Surveying

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Surveying

© All Rights Reserved

Als DOC, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- Solution Manual Surveying Principles
- Review Questions in Surveying
- Surveying
- 22. Surveying and Transportation Engineering
- 345 Solved Seismic Design Problems - Majid Baradar
- Lecture 1 - Curves (Simple & Compound).pdf
- SURVEYING.pdf
- Surveying
- Past board exam
- Review Civil Engineering
- Surveying Exams Part 1
- Seismic Principles Practice Exams
- Common Formulas in Civil Engineering
- Civil Engineering Reference - Volume 2 By DIT Gillesania
- Survey Questions and Problems
- Ce Refresher
- Reversed Curves
- Calculator Techniques Redefined
- Seismic Practice Exams
- Reversed Curve

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SURVEYING

CE LICENSURE EXAMINATION PROBLEMS

SURVEYING

CORRECTIONS IN TAPING

5.

Using a 50-m tape that is 0.02 m too long, the measured distance

from A to B is 160.42 m. What is the correct distance from A to B?

(N94 M 25)

a.

160.484 m

c.

160.4 m

b.

160.356 m

d.

160.44 m

6.

measured using a 100-m tape that was 0.04 m too short. Compute

the error in the area in sq. m. (M95 M 25)

a.

18.0036

c.

11.9984

b.

12.0016

d.

17.9964

7.

used is 0.01 m too short, what is the correct distance in meters?

(M96 M 19)

a.

165.299

c.

165.167

b.

165.365

d.

165.233

8.

pull correction in mm if during measurement the applied pull is 40

N. The tape has a cross sectional area of 3.18 mm2 and a modulus

of elasticity E = 200 GPa. (N96 M 29)

a.

-7

c.

-6

b.

-4

d.

-5

9.

tape that is 0.025 m too long is used to measure EF, what will be

the measured distance in meters? (N97 M 21)

a.

212.765

c.

213.447

b.

212.659

d.

213.553

10.

measured using a steel tape that has a standard length at 20 C with

a coefficient of thermal expansion of 0.0000116 / C. If the correct

distance from E to F is 836.5 m, what is the measured distance in

meters? (M98 M 23)

a.

835.675

c.

836.005

b.

836.335

d.

836.665

PACING

1.

2.

pacing:

First distance = 100 m

No. of paces: 142, 145, 143, 146.5

Second distance = ?

No. of paces: 893.5, 896, 891.5, 897

Find the second distance in meters. (N98 M 4)

a.

620

c.

630

b.

650

d.

640

A student recorded the following number of paces after walking a

distance of 50 m repeatedly as 71.5, 72.0, 70.0, and 69.5. He

wanted to measure the distance between two points C and D. He

recorded the following number of paces from C to B or back as

465, 468, 463, and 460. What is the distance from C to D? (N02 M

28)

a.

328 m

c.

462 m

b.

378 m

d.

421 m

CHAINING

3.

links. How long is the line? (M94 M 38)

a.

1205.50 cm

c.

5663.50 ft

b.

1887.50 m

d.

119.50 in

4.

A line was measured with a 50-m tape. There were 2 tallies and 3

pins, and the distance from the last pin and the end of the line was

2.25 m. Find the length of the line in meters. (M97 M 20)

a.

1152.25

c.

117.25

b.

1017.25

d.

517.25

------- 1 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

11.

standard length at a temperature of 20 C. During measurement,

the temperature was 52 C. If the coefficient of thermal expansion

of the tape material is 0.0000116 m/m C, calculate the correct

length of the line. (M99 M 22)

a.

411.847 m

c.

412.153 m

b.

413.215 m

d.

409.845 m

12.

Using a 25-m tape, a square lot was measured and found to have an

area of 1 hectare. If the total error in area is 4.004 square meter

short, what is the error in each tape length? (N01 M 9)

a.

0.005 m too short

c.

0.008 m too long

b.

0.008 m too short

d.

0.005 m too long

13.

radius of curvature is 6400 km, compute the sea-level distance.

(M02 M 6)

a.

24996.24 m

c.

24997.97 m

b.

24998.63 m

d.

24995.24 m

16.

With the transit at point A and line of sight horizontal, the stadia

intercept at B is 0.6 m. If the stadia interval factor is 99.96 and the

stadia constant is 0.3, find the distance AB. (M01 M 18)

a.

54.21 m

c.

