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Multi Choice Question for Mechanical Engineering

1. One of the following methods is adopted for governing of steam turbines in a power plant
throttle governing
2. Quick return motion is used in a shaper
3. Sprue is the passing provided for the inflow
4. A refigerant used in the domestic refrigerator is freon
5. Rapping allowance is provided on a pattern to take care of easy withdrawl
6. Brasses and bronzes are welded using neutral flame
7. Which of the following is not used as a refrigerant ? carbon monoxide
8. Draft on a pattern is provided for providing for strinkage of the casting
9. Feed in a lathe is expressed in mm per revolution
10. In upcut milling the work piece is fed against the rotating cutter
11. The operation of enlarging of a hole is called boring
12. For the purpose of comparison, the steam generating capacity of a boiler is generally expressed in terms of
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

equivalent evaporation
Mandrels are used to hold hollow work pieces
Which of the following operations cannot be performed on a lathe slotting
The output of a gas turbine is 300 KW and its efficiency is 20 percent, the heat supplied is 15 KW
Reducing flame is obtained in oxyactetylane welding with excess of acetylene
The pump with a low initial cost and low maintenance cost is centrifugal pump
An aircraft gas turbine operates on Bryton cycle
Upsetting is the term used in one of the following operations forging
One of the following objectives is not achieved by the process of annealing to increase the yield point
One of the materials used for making surface plate is granite
The range of a projectile is maximum, when the angle of projection is 45
One of the following function is not performed by coating on the welding electrodes increase the cooling rate
If the resultant of two equal forces has the same magnitude as either of the forces, then the angle between the

two forces is 120


25. A micrometer screw has pitch of 0.5 mm and the themble has 100 equal divisions marked on it, the least count
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.

of the instrument in mm is 0.005


A smooth cylinder lying on its convex surface remains in __________ equilibrium. unstable
The friction experienced by a body, when in motion, is known as dynamic friction
The objective of time study is to determine the time taken by efficient machine utilization
The breakeven point is that volume of production where no profit exists
The melting point of the filler material in brazing should be above 420 deg C
In a process chart the inverted triangle symbol indicates storage
Two balls of equal mass and of perfectly elastic material are lying on the floor. One of the ball with velocity v

is made to struck the second ball. Both the balls after impact will move with a velocity v/2
33. The range of projectile on a downward inclined plane is __________ the range on upward inclined plane for
the same velocity of projection and angle of projection. more than
34. A product layout is generally suggested for continuous type of production
35. The force required to move the body up the plane will be minimum if it makes an angle with the inclined
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

plane __________ the angle of friction. equal to


In oxacetylane welding, acetylene is produced using Ca C2 and H2O
The mechanical advantage of a lifting machine is the ratio of load lifted to the effort applied
Static friction is always __________ dynamic friction greater than
Feeler gauges are used for measuring the clearances between mating parts
The algebraic sum of the resolved parts of a number of forces in a given direction is equal to the resolved part

of their resultant in the same direction. This is known as principle of resolution of forces
41. During elastic impact, the relative velocity of the two bodies after impact is __________ the relative velocity
of the two bodies before impact.
42. The maximum frictional force, which comes into play, when a body just begins to slide over the surface of the
other body, is known as limiting friction
43. A body will begin to move down an inclined plane if the angle of inclination of the plane is __________ the
angle of friction. greater than

44.
45.
46.
47.

