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FINAL ASSIGNMENT 2016 - 2

UPC -OHS
MANAGEMENT FOR
CONSTRUCTION

FINAL ASSIGNMENT
2016 - 2

FINAL ASSIGMENT
Occupational Health and Safety Plan for the Gran la Mar Building- Pueblo LibreLima-Per

ASSIGMENT
Occupational Health and Safety Management
For Construction
SECTION
CIA1
PROFESSOR:
Castro Ochoa, Ramiro
STUDENTS
Manotupa Dueas, Luis
Marmolejo Salazar, Cristian
Morales, Robert
Maihuire, Jorge
LIMA-PER

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INDEX
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................ 1
GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................................................................................... 2
LOCATION ..................................................................................................................................... 3
CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE.................................................................................................... 3
1. PURPOSE OF THE OHS PLAN .................................................................................................. 4
2. DESCRIPTION OHS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ....................................................................... 5
3. RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION AND EXECUTION OF THE PLAN .......... 8
3.1 RESPONSIBILITIES AT WORK ........................................................................................... 8
a)

PROJECT MANAGER ..................................................................................................... 8

b)

RESIDENT ENGINEER ................................................................................................... 9

c)

SAFETY ENGINEER ..................................................................................................... 10

d)

WORKPLACE ENGINEER ............................................................................................ 10

e)

SUPERVISORS, FOREMEN AND MASTER WORK.................................................... 11

f)

WORKERS ..................................................................................................................... 12

g)

PROGRESSION OF SANCTIONS ................................................................................. 13

3.4 ATTRIBUTIONS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE TECHNICAL COMMITTEE ON SAFETY


AND HEALTH AT WORK. ....................................................................................................... 13
4. PLAN ELEMENTS .................................................................................................................... 14
4.1 IDENTIFICATION OF LEGAL AND CONTRACTUAL REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO
OHS ........................................................................................................................................... 14
4.2 RISK ANALYSIS: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND PREVENTIVE
ACTIONS ................................................................................................................................... 14
4.2.1 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIZ ........................... 18
4.3 PLANS FOR THE COLLECTIVE PROTECTION INSTALLATION OF THE WHOLE
PROJECT. .................................................................................................................................. 18
4.4 WORKING PROCEDURES FOR HIGH-RISK ACTIVITIES .............................................. 19
4.4.1.- HOT WORK PROCEDURES ..................................................................................... 28
4.4.2.- PROCEDURES FOR EXECUTING WORK AT HEIGHT. ......................................... 37
4.5. - TRAINING AND SENSITIZATION AT WORK TRAINING PROGRAM. ................... 40
4.6 NONCONFORMITY MANAGEMENT- INSPECTIONS AND AUDITS PROGRAMS ...... 46
4.7 OBJECTIVES AND GOALS FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND
HEALTH .................................................................................................................................... 48
4.8 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN ...................................................................................... 51
4.5.1

RESPONSE TO MEDICAL EMERGENCIES ......................................................... 52

4.5.2

PROCEDURE IN CASE OF CASES AND DISASTERS ........................................ 53

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5. MONITORING AND CONTROL MECHANISM ...................................................................... 56


ANNEXES ..................................................................................................................................... 57

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INTRODUCTION

One of the main items on the construction industry is undoubtedly Safety, at all stages of
the project. Nowadays, there are construction companies that are giving the necessary
importance, recognizing that the construction is one of the most dangerous activities
performed by workers. Thats why the construction companies need to ensure the most
important resources of work: The people. There is also the need to comply with existing
regulations and act of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in Peru.
The implementation of this plan is to have a better control of the security and health
applied to the construction processes of the Project, in order to achieve a positive impact
on business productivity and reduce their rates of workplace accidents.
Competitiveness lived today and the level of demand for the works should encourage to
work together to find constructive solutions that go in line with market growth, this means
that safety is integrated in the process of construction and would result in continuity
process, the search for zero property damage and personal injury. To do this we will
consider the planning, implementation and execution, check and correct, revise and
improve.
KUSI CONTRATISTAS S.A.C. as a company, it is convinced that all accidents can be
avoided. Consistent with this, the company is committed to meeting and maintaining its
zero-accident plan, through practices of continuous improvement.

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CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INFORMATION

Our project "Gran La Mar" is located in one of the best areas of Pueblo Libre, with easy
access to the most exclusive shopping center, supermarkets and restaurants. Gran La Mar
has 53 modern apartments.

The "Gran La Mar" project is built by the Peruvian construction company "KUSI
CONTRACTORS." This multifamily project has a total of 4 basements for parking, 15
floors for apartments and roof intended as common areas for the owners.

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LOCATION

The project is located on Avenues La Mar N 1575. - Pueblo Libre, an area with
residential zoning near the green and recreational areas. It has great accessibility due to
its proximity to the corner of La Marina and Universitaria Avenues, and important places
such as the Pontificia Universidad Catlica del Peru (PUCP), the shopping center Plaza
San Miguel and De Las Leyendas Park.

CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE

The construction includes: Temporary facilities, land clearing, mass excavation, digging
localized material removal, filling, compaction, topographic and stakeout lines, emptied
of plain concrete, placement of steel, welding, casting formwork and reinforced concrete
in footings, slurry walls, cistern, plates, columns, stairs, beams and slabs, electrical,
sanitary facilities, installation of pumps, aluminum and placing screens, plastering
structures, jobs internal and external painting, and final safety signage.

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CHAPTER 2
1. PURPOSE OF THE OHS PLAN

The plan of safety and health at work must be oriented to describe the actions that each
contractor must implement and maintain to ensure the safety and health of staff.
This present OHS, has the purpose of incorporate to the company a permanent job
analysis, diagnosis and implementation of action programs, with the final purpose of
prevent and protect the worker.
The specific objective is to increment the level of health and safety in the workplace. Also
decrement the conditions and facts that affects the health and safety of workers.

Promote a culture of risk prevention


Prevent all types of injuries, occupational accidents and occupational diseases.
Establish and check periodically the objectives of continue improvement.
To motivate the workers to the permanent work of safety practice.

To ensure safety in the project, we should realize the following actions:


Signpost and fence the work area.
The project must have enough PPE to provide to the workers
Training the workers
Have all the equipment necessary of first aid
Have an insurance that covers the execution of the project.
Keep the order and cleanliness
Workers must use the correct EPP for the activity.
Have special care with the use of heavy machinery.

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2. DESCRIPTION OHS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM


i.

ii.

Description of the Occupational Health and Safety Management System of


the Company.
Technical information and special considerations for the execution of the work
Construction procedures by subcontractors
Preparation of OHS plan and apply it in the project
Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment
Development of HIRADC matrix where hazards and risks are listed and
preventive measures are proposed
Preparation of training program
Preparation of inspection program
Induction of OHS to all project staff
Safety Committee. Monthly meeting
No conformity management (substandard acts and conditions)
No conformity register (monthly)
Monthly report
Health and safety policy at work

The company is committed in promoting a prevention culture, provide technological and


economic human resources, training programs and training on occupational safety and
health to improve the performance of our employees, suppliers, and customers.
iii.

Occupational risk management

Identifying the different process in the construction of the project will allow the
identification, evaluation, control and monitoring of occupational hazards.
It is necessary to consider the following aspects to Manage occupational hazards:

iv.

Identify hazards
Evaluate risks
preventive methods
Monitoring and risk control
Communication:

Communication is an important element in the development, implementation and


maintenance of OHS at work, the company has established activities to facilitate
communication between the different levels of the organization, issues such as policy,
objectives, hazards and risks, roles and responsibilities, procedures, results of audits,
arrangements with committee, among others must be communicated to the staff and
receive the corresponding feedback.
Safety talks, panels, newsletters, email, etc., can be used individually or together to
communicate the different issues to staff.

UPC -OHS MANAGEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION

v.

FINAL ASSIGNMENT 2016 - 2

Documentation:

Management systems have formal character, this means they must be able to be shown
and evidenced to those persons or entities that have the right or authority to do so. The
documentation helps to demonstrate the reliability of the management system.
Registers:

vi.

Accidents, occupational diseases, dangerous incidents and other incidents, which


should consist research and corrective measures
Occupational medical examinations
Internal inspections of safety and health at work
Statistics of safety and health at work.
Safety equipment or emergency equipment
induction, training and emergency drills
Audits
Operative Control

Operative control constitutes any mechanism used to eliminate or reduce the associated
risks.
To establish operational controls it should be apply a hierarchy or order of priority:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Elimination
Substitution
Engineering Controls
Administrative Controls
Personal Protective Equipment

From the Hazard identification, Risk assessment and Determination of controls:


Progressively identify hazards, risks are assessed and necessary control measures are
implemented for reducing risks associated with the activities, which is complemented by
the Matrix of Hazard Identification and risk Assessment.
The procedure: Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment, identify, assess and control
hazards and risks, for the activities of all workers, among others, also contractors and
visitors.
Before work starts all the activities to be implemented during the project must have passed
the process of identifying the hazards and valuing them using the matrix.
Critical activities may be initiated only if the operational control matrix has been
approved by the construction manager and the staff has been properly instructed.
vii.

