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MATERIALS

The Construct of Civility: A Guide to Analyzing Articles

Guiding Question: How do I properly analyse an article and connect it to the broad theme of “Civility.”

3 Classes (60 mins.)

‘Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding

Handout and Prezi

SUBJECT AREA

English Language Arts

 
 

Secondary

Year 1 (Gr. 7)  Secondary Secondary Year 1 (Gr. 9) Year 3 (Gr. 11)

Secondary

Year 1 (Gr. 9)  Secondary Year 1 (Gr. 7) Secondary Year 3 (Gr. 11)

  Secondary Year 1 (Gr. 7) Secondary Year 1 (Gr. 9) Year 3 (Gr. 11)

Year 3 (Gr. 11)

LEVEL

Cycle One

Year 2 (Gr. 8)LEVEL Cycle One Cycle Two Year 2 (Gr. 10)

Cycle Two

Year 2 (Gr. 10)LEVEL Cycle One Year 2 (Gr. 8) Cycle Two

 

Production Process

 

PROGRAM CONTENT

Uses strategies to generate, clarify and expand ideas such as brainstorming

 

Examines the relationship between context, producer of text and familiar

TEACHING COMPETENCIES

1,2,3,4,5,6,8,12

PROFESSIONAL

COMPENTECY

#4: To pilot teaching/learning situations that are appropriate to the students concerned and to the subject content with a view to developing the competencies targeted in the programs of study.

 

Students will be able to:

 

After the first learning opportunity students will be able define the term civility and how to

analyze an article.

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

After the second learning activity students will be able to apply their skill to an example of a news article

After the Performance Task students will be able to connect the article and novel to theme of civility, in a reflection format.

 

Secondary

Competency 1. Uses language/talk to communicate and to learn  Secondary

Cycle One

Competency 2. Represents her/his literacy in different mediaCycle One  

 

Competency 3. Reads and listens to written, spoken and media texts2. Represents her/his literacy in different media   SUBJECT-SPECIFIC Competency 4. Writes a variety of

SUBJECT-SPECIFIC

Competency 4. Writes a variety of genres for personal and social purposesSUBJECT-SPECIFIC

COMPETENCIES

Secondary

Competency 1. Uses language/talk to communicate and to learnSecondary

Cycle Two

Competency 2. Reads and listens to written, spoken and media textsCycle Two

Competency 3. Produces texts for personal and social purposes2. Reads and listens to written, spoken and media texts   Competency 1. Uses information Competency

 

Competency 1. Uses information  Competency 6. Uses ICT  

Competency 6. Uses ICT  Competency 1. Uses information  

 

CROSS-CURRICULAR

COMPETENCIES

Competency 2. Solves problemsCompetency 3. Exercises critical judgment Competency 7. Achieves his/her potential Competency 8. Cooperates with others

Competency 3. Exercises critical judgmentCompetency 2. Solves problems Competency 7. Achieves his/her potential Competency 8. Cooperates with others

Competency 7. Achieves his/her potentialCompetency 2. Solves problems Competency 3. Exercises critical judgment Competency 8. Cooperates with others

Competency 8. Cooperates with othersCompetency 2. Solves problems Competency 3. Exercises critical judgment Competency 7. Achieves his/her potential

 

Competency 4. Uses creativity  Competency 9. Communicates appropriately

Competency 9. Communicates appropriately

Competency 9. Communicates appropriately

Competency 5. Adopts effective work methodsUses creativity Competency 9. Communicates appropriately   Health and Well-Being Environmental Awareness /

 

Health and Well-Being  Environmental Awareness / Consumer Rights and Responsibilities Media Literacy

Environmental Awareness / Consumer Rights and Responsibilities

Environmental Awareness / Consumer Rights and Responsibilities

Media Literacy  Health and Well-Being Environmental Awareness / Consumer Rights and Responsibilities

BROAD AREA

Personal andBROAD AREA Citizenship and

Citizenship andBROAD AREA Personal and

OF LEARNING

Career Planning

Community Life

CLASS PERIOD

& DURATION

CLASS # 1

15 Min. for

Activity

LESSON PLAN

LEARNING OPPORTUNITY 1: “What is mean to be Civilized?”

We are currently reading the novel ‘Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding in class (about half-way through). The novel centers on a group of young boys that have been left on a deserted island with no adult supervision, after a horrific plane crash. Tensions are high, when the two leading powers can’t agree on the group’s main priorities. This conflict sparks the theme of civility throughout the novel by questioning the moral character of each group member. The novel was created around the theme of “Civility,” how’s its upheld, and what are the consequence if it’s not maintained. The point of this lesson is to discover on the meaning of civility and how it’s represented both in the novel, and other literary sources.

Leaning opportunities 1 will be presented via a Prezi.

(The link can be found in the attached appendix.)

