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AQA-PSYA1-QP-JUN15.

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What is meant by the term secure attachment? [2 marks]
8 (b) Explain one strength of using the Strange Situation in attachment research.
[2 marks]
8 (c) Describe how behaviour in the Strange Situation would be different for a child
who shows insecure-resistant attachment and a child who shows insecure-avoidant
attachment. [4 marks]
8 (d) Describe findings from research into cultural variations in attachment. [4
marks]
9 A psychologist carried out research into the attachment types of children aged
between 12 months and 18 months old who attended a large day nursery. The
parents of these children had given permission for their child to take part in
research. The psychologist used the Strange Situation.
9 (a) Explain how the psychologist could obtain a random sample of 10 children
from the nursery to take part in her research. [2 marks]
9 (b) The psychologist chose to use a random sample rather than a volunteer
sample in this study. Give one advantage of using a random sample rather than a
volunteer sample. [2 marks]
9 (c) The Strange Situation is used to investigate attachment between an infant
and a parent. How might a parent show demand characteristics in the Strange
Situation? [2 marks]
9 (d) The British Psychological Society provides ethical guidance on planning,
carrying out and reporting research. Explain some of the ethical issues that the
psychologist would need to consider in research using the Strange Situation. [6
marks]
10 Outline and evaluate Bowlbys theory of attachment. [12 marks]
AQA-PSYA1-QP-JUN14.PDF
7 At twelve months of age, Mark was observed in the Strange Situation. When his
mother was present he explored the room but when she left he stopped exploring.
He was slightly upset when his mother left the room but when she returned he was
happy to see her. He was wary of a stranger who came into the room. Mark was
found to have a secure attachment. Explain two ways in which behaviour in the
Strange Situation would be different for a child who shows insecure-resistant
attachment rather than secure attachment. [2 + 2 marks]
11 How has research into attachment influenced child care practices? [4 marks]
AQA-PSYA1-QP-JUN13.PDF
6 What is meant by the term attachment? (2 marks)

7 When Max was born, his mother gave up work to stay at home and look after him.
Maxs father works long hours and does not have much to do with the day-to-day
care of his son. Max is now nine months old and he seems to have a very close bond
with his mother. Use learning theory to explain how Max became attached to his
mother rather than to his father. [6 marks]
8 Outline and evaluate research into cultural variations in attachment [12 marks]