Verification and corrective actions

Monitoring and measurement of OHS management at work allows knowing the results
obtained during the implementation of the system and its evolution for continuous
improvement.

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Important aspects in an OHS management subject are: The fulfillment of the objectives
and goals, fulfillment of training programs, fulfillment of inspection programs.
viii.

Accidents and incidents investigation and corrective actions

One of the primary objectives of OHS management at work is the reduction of accidents
and quasi-accidents
All incidents and accidents need to be reported and investigated. The purpose is to
determine the causes of them, allowing taking corrective action with the Safety
Committee. Information and conclusions obtained from the research, should passed to
personnel exposed to similar conditions, to prevent a repeat incident or accident
ix.

Nonconformity, corrective and preventive actions.

Nonconformity may be associated with legal requirements, procedures, etc. and it can be
identified during inspections, audits, everyday observations, etc.
Nonconformities must be corrected and it is required to make an analysis to determine
the cause and implement corrective actions to prevent recurrence of nonconformity.
Nonconformity: Failure to comply with a requirement.
Corrective action: Action to eliminate the cause of detected nonconformity
Preventive action: Action to eliminate the cause of potential nonconformity
x.

xi.

xii.

Safety Committee
The Safety Committee aims to promote health and safety at work, advise and
monitor in compliance with the OHS plan
The Committee should consist of an equal number, equal number of
representatives for employers and the working part.
The resident engineer will be the chairman
The Safety Committee should meet monthly and there must be special meetings
to analyze serious accidents or when circumstances require. All agreements and
proposals made in the Committee shall be recorded in the Book of Acts.
Safety Committee Responsibilities
Monitoring that the OHS plan is followed
Verify the fulfillments of the agreed recommendations, and the effectiveness of
them
Promote the participation of all workers in the prevention of occupational risks.
Evaluate training programs and inspections of work and propose improvements if
necessary
Reward the staff who follow the risk prevention programs
Monthly reports

It aims to keep a statistical record of the results


Register the number of workers, hours worked, number of accidents, frequency rate,
severity rate is recorded hours of training and monitoring in terms of training and
inspections.

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3. RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION AND EXECUTION OF


THE PLAN
3.1 RESPONSIBILITIES AT WORK
The organizational structure is defined in the Organizational chart of the company
according to the module OHS in construction curse, Management System OHSAS 18001.
It is defined for a building project the following responsibilities:
a) PROJECT MANAGER

Develop, disseminate and periodically improve prevention policy at work.

Provide all the resources for implementation, compliance, control and continuous
improvement of the OHS management system, including human, technological
and financial resources.

Monitor the implementation and results of the OSH Plan established for each of
its operational and adopt the necessary improvement actions units.

Review, improve and adopt timely standards, safety procedures and all those
provisions that seek to safeguard the physical integrity and health of all workers
under its management based on the analysis of accidents, nonconformities, legal
standards, etc.

Enforcing health and safety standards in all its operating units or where KUSI
CONTRATISTAS S.A.C.is responsible for the safety and health of workers.

Integrating OSH management implementation processes, creating a culture of


prevention in all its organizational classes.

Fatal accidents to report to the Ministry of labor within 24 hours of the occurrence.

Participate in the Technical Committee on Safety and Health at Work when you
are called.

An external audit to OHS MS looking for continual improvement.

Verify that the staff of command implements the Safety Management System,
Occupational Health and Environment at Work.

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b) RESIDENT ENGINEER

The Project Manager or Resident Work is responsible for the implementation of


the OHS Plan, before the start of the contract work, and to ensure compliance at
all stages of execution of the work according to the standard G.050 Safety and
Health During the job.

Also has the responsibility to monitor compliance with health and safety standards
and work procedures, it is delegated to the immediate supervisor of each
employee.

Responsible for the work should be placed in a visible place the Plan for Safety
and Health at Work to be presented to the Security Inspectors of Ministry of
Labour and shall deliver a copy of the OSH Plan to representatives of workers.

Resident Work Engineer will have primary responsibility for the implementation
and compliance with the Standards for Risk Prevention of Enterprise, using a
maximum of initiative to communicate, train, motivate and monitor supervisors
and workers in general in order to ensure the maximum precautions may be taken
to control occupational hazards.

This responsibility cant be delegated and must ensure that the Supervisors,
Foremen and workers know and are aware of their preventive responsibilities.

It should establish collaboration with the Advisory Risk Prevention Company, a


Program of Risk Prevention, composed of all the elements required by law and
regulations Risk Prevention which apply to the conditions specified for
Construction Projects. The program will define the duties and responsibilities will
each person.

The Resident Engineer will be responsible for informing the sub-contractors of


policies and standards in risk prevention work of the company; as well as
monitoring compliance with them.

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c) SAFETY ENGINEER
To advise the chain of command of the Project on Risk Control.
Reinforce and review compliance with the Standards Project Risk Prevention.
Attend and verify that investigate all incidents / accidents within the time limits.
Keep updated statistics Incidents / Accidents.
Perform, advice and promote training in risk prevention.
Advise on inspections and / or observations of periodic safety in the workplace, by
written notice to Resident Engineer Project.
Check the quality of Personal Protection elements are used.
Attend online monitoring compliance Safety Program, especially in the Procedures and
Work Permits required.
Inform and timely advice on the identified risks and opportunities to improve levels of
safety Work.
Keep up to date and running all the files and records of Risk Prevention Program.
To inform the General Manager and Resident Engineer statistics obtained any accident
/ incident and measures taken to prevent their recurrence.
Comply with safety Policies and Standards Company.
have an obligation to stop any construction work that is in imminent danger or risk,
until the unsafe condition that caused it is removed.
The assistant SST is responsible for preparing the following documents or records:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Training program.
Matrix Safe Operational Control (MCO).
Research Report nonconformity.
Monthly Summary accident.
Internal audit program on site.
Audit report.
Keep track of the minutes of committee Safety, Health and Environment.

d) WORKPLACE ENGINEER
Planning timely the work in coordination with the assistant of SST, to ensure of
implemented preventive and control measures that established in the risk prevention work
before start the activities.
Develop risk analysis of all works in conjunction with the risks preventer.
Coordinate with the administrator of work, the entry of new workers (direct recruitment
and subcontracting), to ensure allones know the Health, Safety and Environment Plan of
the Work.
Check availability of personal protective equipment and collective protection systems
that all workers required before start the work.

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Participate as an instructor and inspector training programs and inspections.


e) SUPERVISORS, FOREMEN AND MASTER WORK
It establishes the link between work and residence, carrying a monitoring project
operations according to the program of work execution and compliance with the
implementation and development of the Safe, health and environment Plan of the work.
Participate as an instructor and inspector training programs and inspection.
Check that workers in charge have received the "Induction for New Staff" and signed
the "Pledge of Compliance" prerequisites to start work on site.
Provide every day and before the start of the day, the training of ten minutes to all staff.
Develop the AST (Safe Work Analysis), before start of any activity and when variations
arise in the initial conditions. To inform workers about the hazards associated with the
work they do and to know the preventive measures and appropriate measures to prevent
accidents that can generate personal, property and environmental injury.
instruct their staff on working procedures of risk prevention and verify compliance of
them during the work.
Request timely to store work, personal protective equipment and collective protection
systems required for the work they have been assigned.
Educate your staff on the correct use and maintenance of personal protective equipment
and collective protection systems required for they assignments and timely request the
replacement of them if is deteriorating.
Permanently use of personal protective equipment required for the work and require to
their staff the correct and mandatory use of them.
Ensure the order, cleanliness and preservation of the environment in the work area.
If any incident or accident at work should happen immediately report the resident
engineer and the preventer also provided detailed information about what happened
during the process of investigation of incidents or accidents.
Participate in training programs and inspections.

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f) WORKERS
Comply with all Standards and preventive Rules established for the work.
Comply with all safety instructions addressed to them by Foremen, Supervisors,
Engineers or Managers Accident Prevention.
Attend all courses and safety training talks that are planned.
They should use during their stay in the basic work of personal protective equipment
provided to them.
take special care to comply with the use of safety equipment for fall protection and in
regard to electrical work or in the vicinity of electrical equipment or cables.
They must keep their areas clean and tidy work.
inform immediately of any unsafe condition detected.
Immediately inform their supervisors / foremen of any injury or illness that gets them.
Discuss with your foreman any task entrusted to them and that in his opinion creates
unsafe. If you are still not convinced of the safety of the task at the end of this discussion,
you must go to a higher level of supervision or Safety Manager until it is convinced that
the task is completely safe.

OHS Plan

Manager

Resident

Administrator

Field Engineer

Warehouse
manager

Supervisor

Safety Engineer

Implements and
maintains

Responsible for
compliance

Comunicates and
checks

Develops
preventives
measures

Controls (PPE)

Develops JSA

Develops and
checks

Safety Committee

Instals and
assemble

Develops

Accomplishment Reports

Validates

Develops

HIRADC

Approves and
provides
compliance

Approves and
provides
compliance

JSA

PPE

Develops and
diffuses

Develops
Develops and
implements

Checks
Approves and
provides
compliance

Establishes
requirements

Maintains
minimum stock

Checks
Approves and
provides
compliance

G) CLASSIFICATION OF FAULTS
The Resident Engineer of Work will apply the sanctions according to the gravity of the
same to all the workers of the work. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Contractor
Companies, through their own organization may apply sanctions under this Program of
Disciplinary Actions, this must inform in writing the Engineer Resident of Work.
It can be described as minor, serious and very serious depending on the criterion of the
Resident Engineer.

