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Surveying Fieldwork

Field Notes

Constitute the only reliable and permanent

record of actual work done in the field.

If notes are incorrect or incompletely done

time, money and effort in data gathering are


The quality of field work is reflected directly in the manner he keeps his field record.

Field notes become the official record of the


Field Notes

Types of Field Notes:

1. Sketches

2. Tabulations

3. Explanatory notes

4. Computations

5. Combination

Field Notes

Information Found in Fieldbooks:


Title or Name of the Project


Time of Day and Date


Weather Conditions


Names of Group Members and Their Designations


List of Equipment

Recording Observed Data

To eliminate common mistakes in note keeping,

the following guide points are given:

1. Follow a consistent simple style of writing.

2. Use of sharp pencil.

3. Record directly in the field book immediately

following a measurement, rather than on a sheet of scratch paper for copying.

Recording Observed Data

4. Do not erase recorded data. If a number has

been recorded incorrectly, a line is run through it without destroying its legibility and the correct

value is written above the mistake. If entire page is

to be deleted, diagonal lines are drawn from opposite corners and “VOID” is lettered


5. Avoid crowding observed data. 6. Always bring along a straight edge for ruling lines, and a small protractor for laying off angles.

Recording Observed Data

7. To avoid misinterpretation of data, use sketches

other than tabulations. Also use explanatory notes.

8. Indicate north at the top of the page of the field

notebook for all sketches shown in plan and draw

a meridian arrow.

9. Tabulated values should be kept inside the

column rulings, with the decimal point and digits aligned vertically. Notes should not be made to appear either more precise or less precise than they really are.

Recording Observed Data

10. Computations made in the field should be

recorded in the field notebook in order that they can be checked later. The checks are necessary to

determine if there is a need to repeat a particular

observation or measurement.

11. Number every page of the field notebook.

There should be no doubt with regard to the

correct sequence of recorded field data.

Survey Party

Chief of Party

Assistant Chief of Party

Instrument man


Data processor


Head Tapeman

Rear Tapeman




Axeman or Lineman



Survey Hand Signals

An arm and hand signal is any gesture or

motion that conveys information or gives a command, direction or warning.

Usually employed due to the difficulty to communicate verbally in the field due to

distance, wind conditions, and

surrounding noise.

Care and Handling of


Know how to use the instrument.

Always place them in stable grounds when in use.

Place them properly in their container.

Do not use them if weather does not permit.

Check their functionality before and after field work.

Care and Handling of


If wet, dry them by carefully wiping excess water and do not put them immediately in their

storage or container.

Carry the instrument properly

Be mindful of the surrounding when transporting any equipment.

Avoid playing with the instrument.

Always make sure that the equipment is secure.