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Quiz 2 Earth Science 101 Lecture

I. Fill-in the blank.


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Sediment is weathered pieces of Earth elements


Processes driven by ______ from the Earths interior are responsible for forming both igneous rock and metamorphic rock
_______ igneous rocks are formed when magma hardens beneath Earths surface.
_______ occurs when an agent of erosionwater, wind, ice, or gravityloses energy and drops sediments.
________ takes place when dissolved minerals are deposited in the tiny spaces among the sediments
The ________ is the upper level of the saturation zone of groundwater
________ are permeable rock layers or sediments that transmit groundwater freely
_______ are any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring naturally as part of our planet.
________ is metamorphic rock that typically displays a banded appearance.
______ soil (a mixture of all three sizes of soil) is best suited for plant life.
________ means to change form.
The disintegration and decomposition of material at or near the surface is called ________.
A _______ forms whenever the water table intersects the ground surface.
A _______ is a hole bored into the zone of saturation.
Rocks that are composed of weathered bits of rocks and minerals are called _______ sedimentary rocks.
An ________ well is any formation in which groundwater rises on its own under pressure.
A ________ is a naturally formed underground chamber.
__________ is formed by the crystallization of molten magma.
__________ is a form of limestone that is deposited by hot springs or as a cave deposit.
__________ is formed by the alteration of pre-existing rock deep within Earth (but still in the solid state) by heat, pressure,
and/or chemically active fluids.
__________ is magma that reaches the surface
__________ is a process in which rocks are broken down by water, air, and living things.
External processes produce _________ rocks.
__________ is a process that squeezes, or compacts, sediments
__________ igneous rocks are formed when lava hardens.
__________ are an accumulation of sediment formed where a stream enters a lake or ocean.
The ________ is the flat, low-lying portion of a stream valley subject to periodic flooding.
_________ metamorphism results in large-scale deformation and high-grade metamorphism
_________ is the transfer of rock material downslope under the influence of gravity
_________ is a combination of mineral matter, water, and air that portion of the regolith (rock and mineral fragments) that
supports the growth of plants
_________ are zones or layers of soil
The system for classifying soils is called the ___________ .
_________ is a form of mass wasting where rapid movement along a curved surface occurs along oversteepened slopes.
_________ is form of mass wasting where rapid blocks of bedrock move down a slope.
Debris flows composed mostly of volcanic materials are called _________ .
_________ is a special type of earthflow sometimes associated with earthquakes
_________ is a form of mass wasting where the slow movement of soil and regolith downhill causes fences and utility poles
to tilt.
_________ is the principal ore of aluminum.
A stream in a broad, flat-bottomed valley that is near its base level often develops a course with many bends is called
___________.
___________ is the slope or steepness of a stream channel.

II. Enumeration:
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Give 2 agents of metamorphism


Give two kinds of weathering
Enumerate the 5 processes involved in the water cycle.
Give the6 forms of mass wasting