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g) PROGRESSION OF SANCTIONS
The sequence of penalties according to the gravity of the fouls will progress according to
the following:
Verbal Admonition
This sanction is applied directly to any supervisor of the Work, when detecting faults
qualifying as minor infractions.
Written Admonition
This song is applied by the Engineer Responsible for Work when detected faults of
medium gravity. Copy of the warning will go to the personal file of the worker.
Untying of the Project
This sanction will be applied by the Resident Engineer of Works when serious
misconduct is detected, when in the opinion of the Supervisor or Security Officer
the fault committed has meant an imminent risk of serious injury or death, for the
same affected or for other workers.
3.4 ATTRIBUTIONS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE TECHNICAL COMMITTEE
ON SAFETY AND HEALTH AT WORK.

The duties and obligations of the Technical Committee on Safety and Health at
Work are as follows:

To approve the Internal Regulation of Safety and Health in the Work (Kusi

Contractors S.A.C.)

Ensure compliance with the plan and the national regulations regarding Safety and
Health at Work, applicable to the sectors in which Kusi Contratistas S.A.C.
Develops its activities.

Approve the Annual Health and Safety Plan (Objectives and Lines of Action) and
the

Plan of Implementation of Lines of Action - Pila.

Propose improvement objectives and evaluate the achievement of the objectives


proposed in the Annual Health and Safety Plan.

Conduct periodic inspections of the company's facilities, with the purpose of


verifying the safety and health conditions in the different jobs.

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To analyze the serious occupational accidents and diseases, their causes and
corrective actions proposed with the purpose of making recommendations.

Monitor compliance with the agreements reached at the meetings of the


Committee on Safety and Health at Work.

4. PLAN ELEMENTS
4.1 IDENTIFICATION OF LEGAL AND CONTRACTUAL REQUIREMENTS
RELATED TO OHS
For the present report, we consider the laws and the normative guide:

Act N 29783 (Ley de Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo)


Regulary D.S.N 005-2012-TR (Reglamento de la Ley N 29783 Ley de
Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo)
Act N 28806 (Ley General de inspeccin del trabajo)
Standard G-050 Norma Seguridad dentro de la Construccin
Standard OHSAS 18001:2007
R.M. N 312-2011-MINSA Protocolos de Exmenes Mdicos Ocupacionales.

Standard R.M. N 480-2008-MINSA Norma Tcnica de Salud: Listado de


Enfermedades Profesionales.

Standard D.S. N 375-2008-TR Normas Bsicas de Ergonoma.

Act N 2734 Ley de manejo de residuos slidos en la construccin.

4.2 RISK ANALYSIS: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND


PREVENTIVE ACTIONS
KUSI CONTRATISTAS S.A.C. Has as main objective to ensure the protection of
workers, to prevent the slightest risk factor, for the worker in Obra to know that his
company has as part of its objectives to take care of him, that the worker is important to
the company, but understands That he is important to himself, to his family who in his
home are waiting for him, so he has to assume his commitment, which has as its main goal
his health and well-being. With this objective the company has implemented a
Fundamentally decentralized Risk Prevention Program, that is "the security of a certain
activity, it is everyone's responsibility".
The general control of a work in the field of Risk Analysis is the direct responsibility of
your Safety Supervisor and / or Risk Safety Manager
Labor, and in turn oblige the contractors to respect and follow the rules by this manual and
a Security Supervisor or a manager within their staff, which in turn will be advised by the
Security Supervisor

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Should such management control fail, this will be reflected in losses resulting from the
occurrence of accidents / incidents that degrade the functioning of the security system,
which threatens the achievement of the company's objectives.
This is based on:
The SSOMA Supervisor in Industrial Safety, Occupational Health and the Environment is
an essential part of the Directive work.

The multiplicity of incidents is a reflection of the existence of uncontrolled


hazards.

The absence or insufficiency of operational risk control weakens the SSOMA


Supervisor program, threatening the achievement of the goals proposed by the
company.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
It constitutes an important tool of the management system, which allows to know in the
different processes, the conditions or situations that can cause injuries and illnesses to the
people, as well as other damages.
RISK ASSESSMENT
It is a tool of planning of the management system, because it allows to prioritize the
risks according to an established level of criticality. Preventive actions are developed
based on prioritized risks.
The risk is evaluated according to the probability of the damage occurring and the
consequences thereof.
To establish the level of probability (NP) the damage must take into account the level of
deficiency detected and whether the control measures are adequate according to scale.
In order to determine the level of foreseeable consequences (NC), the nature of the
damage and the parts of the body affected must be:

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SLIGHTLY
HARMFUL

Injury without disability: minor cuts or bruises Eye


irritation from dust, discomfort and discomfort:
Headache, discomfort.

HARMFUL

Injury with temporary disability: minor fractures.


Irreversible health damage: Deafness, dermatitis, asthma,
Musculoskeletal disorders

EXTREMELY
HARMFUL

Injury with permanent disability: Amputations, major


fractures.
Death.
Irreversible
health
damage:
Intoxications, multiple injuries, fatal injuries

The level of exposure (NE) is a measure of the frequency of exposure to risk. Usually will
be given by the time of permanence in areas of work, time of operations or tasks, contact
with machines, tools, etc. This level of exposure will be presented according to:

1 SPORADICALLY

2 EVENTUALLY

3 PERMANENTLY

Once in your working day and with short


period of time At least once a year

Several times in your workday, even with


short times At least once a month

Continuously or several times in your


workday with extended time At least once a
day

The level of risk is determined by combining probability with the consequence of the
damage, according to the matrix:

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SLIGHTLY
HARMFUL
Trivial

PROBABILITY

LOW

MEDIUM

HIGH

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CONSEQUENCE
HARMFUL
EXTREMELY
HARMFUL
Moderate
Tolerable
9 - 16

4
Tolerable

5-8
Moderate

Important

5-8

9 - 16

17 - 24

Moderate

Important

Intolerable

9 - 16

17 - 24

25 - 36

RISK ASSESSMENT, With the value of the risk obtained and comparing it with the
tolerable value, a judgment is given on the tolerability of the risk in question

RISK LEVEL

INTERPRETATION / MEANING

Intolerable

Do not start or continue work until the risk is reduced. If it


is not possible to reduce the risk, even with unlimited
resources, work should be prohibited

25 - 36

Important
17 - 24

Moderate

Work should not be started until the risk has been reduced.
Considerable resources may be needed to control the risk.
When the risk corresponds to a work that is being carried
out, the problem must be remedied in a shorter time than
moderate risks
Efforts should be made to reduce risk by determining the
precise investments. Measures to reduce risk should be
implemented within a given period. When moderate risk is
associated with extremely damaging (fatal and very
serious) consequences, further action will be required to
more accurately establish the likelihood of injury as a basis
for determining the need for improved control measures.

9 - 16

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Tolerable

FINAL ASSIGNMENT 2016 - 2

There is no need to improve preventive action. However,


more cost-effective solutions or improvements that do not
pose a significant economic burden should be considered.

5-8

Periodic checks are required to ensure that the


effectiveness of control measures is maintained.

Trivial

No action needs to be taken

Probability and consequence

Hazards identified and recorded in the "Hazard Identification Matrix" are assessed to
identify "critical activities" for which specific work procedures will be developed to serve
as a reference for staff training and monitoring activities.
To control the HAZARDS associated with the operations of the work, "Operational
Control Matrices" must be developed for each identified HAZARD. These matrices
record the critical activities associated with each hazard, control measures, "key
positions" and the General Standards and / or Procedures of work that guide the
development of the work activities, or failing that , As reference for the elaboration of
Specific Procedures of Work.

4.2.1 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIZ

Before starting the Work, the Hazard Identification Matrix is created, which
allows the line of command to have clear references to the risk value assigned to
each of its activities.
The Field Engineer will use the Matrix permanently so that through this tool he
develops the Operational Control Matrix.
If there are activities not described in the Hazard Identification Matrix, it is the
Field Engineer who must carry out the corresponding Matrix together with the
Risk Prevention Department.
Attached in this document is the Hazard Identification Matrix associated with
the work activities. (LOOK AT ANNEX 1).

4.3 PLANS FOR THE COLLECTIVE PROTECTION INSTALLATION OF THE


WHOLE PROJECT.
(VER ANEXO 2).

