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ADDIONAL PILE TO REDUCE THE SPAN OF THE PIPELINE

Data
dia of pipe line
1.168 m
inner dia
1.148 m
water dia
1.124 m
shell thickness
0.01 m
cement mortar lining
0.012 m
steel density
78.5 kN/m2
density of water
10 kN/m3
density of cement mortar
22 kN/m3
density of overburden soil
18 kN/m3
span
9m
encasing BxD
1.5
1.5
overburden depth
1.2 m
cross section area of encasing
1.1785384704 m2
cross section area of shell
0.036379728 m2
cross sectional area of cement mortar lining
0.0428262912 m2
cross sectional area of water
0.9922555104 m2
cross sectional area of overburden soil
1.8 m2
pile dia
0.6 m
depth of fixity
6.94 m
load calculation
encasing weight
29.46346176 kN/m
pipe weight
2.855808648 kN/m
mortar lining weight
0.9421784064 kN/m
water weight
9.922555104 kN/m
overburden soil weight
32.4 kN/m
live load( equivalent of 1.2 m of soil)
32.4 kN/m
total
107.9840039 kN/m

bending moment

design calculation
1093.3380397 kNm

section modulus of pipe shell


0.010437221 m3
stress
so the pipe shell is strong enough to carry the load
check for buoyancy
pipe empty and surrounding soil saturated and overburden removed will be worst possible conditio
buoyant force/m of pipe will be
40.5 kN/m
weight without water in pipe is
33.261448814 kN/m
for span of 9m uplift will be
65.14696067 kN
socket friction for 600 dia pile is 56 ton
560 kN
factor of safety
8.5959497456 ok
design of pile cap for 600 dia pile
total load on pile
971.856 kN
pile dia
0.600 m
capacity of 600 dia pile
980 kN
pile cap lenth perpendicular to pipeline
1.8 m

width of pile cap


load/m on pile cap
cantilever loading length
bending moment
depth of pile cap
Ast
reinf in pile
alpha h for seismic
seismic force
moment due to seismic force at point of fixity
ref SP16 required pt

0.9 m
647.904 kN/m
0.45
65.600 kNm
0.450
792 mm2
2261.952 mm2
design of pile
0.04
38.874 kN
269.787 kNm
0.8 percent

THE SPAN OF THE PIPELINE


ta

ulation

culation
1093338040 Nmm
10437221 mm3
104.7537505 less than 165 N/mm2

buoyancy
will be worst possible condition

for 600 dia pile

hence ok

f pile

ENCASING WITH HEAVY REINFORCEMENT


Data
dia of pipe line
1.168 m
inner dia
1.148 m
water dia
1.124 m
shell thickness
0.01 m
cement mortar lining
0.012 m
steel density
78.5 kN/m2
density of water
10 kN/m3
density of cement mortar
22 kN/m3
density of overburden soil
18 kN/m3
span
18 m
encasing BxD
1.5
1.5
overburden depth
1.2 m
cross section area of encasing
1.1785384704 m2
cross section area of shell
0.036379728 m2
cross sectional area of cement mortar lining
0.0428262912 m2
cross sectional area of water
0.9922555104 m2
cross sectional area of overburden soil
1.8 m2
load calculation
encasing weight
29.46346176 kN/m
pipe weight
2.855808648 kN/m
mortar lining weight
0.9421784064 kN/m
water weight
9.922555104 kN/m
overburden soil weight
32.4 kN/m
live load( equivalent of 1.2 m of soil)
32.4 kN/m
total
107.9840039 kN/m

bending moment

design calculation
4373.3521587 kNm

section modulus of pipe shell


0.010437221 m3
stress
so the pipe shell is not strong enough to carry the load
moment capacity of pipe shell
1722141458 Nmm
balance moment capacity required
2651210701 Nmm
this capacity will be provided by RCC encasing designed as hollow beam
design of encasing as RCC beam
check whether size of encasing is sufficient
Mu =1.5x balance moment
3976816051
Mulim of encasing cross section
11622531443 Nmm
the encasing section is sufficient to carry the load as RCC beam
b
1500
d
1450
Mu/bd2
1.2609801192
pt
0.4203267064 percent
Ast
9457.3508939 mm2
Vu
1457784.0529 N

tau v
Vus
for 10 mm stirrups Ast
sv

0.6479040235 N/mm2
805284.0529 N
158 mm2
106.25921337 mm
check for buoyancy
pipe empty and surrounding soil saturated and overburden removed will be worst possible conditio
buoyant force/m of pipe will be
40.5 kN/m
weight without water in pipe is
33.261448814 kN/m
for span of 18m uplift will be
130.29392134 kN
socket friction for 600 dia pile is 56 ton
560 kN
factor of safety
4.2979748728 ok

AVY REINFORCEMENT
ta

culation

alculation
4373352159 Nmm
10437221 mm3
419.0150018 more than 165 N/mm2

provide 12 no 32 dia at bottom

M 30 concrete min tau c 0.29

10 dia stirrups at 100 c/c


buoyancy
ed will be worst possible condition

ENCASING WITH HEAVY REINFORCEMENT


Data
dia of pipe line
1.168 m
inner dia
1.148 m
water dia
1.124 m
shell thickness
0.01 m
cement mortar lining
0.012 m
steel density
78.5 kN/m2
density of water
10 kN/m3
density of cement mortar
22 kN/m3
density of overburden soil
18 kN/m3
span
4m
encasing BxD
1.5
1.5
overburden depth
1.2 m
cross section area of encasing
1.1785384704 m2
cross section area of shell
0.036379728 m2
cross sectional area of cement mortar lining
0.0428262912 m2
cross sectional area of water
0.9922555104 m2
cross sectional area of overburden soil
1.8 m2
load calculation
encasing weight
29.46346176 kN/m
pipe weight
2.855808648 kN/m
mortar lining weight
0.9421784064 kN/m
water weight
9.922555104 kN/m
overburden soil weight
32.4 kN/m
live load( equivalent of 1.2 m of soil)
32.4 kN/m
total
107.9840039 kN/m

bending moment
section modulus required
3 no ISMB 600 will be required
total Z

design calculation
1403.7920509 kNm
8507830.6118 mm3
3060 cm3
9180 cm3

AVY REINFORCEMENT
ta

culation

alculation
1403792051 Nmm
8507.830612 cm3

grade of steel
grade of concrete
xu
concrete depth above shell
depth of circular arc
outer radius of pipe
depth arc to center
cos theta
theta
horz of arc
circle area
sector area
triangle area
net deduction area
net concrete area upto NA
concrete force
steel force
moment

HOLLOW BEAM DESIGN


415 N/mm2
30 N/mm2
210.7763296 mm
166
44.77632964
584
539.2236704
0.923328203
22.5938568
224.2628666
1.07146153 m2
0.13449138 m2
134491.4 mm2
120927.846 mm2
13563.53377 mm2
302600.9607 mm2
3268090.376 N
3414576.54 N
4411922007 ok it is more than
3976816051

balance moment