The angle between two forces when the resultant is maximum and minimum respectively are 0 and 180
The law of motion involved in the recoil of gun is Newton's third law of motion
The velocity ratio of a first system of pulleys with 4 pulleys is 16
If tension in the cable supporting a lift moving downwards is half the tension when it is moving upwards, the

acceleration of the lift is none of these


48. Two like parallel forces are acting at a distance of 24 mm apart and their resultant is 20 N. It the line of action
of the resultant is 6 mm from any given force, the two forces are 15 N and 5 N
49. Coplanar concurrent forces are those forces which meet at one point and their lines of action also lie on the
same plane
50. If the number of pulleys in a system is equal to its velocity ratio, then it is a __________ system of pulleys
second
51. One joule means that work is done by a force of 1 N when it displaces a body through 1m
52. One watt is equal to 1 joule/s
53. During elastic impact, the relative velocity of the two bodies after impact is __________ the relative velocity
of the two bodies before impact. equal and opposite to
54. When two elastic bodies collide with each other, all of the above
55. The bodies which rebound after impact are called elastic bodies
56. When a rigid body is suspended vertically, and it oscillates with a small amplitude under the action of the
force of gravity, the body is known as compound pendulum
57. The unit of power in S.I. units is watt
58. Three forces acting on a rigid body are represented in magnitude, direction and line of action by the three
sides of a triangle taken in order. The forces are equivalent to a couple whose moment is equal to twice the
area of the triangle
59. The force, by which the body is attracted, towards the centre of the earth, is called weight
60. The algebraic sum of the resolved parts of a number of forces in a given direction is equal to the resolved part
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.

of their resultant in the same direction. This is known as principle of resolution of forces
A redundant frame is also called __________ frame. imperfect
An ideal machine is one whose efficiency is 100%
The amplitude is always __________ radius of the circle. equal to
When a body falls freely under gravitational force, it possesses __________ weight. no
Moment of inertia of a triangular section of base (b) and height (h) about an axis passing through its vertex

and parallel to the base, is __________ than that passing through its C.G. and parallel to the base. nine times
66. The moment of a force all of the above
67. The matter contained in a body, is called mass
68. According to lamis theorem if the three forces acting at a point are in equilibrium, then each force is
proportional to the sine of the angle between the other two
69. Which of the following statement is correct? The periodic time of a particle moving with simple harmonic
motion is the time taken by a particle for one complete oscillation,
70. Which of the following statement is incorrect? The velocity ratio of a machine is the ratio of load lifted to the
effort applied.
71. In a single threaded worm and worm wheel, the number of teeth on the worm is 50. The diameter of the effort
wheel is 100 mm and that of load drum is 50 mm. The velocity ratio is 100
72. Which of the following are vector quantities? all of these
73. The total motion possessed by a body, is called momentum
74. The forces, which meet at one point and their lines of action also lie on the same plane, are known as coplaner
concurrent forces
75. The friction experienced by a body, when at rest, is known as static friction
76. The centre of gravity of a quadrant of a circle lies along its central radius (r) at a distance of 0.6r
77. The angle of inclination of the plane at which the body begins to move down the plane, is called angle of
friction

