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E ect of Uni catio

November 28-December 8
28
Malama Hoe
Kanawai

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Rebuilding
Resources

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Pearl Harbor

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Establishing A
Monarchy

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Keeping the Peace

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Making Historical
Connections

*Unit Quiz*

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Unit Review

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Pearl Harbor

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Unit Test

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Data Tracking

Name: _________________________

Homeroom:_______________
i Packe i Du

ursda December 8!

Lesso 1: Monda November 28

LEARNING TARGET:
1. I can explain the Law of the Splintered Paddle, and describe its relevance in Kamehamehas rule

DO NOW: If you were Kamehameha, and you had just unified the Hawaiian Islands, what are some steps that you
would take to make your new nation a successful one?

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Kanawa Mamal Ho T -Dependen Question

Answer the following questions in complete sentences. Make sure you are restating the question
in your answer.

1. Summarize the story in your own words. What happens? What is the outcome?

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2. What does Kanawai Malamahoe mean?

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3. What does the law do?

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4. How did Kamehameha get the idea for this new law?

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Kanawa Mamal Ho R.A.F.T.

When given a R.A.F.T. assignment, its important empathize with your character. Try to put
yourself in their shoes! Think as they think, feel as they feel, and write as they would write.

Role: Kamehameha
Audience: His Unified Hawaiian Kingdom
Format: Speech
Topic: Why did you decide to introduce this new law, even though its not favorable to your position as an alii?
Be sure to include the story of the Splintered Paddle and how this factored into your decision.

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Lesso 2: Tuesda November 29

LEARNING TARGET:
1. I can explain what resources Kamehameha helped to rebuild and why

DO NOW: War often causes destruction. What are some actions that might need to be taken in the wake of
(directly after) a war?

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Lesso 3:

ursda December 1

LEARNING TARGET:
1. I can identify what a monarchy is and why Kamehameha chose that for the form of government for
Hawaii.

DO NOW: If you could start your own nation, what type of government would you choose to create?

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E ect of Uni catio : Establishin

Monarch

After the unificationoftheislandsKamehamehasnexttaskwastodecidewhattypeof


government he and his people would abide by. Kamehameha decided on a type of
monarchy, he had decided on an absolute monarchy.

AfterthebattleofNuuanu,Kamehamehasgreattaskwastouniteandimprovehisnew
kingdom. He based his government largely on the old Hawaiian land system. He
rewarded his main chiefs with grants of land. They collected taxes in the traditional
way, receiving food and other gifts from the commoners.

In 1796, Kamehameha gathered his canoes at Waianae and set forthtoconquerKauai.


In midchannel, a great storm sank many of his canoes and forced him to give up the
attempt. Several months later, hequicklysmashedarevoltthatbrokeoutontheisland
of Hawaii.

This was Kamehamehas last important military action. Now he was free totakeonhis
new role as an administrator. He kept some of the more restless chiefs near hiscourt.
He made others, whom he trusted completely, governors of the various islands. John
Young became governor of the island of Hawaii. Keeaumoku becamegovernorofMaui.
At court, Kamehameha depended greatly on the powerful Kona chiefs and their sons
and on Kalanimoku, the iron cable of Hawaii. Kalanimokus ability led admiring
English sailors to name him after their own prime minister, William Pitt. They called
Kalanimoku Billy Pitt.

The king strictly enforced the kapu system, believing that it strengthened his control.
One of his first projects was to rebuild his war-torn land. He set his people to work
terracing hills, banking up taro patched, digging long irrigation ditches, and building
fishponds. Thekinghimselftookanactivepartinthesepublicworks.CaptainArchibald
Campbell, in his description of Hawaii about 1810, mentions seeingKamehamehadeep
in the mud of a taro patch:

This mode of culture is particularly laborious, and in alltheoperationsthoseengagedarealmostconstantlyup


to the middle in mud I haveoftenseenthekingworkinghardinataropatch.Iknownotwhetherthiswasdone
with a view of setting an example of industry to his subjects.Suchexertioncouldscarcelybethoughtnecessary
among these islanders who are certainly the most industrious people I ever saw.

