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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.

10)
Radio Network Controller

Product Description
Version: V4.12.10

ZTE CORPORATION
No. 55, Hi-tech Road South, ShenZhen, P.R.China
Postcode: 518057
Tel: +86-755-26771900
Fax: +86-755-26770801
URL: http://ensupport.zte.com.cn
E-mail: support@zte.com.cn

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Revision History
Revision No.

Revision Date

Revision Reason

R1.1

20130801

Updated to V4.12.10.14
Add 4 External Physical Interfaces
Modify 3.2.1 Cabinet
Optimize the figures and the manual structure

R1.0

20130410

First Edition

Serial Number: SJ-20121213161403-002


Publishing Date: 2013-08-01(R1.1)

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Contents
About This Manual ......................................................................................... I
Chapter 1 Overview .................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Product Positioning ............................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Product Features................................................................................................ 1-4

Chapter 2 Function..................................................................................... 2-1


2.1 Service Functions............................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Interface Signalling Processing ........................................................................... 2-2
2.3 Radio Resources Management ........................................................................... 2-3
2.4 User Data Transmission ..................................................................................... 2-8

Chapter 3 Structure .................................................................................... 3-1


3.1 Overview ........................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Hardware Structure ............................................................................................ 3-1
3.2.1 Cabinet.................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2.2 Subracks ................................................................................................. 3-5
3.2.3 Boards..................................................................................................... 3-7
3.3 Software Structure............................................................................................ 3-10

Chapter 4 External Physical Interfaces .................................................... 4-1


4.1 External Interfaces ............................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Power Interfaces ................................................................................................ 4-2
4.3 Ground Interface ................................................................................................ 4-3
4.4 BITS Benchmark Clock Interface......................................................................... 4-4
4.5 GPS Clock Interface ........................................................................................... 4-4
4.6 GPS Antenna Interface ....................................................................................... 4-5
4.7 NMS Interface.................................................................................................... 4-6
4.8 Service Interfaces .............................................................................................. 4-7
4.9 Environment Monitoring Transit Interface ............................................................. 4-8
4.10 Door Access Control Interface........................................................................... 4-9

Chapter 5 Principle..................................................................................... 5-1


5.1 System Logical Structure .................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 System Signal Flow ............................................................................................ 5-2
5.2.1 Overview ................................................................................................. 5-2
5.2.2 Signal Flow of User Plane......................................................................... 5-2
5.2.3 Signal Flow of Control Plane ..................................................................... 5-3
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5.2.4 Signalling Signal Flow of Control Plane at Uu interface ............................... 5-4


5.2.5 Operation and Maintenance Signal Flow.................................................... 5-4

Chapter 6 Configuration ............................................................................ 6-1


6.1 Shelf Configuration Principles ............................................................................. 6-1
6.2 Board Configuration Principles ............................................................................ 6-2
6.3 Minimum Configuration ....................................................................................... 6-2
6.4 Typical Configurations ........................................................................................ 6-4
6.5 Maximum Configuration ...................................................................................... 6-5

Chapter 7 Networking ................................................................................ 7-1


7.1 Overview ........................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 Networking With Base Station ............................................................................. 7-1
7.2.1 Networking With 2G/3G Base Stations....................................................... 7-2
7.2.2 Networking With Multi-Mode Base Station.................................................. 7-3
7.3 Networking With Core Network............................................................................ 7-4
7.4 Networking With Radio Network Controller........................................................... 7-4

Chapter 8 Operation and Maintenance..................................................... 8-1


8.1 Overview ........................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2 Operation and Maintenance Networking .............................................................. 8-2

Chapter 9 Reliability ................................................................................... 9-1


9.1 Hardware Reliability Design ................................................................................ 9-1
9.2 Clock Synchronization Reference ........................................................................ 9-2
9.3 EMC Design ...................................................................................................... 9-2
9.4 Grounding and Security Design........................................................................... 9-3
9.5 Software Reliability Design ................................................................................. 9-3
9.6 Heat Dissipation Design...................................................................................... 9-4

Figures............................................................................................................. I
Tables ............................................................................................................ III
Glossary .........................................................................................................V

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About This Manual


Purpose
This manual describes the characteristics, functions, structure, principle, configuration,
and networking of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

Intended Audience
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Planning engineers
System engineers

What is in This Manual


Chapter

Summary

1, Overview

Describes the location of ZXUR 9000 UMTS in the network, and the
appearance and characteristics of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

2, Function

Describes the main functions of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

3, Structure

Describes the hardware structure and software structure of ZXUR 9000


UMTS.

4, External Physical

Describes the external physical interfaces of the ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

Interfaces
5, Principle

Describes the logical structure and signal flow of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

6, Configuration

Describes the configuration principles of ZXUR 9000 UMTS shelves


and boards.

7, Networking

Describes the networking of ZXUR 9000 UMTS with other NEs.

8, Operation and

Describes the operation and maintenance of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

Maintenance
9, Reliability

Describes the reliability design of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

Conventions
This manual uses the following typographical conventions:
Typeface

Meaning
Note: provides additional information about a certain topic.

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Chapter 1

Overview
Table of Contents
Product Positioning ....................................................................................................1-1
Product Features........................................................................................................1-4

1.1 Product Positioning


ZXUR 9000 is a multi-mode controller solution provided by ZTE Corporation to integrate
radio networks of different systems. With a multi-mode and IP-oriented modular design,
ZXUR 9000 provides the functions of BSC and RNC in the GSM and UMTS systems
respectively to adequately fulfill the requirements of multi-mode integration.
Depending on the network environment, ZXUR 9000 can be configured to three systems:
ZXUR 9000 GSM, ZXUR 9000 UMTS, and 9000 GU. XUR 9000 GSM and ZXUR 9000
UMTS are independent network element modes. ZXUR 9000 GU is integrated network
element mode.
If configured to a ZXUR 9000 GU system, ZXUR 9000 can, as an independent element,
access a network where GSM and UMTS coexist. In this case, ZXUR 9000 GU provides
functions of both GSM BSC and UMTS RNC. When ZXUR 9000 GU accesses a GSM
network, it complies with the 3GPP R7 protocol. When ZXUR 9000 GU accesses a UMTS
network, it complies with the 3GPP R9 protocol.
This manual only describes the ZXUR 9000 in independent network element mode, that
is, ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

Appearance
Figure 1-1 shows the appearance of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

Figure 1-1 Appearance

Location in Network
ZXUR 9000 UMTS is a multi-mode controller. It can control and manage different standard
base stations, and belongs to part of the GSM/UMTS radio access network.
The GSM/UMTS radio access network includes one or more radio network subsystems
(BSS or RNS). One BSS is made up of one BSC and one or more BTSs, and one RNS
is made up of one RNC and one or more Node Bs. Each BSS/RNS manages the radio
resources of a cell to which it belongs.
Figure 1-2 illustrates the relations between the ZXUR 9000 UMTS multi-mode controller
and other network elements.

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Chapter 1 Overview

Figure 1-2 Location of ZXUR 9000 UMTS in Network

Table 1-1 illustrates the external system and interfaces.


Table 1-1 External System and Interfaces
External System
UE

Node B/
RNC

Function
Mobile terminal, which is the radio access equipment at the user side.
Establishes radio environment under
the control of RNC.
Radio network controller

Related Interface
Uu,

Iub
Iur

Connects RNC/BSC and UE/MS to


MSC

establish radio voice channel for voice

Iu-CS

switching.
Connects RNC/BSC and UE/MS to
SGSN

establish radio data channel for data

Iu-PS

switching.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

The above-mentioned interfaces are standard interfaces, which can interconnect with
equipment from other manufacturers.

1.2 Product Features


Advanced Architecture
The ZXUR 9000 UMTS system is based on the ETCA architecture, providing standard
platform architecture for carrier-class applications, with features like high reliability and
maintainability.
The ETCA architecture provides additional rear boards as compared with the standard
ATCA architecture. Without sacrificing the capacity of front boards, the added rear
interface boards can improve the processing capacity with more interfaces for NEs, which
need a relatively larger amount of low-speed interfaces.

More Scalable Software Platform


The ZXUR 9000 UMTS system software adopts the Linux multi-process architecture. The
middleware concept is introduced for restructuring software design to enable a highly
cohesive system with loose coupling.
The multi-process architecture ensures the independence of individual processes,
separating the errors occurring within one process from others, and enhancing the system
capacity and security.

