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Jacob Alvarez
Professor Collins
ENGL 1301
7 October 2016
Minimum Wage Could Save the Day or Destroy it.
Minimum wage has been a highly controversial for some time now. People on one side
argue that it should stay the same, while others demand it to be raised. Most of the time people
focus on what happens with the jobs when the minimum wage is increased. College professors,
John Lopresti and Kevin Mumford both support this belief, The minimum wage literature has
primarily focused on evaluating the employment effects of a minimum wage increase. (Who
benefits) The wages itself is a very important thing to look into. However, employment will also
be looked into. Minimum wage has become an important issue recently because both sides have
reasonable points with passionate supporters.
It is thought widely that increasing the minimum wage would benefit at least the people
who get the increase, this belief could be wrong. Most people who look into minimum wage
think very narrowly when it comes to the negatives of raising it. John Lopresti and Kevin
Mumford believe, low-wage workers who experience a small increase in the minimum wage
tend to have lower wage growth than if there had been no minimum wage increase. (Who
Benefits) This means that Increasing the minimum wage could lower peoples income even
though they are trying to raise it. This could be because the employer could give the employees
less hours so they end up actually losing money. More simply put, the more the minimum wage
increases, the more employers will feel like they want to have employees working long hours.
They could either close down earlier if business is low or have less workers on site. Increasing

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the minimum wage could cause the people who get the increase in pay each hour, a decreases in
overall income.
Raising the minimum wage has the argument of helping struggling people, this will help
low income workers who rely on minimum wage. David Cooper, a writer for the Respectable
Economy Policy Institute, shares the same belief, Raising the Minimum Wage to $12 by 2020
Would Lift Wages for 35 Million American Workers (Raising the) If this were to come true,
the people who work the same number of hours as usual would be receiving a larger sum of
money. Someone who is trying to get by off of the minimum wage would be given a significantly
larger amount of money. There are enormous amounts of people who rely on minimum wage,
and the boost in it would help them right away. They are arguing that this money will go straight
into the hand of the people who need it. The group of people who want minimum wage not to
increase have another argument to help support their view.
The increase in the minimum wage would cause people to lose their job and have others
not be able to get one. ProCon.org is an experienced and reliable website that brings up the good
and bad reasons to do something. They believe that, Increasing the minimum wage would force
businesses to lay off employees and raise unemployment levels. (Should the) They have
statistics to back up their claim. The increase in minimum wage would mean employers would
have to increase the spending for their employees by a large amount. Of course, this could lead to
layoffs and less people being hired. If people are losing jobs it may not be worth others getting
paid more. This will make it to where there will be two very different groups. One group will be
the ones who are getting paid more so they will have more money to spend. The other group are
the people who lost their jobs and are now struggling. Increasing the minimum wage would hurt
enormous amounts of people because they would not have a job.

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Raising the minimum wage could help spread money from the rich to the middle and
lower class families. Sarah Shemkus is a writer for Salary.com, which is a professional website.
Sarah writes, When low-income households earn more money, they are likely to spend it,
pouring more dollars into the economy, the argument goes. (Increasing the) This is another
argument the people who want minimum wage to increase also present. They argue that if the
lower income families get more money they can start spending it. They believe that with a more
balanced economy that more people would be willing to spend money. They also believe that this
would get the economy going again because small businesses would be getting more money. It
would take a while but the increase could help small businesses get more business, which would
help cause less people to be in poverty. Increasing the minimum wage would help the people in
poverty and the middle class.
There are two very different views when it comes to the minimum wage debate. One side
wants there to be an increase for the minimum wage. Their opposition argue that it will cost
people jobs and hurt Americans overall income. The people who argue for the increase state that
it will boost peoples direct income and there will be more money pouring into the economy.
These are some of the arguments both sides of the spectrum bring up to justify their deferent
views.

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Work Cited
Cooper, David. "Raising the Minimum Wage to $12 by 2020 Would Lift Wages for 35 Million
American Workers." Economic Policy Institute. Economic Policy Institute, 14 July 2015.
Accessed. 13 Oct. 2016. http://www.epi.org/publication/raising-the-minimum-wage-to-12-by2020-would-lift-wages-for-35-million-american-workers/

Lopresti, John W., and Kevin J. Mumford. "Who Benefits From A Minimum Wage Increase?."
ILR Review 69.5 (2016): 1171-1190. Business Source Complete. Accessed. 11 Oct. 2016.
http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=e7d2144d-1410-4d6f-9b820d42575e0256%40sessionmgr1&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d
%3d#AN=117886165&db=bth

"Minimum Wage - ProCon.org." ProConorg Headlines. ProCon.org, 14 July 2016. Accessed. 12


Oct. 2016. http://minimum-wage.procon.org/

Shemkus, Sarah. "Increasing the Minimum Wage: Pros & Cons." Salary.com. Salary.com, n.d.
Accessed. 13 Oct. 2016. http://www.salary.com/increasing-the-minimum-wage-pros-cons/