Sie sind auf Seite 1von 44

If

= f(z),

or the indefinite

then

y is the function
of f(z),

integral

Since the derivative

derivative

is f(z)

and is called

of a definite

integral,

see page

94.

The

process

of finding

In the following,
u, v, w are functions
of x; a, b, p, q, n any constants,
e = 2.71828. . . is the natural
base of logarithms;
In u denotes the natural
logarithm
that u > 0 [in general, to extend formulas
to cases where u < 0 as well, replace
are in radians; all constants of integration
are omitted
but implied.
14.1

14.2

14.3

14.4

adz

uf(x)

dx

ax

(ukz)kwk
udv

14.6

14.7

14.8

Sf(m)
S

WV -

dx

F{fWl

dx

undu

14.10

_(udx

vdu

integration

svdx

[Integration
by parts,

.(wdx

by parts]

see 14.48.

aSf(u) du

F(u)2

du

F(u)
f(z)

du

where

u =

.&a+1

du
-=
S

n-t

n#-1

In u

...

=
14.9

f(x) dx

. ..)dx

For generalized
14.5

if

[For n = -1, see 14.81

u > 0 or In (-u)

if

u < 0

In ]u]

eu du

eu

audu

@Ina&

the anti-derivative

denoted by
if y =
f (4 dx. Similarly
f (4 du, then
s
S
is zero, all indefinite
integrals
differ by an arbitrary
constant.

of a constant

For the definition


integration.

whose

eUlLl

-=-

In a

au

In a
57

a>O,

a#1

f(z)

an integral

of f(s)
$

f(u).

is called

restricted
if indicated;
of u where it is assumed
In u by In ]u]]; all angles

INDEFINITE

58

du

- cos u

cosu du

sin u

tanu

du

In secu

14.14

cot u du

In sinu

14.15

see u du

In (set u + tan u)

In tan

csc u du

ln(cscu-

In tan;

#u

j&u + sin u cos u)

14.11

14.13

14.16
14.17
14.18

14.19
14.20
14.21
14.22
14.23

14.24
14.25
14.26
14.27
14.28
14.29
14.30

sinu

INTEGRALS

I
.I'

tanu

-cotu

tanzudu

tanu

cot2udu

-cotu

sin2udu

- 2

;+T

du

secu

-cscu

S
S
S
s

' co532u du

secutanu

cscucotudu

S
I
I
J

sin 2u

du

coshu

coshu

du

sinh u

tanhu

du

In coshu

coth u du

In sinh u

sechu du

sin-1

csch u du

In tanh;

(tanh u)

sechzudu

tanhu

14.32

csch2 u du

- coth u

tanh2u

u -

du

sin 2u
4

14.31

14.33

cosu

sinhu

S
S

-In

cotu)

sec2 u du
* csc2udu

tanhu

or

or

sin u cos u)

2 tan-l

- coth-1

eU

eU

INDEFINITE

14.34
14.35
14.36
14.37
14.38

S
S
S
S
s

sinheudu

sinh 2u
--4

coshs u du

sinh 2u
___
i- t
4

59

cothu
u
2

- sech u

csch u coth u du

- csch u

+(sinh

Q(sinh u cash u + U)

u cash u - U)

du
___
=
u + CL2

14.42

14.43

u -

14.41

14.40

sech u tanh u du

S
S
S

14.39

cothe u du

INTEGRALS

u2
=

du
___
@T7

>a2

u2 < a2

ln(u+&Zi?)

01

sinh-1

14.44
14.45

14.46
14.47
14.48

f(n)g dx

This

is called

f(n-l,g

generalized

f(n-2)gJ

integration

f(n--3)gfr

. . .

(-1)

by parts.

Often in practice an integral


can be simplified
by using an appropriate
and formula
14.6, page 57. The following
list gives some transformations
14.49
14.50
14.51
14.52
14.53

S
S
S
S
S

F(ax+

b)dx

F(ds)dx

F(qs)

1
a

=
=
dx

F(d=)dx

F(dm)dx

S
S
S
S
S

fgcn) dx

F(u) du

transformation
and their effects.

where

u = ax + b

u F(u) du

where

u = da

u-1

where

u = qs

F(u) du

F(a cos u) cos u du

where

x = a sin u

F(a set u) sec2 u du

where

x = atanu

or substitution

INDEFINITE

14.54
14.55
14.56
14.57

F(d=)

F(eax)

dx

F(lnx)

dz

F(u)

s
=

apply

x, cosx)

tan u) set u tan u du

F(a

where

x = a set u

where

u = In 5

where

u = sin-i:

dx

results

F(sin

F (sin-l:)

Similar
14.58

dx

INTEGRALS

dx

e du

oJ

F(u)

for other
=

cosu

inverse

du

trigonometric

functions.
-

du

1 + u?

where

u = tan:

Pages 60 through
93 provide a table of integrals
classified under special types. The remarks
page 57 apply here as well. It is assumed in all cases that division
by zero is excluded.

14.59

dx
s

, In (ax + a)

as=
xdx
ax + b

14.60

dx

x3

14.62

S i&T-%$-

14.63

S z(az

14.64

S x2(ax

14.65

14.66

S ~(ax

14.67

S ~(ax

14.68

Sm

- ;E- In (ax + 5)

(ax + b)2
--ix---

2b(az3+

(ax + b)s
---m----

3b(ax + b)2 + 3b2(ax + b) _ b3


2 In (ax + b)
2a4
a4

b, + $ In (ax + b)

dx

=
dx
+ b)

b)

dx
x3(ax+

dx

-1

+ b)2

a(ux + b)

x dx
+ b)2

a2(af+

ax + b
--- a3

(ax + b)2 _
2a4

x2 dx
x3

dx

14.69

~
S (ax

+ b)2

14.70

S x(ax

dx
+ b)2

14.71

xqax

dX

+ by

b)+ $ In(ax+ b)
a3(ax

b2
+ b)

3b(ax + b) +
a4

In (ax + b)
bs
+ z
aJ(ax + b)

In (ax + b)

given

on

INDEFINITE

14.72
14.73
14.74
14.75

14.76

dx

x3(az+

dx
~(ax + b)3

14.79
14.80
14.81

S
S
S
S

14.82

2b
a3(az+

b)2

+ +3 In (as + b)

b3
2u4(ax+

6x2
=

2b2(u;a+

2b5(ux + b)2 -

b)ndx

n = -1, -2,

b)2 -

b3(ux + b)

a4x2

4u3x
b5(ux + b) -

(ax + b)n+l

(n+l)a
=

If

(ax + b)n+2
~-

+ b)n dx

(n

(ax + b)n+3
+ 3)a3

'

2b(ux +. b)n+2
(n+ 2)u3

nZ-1*--2

t b) dx

b2(ux + b)n+
(nfl)u3

see 14.61, 14.68, 14.75.