78.32 m

b.

43.87 m

d.

60.28 m

17.

The length intercepted on the stadia rod is 1.8 m and the line of

sight makes an angle of 430 with the horizontal. Find the

horizontal distance, in meters, from the center of the instrument to

the rod, if the stadia constant is 0.3 m and the stadia interval factor

is 100. (M02 M 25)

a.

172.43 m

c.

187.36 m

b.

179.74 m

d.

196.87 m

DIFFERENTIAL LEVELING

18.

14.

With the transit at point A and the line of sight horizontal, the

stadia intercept at B was found to be 1.94 m. If the stadia constant

is 0.3 and AB = 194.2 m, find the stadia interval factor. (M98 M

25)

a.

99.958

c.

99.968

b.

99.938

d.

99.948

15.

The length intercepted on the stadia rod is 3.6 m and the line of

sight makes an angle of 315 with the horizontal. Find the

distance, in meters, from the center of the instrument to the rod, if

the stadia constant is 0.3 m and the stadia interval factor is 100.

(N98 M 17)

a.

363.33

c.

357.62

b.

361.28

d.

359.14

------- 2 -------

22)

Station

BM12

1

2

BM13

3

4

5

6

BM14

a.

255.45

b.

245.02

BS

4.64

5.80

2.25

6.02

8.96

8.06

9.45

12.32

FS

Elev.

209.65

5.06

5.02

5.85

4.94

3.22

3.71

2.02

1.98

c.

d.

225.05

235.35

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

19.

20.

21.

What is the difference in elevation between BM1 and BM2? (M96

M 24)

Station

BS

FS

Elev.

BM1

7.11

751.05

1

8.83

1.24

2

11.72

1.11

BM2

10.21

a.

17.7

c.

15.1

b.

18.2

d.

16.4

Based on the following leveling notes, find the elevation of Sta 5

in meters. (M97 M 8)

Station

BS

FS

Elev.

1

8.26

458.45 m

2

9.98

2.39

3

12.87

2.26

4

8.65

11.36

5

5.32

a.

476.88

c.

478.82

b.

479.26

d.

477.28

Determine the difference between the elevations of Sta 6 and Sta 5,

in meters, using the following notes: (N97 M 15)

Station

BS

FS

Elev.

1

4.90

463.8 m

2

6.06

5.32

3

2.51

5.28

4

6.28

6.11

5

9.22

4.60

6

3.48

a.

5.74

c.

5.53

b.

5.47

d.

5.66

LEVELING ADJUSTMENTS

22.

Rod reading at P

Rod reading at Q

Wye level at 1

0.75

2.766

Wye level at 2

1.906

3.798

Point 2 is on the same line as P and Q but not between them. Point

2 is 25 m from P and 230 m from Q. With the wye level at point 2,

what is the rod reading at P for a level sight? (N94 M 26)

a.

1.921

c.

1.98

b.

1.962

d.

1.954

SENSITIVITY OF A BUBBLE

23.

was found to be 2.82 m. The bubble was leveled through 5 spaces

on the level tube and the rod reading increased to 2.884 m. What is

the radius of curvature of the level tube if one space on the tube is

0.6 mm long? (N02 M 24)

a.

3.75 m

c.

3.35 m

b.

4m

d.

3.50 m

24.

------- 3 -------

point A are 1000 m and 2000 m, respectively. Measured from point

A, the angle of elevation of point B is 1830, while that of point C

is . The difference in the elevations of B and C is 44.4 m, with C

being lower than B. Considering the effects of curvature and

refraction, the value of is nearest to: (M95 M 26)

a.

730

c.

815

b.

645

d.

520

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

25.

26.

through a transit with recorded vertical angle of 230. The height

of the mast is 12 m and the HI of the transit above the point where

it is set is 1.10 m. The elevation of the point under the transit A is

133.3 m. Compute the elevation of the base of the signal B. (N96

M 26)

a.

225

c.

215

b.

220

d.

210

Point A is between points B and C. The distances of B and C from

point A are 1000 m and 2000 m, respectively. Measured from point

A, the angle of elevation of point B is 1830, while that of point C

is 815. Find the difference in the elevations of B and C. Consider

the effects of curvature and refraction. (N00 M 2)

a.

44.4 m

c.

48.7 m

b.

32.6 m

d.

52.1 m

29.

DECLINATION

30.

(M94 M 26)

a.

