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125 - 1 - Dallage sur sol lastique - Calcul des tassements selon Boussinesq

par la mthode des diffrences finies et l'quation de Lagrange


2 - Dalle rectangulaire sur appuis quelconques (libres, articuls, encastrs)
1) Entrer les donnes dans les cases vertes entoures de gras, 2) appuyer sur la touche F9
a=
b=
e=
=
=
E=
g =
q =

3
2
0.16
25
31,000

m
m
m
kN/m3
MPa

Longueur de la dalle (// Ox)


Largeur de la dalle (// Oy)
Epaisseur de la dalle
Coefficient de Poisson bton
Poids volumique de la dalle
Module d'Young du bton

Une charge rpartie p sur un noeud est calcule comme


une charge concentre ponctuelle sur ce noeud gale :
p.a.b /64
pour un noeud intrieur
p.a.b /128 pour un noeud de rive
p.a.b /256

1.35

Coefficient multiplicateur des charges rparties de poids propre

1.5

Coefficient multiplicateur des autres charges rparties

Conditions d'extrmits

Rcapitulatif des rsultats


Mx :
Moment

(articul = -1 ; bord libre = 0 ; encastr = 1)


Ct suprieur :
Ct droit :
Ct infrieur :
Ct gauche :

0
-1
1
1

pour un noeud d'angle

bord libre
bord articul
bord encastr
bord encastr

Trois couches
Sol 1
Sol 2
h
m
E
MPa

(pour une dalle, faire h1 = h2 = h3 = 0)

My :

maxi

Mtorsion :
Dforme maxi :

Sol 3
Epaisseurs
Young
Poisson

de 1 9

Ch. 1 :
Ch. 2 :

(k = module de Westergaard en MPa/m)

Ch. 3 :
Ch. 4 :

Charges rparties sur les noeuds (kN/m2)


en plus des charges planaires ci-dessous et des charges concentres ci-dessus
colon. 1
2
3
4
5
6
x=0.00
x=0.38
x=0.75
x=1.13
x=1.50
x=1.88
ligne 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

7
x=2.25

8
x=2.63

9
x=3.00

2.63
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15

3.00
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15

O
b
A

Charges pondres (poids propre + rparties + concentres) (en kN/m2)


0.00
0.38
0.75
1.13
0.00
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
0.25
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
0.50
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
0.75
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
1.00
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
1.25
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
1.50
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
1.75
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
2.00
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

contrainte maxi :
#VALUE!
Charges concentres
numro
numro
de col.
de ligne

(pour des ressorts lastiques, faire h1 = -k)

Charge rpartie "planaire" kN/m2


(constante, triangulaire, trapzodale
dans une ou deux directions)
Angle suprieur gauche O :
Angle infrieur gauche A :
Angle infrieur droit B :
Angle suprieur droit :

#VALUE!

1.50
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15

1.88
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15

2.25
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15
6.15

Charge totale :

36.9

kN

Raideur D : 10.58133333 MN.m

2.5

1.5

0.5

0
0

0.5

Dformes wi,j en mm
0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00

0.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
total
moyenne

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
total
moyenne

2.5

mini =
0.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
1.13
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

maxi =
1.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
1.88
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

2.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

moyenne =
2.63
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
3.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.38
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

max =
1.13
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
1.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

1.88
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

min =
2.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
2.63
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

3.00
#VALUE!
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.38
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.75
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

max =
1.13
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
1.50
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

1.88
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

min =
2.25
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
2.63
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

3.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Moments My en kNm/m
0.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.38
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Moments Mx en kNm/m
0.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

1.5

3.5

Moment de torsion en kNm/m


0.00
0.38
0.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
2.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
total
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
moyenne
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

max =
1.13
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
1.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

1.88
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

min =
2.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
2.63
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

3.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Contraintes principales maximales


MPa
0.00
0.38
0.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
1.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
2.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.75
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

max =
1.13
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
1.50
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

1.88
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

min =
2.25
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
2.63
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

3.00
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.75
0

1.13
0

1.50
0

1.88
0

2.25
0

2.63
0

Ractions d'appui Rx et Ry en kN/m


0.00

0.38
0

3.00

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

#VALUE!