Higher Service Processing Capability


ZXUR 9000 UMTS adopts multi-core high processing chips with highly systematic
integration and great processing capability. It, through optimizing the overall performance
of the system, assists operator reducing costs, integrating networks in different modes,
and evolving future technologies. In addition, it provides the operators with strong
competitiveness in the mobile internet era through the following functions:
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Shared resource management


Improve the sharing of radio resources and the overall radio performance.
Through the inner interfaces of BSC/RNC, ZXUR 9000 UMTS supports 2G/3G
sharing the capacity and load information, reduces the signalling load between the
radio network and CN, accelerates the procedure of signalling processing, improves
the handover success rate, and balances 2G/3G traffic load. Through the Iur-g
interface inside the dual-mode controller, ZXUR 9000 UMTS connects to RNC and
BSC, and adopts the enhanced Iur-g handover procedure to reduce the 2G/3G
handover delay. Through the inner interfaces of RNC, ZXUR 9000 UMTS obtains the
system information of BSC's external neighbor cell for crossing system, which takes
less time than the conventional way, that is, the information is forwarded from CN to
BSC/RNC, and alleviates the signalling interaction loads between the CN and radio
network.
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Chapter 1 Overview

Shared operation and maintenance


ZXUR 9000 UMTS only uses one set of NM system to perform centralized
management and maintenance on the 2G/3G network, to reduce the costs.

Shared transmission processing


ZXUR 9000 UMTS supports 2G Abis/A/Gb and 3G Iub/Iu-CS/Iu-PS accessing the
network through transmission sharing mode, which saves the transmission resources
over the Abis/Iub, A/Iu-CS, and Gb/Iu-PS interfaces to a great extent, and improves
the allocation and utilization of transmission resources.

Shared main control function


2G and 3G employ the same main control unit, to reduce the board types, share the
hardware resources, and save the costs of networking and maintenance.

Multi-clock synchronization
ZXUR 9000 UMTS supports multi-clock synchronization. For the abrupt problems,
such as clock fault, it provides 1+1 hot backup for automatic changeover, to satisfy
the operation and maintenance requirement of operators.

Carrier-Class Reliability
ZXUR 9000 UMTS adopts a modular design that facilitates installation and maintenance
and makes capacity expansion or adjustment flexible. With good strength and rigidity, the
cabinet will hardly become loose, deformed, or damaged during installation/uninstallation,
storage and transportation. Besides, the cabinet structure has well-designed cooling and
good electromagnetic compatibility.
All the key components employ 1 1 active/standby backup mode, and other components
adopt load sharing mode. With high application reliability, ZXUR 9000 UMTS employs the
Linux operating system, and supports active/standby mode of process-class software.

Environment-Friendly Design
The system is designed by observing relevant environment preserving regulations and
standards. The increasing energy tense and ever deteriorating environment have made
environment-friendly design and low power consumption important concerns for telecom
operators, who not only take environment preservation a social responsibility and a means
for reducing cost, but also promote the formulation of relevant regulations and standards.
Compared with two independent controllers, ZXUR 9000 UMTS reduces the power
consumption itself by employing a set of physical devices to deploy two logic networks.
Besides, the overall power consumption of the system is reduced with advanced technical
measures from ZTE corporation. Such as, utilization of radio resources is improved
through the message interaction among different modes, to achieve a perfect dynamic
power-consumption management strategy, and some carriers and boards of low utilization
can be shut off appropriately, to reduce power consumption and save energy.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

More Competitive Evolution Potential


ZXUR 9000 UMTS provides varieties of external interfaces that are compatible with both
full-IP requirements and traditional E1 and TDM access. When employing the IP sharing
transmission mode, it supports such interfaces as 2G Abis, 2G A, 2G Gb, 3G Iub, 3G
Iu-CS, and 3G Iu-PS accessing the network, to save the transmission resources to a great
extent. The system, as the resources of IPV4 are deteriorating, is compatible with IPV6.
In addition, it is compatible with future development: the media access system considers
the operator's investment benefit in that it is compatible with multi-mode application and
the evolution to LTE, HSPA+.

Easy Operation and Maintenance


ZXUR 9000 UMTS integrates several logic networks into a physical network which
facilitates operators deploying 3G network, upgrading and replacing 2G network, to
obtain several networks at the cost of almost one network, reduce the operation and
maintenance work and costs, and improve the utilization of radio, transmission, and
processing resources to a certain extent.
Besides, ZXUR 9000 UMTS adopts a new hardware architecture, which embodies
the operation and maintenance board, the data switching and processing board, the
interface board, and the service processing board, to reduce the board backup types
and maintenance costs, and facilitate daily maintenance by providing a unified external
operation and maintenance platform among different modes.

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Chapter 2

Function
Table of Contents
Service Functions.......................................................................................................2-1
Interface Signalling Processing ..................................................................................2-2
Radio Resources Management ..................................................................................2-3
User Data Transmission .............................................................................................2-8

2.1 Service Functions


ZXUR 9000 UMTS implements the functions of basic telecommunications services and
such services as location service, R99, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, and MBMS service.

Introduction to Location Functions


ZXUR 9000 UMTS provides such three location methods as CellID, CellIDRTT, and AGPS,
to locate the current geographical location of UE. The AGPS supports such two working
modes as UEB and UEA.

Introduction to HSDPA Functions


HSDPA functions of ZXUR 9000 UMTS supports the background, interactive, and
streaming services. The downlink peak rate of a cell reaches 14.4 Mbps.

Introduction to HSUPA Functions


ZXUR 9000 UMTS implements the functions of HSUPA basic services, and HSUPA
mobility. The uplink peak rate of a cell reaches 5.76 Mbps.

Introduction to HSPA+ Functions


HSPA+ is the bridge for UMTS smoothly evolving to LTE.HSPA+ technology has the
following advantages:
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Supports PS services at a higher rate. At the 5 M frequency bandwidth, the cell


downlink peak rate reaches 84 Mbps, and uplink peak rate 11.5 Mbps.
Reduces original channel overhead when implementing VoIP services.
Implements IM and VoIP communication services with users always online.

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Introduction to MBMS Functions


ZXUR 9000 UMTS broadcast and multibroadcast functions.The multibroadcast supports
the count, point to point (PtP), point to multipoints (PtM),and mobility management
functions, and supports the streaming, background, and MBS services.

2.2 Interface Signalling Processing


Interface signalling processing involves the control-plane processing of each interface. It
implements the following functions:
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Radio access bearer allocation and release


Security mode control
Node B Logic Operation & Maintenance
Synchronization
NAS Message Distribution
System message broadcast
Paging support

Introduction to Radio Access Bearer Allocation and Release


In the process of call connection setup, the RNC is responsible for allocation of radio
channel resources and ground bearer resources according to the QoS requirements of
the radio access bearer as well as resource release when they are not used.

Introduction to Node B Logic Operation & Maintenance


This function is provided for the logic operation & maintenance of the Node B radio
network resources. It includes cell and common transmission channel configuration,
blocking and unblocking of logic resources according to equipment running, check of
configuration consistency with Node B, and so on.

Introduction to Security Mode Control


Security mode control involves radio channel ciphering and deciphering,
completeness protection.
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The objective of radio channel ciphering and deciphering is to protect user


data information transmitted over the air to avoid information acquisition by an
unauthorized third party. The ciphering and deciphering is performed on the basis
of session-related information and key as well as related ciphering algorithms.
According to the 3GPP specification, the F8 and KASUMI algorithms are adopted as
the ciphering algorithms.
The objective of completeness protection is to protect signaling transmitted over the
air, thus avoiding fraudulent attacks by a third party as a disguised UE or network
device to achieve illegal benefits. The completeness protection is performed on the
basis of session-related information and key as well as related ciphering algorithms.

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Chapter 2 Function

According to the 3GPP specification, the F9 and KASUMI algorithms are adopted as
the ciphering algorithms.

Introduction to Synchronization
Synchronization in UTRAN involves network synchronization, node synchronization, and
radio interface synchronization.

Introduction to NAS Message Distribution


RNC should be responsible for forwarding of non-access layer NAS messages between UE
and CN. During uplink forwarding, the RNC can determine the CN domain that a message
is to be forwarded to according to the CN domain ID carried in the message.

Introduction to System Message Broadcast


The system message broadcast provides the UE with the access layer and non-access
layer information needed in acquisition of the UMTS service.

Introduction to Paging Function


The objective of the paging function is to enable a UE to receive the notification of being
called in various states, thus contacting the network.