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4.4 WORKING PROCEDURES FOR HIGH-RISK ACTIVITIES


4.4.1. - SAFE WORK ANALYSIS - ATS
OBJETIVE
Define critical tasks, areas and equipment to be developed in a job, with the purpose of
quantifying the degree of attention to be given to those most critical activities, in order to
establish methods of work, safety rules or basic rules in Prevention.
Activities to develop
01. According to the preliminary elaboration of a Inventory of Tasks, Areas and Critical
Equipment, a joint determination between the SSOMA Supervisor and the Supervisor of
areas and / or specialty will be carried out on those activities that present a greater degree
of danger. (Response Supervision - SSOMA Supervisory Dept).
02. Once the corresponding Analysis of Tasks, Areas and Critical Equipment has been
identified, the corresponding Safe Work Procedure will be developed, which, after being
preliminarily reviewed by the Administrator, will be forwarded to the SSOMA Supervisor
Department for final approval. (Supervisor Dept. Supervisor).
03. Once approved, this procedure should be widely disseminated among workers and
especially the Supervision, with the purpose of unifying and standardizing work criteria,
tending to perform the work in the most optimal and safe. (Responsable SSOMA
Supervisor Dept. - Supervision).
04. For each task, an A.T.S.
4.4.2.- SAFE WORK ANALYSIS PROCEDURE (A.T.S.)
OBJETIVE
Define the methodology to be used for the preparation of Work Analysis Safe according
to client formats and an ATS by Task.
1.- SCOPE:
Applies to the work Demolition of Existing Structures.
2.- DEFINITIONS:

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A.T.S. (Safe Work Analysis): This is the study in which the risks associated with each
stage of the execution of a job that could potentially cause an accident are analyzed.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES:
Operations Manager:
- Require the realization of the A.T.S for all the works that require it.
- Check compliance with A.T.S. According to format (attached)
From the Resident Engineer:
- Require and control that the A.T.S are prepared for all the corresponding works.
- Participate in the elaboration of the A.T.S, authorizing the application of the elaborated
ones, by means of their signature in these.
- Check compliance with A.T.S.
From the Head of Supervisor SSOMA:
- To instruct the supervision and the personnel of the work on the elaboration of the A.T.S,
as well as of the objective and uses of these. Participate in the preparation of the A.S.T.
Advising the supervision and controlling its correct application and compliance.
- Check compliance with A.T.S. According to format (attached).De los Supervisores y
Foremans:
-Instruct your staff on the development and implementation of the A.T.S., the
instruction should be recorded.
-Develop the A.T.S. Corresponding to their area together with their personnel according
to the attached form, instructing them on each one of them. Leaving written support of
each instruction.
-Check compliance with A.T.S. According to format (attached).
4.- PROCEDURE
1. The safe analysis of work is an activity prior to the completion of all work ie if the
activities are varied for each one of them, an A.T.S.

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2. The safe analysis of work will allow a better planning of the work since it will mention
all the equipment, materials and tools to be used, as well as the personnel involved, who
together with the supervisor and / or foreman will analyze the work to run; Stage by stage,
identifying in each of them the inherent risks as well as the prevention measures to be
applied.
3. The Supervisor of Supervisor SSOMA should be asked to participate in the preparation
of the A.T.S. In case of doubt.
4. Once the A.T.S. has been prepared, it will be presented to the Supervisor.
5. Instructional support will be given to staff on the A.T.S. Of work to be done, by
signing the workers on the talk sheet.
5.- DOCUMENTATION
- A.T.S. Form (SEE ANNEX N 4).
- Record of instruction to the workers involved in the work, on the A.T.S. Respectively.

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4.4.3.- DEMOLITION PROCEDURE


OBJETIVE:
Perform procedures carefully to ensure the safety of workers at the job site, as well as
people in the vicinity of the demolition site.
1.- SCOPE:
Applies to all personnel, contractors and operators in general.
2.- DEFINITIONS:
Demolition is the opposite of construction, for most buildings like houses, which only
have between two to three floors in height, demolition is a simpler process. In addition,
unlike the demolitions of the past, which only had the objective of demolishing, today
they are carried out in a studied and orderly way, separating materials by class and with a
careful process of transportation of debris, that also are prepared to be recycled.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES
From the resident engineer:
- Ensure compliance with controls and procedures.
From the Chief of Security and / or Security Supervisor:
- Check that safety procedures are followed in each procedure.
- Fill out the Demolition and / or Excavation Work Permit form
- (SEE ANNEX N 6).
- Verify the certification of the Operator of the heavy machinery.
- To verify the validity of the SCTR of all workers involved in this task.
From the workers:
- Comply with procedures without neglecting order and cleanliness
4.- PROCESS
The work will be carried out manually and mechanically with the help of the necessary
means for its correct demolition.

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Prior to the start of the demolition, work will be planned and planned, which will
include measures to protect the areas adjacent to demolition.

All structures adjacent to the demolition zone will be adequately protected and
propped up when the demolition sequence eliminates support zones from
neighboring structures.

Removal from the high levels of the demolished structure shall be carried out
through closed gutters which are discharged directly onto the trucks used for
disposal or in special storage containers.

A thorough study will be conducted to determine if any chemicals, gases,


explosive or flammable materials, used or previously stored on the site, are
likely to present a hazard.

Before the demolition begins, it is necessary to locate the electricity, gas, sewer,
water and elevated lines and turn them off, close them, cover them or control
them. If it is necessary to maintain the use of some of the services, they must
temporarily relocate and notify all workers of the new location to avoid
accidents.

It will avoid the passage of people and machines through the demolition zone, to
avoid it will execute a correct signaling.

The maneuvers of the machines will be done without interference between them.

It will prohibit the permanence of personnel in the range of action of the


machines.

Adequate vigilance will be maintained on the nearby walls to demolish to avoid


possible damage.

The interior routes of passage of machinery will be signaled.

4.4.4.- PROCEDURE FOR EXCAVATIONS


OBJETIVE:
Inform workers about hazards and safety requirements regarding excavation and
trenching.
1.- SCOPE:
Applies to all staff, contractors and operators in general.

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2.- DEFINITION:
Any cut, cavity, trench, or depression made on the surface of the earth due to the removal
of soil.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES:
From the Resident Engineer:
Coordinate the actions to be taken in each excavation process.
From the Chief of Security and / or Security Supervisor:
- Control the safety in the maneuvers to be carried out, have the procedures respected.
- Verify the certification of the Heavy Machinery Operator.
- Check that safety procedures are followed in each procedure.
- Fill out the Demolition and / or Excavation Work Permit form (SEE ANNEX N 6).
- To verify the validity of the SCTR of all workers involved in this task.

From the workers:


Follow the indications of each procedure, to avoid errors in the maneuvers.

4.- PROCESS:
A basic rule for excavations is, "Plan your excavation, and then excavate it according to
your plan." If you encounter something unplanned, stop and plan again.
Before excavating, find out as much as possible about the excavation route. Make a study
and a road map, it is good engineering practice to conduct field surveys to determine the
kinds of land on the route. A soil survey diary provides information on the water table and
possible soil contamination due to underground storage tanks.

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MINIMUM SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR AN EXCAVATION.

Surface Clogs include trees, signs, sidewalks, electric poles, parking lots, and
walls that must be removed, propped, or otherwise held to prevent a hazard.

Underground services - such as sewers, water, gas pipelines, communications,


and electrical cables must be identified and physically located. Call the local
company for the services location, give them the location or route and depth of
the proposed excavation and ask for the location of the services. Once the service
is discovered, it becomes your responsibility to hold, protect, or have the service
removed as necessary. Locating all underground services that cross or parallel
your route may take a long time, but not doing so could have serious
consequences. The consequences of bumping into a gas oil line or underground
electric service could be deadly but avoidable

Access and exit any trench or excavation with four feet or more depth must have
an exit way. Stairs and / or ramps must be located within 25 feet of any employee
while inside the excavation. Another good safety practice is to ensure that ladders
extend three feet above the surface and are tied if possible.

Exposure to Vehicular Traffic Workers exposed to vehicular traffic must wear


high visibility vests or clothing.

Exposure to objects in collapse Under no conditions should workers be allowed


to be under objects manipulated by hoisting or digging machines. Workers have to
move away from vehicles by raising or lowering loads. Vehicle operators can
remain in their vehicles when loading or unloading, provided they are protected by
a built cabin.

Warning systems All mobile machinery (front-end bulldozers, bulldozers, and


dump trucks) must be equipped with a warning device such as a reverse alarm if
the operator does not have a clear and direct view of the edge of the excavation.
Other good safety practices are the use of hand signals from a pointer, stop logs,
barricades, or other mechanical signals. An attentive operator and a pointer who
knows and uses correct hand signals are the safest method.

Hazardous atmospheres - In excavations more than four feet deep with a


hazardous atmosphere or oxygen deficiency potential, perform air tests before
workers enter the excavation and as often as necessary to ensure that the

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atmosphere remains safe. Ventilation or respiratory protection may be necessary


to protect workers from harmful atmospheres.

Dangers of water accumulation Workers are prohibited from working in


excavations where water is accumulating unless sufficient precautions are taken to
protect such workers against such hazards. This protection involves specific
shoring, removal of water (to control the level of water accumulating), life ropes,
harnesses, and meticulous monitoring by a competent person.

Stability of adjacent structures It is not permitted to dig under bases or feet of


walls, walls, sidewalks, pavements or other structure unless:

Shoring or counter-supports are provided to prevent landslides

The excavation is done in stable rock

A registered professional engineer determines that the structure is at a sufficient


distance that the excavation will not be affected or that the excavation will pose no
threat to the workers.

