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Emilee Skillman
Adam Padgett
English 102
27 October 2016
Children Vaccines and their hold over Parents
Inquiry: Do children that are not vaccinated pose a large threat to those around them and how
are parents at fault during this?
Thesis: Children vaccines are a large controversy that is mainly dependent on the hesitancy of
parents. Many parents that are pro-vaccination believe that it should be mandatory that children
be vaccinated, while hesitant parents are quick to disagree.
Intro: Childhood vaccinations are one of the biggest controversies being brought to attention
today. The biggest issue with this topic is that people are worried with the potential side effects
that they choose not to have their child vaccinated. When a child is not vaccinated, they pose a
threat to their family and others they encounter. With all of this in mind, a big question to ask is
whether it should be mandatory that children receive vaccinations? Most schools have the rule
that a child must be vaccinated to attend school. They have put this rule into place with good
intentions of course, to prevent students from spreading diseases to others. However, there are
exemptions that people can say applies to them which are usually medical, religious, or personal
beliefs exemptions. Each state has different state laws that say what is and what is not considered
a valid excuse for not vaccinating their children. Now how do the parents play in to all this?
What are some of the reasons behind hesitant parents?

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Alexander, Kenneth, et al. "Should Pediatric Practices Have Policies to Not Care For Children
With Vaccine-Hesitant Parents?." Pediatrics 138.4 (2016): 1-6. Academic Search
Complete. Web. 19 Oct. 2016.
This article is very interesting as it brings a whole other response to hesitant parents that
refuse to give their children vaccines. The article describes that some pediatric offices
refuse to give care to children with parents that are not pro-vaccination. Others however,
continue to provide care and continue to try to convince parents that the benefits of
immunizations far outweigh the risks (Alexander). This would tie in to the whether it
should be mandatory since if it is not mandatory, some doctor offices can decline giving
care. This is a credible source as it is a peer-reviewed article and brings a lot of
information to my paper.

Gilkey, Melissa B., et al. "Vaccination Confidence And Parental Refusal/Delay Of Early
Childhood Vaccines." Plos ONE 11.7 (2016): 1-12. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19
Oct. 2016.
This article is again a survey conducted for finding out why parents are hesitant to give
their children vaccines and what percentage of parents are hesitant versus the percentage
that are not. The authors calculated the average scores for the Benefits, Harms, and Trust
factors based off the information the parents surveyed gave them. When the author
concluded based on their findings, they discovered that, In addition to vaccine refusal,
we found that vaccination confidence was consistently associated with measures of

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vaccine delay and vaccination status (Gilkey). This shows that parents are not solely
denying vaccines altogether, but that some are just choosing to delay giving their children
vaccines which is entirely different. This article is helpful as well as credible to my paper
because it is a scholarly article and has real hard evidence from surveys given to parents.

Larson, Heidi J., Caitlin Jarrett, Elisabeth Eckersberger, David M.D. Smith, and Pauline
Paterson. "Understanding Vaccine Hesitancy around Vaccines and Vaccination from a
Global Perspective. A Systematic Review of Published Literature from 2007-2012"
Academic Search Complete: Elsiever, 2 Mar. 2014. Web. 19 Oct. 2016.
These corresponding authors piece reflects on peoples hesitancy to be vaccinated and
take it to a global scale. The article states, Vaccine-hesitant individuals have been
defined as a heterogeneous group in the middle of a continuum ranging from total
acceptors to complete refusers (Larson). This article goes in to further detail on this
range of people that are accepting to refusing. It explains the motive for their research as
well as their findings on the matter. The authors also included peer-reviewed studies in
this article if they focused on children under the age of seven receiving vaccinations. This
piece is going to hopefully bring a lot of insight into my paper on why people are so
hesitant on vaccinating their children.

Lobo, James. "Vindicating the Vaccine: Injecting Strength into Mandatory School Vaccination
Requirements to Safeguard the Public Health." Boston College Law Review 57.1 (2016):
261-96. Academic Search Complete. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.

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James Lobos article does a great job of telling the history behind mandatory children
vaccines in schools. Lobo explains, In 1827, Boston became the first city to require
schoolchildren to give evidence of vaccination upon enrolling at school and the article
then explains that many other states followed this rule in later years (Lobo 264-265).
After this was put in to place, a group of people who were against these mandatory
vaccines created the anti-vaccination movement that became popular around the country.
I feel that this is important to include in my paper because it gives a better understanding
of when this issue started. This article is basically a history lesson, but will give the
reader of my paper a greater understanding of why this has been an issue for so long.

Parkins, Christine. "Protecting the Herd: A Public Health, Economics, and Legal Argument for
Taxing Parents Who Opt-out of Mandatory Childhood Vaccinations." Southern
California Interdisciplinary Law Journal 21.2 (2012): 437-90. Academic Search
Complete. Web. 18 Oct. 2016.
Parkins article focuses on the issues that arise from not vaccinating children at a young
age. When parents choose to ignore issues such as spreading the disease their child could
potentially contract, they are putting their child and others at risk. I feel that this is
beneficial to my research because it shows how people who choose not to get vaccinated
at a young age can still affect people when they get older. It also poses a solution to the
problem: taxing parents that are not pro-vaccination. Parkins says that the more parents
that are choosing to not vaccinate their child are putting the entire communitys health
at risk, but their actions are also raising health care costs, since preventing illness through
vaccination is substantially more cost-effective than treating the illnesses. (Parkins 440).

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Per her introduction in her journal, Parkins is a former student at the University of
Southern California where she has discussed this topic with many of her professors and
has had numerous credible adults read over and critique her work.

Wang, Eileen, Yelena Baras, and Alison M. Buttenheim. "Everybody Just Wants to Do What's
Best for Their Child: Understanding How Pro-Vaccine Parents Can Support a Culture of
Vaccine Hesitancy." Vaccine 33.48 (2015): 6703-6709. Academic Search Complete. Web.
19 Oct. 2016.
This article creates a bias from parents that are pro-vaccines. They conducted surveys
with parents that fell in the upper-middle class range living in Philadelphia. The article
has excerpts that contain quotes from parents and how they go and decide whether to give
their child vaccinations. This piece, although it focuses on the opinions of only parents
that are for vaccinating their children, will be important for my paper as it brings lots of
information as to why these people support it. This study also contains quotes from the
parents who were interviewed on why they think some parents choose to be against it.
One interviewee says, I wrote down crazy people on my list because theres just some
people who are so strongly opposed to vaccination and I dont understand it (Wang
6707). While clearly this opinion is very upfront and blunt, another interviewee says,
You know I dont think theyre crazy I would consider it more maybe passionate or
strong willed theyre taking a stand that, in a minority against a majority. They dont
make these decisions lightly (Wang 6707). This will be beneficial to my paper as it is

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from parents who are pro-vaccines, but also understand why some parents are not for