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MATHEMATICS

ALGEBRA
CE LICENSURE EXAMINATION PROBLEMS
ALGEBRA

DIVISION OF POLYNOMIALS
5.

If 3x3 4x2y + 5xy2 + 6y3 is divided by x2 2xy +3y2, the


remainder is: (N97 M 4)
a.
1
c.
2
b.
0
d.
3

6.

If 4y3 + 8y + 18y2 4 is divided by 2y + 3, the remainder is: (N97


M 22)
a.
12
c.
13
b.
11
d.
10

7.

Find the remainder when 2x3 4x2 is divided by x + 3. (M99 M 1)


a.
-90
c.
120
b.
60
d.
-75

8.

When the expression x4 + ax3 + 5x2 + bx + 6 is divided by x 2,


the remainder is 16. When it is divided by x + 1, the remainder is
10. What is the value of the constant a? (N03 M 3)
a.
-5
c.
7
b.
-9
d.
8

NUMBERS
1.

Which of the following is not a prime number? (M01 M 12)


a.
109
c.
77
b.
107
d.
79

SIGNIFICANT FIGURES
2.

Round off 108.288886 to four significant figures. (N03 M 2)


a.
108.2889
c.
108.2
b.
108.3
d.
108.2888

EXPONENTS
3.

Find the value of x in (35)(96) = 32x. (N02 M 1)


a.
8.5
c.
9.5
b.
9
d.
8

BINOMIAL EXPANSION
RATIONALIZATION
4.

9.

Find the 6th term in the expansion of: (N96 M 9)

Rationalize the following: (M00 M 16)


a

a.

a ab
a.

1 b
1+b

c.

a a b
ab

b.

a + a b
ab

d.

1+ b
1b

b.
10.

------- 1 -------

16
1
3
2a

22113
256a11

c.

22113
128a11

d.

66339
256a11

66339
128a11

Determine the sum of the numerical coefficients in the expansion


of (a + b)8. (M02 M 29)
a.
128
c.
256
b.
512
d.
1024

MATHEMATICS
ALGEBRA
11.

What is the sum of the numerical coefficients of the expansion of


(a + b)6. (M03 M 2)
a.
64
c.
79
b.
65
d.
74

15.

Compute the value of x from the given determinant: (N96 M 2)

x=

COMPLEX NUMBERS
12.

13.

The expression 3 + 4i is a complex number. Compute its absolute


value. (M94 M 5)
a.
3
c.
5
b.
4
d.
6

16.

Find the value of x in the equation (x + yi)(1 2i) = 7 4i. (M03


M 4)
a.
1
c.
4
b.
3
d.
2

MATRIX
14.

a.
b.

[ ]

[ ]

C=

3 6
4 1

1 2
0 -5

, elements of matrix

2
2
0
4

3
1
1
5
c.
d.

-28
28

What is the value of the determinant whose elements are shown


below?
1
5
-2
2
1
-3
3
-2
1
a.
-44
c.
-46
b.
-42
d.
-48

17.

Find the value of y in the following equations: (N95 M 8)


3x 2y + w = 11
x + 5y 2w = -9
2x + y 3w = -6
a.
2
c.
-2
b.
-1
d.
1

18.

Find the value of w in the following equations: (M97 M 14)


3x 2y + w = 11
x + 5y 2w = -9
2x + y 3w = -6
a.
1
c.
2
b.
3
d.
4

Find the elements of the product of the two matrices, matrix BC.
(M96 M 21)

b.

-1
0
3
2

SYSTEM OF EQUATIONS

Elements of matrix B =

a.

26
-26

4
2
10
14

[
[

11 8
-20 -5
15 9
-22 4

]
]

c.
d.

[
[

12 10
20 -4
15 15
-17 -6

]
]

------- 2 -------

MATHEMATICS
ALGEBRA
19.

Solve for the sum of A, B, and C from the following equations:


(N01 M 23)
2A 2B + 3C = 24
A + 3B 2C = -15
3A + 4B + 3C = -2
a.
2
c.
-5
b.
4
d.
1

24.

What is the value of x in logx 625 = 4? (N95 M 14)


a.
3
c.
5
b.
4
d.
6

25.

Log6 845 =? (N97 M 19)


a.
5.912
b.
4.348

The logarithms of the quotient and the product of two numbers are
0.352182518 and 1.556302501, respectively. Find the first number.
(M98 M 3)
a.
11
c.
9
b.
10
d.
12

27.

The logarithm of the quotient of two numbers is -0.066946789


while the logarithm of their product is 1.62324929. Determine the
first number. (N98 M 2)
a.
3
c.
4
b.
6
d.
5

C
B
+
x+3
x2
Dx + E
x2 + 2

28.

Solve for y if y = ln

-4
2

29.

Find the value of A in the equation: (M96 M 17)


B (2x + 2)
C
x2 + 4x + 10
A
= x +
+
2
2
3
2
x + 2x + 5
x + 2x + 5
x + 2x + 5x
a.
b.