78. A lead ball with a certain velocity is made to strike a wall, it falls down, but rubber ball of same mass and with
same velocity strikes the same wall, it rebounds. Select the correct reason from the following: the change in
momentum suffered by rubber ball is more than the lead ball
79. The unit of energy in S.I. units is joule
80. A machine having an efficiency greater than 50%, is known as reversible machine
81. If a number of coplaner forces acting at a point be in equilibrium, the sum of clockwise moments must be
__________ the sum of anticlockwise moments, about any point. equal to
Mechanics
1. Which of the following are vector quantities? all of these
2. Which of the following is a scalar quantity? Speed
3. The point, through which the whole weight of the body acts, irrespective of its position, is known as centre of
gravity
4. Non-coplaner concurrent forces are those forces which meet at one point, but their lines of action do not lie on
the same plane
5. Which of the following statement is correct? The kinetic energy of a body before impact is more than the
kinetic energy of a body after impact.
6. The minimum force required to slide a body of weight W on a rough horizontal plane is W tan
7. The motion of a particle round a fixed axis is circular
8. If a number of forces are acting at a point, theirresultant will be inclined at an angle with the horizontal, such
that tan = V/H
9. The velocity ratio in case of an inclined plane inclined at angle to the horizontal and weight being pulled up
the inclined plane by vertical effort is sin
10. The rate of change of momentum is directly proportional to the impressed force, and takes place in the same
direction in which the force acts. This statement is known as Newton's second law of motion
11. In ideal machines, mechanical advantage is __________ velocity ratio. equal to
12. The maximum efficiency of a lifting machine is 1/m x V.R.
13. A body of weight W is required to move up on rough inclined plane whose angle of inclination with the
horizontal is . The effort applied parallel to the plane is given by(where = tan = Coefficient of friction
between the plane and the body.) P = W (sin + cos)
14. The angular velocity (in rad / s) of a body rotating at N revolutions per minute is 2N/60
15. The centre of gravity of a semi-circle lies at a distance of __________ from its base measured along the
vertical radius. 4r/ 3
16. The principle of transmissibility of forces states that, when a force acts upon a body, its effect is minimum, if
it acts at the centre of gravity of the body
17. Concurrent forces are those forces whose lines of action meet at one point
18. According to the law of moments, if a number of coplaner forces acting on a particle are in equilibrium, then
the algebraic sum of their moments about any point in their plane is zero
19. A differential pulley block has larger and smaller diameters of 100 mm and 80 mm respectively. Its velocity
ratio is 10
20. A machine having an efficiency less than 50%, is known as non-reversible machine
21. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 2 m. If there is no loss of velocity after rebounding, the ball will rise
to a height of 2m
22. When the spring of a watch is wound, it will possess strain energy
23. A couple produces rotational motion
24. The forces, which meet at one point and their lines of action also lie on the same plane, are known as coplaner
25.
26.
27.
28.

concurrent forces
The unit of work in S.I. units is joule
For a self locking machine, the efficiency must be less than 50%
The periodic time (T) is given by(where = Angular velocity of particle in rad / s.) 2/
The total energy possessed by a system of moving bodies is constant at every instant

29. One joule is equal to 1 N-m


30. The static friction all of the above
31. The total momentum of a system of masses (i. e. moving bodies) in any one direction remains constant, unless
acted upon by an external force in that direction. This statement is called principle of conservation of
momentum
32. In a screw jack, the effort required to lift the load is given by (where W = Load lifted, = Helix angle, and =
Angle of friction.) P = W tan ( + )
33. Varingons theorem of moments states that if a number of coplaner forces acting on a particle are in
equilibrium, then the algebraic sum of their moments about any point is equal to the moment of their resultant
force about the same point.
34. The resultant of the two forces P and Q is R. If Q is doubled, the new resultant is perpendicular to P. Then Q =
R
35. Whenever a force acts on a body and the body undergoes a displacement, then work is said to be done
36. The rate of change of displacement of a body is called velocity
37. A framed structure is imperfect, if the number of members are __________ (2j 3). either less than or greater
than
38. The rate of doing work is known as power
39. The unit of energy in S.I. units is joule
40. The angle of inclination of the plane at which the body begins to move down the plane, is called angle of
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.

friction
Moment of inertia is the all of these
The term centroid is the same as centre of gravity
The maximum mechanical advantage of a lifting machine is 1 / m
Which of the following are vector quantities? all of these
The total motion possessed by a body, is called momentum
The matter contained in a body, is called mass
The moment of a force all of the above
If P is the force acting on the body, m is the mass of the body and a is the acceleration of the body, then