17730

c.

9230

b.

8730

d.

6230

31.

was 130E. What is the true bearing of the line if a local attraction

is 330 to the east of the vicinity? (M94 M 39)

a.

S 3530 E

c.

S 45 E

b.

S 45 E

d.

S 4330 E

27.

follows:

Station

Offset Distance (m)

0 + 000

5.59

0 + 010

3.38

0 + 020

2.30

0 + 030

3.96

0 + 040

4.80

The stations are on straight-line boundary. Find the area of the land

in m2 by Trapezoidal Rule. (M96 M 2)

a.

138.4

c.

118.5

b.

128.5

d.

148.4

AREA BY TRIANGULATION

32.

28.

b.

322

d.

218

Lot ABCDEFA is a closed traverse in the form of a regular hexagon

with each side equal to 100 m. The bearing of AB is N25E. What

is the bearing of CD? (M03 M 26)

a.

S 35 E

c.

S 30 E

b.

S 45 E

d.

S 40 E

azimuth? (N99 M 26)

a.

148

c.

232

------- 4 -------

transit at point P inside the lot and recorded the following bearing

and distances of each corners of the lot from P.

Corner

Bearing from P

Distance from P

A

N 4732 W

36.25 m

B

N 6852 E

48.32 m

C

Due South

65.25 m

Determine the area of the lot in square meter. (N99 M 20)

a.

3256

c.

4253

b.

3127

d.

2586

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

33.

34.

35.

Course

Bearing

Distance (m)

1-2

N 9.27 E

58.70

2-3

S 88.43 E

27.30

3-4

4-5

S 5.30 E

35.00

5-1

S 72.07 W

78.96

What is the length of course 3-4? (N94 M 27)

a.

39.3 m

c.

38.65 m

b.

37.5 m

d.

35.2 m

A closed traverse has the following data:

Course

Bearing

Distance (m)

1-2

N 9.27 E

58.70

2-3

S 88.43 E

27.30

3-4

N 86.78 E

35.20

4-5

S 5.30 E

35.00

5-1

What is the bearing of line 5-1? (M95 M 27)

a.

S 78.31 W

c.

S 85.16 W

b.

S 76.05 W

d.

S 72.07 W

36.

line 3-4. (N96 M 8)

Line

Bearing

Distance (m)

1-2

N 58 E

80

2-3

Due N

50

3-4

4-1

S 36.74 E

89.8

a.

N 60 E

c.

N 64.3 E

b.

N 55.60 E

d.

S 80.4 W

37.

Line

Distance (m)

Bearing

AB

64.86

N 7210 E

BC

107.72

S 4813 E

CD

44.37

S 3530 W

DE

137.84

EA

12.83

Find the bearing of line DE. (N97 M 26)

a.

N 5715 W

c.

N 5655 W

b.

N 5944 W

d.

N 5825 W

38.

Line

Bearing

Distance (m)

AB

44.47

BC

137.84

CD

N 145 E

12.83

DE

N 7210 E

64.86

EA

S 4813 E

107.72

Find the bearing of line AB. (M98 M 17)

a.

S 3718 W

c.

S 3834 W

b.

S 3530 W

d.

S 3646 W

Course

Bearing

Distance (m)

AB

S 1536 W

24.22

BC

S 6911 E

15.92

CD

N 5758 E

DA

S 8043 W

Find distance DA in meters? (N95 M 24)

a.

77

c.

75

b.

79

d.

73

------- 5 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

39.

40.

Line

Bearing

Distance (m)

AB

60.00

BC

72.69

CD

S 1720 E

44.83

DE

S 7036 W

56.45

EA

N 7430 W

50.00

Find the bearing of line BC. (M00 M 24)

a.

S 4552 E

c.

S 8223 E

b.

N 1811 E

d.

N 1530 E

TRANSIT RULE

Line

Bearing

Distance (m)

AB

N 86.78 E

35.20

BC

S 5.30 E

35.00

CD

S 72.07 W

78.95

DE

N 9.27 E

58.70

EA

Find the length of side EA. (M01 M 28)

a.

27.3 m

c.

54.9 m

b.

29.7 m

d.

31.6 m

42.

Line

Distance

Bearing

AB

895

S 7029 E

BC

315

S 2628 E

CD

875

S 6533 W

DE

410

N 4531 W

EA

650

N 1000 E

Determine the correct bearing of line EA using the transit rule.

