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TRANSPORTATION LAWS

A. Common Carriers
-Article 1732, Civil Code
-Section 13, paragraph (b), Public Service Act
-De Guzman vs. C.A., G.R. No. L-47822, 22 December 1988
-First Philippine Industrial Corporation vs. C. A., G.R. No. 125948, 29 December 1998
-National Steel Corporation vs. C.A., 112287, 12 December 1997
-Bascos vs. C.A., G.R. No. 101089, 7 April 1993
-Valenzuela Hardwood vs. C.A., G.R. No. 102316, 30 June 1997
-Spouses Cruz vs. Sun Holidays, G.R. No. 186312, 29 June 2010
1. Diligence Required of Common Carriers
2. Liabilities of Common Carriers
-Article 1733, 1735, 1755, 1756 Civil Code
-Kapalaran Bus Line vs. Coronado, G.R. No. 85331, 25 August 1989
-Aboitiz Shipping Corporation vs. Insurance Company of N.A., G.R. No. 168402, 02
August 2008
-Tiu vs. Arriesgado, G.R. No. 138060, 01 September 2004
-Armovit vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 88561, 20 April 1990
B. Vigilance over Goods- Articles 1734-1754
1. Exempting Causes
a. Requirement of Absence of Negligence
b. Absence of Delay
c. Due Diligence to Prevent or Lessen the Loss
-Cokaliong Shipping Lines, Inc. vs. UCPB Insurance, G.R. No. 146018, 25 June
2003
-Sarkies Tours vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 108897, 02 October 1997
-Coastwise Lighterage vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 114167, 12 July 1995
-Servando vs. Phil. Steam, G.R. No. 36481-2. 23 October 1982
-Philippine Charter vs. Unknown Owner, G.R. No. 161833, 08 July 2005
-Belgian Chartering vs. Phil First Insurance, G.R. No. 143133, 05 June 2002
-Maersk Line vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 94761, 17 May 1993
-De Guzman vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-47822, 12 December 1988
-Bascos vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 101089, 07 April 1993

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2. Contributory Negligence
-Tabacalera Insurance vs. North Front Shipping, G.R. No. 119197, 16 May 1997
-Valenzuela vs. Court of Appeals, 253 SCRA 303 (1996)
-PNR vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-55347, 04 October 1985
3. Duration of Liability
a. Delivery of Goods to Common Carrier
b. Actual or Constructive Delivery
c. Temporary Unloading or Storage
-Article 1736, 1737 and 1738
-PAL vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 119706, 04 March 1996
-Citadel Lines, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals, 184 SCRA 544 (1990)
-Macam vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 125524, 25 August 1999
-Calvo vs. UCPB Insurance, 379 SCRA 510 (2002)
-Ganzon vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-48757, 30 May 1988
4. Stipulation for Limitation of Liability
-Article 1744, 1748, Civil Code
a. Void Stipulations
-Article 1747, 1757, Civil Code
b. Limitation of Liability to Fixed Amount
-Article 1750, 1758
c. Limitation of Liability in Absence of Declaration of Greater Value
-Article 1749, Civil Code
-Everett Steamship vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 122494, 08 October 1998
-Summa Insurance vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 84680, 05 February 1996
-Article 587, Code of Commerce
-Philam Insurance vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 116940, 11 June 1997
-Loadstar Shipping vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 131621, 28 September 1999
5. Liability for Baggage of Passengers
a. Checked-In Baggage
-Sarkies Tours vs. Court of Appeals, 280 SCRA 58 (1997)
b. Baggage in Possession of Passengers
-Article 1754, Civil Code
-Articles 1998, 2000-2003, Civil Code
C. Safety of Passengers Articles 1755-1763
-Bacarro vs. Castano, 118 SCRA 187 (1982)
-Baliwag Transit vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 116110, 15 May 1996
1. Void Stipulations
-Article 1757, 1758, 1760 Civil Code

