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dST-3640(Rev.

B)

TECHNICAL REFERENCE
dST 3640
36V-3A Digital Micro-stepping Driver

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

Contents
Chapter1: Safety Precautions

Chapter 2: Drive Overview

2.1 Drive Acceptance

2.2 Key Features

2.3 Applications

Chapter 3: Drive Parameters and Connections

3.1 Drive Technical Characteristics

3.2 Connection Details

3.3 Drive Description

I. DC Power Input Connector

II. Motor Phase Connector

III. User Input Connector

IV UART (RS-232) /RS 485& USB Connector

10

V. Digital Input Connector

10

VI. Switch for Micro-step setting

11

VII. Switch for Current Setting

11

VIII. Mode Selection Switch

12

IX. Power Down Switch

12

X. Speed ADJ Potentiometer

12

XI. LED Indications

12

Chapter 4: Typical Connections

13

I. Differential Control Signal

13

II. NPN Control Signal

14

III. PNP Control Signal

15

Chapter 5: Mechanical Dimensions

16

Chapter 6: Trouble Shooting

17

6.1 Self Testing

17

6.2 User Level Trouble Shooting Guide

17

Chapter 7: Calculations
7.1 Motor Speed Calculation

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

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18

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

List of Figures
3.2.1 PCB Front view

3.3.1

user input connection based on 24V logic

3.3.2 PCB Side view

3.3.3 Digital input connection based on 24V logic

10

4.1.1 Differential control

13

4.1.2 NPN control

14

4.1.2 PNP control

15

5.2 Top View

16

5.2 Front View

16

5.2 Side View

16

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

Chapter1: Safety Precautions


For the sake of personal safety and avoidance of property loss, please read these safety
precautions carefully before test running and use of the driver.
The following safety measures must be strictly followed:
Read this user manual carefully.
Observe safety precautions strictly.
Use a multi-meter to verify that the voltage on the driver terminals is safe.
Never plug or unplug motor wires while the driver is in ON condition; otherwise it may damage
the driver
Do not remove the housing of the driver when the power is on or the driver is working.
To avoid personal injury and property loss, only qualified and service-trained personnel should
operate the driver.
Do not insert any object into the driver, which may cause damage to the driver.
If any fault occurs to the drive, please return the driver for maintenance. Trying to repair the
driver without any authorization or improper operation may cause damage to the driver and
also will avoid the warranty.

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

Chapter 2: Drive Overview


2.1 Drive Acceptance
Upon receiving the drive, please check the following items:
Make sure the driver model is consistent with that ordered.
Unpack the drive and make sure it is free from damage and no part is missing.
Make sure that all sets of screws in the driver are securely tightened.
Confirm that the package contains user manual.

2.2Key Features

Digital micro-stepping driver with TTL/ PLC logic compatible.

Single DC power supply (9-36V).

Current rating: 3A (RMS), 4A (peak).

A Piano switch consisting of 10 SPST switches for current setting, micro stepping, mode
selection & power down mode selection.

Both Auto and Pulse & Direction mode.

Pluggable type terminal block connectors.

Compact size (127x75.5x33.5 mm).

Optically isolated input signals- Pulse, Direction and Disable.

Automatic current reduction, when no pulse.

Optional Serial Interfaces; RS 232 or RS485 & USB.

Protection features like short circuit between motor phases, short to ground, over
temperature and over voltage.

2.3 Applications:
Typical applications include CNC routers, laser cutters, laser markers,
medical equipments, X-Y tables, measurement equipments, etc.

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

Chapter 3 Drive Parameters and Connections


3.1 Drive Technical Characteristics

Table 1 Electrical Characteristics


Supply Voltage

9-36V DC
Caution! Do not apply more than 36VDC

Maximum Current

3A (RMS), 4A (peak)

Logic level

Default: TTL (5V),but it can be configured for PLC (24V)

(PULSE,DIRECTION&DISABLE)

logic

Maximum step frequency

600KHz

Table 2 Operating Environment


Cooling Method
Operation environment

Natural Air Cooling


Avoid the environment with great amount of metallic
powder, oil mist, or erosive gases.

