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PhysicsCourseware

PhysicsI
Buoyancy

buoyancy

fluid

gVolume

undersurface

Buoyancyforce
3

Problem1.Apieceofcorkofvolume0.000015m anddensity120kg/m3isfloatingonwater.How
muchleaddoyouneedtotietothecubetosinkit?

[Densityofleadis11,300kg/m3]

Solution:Themassofcorkis
massVolume120

kg

(15106m3)0.0018kgm3

LetsassumethatthemassoftheleadisM.Thenthevolumeoftheleadwillbe:

11300kg/m3

Volumelead

forthewholethingtosinkyouneedtohaveabuoyancyforceequaltotheweight:

WeightFBwatergVolume
3
(M0.0018kg)g10 3kg (15 106 m

M
11300kg/m3

m3

)
g

SolvingforMweget:
M0.0018kg0.015kg

M
11.300

0.015kg0.0018kg
M

0.0146kg

11/11.3

Problem2.Youandyourdivinggearhaveatotalmassof110kgandavolumeof 0.115m .Howmuchlead


3

(mass)doyouneedtocarryinyourbelttosinkinseawater?[Takethedensityofseawateras1,025kg/m ]
3
[Densityofleadis11,300kg/m ]

Solution:Theweightofthepersonwiththegearandtheleadhastobethesameasthe buoyancyforces,so:

gm

diver

lead

gV

seawater

diver

gV

seawater

lead

mlead

Wecanwritethevolumeoftheleadintermsofitsmass: Vlead

,sotheequation

lead

becomes:

mlead

mdivergmleadgseawatergVdiverseawaterg

lead

Andsolvingforthemassofleadweget:
m
10250.115110 8.66kg
V m
seawater

lead

diver

seawater

diver

11025/11300

lead

Problem3.Doicecubesfloathigherorlowerinanalcoholicdrink(comparedtopurewater)?Why?

[alcohol0.8g/cm3 ice 0.9g/cm 3

water 1g/cm 3 ]

Solution:
Sincethebuoyancyforceisequaltotheproductofdensity,volumeandg,thevolumeunderthesurface
hastobelargerforanalcoholicdrink,sinceitsdensityislower.So,theicecubeswillfloatlower.

Problem4.3 Whatfractionofablockofwood(density=800kg/m 3)willbeunderthesurfaceofmercury(density=


13,600kg/m )whenfloating?

Solution:Letsassumea1m blockofwoodwhosemassis800kg.Inordertofloatitsweightshouldbeequalto
thebuoyancyforce:

mg F

buoyancy

Volume

gVolume

fluid

undersurface

undersurface

800kg

0.0588m3

13,600kg/m3

fluid

Thisisonly5.9%oftheblocksvolume.

Problem5.Thewaterofaverysaltylakehasadensityof1,220kg/m3.Considera75kg
personfloatinginthelake.Howmuchofhervolumewillbeunderthesurfaceofthewater?
Solution:Thepersonwilldisplaceavolumeofsaltywaterthathasthesameweightas his:
m
mggVolumeVolume

75kg

3
1220kg/m3 0.0615m

Problem6.
a)Whatisthebuoyancyforceduetoairactingonapingpongballofradius20mmifthe
densityofairis1.29kg/m3?[Thevolumeofasphereis

4R3

]3

b)Whatfractionofitsweightisthebuoyancyforce?[Themassof
apingpongballis0.0027kg]

Solution:
a)Thebuoyancyforce:
F

3
gV(1.29kg/m3)(9.8m/s2) 4(0.0335m) 0.00199N

b)Thefractionofitsweightthatthisrepresents:
0.001991N
FB
mg
0.0595kg(9.8m/s

0.34%
)