+ b)n

xm(ux

(m +

nb

m+n+l
x(ux

see 14.59.

b(ux + b)n+l
(n+l)u2

(n + 2)u2

n = -1,

see 14.60, 14.67.

n = -l,-2,-3,

In (ax + b)

b3(ax + b)

xm+l(ax

14.83

- 2

by

2ux

2b3(ux + b)2 -

x(ux + b)ndx

If

b2
2a3(ax+

b) -

3b2
u4(ux + 6) +

5-

dx

x3(ux + bJ3

SX~(UX

b)

2u

+ bJ3

(ax+

b4(:3c+

dx

x2@

If

b4x

a2(as + b) + 2a2(ax + b)2

dx
+ bJ3

x(ax

3a(az + b) _

-1

x3 dx
~(ax + b)3

61

-1
2(as+ b)2

x dx
(ax + b)3
dx
~
(ax + b)a

(ax + b)2 +
-2b4X2

S x2
S

14.77
14.78

b)2

INTEGRALS

xm(ux

mfnfl

+ b)n+

+ 1)~

-xm+l(ux+b)n+l

(n + 1)b

mb

(m + n + 1)~ .f
+

xm--l(ux

(n S

m+n+2

+ 1)b

+ b)n-1

xm(ux

dx

+ b)dx
+ b)+

dx

62

INDEFINITE

14.89
14.90

14.93

xd-6

14.91

14.92

dzbdx

dx

x%/G

7
=

dx

2(3a;z;

14.96

14.98

dx

&dx

2d&3

&T

X+GT3

dx

t2;$8,,

.(

Xm

x(ax

-(ax
+ b)3/2
(m - l)bxm-

+ b)z

(as +xbP2

(ax + b)mz

x(ux

x-l:=
X~-QL-TTdX

c2;+b3,a

dcv

dx

X2

dx
+ b)m/2

1) s

x--l:LTT
&GTT
gm--1

_ (2m - 5)a
(2m - 2)b s

2b(ux
-

2(ax + b)(m+s)lz
u3(m -I- 6)
~(CLX + b)z
m

2(mf

2(ax + b)(+Q/z
a2(mf4)

dx

dx

4b(ux

+ b)(m+4)/2
4)

2b2(ax

a3(m+

(ax + b)(m-2)/2

+ b
s

(ax + b)(m+2)2
bx

(m - Z)b(ax

+ b)(m+z)/z
aym + 2)
+ b)(+2)2
2)

u3(m+

dx

(ax + b)m2

+z

2
+ b)(m-2)/2

INVOLVfNC

S
S
1
5

x(ax

dx

dx
+ b)(--2)/z

c&z + b AND

p;z! + q

>::

dx

14.105

14109

b)32

dx

2(ax + b)(+z)lz
a(m + 2)

INTEGRALS

14.108

(m-l)xm-

z2(ax + b)m2 dx

S
S

_ (2m - 3)a
(2m - 2)b s
(as

c (ax + b)m2 dx

dXGb

&&x5
dx

Xm

l/zT-ii
-----dx

[See 14.871

X&iZT

2mb
(2m + 1)a s

\/azfb

14.107

(m - l)bxm-1

xmd=

(2m + 1)~

=
dx

14.102

14.106

dx

+;

2LlFqz
s

[See 14.871

x&zz

&zTT

14.104

dx

+ b

x2

14.100

14.103

+ 8b2) ,,m3

14.99

14.101

;$a;bx

&zT
J

&iTx

14.97

2b l&a@

2(15ax2

14.94

14.95

INTEGRALS

(ax + b)(w
x dx
. ( (ax + b)(px

S
S
j-

+ d
+ d

dx
(ax + b)2bx

+ d

xdx
(ax + b)2(px

+ 4

x2 ds
(ax + b)z(px

+ q)

&

g In (ax+

(bp - aq;&ux+

b) -

b) +

(b-

% In (px+

ad2

q)

b(bp ,Z 2uq) In (uz + b)

INDEFINITE

14.110

dx
(ax + bpqpx

+ qp

-1
(Yz - l)(bp

INTEGRALS

63

1
- aq)

(ax + b)+l(pz

+ q)-

+ a(m+n-2)
ax + b
-dds
s PX + Q

14.111

dx
(ax + bpqpx

-1
(N

l)(bp

(ax
(px

uq)

+
+

bp+
q)-l

(x-m

va

1
(ax

14.112

bp

(px+

q)n dx

-1

(m

14.113

14.114

-E!C&.Y
d&zT

dx

+ q)n-1

+ yh(px+q)

(ax + bp
-

(n--:)p

l)p

(px

q)n-l

(ax + ap
(pxtqy-1

m@p

aq)

,E++q;!Tl

dx
>

(ax + b)m- 1
(px+
4

dx

>

(ax + by-1
\
(px + qy- l dx1

mu

2(apx+3aq-2bp)Gb
3u2

dx

(Px + 9) &ii-G

14.115

14.116

14.117

Jgdx

(px + q) dn~

S
S

(n - l)(aq

S,

+ q)n-l

+ 2n(aq - W
(2n + 1)a

(2n + 1)u
-&m
(n -

(Px + q)
dn

2(n ^I),;)

+ qy-

l + 2(n 1)p s

INVOLVING

ds

bp) s

* (px + q)s

l dx

&ii%

l)p(pz

INTEBRAES

14.120

- bp)(px

2(px + q)n &iTT

da

14.119

b - aq
(2n + 3)P s

daxi-b

-bx + dn dx

&zTiT
Smdx

(2n + 3)P

dx

(px + 9) &z-i

14.118

2(px + q)n+ l d&T?

dx

dx
(px + qp-

AND

~GzT

J/K

&ln(dGFG+~)

dx

ZI

(ax + b)(w + q')


i

14.121

xdx
(ax + b)(px

=
+ q)

dbx

+ b)(px
UP

+ 4

b + w
--x&T-

dx
(ax + b)(w

+ q)

dx

dx
(px + q)n-1

&-TT

INDEFINITE

64

INTEGRALS
dx

14.122

(ax + b)(px + q) dx

14.123

.('

j/sdx

(ax + b)(px + 4

@+

y(px+q)

+ vj-

(ax+;(px+q)

2&izi
14.124
(aq - W d%=i

lNTEGRALS

14.125

s--$$

$I-'~

14.126

J-$$$

+ In (x2 + a2)

14.127

J$$

x -

14.128

s&

4-l

x2(x?+

14.131

x3(x?+a2)

14.132

(x2d;Ga2)2

14.137
14.138

($2)

$ln(x2+az)

+3 tan-l:

2a2(xf+

14.140

(~2

14.141

dx
x(x2 + a2)

(x2+ a2)"

-~

x
-- 2:5 tan-l:
2a4(x2 + a2)

1
2a4x2

1
2a4(x2 + u2)
2n - 3
+ (2n- 2)a2

2(n - l)a2(x2 + a2)%-*

xdx

dx

(x2 + a2)n-1

-1
2(n - 1)(x2 + a2)n-1

+ a2)n=

dx

1
2(12 - l)a2(x2 + uy--1

xm dx
dx
S x9z2+a2)n

+ &3 tan-':

a2)

--- 1
a4x

dx
S x2(x2 + c&2)2 =
dx
+ a2)2 =
S x3(x2
(x2d+za2)n

14.143

1
2a2x2

-=

14.139

14.142

six

x + a2

a tan-13c a

--30

INVOLVtNO

=
=

xm--2 dx
(x2

a2)n-l

a2

+ $

dx
1
2 S 33x2 + a2)n--1

S x(x2 + a2)n-1

x*--2 dx
(x2 + a2)"
--

1
a2 S

dx

xme2(x2 + a2)

INDEFINITE

:INTEORAES
I.

