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A.

SOIL INVESTIGATION REPORT

A.1

Construction of building

A.1.1 SITE
No details regarding any previous explorations carried out at the site or nearby
are available for reference.
The site plan contains the position and relative location of the borehole. The
locations of the borehole have been selected so as to cover the area and stratification
where the proposed building is to be constructed.

A.1.2 METHOD OF EXPLORATION


Rotary core drill was used for conducting boring operation in the site. Standard
penetration tests were conducted at specified intervals and invariably at change of
layers. Disturbed samples were collected for visual observation and classification
tests.
The work at site was commenced on 10-03-2014 and completed on 25-03-2014.
The weather during the operation was dry.

A.1.3. SOIL PROFILE


The general soil profile at the borehole locations are drawn and are presented in
bore log charts. The firm undertook only three borehole observations at the site, as
per the locations marked in site plan.

A.2 Standard penetration test

Standard penetration test (SPT) to find N values were conducted in the bore
holes at specified intervals. The values are graphically represented in the bore log
charts.

A.3 Analysis of soil data


Three bore holes are taken. In bore hole 1, top 4.5 m is fine dense sand whereas
in BH 2 and 3, fine dense sand is present upto 7.5 m. In all bore holes loose clayey
sand is seen from 9 m to 17 m. From 17 m to 35 m stiff lateritic clay and sandy clay
is present. Dense sand is present from 35 m to end of boring.

A.4 Recommendation for foundation


For medium heavy structures, strip raft foundation is recommended over fine
sand strata at top. Safe bearing capacity is estimated as 12t/m2 below ground level for
1.2 m wide foundation.
For heavy structures, bored cast in-situ piles 46 m long penetrated into dense
sand is recommended. Safe capacities of such piles of different diameters are given
below.
Dia of pile

Capacity

40.0 cm

62 mT

45.0 cm

75 mT

50.0 cm

95 mT

60.0 cm

140 mT

Table A1

Object : Residential building


Site : Kacheripadi, Ernakulam
Bore hole No. : I
Type of boring : Rotary Drilling
Depth Pro
in
file
Mtr.
Belo
w G/L
0.00
1.60
2.80
4.20
5.40
6.90

Visual Description
of Soil

Fine sand with


pebbles(Red/brown)
Fine sand
(brown/yellow)
Fine sand with little
clay (yellow)
Sandy clay with
shell dust (grey)
Sandy clay with silt
(grey)
Clay with shell dust
and sand (grey)

Date of Commence : 10.03.2014


Date of Completion : 12.03.2014
Ground Water level : 1.60 m below G/L

Thick
ness
of
Layer
(m)

BORE LOG
Standard Penetration Test
Data
Depth
(m)

15

30

45

1.60

1.00

10

1.20

2.00

15

1.40

3.00

17

23

43

1.20

4.50

34

28

22

>50

value

Graph of N value
10

20

30

40

50

Remarks
>
50

(Bal-5cm)

1.50

6.00

10

1.50

7.50

8.40

Clay sand (grey)


4.20

12.60

Clay (black)
3.30

15.90

19.80

Lateritic clay with


pebbles (Red/grey)

3.90

Stiff lateritic clay

9.00

10.50

12.00
13.50

1
1

2
1

1
1

3
2

15.00

15.50
17.00

50

>50

19.00

10

11

21

21.00

14

23

23.00

10

12

17
(Bal-44cm)

4.40

Object : Residential building


Site : Kacheripadi, Ernakulam
Bore hole No. : I
Type of boring : Rotary Drilling
Depth Pro
in
file
Mtr.
Belo
w G/L
24.20

Visual Description
of Soil

Sandy clay (Grey)

Date of Commence : 10.03.2014


Date of Completion : 12.03.2014
Ground Water level : 1.60 m below G/L

Thick
ness
of
Layer
(M)
12.00

BORE LOG
Standard Penetration Test
Data
Depth
(M)

15

30

45

25.00

12

11 23

28.00

10 18

31.00

10

34.00

10

11 20

valu
e

16

Graph of N value
10

20

3
0

40

50

Remarks
>
50

36.20

Sand with little clay


(Grey)

37.60

Stiff charcoalic clay


with sand
(Brown/Grey)
Charcoalic clay
(Brown)

41.40
44.80

50.00

Coarse sand with


little clay (Grey)

1.40

37.00

18

19

21

40

3.80

40.00

32

50

>50
(Bal.25cm)

3.40

43.00

11

15

16

31

46.00

50

>50

50.00

50

>50

5.20

(Bal.31cm)

End of the bore hole


at 50 m depth

(Bal.31cm)