(M97 M 19)

a.

N 94434 E

c.

N 95028 E

b.

N 94721 E

d.

N 9531 E

43.

Line

Distance

Bearing

AB

895

S 7029 E

BC

315

S 2628 E

CD

875

S 6533 W

DE

410

N 4531 W

EA

650

N 1000 E

Find the corrected bearing of line CD by transit rule. (N98 M 12)

a.

S 654412 W

c.

S 654018 W

b.

S 654233 W

d.

S 654829 W

44.

Line

Latitude

1-2

+9.15

2-3

-8.41

3-4

-24.15

4-5

+6.21

5-1

+17.10

Using the transit rule, determine the corrected latitude of line 3-4.

(N99 M 27)

a.

-24.113

c.

-24.214

SUBDIVISION OF LOTS

41.

Line

Bearing

Distance (m)

AB

N 60 E

1000

BC

Due South

CA

N 60 W

An area of 280,000 square meter is cut-off starting from corner A

to point F on line BC. What is the length of line AF? (N03 M 29)

a.

878.35 m

c.

863.14 m

b.

893.25 m

d.

914.75 m

------- 6 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

b.

-24.187

d.

-24.044

a.

b.

C

40.35

40.16

63

2

c.

d.

40.57

40.77

PROBABLE VALUES

ERROR IN TRANSIT READING

45.

number of observations are as follows:

Corner

Angle

No. of observations

1

39

3

2

65

4

3

75

2

Determine the corrected angle at corner 1. (M99 M 29)

a.

382812.2

c.

391827.7

b.

403214

d.

393632

46.

as follows: A = 351437, B = 963009, and C = 481505.

The most probable value of angle B is nearest to: (M00 M 23)

a.

963015

c.

963006

b.

963003

d.

963012

47.

number of observations are as follows:

Corner

Angle

No. of observations

A

41

5

B

65

6

C

75

2

Determine the most probable value of angle C. (N01 M 16)

a.

753421

c.

744856

b.

735432

d.

742523

48.

49.

horizontal due to non-adjustment. The first sight had a vertical

angle of 50, the next has -30. Determine the error in the

measured horizontal angle. (M03 M 29)

a.

74.6

c.

84.6

b.

79.2

d.

89.2

HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEY

50.

a = 0.232 and b = 0.022, it is required to determine the velocity of

the water at that point if the time of observation was recorded to

last for 50 seconds and the recorded number of revolution is taken

as 10. (M94 M 42)

a.

0.0575 m/s

c.

0.0247 m/s

b.

0.0346 m/s

d.

0.0684 m/s

51.

at an interval of 2 m are as follows: A1 = 10,250 m2, A2 = 8,350 m2,

A3 = 7,750 m2, A4 = 6,900 m2, and A5 = 5,250 m2. Calculate the

volume of the reservoir by end-area method. (M99 M 24)

a.

54,250 m3

c.

61,500 m3

b.

72,450 m3

d.

84,550 m3

52.

observed at the instant the depth of the sounding was 17.6 m. The

zero mark of the staff gage is at elevation 148.2 m. Find the

elevation of the point where the sounding was made. (M01 M 21)

a.

139.25 m

c.

136.25 m

b.

138.75 m

d.

137.75 m

measured with the same precision. What is the most probable value

of angle A, in degrees? (M03 M 27)

Angle

Value (degrees)

No. of observations

A

41

5

B

77

6

------- 7 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

58.

53.

the contours 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Each contour is at 2 m interval.

A1 = 6,150 m2

A4 = 4,140 m2

2

A2 = 5,010 m

A5 = 3,150 m2

2

A3 = 4,650 m

Determine the volume of water in the lake. (N02 M 26)

a.

35,500 m3

c.

37,800 m3

b.

36,800 m3

d.

38,900 m3

59.

60.

using chord basis. (N96 M 18)

a.

229.26 m

c.

114.74 m

b.

142.3 m

d.

201.5 m

61.

Azimuth of back tangent = 205

Azimuth of forward tangent = 262

Middle ordinate, M = 5.8 m

Find the length of the tangent, in meters. (M97 M 28)

a.

23.77

c.

25.99

b.

24.88

d.

22.83

62.

tangent, at point Q, is 64 m. The tangent passes through the PC.

The distance from Q to PC is 260 m. Find the radius of the curve,

in meters. (M98 M 4)

a.