2.3 Radio Resources Management


Radio resources management (RRM) allocates and uses air interface resources, to ensure
the service quality of the system (QoS), and to obtain the planned coverage area and
improve capacity.
The radio resources management involves the radio measurement, access control, load
control, power control, handover control, dynamic radio bearer control, congestion control,
code resources management, and load balance.

Introduction to Radio Measurement Function


The objective of radio measurement is to measure the radio channel quality. The
measurement types may include the RX signal intensity of the current and adjacent cells,
bit error ratios of the current and adjacent cells, RX interference level, total downlink TX
power of each cell, transmission scope, Doppler shift, synchronization status and so on.
The measurement results are used in handover decision, access control, load control
and so on.

Introduction to Access Control Function


When new cell resources are requested (such as new services accessing to a cell,
increased rate of PS sevices borne on DCH, service status switchover between FACH
and DCH or between DCH and HSPA), access control function is to decide whether
to access new service requirements according to the current resources, to prevent the
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system from overload, and to keep the system reliable. In addition, access control is
to access services to a great extent, when services are adequate, fully utilizing system
resources and ensuring OoS of users.
New services are requested under such scenarios as RRC connection establishment,
RAB establishment, RAB modification, SRNC relocation, Iur interface handover, Intra-RNC
handover, and dynamic channel allocation. After receiving the request, RNC, according
to the service attribute and equipment capability, selects the transmission channel type.
After that, it decides whether to access corresponding channels according to the resources
utilization of the target channel of the current cell, and the resources needed by services.
When new cell services are requested, RNC balances the system resources in advance
according to cell resources utilization, to prevent inadequate resources during access, and
prevent the cell from overload after access.
The RAN equipment from ZTE Corporation implements access control according to
priorities. That is, users and services with higher priority are likely to obtain more system
resources and better QoS service.

Introduction to Load Control Function


Load control is to monitor the system load. When the system is close to overload or already
in the overload status, it is used to control the system so that it can smoothly return to the
stable status as best as possible. When the system returns to the stable status, it can also
be used to control the traffic to acquire better QoS service (such as a better rate, or higher
transmission reliability).

Introduction to Power Control Function


The power control of RMC involves the downlink/uplink open-loop power control, power
balance, and uplink/dowenlink outer-loop power control.
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Downlink open-loop power control is used to set the initial TX power of a downlink
channel according to a UEs downlink measurement report.
Power balance, when RNC achieves macro diversity balance, is to balance the
transmitting power of several downlink radio links and solve power offset.
Uplink outer loop power control is to set the quality target value of Node B uplink inner
loop power control by means of quality estimation of the transmission channel, thus
achieving the objective of controlling uplink radio channel quality within a long sector.
Uplink open-loop power control is used to set the initial TX power of a UE according
to the UEs measurement report information in cases like random access.
Downlink outer loop power control is performed by UE. It is to set the quality target
value of its downlink inner loop power control by means of quality estimation of the
transmission channel too, thus achieving the objective of controlling the downlink radio
channel quality within a long sector.RNC is responsible for setting of some parameters
used in downlink outer loop power control.

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Chapter 2 Function

Introduction to Handover Control Function


Handover control is based on radio measurement, which is used to perform mobility
management over the radio interface and ensure the core networks QoS requirement. It
involves the following types of handover control:
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Intra-RNC soft handover


The intra-RNC soft handover indicates that the Node Bs where the cells involved in
soft handover are located are under the administration of one RNC.

Intra-RNC softer handover


The intra-RNC softer handover indicates the handover among several cells under the
administration of one Node B. The cells connect with UE at the same time, which is
called macro diversity.

Inter-RNC soft handover


The Inter-RNC soft handover falls into two types: One is performed between sectors
with the same frequency under different Node Bs, the other is performed between
Node Bs under the administration of different RNCs through crossing the Iur interface.

Intra-RNC hard handover


Refers to the hard handover between Node Bs under the administration of the same
RNC.

Inter-RNC hard handover


It refers to the hard handover between Node Bs under the administration of different
RNCs.

Reverse handover
It refers to the UE-controlled handover in case the configuration fails or under
conditions such as adverse radio environment (CELL UPDATE and URA UPDATE for
instance). It also includes intra-RNC and inter-RNC handover, that is, the intra-RNC
reverse handover and inter-RNC reverse handover.

SRNS relocation
It refers to the shift of the Iu interface connection from SRNC to DRNC after all the
radio links have been shifted to DRNC.

Inter-system handover
It refers to the mobility management of UE from one radio access system to another
radio access system (from UTRAN to GERAN). It requires that UE supports WCDMA
and GSM modes. in addition, the GSM system should provide corresponding
functions to support handover between different systems.

Change of HSDPA and HSUPA serving cells


During the soft handover in the system, when the best cell changes, if the HS-PDSCH
channel exists before and after the handover, the HS-PDSCH serving cell is triggered
to change. If the HS-PDSCH channel exists before and after the hard handover, the
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HS-PDSCH serving cell will be changed. Only one of the HSDPA and HSUPA serving
cells exists.

Introduction to Dynamic Radio Bearer Control


Dynamic radio bearer control (DRBC), according to user's demand and system resources
utilization, is to reasonably allocate resources during the system operation, to fully utilize
bandwidth.
The DRBC control module dynamically adjusts the bearing channel of PS and CS services
and the real-time rate, ensuring the full utilization of radio resources of the system, and
the system reliability and the Qos of services.
The DRBC strategies involve:
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Initial channel allocation. When the channel is set up initially, proper channel and rate
configuration are allocated to services according to service demand and the system
status. It includes the channel allocation of signalling, initial services, and concurrent
services.
Channel migration. Proper transmission channel configuration is selected for the PS
services according to their actual rates. The channel type can be changed with the
rate of PS services. When the actual data traffic of users is lower than the bandwidth
allocated by the system, the bandwidth is reduced to save resources. When the
actual data traffic of users is close to their allocated bandwidth, the bandwidth is
properly improved to prevent services of users from being affected. During the
session, the dynamic radio bearer control is to adjust the service bandwidth in
real time and perform handover between channels according to the measurement
results.The conversational CS services occupy the downlink/uplink DCH channel,
the streaming services occupy the DCH-type channel, and the interactive and
background services occupy the FACH and DCH-type channels.The migration from
PCH to DCH is not supported, but the status migration among PCH, FACH, and DCH
is supported.

Introduction to Congestion Control Function


Congestion control is to reallocate radio resources when the system is congestioned, and
alleviate congestion according to the service attribute, to improve connection rate, and
make services with different priorities utilize system resources reasonably.
When the uplink/downlink loads are close to or over the access control threshold, new
services cannnot be accessed due to inadequate resources. That is, congestion occurs
to the system, which calls for RNC to implement congestion control strategies. The
service request includes RAB establishment, modification/negotiation/renegotiation
of SRNC access and relocation, cross-Iur RL setup, intra-RNC incoming handover,
inter-system handover, inter-frequency handover, inter-RNC incoming handover, RAB
two establishments of the same user, and the improvement of service rate triggered by
the dynamic radio bearer adjustment.

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Chapter 2 Function

When congestion occurs to the system, functions preempted by resources can be


triggered, to show the difference of users with different priorities and improve the call
connection rate of the system. Two main strategies are as follows:
l

Release by force: High-priority services with forcible release capability can release the
services of users with low priority. User with high priority acchieves access through
the preemption of users with low priority and whose services can be released by force,
to show the service difference among users.
Reduce the rate: The data rate of online users is reduced to improve the call
connection rate.

Introduction to Code Resources Control Function


Code resources control is to dynamically allocate downlink channelized code for a cell
according to a certain standard, to utilize code resources to a great extent, and to improve
the system capacity.
During the service setup, RNC calculates SF and allocate corresponding channelized code
according to the service rate. After the service is released, the channelized code is also
released to allocate to other users. For each cell, RNC maintains a channelized code
table, and records such statuses of each code as idle, allocated, or shielded. During code
allocation, the shielding of idle code resources blocks should be reduced initially.
When HSDPA and R99 use the same carrier, the throughput of the HSDPA services in
each cell are affected by the number of the HS-PDSCH channels, that is, the number (16)
of SFs allocated to the HS-PDSCH channel. ZTE RNC supports the number of channels
statically allocated or the number of channels dynamically allocated to HS-PDSCH. The
dynamic allocation can reflect the change of system loads more rapidly and flexibly.