Table A2
Object : Residential building
Site : Kacheripadi, Ernakulam
Bore hole No. : II
Type of boring : Rotary Drilling
Depth Pro
in
file
Mtr.
Belo
w G/L
0.00

Visual Description
of Soil

Date of Commence : 13.03.2014


Date of Completion : 16.03.2014
Ground Water level : 1.60 m below G/L

Thick
ness
of
Layer
(M)

Fine sand (brown)

BORE LOG
Standard Penetration Test Graph of N value
Data
Depth
(M)

15

30

45

1.00

2.00

11

3.00

15

16

18

34

value

2.70
2.70

Fine sand with little


clay (yellow/grey)

1.50

10

20

30

40

50

Remarks
>
50

4.20

Fine sand (grey)

5.00

Sandy clay with


shell dust (grey)

8.20

0.80

Clay with shell dust


and sand (grey)

18.10

21.60

Laterite clay with


pebbles (Red/grey)
Lateritic clay
(Red/grey)
Silty clay with little
sand (brown)

28

35

15

6.00

25

31

19

7.50

26

28

22

>5
0

9.00

10.50

12.00

13.50

15.00

17.00

11

19

19.00

18

21.00
23.00

13

13

16

29
11

25.00

11

2.60

(Bal-5cm)

3.50
4.40

Object: Residential building


Site : Kacheripadi, Ernakulam
Bore hole No. : II
Type of boring : Rotary Drilling
Depth Pro
in
file
Mtr.
Belo
w G/L

Visual Description
of Soil

(Bal-3cm)

3.20

7.30

15.50

>5
0
>5
0

4.50

(Bal-2cm)

Date of Commence : 13.03.2014


Date of Completion : 16.03.2014
Ground Water level : 1.60 m below G/L

Thick
ness
of
Layer
(M)

BORE LOG
Standard Penetration Test
Data
Depth
(M)

15

30

45

N
value

Graph of N value
10

20

30

40

50

Remarks
>
50

26.00

Sandy clay (brown)

28.00

18

31.00

10

17

34.00

11

20

37.00

50

>50

40.00

50

>50

4.60

43.00

11

25

0.70

46.00

50

>50

9.40

35.40

41.30
45.90

46.60
52.00
54.20

Coarse sand with


little clay (grey)
Decayed wood with
silt (brown)
Coarse sand to
medium sand
(white/brown)
Medium sand
(brown)
Charcoalic clay
(brown)

6.90

(Bal-32cm)
(Bal-35cm)

(Bal-39cm)

5.40

49.00

50

>50

2.20

53.00

11

20

55.00

11

58.00

15

18

22

40

60.00

23

25

25

>50

Clay sand (grey)

(Bal-32cm)

4.30
58.50
60.00

Fine sand with clay


(white)
End of the bore hole
at 60 m depth

1.50

(Bal-3cm)

Object : Residential building


Site
: Kacheripadi, Ernakulam
Bore hole No. : III
Type of boring : Rotary Drilling

Date of Commence : 17.03.2014


Date of Completion : 25.03.2014
Ground Water level : 1.60 m below
BORE LOG

Depth Pro
in
file
Mtr.
Belo
w G/L
0.00

Visual Description
of Soil

1.60

Fine sand (yellow)

2.80

Fine sand (greenish)

3.50

Fine sand (yellow)

4.70

Fine sand (brown)

7.20

Fine sand with little


clay (grey)
Silty clay with shell
dust (grey)

8.80
10.30

Fine sand (greenish)

Thick
ness
of
Layer
(M)

Standard Penetration Test


Data

Graph of N value

Depth
(M)

15

10

1.60

1.00

1.20

2.00

10

0.70

3.00

10

11

21

1.20

4.50

14

14

10

24

2.50

6.00

50

>50

21.50

45

N
value

1.60

7.50

50

>50

1.50

9.00

10.50

12.00

13.50

15.00

17.00

19.00

12

20

21.00

12

21

Clayey sand with silt


2.30 A323.00
(brown)
Table

13

Clayey sand with silt


(grey)

Lateritic clay
(Red/grey)

Object : Residential building

20

30

40

50

>
50

(B

7.20

17.50

30

4.00

Date of Commence : 17.03.2014

(B

Site
: Kacheripadi, Ernakulam
Bore hole No. : III
Type of boring : Rotary Drilling
Depth Pro
in
file
Mtr.
Belo
w G/L
23.80

Visual Description
of Soil

Date of Completion : 25.03.2014


Ground Water level : 1.60 m below G

Thick
ness
of
Layer
(M)