580

c.

560

b.

540

d.

520

63.

and B of a simple curve are 315 and 815, respectively. The

chord distance between A and B is 40 m long. Find the length of

the curve from the PC to B, in meters. (N98 M 1)

a.

74.3

c.

70.5

b.

66.1

d.

62.4

64.

the length of the long chord. Use arc basis. (M99 M 20)

IDENTITIES

54.

a.

60

c.

45

b.

20

d.

30

55.

a.

31.57

c.

24.78

b.

58.43

d.

11.24

SIMPLE CURVES

56.

57.

S7836E, respectively. What is the central angle of the curve?

(N94 M 28)

a.

38.2

c.

29.2

b.

26.2

d.

27.2

A 3-degree curve has an angle of intersection of 24. What is the

length of the long chord in meters? Use chord basis. (M95 M 7)

a.

158.85

c.

171.28

b.

183.42

d.

162.46

curve if their bearings are N7512E and S7836E, respectively?

(N95 M 23)

a.

2612

c.

324

b.

1842

d.

2238

A 3-degree curve has an external distance of 8.53 m. What is the

central angle? Use chord basis. (M96 M 18)

a.

23

c.

25

b.

24

d.

22

------- 8 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

a.

b.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

119.13 m

125.10 m

c.

d.

112.21 m

132.56 m

70.

tangent, at point Q, is 64 m. The tangent passes through the PC.

The distance from Q to PC is 260 m. Find the length of the curve

from PC to A, in meters. (M00 M 20)

a.

270.37

c.

298.56

b.

352.47

d.

254.12

From a point A on a simple curve, the perpendicular distance to the

tangent at point Q is x. The tangent passes through PC. Point A is

at station 20+250 and PC is at station 20+150. If the radius of the

curve is 800 m, find x. (N00 M 18)

a.

6.24 m

c.

7.89 m

b.

25.47 m

d.

62.32 m

The offset distance from PC to PT of a simple curve is 8 m. If the

angle of intersection of the curve is 20, what is the radius of the

curve? (M01 M 13)

a.

123.87 m

c.

153.98 m

b.

132.65 m

d.

113.62 m

Determine the central angle of a 350-m simple curve if the nearest

distance from the curve to the point of intersection of the tangents

is 18 m. (N01 M 1)

a.

32

c.

36

b.

39

d.

56

The tangent of a simple curve from PI to PC has a bearing of

N65E and the other tangent from PI to PT has a bearing of

N55W. At a point 150 m from PC along the tangent through PC,

the right angle offset to point F on the curve is 6.2 m. Find the

radius of the curve. (N02 M 23)

a.

1657.5 m

c.

1752.3 m

b.

1547.2 m

d.

1817.6 m

200 m and the distance of the midpoint of

14.20 m? (M03 M 28)

a.

48

c.

b.

46

d.

the curve to the PI is

42

44

COMPOUND CURVES

71.

36, D1 = 4 and D2 = 5. What is the stationing of PCC? Use arc

basis. (N94 M 29)

a.

15+319.63

c.

15+325.28

b.

15+336.14

d.

15+342.5

72.

3, D2 = 4, and Sta PI = 30+120.5. Find the stationing of PCC.

Use Sta PI = 30+120.5. (M96 M 1)

a.

30+110.73

c.

30+114.88

b.

30+118.46

d.

30+106.97

73.

23.5, D1 = 2, D2 = 4, and Sta PI = 42+89.6. Find the stationing

of PC. Use arc basis. (N97 M 5)

a.

41+908.38

c.

41+917.23

b.

41+934.92

d.

41+925.19

74.

I1 = 32

Length of long chord from PC to PCC, L1 = 235.98 m

I2 = 24

Length of long chord from PCC to PT, L2 = 178.23 m

Find the length of chord from PC to PT. (M01 M 19)

a.

402.15 m

c.

476.45

b.

376.54 m

d.

234.76

75.

D1 = 2.5, I1 = 36, I2 = 62. Find the degree of the second curve.

Use arc basis. (M02 M 14)

a.

3

c.

3.5

------- 9 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

b.

76.

d.

Stationing of PC = 67+345.23

Determine the stationing of PRC (point of reversed curvature). Use

arc basis. (N01 M 2)

a.

67+505.23

c.

67+467.23

b.

67+549.23

d.