The Last Days of Kamehameha

In 1811, Kamehameha set forth on a tour of his kingdom, starting with the islandofHawaii.Ontheway,however,
his schooner KeouasprangaleakandhadtoreturntoHonolulu.Fromthere,CaptainWinshiptookthekingonhis
shiptoKealakekuaBay,whereKamehamehastayedforashorttime.HethenvisitedMauiandMolokai,wherehe
organized the system of collecting taxes and inspired his subjects to improve their farming methods.

Queen Keopuolani bore Kamehameha two more children. (Their first child, Liholiho, who would become
Kamehameha II, was born in 1796 or 1797.) The second son, born around 1814, was Kauikeaouli. The daughter,
Nahienaena, was born in 1815. Kauikeaouli later succeeded Liholiho as Kamehameha III.

During the last seven years of his life, Kamehameha spent most of his time in the settlement at Kailua on the
Kona coast of the Big Island. He died there on May 8, 1819.

Although by uniting the islandsandbringingthempeacehepreparedthewayforthemissionaries,heknewlittle


of Christian beliefs. If he had lived one more year, he would have met the first group of missionaries from New
England. He would probably not have welcomed their efforts to destroy the old ways. To the very end, he held
firmly to the old kapu and theworshipoftheHawaiiangods.Aslateas18181,heorderedthedeathsofthreemen
for minor violations of the kapu. Yet, when wewasdying,hewouldnotallowprieststoperformhumansacrifices
to speed his recovery.

The funeral ritesfollowedtheancientcustoms.The


most important part of the ceremony was the
disposal of the dead kings bones. This act was
called hunakele, which means to hide in secret.
The friend chosen to ensure that Kamehamehas
remains would never betouchedwasChiefHoapili.
He hid them, with the help of Hoolulu. Tothisday,
no one knows where the bones were deposited.
There is a story that years later, Kamehameha III,
on a visit to Kailua, persuaded Hoolulu to show
him the spot. They began their journey to the hills
together, but when Hoolulu saw that they were
being followed, he turned back. Today, only the
stars of the heavens know the resting place of
Kamehameha.

Establishin A Monarch T

-Dependen Question

Answer the following questions in complete sentences. Make sure you are restating the question
in your answer.

1. What is a monarchy? What is a monarch?

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2. What is an absolute monarchy?

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3. Who was the first monarch of Hawaii?

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4. Why did King Kamehameha think that the Kapu System was so important?

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5. How did King Kamehameha spend his last days?

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6. Why was it so important to hunakele King Kamehamehas bones?

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Opinion Questions: For the questions below, answer in at least THREE sentences using
your reading as evidence.

8. Why do you think King Kamehameha decided to start an absolute monarchy? What are some
advantages he gained by creating an absolute monarchy?

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9. What do you think would have happened if he chose a different form of government (like a
democracy)?

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10. What kind of king was Kamehameha? Make sure to use creative adjectives to describe his
reign. Provide a quote from the test to support your answer.

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Lesso 4: Frida December 2

LEARNING TARGET:
1. I can explain why Kamehameha took the actions he did to restore his kingdom after the unification

DO NOW: If you were the leader of a country, what would be the first law you passed?

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Kamehameh New Articl

Youre the reporter. As a reporter, youre givenashortnewsbrie ngbasedonwhichyouwillbeparticipatingin


apressconferencewithKingKamehameha.Askhard-hittingquestionsifyouarecalledon(questionsthatwill
pressure King Kamehameha). Be sure to focus on his intentions or purposes for making the decisions that he
did. You want to peek inside the mind of King Kamehameha and then inform newspaper readers of what you
discover. Read the news brie ng below, and then brainstorm some questions youd like to ask once the news
conference begins.

News Brie ng:

After he unified the islands, Kamehameha strengthened his control by strictly enforcing the kapu system.
Kamehameha also began to organize his government to maintain the peace.

He made captured chiefs part of his government. By making them a part of the government, the chiefs would
keep their power and help make sure the people followed the kapu. Kamehameha kept some of the restless
chiefs near his court.

He made people he trusted complete governorsofthevariousislands.Forexample,JohnYoungbecamegovernor


of Hawai`i and Ke`eaumoku became governor of Maui. The governors watched over the chiefs and regularly
reported back to Kamehameha to get orders or give progress reports.