14.144

14.145

~
x2 - a2

xdx

14.147

s m--

14.150

14.151

14.156

14.157

14.158

x2(x2 - a2) =

x3(x2-a2)

(x2?a2)2

(x2 - a2)2

(x2--2)2

dx

dx

14.162

__ 1
2a2x2

2a2(sta2)

-1
2(x2-a2)

2(xFTa2)

2(x2 - a9

xdx

Lln

~~3

>

x2 dx

'

-a2

x3dx

(,Zya2)2

&ln

+ i In (x2 - a2)

dx

x(x2 - a2)2

x2(x2-a2)2

dx

S
S

dx

---

xdx

dx

u2)n

--x

$5'"

2n - 3 s
(2~2 - 2)a2

dx
(x2

a2p-

-1
2(n - 1)(x2 - a2)n--1

S - =
=S
S --a?)"
S
S
x(x2

2(n - 1)u2(x2 - a2)n-1

a2)n

(X2-a2)n

2a4(xi-a2)

2~~4x2

dx

(x2 -

--

x3(x2-a2)2

14.161

+ $ In (x2 - a2)

dx

x(x2 - a2) =

14.159

14.160

14.154

14.155

Jj In (x2 - ~22)

x3 dx

14.152

14.153

z2 > a2

x2 dx
s n--

14.149

65

ix2 - a,

1
- a coth-1

or

m=

14.146

14.148

INVOLVlNO

dx

INTEGRALS

-1
2(n - l)dyx2 - dy-1

x77-2 dx

xm dx

1
az

x(x2-

S
- u2p-S
a?

a2)n--1

dx

xm--2 dx

(x2

(x2-a2)n-1

dx
Xm(X2qp=

dx

,z

xm-2(x2

a2

(x2-a2)n

xm(x2-

dx
u2)n-l

INDEFINITE

66

tNVOLVlNO

IWTEGRALS

14.163

~ dx
a2 - x2

14.164

__
a2 - x2

14.165

g-z-p-

14.166

Sm

14.167

x(a2 - 22)

14.168

22(d

= ---2

dx

$ In (a2 - x2)

22)

22
x3(,Ex2)

-&+

&lln
(

dx

22>

2a2(a2 - x2)

2(a2--x2)

2(Lx2)

a2
2(&-x2)

+ i In (a2 - x2)

x dx

(a2 -

__
a2

x2)2

22 dx
(&-x2)2

14.173

(CL2- x2)2 =

14.174

14.175

14.176

14.177

(a2 -dx x2)n

(a2 - x2)n =

14.179

x(a2

14.180

(,2-x2p

14.181

i tanh-I$

dx

14.172

14.178

xz<aa

- f In (a2 - x2)

x2

x3 dx

(a2-x2)2

14.171

or

u~--~,

x2 dx

14.169J
14.170

x dx

INTEGRALS

x3 dx

5 dx

(a2

dx

dx

xp

(2n2n - 2)a2
3

l)a2(;2-x2)n-l

1
2(n - l)(a2 - x2)n-1

xdx

dx

qn-

2(n - l)a2(a2

a2

xm -2dx

j- xmc,~xp)n
=

+2s

- x2)n-1

(a2 - x2p

+f

x(u2 - xy--1

x*-2dx

xm(a2?z2)n-~

(a2-

x2)n-l

+$f

x--$-x2)n

x2)n-l

INDEFINITE

14.182

In (x + &&?)

INTEGRALS

or

sinh-1s
a

x dx
___
~~

lfzT-2

~I2xz

14.183

14.184

II

x2 dx

-- a2
2 In(x+@Tz)

2
dx

x3

14.185

x 7 2 +a

(x2 + a2)3/2
3

a2&GZ

14.186
S

14.187
S

.2&F&i

s
14.189
14.190
14.191
14.192

14.193

14.194

dx

14.188

J/Xa22
~~

+ k3

-2a2x2

x3~~5

S
S
s

a+&3T2

In

+ $l(x+~W)

xdmdx

(x2 + a2)3/2

x%jmdx

ad-g-q

dx

x(x2 + a2)312
4
(x2 + a2)5/2 _
5

a2x&T2

&T
S-dx
S

a2(x2 + a2)3/2
3

= --&G-G

+ ln(z+drn)

&s-T-z

dx

14.196

(x2

14.197

(%2

14.198

.f

(x2

(x2

x(x2 +

x2(x2

dx
+

x3(x2

dx
+ a2)3/2

14.199

14.200

14.201

14.202

a2)3/2

x dx

a2)3/2

x2 dx

x3

a2)3/2

dx

+ a2)3/2

=
= &is
= d&
=

+ ln(x

@TTP

1
a2)3/2

a2)3/2

+ d&i7)

im+a2

dx

a-l-&372

- $a In

x3

a4

sln(x+j/~)

=&qgwalIn

X2

14.195

>

a+JZ2

In

~~
- ~ a4x

-1
=

a2&SiZ

2a2x2&GT

x
-

a4&FS

2a4&FiZ

+ s5ln

a+&-TS
2

INDEFINITE

68

14.203
14.204
14.205
14.206
14.207

14.208
14.209

14.210

14.211
14.212
14.213

S
S
S
S
S
S
S

(x2

x(x2

a~)312

dx

dx

u2)3/2

x(x2

3&q/~

u2)3/2

4
(x2

~2)3/2

ds

x3(x2

u2)3/2

dx

u2)5/2

x(x2

u2)5/2

u2)3/2

dx

(22

(x2+

ds

u2)32

~2(~2

U2)32
x3

dx

(x2 +

--

u4x@TF2

~~ln(~+~2xq

16

~2)5/2

CL+@-TT?

+ u2@T2

x
a2)3/2

a3 In

>

+ 3a2 ln (x + q-&-T&)
2
U-kdlXS

2x2

In (x + j/277),

u2)3/2

s
~ x2 dx
&G=z

_ (x2 + u2)32 + 3x-

x2

(x2

24

~2472

(x2 + UT2

u2x(x2

6
7

(x2

+~a4ln(x+~2TTq

x2(x2

INTEGRALS

5 P--x-a

x3dx

s G= 1
5

asec-l

x2- u2

14.214

14.215

14.216
14.217
14.218
14.219

14.220

@=2
S

x3(&

dndx

S
Sx2@73
S

xda~dx

,d~

s-dx

+ k3 see-l xU
I I

2u2x2
x
=

dx

dx

x2-a

(x2

-$ln(x+dm)
u2)3/2

x(x2

cAq/m~
- a2)3/2
+

cx2

~2)5/2

8
~2(~2

5
=

dm-

~2)3/2

3
a see-l

I;1-

-- 8 ln(x

+ +2TS)

>

INDEFINITE

INTEGRALS

69

14.224

14.225

14.226

14.227

14.228
14.229

S 22 dx
S
S
S
S
(~2 -

a2)3/2

x3 dx
(22 - a2)3/2

-~

-1
a2@qp

dx

z2(s2

lJZ2

a2)3/2

-_

x3(x2

(~2 -

x
a+iGZ

&)3/z

&

x(x2 - a2)3/2
4
-

x(52 - a2)3/2 dx

(x2

14.236

x2(99 -

a2)3/2

x3(52 -

a2)3/2

dx

2(x2 -

a2)5/2

14.238

dx

(22 -

a2)7/2

a2x(x2

14.240

az(x2

In (5 + &372)

a4x&FS
16

a2)5/2

@2 _ a2)3/2

S
S
S

(x2 _ a2)3/2

dx

tx2

a2)3'2

a2da

a3 set-'

3
dx

(x2

,jx

(x2;$33'2

-xa2)3'2

3xy

"y

ia

ln (1 + da)

X2

@2 -

a2)3/2

ga

sec-'

x3

Sda& =

lNVC)LVlNG

<%=??

sin-l:

xdx
____
= -dGi
___x2 dx
).lm
x3 dx
____

sjlzz

[El
a

x 7 a-x

(a2 - x2j312 _
3

a2dpz3i

a+&KG
X

14.243

Ia I

14.241

14.242

a2)3/2

24

@G?