Load Balancing Function


The load balancing function is used to appropriately distribute traffic in accordance with
cell load and neighbor relations between cells for effective use of system resources
and improvement of system capacity and QoS. The RNC supports both Intra-RAT
and inter-RAT load balancing. The intra-RAT load balancing may be implemented by
load-based or traffic-based inter-operations among multiple carriers.
With the frequency priority settings, the RNC supports configuring a cell to support HSDPA
or HSUPA and setting access priorities for voice traffic, data traffic, or all traffic. The RNC
selects an appropriate cell as the target cell of access or handover in accordance with
the traffic type and UE capability during RRC connection establishment, RAB assignment,
handover, cell reselection, or channel transfer.
The RNC supports the variation of settings in different cells. For example, some cells are
set to support only HSDPA services but not R99 services, meaning that only HS-DSCHs
can be used for traffic bearing while DCHs cannot be used for traffic bearing.
The RNC using the HSUPA technology supports the load balancing of HSUPA traffic
among multiple carriers in a UMTS network or between a UMTS network and a GSM
network.
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2.4 User Data Transmission


User data transmission involves signalling data transmission and user data transmission,
processing IUUP/RLC/MAC/FP. It implements the data ciphering, and flow control of
Mac-C and Mac-hs, and provides users with end-to-end data transmission function.

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Chapter 3

Structure
Table of Contents
Overview ....................................................................................................................3-1
Hardware Structure ....................................................................................................3-1
Software Structure....................................................................................................3-10

3.1 Overview
ZXUR 9000 UMTS is of modular structure that embodies service subracks and non-service
subracks. The service subracks are of ordinary structure that achieves different functions
by inserting the front boards.

3.2 Hardware Structure


ZXUR 9000 UMTS, whose cabinet is composed of the rack, service subrack, power
distribution subrack, and fan subrack, adopts the modular design that facilitates installation
and maintenance, and makes capacity expansion or adjustment flexible. Besides, the
cabinet is of good strength and rigidity, well-designed cooling, and good electromagnetic
compatibility.

3.2.1 Cabinet
The cabinet adopts a 19-inch rack conforming to the international standard, and the U
series subracks conforming to the CompactPCI standard.
The cabinet can be configured with all types of subracks. As needed, the cabinet with large
capacity is configured with a single rack and three subracks, and minimum capacity with a
service subrack. Each rack supports to configure three standard service subracks.Figure
3-1 shows the ZXUR 9000 UMTS cabinet structure.

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Figure 3-1 Cabinet Structure

1. Power Distribution Subrack


2. Ventilation Panel
3. Service Subrack

4. Ventilation Subrack
5. Front Door
6. Fan Subrack

7. Ventilation Panel
8. Side Door
9. Rear Door

Table 3-1 shows the ZXUR 9000 UMTS cabinet configuration.


Table 3-1 Cabinet Configuration

Name

Layer

Layer Height

Power distribution subrack

Layer 1

3U

Ventilation panel

Layer 2

1U

Service subrack

Layer 3, 5, 7

11 U

Ventilation subrack

Layer 4, 6

4U

Ventilation panel

Layer 8

2U

1 U 1.75 inches 44.45 mm (1 inch 25.4 mm)

Cabinet Top
Figure 3-2 shows the cabinet top structure.

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Chapter 3 Structure

Figure 3-2 Cabinet Top Structure

1. Rodent-resistent net

2. Cabinets combining plate

3. Grounding label

Cabinet Door
The ZXUR 9000 UMTS cabinet is equipped with a front door and a rear door that can be
opened and closed, and two removable side doors.
The front door and the rear door have the same structure. They both have fine ventilation
holes, which ensure good heat dissipation.
l

Figure 3-3 shows the structure of the cabinet's front door and rear door.

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Figure 3-3 Front/Rear Door Structure

1. Cabinet row number


label
2. Product nameplate

3. Handle
4. Upper fixing pin
5. Lower fixing pin

6. Fixing pin

Figure 3-4 shows the structure of the cabinet's side door.

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Chapter 3 Structure

Figure 3-4 Side Door

3.2.2 Subracks
ZXUR 9000 UMTS involves the following two types of cabinets:
l Non-service subrack
It includes the power distribution subrack and ventilation subrack.
l

Service subrack

Power Distribution Subrack


The power distribution subrack locates at the top of and supplies power for the cabinet. It,
with two 48 V DC inputs and ten groups of 48 V DC outputs (each group has two outputs)
controlled by the air switch, distributes power, protects short-circuited, and monitors power
and environment, as shown in Figure 3-5.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

Figure 3-5 Power Distribution Subrack

Ventilation Subrack
Figure 3-6 shows the ventilation subrack that is to convert the horizontal ventilation to the
front-back ventilation.
Figure 3-6 Ventilation Subrack

Service Subrack
The enhanced resource subrack is the service subrack, with 19 inches in width. It
includes the primary ERS and secondary ERS, achieving service processing, switchover,
and interface functions through the front and rear boards.
The primary and secondary ERSs are identical in structure but are differentiated from each
other by the main control board and the configuration of global resources. The service
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Chapter 3 Structure

subrack is in shielded structure that the boards can be inserted from the front and back
sides of the rack, with 14 slots respectively at the front and back sides.
The service subrack is equipped with a power unit of two -48 V power supplies, and three
fan units (two for cooling the front boards, one for cooling the rear boards).Figure 3-7
illustrates the subrack structure.
Figure 3-7 Front View and Back View of Subrack

3.2.3 Boards
The boards configured for ZXUR 9000 UMTS fall into the following three types:
l
l
l

Front board
Backplane
Rear board
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Front Board
The front board is 8 U in height conforming to the ATCA standard. Its panel is equipped
with status indicators.
Figure 3-8 illustrates the front panel structure.
Figure 3-8 Front Board View

1. Extractor
2. Front board panel

3. PCB
4. Plug

Rear Board
The rear board is 9 U in height, achieving interface and switchover functions. It works with
the front board, leading out the external signal interface (the fiber is led out from the front
panel of the front board) and the debugging interface between different service subracks
or different racks.
Figure 3-9 illustrates the rear board (excluding the ECDM board) structure.

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Chapter 3 Structure

Figure 3-9 Rear Board View

1. Extractor
2. Rear board panel

3. PCB
4. Plug

Board Types
Table 3-2 describes all types of boards on ZXUR 9000 UMTS.
Table 3-2 Board Description
Logical Unit

Functional Board No.

Functional Board Name

Operation and

UMP

Universal Management Process Board

EGBS

Enhanced GE Base Switch board

EGFS

Enhanced GE Fabric Switch board

ECDM

ETCA Chassis Data Module

EAPB

Enhanced ATM Process Board

ESDTA

Enhanced SDH Digital Trunk board ATM

maintenance unit

Access unit

version
EDTA

Enhanced Digital Trunk Board ATM


version

EDTI

Enhanced Digital Trunk board IP version

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Logical Unit

Functional Board No.

Functional Board Name

ESDTI

Enhanced SDH Digital Trunk board IP


version

EGPB

Enhanced GE Process Board

EGBS

Enhanced GE Base Switch board

EGFS

Enhanced GE Fabric Switch board

Processing unit

USPCMP/DMP/RUP

Universal Service Processing Board

Backplane

BETC/2

Backplane of ETCA Control

Switching unit

Note:
The function description of every board refer to the ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.11.20) Radio
Network Controller Hardware Description.

3.3 Software Structure


ZXUR 9000 UMTS is designed with layers, planes, and modules. Modules at a certain
plane perform specified functions, and provide corresponding data services for modules
at other planes. Figure 3-10 shows the software structure.

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Figure 3-10 Software Structure

Table 3-3 describes the software subsystem.


Table 3-3 Software Subsystem
Name

Functions

Radio network control plane

Implements the protocol of radio application control plane.

subsystem
Radio network control plane

Implements the protocol of radio application user plane.

subsystem
Radio resource management

Implements of such algorithm related functions as load control,

subsystem

channel selection, access control, channel allocation, and rate


control.

Operation and maintenance

The NMS system manages the system.

application subsystem
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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

Name

Functions

Database application

Provides configuration data for the database of other subsystems.

subsystem
Signalling application

The signalling application subsystem is a layer between the

subsystem

subsystem of the radio network control plane and the transmission


network control layer (the bottom layer). It provides bearing access
control of the bottom layer for the subsystem of the radio network
control plane.

