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Hannah Sherrington

Podcast re-submission
In this podcast I am going to be analysing the legal, ethical,regulatory and
representational issues for my chosen magazine and newspaper. The magazine
which i have chosen to analyse is GLAMOUR. The mass audiences who read into
the content of GLAMOUR, can either have a positive or negative effect on what they
read and consume. A positive effect would be women feeling confident about their
bodies and how they look. Due to the magazines content about body images being
positive and helpful. The negative of this would be the portrayal of female body
types, and how women are meant to feel and look in this day and age. Fashion
magazines like GLAMOUR, can sometimes send out the wrong messages and this
can end up being the negative effect of it.The uses and Gratifications theory stated
by Blumler and Katz, says that media audiences are active not passive. It suggests,
that the active audience makes active decisions on what they consume. The active
audience theory to this day, argues that media audiences do not just receive
information passively but are actively involved, often unconsciously. The opposite
audience is the passive audience. This audience only observes an event rather than
actively responding. One of the uses of models which could be used unconsciously
when reading a magazine could be Diversion. This is the need for escaping or for
relaxation, this term is known as Escapism.Some GLAMOUR issues may have
articles on celebrity weight loss and celebrity relationships. These articles may be
personal to the individual which is being talked about, also private information that
they dont want everyone to know about or to be shared. Paparazzi can also be apart
of this from taking images of celebrities which links to privacy.GLAMOUR will have
good role models in their articles which are being publicised. This reflects back on
the magazine and the celebrities which are being reported.There are many laws
under the Human Rights Act 1998, which prohibit bodies from trespassing,
defamation, harassment, nuisance and surveillance. The individual can take legal
action which includes suing the company from damages to get compensation.
Representation is how media texts deal with gender, age, nationality, regional
identity, social issues and events to an audience. Media texts have the power to
shape an audiences knowledge and understanding about these important topics.
The relevant issues of representation could be published in a GLAMOUR magazine
such as sexism and stereotyping. For example stereotyping could be done
presented negatively or positively. GLAMOUR and other Fashion magazines are
known for doing this very openly. The negative of this is articles being written about
certain celebrities which are not true or shape a person's opinion of them. On the
front cover of a certain GLAMOUR magazine it quotes,Katy Perry and who she is
not sleeping with! This is a good example because we instantly gain an opinion on
the person.The positive would be certain celebrities being used in GLAMOUR, to
advertise a certain product. Such as Kim Kardashian advertising her Sketchers.
Using a celebrity like Kim, we understand her identity and how she presents herself
as a well known reality star, she is fit, healthy, so we have an opinion on that as an
audience.

Hannah Sherrington
The legal issues which would have to be considered and used would be varied. The
first legal issue would be Copyright, Copyright is designed to protect an individuals
material. This would be the content of their work being published in magazines.
Another legal issue which would be included in my magazine would be defamation,
which protects the reputation of a person from defamatory statements made about
themselves. In the magazine I have chosen to analyse, this would be related to
articles written about celebrities which may be false and could be ruin a person's
reputation or career if they are not actually true.Another legal issue would be Libel,
this is defined as defamation by written or printed words and pictures. Libel is a false
statement which is made about a person and then put into publications such as
magazines, this can damage the persons reputation. This is very important when it
comes to magazines such as mine as it can ruin a person's career and give people a
different opinion on them.
The first ethical issue would be Right to privacy. This gives an individual the
exclusive right to license the use of their identity for commercial promotion. Privacy
plays a major part and is a big legal constraint that GLAMOUR and other Fashion
magazines have to deal with.For example paparazzi photography is usually used in
Fashion publications such as mine.This is before they can even publish their
magazine. Sensationalism would be another ethical issue which would have to be
covered.Sensationalism is the presentation of stories in a way that is intended to
gain public interest or excitement.This would be be covered in my magazine, as
some stories which are published are intended for the public's interest. Public
interest is the welfare or wellbeing of the general public. Chequebook Journalism
would be an ethical issue, this is the practice of paying a large amount of money to
acquire the exclusive right to publish a person's story in a magazine or newspaper.
The essential characteristic is that the Journalist pays the subject of the work for the
right to publish their story. Once a person's story is published in a magazine for
instance GLAMOUR, the person that sold the story cannot legally by law go to a
competitor such as ELLE. This would be relating to publishing the same story
because GLAMOUR has the legal copyright over their work. They would have the
legal documentation to prove it is their story also.Also for my newspaper if The
Sunday Telegraph was to publish a story, once it is published the story cannot
legally by the law go to another competing newspaper such as The Sunday Times.
Another ethical issue which would come under in my magazine would be Offensive
material.Offensive material is offensive words and images,such as articles,
photographs, and the magazine's website. These subjects are likely to be upsetting,
insulting, or objectionable to someone that is in the publication. Offensive material is
often used in publications such as Fashion magazines, like GLAMOUR as there can
be photos of celebrities and writers being prejudiced with the celebrity content.
Celebrities may be offended by or not wanting to be published into the media. For
example in GLAMOUR and other Fashion publications can produce content in their
magazines which is wrong and unfair.

Hannah Sherrington

Next i am going to be analysing my chosen newspaper, The Sunday Telegraph and


the legal issues which are covered.The first legal issue would be Copyright,
Copyright law is governed by the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Copyright is put in place so it protects people's work such as news articles which we
find in The Sunday Telegraph and other newspapers.Defamation would be the next
legal issue,spoken defamation is called "slander." written defamation is called "libel,
it is a false statement that harms the reputation of an individual. This can also have
negative effects on the person who is in the public eye.This may appear in news
articles like The Sunday Telegraph, about certain Politicians or Public figures.
Another ethical issue would be offensive material. Offensive material is any
published or broadcasted content, this could be photographs and websites.This can
have negative effects for people who are well known in big industries. Offensive
material may appear in The Sunday Telegraph, due to it being a robust newspaper
full of news and investigative Journalism. Certain stories in the paper are usually
undergoing investigation.Public interest would be another ethical issue for my
newspaper, public interest is news and stories for the public.It is the welfare or
wellbeing of the general public. The next ethical issue would be Sensationalism. This
means the presentation of stories which is intended to provoke public interest or
excitement. My newspaper and others, would intend on using sensationalism as they
want to increase public interest for their newspaper, like The Sunday Telegraph.The
regulatory bodies which are involved in maintaining standards within the
newspapers, would be IPSO. They maintain the standards within both magazines
and newspapers.
The regulatory bodies which come into this would be IPSO,they hold newspapers
and magazines to account for their actions and protect individual rights.IPSO
handles complaints and conduct their own investigations into editorial standards and
compliance. The Press Complaints Commission,they deal with complaints of the
magazine's editorial content.The (DPA), Data Protection Act, controls how personal
information is used by organisations, businesses or the government.These certain
bodies are put in place for both magazines and newspapers to safeguard people's
personal lives.

Hannah Sherrington