14.239

see-l

+ :a4

1NtEORAtS

14.237

3a2x&iF2

2a5

a!2)5/2

14.235

--

14.233
14.234

*
I

2
IaI

a4x

a2)3/2

14.232

1
-- a3
set-1

dx

14.230
14.231

- dx2aLa2

GTZ-

dx

4x2 - a2P2

+ ln(x+&272)
&z

dx

Sx743x5
-~
2a2x2

&3 In

a + I/-X;
5

+ $

In (z + $X2 - a2 )

INDEFINITE

70

14.244

14.245

xqTF-2

dx

x+s-?5

14.249

&AT
s ~ x2

14.250

S~

14.252

14.253

14.254

14.255

14.256

14.257

14.258
14.259
14.260
14.261

dx

x(a2-

a2(a2-

x2 dx
(a2 ex2)3/2

x3 dx
(a2-x2)3/2

daz_,Z+d&

a+@=-2
(

_sin-1:
x
a
+

2x2

xdx
(,2mx2)3/2

sin-l

x2)3/2

&GT2

-~

x3

+ g

~~-CLln

a+@=2

&In

>

>

.3Lz2
&A?

x2)3/2

a2&z

sin-l-

dx

a+&GS

i31n

diFT1

dx
x2(a2-x2)3/2

a2xF

dx= _~

x(a2-

dx
@2ex2)3/2

x2)3/2

(a2 - x2)5/2

Wdx=

S
S
S
S
S

-x2)3/2

@=z
-dx

-ta2

x3dmdx

14.248

14.251

sin-l:

14.246

14.247

$f

INTEGRALS

614x

dx

a4&iGz

-1

x3(a2-x2)3/2

x(a2

&51n

2a4&FG

2a2x2@T2

S($2 - x2)3/2 dx=


Sx(&-43/2& = Sx2(& - &)3/2 ,&= S x2)3/2 dx=

3a2x&Ci3
8

x2)3/2

a+@?
(

>

ia4 sin-l:

(a2-x2)5/2

(a2 -xx2)3'2

14.263

14.264

(a2-

x2)3/2

x2)5/2

a2x(a2--2)3/2

6
x2)7/2

(a2 -3x2)3'2

dx

-(a2-x2)3/2

a2(a2-

x2)5/2

a2dm

3x&z%

a3 ln

(a

+ y)

;a2sin-1~
a

+ gain

a+&PZ
X

+ igsin-l;

_ ta2 ;x;2)32

a6

16

dx

a4xjliGlF

24

dx

x2

la2 -x;2)32

x(a2

(a2 -

x3(&2 -

14.262

>

INDEFINITE

INTEOiRALS

INTEGRALS

71

ax2 f bz + c

LNVULWNG

2
14.265

&LFiP

dx
bx + c

ax2+

2ax + b - \/b2--4ac
$-z

If
results

14.268

14.269

14.270

14.271

14.272

14.273

14.274

14.275

xdx
ax2 + bx + c

&

x2 dx
ax2 + bx + c

--X
a

ax2-t

x dx
bx+c

S
s

dx
+ bx + c)

xz(ax2

S
S
S
S
S

xn(ax2

ax2 + bx + c

dx
+ bx + c)

14.277

14.278

14.279

X2

1
=

-(n

- l)cxn-l

-- b
c

b
2c

--

( ax2 + bx + c )

&ln

2ac

~-1
dx
ax2 + bx + c

I b2 - 2ac
23

x-l(ax2

(4ac -

x dx
(ax2 + bx + ~$2

- (4ac -

2c
(b2 - 2ac)x + bc
f4ac - b2
a(4ac - b2)(ax2 + bx + c)

- (2n - m - l)a(ax2

2ax + 6
2a
+b2)(ax2 + bx + c)
4ac - b2, f

x dx

+ bx + c)n--l

(n - m)b
(2n - m - 1)a s

dx
ax2 + bx + c

xnp2(ax2

dx
ax2 + bx + c

S
S

dx
ax2 + bx + c

(m - 1)~
(2n-m1)a s

~-2 dx (ax2 + bx + c)n

xm-1 dx
(ax2 + bx + c)fl

+bx+c)n= $S(a392f~~3~~)-I - $S(ax:";;:!+


-iS
S
S
S
S
S
S
.I
S
Sx~-~(ccx~
s

x2n--1 dx
(m2

dx
x(ax2 + bx f

x2n-2

dx

(ax2 + bx -t- c)n

c)~

dx
x2(ax2 f bx + c)~

xn(ax2

dx
+ bx + c)

dx
ax2 + bx + c

-4ac

xWL-l

(ax2 + bx f CP

dx
-- a
+ bx + c)
c

$2 dx

use

dx
(ax2 + bx + c)2

(ax2 + bx + c)2

b = 0

dx
ax2 + bx + c

_ 1
cx
>

bx + 2c
b2)(ax2 + bx + c)

If

dx
ax2 + bx + c

x-2
dx
-- b
ax2 + bx + c
a

60-61 can he used.

dx
ax2 + bx + c
b2 -

X2

$1,

:i

on pages

+ T

--

(m-l)a

&ln(ax2+bx+c)
x?T-l

dx
+ bx + c)

x(ax2

In (ax2 + bx + c) - $

14.276

i( 2ax + b + dn

b2 = 4ac, ax2 + bx + c = a(z + b/2a)2 and the results


on page 64. If a or c = 0 use results on pages 60-61.

14.266

14.267

In

dx
f bx $

1
-2c(ax2 + bx + c)

- cx(ax2

+ bx + C)

b
2c

-- 3a
c

dx
+$
(ax2 + bx + c)2

dx
-- 2b
(ax2 + bx + c)2
c

c)~

-(m

- l)cxm-l(ax2

_ (m+n-2)b
(m - 1)~

+ bx + c)n--l

(m+2n-3)a
(m - 1)c

dx
+ bx + c)n

dx
x(ax2 + bx + c)

x(6x2

dx
+ bx + c)2

x-~(ux~

dx
+ bx + c)

72

INDEFINITE

INTEGRALS

In the following
results if b2 = 4ac, \/ ax2 + bx + c = fi(z
+ b/2a) and the results
be used. lf b = 0 use the results on pages 67-70. If a = 0 or c = d use the results
$

ax

14.280

ax2+bx+c

In (2&dax2

-&sin-l

on uaaes 60-61 can


on pages 61-62.