Protection against stones and loose soil

The excavated earth (debris),

materials, tools, and equipment shall be placed at least two feet from the edge of
the excavation. Stones and soil must be scraped off the excavation walls or
contained by struts or other acceptable methods to prevent material from falling
and striking workers.

Good work practices should stipulate that no person will work on the slope or step of the
excavation above other workers unless the workers below are protected from collapsing
material. If possible and practical, incline the slope in the opposite direction of the
excavation. This serves double purpose in preventing machinery and vehicles.

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CONCLUSION

Even with the introduction of new equipment and stringent compliance with safety
standards, many workers die every year and many more are seriously injured in
trench accidents.

Burial alive is only one of the dangers of excavations. This Plan only covers the
general requirements of excavation safety. Following the safety measures listed in
this publication and not taking shortcuts will make a hazardous work safer.

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4.4.1.- HOT WORK PROCEDURES


OBJETIVE:
Establish the mandatory basic guidelines that must be met by personnel performing
welding, oxyfuel, grinding or any work that generates ignition sources in areas designated
as critical or risk of fire or explosion.

1.- SCOPE:
Apply to all hot work staff.
2.- DEFINITIONS:
Hot work The work is defined as work with open flame that involves, sparks of fire,
oxyfuel, welding or any source of ignition.

3.- RESPONSIBILITIES:
From the Resident Engineer:
-

Monitor compliance with these provisions.

Supervisors and foremen:


- Before starting any Hot Work, you must inspect, evaluate the risks and sign the Hot
Work Permit and present the
Secure process of the work to be done.
-Transmit this Hot Permission document with Supervisor SSOMA Area Supervisor
responsible.
- Before starting the work, the personnel will have a fire extinguisher per machine of
Welding or one by rotary equipment.
- Verify that the working area conditions before, during and after hot work are in perfect
condition without admitting any risk.
- It is responsible for exhibiting Work Permits in Hot in a visible place of the area during
the accomplishment of the work.

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- Train their workers in the procedure for hot works.


From the Supervisor of SSOMA Supervisory Dept.
- Train Supervision and audit compliance with this procedure.
4.- PROCESS.
1. It is necessary to request permission for all work in Caliente involving fire, oxyfuel,
welding or any source of ignition both in store and in construction.
2. All work in Caliente in sectors of Storage of combustible or flammable materials
requires permission, the Working Procedure and
The respective Risk Analysis.
3. Every worker is responsible for inspecting their equipment to carry out the work and
know how to use the extinguishers.
4. Remove any potential hazards from outside a radius of 20 meters.
Fire or explosion, oils, greases, solvents, compressed gases that could create dangerous
mixtures, etc. If for some reason you could not,
Cover them with fire-resistant elements and
Extinguishers around.
5. Use personal and auxiliary protection elements.
6. Review and know the location of fire alarms, fire fighting equipment, first aid
equipment, smoke detectors,
Radios and emergency telephones.
7. In case a work is carried out in a room, it is necessary to block the smoke detectors that
can be activated, coordinating previously the work done with the staff of RESCUE AND
EMERGENCIES.
8. The Hot Work carried out in height must have the preparation of the A.S.T.
Corresponding, authorized by the Labor Supervisor and the Supervisor of the Labor Area,
where the work will be carried out.
9. For all work carried out in height must be marked with a sign "DANGER UP, WORKS
IN HEIGHT" and also the area below the welding must be fenced.

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10. For the execution of all Hot Work, 100% of all possible sources of ignition must be
controlled.
11. The Hot Work permit is valid during the work shift.
12. In all Confined Spaces, the atmosphere must be purified by eliminating all materials
that may create a hazardous atmosphere; Also, all energy sources must be cleaned, purged
and disconnected by applying the Blocking and Signaling Procedure, verifying
atmospheric conditions with approved instruments.
13. Whenever work is carried out in Caliente in an area of risk, an environmental
monitoring must be carried out.
14. All Hot Work should be coordinated with the Area Supervisor, in order to carry out
all necessary controls, before beginning the work.
15. The personal protective equipment that must be counted on the people who perform
hot work are: safety helmet, goggles with lenses,
Respirator, leather jacket and trousers, elbow leather gloves, safety shoes, leather apron
and ear plugs, according to the activity being performed.
16. Personal protective equipment is mandatory for the Operator and his / her assistant.
17. It should be taken into account that the worker's clothing or safety equipment is not
impregnated with any flammable substance.
18. In areas where people circulate, whether workplaces or manufacturing workshops,
screens or protective screens, blankets and fire-fighting should be provided.
19. When work is done at higher levels, the floor must be covered so that the incandescent
particles do not project downwards.
20. Grounding points must not be more than 0.5 meters around the point where the
welding will take place. Points to consider should not be painted, they should not be shafts
or boxes of equipment as they can be damaged.
5.- DOCUMENTATION:
Permission Form for hot Works.

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4.4.2.- WELDING AND CUTTING PROCEDURE


OBJETIVE
This section defines the procedures and standards for Welding Operations and cut.
1.- SCOPE
This procedure applies to all personnel that the corporate works of Kusi Contratistas
SAC.
2.- DEFINITIONS
ARC WELDING: the use of electricity to fuse metals.
WELDING BY GAS: the use of oxygen and acetylene gases to fuse metals.
CUT: the use of oxygen and acetylene gases to melt or cut metal.
COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS: Containers used to contain gases and liquids
Under pressure such as oxygen and acetylene.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES:
Operations Manager:
- Require and monitor compliance with this work procedure in its entirety.
Field Engineer.
- Check the correct application of this procedure.
From the Supervisor:
Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that arc welding and cutting operations with
oxygen and acetylene are performed in accordance with the procedures of KUSI
CONTRATISTAS S.A.C.
Foremen:
-

Apply this procedure.

From the SSOMA Supervisor Department


- Verify on-site compliance of this procedure.
- Advise the command line on the norms, activities and security needs to be developed.

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4.- PROCEDURES
Generalities
1. All welding and cutting operations within confined spaces require a Confined Space
Work Permit.
2. Personnel performing cutting and welding operations shall use appropriate personal
protective equipment. This includes the helpers and others in the immediate area where
the work is being carried out.
3. Welders will wear approved eye and head protection. People who help the welder will
also wear eye protection.
This means that welders and their assistants will wear a helmet during welding operations
4. Oxygen should never be used as a cleaning agent, to purge tubes or to clean clothing.
5. Soapy solutions are allowed to detect leaks or leaks in hoses and device assemblies.
Oil, grease or other petroleum-based liquids shall not be used.
6. The Project is not allowed to weld and cut containers that were used to store flammable
liquids or other similar substances.
Specifications
Electrical welding equipment, including cable, will meet the requirements of electrical
codes. The welding and cutting practices will comply with the corresponding regulations.

Electricity Codes.
Indeco WS: 2/0 Section 67.4, No. of Wires 1323 Construction 7X7X7 Thread Diameter
0.254 Thickness Cover 3.18, Outer Diameter 18.6, Nominal Weight = 853, Amperage
409Proteccin y equipo contra incendios
In any place where it is being welded, an approved fire extinguisher must be available and
suitable for immediate use.
Shields, shields and other safeguards shall be provided for the protection of personnel,
equipment and materials against sparks, slag, falling objects, arc rays and molten material.

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Areas below operations where welding or cutting Will be surrounded by barriers to


prevent the entry of personnel and equipment.

ARC WELDING
Welding Cables
1. Welded electrical cables that have been hung in an upright position shall be supported
by hooks and other approved systems.
Wire will not be used to support welding cables or other electrical cables.
2. Welding cables or cords crossing a path or roadway shall be protected from damage by
burying or protecting them with wood, conduit or Another similar method.

Welding Machines
1. Welding machines shall not be operated within confined spaces.
2. Welding machines must be grounded.
3. The proper guards will be in place.
4. The portable machine mounted on a trailer or other platform will have the wheels
locked to prevent them from moving while in use.

Welding operations
1. Welding operations shall be surrounded by solid barriers to limit the dispersion of light.
2. In elevated areas where personnel can transit or are working, the production of slag or
molten metal will be controlled.
3. The material used to contain the slag shall be made of a resistant material.
4. Welding within confined spaces requires a permit. Personnel performing these and
other operations within a confined space shall be protected against vapors produced by
welding.

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WELDING AND CUTTING WITH OXYGEN AND ACETYLENE


Device Sets
1. Oxygen and acetylene torch assemblies will have flash guards.
2. Hoses and assemblies of devices used in confined spaces shall be examined for leaks
prior to use in such spaces.
3. Hoses and assemblies of devices that are placed in confined spaces shall be closed and
removed therefrom when not in use.
4. Neither part of hoses or assemblies of devices shall be lubricated with oil or other
product.
5. When the oxygen and acetylene units are not in use, the valves and torch assemblies
will shut down and purge.
6. Acetylene pressure will never exceed 15 pounds per square inch.
7. all equipment will have its return valve.