Introduction/Warm-Up:

I will begin my class by welcoming my students with an enthusiastic hello. There will also be a question projected on the board, which will later prompt the discussion in class. I want to get their minds thinking about the theme that we have been discussing throughout the entire novel, ‘Civility’. The question on the board will be “What does it mean to be civilized?” This will provide my students an opportunity to reflect/think about the lesson given in Monday’s class and how it will apply to today’s learning opportunity.

Closure/Wrap-Up:

After having a quick discussion and recap on the definition of civility, I will continue the learning opportunity by explaining the proper procedure to analyse an article through a Prezi presentation. Although, first I shall present “Things to keep in mind while reading a news article.”

"The newspaper article, also sometimes called a newspaper story,"

Writers take a particular event and mold it into their point of view of the events.

Therefore, being biased is simply impossible.

Development:

 

The presentation will be broken down into the following subtitles:

1. Who is the author of the article?

2. What is the purpose of the article?

3. How might the audience perceive the article?

Extension/What’s Next?

Next I will continue the Prezi presentation, by presenting the class the following two guiding questions to help them navigate throughout the article.

What is the significance of this article, what is it telling us about "society?"

How does this article reflect or contrast "The Construct of Civility?"

 

LEARNING OPPORTUNITY 2: Article Analysis

CLASS # 1

Introduction/Warm-Up

15 Min. for Activity

At this point in the lesson I will distribute the article that we will be reading as a class, entitled “Murder Reveals 'Lord Of The Flies' Street Culture In Washington.” Before we begin to read it as a class, I shall give a brief context of the article so the students understand the narrative of the article. Throughout the article I will stop at selected moments to display the article’s general connection to the theme of civility.

 

I will get students to volunteer to read and participate in the analysis of the article.

At the end, students will be asked if they have any questions concerning the narrative of the article.

Development:

15 -20 Min. for Activity

Next I will distribute the “Article Analysis Worksheet” where students must answer the following questions in silence. I will give them 5 minutes to formulate an answer for the first question, and then we shall briefly discuss it. The same procedure will be given for the second question, although the final question students will have plenty of time to brainstorm their ideas and develop their own arguments.

Directions: Fill out the following chart, by answering the given questions in the space below.

Answers may be given in point form.

Make sure to support you argument with textual evidence from the article.

Questions:

1.

What is a “Street Family?”

2.

How are they forming their own “Society?” (Provide one example)

3.

Brainstorm how this article reflects or contrasts "The Construct of Civility?"

Closure/Wrap-Up

As a class, we shall go over each question on the worksheet and formulate a few bullet points on the board while having a brief discussion on the article. I hope to build a stronger understanding of the theme of Civility, for my students so they are more prepared for the final reflection next class.

CLASS # 2 (10 mins)

Extension/What’s Next?

 

I will present the class with their final reflection on the theme of civility, and they will have the following two class periods to complete their work.

 

PERFORMANCE TASK: Refection on “The Construct of Civility”

CLASS # 2-3 60 mins each.

At the beginning of class students will be given a handout entitled “Reflection on ‘The Construct of Civility’ – “Lord of the Flies” where students will be able to reflect on what they have learnt about the theme of civility and how it relates to both the novel and the article.

They will have to answer the following questions in couple of paragraphs in their journals.

Information on Handout:

 

Directions:

Write a reflection on the following question:

1. How does the article reflect The Construct of Civility” in comparison to the novel “Lord of the Flies?”

 

o

Reflect on a specific example or aspect o f the article that is similar to novel.

o

You may refer to the quote integration done on the theme of Savagery from ‘Lord of the Flies’ and compare it to the article.

 

!

(Quote Analysis done on October 24th)

Your reflection should be between 200 - 250 words.

It should be written in your journal, with the title “Lord of the Flies - The Construct of Civility ” and the date.

Due Date: Friday, October 28 th 2016 .

Assessment:

 

Students will be graded on the content they have written after completing their reflection on “The Construct of Civility” in class.

Evaluation Criteria

 

They answer the question in a well-developed manner.

They make insightful connections between the article and the novel.

They use textual support.

(Rubric in Appendix)

 

Extension/What’s Next?

When the bell rings, I will wish the students a good day and I shall pick up their final reflection.

**If students complete their reflection early they must read Chapter 6 of Lord of the Flies. If not completed, it will be assigned as homework.

APPENDIX Link for the prezi : https://prezi.com/giof8auiyfph/article- analysis/ Citation for Prezi: How To Analyze a
APPENDIX Link for the prezi : https://prezi.com/giof8auiyfph/article- analysis/ Citation for Prezi: How To Analyze a

APPENDIX

Link for the prezi : https://prezi.com/giof8auiyfph/article- analysis/

Citation for Prezi: How To Analyze a Newspaper Article - Understand Media. (n.d.). Retrieved October 23, 2016, from http://www.understandmedia.com/topics/media-theory/112-how-to-analyze-a-newspaper-article.html

First Handout (Double Sided) - Article

Murder Reveals 'Lord Of The Flies' Street Culture In Washington's Capital

By:

Northwest)News)Network)

Just a few blocks away from Washington’s Capitol campus in Olympia you can find a street culture where young adults and teenagers live by their own rules – sometimes with tragic consequences.