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2. Duration of Liability
a. Waiting for Carrier or Boarding of Carrier
-Dangwa Transportation vs. Court of Appeals, 202 SCRA 574 (1991)
-La Mallorca vs. Court of Appeals, 17 SCRA 739
-LRTA vs. Natividad, G.R. No.145804, 06 February 2003
b. Arrival at Destination
-Aboitiz Shipping vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 84458, 06 November 1989
3. Liability for Acts of Others
a. Employees
-Article 1759 Civil Code
-Pestano vs. Sumayang, G.R. No. 139875, 04 December 2000
-Mallari, Sr. vs. Court of Appeals, 324 SCRA 147 (2000)
b. Other Passengers and Strangers
-Pilapil vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 52159, 22 December 1989
-Fortune Express vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 119756, 18 March 1999
-PAL vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 120262, 17 July 1997
4. Extent of Liability for Damages Articles 1762, 1763, 1764 and 1766
-Air France vs. Carrascoso, G.R. No. L-21438, 28 September 1966
-LRTA vs. Natividad, supra
-Pestano vs.Sumayang, supra
-Calalas vs. Court of Appeals, 332 SCRA 356
-Ace Haulers Corporation vs. Court of Appeals, 338 SCRA 572
-Tan vs. Northwest Airlines, 327 SCRA 263
-Villa Rey Transit vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-25499, 18 February 1970
-Fortune Express vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 119756, 18 March 1999
-Baliwag Transit vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 80447, 31 January 1989
D. Bill of Lading
-Articles 349-374, Code of Commerce
-Articles 706-718, Code of Commerce
-Chapter 1, Part III, R.A. No. 8792
1. Three-Fold Character
-Lorenzo Shipping vs. Chubb and Sons, G.R. No. 147724, 08 June 2004
-Samar Mining vs. Nordeutscher Lloyd, G.R. No. L-28673, 23 October 1984
-Mindanao Bus vs. CIR, G.R. No. L-14078, 24 February 1961
-MOF Company, Inc. vs. Shin Yang Brokerage, G.R. No. 172822, 18 December 2009
-Sweet Lines vs. Teves, 83 SCRA 361 (1978)
-Ong Yiu vs. Court of Appeals, 91 SCRA 223 (1979)
2. Delivery of Goods
a. Period of Delivery
-Mendoza v. Philippine Air Lines, Inc., 90 Phil. 836 [1952]
-Saludo, Jr. v. Court of Appeals (207 SCRA 498 [1992])

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b. Delivery Without Surrender of Bill of Lading


-Macam vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 125524. August 25, 1999
c. Refusal of Consignee to Take Delivery
-MOF vs. Shin Yang, G.R. No. 172822, 18 December 2009
3. Period for Filing Claims
Magellan Manufacturing Marketing Corp. v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 95529, 22 August
1991, 201 SCRA 10
-Provident vs. court of Appeals, [G.R. No. 118030. January 15, 2004]
4. Period for Filing Actions
-Insurance Company of N.A. vs. ATI, G.R No. 180784, 15 February 2012
E. Maritime Commerce
1. Charter Parties
a. Bareboat/Demise Charter
-Puromines, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals,
-Planters Products, Inc. vs. Court of Appeals, 226 SCRA 476 (1993)
b. Time Charter
c.Voyage/Trip Charter
-Litonjua Shipping vs. National Seamen Board, G.R. No. 51910, 10 August 1989
2. Liability of Ship Owners and Shipping Agents
-Articles 586-649, Code of Commerce
-Abueg vs. San Diego, 77 Phil. 730 (1946)
-Vasquez vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-42926, 13 September 1985
-Negros Navigation vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 110398, 07 November 1997
a. Liability for Acts of Captain
-Arada vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 98243, 01 July 1992
b. Exceptions to Limited Liability
-Chua Yek Hong vs. IAC, G.R. No. L-74811, 30 September 1988
-Yangco vs. Laserna, 73 Phil. 330 (1941)
-Standard Oil Co. vs. Lopez Castelo, 42 Phil. 256 (1921)
-Manila Steamship vs. Abdulhaman, 100 Phil. 32 (1956)
-Aboitiz Shipping vs. New India Assurance, G.R. No. 156978, 02 May 2006
3. Accidents and Damages in Maritime Commerce
a. General Average
-Article 806-869
-A. Magsaysay vs. Agan, G.R. No. L-6393, 31 January 1955
b. Collisions
A Urrutia & Co. vs. Baco River, G.R. No. 7675, 25 March 1913
Marine Trading vs. Government of the P.I., G.R. No. 13422, 08 November 1918
Smith Bell vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 56294, 20 May 1991
Government of P.I. vs. Philippine Steamship, G.R. No. 18957, 16 January 1923

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4. Carriage of Goods by Sea Act (COGSA)


a. Application
b. Notice of Loss or Damage
c. Period of Prescription
-Section 3(6), COGSA
-Ang vs. American Steamship, G.R. No. L-25047 and L-25050, 18 March 1967
d. Limitation of Liability
-Section 4, COGSA, Article 1734, Civil Code
F. The Warsaw Convention
1. Applicability
-Llhuillier vs. British Airways, G.R. No. 171092, 15 March 2010
-United Airlines vs. Uy, 318 SCRA 576 (1999)
2. Limitation of Liability
a. Liability to Passengers
-Santos III vs. Northwest, G.R. No. 101538, 23 June 1992
b. Liability for Checked Baggage
-Alitalia vs. IAC, G.R. No. 71929, 04 December 1990
-PanAm vs. IAC, 164 SCRA 268 G.R. No. 70462 August 11, 1988
c. Liability for Handcarried Baggage
3.Willful Misconduct
-Northwest vs. Cuenca, 14 SCRA 1063
-Air France vs. Carrascoso, supra
-Zulueta vs. Pan Am, 43 SCRA 397

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