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PRESBYTERIAN HIGH SCHOOL

CHEMISTRY

5073/1

PAPER ONE
2 September 2015
PRESBYTERIAN HIGH SCHOOL
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2015 SECONDARY FOUR EXPRESS


PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
Write in soft pencil.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Write your name, class and register number on the answer sheet in the spaces
provided.
There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question
there are four possible answers, A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the
separate answer sheet.
Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.
Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong
answer.
Any rough working should be done in this booklet.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 14.

Setter: Mr Clement Yew


This question paper consists of 14 printed pages (including this cover page) and 0 blank page.

Which diagram best describes a mixture of iodine, argon and hydrogen chloride?

A
2

What property of an ester could be used to check its purity before it is used as a
food flavouring?
A
B
C
D

boiling point
colour
solubility in water
sweet smell

The apparatus shown is set-up, using different gases in the beaker.


beaker
porous pot
oxygen

E
water

Which gas, when present in the beaker, causes the water level at E to rise?
A
B
C
D

carbon dioxide
chlorine
hydrogen
nitrogen dioxide

Camphor is a substance used in skin ointments and a natural sample of it is found


to contain impurities like iron(III) oxide, iron and sodium chloride. The effects of
these substances with three different types of liquids are shown below.
substance
camphor
iron
iron(III) oxide
sodium chloride

water
no effect
no effect
no effect
dissolves

ethanol
dissolves
no effect
no effect
no effect

dilute nitric acid


no Effect
reacts to give solution
reacts to give solution
dissolves

Which is the best method to obtain pure camphor?


A
B
C
D
5

Element F has proton number n and forms an ionic compound F2O. Element G has
proton number (n+2). What is the likely formula of the oxide of G?
A
B
C
D

Add dilute nitric acid, filter and crystallise.


Add dilute nitric acid, filter, rinse and dry.
Add ethanol, filter, rinse and dry.
Add water, filter, add dilute nitric acid to filtrate and crystallise.

GO
GO3
G2 O
G2O3

The table below shows some of the physical properties of some unknown
substances, P, Q, R and S.
unknown
substance

melting
point / oC

boiling
point / oC

122

electrical conductivity

solubility
in water

solid state

liquid state

550

poor

poor

insoluble

690

1790

poor

good

soluble

1510

2489

poor

poor

insoluble

1453

2730

good

good

insoluble

Which of the following statements about the four substances is correct?

Substance P is a simple molecular compound with weak covalent bonds.

Substance Q is a covalent compound with mobile electrons in the liquid state.

Substance R is a macromolecule with immobile electrons held by weak


intermolecular forces.

Substance S is a macromolecule with mobile electrons.

Which compound has both ionic and covalent bonds?


3

A
B
C
D
8

carbon dioxide
magnesium nitrate
propanol
sodium chloride

The electronic configuration of X is 2.8.4. X reacts with an element Y from Group VII
of the Periodic Table. Which of the following best describes a compound formed
from X and Y?
type of bond
covalent
covalent
ionic
ionic

A
B
C
D
9

formula of compound
XY4
X4Y
XY4
X4Y

The diagrams show the structures of two forms of carbon.

Which set of data is correct for these two structures?


conducts electricity
U
V
V
U

A
B
C
D

very hard material


U
U
V
V

can be used as lubricant


V
V
U
U

10 Which substance contains the greatest number of molecules in 1 g?


A
B
C
D

CO
NO2
O2
SO2

11 Which one of the following has the lowest electrical conductivity?


4

A a mixture of 25 cm3 of 1 mol/dm3 sodium hydroxide and 25 cm3 of 1 mol/dm3 of


hydrochloric acid
B ctiric acid dissolved in organic solvent
C vinegar
D 2 mol/dm3 of sodium hydroxide
12 Melamine, a plastic, has the following composition by mass.
C: 28.6%, H: 4.80 %, N: 66.6%
If its relative molecular mass is 126, what is its molecular formula?

A
B
C
D

CH2N2
C2H4H4
C3H6N6
C4H8H8

13 5 g of barium sulfate is contaminated with calcium carbonate. The mixture is added


to excess nitric acid and filtered. The mass of the residue and filtrate is found to be
2.8 g and 9 g respectively. Determine the percentage purity of barium sulfate.
A

5
x 100%
9

9
x 100%
5

2 .2
x 100%
5

2 .8
x 100%
5

14 Four acids form ions as shown.


CH3COOH H+ + CH3COOHCl H+ + ClH2SO4 2H+ + SO42H3PO4 3H+ + PO43Which aqueous acid neutralises the greatest volume of aqueous sodium
hydroxide of the same concentration?
A

