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Paavo Heininen

Heininen has been highly inuential in educating the next

generation of Finnish composers and his pupils have included Magnus Lindberg, Kaija Saariaho, Jukka Tiensuu,
Jouni Kaipainen and Veli-Matti Puumala.
In addition to composing original works, Heininen has
reconstructed several pieces that his composition teacher
Aarre Merikanto mutilated or destroyed, including the
latters Symphonic Study (1928) and String Sextet (1932)
and written the violin concerto Tuuminki (A Notion) as a
re-imagining of Merikantos completely destroyed third
violin concerto. Alongside composition, Heininen has
been active as a pianist, premiering and recording several of his own works. He is also known as an essayist
and has written a large number of composer portraits.

1 Selected works
Symphony no. 1 (1958/60)
Symphony no. 2 "Petite symphonie joyeuse" (1962)
Adagio...concerto per orchestra in forma di variazioni... (1963/66)
Piano Concerto no. 1 (1964)
Discantus I for alto ute (1965)

Paavo Heininen in the 1960s.

Piano Concerto no. 2 (1966)

Paavo Johannes Heininen (born 13 January 1938 in

Jrvenp) is a Finnish composer and pianist. He studied
at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki, where he was taught
composition by Aarre Merikanto, Einojuhani Rautavaara,
Einar Englund, and Joonas Kokkonen. He continued his
studies in Cologne with Bernd Alois Zimmermann; at the
Juilliard School of Music in New York with Vincent Persichetti and Eduard Steuermann; and privately in Poland
with Witold Lutosawski. He has also studied musicology
at the University of Helsinki.

Symphony no. 3 (1969/77)

Symphony no. 4 (1971)
Poesia squillante ed incandescente for piano (1974)
Maiandros for piano and tape (1977)
Dia for orchestra (1979)
Piano Concerto no. 3 (1981)

Heininen is one of the most important Finnish modernist

composers. His works can be roughly divided into two
periods: dodecaphonic (c. 19571975) and serialist
(from 1976 onwards). Due to the hostile reactions to his
early works, particularly the First Symphony, his works
up to the 1980s can be roughly divided in two groups:
more personal and complex pieces and more approachable, audience-friendly pieces such as the Second Symphony, Petite symphonie joyeuse.[1]

Silkkirumpu (English: The Damask Drum), opera,

libretto by the composer and Eeva-Liisa Manner
(Finnish) and Andrew Bentley (English) (198183)
Saxophone Concerto (1983)
The Knife, opera, libretto by the composer and Veijo
Meri (198588)
Cello Concerto (1985)

As professor of composition at the Sibelius Academy,


A Notion ("...of what might have been Aarre
Merikantos 3rd Violin Concerto") (1993)
Violin Concerto (1993)
Peripeties for chamber choir (1994)
Symphony no. 5 (200102)
Piano Concerto no. 4 (2001/05)
Flute Concerto Autrefois (2008/10)
Symphony no. 6 (2015)


[1] Jouni Kaipainen (1986). Translated by William Moore.

Paavo Heininen - Composer, Cosmopolitan, Controversialist. Finnish Music Quarterly. 2 (2): . Retrieved 201504-08.

Further reading
Anderson, Martin. 2002. Heininen, Paavo (Johannes)". The Oxford Companion to Music, edited
by Alison Latham. Oxford and New York: Oxford
University Press. ISBN 0-19-866212-2.
Oramo, Ilkka. 2001. Heininen, Paavo (Johannes)".
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians,
second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John
Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
Parsons, Jeremy. 1978. Paavo Heininen. The Musical Times, Vol. 119, No. 1628 (Oct., 1978), pp.

External links
Fennica Gehrmans Heininen page (publisher).
Music Finland: composer prole.


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Contributors: Suomen sveltji III, p. II:529. (Helsinki 1965.) Original artist: Anonymous


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