+ bx + e + 2ax + b)
(J;rT4ic)

or

&

sinh-l(~~~c~~2)

14.281
14.282

x2 dx
s,

ax2+bx+c

14.283

dx

14.284

ax2 + bx + c

14.285

ax2+bx+cdx

(2ax+

14.286

b)

ax2+
4a

bx+c

+4ac-b2

16a2

14.288

14.289
14.290
14.291
14.292
14.293

6az4a25b

bx+c

(ax2 + bx + c)~/~ +

,,,

d ax2f

bx+c

dx

ax2+bx+c

ax2+bx+c
X2

S
S
ax2
Scax2 x2
S+x2+%+c)32 = cdax2 : bx+e+: SJ
s
S,
S
dx
(ax2 + bx + c)~~

2(2ax + b)

(4ac - b2)

x dx

(ax2 + bx +
dx
+ bx +

x2(aX2

ax2 + bx + c

2(bx + 2c)

~)3~

(b2 - 4ac) \/

432

a(4ac - b2)

+ bx + c

(2b2 - 4ac)x

+ 2bc

dx
+ bx +

c)~~

ax2 + 2bx + c
- &?xdax2 + bx + c +

2c2

(ax2 + bx + c)n+1/2dx

dx

1~x2 + bx + c

-- 3b

14.295

ax2 + bx + c

axz+bx+c

14.294

(ax2 + bx + c)3/2
b(2ax + b) dp
~
ax2+
3a
8a2
dx
- b(4ac - b2)

14.287

dx
8a

ax2+bx+c

S +ifif+

dx

(QX~

axz+bx+c

b2 -

26

2ac

Scax2

dx
+ bx +

433

dx

ax2+bx+c

(2ax + b)(ax2 + bx + c)n+ 1~2


4a(nf 1)
+ (2% + 1)(4acb2)
(a&+
8a(n+ 1)

bx + c)n-12dx

4312

INDEFINITE

14.296
14.297

S
s(ax2-t

x(uxz + bx + C)n+l/z dx

(ax2 + bx + C)n+3'2
cq2n+ 3)
2(2ax

dX

bx + ~)n+l~

dx
+ bx + ++I2

x(ux2

73

_ $

(ax2 + bx + ~)~+lzdx

+ b)

(2~2 - 1)(41x - b2)(ax2 + bx + +--1/z


8a(n1)
dx
(2~2 - 1)(4ac - b2). ( (61.x2 + bx + c)n--1E

14.298

INTEGRALS

1
=

(2~2 - l)c(uxJ

+ bx + c)n--12
dx

JPJTEORALS
Note
14.299

14.300

14.301
14.303

14.304

14.305

that

14.308
14.309
14.310

dx

involving

X3

x2 - ax + c-9
+ 1
(x + c-42

__
=
x3 + CL3

$ In (x3 +

ClX

.(

x2(x3

u3)

'(z3yu3)2

'

-+

u3)2

%(X3

+ a3)2

x2(x3

dx
+

+ &In

14.312

1 -

--

CL62

xdx
+ u4

x4

x3

dx

~
x4 + a4

3u5fi

(x + a)2

x2
xm-3

m-2

a3

x3

-1
1)x+-

c&3@-

In

4u3fi

&

-L
4ufi
14.314

2x-u
a \r 3

x2 - ax + a2

2x +

tan-l

In

-4-.---

3u6 s

3a6(x3 + u3)

xm-2
-

a3)

tan-l

3utfi3 tan-

&,3(x3 + as)

u3)2

x4 + a4

u3

dx

- 3(x3 + US)

dX

I'

+3tanP1

x2 - ax + a2

+ &n

a3)

x2 + axfi
x2 - uxfi

x3

x dx
+ u3

[See 14.3001

dx
+ a3
dx

-2

JNTEORALS

14.311

(x + a)2

x(x3+u3)

(xfcp

x2
3a3(x3 +

x- dx

G-4 In

3u3(s3 +a3)

dx

x9x3+

dx

43

x2 - ax + u2

x2 dx
(x3+

2x-u
7

tan-l

x3

a by --a.

14.302

~3)

a32

xdx
(x3 + c&3)2 =

(ax2 + bx + c),+ l/i

3ea+ a3

a\/3

x2 dx

x3 - u3 replace

2~ s

x2 - ax + cl2

u3

~ x dx
x3 + a3

14.306
14.307

for formulas

JNVOLVING

dx

--

x(ux2 + bx + c)-~~

u3

xn-3(x3

INVOLYJNG
+ a2

c?+* a*
1

--

u3)

tan-1

2aqi

+ c&2

-!!tC-LT

22 - CL2

x2 - axfi

+ a2

x2 + ax&

+ u2

$ In (x4 + a4)

--

1
2ckJr2

tan-1

-!!G!- 6

x2 - a2

74

14.315
14.316

INDEFINITE

INTEGRALS

dx
x(x4 + d)

s
s

dx
x2(x4

14.317

+ u4)

+-

1
2a5&

dx
x3(x4

+ a4)

14.322

14.323

14.324

14.325

14.326

14.327

14.328

14.332

dx

.I x(xn+an)
fs

xm dx
(x+
c&y

dx
xm(xn+
an)

xn + an

, In (29 + an)

xm--n dx
(xn + (yy-l
1

x dx
s-- (xn - an)

14.333

14.334

&nlnz

an S

an s

x --n dx
(xn + an)T

dx
xm(xn + IP)~--~

xm--n dx
(~-a~)~

1
an
-s

xm--n dx

+ s

(xn-an)r-l

dx = m..?wcos-~

!qfzGG

m/z

dx
xmpn(xn + an)r

tan-l

CiXfi
___
x2 -

a2

INDEFINITE

14.335

xp-1 dx

INTEGRALS

75
x + a cos [(2k - l)d2m]

1
ma2m-P

I----=xzm + azm

a sin [(2k - l)r/2m]

x2 + 2ax cosv
where
14.336

xv- 1 dx
X2m

m-1

a2m

2ma2m-P
PI2

cos kp7T In
km
sin m

2*

ka

x -

tan-l

+ a2
a cos (krlm)

a sin (krlm)

k=l

2ax ~0s;

m-1

where

x2 -

k=l

-&pFz

14.337

+ a$!

0 < p 5 2m.

{In (x - 4

+ (-lJp

>
ln (x + 4)

0 < p 5 2m.

x2m+l

xP-ldX
+ a2m+l
2(-l)P--1
(2m + l)a2m-P+1k?l

sin&l

x + a cos [2kJ(2m

a sin [2krl(2m

+ l)]
+ l)]

(-1p-1
(2m + l)az-+k?l

tan-l

cossl

In

x2 + 2ax cos -$$$+a2

+ (-l)p-l
In (x + a)
(2m + l)a2m-P+
l
where

14.338

O<pSim+l.
xp-1

x2m+l

dx
a2m+l
77,

(zrn+

x -

2kpr

kzlSin

l)a22m-P+l

2m + 1 Iian-

a cos [2krl(2m

a sin [2k7;/(2m

+ l)]
+ l)]

>

14.340

sinaxdx

%sinax+

14.342

(T-

siyxdx

14.345
14.346

14.347

-$)sinax

sin ax

dx

+ a
S Ydx

=
=

sin2 ax dx

+ (f-f&--$)

cosax

5*5!

