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Industrial Automation

Automation Industrielle
Industrielle Automation

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2005 March, HK

Prof. Dr. Hubert Kirrmann


ABB Research Center, Baden, Switzerland

Goal of the course

Understand industrial control systems, their purpose and structure from a practical viewpoint.

Understand the terms used in publications and standards

Be able to analyze a plant and propose automation solutions

Compare the solutions used in automation with other domains

Become rapidly productive in an industrial company or public utility service

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Organization of the course


After a general introduction, the course takes a bottom-up approach:
instrumentation hardware: sensors, actors
programmable logic controllers: architecture and programming
industrial communication networks: field busses (general)
remote access to devices: DDL, MMS
software interface to application: OPC
operator interface and SCADA: details
manufacturing execution systems
enterprise

notions of plant configuration and system engineering

execution

effects of failures in a control system and how to deal with them

supervision
device access

analysis of availability and safety of a system

communication networks
field devices, controllers
sensors, actors

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Calendar Summer 2005


Date

Chapter

Contents

Lecturer

March 9:

Introduction, Examples, Plants & Control, Architecture

HK

March 23:

Instrumentation, Programmable logic controllers, field bus

HK

April 6:

Laboratory at Siemens (only possible date for ELEC students)

Siemens

April 13:

Laboratory at Siemens (for INF and COM students))

Siemens

April 20:

Printing system - Visit to CIEL, Communication with Devices, MMS

April 27:

Laboratory at Siemens (for INF and COM students))

May 4:

OPC, Man-machine interface, Batch and Manufacturing

May 18:

8, 9 Performance evaluation, Dependability, Reliability and safety

HK

June 1:

HK

Fault tolerance, Safety analysis

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HK
Edipresse
Siemens
HK
guest

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Exercises and Exams


Participation to the practice, workshop, exercises and visits is part of the course
(questions can be asked at the exam also concerning these parts)
Exercises are carried out in form of personal work, to be presented at the last course on
one-two slides (2 minutes per person).
Workshops are group works during the course
Exams are oral - a set of some 100 questions will be published at the end of the course.
(do not rely on the former year s questions)
The course slides will be made available on the web after the course.
http://lamspeople.epfl.ch/kirrmann
Master thesis, trainees (practicands) are welcome.

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Chapter 1: Processes and Control System


1 Introduction
1.1
1.2
1.3

1.4
1.5

Automation and its importance


Examples of automated processes
Types of plants and controls
1.3.1
Continuous processes
1.3.2
Discrete processes
1.3.3
Mixed processes
Automation hierarchy
Control System Architecture

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Chapter 2: Instrumentation and Control


2.1 Instrumentation
2.1.1 Binary and analogue instruments
2.1.2 Transducers
2.1.3 Instrumentation diagrams
2.2 Control
2.2.1 Plant modeling
2.2.2 Two-point controller
2.2.3 PID controller
2.2.4 Nested Controllers
2.3 Programmable Logic Controllers
2.3.1 PLCs: Definition and Market
2.3.2 PLCs: Kinds
2.3.3 PLCs: Functions and construction
2.3.4 Continuous and Discrete Control
2.3.5 IEC 61131 languages

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Chapter 3-4: Communication

3 Industrial communication (see course of Prof. JD Decotignie)


3.1 Field bus principles
3.2 Field bus operation
3.2.1 Physical layer: media and wiring
3.2.2 Link Layer: determinism and redundancy
3.2.3 Application Layer: shared memory and messages paradigm

4. Information Interchange
4.1 Device Access protocols: HART
4.2 Device Description Language
4.3 Manufacturing Messaging Specification
4.4 OPC
4.5 XML / Web Access / OSGi (not given in 2005)

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Chapters 5-7 Higher levels


5. Man-machine communication
5.1
Hardware and software structure
5.2
Tools
6. Enterprise Level
6.1
Asset Management (gestion des moyens de production)
6.2
Manufacturing Execution Systems
6.3
Enterprise Resource Planning (*)
7. Engineering and Commissioning (*)
7.1
Life Cycle
7.2
Project

(*) not taught in 2005


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Chapters 8-9 Performance and Dependability


8. Real-time and performance evaluation
9. Dependable control systems
9.1 Dependability, overview and definitions
9.2 Dependability evaluation
9.3 Dependable communication
9.4 Dependable architectures
9.5 Dependable software
9.6 Safety and Hazard analysis (not given in 2004)

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Questions
exhaust
Bb
heat exchanger

internal buss
400 Vac, 3 ph
50 Hz

recuperator

main grid

Bg
water

LCV

75 kVA
inverter

grid
loads

Bt

air filter
fuel

compressor turbine
C2

auxiliary loads

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MTG dissipator
100 kW

generator

10 kVA
inverter

11/12

10 kVA
rectifier

house
loads
< 300 kW

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