CILINDROS DE GAS COMPRIMIDO


Generalities.
1. Compressed gas cylinders shall be used, transported and stored in an upright position.
They should not be used to hold cylinders, flags, barrier material, and other materials that
can be easily damaged or cut.
2. When the compressed gas cylinders are not in use, the valves must be closed
completely, without indicators and the cylinder cap in place.
3. During transportation, the indicators will be removed from the cylinders and the lids
will be put on.
4. The cylinders shall not be carried within a confined space.
5. Persons shall not attempt to force or repair defective valves or escape safety devices
on cylinders.
6. Personnel will not attempt to repair or lubricate the cylinder valves. I dont know

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Apply oil, grease or other lubricant or compound to valves or hose connections.


7. All gas cylinders shall be protected against shocks and extreme temperatures.
8. The valve key needed to open the cylinder valves must always be in place in the
acetylene bottles when they are used.

Transport
1. Lifting cylinders from one lift to another will only be done in racks or containers
designed for that purpose. Slings shall not be used to lift cylinders.
2. Gas cylinders that lift with cranes, forklifts, winches and other equipment shall be on
suitable supports and shall never be lifted with rope, chain or magnet slings.
3. A hand truck, fork-lift truck, rolling platform or similar equipment shall be used to
manually transport cylinders in an upright position.
4. Cylinders will not be dropped when being handled or transported. Cylinders shall not
be used as rollers, supports or any purpose other than to contain the contents with which
they were received.
Storage
1. Acetylene cylinders that are in a horizontal position will not be used until enough time
has passed to allow the acetylene inside the cylinder to seat enough to allow gas to form
on top of the bottle.
2. When the cylinders are emptied they shall return to the main
Storage. The cylinders shall not be transported in the horizontal position. The protective
caps must be firmly in place when transported.
3. Oxygen cylinders shall not be stored within a distance of 20 feet of fuel gas cylinders,
unless the Storage areas are separated by a fire wall of at least five feet in height having
a rated resistance at Fire for at least 30 minutes. This barrier must extend sideways for
the entire length of the Storage area.
4. Storage racks and platforms should be made of non-flammable or combustible
materials. "Smoking is prohibited" or "Open fire" signs are posted on the Storage area
site. These areas will have signs indicating the contents of the cylinders.

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5. Cylinders shall not be used or stored when they can come into contact with electricity.

Review
Cylinders will be checked for damage upon receipt or delivery, and frequently during use.
Damaged cylinders will be removed from service immediately.

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4.4.2.- PROCEDURES FOR EXECUTING WORK AT HEIGHT.


OBJETIVE
To establish general norms obligatory for the execution of works that are carried out in
height.
1.- SCOPE:
Applies to all jobs running in height.
2.- DEFINITIONS:
WORK IN HEIGHT
It is defined as work in height, to all those who run at a height above the level of 1.80 mt
of the ground.
RULE: It is a strict obligation to use the safety belt with parachute type harness to perform
any work in height that is greater than 1,80 m. Of the floor level, and any worker caught
in violation of this provision will be severely punished by the Company.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES:
Supervisor and / or foreman:
-

Instruct your staff about this procedure and monitor compliance.

From the SSOMA Supervisor Dept:


-

Verify compliance on the ground.

4.- GENERAL PROCEDURE.


1. Before starting and during the execution of all work tasks or operations to be carried
out in height or to different levels, it will be obliged through the Supervision, to give and
to maintain a complete instruction of safety to respect and method of work safe and
efficient develop. The command line should maintain constant supervision over all work
at height and choose compliance with the standards and methods most suitable for that
work.
2. All work carried out in height, whether structural, on roofs, 1/2 "diameter steel safety
cables with their ends fixed to the existing installation shall be installed in order to allow
personnel Can attach to it the lifeline of its parachute type harness and facilitate its

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movement under safe conditions, said safety line must be attached to its installation by
means of staples, with sufficient tension so that in the event of a fall of a worker its
Displacement is minimal.
3. All safety-type parachute harnesses for work at heights must consist of two piolas (tails
or lifelines) with side loops and one at the back, for displacement and facilitate one
hundred percent the protection against falls, that is, Will keep the piolas moored during
all the time in which the works in height are carried out.
4. Weighing portable tools should be tied to a point of attachment (structural, scaffolding,
etc.).
5. In all work at heights, stairs must be installed to allow staff access. It is strictly
forbidden to transport personnel on material lifting platforms.
6. Any personal protective equipment and equipment to be used in
Height must be previously checked in surface (at ground level) and have the approval of
the line of command in charge of the work, (supervisor or foreman).
7. The use of fiber strings as fastening elements in welding work with torches, oxy-screws
or melted materials, made in height, is forbidden.
8. It is strictly forbidden to leave or store on structural beams, ceilings, unfinished floor
levels, leftover materials, blunts, bolts, nuts, welding rods, tools, etc. By the risk of falling
from higher levels.
9. Any area or immediate level to work at height, should be limited by means of barriers
that prevent the passage of people by them or under them, Warning signs shall be:
DANGER WORK IN HEIGHT RESPONSIBLE PEOPLE.
1. Every worker who has to use a parachute-type harness with a safety belt must be
instructed in advance about the use and inspection of this implement, by the Direct
Supervision or Safety Supervisor
2. It is the responsibility of the command line to comply with and enforce these working
procedures.
3. The worker who is surprised to omit any provision of this procedure will be
immediately removed from his work front.

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4. It shall be the duty of the user and direct supervisor to check daily the state of
conservation of all safety harnesses with their respective belts and safety ropes of their
personnel, to remove from work those that have anomalies such as: pitting, wear or other
defects, Those who have endured the fall of a person or exposed to intense heat lose
resistance and therefore must also be removed.
5. The life belt of the harness must not have knots.
5.- DOCUMENT:
Height Work Permit Form.

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4.5. - TRAINING AND SENSITIZATION AT WORK TRAINING PROGRAM.


OBJETIVE
This element establishes the procedures of orientation and training prior to the entry of all
workers to the initiation of the work, as well as of the new personnel that enters to work
during the development of that one.
PROCESS
All new staff will count for Risk Prevention purposes with the following elements
before entering to perform any type of work within the areas of the work.

Certificate of Medical Examination issued by the Health Center of corresponding


area, in which a screening of infectious diseases, blood type, blood pressure,
vaccines if necessary and any other according to work.

Certificate of police background.

Current professional driver's license (drivers and operators of rolling equipment).

Induction Talk or Safety Orientation dictated by the Safety Advisor or through the
Engineer or Safety Officer of the work.

After the talk is made and better if possible immediately before it, the worker will be
given his personal protective clothing. In case of workers of Sub-contractors they must
go to the Initial Talk carrying their personal protection garments, provided by their
respective companies, otherwise the worker can not enter the work.
The Construction Engineer may order them to be given the protective garments
corresponding to the sub-contractor workers charged against being deducted from the
payments made to the Sub-Contractors companies.
The Applicant's Entry Form will include a questionnaire that will have the character of
an Affidavit in which the applicant will respond if he or she suffers from any type of
epilepsy, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, height or other vertigo that endangers his
life or from other persons.

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TEMARY
The agenda of the orientation course and its duration will be approved by the Risk
Prevention Advisor or based on the Basic Accident Prevention Rules, and the worker must
also sign the attached Compliance Commitment. In addition, a general description of the
work and the risks that they enclose will be made, delivering the corresponding safety
cards according to the activity that the worker will develop.
DOCUMENTATION
Copy of the signed Commitment and Records of Attendance to the Chat of Induction and
Security will be sent to the administrative Office of the work.
SENSITIZATION ELEMENTS
Objetive
Motivate personnel to achieve a better performance of their functions, achieving their
attention and participation in the identification of hazards and operational control.
Elaboration and Exhibition of Posters
Posters and warnings related to the prevention of accidents installed strategically in the
different areas of work.
Mural Publishing and Brochures
Murals and pamphlets where different themes and warnings will be published alluding to the
prevention of risks and environmental management, renewing them monthly. These in turn
will be disseminated in the weekly meetings of work and in those realized by the CTSST.
RECOGNITION AND PROMOTION
Its main objective is to promote a job well done. It is a means that seeks to optimize
results and develop at the same time personal satisfaction for the work or task
performed.
It also considers defining motivational incentives for staff directly related to the
SSOMA Supervisor. To reward the personal or group effort once the progress of the
program has been evaluated.

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4.5.1.- WEEKLY INTEGRAL TALK PROCEDURE


OBJETIVE
Establish a system of training in mandatory field on the issues that the Department of Risk
Prevention deems necessary to train, instruct or reinforce in its workers.
1.- SCOPE
Applies to the entire work.
2.- DEFINITIONS
Does not apply.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES.
From the Resident Engineer
- To control the realization of the integral talks, participating actively in them and giving
subjects.
From the Head of SSOMA Supervisor
-Prepare the topics to be analyzed in the current week, delivering it in a timely manner.
-Participate in the different talks controlling that these develop according to schedule.
- Ask for suggestions to elaborate topics according to need.
Supervisors and foremen
-Impart the corresponding talks to their staff, controlling the attendance and participation
of each one of them.
-Fill the corresponding form, which will keep track of the instruction received by the
workers, keeping it in their files.
4.- PROCESS
1. At the beginning of the work, the Chief of Risk Prevention, with the Operations
Manager and / or Resident Engineer, will designate one day a week for the completion of
the integral talk.