Operating support subsystem

Control loads related to the system.

Transmission application

Allocates data.

subsystem
Trace log subsystem

Provides assistance measures of commissioning and test.

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Chapter 4

External Physical
Interfaces
Table of Contents
External Interfaces .....................................................................................................4-1
Power Interfaces ........................................................................................................4-2
Ground Interface ........................................................................................................4-3
BITS Benchmark Clock Interface................................................................................4-4
GPS Clock Interface...................................................................................................4-4
GPS Antenna Interface...............................................................................................4-5
NMS Interface ............................................................................................................4-6
Service Interfaces ......................................................................................................4-7
Environment Monitoring Transit Interface ...................................................................4-8
Door Access Control Interface....................................................................................4-9

4.1 External Interfaces


Figure 4-1 shows the external interfaces.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

Figure 4-1 External Interfaces

1. Power interfaces
2. Ground interface (upward
cabling)
3. BITS benchmark clock
interface (optional)
4. GPS clock interface
(optional)

5. GPS antenna interface


(optional)
6. NMS interface
7. Service interfaces (E1/T1,
STM-1, FE, GE)
8. Environment monitoring
transit interface

9. Door access control


interface

4.2 Power Interfaces


The three-channel -48 V and three-channel -48 V RTN power is led in from the AC power
distribution cabinet through the cabinet top, see Figure 4-2.

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Chapter 4 External Physical Interfaces

Figure 4-2 Power Interfaces

4.3 Ground Interface


For upward cabling, the 35YGP/2 ground cable is connected to the ground nut on the outer
side of the cabinet top, led to the cabling trough, and connected to the PE ground copper
bar of the DC power distribution cabinet, see Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-3 Ground Interface

For downward cabling, end A of the 35YGP/2 ground cable is connected to the ground nut
on the inner side of the cabinet bottom, led out of the cabinet bottom, and connected to
the PE ground copper bar of the DC power distribution cabinet.

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4.4 BITS Benchmark Clock Interface


When the benchmark clock source is from the 2 MBps or 2 MHz clock reference from BITS,
the BITS benchmark clock cable is used.
The BITS benchmark clock interface is the REF1l or REF2l interface of the EGFS board.
It uses an RF coaxial connector, see Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4 BITS Benchmark Clock Interface

4.5 GPS Clock Interface


The GPS clock interface is the HOST-232/GPS interface of the EGFS board. It uses an
RJ45 connector, see Figure 4-5.

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Figure 4-5 GPS Clock Interface

4.6 GPS Antenna Interface


The GPS antenna interface is the GPS interface of the EGFS board. It uses an SMA
connector, see Figure 4-6.

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Figure 4-6 GPS Antenna Interface

4.7 NMS Interface


The NMS interface of the ETH-MP1 or ETH-MP2 interface of the EGBS board. It uses an
8P8C straight cable crimping connector, see Figure 4-7.

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Chapter 4 External Physical Interfaces

Figure 4-7 NMS Interface

4.8 Service Interfaces


The ZXUR 9000 UMTS provides the following service interfaces:
l
l
l
l

E1/T1 (balanced and unbalanced)


STM-1 (channelized, non-channelized)
FE (electrical interface)
GE (optical interface and electrical interface)

For service interfaces of ZXUR 9000 UMTS, refer to Table 4-1.

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Table 4-1 Service Interfaces


Interface

E1

Transmission Rate

Cable Impedance

(Mbps)

()

2.0

75/120

Cable Type

Example

75 E1 cable /
120 E1 cable

T1

1.5

100

100 T1 cable

STM-1

155

Single-mode
optical fiber

FE/GE

100/1000

100

Super CAT5

(electrical

shielded

interface)

network cable

GE (optical

1000

Single-mode

interface)

optical fiber

4.9 Environment Monitoring Transit


Interface
The environment monitoring transit interface is the SENSOR interface of the power
distribution subrack. It is used to transit infrared, temperature, humidity, and smoke
monitoring information. It uses a DB15 connector, see Figure 4-8.

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Figure 4-8 Environment Monitoring Transit Interface

4.10 Door Access Control Interface


The door access control interface is the DOOR interface of the power distribution subrack.
It provides the monitoring information is at most six groups of equipment room doors. It
uses a DB15 interface, see Figure 4-9.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

Figure 4-9 Door Access Control Interface

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Chapter 5

Principle
Table of Contents
System Logical Structure............................................................................................5-1
System Signal Flow....................................................................................................5-2

5.1 System Logical Structure


Figure 5-1 shows the system logical structure.
Figure 5-1 System Logical Structure

Operation and maintenance unit (ROMU)


Controls the global office, operates and maintains the system, separates the inner
network segment from the outer network segment, and provides functions related to
global clock.

Access unit (RAU)


Provides such external interfaces as Iu, Iub, Abis, and Iur, including E1/T1, STM-1,
CSTM-1 and IP access.

Processing unit (RPU)


Implements the protocols of radio control plane and radio user plane, and processes
some data bearing protocols which have nothing to do with ATM, including Iu, Iur, and
IP signalling protocols, No.7 signalling protocol, and the protocol of the data link layer.
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Switching unit (RSU)


Provides, through implementing the Ethernet protocol and IP protocol, a large capacity
and non-blocking switching unit for the control and management of the system, service
processing, inter-boards communication, and service flow connection among several
access units.

Peripheral monitor unit (RPMU)


The peripheral monitor unit belongs to the operation and maintenance unit. It
collects some peripheral and environment board information within the cabinet,
including the power distributor, fan status, as well as some environment alarms like
temperature/humidity, smog, water and infrared alarms. It reports alarms at different
levels according to fault grades to call for troubleshoot in a timely manner.

5.2 System Signal Flow


5.2.1 Overview
The signal flow of ZXUR 9000 UMTS include the signal flow at the user plane and control
plane, signalling signal flow over the Um/Uu interface, and the operation and maintenance
signal flow.
l
l
l

The signal flow at the control plane refers to the procedure for processing the control
signalling (calling and connection control signalling) messages at each interface.
The signal flow at the user plane refers to the procedure for processing the user data
(voice data and packet data) messages at each interface.
The signal flow at the Um/Uu interface refers to the procedure for processing the
control signalling (calling and connection control signalling) messages at the air
interface.
The operation and maintenance signal flow refers to the message processing
procedure between the system and the operation and maintenance terminal, and the
operation and maintenance module.

5.2.2 Signal Flow of User Plane


The user plane signal flow refers to the signal flow from Iub and Iu-CS/Iu-PS interfaces.
Figure 5-2 takes uplink data transmission as an example. Downlink data transmission is
the reverse of the uplink data transmission.

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Figure 5-2 Data Signal Flow of User Plane

1. The data at the user plane is input through and adapted in the interface board.
2. The EGFS switching unit transmits the data (adapted by the interface board) to the
USP (userplane) board (used for processing the data at the user plane). If the corresponding outgoing and incoming interface boards are in the same subrack, the EGFS
will transmit the data to the USP (user plane) board in the subrack for processing.
3. The USP (user plane) board processes the FP/MAC/RLC/IuUP protocols of the data
in the CS domain. After that, the data is transmitted from EGFS to the interface board
for adaptation, and then transmitted to the Iu-CS interface.
4. The USP (user plane) board processes the FP/MAC/RLC/IuUP/GTP-U protocols of the
data in the PS domain. After that, the data is transmitted from EGFS to the interface
board for adaptation, and then transmitted to the Iu-PS interface.

5.2.3 Signal Flow of Control Plane


The control plane signal flow mainly refers to the signal flow from Iub, Iur, Iu-CS/Iu-PS
interfaces. Figure 5-3 takes uplink data transmission as an example. Downlink data
transmission is the reverse of the uplink data transmission.
Figure 5-3 Signal Flow of Control Plane

1. The user-plane data of the control plane is input through and adapted in the interface
board.
2. The EGBS switching unit transmits the data (adapted by the interface board) to the
USP (control plane) board (used for processing the data at the user plane).
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3. The USP (control plane) board processes the protocols of the signalling data in the
CS domain. After that, the data is transmitted from EGBS to the interface board for
adaptation, and then transmitted to the Iu-CS interface.
4. The USP (control plane) board processes the protocols of the signalling data in the
PS domain. After that, the data is transmitted from EGBS to the interface board for
adaptation, and then transmitted to the Iu-PS interface.