Ambient operating temperature

0-80C

Storage temperature

0-85C

Weight

350 gm

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

3.2 Connection Details

fig 3.2.1 PCB Front view

3.3 Connector Description


I. DC Power Input Connector
Pin No

Pin Name

Function

VDC+

Positive terminal of power supply (36VDC Max.).

GND

Ground terminal of power supply.

II. Motor Phase Connector


Pin No

Pin Name

Function

A+

Motor Phase A+

A-

Motor Phase A-

B+

Motor Phase B+

B-

Motor Phase B-

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

III. User Input Connector


Pin No
1

Pin Name

DIR+

DIR-

PUL+

PUL-

DIS+

DIS-

PT3

PVT

GND

10

AIN

Function
Direction Signal: This signal has low/high
voltage levels, representing two directions of
motor rotation. 4-5V* when DIR-HIGH, 0-0.5V
when DIR-LOW. Please note that rotation
direction is also related to motor-driver wiring
match. Exchanging the connection of two wires
for a coil to the driver will reverse motion
direction.

Pulse signal: This input represents pulse signal,


each rising edge active; 4-5V *when PUL-HIGH,
0-0.5V when PUL-LOW. For reliable response,
pulse width should be longer than 1.2s.
Disable signal: This signal is used for
enabling/disabling the driver. Usually left
UNCONNECTED (ENABLED). The user can disable
the drive at any time by giving a +5VDC* supply
to this input with respect to DIS-.

Speed Adjustment using Potentiometer: An


external POT can be connected for speed
adjustment in Auto Mode.PT3 the input, PVT
the variable port must be connected accordingly
for speed adjustments. This is an optional
feature.
Ground for Potentiometer and analog input. It
can be used either for potentiometer or analog
at a time.
External 0-10V can be used to vary the motor
speed. This feature is an optional one.

*Note: All the above explanations based on TTL (5V) logic. If the customer wants to work with PLC logic (24V),
please connect a series current-limiting resistor (Rext) with value of 2.2KOhm. Refer following figure 3.3.1:
Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd
35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

Fig.3.3.1 User input connection based on 24V logic

fig.3.3.2 PCB Side view

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

10

IV. UART (RS-232/RS-485) & USB Connector (Optional)


An optional facility for serial communication is available. Either RS-232 or RS- 485 can be used at
a time. Also the USB connector provides an easy communication between PC and drive.

Pin No
1

Pin Name

Function
Ground of RS232/RS485

GND

RX / 485_B

TX / 485_A

Receiver of RS232 /
Inverting pin of RS485
Transmitter of RS232 /
Non inverting pin of RS485.

V. DIGITAL INPUT CONNECTOR (Optional)


The digital input connector helps to connect user inputs (such as digital inputs from Limit switch,
Foot switch, Sensors etc.) to the drive. 2 digital inputs can be connected at the same time.

Pin No

Pin Name

Function

IP2-

IP2+

IP1-

IP1+

Digital input 2: the high/low signal (w.r.t


+ve and ve terminal) from user switches
or sensors can be processed and specified
task can be carried out.
Digital input 1: the high/low signal (w.r.t
+ve and ve terminal) from user switches
or sensors can be processed and specified
task can be carried out.

*Note: All the above explanations based on TTL (5V) logic. If the customer wants to work with PLC logic (24V),

please connect a series current-limiting resistor (Rext) with value of 2.2KOhm. Refer following figure:

fig3.3.3 Digital input connection based on 24V logic


Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd
35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

11

VI. Switches for Micro-step Setting


Among 10 SPST piano type switches, switches from 1 to 4 are for setting Micro-step. Micro-step
settings for 16 positions are as follows:
SWITCH 1
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON

SWITCH 2
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON

SWITCH 3
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON

SWITCH 4
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON

MICRO STEPPING
Full Step
1/2
1/4
1/8
1/16
1/32
1/64
1/128
1/256
1/256
1/256
1/256
1/256
1/256
1/256
1/256

Note: Switch ON means DOWN position and OFF means UP. (Applicable in every case)

VII. Switches for Current Setting


Among 10 SPST piano type switches, switches from 5 to 8 are for setting current. Current
settings for 16 positions are as follows:
SWITCH 5
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON

SWITCH 6
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON

SWITCH 7
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON

SWITCH 8
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON

CURRENT SETTING
0.19A
0.37A
0.56A
0.74A
0.93A
1.12A
1.31A
1.5A
1.68A
1.87A
2.06A
2.24A
2.43A
2.62A
2.81A
3A

Note: After selecting each current level, please turn-OFF and turn-ON the driver.