according to Newtons second law of motion, P - m.a = 0


49. According to lamis theorem if the three forces acting at a point are in equilibrium, then each force is
proportional to the sine of the angle between the other two
50. The centre of gravity of a quadrant of a circle lies along its central radius (r) at a distance of 0.6r
51. The law of the machine is(where P = Effort applied to lift the load, m = A constant which is equal to the slope
of the line, W = Load lifted, and C = Another constant which represents the machine friction.) P = mW + C
52. The friction experienced by a body, when at rest, is known as static friction
53. A lead ball with a certain velocity is made to strike a wall, it falls down, but rubber ball of same mass and with
same velocity strikes the same wall, it rebounds. Select the correct reason from the following: the change in
momentum suffered by rubber ball is more than the lead ball
54. A machine having an efficiency greater than 50%, is known as reversible machine
55. Moment of inertia of a triangular section of base (b) and height (h) about an axis passing through its vertex
and parallel to the base, is __________ than that passing through its C.G. and parallel to the base. nine times
56. An ideal machine is one whose efficiency is 100%
57. In a single threaded worm and worm wheel, the number of teeth on the worm is 50. The diameter of the effort
wheel is 100 mm and that of load drum is 50 mm. The velocity ratio is 100
58. The energy possessed by a body, for doing work by virtue of its position, is called potential energy
59. The coefficient of restitution for inelastic bodies is zero
60. Which of the following statement is incorrect? The velocity ratio of a machine is the ratio of load lifted to the
effort applied.
61. The unit of force in S.I. system of units is newton
62. The forces, whose lines of action are parallel to each other and act in the same directions, are known as like
parallel forces

63. Two forces are acting at an angle of 120. The bigger force is 40N and the resultant is perpendicular to the
smaller one. The smaller force is20 N
64. In order to completely specify angular displacement by a vector, it must fix all of these
65. A pendulum which executes one beat per second is known as second's pendulum
66. A number of forces acting at a point will be in equilibrium, if sumof resolved parts in the vertical direction is
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.

zero (i.e. V = 0)
The acceleration of a body sliding down an inclined surface is g sin
Joule is the unit of work
The length of a seconds pendulum is 99.4cm
The efficiency of a lifting machine is the ratio of all of the above
The unit of angular velocity is The unit of angular velocity is both rad/s and revolutions/min
A ladder is resting on a rough ground and leaning against a smooth vertical wall. The force of friction will act

zero at its upper end


73. The three forces of 100 N, 200 N and 300 N have their lines of action parallel to each other but act in the
opposite directions. These forces are known as unlike parallel forces
74. The slope on the road surface generally provided on the curves is known as angle of banking
75. The velocity ratio of a simple wheel and axle with D and d as the diameters of effort wheel and load axle, is D
/d
76. The centre of gravity a T-section 100 mm x 150 mm x 50 mm from its bottom is 87.5mm
77. A ladder is resting on a smooth ground and leaning against a rough vertical wall. The force of friction will act
upward at its upper end
78. A spherical body is symmetrical about its perpendicular axis. According to Rouths rule, the moment of inertia
of a body about an axis passing through its centre of gravity is(where, M = Mass of the body, and S = Sum of
the squares of the two semi-axes.) MS/5
79. Which of the following statement is correct in connection with projectiles? all of the above
80. If a body is acted upon by a number of coplaner non-concurrent forces, it may all of these
Strength of Materials
1. In a loaded beam, the point of con-traflexture occurs at a section where bending moment is zero or changes
sign
2. Pick up the incorrect statement Welding takes more time than riveting.
3. The ratio of elongations of a conical bar due to its own weight and that of a prismatic bar of the same length,
is 1/3
4. For a simply supported beam with a central load, the bending moment is maximum at the centre
5. If the width of a simply supported beam carrying an isolated load at its centre is doubled, the deflection of the
6.
7.
8.
9.

beam at the centre is changed by


The deflection of any rectangular beam simply supported, is inversely proportional to the cube of its depth
A three-hinged arch is said to be : statically determinate structure
The weakest section of a diamond riveting, is the section which passes through first row
A beam of length L is pinned at both ends and is subjected to a concentrated bending couple of moment M at

its centre. The maximum bending moment in the beam is M


10. The ratio of the maximum deflections of a beam simply supported at its ends with an isolated central load and
that of with a uniformly distributed load over its entire length, is 2/3
11. The slenderness ratio of a vertical column of a square cross-section of 2.5 cm sides and 300 cm length, is 416
12. The shape of the bending moment diagram over the length of a beam, carrying a uniformly distributed load is
always parabolic
13. If the shear force along a section of a beam is zero, the bending moment at the section is maximum
14. The minimum number of rivets for the connection of a gusset plate, is 2
15. The maximum twisting moment a shaft can resist, is the product of the permissible shear stress and polar
modulus