4 dm3 of CH3COOH of concentration 1 mol/dm3


3 dm3 of HCl of concentration 2 mol/dm3
C 2 dm3 of H3PO4 of concentration 3 mol/dm3
D 1 dm3 of H2SO4 of concentration 4 mol/dm3
15 Which salt would not be prepared by a method using precipitation?
B

A barium sulfate
B calcium carbonate
5

C potassium chloride
D silver chloride
16 Solution H was added to a test tube containing acidified silver nitrate There was no
effervescence and no other visible change. Which of the following solutions could H
be?
A
B
C
D

aluminium nitrate
sodium carbonate
copper(II) chloride
potassium iodide

17 On adding aqueous lead(II) nitrate to aqueous potassium iodide, a precipitate is


immediately formed.
Pb2+(aq) + 2I-(aq) PbI2(s)
In the experiment, a student decided to add various volumes of 1.0 mol/dm 3 lead(II)
nitrate to 5 cm3 of 1.0 mol/dm3 aqueous potassium iodide. Each time, she
centrifuged the mixture and measured the height of the precipitate formed. The
results are shown below.

height of
precipitate
formed

test-tube J

volume of lead(II) nitrate added / cm3

What volume of lead(II) nitrate was added to test-tube J to produce the maximum
height of the precipitate?
A
B
C
D

1.0 cm3
2.5 cm3
5.0 cm3
10.0 cm3

18 The results of tests carried out on compound K are shown.


Test
dilute nitric acid

result
gas given off gives a white precipitate with limewater
6

warm with aqueous sodium


hydroxide

gas evolved which turned moist red litmus blue

What is compound K?
A
B
C
D

ammonium carbonate
ammonium nitrate
calcium carbonate
calcium nitrate

19 Experiments are carried out to investigate the reactivities of metals W, X, Y and Z.


The table shows the results.
Experiment
reaction with HCl
heat on the metal
carbonate
reaction of metal
with copper (II)
sulfate solution

W
hydrogen
evolved
metal oxide
and carbon
dioxide forms
copper
displaced

X
no reaction
metal oxide
and carbon
dioxide
forms
no reaction

Y
hydrogen
evolved
no reaction

copper
displaced

Z
no reaction
metal oxide
and carbon
dioxide
forms
copper
displaced

What is the order of reactivity of the metals?


Most reactive least reactive
A
B
C
D

Z
Y
W
Y

X
W
Z
W

W
X
Y
Z

Y
Z
X
X

20 In which of the following cells will the current be the greatest?


A

distilled water

dilute sulfuric acid

distilled water

dilute sulfuric acid

21 An aqueous solution T is electrolysed. The current is constant and the cathode is


weighed at regular intervals. The graph below is obtained when the mass of
cathode is plotted against time.
7

mass of
cathode

time
Which of the following will not produce the graph above?
cathode
copper
graphite
graphite
graphite

A
B
C
D

anode
copper
silver
graphite
graphite

solution T
copper(II) nitrate solution
silver nitrate solution
dilute sulfuric acid
copper(II) nitrate solution

22 Three electrochemical cells are set up using copper metal and three unknown
metals, M, N and O as electrodes, immersed in dilute sulfuric acid of the same
concentration. The potential differences between the metals are given in the table
below.
electrochemical cell

metals used

voltage / V

positive electrode

Cu, M

-0.45

Cu, N

+1.11

Cu

Cu, O

+2.71

Cu

From these results, deduce which of the following correctly list the metals in the
order of increasing ease of oxidation.
A
B
C
D

M
O
Cu
O

N
N
M
Cu

Cu
Cu
N
N

O
M
O
M

23 In which reaction is pressure least likely to affect the rate of reaction?


A
B
C
D

C(s)
N2(g)
NaOH(aq)
CuCO3(s)

+
+
+
A

CO2(g)
3H2(g)
HCl(aq)
CuO(s)
B

2CO(g)
2NH3(g)

NaCl(aq)
+ C CO2(g) D

H2O(l)

24 An experiment was setup as shown in the diagram. Which tube will have the
highest water level after one month?

25 Which of the following statements concerning the Periodic Table is correct?


A
B

All Groups contain both metals and non-metals.


Atoms of elements in the same Group have the same number of valence
electrons.
Elements in a Period become more metallic with increasing proton number.
In Group I, reactivity decreases with increasing proton number.

C
D

26 Why do farmers and gardeners often treat soil with ammonium sulfate?
A
B
C
D

To increase the nitrogen content of the soil.


To increase the oxygen content of the soil.
To kill pests that are harmful to plants.
To reduce acidity of the soil.