67+689.23

curve passing through the PC is a 3-degree curve with a central

angle of 50. Find the radius of the second curve if its central angle

is 35. (M03 M 22)

a.

1.084.3

c.

1,143.7

b.

1,265.2

d.

1,304.3

80.

m apart. The length of chord from PC to PT is 140 m. Determine

the total length of the reversed curve. (N02 M 27)

a.

142.85 m

c.

140.17 m

b.

145.1 m

d.

146.7 m

REVERSED CURVES

SPIRAL CURVES

77.

81.

78.

79.

bearing of S4731E. AB is the tangent of the first curve whose

bearing is N7245E. CD is a tangent of the second curve whose

bearing is N3813E. A is at the PC while D is at the PT. The

radius of the first curve is 180 m. The PI is at Sta 12+523.37. Find

the stationing of the PT. (M95 M 8)

a.

12+883.65

c.

12+889.54

b.

12+893.24

d.

12+878.16

The common tangent of a reversed curve is 280.5 m and has an

azimuth of 31229. BC is a tangent of the first curve whose

azimuth is 25245. DE is a tangent of the second curve whose

azimuth is 21813. The radius of the first curve is 180 m. PI is at

Sta 16+523.37. B is at PI. What is the stationing of PI2? (N95 M

20)

a.

16+754.8

c.

16+774.8

b.

16+764.8

d.

16+784.8

having a radius of 300 m. Determine the offset distance from the

tangent to the second-quarter point of the spiral. (M02 M 26)

a.

0.69 m

c.

6.77 m

b.

1.99 m

d.

3.58 m

VERTICAL CURVES

82.

an upgrade of +6.5% and a downgrade of -3% intersecting at Sta

20+800 at elevation 102.5 m. Find the distance from B to the

highest point of the curve. (N96 M 17)

a.

125.6

c.

126.3

b.

123.5

d.

124.8

83.

elevation is at 1560 m. A parabolic curve AB, 400 m long connects

the gradelines with A on the back tangent. Find the stationing of A.

(M97 M 11)

a.

10+300

c.

10+500

b.

10+600

d.

10+400

Degree of curve, D1 = 3

Central angle, I1 = 24

Degree of curve, D2 = 4

Central angle, I2 = 38

------- 10 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

84.

meeting at point A whose elevation is 67 m. If the length of the

curve is 440 m, find the elevation of the PC. (N99 M 18)

a.

75.2 m

c.

59.3 m

b.

74.7 m

d.

73.2 m

85.

+0.6%. If the grade changes uniformly at 0.18% per 20 m, find the

length of the curve. (M00 M 22)

a.

200 m

c.

300 m

b.

150 m

d.

250 m

86.

+6.5% and -3%. If the elevation of the summit is 123.256 m, what

is the elevation of point B? (N00 M 21)

a.

122.111 m

c.

121.361 m

b.

119.625 m

d.

120.542 m

a.

b.

1994.26

2134.65

c.

d.

2113.32

1973.62

89.

56 m2, respectively. The base width is 10 m and the side slope is

1:1. Find the corrected volume of cut in m3, using the prismoidal

correction formula. (N95 M 21)

a.

1564.84

c.

1458.45

b.

1386.84

d.

1249.26

90.

10 m. (N96 M 21)

Left

Center

Right

9.8

0

11.2

3.2

2.80

4.21

a.

47.925

c.

65.35

b.

59.421

d.

53.625

91.

m2. The base width is 8 m and the side slope is 1:1. Find the

corrected volume of cut in m3 between the two stations using the

prismoidal correction formula. (N97 M 12)

a.

4,252.2

c.

4,241.5

b.

4,234.8

d.

4,263.4

92.

84 m2, respectively. Base width = 8 m. Side slope is 1:1. Using the

prismoidal correction formula, find the corrected volume of cut, in

m3, between the two stations. (M98 M 9)

a.

3,715.2

c.

3,710.5

b.

3,705.4

d.

3,720.8

93.

apart if the areas of the irregular sections in cut at the stations are

32 m2 and 68 m2, respectively. Base width = 8 m. Side slope is 1:1.

Use the prismoidal correction formula. (N98 M 7)

a.

2,937.6

c.

2,948.8

b.

2,919.4

d.

2,936.8

EARTHWORKS

87.

88.

for a 10-m wide roadway.

Sta 16+100

8.2 L

0

13.65 R

+2.15

+3.5

+5.8

What is the cross-sectional area, in m2, at Sta 16+100? (N94 M 30)

a.