16. If two forces acting at a joint are not along the straight line, then for the equilibrium of the joint each force
must be zero
17. The ratio of the moment of inertia of a circular plate and that of a square plate for equal depth, is equal to
3/16
18. As compared to uniaxial tension or compression, the strain energy stored in bending is only 1/3
19. The ratio of strengths of solid to hollow shafts, both having outside diameter D and hollow having inside
diameter D/2, in torsion, is 15/16
20. The shape of the bending moment diagram over the length of a beam, having no external load, is always linear
21. An arch may be subjected to thrust, shear force and bending moment.
22. When loads are applied proportionately to a frame structure containing its members in one plane, the structure
is called space frame
23. The law which states, within elastic limits strain produced is proportional to the stress producing it, is
24.
25.
26.
27.

known as Hooke's law


The shear stress at any section of a shaft is maximum at the top of the surface
In a beam, the neutral plane does not change during deformation
A beam is said to be of uniform strength, if bending stress is same throughout the beam
The length of a column, having a uniform circular cross-section of 7.5 cm diameter and whose ends are
hinged, is 5 m. If the value of E for the material is 2100 tonnes/cm2, the permissible maximum crippling load

will be 12.88
28. In a three hinged arch, the shear force is usually maximum at springings
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.

The radius of gyration of a rectangular section is not proportional to none of these.


The number of points of contraflexure in a simple supported beam carrying uniformly distributed load, is 0
Influence lines are drawn for structures none of these
The maximum bending moment due to a moving load on a simply supported beam, occurs under the load
A simply supported beam carrying a uniformly distributed load over its whole span, is propped at the centre of
the span so that the beam is held to the level of the end supports. The reaction of the prop will be 5/8th the

distributed load
34. Pick up the correct statement from the following : all
35. A three hinged parabolic arch hinged at the crown and springings, has a horizontal span of 4.8 m and a central
rise of 1 m. It carries a uniformly distributed load of 0.75 tonne per metre over half left hand span. The
horizontal thrust at the support will be 1.08 tonnes
36. A reinforced concrete beam is assumed to be made of heterogeneous material
37. If a three hinged parabolic arch carries a uniformly distributed load on its entire span, every section of the arch
resists. compressive force
38. The range within which a load can be applied on a rectangular column, to avoid any tensile stress, is one-fifth
of the base
39. The region of the cross-section of a column in which compressive load may be applied without producing any
tensile stress, is known as the core of the cross-section. In circular columns the radius of the core, is onequarter of the radius
40. If the rivets in adjacent rows are staggered and outermost row has only one rivet, the arrangement of the
rivets, is called diamond riveting
41. The value of Poissons ratio always remains less than one
42. If the length of a cantilever carrying an isolated load at its free end is doubled, the deflection of the free end
will increase by 1/8
43. The stress necessary to initiate yielding, is considerably more than that necessary to continue it
44. A column is said to be of medium size if its slenderness ratio is between 32 and 120
45. A cast iron T section beam is subjected to pure bending. For maximum compressive stress to be three times
the maximum tensile stress, centre of gravity of the section from flange side is h/4
46. For a beam, if fundamental equations of statics are not sufficient to determine all the reactive forces at the
supports, the structure is said to be statically indeterminate

47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.