21.

2
-2

-1/2
1
/2

c.
d.

Solve for B in the given partial fraction: (N00 M 23)


x4 15x3 32x2 12x 14
A
=
+
x+1
(x + 1)(x 2)(x + 3)(x2 + 2)
+
a.
b.

1
-3

c.
d.

3.761
6.348

26.
PARTIAL FRACTIONS
20.

c.
d.

LOGARITHMS

a.
b.

30.

22.

If loga 10 = 0.25, what is the value of log10 a? (M94 M 9)


a.
2
c.
6
b.
5
d.
4

23.

Log M log N is equal to: (N94 M 7)


a.
log MN
c.
b.
log (M N)
d.

ex
x2

. (N99 M 6)

1
2

Log8 975 = x. Find x. (M00 M 7)


a.
3.31
b.
4.12

c.
d.

3
4

c.
d.

5.17
2.87

If logx 12 = 2.262, find the value of logx 3. (M03 M 1)


a.
0.75
c.
0.5
b.
0.25
d.
1.0

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION
log (M/N)
log (N M)

31.

------- 3 -------

How many terms of the progression 3, 5, 7 must be in order that


their sum will be 2,600? (M94 M 2)
a.
60
c.
51
b.
50
d.
48

MATHEMATICS
ALGEBRA
32.

How many terms of the progression 3, 5, 7, 9 must be taken in


order that their sum will be 2,600? (N94 M 1)
a.
49
c.
48
b.
50
d.
47

33.

What is the sum of the progression 4, 9, 14, 19 up to the 20th


term? (M95 M 1)
a.
1045
c.
1030
b.
1035
d.
1040

34.

Which of the following numbers should be changed to make all the


numbers form an arithmetic progression when properly arranged?
(M97 M 9)
27
/14, 33/28, 45/28, and 20/14
27
45
a.
/14
c.
/28
33
20
b.
/28
d.
/14

35.

The sum of the progression 5, 8, 11, 14 is 1,025. How many


terms are there? (N97 M 2)
a.
22
c.
23
b.
25
d.
24

36.

37.

38.

There are seven arithmetic means between 3 and 35. Find the sum
of all the terms. (M98 M 2)
a.
169
c.
167
b.
171
d.
173
There are nine arithmetic means between 11 and 51. The sum of
the progression is: (M99 M 2)
a.
279
c.
376
b.
341
d.
254
Find the 25th term of the progression 11, 14, 17. (N99 M 1)
a.
83
c.
98
b.
74
d.
64

39.

P36,000 is to be divided among Arturo, Bernardo, and Caloy such


that their shares, in the same order, form an arithmetic progression.
Bernardos share is three times that of Arturos. How much is
Bernardos share? (N02 M 4)
a.
P6,000
c.
P18,000
b.
P12,000
d.
P10,000

GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION
40.

In a benefit show, a number of wealthy men agreed that the first


one to arrive would pay 10 centavos to enter and each later arrival
would pay twice as much as the preceding man. The total amount
collected from all of them was P104,857.50. How many wealthy
men paid? (N94 M 2)
a.
20
c.
25
b.
15
d.
30

41.

The numbers 28, x + 2, 112 form a geometric progression. What


is the 10th term? (M95 M 2)
a.
13,312
c.
16,336
b.
14,336
d.
15,336

42.

Find the sum of the series 3, 12, 48, up to the 9th term. (N99 M
23)
a.
223,614
c.
234,612
b.
346,212
d.
262,143

43.

There are four geometric means between 3 and 729. Find the
fourth term. (M00 M 6)
a.
81
c.
243
b.
27
d.
9

44.

The geometric mean of two numbers is 8 and their arithmetic mean


is 17. What is the first number? (N00 M 22)
a.
45
c.
32
b.
36
d.
48

------- 4 -------

MATHEMATICS
ALGEBRA
45.

A and B are positive numbers.


progression. 14, A, B form an
value of A. (M03 M 3)
a.
6
b.
9

A, -4, B form a geometric


arithmetic progression. Find the

RELATIONS
50.

c.
d.

8
7

X is 12% older than Y while Y is 11% older than Z. By how much,


in percent, is X older than Z? (N02 M 3)
a.
25.43
c.
24.32
b.
21.78
d.
23.66

INFINITE GEOMETRIC PROGRESSION


PROPORTION
46.

47.

Determine the sum of the infinite geometric series of 1 1/5 + 1/25


+ ? (M98 M 11)
5
4
a.
/7
c.
/6
4
5
b.
/5
d.
/6
Find the sum of the infinite geometric series of 16 + 4 + 1 + 1/4 +
. (N98 M 30)
87
65
a.
/4
c.
/3
64
86
b.
/3
d.
/4

51.

CLOCK PROBLEMS
52.

