male Driver with Helmet 17%


3%
Total Male Driver without Helmet

1%

79.50%
3.00%
17.00%
0.50%
34.04%
23.40%
12.77%
6.38%
17.02%
6.38%

Total Female Driver with Helmet

Total Female Driver without Helmet


80%

Fig. 1: Pie Chart showing helmet User


The above analysis indicated that,

82.50 % drivers are wearing Helmets which includes 79.50% of Male and 3%
female.
17% of Male Driver not used Helmet whereas 0.5% Female not used Helmet.
Out of 47 Pillions, 34.04% Male, 23.40 % Female and 12.77% child used Helmet.
The share of Female pillion without Helmet (17.02%) is more than Male (6.38%)
and child (6.38%).
In respect to male and female driver, the helmet non using share of female is
also more than male.

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During field study, it has been observed that, the children without helmet are school
children. Due near vicinity of Metro station, most of the without helmet are station drop
passenger. Even if an on duty Police personnel was found without helmet.
Wearing a helmet is the single most effective way of reducing head injuries and
fatalities resulting from motorcycle and bicycle crashes. Motorcyclists who do not wear
helmets are at a much higher risk of sustaining head injuries and from dying from these
injuries.
Three-wheel Scooter Taxis (TSR)
Summary_3 wheeler
Sl No
1
2
3
4
5

Description
Total Passengers
Total Female Passengers
Total Male Passengers
Total Child Passengers
Occupancy more than 2

No
37
27
10
0
0

Percentage
0.451
72.97%
27.03%
0.00%
0.00%

The above analysis indicated that,

Out of 50 Auto rickshaw, there are only 37 carrying passengers


The shares of female passengers (72.97%) are more than male (27.03%) and
child.
The Occupancy more than 2 passengers per TSR is 0% whereas the total
occupancy is 0.451.

The rollover propensity of a TSR used extensively due to excessive load on rear. As
inclusion of each occupant raises the center of gravity (CG) height, static stability
criterion would indicate that the TSR with minimum number of occupants would be most
stable in rollover maneuvers. Many researches indicate that, two passengers is
adequate for safety.
Four Wheeler (Car)
Summary_ Car
Sl
No
1
2

Description

No

Percentage

Total Female Drivers


Female Driver Wearing Seat Belt

12
11
18
1
19
2
36
26
38

6.00%
91.67%

Male Driver Wearing Seat Belt

Total Driver Wearing Seat Belt

5
6
7

Total Passenger on front Seat (Excluding Driver)


Seat belt on front Seat
Total Passenger on back Seat
Page 4 of 11

96.28%
96.00%
18.00%
72.22%
19.00%

Summary_ Car
Sl
No
8
9
10

Description

No

Percentage

Total Cars having back Seat Occupancy


Cars outside Delhi (Non Delhi Reg)
Cars with Non Owner Drivers(CAB)

30
45
23

15.00%
22.50%
48.94%

1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0

Fig. 2: Bar chart showing seat belt User

The above analysis indicated that,

The shares of female drivers are about 6%


The Female driver wearing seat belt is about 91.67% whereas the male are
about 96.28%. It seems that, private car owner are not following the statutory
rules.
The total seat belt wearing drivers are about 96%
Out of 36 passengers on front seat, there are only 72.22% used seat belts.
The share of out-side Delhi is about 22.50% whereas CAB are about 48.94%.

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5.

OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS_TANMOY DAS


Mode of Travel 4 Wheeler:
The summary of detail field survey and analysis has been provided below:

Table 1: Summary of Field investigation outcomes


Sl
No

Description

No

Percentag
e

NUMBER FEMALE DRIVERS

12

6.00%

NUMBER PASSENGERS IN FRONT SEAT

36

18.00%

NUMBER PASSENGERS IN BACK SEAT

38

19.00%

NUMBER DRIVERS WEARING SEAT BELT

4.00%

NUMBER FEMALE DRIVERS WEARING SEAT BELT

0.50%

NUMBER CARS WITH NON DELHI REGISTRATION


45
NUMBER

22.50%

NUMBER CARS WITH A NON-OWNER DRIVER

11.50%

23

The analysis of the outcome has been shown below:

6%
94%

No of
Female
Driver
No of Male
Driver

Fig 1: Vehicle User (Driver)


From the above Fig. it is clear that proportion of Male driver is high as compared to Female
driver.

