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AECH 110 Fall 2016 Tutorial problems Atoms, Electrons and Bonding

1. Determine the electron geometry and molecular geometry,


orbital hybridization, bond polarity, molecule polarity and
bond angles in the following molecules, then label all bonds
as or in each:
a. N2H4
b. HCN
c. CF3d. SiO44e. PO43f. CS2
g. XeF4
h. OCNi. SO2Cl2
j. SCNk. CH3OH
l. CH3OCH3
m. BrI3
2. Draw the molecular orbital diagram for the following
molecules: N2, N2+, N2-, S2, Cl2.
a. Determine the bond order for each of the following
molecules.
b. For each molecule indicate if it is diamagnetic or
paramagnetic.
3. Draw the molecular orbital diagram for CO. Compare its
bond order and magnetic properties with the N 2 molecule.
4. For radiation of wavelength 242.4nm, what is the energy of a
photon? What is the energy of a mole of photons?

E=h x frequency
Speed of light= wavelength x frequency
E=h.v
Ans x plancks energy for one photon 1.232 E+15
5. Is it likely that there is an energy level for the hydrogen
atom,
En=-1.00x10-20 J?
M(integer)^2=-2.17E10 /energy (check formula sheet) square
root of 217.9 14.76 not an integer DOES NOT CORRESPOND
TO ENERGY LEVEL
6. Determine the wavelength of the light corresponding to the
transition of an electron in the hydrogen atom, from level
n=5 to n=2.
Delta energy= 2.17E-17(1/Energy level initial^2-z/Energy level
final^2) the sign gives whether energy is released or absorbed
7. Select the correct answer and explain your reasoning.
An electron having n=3 and ml=0
a. Must have ms +1/2 NO (you can have any spin bc u dont
know where u r)
b. Must have l=1
c. May have l=0,1 or 2
d. Must have l=2
8. Concerning the electrons in the shells, subshells and orbitals
of an atom, how many can have:
a. n=3, l=2, ml=0, ms=+1/2 1
b. n=3, l=2, ml=0 6
c. n=3 18

9. Write the electron configuration of the following elements:


Arsenic, Iodine, Iron and Bismuth.
10.
Indicate the number of:
a. Valence electrons in an atom of bromine
b. 5pelectrons in an atom of tellurium
c. Unpaired electrons in an atom of indium
d. 3d and 4d electrons in a silver atom
11. For an atom of Sn, indicate the number of:
a. electron shells that are filled or partially filled
b. 3p electrons
c. 5d electrons
d. unpaired electrons.
12.
Indicate the number of:
a. 3d electrons in Y atoms
b. 4p electrons in Ge atoms
c. Unpaired electrons in Au atoms
13.

Determine which is the largest atom: Sc, Ba or Se.

14.
Arrange the following species in order of increasing
size: K+, Cl-, S2- , Ca2+
15.
Determine which species is in the middle position when
the following five are ranked according to size: the atoms N,
Cs and As the ions Mg2+ and Br16.
Arrange the following on the expected order of
increasing first ionization energy: As, Sn, Br, Sr.

17.
In the periodic table locate the following:
a. The group 14 element that has the highest ionization energy
b. The element with the greatest first ionization energy in
period 4
18.
On the periodic table locate the following:
a. The group expected to have the most negative electron
affinities in each period
b. The group expected to have the least negative electron
affinities in each period
c. The group expected to have all positive electron affinities
in each period.
19.
Which of the following would you expect to be
diamagnetic and which paramagnetic?
a. Na atom
b. Mg atom
c. Cl- ion
d. Ag atom
e. O2f. Al