In how many minutes after 2:00 oclock will the hands of the clock
extend in opposite directions for the first time? (M95 M 3)
a.
42.636
c.
40.636
b.
41.636
d.
43.636

53.

How many minutes after 7:00 oclock will the hands of a clock
directly opposite each other for the first time? (N95 M 5)
a.
5.173
c.
5.454
b.
5.273
d.
5.164

54.

In how many minutes after 3:00 pm will the minute hand of the
clock coincide with the hour hand? (M97 M 25)
a.
17.273
c.
16.364
b.
18.182
d.
15.455

HARMONIC PROGRESSION
48.

What is the value of x in the harmonic progression 1, 1/5, 1/9, 1/x,?


(N02 M 2)
a.
10
c.
11
b.
12
d.
13

A line in a map was drawn at a scale of 1:25000. An error of 0.02


mm in the drawing is equivalent to how many meters in actual?
(N00 M 20)
a.
5m
c.
0.05 m
b.
0.5 m
d.
50 m

SERIES
49.

The sum of the first n terms of a series is 3n+2 6. Find the fifth
term of the series. (M01 M 22)
a.
1434
c.
1458
b.
1442
d.
1426

------- 5 -------

MATHEMATICS
ALGEBRA
WORK PROBLEMS
55.

A job could be done by eleven workers in 15 days. Five workers


started the job. They were reinforced with four more workers at the
beginning of the 6th day. Find the total number of days it took them
to finish the job. (N98 M 23)
a.
23.22
c.
22.36
b.
20.56
d.
21.42

56.

Twenty men can finish a job in 30 days. Twenty-five men started


the job. If ten men quitted the job after 18 days, find the total
number of days to finish the job. (N99 M 25)
a.
27
c.
26
b.
28
d.
29

57.

Twenty-eight persons can do a job in 60 days. They all start


complete. Five persons quitted the job at the beginning of the 16th
day. They were reinforced with 10 persons at the beginning of the
45th day. How many days was the job delayed? (N00 M 1)
a.
5.78 days
c.
1.97 days
b.
1.14 days
d.
2.45 days

60.

At 2:00 pm, an airplane takes off at 340 mph on an aircraft carrier.


The aircraft carrier moves due south at 25 kph in the same
direction as the plane. At 4:05 pm, the communication between the
plane and the aircraft carrier was lost. Determine the
communication range in miles between the plane and the carrier.
(M99 M 3)
a.
656 miles
c.
557 miles
b.
785 miles
d.
412 miles

61.

A man walks from his house to the office. If he leave at 8:00


oclock and walk at the rate of 2 kph, he will arrive 3 minutes
earlier, but if he leave at 8:30 and walk at 3 kph, he will arrive 6
minutes late. What time should he arrive in the office? (M01 M 10)
a.
9:06 oclock
c.
8:54 oclock
b.
9:32 oclock
d.
8:43 oclock

62.

A man walks from his house to the office. If he leave at 8:00


oclock and walk at the rate of 2 kph, he will arrive 3 minutes
earlier, but if he leave at 8:30 and walk at 3 kph, he will arrive 6
minutes late. Find the distance from his house to his office. (N01
M 22)
a.
2.1 km
c.
2.4 km
b.
1.8 km
d.
1.4 km

MOTION PROBLEMS
58.

59.

An airplane, flying with the wind, took 2 hours to travel 1000 km


and 2.5 hours in flying back. What was the wind velocity in kph?
(N94 M 3)
a.
30
c.
50
b.
70
d.
60
A boat takes 2/3 as much time to travel downstream from C to D, as
to return. If the rate of the rivers current is 8 kph, what is the
speed of the boat in still water? (M98 M 20)
a.
40 kph
c.
41 kph
b.
38 kph
d.
39 kph

PERMUTATION
63.

If nP5 = 6nP3, what is the value of n? (M02 M 3)


a.
7
c.
1
b.
8
d.
6

COMBINATION
64.

------- 6 -------

How many combinations consisting of 4 digits can be made using


the digits from 0 to 9? (N01 M 12)
a.
210
c.
120
b.
360
d.
420

MATHEMATICS
ALGEBRA
PROBABILITY
65.

How many four-digit numbers can be formulated by the use of


digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7 if one digit is used only once. (N95 M 7)
a.
260
c.
480
b.
380
d.
360

66.

A bag contains 3 white and 5 black balls. If two balls are drawn in
succession without replacement, what is the probability that both
balls are black? (M96 M 4)
5
5
a.
/28
c.
/32
5
5
b.
/16
d.
/14

67.

How many 4-digit numbers can be formed, without repeating any


digit, from the following digits 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6. (N96 M 30)
a.
150
c.
120
b.
140
d.
130

68.

A face of a coin is either head or tail. If three coins are tossed, what
is the probability of getting three tails? (N98 M 18)
1
1
a.
/8
c.
/4
1
1
b.
/2
d.
/6

------- 7 -------