S sin ax
xdx
S sin ax

cos ax

3*3!

dx

sin ax

ax-(aX)3+(a2)5-...

s
sinx;x

lNVOLVlNC3

x cos ax
___
a

y-

14.341

14.344

2ax cos

-- cos ax
a

ssinaxdx

14.343

x2 -

O<pS2m+l.

INTEGRALS
14.339

In

In (x-a)
(2m + l)a2m-n+1

+
where

cos&

(2m + 1)ta2m-p+ ,li,

: _ sin 2ax
2

4a

[see 14.3731

a2

76

INDEFINITE

14.348
14.349

x sin2 ax dx
sin3 ax dx

X2

x sin 2az
4a

_ cos ax
-+-

3x
8

14.351

- 1. cot ax
a

__ dx
sin3 ax

14.352

14.353
14.354

1 -

dx
sin ax

sin 4ax
32a

cos ax
2a sin2 ax

sin px sin qx dx

3a

sin 2ax
-+-t
4a

sin4 ax dx

cos 2ax
8a2

--

cos3 ax

14.350

INTEGRALS

sin (p - q)x
2(P - 4)

_ sin (p + q)x

[If

2(P + (I)

p = *q,

see 14.368.1

, tan

14.355
14.356

14.357
14.358

p tan *ax

14.360

14.361

14.362

dx
p + q sin ax

ad&2

tan-

a&2

In

+ q

@q

=
ptan+ax+q--

If

p = *q

see 14.354

dx
(p + q sin ax)2

If

p = *q

( p tan +ax

+ q + dm

and 14.356.
q cos ax
a(p2 - q2)(p + q sin ax)

see 14.358

t--J---p2

and 14.359.

dx
p + q sin2 ax

p2 -

14.364

14.367
14.368

xmsinaxdx

.I
s

sijlnuxdx = sinn ax dx

In

m cos ax
mxm--l
+
a

sin ax
(n - 1)xn-l
_ sinn--l

tanax

tan

ap&2

dx
q2 sin2 ax

_ 2wdF7z

14.366

dx
p + q sin ax

s
1

14.365

q2

-1 dm

14.363

+a

- dx
sinn ax

- cos ax
a(n - 1) sin-

ax

~ xdx
sinn ax

-x cos ax
a(72 - 1) sinn--l

ax -

dn

tan ax +

( dm

tan ax -

sin ax

a2
=$

n-1

ax cos ax
an

m(m - 1)
-7
dx

xmp-2 sin ax dx

[see 14.3951

s
+-

72-l
n

sinnp-2 ax dx

dx
sin-
ax
az(n - l)(n

1
- 2) sinnez

ax

+-

n-2

n-1

xdx
sinnP2 ax

INDEFINITE

14.369

14.370

' cosax

xcosaxdx

- xzcosaxdx

14.372

'

cosax

x3

dx

Fdx

$,,,a.

(T---$)cosax

";,'

dx

(axY

--GE-=

14.376

- cos ax _ a

2*2!

14.377

x dx
cos ax

14.378

14.379

14.380

14.381

cos4

ax dx

dx

14.383

cos ax cos px dx

14.384
14.385

dx
1 - cosax

x dx
1 - cos ax

14.387

xdx
1 + cos ax

14389

dx
cos ax)2

dx
(1 + cosax)2

sin3 ax

3a

sin (a - p)x

2(a - P)

-- x cot E
a
2

dx
1 + cosax

...

cos 2ax
8cG

sin (a + p)x

2(a + P)

14.386

JtI

14.388

+2

tan
ax
a

ax

x sin 2ax
-+4a
-sin ax a

14.382

cos3

sin 2ax
4a

f+-

ax dx

COG ax

[See 14.3433

En(ax)2n

cos3

___dx

dx

...

(2n-k2)(2n)!

x co9 ax dx

'y
S'

co532ax dx

-+(axF
6*6!

+ 4*4!

$ In (see ax + tan ax)

cos ax

--kd4

Ins--

14.375

sin ax

+ ($-$)sinax

14.374

77

-cos ax
~x sin ax
a2
+
a

14.371

14.373

dx

INTEGRALS

2
+ - In sin ax
a2
2

[If

a = *p,

see 14.377.1

78

INDEFINITE

INTEGRALS

ad-2tan-

14.390

dx
p+qcosax

dt/(p - Mp
tan *ax

&j&2

14.391

dx
(p + q cos ax)2

a($

dx

14.392

! tan &ax -

tan-l

tan-l
p2-

ptanax-dm
( ptanax+dv

14.395

14.396

14.397
14.398

14.399

14.400

14.401
14.402

14.403

14.404

14.405
14.406
14.407

ydx

co@ ax dx

co@ ax
xdx
COP ax

sinax

a
cos ax
-n-1
(n - 1)x*- 1

cos ax -

sin ax cosn--I ax +?Z-1


n
an

x sin ux
a(n - 1) COP--I ax

sin px cos qx dx

_ cos (P - q)x
VP - 4

sinn ax cos ax dx

COP ax sin ax dx

dx
S sin ax cos ax

xm-2

sinn + 1 ax
(n + 1)~
-cosnflax

(n + 1)a

co@-2ax

dx

dx

COP-2 ax
1
- l)(n - 2) cosnP2 ax

a2(n

+n-2

cos (P + q)x
VP + 9)

[If

n = -1,

[If

n = -1,

sin 4ax
32a

- 8

dx
sin2 ax cos ax

dx
sin ax ~052 ux

=1 ;lntan

1
a sin ax

A In tan
a

-2cot2ax
a

+ &

cos ax dx

[See 14.3651

=1 a In tan ax

a2

2a

dx
S sin2 ax cos2 ax

mtm - 1)

sin2 ax

cosax dx

sin2 ax cos2 ax dx

>

sdx

sin ax
+n-2
a(n - 1) co@--I ax
n-l
-s

.-AL=
s

xm sin ax
mxm--l
+a
a2

[If p = *q see
14.388 and 14389.1

In

xm cos ax dx

dx
p + q cos ux

P
42 - P2 s

q2

I WdFT2
14.394

- P)

dn7

ap

-PI

d(q + dl(q
--

[If p = *q see
14.384 and 14.386.1

P tan ax

w/FS

dx
p2 - q2 cos2 ax

+ d(q + dl(q

q sin ax
- $)($I + q cos ax)
1

s p2 + q2 cos2 ax

14.393

In

+ 4 tan ?px

see 14.440.1
see 14.429.1

n-1
-s

xdx

cosn-2 ax

INDEFINITE

14.408

INTEGRALS

79

14.409
s
cos ax(1

dx
C sin ax)

sinax(1

dx
2 cosax)

dx
sin ax rfr cos ax

14.410
14.411

14.412

14.413

14.414

L
a&

sin ax dx
sin ax * cos ax

cos ax dx
sin ax f cos ax

2:

sin ax dx
p+qcosax

14.416

cos ax dx
p+qsinax

14.417

14.4 18

1
f sin ax)

2a(l

1
* cos ax)

14.415

2a(l

- $

In tan

T $a In (sin ax * cos ax)

+ +a In (sin ax C cos ax)

In (p + q cos ax)

In (p + q sin ax)

sin ax dx
(p + q cos axy

aq(n - l)(p

1
+ q cos axy-1

cos ax dx
(p + q sin UX)~

aq(n - l)(p

-1
+ q sin UX)~--~

dx
p sin ax + q cos ax

14.4 19

adi+

q2 In tan

ax + tan-l
2

(q/p)

2
dx
p sin ax + q cos ax + T

14.420

p + (r - q) tan (ax/z)

a&2-p2-q2tan-1
=

T2

ln

aVp2 + q2 - ~-2
If

14.421

r = q see 14.421.