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2. The SSOMA Supervisor Supervisor will select the subject to be presented by


supervisors and / or Security Supervisor, which will be delivered to each specialty one
day in advance.
3. The integral talk will be made at the beginning of the working day.
4. It will have a minimum duration of 30 minutes and will not last more than 60 minutes.
5. All staff of the work, grouped according to specialty, of each one with their respective
supervisors will participate, to which the administration will be incorporated in the
different groups.
6. All participants must sign their attendance on the respective registration form.
5.- DOCUMENTATION:
- Registration Form
- List of Assistance signed by each participating worker, written by the supervisor or the
foreman in charge of staff.
4.5.2.- DAILY CHAT PROCEDURE
OBJETIVE
Establish the obligation for all workers to receive specific safety instructions, in relation
to the work to be performed on the day in progress.
1.- SCOPE:
Aplica a todos los trabajos a realizar.
2.- DEFINITIONS
No Aplica.
3.- RESPONSIBILITIES:
From the Resident Engineer
- Monitor compliance with this provision.
- Participate actively in the minimum 10 minute talks held on the ground.

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From the Head of SSOMA Supervisor


- Control the good development of the accomplishment of talks of minimum 5 minutes in
the work.
- Advise and participate in the talks on a permanent basis.
- To keep the daily control of the talks made, in the corresponding form (SEE ANNEX N
3).
- Quantitative evaluation of chats through registration of compliance indicators
(registration attached)
Supervisors and foremen:
- Organize and direct the talks for 10 min. Minimum of your specialty, with the personnel
that is in your charge.
- Ensure that all its staff participate daily and actively in the Corresponding chats.
- Leave a record of the talk given by completing the corresponding form and keep a copy
in your file.
From the workers:
- Participate actively in all daily talks of 10 minutes minimum that are given in your work
area.
4.- PROCESS
1. The Supervision should organize its personnel in crews in order to obtain greater
participation of the workers.
2. The discussion will analyze the risks and indicate the safety measures to be adopted to
control the risks analyzed, whether equipment, signs, locking cards, personal protection
elements, etc.
3. After the discussion, all workers must sign the attendance record for the talk.
4. The SSOMA Supervisor Supervisor should constantly review the records of chats in
order to detect the problems and concerns in each specialty, as well as to control the
mandatory performance of these.

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5. The Resident Engineer, Supervisor Supervisor SSOMA and others, should actively
participate in the daily chats.
5.- Observations:
-The daily talks, will be mandatory for all areas, whether, work, warehouse, workshops,
administration.
- No worker can start his work without having participated in the daily talk.
6.- Documentation:
- Format of the attendance list must be completed by the relevant supervisor, foreman or
crew chief, and have the participating workers sign a list of attendance.

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4.6 NONCONFORMITY MANAGEMENT- INSPECTIONS AND AUDITS


PROGRAMS
4.6.1 DAILY INSPECTIONS
PURPOSE

Evaluate the safety conditions of the work and take immediate action to correct
the detected deficiencies.

Inform the Work Resident and Workplace Preventer of the deficiencies and
corrective measures applied.

PERIODICITY
Every day according to the inspection role established on site.
Duration: Depending on the area of the sector evaluated, it can be done in an integral way
(the whole work) or by work front.
Participants:
Inspector (Field Engineer / Master Builder / Foreman).
NOTE: The inspection must be carried out by a person instructed in Risk Prevention, who
has sufficient criteria to evaluate the safety conditions of the work and the authority to
arrange for the application of corrective measures as necessary.
PLANNED INSPECTIONS
They are Controls that are carried out weekly in work, issuing the recommendations in
writing, being followed then to the fulfillment of each recommended corrective measure.
SPECIFIC INSPECTIONS
Critical (high-risk) labor inspections are often considered in this activity, and the relevant
recommendations are issued.

PROTECTION EQUIPMENT CONTROL


The existence, use, adaptability, quality and duration of the personal protective clothing
are controlled, so that they are proportioned in a timely and adequate manner.
INTERNAL AUDITS
The Work Risk Preven- tor performs jointly with the Project Manager a monthly audit to
evaluate compliance with work and safety procedures. The results of these audits will be
sent monthly to the Operations Management and to the Department of Risk Prevention.

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EXTERNAL AUDIT
The company's Risk Prevention Department will conduct monthly audits to ensure that
the work complies with safety standards in all of its operations. The result of these
audits will be submitted to the General Management and Operations Management of the
company.
Format of nonconformities (See Annex N 4).
OBJECTIVES AND GOALS
According to OSHAS 18001, in this large block of the specification, the system is
established to check and check periodically, that the implanted system is effective, and
that the required practices and procedures are followed.
For this, there are two types of supervision.
PROACTIVE SUPERVISION:
Depending on the risks detected and the control measures applied, safety inspections,
planned observations, safety checks and devices, health surveillance, etc. should be carried
out. And of course, these activities must be programmed and must be recorded that they
are carried out (registers).
REACTIVE SUPERVISION:
In the event of accidents, incidents, or breaches of the management system implemented
(nonconformities), the system should provide for systematic action to mitigate the
consequences thereof, and the initiation, implementation and Confirmation of the
effectiveness of the corrective and preventive actions taken, to prevent them from
occurring again.
Among the competitive advantages of good management of occupational risk prevention
are:

It provides continuous improvement in management, through the integration of


prevention at all hierarchical and organizational levels, and the use of
methodologies, tools and improvement activities.

It reinforces the motivation of workers, through the creation of a more orderly,


more propitious and more secure place and work environment, and of their

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involvement and participation in prevention-related issues, through the promotion


of a preventive culture.

It provides tools to reduce incidents and accidents at work, and as a consequence,


reduce the expenses they cause.

It avoids the sanctions or paralyzes of the activity, caused by the non-compliance


with the legislation on the prevention of occupational risks (often unknown by the
employers).

It allows you to obtain reductions in the premiums of some related insurance, such
as fire insurance.

It provides a boost to the image of the company in the face of customers, society
and administration, demonstrating the organization's commitment to the safety and
health of workers, in cases where the company chooses to certify its system.

As a final reflection, emphasize that the OHSAS 18001 specification alone is not "the
solution", but rather constitutes a tool, with which companies, with prior commitment by
the Management and with the support of its human teams, and the Help of the scientific
advances and technological means available at present, can manage to efficiently manage
their productive systems and try to reach the objective pursued and desired by all the
parties involved in a company: zero accidents. That is why:

Finish the project with a frequency index (IF) equal to and less than 1.00

Maintain a training index (IC) of more than 1.8 hours for each worker on site

Maintain 85% of compliance with scheduled inspections

Maintain 90% of compliance with scheduled trainings

Close not less than 95% of the NON-conformities detected in the month.

4.7 OBJECTIVES AND GOALS FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN OCCUPATIONAL


SAFETY AND HEALTH
GENERAL OBJECTIVE:
Occupational, health and safety program, of the company, have as objective to
incorporate the workers in a job of permanent analysis, diagnosis and implementation of
action programs, to finally prevent and protect the worker against risk of hazard in the
work place.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

Promote a risk prevention culture.


To prevent contamination, minimizing environmental impact.

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Prevent all kind of injury, labor accident and professional illness.


To dedicate to the promotion of safety as first order in the design, planning and
training.
To establish and check periodically objectives of continuous improving, to see
the compliment of goals related with: quality, environment, safety and
occupational health.
To motivate to the workers and third persons to use permanent safety practice
with quality in daily activities.
To create necessary conditions, for protection of health and physic integrity of
workers and environment preservation giving to all of them a safe and healthy
work place.
Decrease generation of dangerous solid remains.

INDUCTION OF THE CONTROL LINE


We will submit the plan for the Prevention of Risks and will lay the groundwork for its
implementation and enforcement in all stages of the work. In addition, you will define
the responsibilities for compliance with the program, will be carried out the following
topics: Observations of task
- Inspections planned and unplanned
- Risk assessment and tasks
- Elaboration of procedures
- Incident investigation
TALKS BEFORE EACH ACTIVITY
Check the ATS corresponding to each activity to adopt the respective safety measures.
WEEKLY LECTURES
To instruct staff about the working procedures established for special jobs or high-risk,
through the development of 2 or 3 issues arising from the activities scheduled during the
week.
TALKS TO VISITORS
Any outsider to enter the work, you must have a previous chat before going through the
corridors of the work. These talks should be consistent, where will be expressed the
dangers and risks more forceful in accordance to the progress of work and take the
necessary control measures.

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WORK SAFETY COMMITTEE


Evaluate the non-conformity of the work to take corrective measures to carry out the
enforcement of these. In addition, evaluating the performance of subcontractors in the
compliance of the safety plan of work.
Also, with the purpose to assume in a coordinated manner possible emergencies that affect
the work, you must form a committee of emergencies and fire brigades and rescue.
The Emergency Committee will report to the resident labor; that is to say, the chairman of
the committee shall be determined depending on the circumstances the coordination with
the central.