5.2.4 Signalling Signal Flow of Control Plane at Uu


interface
Figure 5-4 takes the uplink data transmission as an example. Downlink data transmission
is the reverse of the uplink data transmission.
Figure 5-4 Signalling Signal Flow of Control Plane at Uu interface

1. The signalling data at the Uu interface of Node B is borne on the data stream of the
user plane. After that, the data is input through the interface board, and is adapted in
the interface board.
2. The EGFS switching unit transmits the data (adapted by the interface board) to the
USP (user plane) board (used for processing the data at the user plane). If the
corresponding outgoing and incoming interface boards are in the same subrack,
the EGFS will transmit the data to the USP (user plane) board in the subrack for
processing.
3. The USP (user plane) board processes the protocols of the signalling data at the Uu
interface. After that, the processed data is transmitted from the EGBS switching unit
to the USP (control plane) board for processing.

5.2.5 Operation and Maintenance Signal Flow


The operation and maintenance signal flow refers to the signal flow between the OMM and
the Node B.
Figure 5-5 takes the uplink data transmission as an example. Downlink data transmission
is the reverse of the uplink data transmission.

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Figure 5-5 Operation and Maintenance Signal Flow

1. The operation and maintenance data from Node B is borne on the data stream of the
user plane. After that, the data is input through the interface board, and is adapted in
the interface board.
2. The EGFS switching unit transmits the data (adapted by the interface board) to the
USP (user plane) board (used for processing the data at the user plane). If the corresponding outgoing and incoming interface boards are in the same subrack, the EGFS
will transmit the data to the USP (user plane) board in the subrack for processing.
3. The USP (user plane) board processes the protocols of the operation and maintenance
data of Node B. After that, the processed data is transmitted from the EGBS switching
unit to the UMP (OMM) board for processing.

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Chapter 6

Configuration
Table of Contents
Shelf Configuration Principles.....................................................................................6-1
Board Configuration Principles ...................................................................................6-2
Minimum Configuration...............................................................................................6-2
Typical Configurations ................................................................................................6-4
Maximum Configuration..............................................................................................6-5

6.1 Shelf Configuration Principles


In the ZXUR 9000 UMTS system, The shelf types (master shelf and subordinate shelf)
are subject to the configuration of the main control board.Figure 6-1 shows the typical
configuration for shelf.
Figure 6-1 Typical Configuration for Shelf

Table 6-1 illustrates the configuration difference between the master and subordinate
boards.
Table 6-1 Difference Between Master and Subordinate Boards
Shelf Type

Quantity

Boards

Master shelf

At most one master shelf can be

All types of boards can be configured.

configured.
Subordinate shelf

At most two subordinate shelves

Except OMM and OMP, all types of boards

can be configured.

can be configured.

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6.2 Board Configuration Principles


Table 6-2 describes the ZXUR 9000 UMTS board configuration principles.
Table 6-2 Board Configuration Principles
Board

Configuration Principle

EAPB

Optional, 1+1 backup mode, configured in the 15 to 18, 23 to 28 slots.

ESDTA

Optional, 1+1 backup mode, configured in the 15 to 18, 23 to 28 slots.

EDTA

Optional, 1+1 backup mode, configured in the 15 to 18, 23 to 28 slots.

EGPB

Optional, 1+1 backup mode or load sharing backup mode, configured in the
15 to 18, 23 to 28 slots.

ESDTI

Optional, 1+1 backup mode, configured in the 15 to 18, 23 to 28 slots.

EDTI

Optional, 1+1 backup mode, configured in the 15 to 18, 23 to 28 slots.

EGBS

Mandatory, load sharing backup mode, configured in the 19 and 20 slots.

EGFS

Mandatory, load sharing backup mode, configured in the 21 and 22 slots.

UMP

Mandatory, 1+1 backup mode, configured in the 5 and 6 slots on the main
shelf when being used as OMM.

UMP1b

Mandatory, 1+1 backup mode, and configured in the 7 and 8 slots on the
main shelf when being used as OMP.

USP

Mandatory, When the USP board is used as CMP, 1 to 4 USP boards can be
configured in 1+1 backup mode in the 1 to 14 slots. When the USP board
used as DMP, 1 to 8 USP boards can be configured in 1+1 backup mode in
the 1 to 14 slots. When the USP board is used as RUP, 1 to 26 boards can be
configured in load sharing backup mode in the 1 to 14 slots.

6.3 Minimum Configuration


Board Configurations
Figure 6-2 shows the minimum configuration supported by the ZXUR 9000 UMTS.

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Chapter 6 Configuration

Figure 6-2 Minimum Board Configuration

Cable Configurations
Interior cables include:
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Interior power cable


Interior grounding cable
Line reference clock cable
PD485 monitoring cable

Exterior cables include:


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Exterior power cable


Exterior grounding cable
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l
l
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BITS reference clock cable


EGPB Ethernet cable (optical or electrical)
OMC Ethernet cable
Environment monitoring cable

6.4 Typical Configurations


Board Configurations
Figure 6-3 illustrates the recommended typical configuration for ZXUR 9000 UMTS boards.
Figure 6-3 Typical Board Configuration

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Cable Configurations
Interior cables include:
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Interior power cable


Interior grounding cable
Line reference clock cable
Media-plane interconnection optic fiber
Control-plane interconnection Ethernet cable
Inter-shelf clock cable
PD485 monitoring cable

Exterior cables include:


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Exterior power cable


Exterior grounding cable
BITS reference clock cable
EGPB Ethernet cable (optical or electrical)
ESDTA optical fiber
OMC Ethernet cable
Environment monitoring cable

6.5 Maximum Configuration


Board Configurations
Figure 6-4 illustrates the maximum board configuration supported by the ZXUR 9000
UMTS system.

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Figure 6-4 Maximum Board Configuration

Cable Configurations
Interior cables include:
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Interior power cable


Interior grounding cable
Line reference clock cable
Media-plane interconnection optic fiber
Control-plane interconnection network cable
Inter-shelf clock cable
PD485 monitoring cable

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Exterior cables include:


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Exterior power cable


Exterior grounding cable
BITS reference clock cable
EGPB Ethernet cable (optical or electrical)
OMC Ethernet cable
Environment monitoring cable

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Chapter 7

Networking
Table of Contents
Overview ....................................................................................................................7-1
Networking With Base Station ....................................................................................7-1
Networking With Core Network...................................................................................7-4
Networking With Radio Network Controller .................................................................7-4

7.1 Overview
The ZXUR 9000 UMTS has good compatibility with the existing 2 G/3 G base station
equipment from operators, and supports to connect to 2 G/3 G base stations and 2 G/3
G core networks through several transmission modes. Reasonable networking assists in
the long-term network planning and the reduction of networking costs.

7.2 Networking With Base Station


The networking between ZXUR 9000 UMTS and the base station supports the ATM
transmission, SDH transmission, IP transmission, or the hybrid transmission.
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The ATM STM-1 interface at the base station is available to the operator's ATM
network for accessing to ZXUR 9000 UMTS.
In the SDH transmission network, the base station can be connected to ZXUR 9000
UMTS over the narrowband E1/T1, and CSTM-1 interfaces.
ZXUR 9000 UMTS can be interconnected and interchanged with the IP backbone
network. Selecting appropriate access mode and differentiating different VLANs
can effectively separate broadcast storms from Ethernet. Meanwhile, setting a
broadband network access server (BNAS) in the network is capable of implementing
authentication and security control.
The hybrid networking, which is applicable to ZXUR 9000 UMTS and the base station,
falls into IP network and conventional SDH transmission network based on sites, or the
SDH network and IP backbone network based on CS and PS services respectively.

According to the network topology, star networking, chain networking, ring networking
(requires supported transmission network), and hybrid networking are applicable to ZXUR
9000 UMTS and the base station.
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In start networking, ZXUR 9000 UMTS is directly connected with each base station
which is a kind of end equipment. This networking mode is very simple and the
maintenance and engineering are very convenient too. Because signal passes

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

through fewer intermediate links along the transmission path, the link reliability is
much higher. Star networking is usually applied in dense-populated urban areas.
Chain networking is usually applied in strip-shaped, sparse-populated areas, and a
large amount of transmission equipment can be saved. The chain networking mode
is also applicable to one site with multiple base stations. Since signals go through
more links, the line reliability is relatively poor.
In actual engineering networking, since the sites are generally sparse, the difference
with the basic networking mode is that transmission equipment is generally needed
between ZXUR 9000 UMTS and base stations to serve the purpose of intermediate
connection. The common transmission media include: microwave, optical cable,
HDSL cable, and coaxial cable.