If

q + p tan 5

ax + tan-
2

1
In
2apq
- sinmP1

14.425

(q/p)

dx
p2 sin2 ax + q2 cos2 ux
dx
p2 sin2 ax - q2 COG ax

14.424

q2

dp2 + q2 - r2 + (r - q) tan (ax/2)p + dp2 + q2 - r2 + (T - q) tan (ax/2)

dx

p -

psinax+qcosax*~~

14.423

p2

~~ = p2 i- q2 see 14.422.

dx
p sin ax + q(1 + cos ax)

14.422

sinm uz COP ax dx

p tanax
- q
p tan ax + q
ax co@+ l ax
m-l
+a(m + n)
mfn

sinm-2

ux cosn ax dx

=
sin

+ l ax cosnwl
a(m + n)

ax +

n-l
m+n

sinm ax COS-~

ux

dx

80

14.426

INDEFINITE

_rs

dx

INTEGRALS

sinm-l ax
a(n - 1) co??--1 ax -

m-l
-n-l

sinm + 1 ax
a(n - 1) cosn--1 ax

m--n+2
n-l

- sinme ax
I a(m - n) cosnel ax
- cosn-l

ax

a(n - 1) sinn--l
14.427

Ed,

ax

a(n - 1) sinn--l
COP-~

14.428

ax

14.430

14.431

14.432

14.433

14.434

14.435

14.436

14.437

14.438

14.439

S
S
S
S

tan ax dx

-ilncosax

tan3 ax dx

tan2 ax
2a
+ $ In co9 ax

edx

dz=
tan ax

ydx

s;;;

2zx dx

;?&l,az

dx

m+n-2
n-1

S
S

dx

sinm ax cosnw2 ax
sinm-2

dx

ax COP ux

tamuzc

ax

tarP + 1 ax
(n + 1)a

1 (ax)3
;Ei 1 3

I 2(ax)7
105

-2 tan ax + $ In cos uz - f
a

p2 + 42

PX

tan-

ax

(n _ l)a

ah2 + q2)
-

I . . . + 22922n-

l)B,(ax)*~+'
(2n + 1) !

2*n(22n - 1)B,(ax)2n-1
(2n- 1)(2n)!

~(cLx)~

dx

+ q tanax

I (ax)5
15

(ad3
a~+~+~+-+

tann ax dx

dx

ilntanax

xtanzaxdx

Sp

z;;:;;z

i In sin ax

xtanaxdx

-, lnsec

tan ax
a

S
S
S
s

tann ax sec2 ax dx

INVOLVING

dx

tanzax

m-l
m-n

dx

-1
mtn-2
+
1 a(m - 1) sinm--l ax ~0.9~~~ ux
m-l

INTtkRAlS
14.429

+-

dx

sic;;z;x

n-l

ax

c;;:;;x

S
S

1
+
~(72 - 1) sinmP1 ax cosn--l ax

sinm ux co@ a5

-- m-l
72-l

ax

I a(m - n) sinn--l

dx

m-l
m-n

.s

_ m-n+2

-coSm+lax

f-

sinme ax
cos-!2ax
dx

In (q sin ux + p cos ax)

tann--2 ax dx

+ *

...

INDEFINITE

14.440
14.441

14.442

14.443
14.444
14.445

14.446

14.447

14.44%
14.449

14.450

14.451
14.452

14.453
14.454

14.455

14.456

14.457

14.458

cot ax dx

s
s

-- cot ax a

cot? ax dx

- -

dx

cot ax

+%dx

qcotax

set ax dx

ax

(n-1)a

cotn--2 ax dx

i In (set ax + tan ax)

tan ax

sec3 ax dx

set ux tan ax
+ & In (set a2 + tan ax)
2a

se@ ax tan ax dx

x secax

x sec2 ax dx

se@ ux
na

-sin ax
a

dx

ydx

...

cot--l S

dx

Q
In (p sin ax + q cos ax)
a(p2 + 92)

p2Tq2

.**

sin ax - g

S set ax

+ -$ln

--

(2n-1)(2n)!

sec2 ax dx

S
S

x cot ax

135

- -

22nBn(ax)2n--1

ax

+1

(2n+l)!

-~-!$%-i!?%..,-

dx

cotn ax dx

2w3n(ux)~~

ax

a2

dx

p+

ax
ax

x cot2ax

-iIncot

1 In sin ax
a

-cotnflax
(n + 1)~

--a Incas

zcotaxdx

cots ax
2a

cotn ax csc2 ax dx

sdx

81

i In sin ax

cotzaxdx

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S

INTEGRALS

(ax)2 + (ax)4 + 5(ax)6


8
- 144
W2
lnx+T+-gg-f-

5(ax)4

E tan ax + 5 In cos ax

E,(ax)2n +2

Gl(ax)s
4320

**.

+ (2n+2)(2n)!

. . . + E,(ax)2
2n(2n)!

**

INDEFINITE

82

14.459
14.460

dx

S
s

dz
P
Q s p + q cos ax

=x ---

q + p set ax

se@ ax dx

INTEGRALS

secne2 ax tan ax
n-2
+n-1
a(n - 1)

se@--2 ax dx

;
1NTEQRALS

14.461

14.462

14.463
14.464

14.465

csc ax dx

csc2ax

csc3

s
s

14.466

k In (csc ax -

--

ax dx

- csc CL5
2a

csc

cot

+ z

UX

In tan T

_ cscn ax
na

,jx

ax

.l

14.467

c&x

-- cos ax

ar

$ In tan 7

CSC ax cot ax dx

- x

ax

dx
csc r&x

cot ax)

cm az

cot

dx

INVOLVING

k$

!k$

. . .

2(22n-

S
S csc2
S
?%!!?

dx

1)B,(ax)2n+

. . .

(2n + 1) !

_ &

+ $? + !&I?$

... +

222;;n-m1$$;2-

...

14.460

14.469

14.470

ax dx

- ~x

E-I?

dx

q + p csc ax

CSC ax dx

sin-1

14.473

14.474

Ed%

sin-l

(x/a)

z &
a
dx

=
=

[See 14.3601

n-2
n-1

csc-2

ax dx

IRZVRREiZ TR100NQMETRfC

x3

j- sin-l
z+-

z +
a

X&Z?
4

(x2 + 2a2) &K2

z +

(x/aj3

- sin-1

(x/u)
X

1 * 3(x/a)5
2.4.5.5

1 3 5(x/a)7
+ 2*4*6*7*7
l

a-kdG2

$l

2x + 2dm

14.476

fl&CtlONS

ZZ + dm

2*3*3
dx

+-

sin-l

14.475

dx
p + q sin ax

39 sin-1

In sin ax

5 sin-l

+ $

lNVotVlN@

xsin-lzdx

14.472

ax

CSC~-~ ax cot ax
a(n - 1)

INTEORALS

14.471

cot

sin-l

...