27 In the Haber Process for the manufacture of ammonia, what are the usual operating
conditions?
pressure
1 atm
200 atm
200 atm
450 atm

A
B
C
D

temperature
200oC
450oC
450oC
200oC

catalyst
nickel
nickel
iron
iron

28 Which reaction would you expect to take place?


A
B
C
D

Ca2+(aq)
Mg2+(aq)
Cu2+(aq)
2H+(aq)

+
+
+
+

Fe(s)
Cu(s)
Fe(s)
Ag(s)

Fe2+(aq)
Cu2+(aq)
Cu(s)
Ag+(aq)

+
+
+
+

Ca(s)
Mg(s)
Fe2+(aq)
H2(g)

29 Magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid.


Mg + 2HCl

MgCl2

+ H2
9

Three experiments were performed using solutions of different concentration but an


excess of magnesium. The graph shows the results.
P
Volume of hydrogen Q
(cm3)
R
Time

The solutions used were


I 50.0 cm3 of 2.0 mol/dm3 hydrochloric acid
II 100 cm3 of 1.0 mol/dm3 hydrochloric acid
III 200 cm3 of 1.0 mol/dm3 hydrochloric acid
Which curve corresponds to which solution?

A
B
C
D

I
P
R
R
Q

II
Q
P
Q
R

III
R
Q
P
P

30 Vanadium(V) oxide reacts with dilute sulfuric acid in their reaction shown below:
V2O5 + H2SO4 (VO2)2SO4 + H2O
In this reaction, what is the role of vanadium(V) oxide?
A
B
C
D

base
dehydrating agent
oxidizing agent
reducing agent

31 Which one of the following equations does not represent a redox reaction?
A
B

Sn2+ (aq) + 2 Fe3+ (aq) Sn4+ (aq) + 2 Fe2+ (aq)


Ca (s) + 2 HCl (aq) CaCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)
10

C
D

Ag+ (aq) + Cl (aq) AgCl (s)


Zn (s) + 2 H+ (aq) Zn2+ (aq) + H2 (g)

32 What are the oxidation states of chlorine in ClO 4 and Cl2O respectively?
A
B
C
D

+7 and +1
+7 and -1
+3 and +1
+3 and -1

33 Hydrogen reacts with chlorine as follows.


H2 + Cl2 2 HCl

H = -184 kJ

The H-H bond energy is 436 kJ/mol and the Cl-Cl bond energy is 242 kJ/mol.
What is the H-Cl bond energy?
A
B
C
D

216 kJ/mol
431 kJ/mol
494 kJ/mol
862 kJ/mol

34 The diagram below shows the energy profile diagram when barium hydroxide reacts
with hydrochloric acid.
energy

Reactant
Product

course of reaction

What information cannot be inferred from the energy profile diagram?


A
B
C
D

The reactant has a higher energy level than the product.


The reaction is exothermic.
The enthalpy change is a negative value.
There are more bonds formed in the products than the number of bonds broken
in the reactants.

35 Photochemical smog is seen over many industrialised cities. Which of the following
is not responsible for its formation?
A

nitrogen dioxide
11

B
C
D

ozone
sulfur dioxide
pentane

36 Molecules present in car exhaust fumes include carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide,
nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and water. Which of these molecules are not
treated after passing through the catalytic converter of a car?
A
B
C
D

carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and water only.


nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide only.
nitrogen dioxide and water only.
nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide and water only.

37 When C4H9OH is oxidised, it forms substance L. This substance reacts with


C3H7OH to produce an ester. What is substance L?
A
B
C
D

HCO2H
C2H5CO2H
C3H7CO2H
C4H9CO2H

38 A chemist wishes to make a condensation polymer. He has available the following


compounds.
HOOC CH2 CH2 COOH
CH2 = CH2
H2N CH2 CH2 NH2
CH3 CH2 CH2 NH2

I
II
III
IV

Which two compounds will the chemist choose?


E
F
G
H

I and II
I and III
II and IV
I and IV

39 Why is the fermentation of glucose solution carried out in the absence of oxygen
gas?
A
B
C
D

This is to prevent the yeast from multiplying.


To prevent the oxidation of alcohol produced.
To prevent the oxidation of carboxylic acid produced.
To prevent the yeast from dying.

40 Substance T consists of a long saturated hydrocarbon shown below:

CH CH2 CH CH2 CH CH2


12

|
CH3

|
CH3

|
CH3

What will be the structure of its monomer?


A
B
C
D

CH3CH = CH2
CH3CH = CHCH3
CH2 = CH2
CH3H CH2

END OF PAPER

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14

PRESBYTERIAN HIGH SCHOOL


SCIENCE DEPARTMENT
Subject: Chemistry
Level: 4 Express
Setter: Mr Clement Yew

Exam: Prelim
Year: 2015
MARKING SCHEME

Paper 1 (40 marks)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

A
A
C
B
D
D
B
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
C
A
A
A
D
B

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

C
C
C
D
B
A
C
C
D
A
C
A
B
D
C
A
C
B
B
A

15