Clayey sand (brown)

BORE LOG
Standard Penetration Test
Data
Depth
(M)

15

30

45

25.00

11

28.00

13

15

28

31.00

20

32

18

>50

34.00

18

25

25

>50

37.00

15

16

18

34

40.00

50

>50

value

11.60

Graph of N value
10

20

30

40

50

R
>
50

(B

35.40
37.50

Charcoalic clay
(brown)
Coarse sand(white)

2.10
7.50

45.00

(B

(B

43.00
46.00

50

>50

50

>50

49.00

50

>50

(B

2.60

52.00

>
50

>50

(B

2.60

55.00

22

28

22

>50

(B

Coarse sand(white)

(B

5.40
50.40
53.00
55.60
58.50
59.80
61.80
65.00

Medium sand mixed


with clay(grey)
Clayey sand (white)
Charcoalic clay
(brown/grey)
Stiff clay (white)

2.90

(B

1.30

59.00

14

Clayey sand
(white/grey)

2.00

62.00

33

Fine sand with little


clay (white/grey)

3.20

65.00

>
50

End of bore hole at


65 m depth

16

>
50

22

38

>50

>50

(B

(B

Table A4

9.0

10.5

12.0

13.5

15.0

>5
0
17

15.5

SM

SPT-5

-do-

SM

SPT-6

Silty clay with sand


(dark grey)

CH

SPT-7

-do-

CH

SPT-8

Silty clay(dark grey)

CH

SPT-9

-do-

CH

SPT-10

-do-

CH

SPT-11

-do-

CH

SPT-12

(No samples collected)

CH

SPT-13

Lateritic clay with sand


and gravel(yellowish
red)

CH

17.0

93

91

87

11

55

38

64

36

61

39

16

21

25

38

76

79

WET DENSITY

SPECIFIC GRAVITY

7.5

Silty sand with shell


particles(light grey)

WATER CONTENT %

6.0

SPT-4

91

Gm/cc

4.5

`Fine sand (white)

WL= 1.60 m
Gm/cc DRY DENSITY

>5
0
6

SPT-3

CLAY %

3.0

-do-

SILT %

43

SPT-2

SPSM
SPSM
SPSM

SAND %

2.0

Fine sand(light grey)

GRAVEL %

15

SPT-1

Classification I.S

1.0

SAMPLE No.

(metres) DEPTH

N VALUE
10

PLASTIC LIMIT

Note: samples are provided to us


M.C.,density and shear test of SPT samples are done
on remoulded specimen

GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS

Description

Bore
No.1
Datehole
of boring
10-03-2014

Test Results

LIQUID LIMIT

Test
Date
Result
of
s proposed
boring
Project: Soil investigation for the
10-03building at Ernakulam
2014

1.68

1.96

17

2.6

0.64

1.33

108

2.4

0.7

1.36

95

2.4

31

34

PLASTIC LIMIT

SAND %

SILT %

CLAY %

CH

11

35

46

85

30

CH

19

37

45

79

32

49

27

21

SAMPLE No.

(metres) DEPTH

N VALUE

GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS

19.0
SPT-14

Description

Lateritic clay with sand


&
gravel(yellowish red)
Lateritic clay with
sand(red)

23

21.0

12

23.0

SPT-16

Lateritic clay(red)

CH

43

51

23

25.0

SPT-17

Clayey sand (grey)

SC

58

22

20

18

28.0

SPT-18

-do-

SC

62

23

50

16

31.0

SPT-19

-do-

SC

20

34.0

SPT-20

-do-

SC

61

21

18

40

37.0

SPT-21

Silty sand (grey)

SM

88

12

>5
0

40.0

31

43.0

SPT-15

SPT-22

SPT-23
>5
0

46.0

>5
0

50.0

Sandy clayey silt with


organic matter(dark
grey)
Silty clay with little
organic matter( dark
grey)

SPT-24

Fine sand (light grey)

SPT-25

-do-

OL

41

39

20

46

28

CH

59

41

79

33

95

95

SPSM
SPSM

W
Gm/cc DRY DENSITY

LIQUID LIMIT

GRAVEL %

Note: samples are provided to us


M.C.,density and shear test of SPT samples are done
on remoulded specimen

Classification I.S

Project: Soil investigation for the proposed


building at Ernakulam

1.33

AREA : 77.61 cents


ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN CM

SCALE 1:1

1200

1500

SITE PLAN

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
CUSAT
1550

PROJECT BY

3300
1600
1000

AMAL DEV
ANJALI P.
FATHIMA K.J.
NADIR
PRAPHULRAJ
SAHA HANEEF