64.1125

c.

58.1125

b.

46.1125

d.

52.1125

The cross-section notes shown below are for a ground excavation

for a 10-m wide roadway.

Sta 25+100

7.85 L

0

8.45 R

+1.90

+3.20

+2.30

Sta 25+150

9.35 L

0

10.37 R

+2.90

+2.60

+3.80

What is the volume of excavation, in m3, between the two stations?

Use the prismoidal formula. (M95 M 9)

------- 11 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

94.

The longitudinal ground profile and the gradeline shows that the

length of cut is 560 m while the length of fill is 740 m. The width

of the roadbed is 10 m for both cut and fill. The profile areas

between the groundline and the gradeline, which are parallel, are

4,800 m2 for cut and 5,829 m2 for fill. Find the difference between

the volume of fill and the volume of cut in m3 if the side slopes are

1.5:1 for cut and 2:1 for fill. (M01 M 29)

a.

43,768.2 m3

c.

40,413.7 m3

3

b.

35,783.2 m

d.

56,298.2 m3

95.

wide roadway:

6.70

0

4.75

+1.80

+1.40

+1.50

Determine the area of the cross-section. (N02 M 25)

a.

12.208 m2

c.

11.428 m2

2

b.

11.837 m

d.

12.615 m2

96.

Given a side slope of 2:1, a road width of 10 m and a crosssectional area of 31.7 m2, find the value of x in the following crosssection notes: (M03 M 24)

9.8

0

7.4

+2.4

x

+1.2

a.

+2.93 m

c.

+2.51 m

b.

+2.71 m

d.

+2.64 m

97.

The cross-sectional area is as follows:

9.8

0

7.4

2.4

x

1.2

Determine the value of x. (N03 M 28)

a.

3.2 m

c.

2.4 m

b.

2.8 m

d.

1.6 m

98.

Sta 12+240. At Sta 12+180, the center height of the roadway is

1.2 m fill. At the other station, the center height is 2.5 m cut. Find

the grade of the finished road. (M97 M 4)

a.

-4.15 %

c.

-1.37 %

b.

-2.48 %

d.

-3.26 %

99.

makes a uniform slope of 5% to Station B whose center height is

2.8 m in cut. Assuming both sections to be level sections having a

width of roadway of 10 m and side slope of 2:1 for both cut and

fill, compute the cross-sectional area of fill 8 m from Station A.

Distance from Station A to Station B is 60 m. (M99 M 23)

a.

12.54 m2

c.

15.81 m2

2

b.

8.41 m

d.

9.81 m2

100.

Sta 12+240. At Sta 12+180, the center height of the roadway is

1.2 m fill. At the other station, the center height is 2.5 m cut. Find

the length of cut in meters. (M00 M 21)

a.

30.85

c.

46.32

b.

40.54

d.

50.28

101.

Sta 12+250. At Sta 12+180, the center height of the roadway is

1.2 m fill. At the other station, the center height is 3.11 m cut. Find

the grade of the finished road. (N00 M 19)

a.

-4.214 %

c.

-1.427 %

b.

-2.149 %

d.

-1.357 %

102.

12+240. At Sta 12+180, the center height of the roadway is 1.4 m

fill. At the other station, the center height is 2.8 m cut. Find the

grade of the finished road. (N01 M 15)

------- 12 -------

MATHEMATICS

SURVEYING

a.

b.

103.

-2 %

-1.6 %

c.

d.

-2.7 %

-3 %

From Sta 12+180 with center height of 1.4 m in fill, the ground

makes a uniform slope of 5% to Sta 12+240 whose center height is

2.8 m in cut. How far is the point of intersection of the ground and

the road from Sta 12+180? (M02 M 13)

a.

25 m

c.

15 m

b.

20 m

d.

30 m

BORROW PITS

104.

unit area method. The area is divided by equal square areas 30 m

by 30 m. The height of earth at each unit area are as follows:

Row 1

3.2 m

2.8 m

3.6 m

4.2 m

Row 2

3.8

2.5

3.2

3.8

Row 3

3.1

2.9

3.3

3.0

Row 4

3.0

2.5

2.8

2.6

Find the volume of the borrow pit in cubic meters. (N99 M 17)

a.

28,045

c.

24,515

b.

22,045

d.

25,065

------- 13 -------

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