INCIDENT INVESTIGATION
Establish the causes of ocurrence of an accident or incident to take the corrective measures
that prevent repetions. Non-conformities also will be evaluated. Finally the ocurrence of
accidents, incidents and non-conformities will be registered.

AUDIT PLAN
Define the requirements and characteristics of Inspections and System Audits.
Summary Table
#

Objectives OHS

Indicator

goals

Carry out basics

Standard electric panel, electric

Zero accidents

requisite

extensions, clean and orderly warehouse

Efficient hazard and

Competent person on identification of

Zero accidents for

risk control,

hazard and risk control, as well

ignorance

environment aspects

environment aspects. Salver against

overflow, ventilation.
3

Decrease likelihood of

100% work place with signage

Zero incidents for

work incident

100% verification to the equipment,

work conditions.

work tools. Area with tumble risk on


different level with rail and signage.

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Improve the

% of increase on awareness respect past

integration and

year.

1% minimal

performance of
workers
5

Frecuency index

Sum of incidents with lost time on the

0.00 events

month a 1000000 times of it between


work hours in the month.
6

Severity index

1000000 times of lost days in the month

0.00 lost days

between worked hours in the month


7

Performance of the

Monthly evaluation of performance of

leadership

the persons on the line of leadership.

98%

Sum of percents compliment in the


programs

4.8 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN


In the event of an emergency, the emergency alarm will be activated for general
knowledge, and the Site Management and SSOMA Supervisor Dept. will be immediately
notified via radio, under the responsibility of the area supervisor.
In the event of an accident, work is stopped in the committed area, withdrawing personnel,
without moving machinery, tools and / or all those parts involved in the accident.
It will not move to the injured until the arrival of a member of the emergency brigade or
the Security Supervisor on duty (unless the life of the injured person is imminent danger),
which after evaluating the situation, will proceed to due assistance.
The management personnel, Supervision of the work and / or the Supervisor of security of
shift, after evaluating the severity of the injured, communicates what happened to the
Management of Work and Head of Supervisor SSOMAGA, for the transfer of the worker
to the health care center closest. Such communication must be clear and precise stating the
status of the person, location, description of what happened, type of accident, etc.

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RESPONSE TO MEDICAL EMERGENCIES

The first response to unwanted events that endanger the life of a person must be done
without causing greater harm and in the person, but always seek the lesser evil: healthy>
dislocation> fissure> fracture> crippled> death.

GENERAL PRINCIPLES
Keep calm and act quickly ignoring the curious
General examination of the place and state of the victim (flood, electrocution, fractures,
hemorrhages, etc.)
Handle the victim gently and carefully.
Reassure the injured by encouraging him (yes he is aware)
Give notice asking for help (hold someone accountable for their name) indicating the
most information.
Do not remove the injured person unless his life is in danger (fire, electrocution).
Control of bleeding and breathing takes precedence.
If there is a loss of knowledge, never drink.
Cover the wound so it does not get cold.
If you have the conditions to move it, do it carefully (immobilization, rigid stretcher, etc.)
Take facts and news.
ACCIDENT WITH LIGHT INJURY
It is an accident in which the injuries are not more serious, such as cuts without excessive
bleeding, minor strokes, minor falls, etc.
The injured person will be evaluated by the person responsible for first aid and then the
physical condition of the injured person will be evaluated to determine if he can continue
working.
A security report will be drawn up, including a report indicating the cause and staff
involved, drawing up guidelines so that the accident does not repeat.

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ACCIDENT WITH SERIOUS INJURY


An accident with a serious injury, such as drowning, asphyxia, heavy bleeding, burns
greater than 10%, fall with loss of consciousness, multi-trauma will be treated as follows:
The injured person will be treated at the scene of the accident, providing life support.
Call the ambulance to transfer you to the nearest hospital or clinic.
After stabilizing the injured, it should be transferred to the first aid topic until the arrival
of the ambulance. If the injured person has spinal injuries that could be aggravated as a
result of the transfer, attend to him at the accident site.
A security report will be drawn up, including a report indicating the cause and personnel
involved, drawing up guidelines so that the accident does not repeat.

QUASI ACCIDENT
Est definido por la ocurrencia de un incidente que no produce lesin fsica o dao
material a la infraestructura de la obra. El cuasi accidente no resulta en un accidente con
lesiones solo por efectos del azar.

Se realizara una charla extraordinaria, procurando una toma de conciencia por parte del
personal, enfatizando las consecuencias que hubieran podido acontecer.
Informar al departamento de seguridad para su conocimiento, va una boleta e informe.

4.5.2

PROCEDURE IN CASE OF CASES AND DISASTERS

CONFLAGRATION
1. Any person who has the possibility of a fire occurring within his work or areas, also
receives specific talks about the handling of fire extinguishers (carpenter's bank,
electricians, fuel operators, warehousemen, etc.).
2. These brigades receive preparation (theoretical and practical) of fire fighting, fire
theory, forms of propagation, extinction methods, etc. By specialized personnel
(firemen). These talks are archived with the clear explanation of the issues developed
with their respective procedures.
3. A fire emergency is combated, only and exclusively if after the corresponding
evaluation it is verified that the possibilities of facing it are possible. You do not risk the
integrity of a person by trying to stifle a fire out of control.

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4. Produced a fire emergency, it communicates immediately screaming FIRE three times,


to put in alert the personnel, immediately communicating via radio to the Supervisor of
security of shift.
5. Immediately, the person closest to the extinguisher proceeds to take it to the area in
sinister and to use it (or deliver it to the person with knowledge of use) following the
instructions received in its preparation.
6. The direction of the wind must always be taken into account in order to be able to face
the fire with the wind in favor. NEVER work with the wind against.
7. The use of the fire extinguisher is carried out following the following steps:

Break the plastic safety seal (just turn it clockwise or anti-clockwise and pull it).

Remove the safety pin.

Take the dust ejection hose near the outlet pin to prevent pressure whipping.

Stand about 3-4 meters from the fire.

Press the upper trigger, directing the jet towards the base of the fire.

Direct fan-jet to extinguish fire completely.

8. After the fire is extinguished, it should be noted that in the work of extinguishing, the
dust carries out a work of suffocation, reason for which remain embers and residues that
must be kept in mind to avoid being burned by the effect of said residues, Must also
control the possibility of resignation.
9. After completion of the extinguishing work, the SSOMA Supervisor Dept is informed
of the work and warehouse for the replacement of said fire extinguisher.
10. Any use of any extinguishing equipment, in part or in part, requires the removal of
such equipment and its respective replacement.
11. The description of the occurrence of use of the extinguisher must be made, indicating
the reason (causes).
EARTHQUAKE
1. All construction personnel receive a specific talk about earthquakes.
2. All personnel within the offices will be directed to the security zone located outside.
3. As far as field staff are concerned, the location is assessed: From being at the top of a
slope:

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Stand sideways in such a way that you have vision on the lower and upper parts
for possible detachment of stones.

Remove from the edge of the slope, avoiding falling or rolling due to possible
material displacement.

Produced some displacement, being compromised in it, lie on the ground - mouth
above - with the arms extended to try to move together with the material avoiding
with the possible obstacles obstacles.

If you are in the lower part of a mountain slope or foot:

He leaves the area as quickly as possible trying to be in a clear area.

At all times stay alert for possible falling stones.

Of finding himself performing works of height:

Stay in your secured location with your safety harness.

Such a harness must at all times be secured to a rigid structure.

After the earthquake has ended, and if it is a large proportion, proceed down to
evaluate the elements.

Go to the meeting point of all staff, reporting to your supervisor and informing
any news.

From being on a platform:

Stay calm, and stay in the workplace until the end of the earthquake.

4. After completion of the seismic movement, each foreman gathers his staff, verifies
that all meet without any news and informs his supervisor on duty.
5. In case any person has suffered any injury, he will notify his foreman who in turn will
inform the Safety Supervisor of the shift, who will verify the magnitude of the injury
and proceed to the evaluation and take action due.
6. In case, after the verification of the personnel by the foreman, a person is missing,
proceed to immediately report the fact to the Supervisor Dept. SSOMAGA which will
arrange the search for the missing staff.

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5. MONITORING AND CONTROL MECHANISM


The surveillance and control of the health and safety at work, it allows on a regular basis
to assess the results achieved in the field of safety and health. For this BUILDING
maintains a constant monitoring and measuring the results through the Panel of security
indicators.

All workers must carry with a medical certificate, indicating their current
physical conditions and psychological.

Should be informing all the workers on the requirements of this report.

Train, through constant talks and audits on the existing hazards in each activity.

Permanent perform inspections in the different activities to verify the compliance


of the corresponding control measures.

Review the matrix Hire

Report incidents or accidents to the headquarters.

Report if any worker takes any disease due to the activities.

Register the non-conformities that arise at work.

Complement what happened with audits to avoid repeating the same flaws.

Do statistics on accidents occurring periodically (see table below):

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ANNEXES

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APPENDAGE N1- HIRADC

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APPENDAGE N2- RISK MAP

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APPENDAGE N3-DAILY OHS MEETING RECORD

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APPENDAGE N4 - ATS

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APPENDAGE N4 Fill out the Demolition and / or Excavation Work Permit


form

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APPENDAGE N5 - Format of nonconformities

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