You are on page 1of 3

Types of Surveillance Systems

Fortunately, surveillance can come in many forms. Know what

they are, now.
Security surveillance systems are designed to monitor and report
on changes or notable changes within an assigned field. Security
surveillance systems are commonly installed to monitor public
security and health, the weather and the safety of homes or
commercial buildings and complexes. Security surveillance
systems utilize physical observations, data analysis, video
recordings and many other monitoring tools to carry out
surveillance work. Most types of security surveillance systems are
employed to alert, or prevent, unwanted events from happening.
Health Surveillance Systems
Many levels in society are equipped with surveillance systems to
monitor health and wellness. The World Health Organization
(WHO), for instance, manages global health surveillance systems
to focus on key diseases and vaccination data. The increase or
decrease of such cases is closely monitored through surveillance
systems, which collect data from various sources, including
hospitals, governments and non-government organizations
(NGOs). The collected data are then collated and analyzed in
order to understand global disease trends and create
recommendations against possible epidemics or outbreaks. In a
smaller scale, health surveillance systems are utilized by schools
to monitor and warn about the outbreak of childhood diseases
such as chicken pox, measles or even the common cold and flu.
The governments will collect the data from schools, which theyll
eventually endorse into the WHO databases.

Home Security Cameras/ Security Cameras for Home

Security surveillance systems are generally designed to monitor
the movement of people in any given area. Home monitoring
systems are set up to monitor personal property, such as
residences with the use of wireless lighting and a wireless
security camera, while other surveillance systems are employed
to monitor a building or complex of structures. In a smaller scale,
the use of CCTV or wireless camera security systems, motion
sensors and alarm systems for security are very common. Far
more complex measures are utilized in larger scale security
surveillance, similar to that managed for national security. These
systems can usually survey the Internet and telephone activity,
people getting into the county, movement of suspicious
individuals and collect data on suspicious activity. A larger
framework of national security surveillance systems will then
collect data from public places.
Weather Surveillance Systems
To predict and forewarn about weather disturbances, weather
surveillance systems are utilized to monitor weather patterns,
usually on a daily basis, just like newspapers or broadcast
reports. This type of surveillance system can also identify global
trends, such as the recognition of El Nino and La Nina effects or
the Greenhouse effect. High-tech instruments are usually
associated with weather surveillance systems, such as radars and
satellites, as well as computer modeling software, to collect and
key in weather data and develop forecasts of weather
disturbances. Weather surveillance systems are also used to
assess changes in weather patterns. Simple innovations are also

employed in weather surveillance, such as anemometers, wind

vanes, barometers and rain gauges. The data collected from
these instruments will then be collated and incorporated into
weather surveillance databases.