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

12

VIII. Mode Selection Switch


Switch 9 for selecting Mode.
Switch 9

Mode

On

Auto mode(internal pulse)

Off

Pulse mode(external pulse)

IX. Power Down Switch


Switch 10 for selecting Power Down mode. It helps to save power. If no external pulse for .5secs,
current is reduced to 10% that of normal current setting.
Switch 10

Mode

On

Power Down Mode

Off

Normal mode

Note: After selecting Power Down Mode, please turn-OFF and turn-ON the driver.

X. Speed Adjustment
Potentiometer is used for speed adjustment in Auto Mode. Either the speed adjustment
potentiometer or the analog input can be used at a time. These are optional features for speed
adjustment.

XI. LED INDICATIONS

Power LED (green)


Fault LED (red)
Run LED (yellow)

- ON when the power supply section is OK.


- ON during initial power up, disable and error state.
- ON when the motor is working.

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

13

Chapter 4: Typical Connections


I.

Differential Control Signal

fig.4.1.1 Differential control

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)
II.

14

NPN Control Signal

fig.4.1.2 NPN control

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)
III.

15

PNP Control Signal

fig4.1.3 PNP control

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

16

Chapter 5: Mechanical Specifications (All dimensions are in mm)

Fig5.1 Top View

Fig 5.2 Front View

Fig.5.3 Side View


Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd
35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

17

Chapter 6: Trouble Shooting


6.1 Self testing
The user can self test the driver if the power supply section is OK (if green LED glows).For self
testing connect the motor phase properly and make sure that LED status are correct, also
change the micro-stepping and current settings in piano type switches and set the mode switch
in auto mode (by switching the mode switch to ON position). Vary the speed either by
potentiometer or by external analog input. And the motor will run if there is no error condition.
Also check whether direction and disable states are working by connecting the corresponding
pins to +5V with respect to corresponding grounds.
These are the steps to check the basic functionality of a drive.

6.2 User Level Trouble Shooting Guide


The table given below shows some user level trouble shooting tips which may useful while
working with dST3640 with an external pulse generator.

Symptom

Cause

Action to do

Green LED is not

Power section does not

Check the power supply polarity.

glowing

function.

Supply voltage should be within 9-36V.

Red LED is blinking

Over voltage

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

Check the power supply voltage and it must be within


9-36V.

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com

dST-3640(Rev.B)

18

Chapter 7: Calculations
7.1 Motor Speed Calculation
The speed of the motor is depended on some parameters viz. step angle, micro step
resolution and number of pulses per second applied. Pulse input signal controls the speed and
acceleration of the motor. The speed is proportional to the pulse frequency.
Motor speed in rotations/sec =

X No. of pulses/sec (pps)

Ns X Resolution
Where,
Ns
= 200 (Steps per rotation) for 1.8step angle motors
Resolution
= 1.256 (micro steps per step) depends on Rotary switch position
No. of pulses/sec = the number of pulses per second applied to PULSE pin (Frequency)
Note: Motor may stall at sudden start of the motor and it depends on the applied voltage,
motor parameters and load on the motor. Accelerating the motor from a lower rpm to the
required rpm will reduce the chance of a motor stall. Torque will be reduced at higher speed.

Ark Electronics Motion Controls India Pvt. Ltd


35/58 Pearl Complex, Palarivattom,
Cochin, Kerala, India, PIN 682025
Tel: +91-484-4016423/2341077

info@arkmotion.com
www.arkmotion.com