The ring networking mode involves two sets of links running in the active/standby
mode. Every node on the ring has two upper-level nodes, which increases the link
reliability. In this case, when a site is damaged or a link fails, the lower-level nodes
can select another link as the active link.

Note:
The ring networking between ZXUR 9000 UMTS and base stations is dependent upon
transmission equipment.

Hybrid networking is easily adaptable to the current transmission mode of the


operator. In early establishment of the network, hybrid networking makes the most of
the established transmission network, thus saving the network cost and speeding the
network establishment for the operator to grasp business opportunity. With scattered
base stations, hybrid networking supports multiple topologies, thus making network
establishment flexible and simple.

7.2.1 Networking With 2G/3G Base Stations


ZXUR 9000 UMTS supports to connect with 2G and 3G base station equipment
simultaneously. It connects with the 2G and 3G base station equipment through the
Abis interface and the Iub interface respectively. The transmission media are applicable
to such transmission network resources as E1, T1, SDH, and IP.Figure 7-1 shows the
networking involving ZXUR 9000 UMTS, and 2G/3G base stations.

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Chapter 7 Networking

Figure 7-1 Networking With 2G/3G Base Stations

7.2.2 Networking With Multi-Mode Base Station


ZXUR 9000 UMTS supports to connect with multi-mode base stations whose configuration
type decides the interface type. The transmission media are applicable to such
transmission network resources as E1, T1, SDH, and IP.Figure 7-2 shows the networking
involving ZXUR 9000 UMTS and multi-mode base stations.
Figure 7-2 Networking With Multi-Mode Base Station

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

7.3 Networking With Core Network


When networking with CN, the ZXUR 9000 UMTS connects with MSC and MGW
through the Iu-CS interfaces, and connects with SGSN through the Iu-PS interfaces.
The transmission protocols involve the ATM and IP protocols. The transmission media
are applicable to the E1, T1, SDH, and IP transmission network resources.Figure 7-3
illustrates the networking with CN.
Figure 7-3 Networking With Core Network

7.4 Networking With Radio Network


Controller
When networking with RNC, the ZXUR 9000 UMTS connects with RNC through the Iur
interface. The transmission media are applicable to such transmission network resources
as E1, T1, SDH, and IP.Figure 7-4 illustrates the networking with RNC.

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Chapter 7 Networking

Figure 7-4 Networking With Radio Network Controller

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Chapter 8

Operation and
Maintenance
Table of Contents
Overview ....................................................................................................................8-1
Operation and Maintenance Networking.....................................................................8-2

8.1 Overview
ZXUR 9000 UMTS provides several convenient operation and maintenance modes.
As required, you can select the GUI graphic interface or the MML command line to perform
management and maintenance on NEs.Figure 8-1 shows the operation and maintenance
networking of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.
Figure 8-1 Operation and Maintenance Networking

The operation and maintenance system of ZXUR 9000 UMTS adopts the server/client
architecture with simple networking, easy operation and maintenance.

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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

8.2 Operation and Maintenance Networking


The operation and maintenance system of ZXUR 9000 UMTS includes the OMP
main control module, the OMM operation and maintenance module, the CMM shelf
management module, and the EMS centralized operation and maintenance system and
NetNumen U31.
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The NetNumen U31, the centralized operation and maintenance software, either can
be installed locally or remotely. Wherever you can log in the system through the
NetNumen U31 client to perform remote management on several ZXUR 9000 UMTS.
You can set the NE agent at NetNumen U31 to remotely log in the OMM that can be
configured with one or two boards in active/standby mode. The system adopts the
server/client architecture. The operating system of the server is the Linux desktop
system that supports to connect to such external input/output equipment as keyboard
and mouse.
The OMP module controls the overall procedure, and related operation and
maintenance of the whole system. It connects with the OMM module within ZXUR
9000 UMTS. It, as the operation and maintenance center of ZXUR 9000 UMTS,
monitors and manages the configuration of boards and others components in the
system.
The CMM module in the EGFS board powers up the boards and loads board versions
in the service subrack, and monitors the power supply, temperature, and fans for the
subrack.

Figure 8-2 shows the operation and maintenance networking of ZXUR 9000 UMTS.
Figure 8-2 Operation and Maintenance Networking

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Chapter 9

Reliability
Table of Contents
Hardware Reliability Design........................................................................................9-1
Clock Synchronization Reference...............................................................................9-2
EMC Design ...............................................................................................................9-2
Grounding and Security Design ..................................................................................9-3
Software Reliability Design .........................................................................................9-3
Heat Dissipation Design .............................................................................................9-4

9.1 Hardware Reliability Design


The rack and service subracks all adopt dual power supplies, so that at least
double-channel cables are used inside the rack. The control plane boards adopt the
active/standby working mode, while the user plane boards adopt the load sharing working
mode. The interface boards adopt either the active/standby or the load sharing working
mode. Therefore, the faults of any individual hardware do not affect the normal operation
of the system.

Board Backup Modes


To ensure reliability, the key boards of the ZXUR 9000 UMTS system provide the 1+1
backup and load sharing modes.
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1+1 backup
The two boards working in the active/standby mode operate at the same time and
process the same service. The board in standby mode does not output service
information.
When the board in active mode becomes faulty, the system immediately performs
active/standby switchover, which does not affect the system functions.

Load sharing
The boards working in the load sharing mode backups the service data. That is, when
services are running, related service data is allocated to the load sharing boards. If
one of the boards is faulty, the system negotiates to rapidly allocate the service data
to other load sharing boards, to ensure the normal running of services.

Backup Modes Supported by Boards


Table 9-1 describes the backup modes supported by ZXUR 9000 UMTS boards.
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Table 9-1 Board Backup Modes


Functional Boards

Supported Backup Mode

Remarks

UMP

1+1

USP

1+1/load sharing

EAPB

1+1

EDTA

1+1

software multipath protection

ESDTA

1+1

EGPB

1+1 backup mode or load sharing


mode

EDTI

1+1

ESDTI

1+1

EGBS

Load sharing

EGFS

Load sharing

ECDM

1+1

BETC/2

No backup

When fault occurs, fault restoration work is


provided immediately.
When fault occurs, fault restoration work is
provided immediately.

9.2 Clock Synchronization Reference


The system has several clock source outputs.Under self-synchronization mode, the
local oscillator clock signal is applied. Under master/subordinate synchronization mode,
the clock source can be the external synchronous BTS clock, GPS clock, or the line
synchronous clock extracted from any of the optical interface boards or trunk interface
boards. The clock selects one phase-locked circuit from any of the appropriate clock
source and locks its phase. After that, synchronous clock needed by the system is
generated, drived by the clock, and allocated to the resource shelves in the system and
subsystems.
The clock input source of the clock module involves BITS, local oscillator, line extractor,
and GPS.

9.3 EMC Design


EMC design focuses on the rack, and the shielding and grounding of subracks. Subracks
are designed with shielding levels. The cabinet is in a complete architecture form even it
is not installed with shielding materials.
According to subracks' requirement of EMC electromagnetic shielding, the subrack surface
is made plating treatment, to make the subrack conductive. The rack is designed with
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Chapter 9 Reliability

grounding terminal that should be of reliable grounding and identification. The antistatic
grounding device, which is used for the subrack connecting with rack, is available to the
subrack.

9.4 Grounding and Security Design


Grounding of electronic equipment is for security and preventing interference. ZXUR 9000
UMTS has built-in protective grounding cable, system grounding cable, and shielded
grounding cable. The following requirements are met in design:
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Door-rack is of good electrostatic discharge means with grounding cable connecting


doors (front, rear, left, and right) and the rack.The rack has grounding busbar with
obvious identification.
Subrack-rack has good electrostatic discharge means. The rack is galvanized
colorfully. The pole holes for installing subracks and the contacting part between the
pole and the rack are secured with conductivity. The inside of subrack panel is also
secured with conductivity. Therefore, subracks have good electrostatic discharge
means between poles and the rack. The side beam of subrack is nickel plated, to
ensure good conductivity between the side beam and rack.
The protective grounding of subracks is implemented through the connection of
subrack side beam and rack, while the working ground and -48 V ground of subracks
are connected to the rack busbar through cables, to connect with the ground busbar
of the equipment room.
The air filter which is added to the air intake at the rack bottom: it uses ABS plastic
as the frame, with nylon net inside. The air filter is flexible. The door air filter: it uses
metal as the frame, with polyurethane second foaming plastic inside. Both types of air
filters can be reused after cleaning, and are easy for installation and disassembling.
The cabinet is designed with unexposed and touchable sharp edge, to prevent
damages to operation and maintenance personnel. Operation instruction is pasted
on the cabinet door, to regulate installation and maintenance, and ensure security. In
addition, warning signs are available to corresponding operation and maintenance
positions.

