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Recitation Sections Learning Objectives

Recitation Section #13 (Memory) – May 16-17th

Homework #12 (homework questions are highlighted)
1. What flashbulb memory do you have for an emotion-laden experience in your
past? Explain how emotion-triggered hormonal changes might explain why we
remember flashbulb events so clearly.

2. What is sensory memory? What is short-term memory? What is long-term


3. What is the difference between iconic memory and echoic memory? What is the
difference between short-term memory and working memory? Describe the
capacity and duration of short-term memory and long-term memory?

4. What is encoding? What is the difference between visual encoding, acoustic

encoding and semantic encoding? Describe an experiment that compared these
three types of encoding. Which type of encoding produces the best recognition at
a later time? What implications do these findings have for studying for a test?

5. What is effortful processing? How does visual imagery aid effortful processing?
What is a mnemonic device? Describe how the peg-word system works.

6. How does organization help encoding of information? What is chunking? Give

two examples of chunking using common acronyms. What is hierarchical
organization? How would you use hierarchical organization to prepare for the
final exam in PSY 102?

7. What is LTP? Explain how it works. How has research on the California sea
snail increased our understanding of the neural basis of learning?

8. What is explicit memory? How does the hippocampus store explicit memories?
How does our understanding of the hippocampus help explain infantile amnesia?

9. What is implicit memory? Why do Clive Wearing (from class film) and other
amnesia victims maintain implicit memories despite massive memory failures?
What role does the cerebellum play in storing implicit memories?

10. Your friend tells you that her father experienced brain damage in an accident. She
wonders if psychology can explain why he can still play checkers very well but
has a hard time holding a sensible conversation. What can you tell her?

11. What is the difference between recall and recognition? What is a retrieval cue?
How do retrieval cues help access stored memories?
12. What is a context effect? Describe how the divers experiment demonstrates the
effect of context on memory. What is déjà vu? How might context effects help
explain the phenomenon of déjà vu?

13. Summarize Freud’s concept of repression, and state whether this view is reflected
in current memory research.

14. Describe the techniques mentioned in the textbook that use memory research to
improve the effectiveness of studying for a test.