An especially grisly murder last year revealed an underworld in Washington’s capital city that can sound almost like a scene from “Lord of the Flies.”

A crime within the family

A blackberry bramble-covered trail leads to the scene of the crime. It’s a trash-strewn,

former homeless camp along Interstate 5 in east Olympia. It’s here that last October a 17- year-old named Forest Snow Bailey – who went by the street name “Sonic” - was stabbed

to death.

Police

Harrison – known as “Skitzo” on the streets of Olympia. Two alleged accomplices, “Red” and “Discord,” were also arrested.

quickly arrested a prime suspect who was 19 at the time: Christopher Lee

Alf – who goes by the street name “Joker” - knew both young men. For her, the murder felt like a crime within the family. “And it is. It’s a street family,” she says. “We’re tight.”

Alf is a longtime client of Community Youth Services in Olympia where Charles Shelan

is CEO. He says it’s common for runaways and other disaffected youth to replace the

family they ran away from with a street family. On the streets of Washington’s capital city you can also find more formal alliances.

Jessica Alf – “Joker” – is 22. She identifies herself as a Juggalo. That’s the name given to followers of the Detroit-based rap group Insane Clown Posse.

“We watch each other’s back, we are always with each other,” she says. “I don’t know if you’ve heard on the street we say ‘whoop, whoop’ which means ‘I can.’”

“Forming their own society”

“These kids are living outside the bounds of what we would consider society, I guess,”

says Patrick O’Connor, a public defender who represents the man accused of committing

last fall’s homeless camp murder.

O’Connor won’t talk about this specific case, but he says over the years he’s defended dozens of young adults living on the streets of Olympia.

“What we’ve seen is that they in a way are forming their own society with a kind of a

hierarchy of members where some people have some authority in a community to set rules and the younger members follow the rules.”

Family breakdown

Several of the youth I spoke with said they feel safer in a smaller city like Olympia than

in Portland or Seattle. But they also complained that trust within the street family has broken down recently – mostly because of rampant drug abuse – meth and lately heroin.

Police say they’ve seen more violence too. Charles Shelan at Community Youth Services

says last fall’s homeless camp murder was a galvanizing event. In response, he secured emergency funding to open a seasonal, ten bed overnight shelter.

“We know if that young man would have had a safe place to stay and had chosen to stay there, he would be alive today.”

That murder hit especially close to home for Chelan and his staff. Court records indicate the accused – Christopher Harrison – was a client at Community Youth Services.

) ) ) ) ) Citation:( Orthwest News Network. "Murder Reveals 'Lord Of The Flies'
)
)
)
)
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Citation:(
Orthwest News Network. "Murder Reveals 'Lord Of The Flies' Street Culture In
Washington's Capital." OPB News. N.p., 14 Oct. 2013. Web. )
)

Handout #2 : Article Analysis Worksheet

Name:

Article Analysis: Murder Reveals 'Lord Of The Flies' Street Culture In Washington's Capital

Directions: Fill out the following chart, by answering the given questions in the

space below.

Answers may be given in point form.

Make sure to support you argument with textual evidence from the article.

What is a “Street Family?”

How are they forming their own “Society?” (Provide one example)

Brainstorm how this article reflects or contrasts "The Construct of Civility?"

!

Handout #3: Final Reflection on Civility

Name:

Loyola High School English Language Arts Reflection on ‘The Construct of Civility’ – “Lord of the Flies”

Directions:

Write&a&reflection&on&the&following&question:& &

&

1. How&does&the& article&reflect& The$Construct$of$ Civility”& in& comparison&to& the&novel&“Lord&of&the&Flies?”& &

o

Reflect'on' a'specific'example'or'aspect'of'the'article'that'is'similar'to'novel.' '

o

You'may'r efer'to'the'quote'integration'done'on'the'theme'of'Savagery'from' ‘Lord'of'the'Flies’'and'compare'it'to'the ' article.' ' ! (Quote$Analysis$done$ on $ October$ 24th)$ $

Your&reflection&should&be&between&200 9 250&words.&&

It&should&be&written&in&your&journal,&with&the&title&“Lord&of&the&Flies&9 & The& Construct&of&Civility ”&and&the&date.&

Due&Date:&Friday,&October&28 th & 2016 . &

&

Rubric for Final Reflection - Examples of Rubrics - Assessment - Grand Valley State 2016,
Rubric for Final Reflection - Examples of Rubrics - Assessment - Grand Valley State
2016, from https://www.gvsu.edu/assessment/examples-of-rubrics-32.htm
(n.d.). Retrieved October 23,