AllofthesedecisionshelpedKamehameharulehisentirekingdomfromoneplace.Eventhoughhecouldntbeon
all the islands at once, he was still abletomakesurepeoplefollowedthekapuandobeyedthecommandsofthe
ali`i.

Possible Questions: What questions will you ask King Kamehameha in order to gure out his decision-making
process?

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Your readers are dying to know what Kamehamehas reasoning was for the decisions that he made. The
newspaper youre working for wants an article that is 2 paragraphs.

1. They are asking for the first paragraph to summarize the decisions that Kamehameha made.
2. In the second paragraph, describe Kamehamehas reasons for making these decisions. Make sure to be
creative and write with style!

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Lesso 5: Monda December 5

LEARNING TARGET:
1. I can compare and contrast historical events
2. I can understand the interaction between different events and time periods

DO NOW: Imagine you are a nurse, and a soldier from the opposing countrys army came in wounded. Do you think
it is your job to help them? Why or why not?

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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

In 1859 Henri Dunant, a Swiss citizen, witnessed theaftermanoftheBattleofSolferinoandwashorrifiedbythe


sight of thousands of wounded soldiers lying helpless and abandoned with no one to care for them. This
experience led himtosuggestthesettingupofvoluntaryreliefsocietieswhocouldbetrained,duringpeacetime,
to care for the wounded in times of war. He also called foraninternationalagreementtobedrawnuptoprotect
the wounded, and those who lookedafterthem,fromfurtherattack.In1863,HenriDunantarrangedanunofficial
international conference at which it was agreed that each country should form a relief organisation capable of
assisting the Army Medical Services in wartime. This was how the Red Cross began.

In 1864 governments were invited to send representatives to a diplomatic conference. As a result 12 European
nations signed a treaty stating that in future wars they would care for all sick and wounded military personnel,
regardless of nationality. They would also recognize the neutrality of medical personnel, hospitals and
ambulances identified by the emblem of a red cross on a white background. The treaty was called the Geneva
Convention. This Convention was concerned only with soldiers wounded on the battlefield. Over the years,
however, it has been expanded to cover everyone caught up in conflicts but not actually takinganactivepartin
the fighting.

There are now four Geneva Conventions, which were drawn up in 1949. They cover armed forces on land and at
sea, prisoners of war, and civilians. And all ofthemhavenowbeenacceptedbyvirtuallyeveryStateintheworld.
Britain ratified the four Conventions in 1957. In addition, two newProtocols(additions)weredrawnupin1977at
a diplomatic conference (attended by Britain).

CONTENT

The Conventions are long and complicated, but they areessentiallyaseriesofdosanddontstoapplyduring


conflict to protect vulnerable and defenseless individuals. Their underlying principles can be simply stated.

The human dignity of all individuals must be respected at all times. Everything possible must be done, without
anykindofdiscrimination,toreducethesufferingofpeoplewhohavebeenputoutofactionbysickness,wounds
or captivity whether or not they have taken direct part in the conflict.

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Directions: Compare and contrast the Geneva Convention and Malama Hoe Kanawai. What is similar and
different about the two laws.

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1. What are some important differences you noticed between the Geneva Convention and Malama Hoe Kanawai?
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2. What are some important similarities you noticed between the Geneva Convention and Malama Hoe Kanawai?
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3. Do you think that laws like the Geneva Convention and Malama Hoe Kanawai are important? What do you think
would happen if we didnt have them?
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Uni catio Uni Stud Guid


1.

a).What is Mamala Hoe Kanawai? What does it mean in English?


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b). What is the laws purpose?
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c). What made this law revolutionary?


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d). How did Kamehameha get the idea for this law?
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2.

a). When Kamehameha finally united all of the islands, many resources needed to be rebuilt. Why?
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b). What specific resources were rebuilt?


Resource 1: ____________________________________

Resource 2: _____________________________________

Resource 3: _____________________________________
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c). What would the consequences of not rebuilding these resources be?
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3.

a). When Kamehameha unified the islands, what type of government did he create? Who holds the power in this
government, and how are successors chosen?
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b). What are the positives of this form of government? What are the negatives?
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4.

Once he became king, what are some ways that Kamehameha kept the peace within his new nation?
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