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EFFECTIVENESS MATRIX

CONCEPT 1- (ENGINE MOUNTED HARVESTER)


1) OBJECTIVES
The main objective of this type of harvester is to harvest the wheat with
minimal human effort by using engine
2)
1.
2.
3.
4.

CUSTOMER REQUIREMENT Easy cutting


Low operating cost
Ease of setup
Low maintenance cost

3) PRINCIPLE OF WORKING
There is an engine mounted in this type of harvester, which serves as a power
source to the cutters and the cutters are connected to the engine via belt drive.
There is a series of reduction and parallel reduction in power to the cutter from
the engine.

4) SPECIFICATION/ FEATURES
Engine 97.2 cc
Fuel capacity 11 ltr
Four stroke Air cooled engine
Bore and stroke of 50mm X 49.5mm.

5) LINKS AND JOINTS Belt drive.


6) OPERATIONS/POWER SUPPLY Petrol engine
7) MANUFACTURING COST 15000/8) MAINTENANCE COST 1000/- for 6 months
9) APPLICATIONS Conventionally used by farmers having large farms as
the engine output is more and has to be used efficiently in order to
produce the maximum effect in harvesting .

10)

ADVANTAGES high power output and efficiency of petrol

engine is high as it is Hero Honda engine, and works with minimal


human intervention.

11)

DISADVANTAGES costly, high power output is not necessary

and reduction in cutter rpm has to be reduced. It is not easy in having


reduction of power from the engine to cutter. This machine is also bulky
and more noise causing irritation and consumes petrol and pollutes the
environment including the farm and crops. The weight of the engine
along with all other components increases the weight.

12)

LIMITATIONS cannot be used for small sized farm holders

because it is costly.

13)

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

The efficiency of the engine can be increased there by increasing


the output of the machine by considerable amount.

The weight of the machine can be reduced so that it can be used


easily and more efficiently.

CONCEPT 3 (PNEUMATIC POWERED HARVESTER)


1) OBJECTIVES
Efficient cutting of the crop

2) CUSTOMER REQUIREMENT
Efficient cutting of the crops.
The machine should not harm the crops in any way.
Low maintenance of the machine.
Easy to use.
Separate storage facility for the crops as and when they are
harvested so that additional labour force is not required to do the
job.
Operating cost of the machine should be less
3) PRINCIPLE OF WORKING
This has a 4 wheel base frame. The front side of the machine will have a
pneumatic rotary cylinder which can be adjusted according to required
height. This cylinder has a shaft which is rotating at a speed of 1500 rpm
to 2000 rpm which is driven by a compressed air and there is a
compressor which compresses the air using a 12V DC motor.
4) SPECIFICATION/ FEATURES
Pneumatic cylinder specification 2000 rpm
DC battery specification - 12 V, 35Ah.
Weight - 10 kg
Air tank 1000 cc.
Pneumatic compressor
5) LINKS AND JOINTS NA
6) OPERATIONS/POWER SUPPLY
Power - pneumatic supply and DC battery
7) MANUFACTURING COST
Around 7000/D C Compressor working on 12V DC 800/Pneumatic rotary actuator 3000/Air tank 1000/Battery 1200/Cutters 400/8) MAINTENANCE COST very low maintenance cost as compared to
engine type of harvester which is chosen to be the datum.

9) APPLICATIONS This is most ideal mechanization for small farmers


using mechanism for scientific farming, crop cutting.

10) ADVANTAGES

1) Use of non-conventional energy for the crop cutting action.


2) Not using any fossil fuels which are depleting now and becoming
costlier.
3) Low investment.
4) Cutting is very fast since cutting is working at high speed.
5) Mechanization of crop cutting which would have used many labours
for the job which are costly now.
6) Due to short of labour, the crop cutting is not postponed, it is done in
time to have proper yield.
7) A single person can do the crop cutting faster than manual process
which is tedious and hazardous also.
8) Easy to use.
9) Less investment and affordable for small farmers.
10) The novelty of the machine lies in its portability.
11) It is pneumatic powered machine hence air is required for its
operation unlike petrol which may deplete,

11)
DISADVANTAGES maintenance is bit high compared to battery
operated harvester.
12)
LIMITATIONS cannot be used for large farms because the
compressor that we are using is low powered and can only be used for
small farms.
13)
FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS The compressor and the air tank
size and capacity can be increased depending upon the requirement of the
farmer.
The machine has to be made usable and should be in working condition
for large farms as well.

INNOVATION:
It is completely different from the products that are available in the market as
we are using a different concept by utilising pneumatic power in the working

principle of the machine. This is a very unique and yet to be realised. We


have totally reengineered the available concepts of the harvesting.
The sole purpose of the machine is to harvest the crop efficiently by using
nonconventional source that is with the help of atmospheric air, which never
can get depleted. The additional feature in our machine which makes it stand
apart amongst the existing harvester is that at this cheap rate we are also
providing with storage facility of the harvested crop, as at the time of market
survey we got the first hand information from the farmers itself that there is a
need for storage of the harvested crop, because the farmers are spending
additional amount and time to store it at a particular place. Hence by using
our device the harvested crops will be stored in the machine itself which can
be accessed at the end of harvesting.
One more important feature in our machine would be that the cutters height
and tilting position can be adjusted according to the need of the farmers, as
again by the customer survey we got to know that the existing machines fails
to provide this feature of height and tilting position of the cutters as the
cutters are rigidly fixed to the frame itself.

The major advantage of this new feature is that even the leaves that are
attached to the wheat wont get separated and these parts of the crops are
saved, which further can fed to the cattle.