Page 6 of 11

12%

No of Personal user

No of Cab User
89%

Fig 2: Vehicle User


From the above Fig. it is clear that proportion of personal usage of vehicle is high as compared
to cab users.
8%

4%
No of Male Driver

No of Female Driver

96%
No of Male Driver Wearing Seat belt

92%
No of Female Driver Wearing Seat belt

Fig 3: Proportion of Driver wearing seat belt against total drivers


From the above Fig. it can be seen that amongest all driver the male drivers are more serious
about personal safety aspect in terms of wearing seat belt.

5% in Front Seat not


No of Male Passenger
Wearing Seat Belt

No of Female Passenger18%
in Front Seat not
Wearing Seat Belt
82%

95%
Total Passenger at Front Seat

Total Passenger at Front Seat

Page 7 of 11

Fig 4: Proportion of front seat passenger wearing seat belt against total front seat passenger
From the above Fig. it can be seen that amongest all front seat passengers the male
passengers are more serious about personal safety aspect in terms of wearing seat belt.

No of Personal Vehicle Driver Not wearing


Seat Belt

100%
No of Non-Owner Vehicle Driver Not
wearing Seat Belt

No of Personal Vehicle Front seat user Not


wearing Seat20%
Belt
80%
No of Non-Owner Vehicle Front seat user
Not wearing Seat Belt

Fig 5: Proportion of Driver and front seat passenger not wearing seat belt
From the above Fig. it can be seen that 100% non-owner vehicle drivers wearing seat belt. It
also can be said that cab drivers are more strict or more aware about the safety rules and
instruct the front seat users to wear seat belt.
Conclusion:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.

From the above observations it can be depicted that most of the cars have only one
person in it.
Most of the cars are used for personal usage.
There is a very less tendency for the vehicle users to travel in sheared basis.
It can also be said that the enforcement of the compulsory seat belt law has
motivated the non-owner vehicle drivers more than the personal users.
Female drivers have more tendency of not wearing seat belt.
Female Passenger who sits in the front seat also has fewer tendencies to wear seat
belt than male passengers.
Most of the vehicle on road is of Delhi registration numbers.

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6.

OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS_ MOHIT KOHLI


Result:

2 WHEELER USERS
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

W/O HELMET
WITH HELMET

WITH HELMET

W/O HELMET

Figure1: 2 wheeler users


The numbers of men driving 2 wheeler are more than women. % of Women wearing
safety helmet was found to be more than that of men.

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3 WHEELER USERS

150
100
50
0

3 PASSANGER
2 PASSANGER
1 PASSANGER

1 PASSANGER

2 PASSANGER

3 PASSANGER

Figure 2: Three wheeler users


More females were found sharing the auto with occupancy of 3 passengers per person.
Modal share of women were high for auto as compared to men.

7.

OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSIS_ BALARKO BANERJEE

Page 10 of 11

2 WHEELER USERS
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

W/O HELMET
WITH HELMET

WITH HELMET

W/O HELMET

Figure1 : 2 wheeler users


The numbers of men driving 2 wheeler are more than women. % of Women wearing safety
helmet was found to be more than that of men.

Page 11 of 11

3 WHEELER USERS

120
100
80
60
40
20
0

3 PASSANGER
2 PASSANGER
1 PASSANGER

1 PASSANGER

2 PASSANGER

3 PASSANGER

Figure 2: Three wheeler users


More females were found sharing the auto with occupancy of 3 passengers per person.
Modal share of women were high for auto as compared to men.

Page 12 of 11

Safety rules followed by drivers and passengers in Car


180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

Fig 3.

From the above observations it can be depicted that most of the cars have only one
person in it and he is the driver.
Out of which 45 were not owners of the vehicles which nearly approximates to 22.5%., of
the number of observed vehicles.
It can also be said that the enforcement of the compulsory seat belt law has motivated
the users to use seat belts which comes out to be 96%.
Male is to female Driver are respectively 92.5% and 7.5%, out of which around 96 % of
male drivers and 93 % of female drivers were seat Belt.
Passenger who sits in the front has similar percentage as well.

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