Charges extrieures (kN/m 2)

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25

2.00
3

2.625

1.75
2.25

1.875

1.50
1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00

Dformes (mm)

10
8
0

0.25

0.5

0.75
1

2
3

2.625

1.75
2.25

1.5

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

1.25

Moments Mx (aciers // Ox) (kNm/m)

1
0.8
0

0.6

0.25
0.5
0.75

0.4
0.2

1
1.25
1.5
2
3

2.625

1.75
2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Moments My (aciers // Oy) (kNm/m)

1
0.8

0
0.25
0.5
0.75

0.6
0.4
0.2

1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
3

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Moments de torsion (kNm/m)

10
8

0
0.25
0.5
0.75

6
4
2

1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
3

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Contraintes principales (MPa)

10
8

0
0.25
0.5
0.75

6
4
2

1
1.25
1.5
1.75

Charges (kN/m2)
0.00
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75

2.25

2.625

1.875

1.5

0.75

1.125

0.375

2.00

2
3

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Dformes (mm)
0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75

2.625

2.25

1.5

1.875

1.125

0.75

0.375

Moments Mx pour aciers // Ox (kNm/m)


0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Moments My pour aciers // Oy (kNm/m)


0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Moments de torsion (kNm/m)


0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

1.125

0.75

0.375

Contraintes principales (MPa)


0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
1.75

2.625

2.25

1.875

1.5

0.75

1.125

0.375

1.75

1.5 1.25
1

0.75

0.5 0.25
0

Thonier
maj : 1/3/2013
L'auteur n'est pas responsable
de l'usage fait de ce programme

est calcule comme


sur ce noeud gale :
un noeud intrieur
un noeud de rive

un noeud d'angle

M/(0,9e)^2
kNm/m

#VALUE!

kNm/m
kNm/m
mm

Pente maxi.
#VALUE!

MPa
P
en kN

y=0.00
y=0.25
y=0.50
y=0.75
y=1.00
y=1.25
y=1.50
y=1.75
y=2.00

Charge totale kN
36.90
y compris
poids propre

dalle
ch.conc.

3.5

total
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

moyenne
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

total
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

moyenne
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

total
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

moyenne
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

2.00
1.75
1.50
0.00
0.25
0.50

.75

1.25
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.25
0.00

2
1.75
1.5
1.25

0
0.25
0.5

1
0.75
0.5

0.75

0.25
0

2
1.75
1.5
0
0.25
0.5
0.75

1
25

1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

2
1.75
1.5
0
0.25
0.5
0.75

25

1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

0
0.25
0.5
0.75

1
1.25
5
5

0
0.25
0.5
0.75

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

2.00
1.75
1.50
1.25
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.25
0.00

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

2
1.75
1.5
1.25
1
0.75
0.5
0.25
0

1.75

1.5 1.25
1

0.75

0.5 0.25
0

Conditions d'appui de la dalle


a=3m
bord libre
0
0
bord encastr

1
1
1

-1

-1

-1

- - - - bord libre
______

bord articul
bord encastr

1
bord encastr

bord articul
b=2m

Dformes de x = 0 x = a pour y = b/2


12

fx

10
8
6
4
2
0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

Dformes de y= 0 y= b pour x = a/2


fy

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50
Mx(1/2)

0.9
0.8

Moments
// Ox
mi-porte
(y = b/2)

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0.000

0.500

1.000

1.500

2.000

2.500

3.000

3.500

Moments

My(1/2)

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

// Oy
mi-porte
(x = a/2)

Ractions d'appui en rive suprieure


Rive sup

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0.00

0.50

1.00

1.50

2.00

2.50

3.00

Ractions d'appui en rive gauche

Rive gauche

12
10
8
6

Rive gauche

4
2
0
0

0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8

Ractions d'appui en rive infrieure

Rive inf.

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

Ractions d'appui en rive droite


12

Rive droite

10
8
6
4
2
0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8