9.5 Software Reliability Design


The system software adopts reliable design. All the system, except the external operation
and maintenance interfaces, has an internal communication network completely separated
from the outer network. Besides, the system is equipped with a built-in firewall to protect
the external O & M interfaces against attacks. At the same time, the O & M subsystem
supports high-security authentication design, which enables the authorization of different
levels of operations to users.
The product has powerful fault tolerance, which can be illustrated by the following aspects:
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Automatic testing for user-defined configurations. Illegal or improper configuration will


be rejected, and the user will be prompted to make proper settings.
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Supports the backup of the key version or major data as the basis for rollback in the
case of failed loading of a version or relevant data.
The Watchdog function can restart a board to resume operation when an error occurs
during the software operation. Meanwhile, the black box records the runtime errors
for further analysis.
During the backup of hardware, the software can automatically test the faults occurring
at ports, links, and other faults. If any fault is tested, the software automatically start
or activate the standby unit to ensure proper system operation.

9.6 Heat Dissipation Design


The upper and lower air duct for heat dissipation is formed with the combination of the rack
with other subracks, including the fan subrack, ventilation subrack, wind trap subrack,
and ventilation panel. The fan-drived ventilation can meet the ventilation and cooling
requirement inside the subracks. The air inlet can be installed with the dustproof screen.
The air duct for heat dissipation of ZXUR 9000 UMTS is shown in Figure 9-1.
Figure 9-1 Ventilation Subrack Air Flow

The figure above illustrates the air outlet at the top of the cabinet. The air enters the cabinet
from under the service subrack horizontally, and turns vertical after flowing through the
ventilation subrack, bringing heats from inside the cabinet to the outlet above the service
subrack. This is an efficient way of heat dissipation.
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Figures
Figure 1-1 Appearance ............................................................................................. 1-2
Figure 1-2 Location of ZXUR 9000 UMTS in Network ............................................... 1-3
Figure 3-1 Cabinet Structure..................................................................................... 3-2
Figure 3-2 Cabinet Top Structure .............................................................................. 3-3
Figure 3-3 Front/Rear Door Structure........................................................................ 3-4
Figure 3-4 Side Door ................................................................................................ 3-5
Figure 3-5 Power Distribution Subrack...................................................................... 3-6
Figure 3-6 Ventilation Subrack .................................................................................. 3-6
Figure 3-7 Front View and Back View of Subrack...................................................... 3-7
Figure 3-8 Front Board View ..................................................................................... 3-8
Figure 3-9 Rear Board View...................................................................................... 3-9
Figure 3-10 Software Structure ............................................................................... 3-11
Figure 4-1 External Interfaces ................................................................................... 4-2
Figure 4-2 Power Interfaces...................................................................................... 4-3
Figure 4-3 Ground Interface...................................................................................... 4-3
Figure 4-4 BITS Benchmark Clock Interface ............................................................. 4-4
Figure 4-5 GPS Clock Interface ................................................................................ 4-5
Figure 4-6 GPS Antenna Interface ............................................................................ 4-6
Figure 4-7 NMS Interface.......................................................................................... 4-7
Figure 4-8 Environment Monitoring Transit Interface ................................................. 4-9
Figure 4-9 Door Access Control Interface ............................................................... 4-10
Figure 5-1 System Logical Structure ......................................................................... 5-1
Figure 5-2 Data Signal Flow of User Plane ............................................................... 5-3
Figure 5-3 Signal Flow of Control Plane .................................................................... 5-3
Figure 5-4 Signalling Signal Flow of Control Plane at Uu interface ............................ 5-4
Figure 5-5 Operation and Maintenance Signal Flow.................................................. 5-5
Figure 6-1 Typical Configuration for Shelf ................................................................. 6-1
Figure 6-2 Minimum Board Configuration.................................................................. 6-3
Figure 6-3 Typical Board Configuration ..................................................................... 6-4
Figure 6-4 Maximum Board Configuration................................................................. 6-6
Figure 7-1 Networking With 2G/3G Base Stations..................................................... 7-3
Figure 7-2 Networking With Multi-Mode Base Station ............................................... 7-3
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Figure 7-3 Networking With Core Network ................................................................ 7-4


Figure 7-4 Networking With Radio Network Controller............................................... 7-5
Figure 8-1 Operation and Maintenance Networking .................................................. 8-1
Figure 8-2 Operation and Maintenance Networking .................................................. 8-2
Figure 9-1 Ventilation Subrack Air Flow .................................................................... 9-4

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Tables
Table 1-1 External System and Interfaces ................................................................. 1-3
Table 3-1 Cabinet Configuration................................................................................ 3-2
Table 3-2 Board Description...................................................................................... 3-9
Table 3-3 Software Subsystem................................................................................ 3-11
Table 4-1 Service Interfaces...................................................................................... 4-8
Table 6-1 Difference Between Master and Subordinate Boards................................. 6-1
Table 6-2 Board Configuration Principles .................................................................. 6-2
Table 9-1 Board Backup Modes ................................................................................ 9-2

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Tables

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Glossary
3GPP
- 3rd Generation Partnership Project
AGPS
- Assisted Global Positioning System
ATCA
- Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture
ATM
- Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BETC
- Backplane of ETCA Control
BITS
- Building Integrated Timing Supply
BNAS
- Broadband Network Access Server
BSC
- Base Station Controller
BSS
- Base Station System
BTS
- Base Transceiver Station
CMM
- Chassis Management Module
CMP
- Common signaling MP
CN
- Core Network
CS
- Circuit Switched
CellID
- Cell Identification
DCH
- Dedicated Channel
DMP
- Dedicated signaling MP
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DRNC
- Drift Radio Network Controller
EAPB
- Enhanced ATM Process Board
ECDM
- ETCA Chassis Data Module
EDTA
- Enhanced Digital Trunk Board ATM version
EDTI
- Enhanced Digital Trunk board IP version
EGBS
- Enhanced GE BASE Switch Board
EGFS
- Enhanced GE FABRIC Switch Board
EGPB
- Enhanced GE Process Board
ESDTA
- Enhanced SDH Digital Trunk board ATM version
ESDTI
- Enhanced SDH Digital Trunk board IP version
ETCA
- Enhanced ATCA
FACH
- Forward Access Channel
FE
- Fast Ethernet
FP
- Frame Protocol
GE
- Gigabit Ethernet
GERAN
- GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network
GPS
- Global Positioning System
GSM
- Global System for Mobile Communications
GUI
- Graphical User Interface
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Glossary

HDSL
- High-data-rate Digital Subscriber Line
HS-PDSCH
- High-Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel
HSDPA
- High Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSPA
- High Speed Packet Access
HSUPA
- High Speed Uplink Packet Access
IM
- Instant Message
IP
- Internet Protocol
IUUP
- Iu User Plane
LTE
- Long Term Evolution
MAC
- Media Access Control
MBMS
- Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service
MGW
- Media Gateway
MML
- Man Machine Language
MSC
- Mobile Switching Center
NAS
- Non-Access Stratum
Node B
- Node B
OMC
- Operation & Maintenance Center
PCH
- Paging Channel
PS
- Packet Switched
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ZXUR 9000 UMTS(V4.12.10) Product Description

RAB
- Radio Access Bearer
RAU
- RNC Access Unit
RLC
- Radio Link Control
RNC
- Radio Network Controller
RNS
- Radio Network Subsystem
ROMU
- RNC Operating & Maintenance Unit
RPMU
- RNC Peripheral Monitor Unit
RPU
- Router Process Unit
RRM
- Radio Resource Management
RSU
- RNC Switch Unit
RTT
- Radio Transfer Technic
RUP
- Rnc User plane Processor
SDH
- Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SF
- Spreading Factor
SGSN
- Serving GPRS Support Node
SRNC
- Serving Radio Network Controller
SRNS
- Serving RNS
STM
- Synchronous Transfer Mode
UE
- User Equipment
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Glossary

UMP
- Universal Management Process Board
UMTS
USP
- Universal Service Process Board
VoIP
- Voice over Internet Protocol

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