The rise of a parabolic arch at quarter points, is equal to 3/4 times the rise of the crown
The moment diagram for a cantilever which is subjected to a uniformly distributed load will be a parabola
The effect of arching a beam, is to reduce the bending moment throughout
The phenomenon of slow growth of strain under a steady tensile stress, is called creeping
Hookes law states that stress and strain are directly proportional
Strain energy of any member may be defined as work done on it all
Ties are load carrying members of a frame, which are subjected to axial tension loads
The areas of cross-section of a square beam and a circular beam subjected to equal bending moments, are

same. square beam is more economical


55. When two plates butt together and are riveted with two cover plates with two rows of rivets, the joint is
known as double riveted double cover butt joint.
56. If the depth of a simply supported beam carrying an isolated load at its centre, is doubled, the deflection of the
beam at the centre will be changed by a factor of 1/8
57. The moment diagram for a cantilever carrying linearly varying load from zero at its free end and to maximum
at the fixed end will be a cubic parabola.
58. For a beam having fixed ends, the unknown element of the reactions, is horizontal and vertical components at
both the ends.
59. For the same height, the bottom width for no tension, for triangular section is same as that of a rectangular
section
60. The bending moment is maximum on a section where shearing force changes sign
61. The ratio of the effective length of a column and minimum radius of gyration of its cross-sectional area, is
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.

known slenderness ratio


For a stable frame structure, number of members required, is twice the number of joints minus three (2j-3)
The following assumption is not true in the theory of pure torsion : All radii get twisted due to torsion.
Shear force for a cantilever carrying a uniformly distributed load over its length, is rectangle
The moment diagram for a cantilever whose free end is subjected to a bending moment, will be a rectangle
To ascertain the maximum permissible eccentricity of loads on circular columns, the rule generally followed,

is middle fourth rule of columns


67. The under mentioned type is simple strain all
68. A member is balanced at its end by two inclined members carrying equal forces. For equilibrium the angle
between the inclined bars must be 120
69. In a continuous bending moment curve the point where it changes sign, is called all
70. Beams of uniform strength are preferred to those of uniform section because these are economical for large
spans
71. In a solid arch, shear force acts perpendicular to the axis of arch
72. A rectangular log of wood is floating in water with a load of 100 N at its centre. The maximum shear force in
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.

the wooden log is 100 N at the centre


Reactions at the supports of a structure can be determined by equating the algebraic sum of all
The neutral axis of a beam cross-section must pass through the centroid of the section
Failure of riverted joints is due to all
Pick up the correct assumption of the theory of simple bending all
When a rectangular beam is loaded transversely, the maximum compressive stress develops on top fibre
For keeping the stress wholly compressive the load may be applied on a circular column anywhere within a

79.
80.
81.
82.
83.

concentric circle of diameter d/4


The deformation per unit length is called strain
Eulers formula holds good only for long columns
A steel bar of 5 mm is heated from 15 C to 40 C and it is free to expand. The bar Will induce no stress
The point of contraflexure is a point where bending moment changes sign
When a rectangular beam is loaded transversely, the maximum compressive stress is developed on the bottom

layer
84. The stress induced in a body, when suddenly loaded, is __________ the stress induced when the same load is
applied gradually. Twice
85. When a bar is cooled to 5C, it will develop tensile stress

86.
87.
88.
89.

When shear force at a point is zero, then bending moment is __________ at that point. Minimum
The energy stored in a body when strained within elastic limit is known as strain energy
Strain energy is the energy stored in a body when strained within elastic limits
The simply supported beam A of length l carries a central point load W. Another beam B is loaded with a
uniformly distributed load such that the total load on the beam is W. The ratio of maximum deflections

between beams A and B is 8/5


90. A body is subjected to a tensile stress of 1200 MPa on one plane and another tensile stress of 600 MPa on a
plane at right angles to the former. It is also subjected to a shear stress of 400 MPa on the same planes. The
maximum normal stress will be 1000 MPa
91. The maximum diameter of the hole that can be punched from a plate of maximum shear stress 1/4th of its
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.

maximum crushing stress of punch, is equal to (where t = Thickness of the plate) 4t


Strain resetters are used to measure linear strain
The maximum stress produced in a bar of tapering section is at smaller end
The neutral axis of the cross-section a beam is that axis at which the bending stress is zero
In compression test, the fracture in cast iron specimen would occur along an oblique plane
A masonry dam may fail due to any one of the above