INDEFINITE

14.477

cos-1 :dx
a

.(

zc,,-l~&

x cos-1%

INTEGRALS

@?2

cos-ls

xr a

39 cos-l

14.479

:
a

,&

cos-1 (x/a)

14.480

cos-;;xln)

14.481

cos-1

fj

;lnx

dx

_ cos-1 (x/a)

tan-1Edx

14.484

x tan-1

14.486

14.487

Edx

x2 tan-1

z dx

tan-~(xiu)

dx

&(x2+

(x/a)
x

&i72

dx

[See 14.4741

a+~~~

+ iln

z ( cos-1 xa)2
xtan-1E

2a2)

-5

sin-1

(x2

dx

ds

2x -

cot-?dx

14.489

x cot-

a
zdx

2dz&os-'~

zIn(xzfa2)

a2) tan-1

(x/u)3
; _ 32

cot-* (x/u)

14.491

(x/a)

cot-1

14.492

x2

see-*z

x cot-l

52 cot- ; dz

x a

+ ~(xla)5

_ -(x/a)772

+ *.*

z + % In (x2 + a2)

4(x

a2) cot-1 E + 7

dx

g In x -

dx

tan-

(x/a)

dx

[See 14.4861

(x/a)

cot-'
X

dx

2 set-l

z -

a In (x + &?C3)

x set-*

z + a In (x + dm)

o<sec-*:<;
5 < set-*

2 see-lE - a 7x-a
14.494

>

14.488

14.493

i?3

83

x set-1

z dx

x2

see-* f +

x3
,secelz
s

x2 see-1:

ds

0 < set-1 z < i

14.495

2 < i7

=
X3
i

ysec-1

z +

t < set-*

2
ax&F2

6
ax&2G3
6

$In(x

-t $ln(x+da)

< T

+ dZ72)

0 < see-1
i

< set-11

< g
< T

INDEFINITE

84

14.496

set-l

(x/a)
X

.I

dx

;1nx

dx

+ ; + w3

_ see-l

14.497

set-l
s

(da)
X2

14.499

* csc-1

2 dx
a

x csc-1:

x2 csc-1

5 < set-1

dx

dx

(x/a)

xcsc-1:

-5

E +

a 7 x-a

22
y csc-l

% -

csc-l

X
;

csc-1

a -

E ,

(dx)3
2-3-3

-5

14.506

dx

(x/u)

- csc-1

5
a

z < 0

< ;

dx

-5

I 1 3(a/x)5
204-5.5

1 3 5(a/x)7
2*4*6*7-T
l

(x/u)

< csc-1;

...

0 < w-1 z < ;

; < csc-1:< 0
___

mt1

Stan-l:

xm cot-1 f dx

-$+eot-l~

+ -&.I'=""

set-l
mfl

&Jsdz

(x/u)

0 < s,1:

< 5

< set-l%

< T

0 < csc-1

E < ;

=
xm+l

see-1 (x/a)

+ -

a
m+l

mS1

xm+l csc-1(x/u)
m+l
dx

xm see-1 z dx

< 0

x dx
a

' x"'tzsc-1:

< ;

xm+l

14.508

< ,se-1;

(x/a)

xm tan-1

< T

< csc-1

0 < csc-1;

Xlnfl

I'

14.505

< i

0 < csc-1;

uln(x+~~)

X2
2 csc-1

sin--l

...

f dx

X2

xm

ax

_ csc-1
.s

1*3*5(a/2)7
2-4.6-7-7

0 < set-lz

&ikS

+ aIn(x+@=2)

14.502

+ &GFG

x csc -1:

CSC-~

1~3(cLlX)5

2-4-5-5

X3

s * w-1

x3
3

14.501

(x/u)

_ sec-lx(xiu)
1

14.498

INTEGRALS

xm+l

csc-1
mfl

a
m+1

(x/a)

~ xm dx

s d=

xm dx
@qr

-;<cse-$<O

< 0

INDEFINITE

14.509

14.510

14.511

14.512

eaz dx

xeaz dx

s
dx

Z2eaz

""
a

xneaz dx

$dx

=-

eaz
xn---+
a (

Inx

P + waz

dx
(p + qeaz)2

14.516

14.517

dx

I taxJ2
.

- P

14.519
S

14.520

. . . ~(-l)%!
an

14.522

&

1
+ WY

a&

$2

t ...

w
1

In (p + qeaZ)

2?em
Q
>

tan-l

eaz - jLjFp

In

eaz + &G&

e sin bx ds

eaz(a sin bx - b cos bx)


a2 + b2

eaz cos bx dx

eQz(a cos bx + b sin bx)


a2 + b2

xem sin bx &

xeaz(a si~2b~~2b

xeax cos bx dx

xeax(a cos bx + b sin bx)


a2 + b2

eaz In x dx

14.523
S

14.524
S

integer

In (p + qeaz)

elnx
--a

n = positive

3*3!

OS bx)

_ ea((a2

14.521

if

___
1 2&G

14.518

--ssdx
n-l

1
adiG

peaz + qe-a.%

I taxj3

Z-2!

;+

dx
n(n - 1)xn-2
a2

nxnel

(n - 1)x-

>

xn--leaz

a S

+ la;,
-

dx

a2

-eaz

14.515

Pea2
--a

14.514

%2-&+Z

Fdx

1
a>

X--

a (

14.513

85

e""

INTEGRALS

1
5
a S

- b2) sin bx - 2ab cos bx}


(a2 + b2)2

_ eaz((a2 - b2) cos bx + 2ab sin bx}


(a2 + b2)2

dx

eu sinn bx dx

e,2s~~2,~

eaz co@ bx dx

em COP--~ bx
(a cos bx + nb sin bx)
a2 + n2b2

in sin bx - nb cos bx)

n(n

- l)b2

a2 + n2b2 S
n(n - l)b2
a2 + n2b2

eu sin-2

em

bx dx

cosn--2 bx dx

86

INDEFINITE

INTEGRALS

HWEOiRA1S 1NVOLVfNO
14.525
14.526
14.527
14.528
14.529
14.530
14.531
14.532
14.533
14.534
14.535
14.536

14.538
14.539

S
S
S$Qx

xlnx

xlnxdx

xm lnx

dx

$1

nx-4)

--$ti

1
m+1

lnx
(

14.541
14.542

see 14.528.1

;lnzx

P
1+x dx
J

x ln2x

~Inn x dx

-lP+lx

dx

xln

lnnx

[If

In (lnx)

In x

+ 2x

n = -1

+ lnx

ln(lnx)

dx

xlnnx

+ $$

+ s

* .

m = -1

see 14.531.

S
S

Inn-1

x ln(x2+&)

In (x2 - ~2) dx

x In (x2 - u2) xm+l

sinh ax dx

x sinh ux dx

x2 sinh ax dx

+ (m+3!)~~x

x dx

In (x2 + ~2) dx

xm In (x2 f a9 dx

.*a

+ (m+2t)Iyx

n
xm+l Inn x -m+l
m+1

+
l

+ (m+l)lnx

xmlnnxdx

S
S
S

see 14.532.1

In (lnx)

xm dx

2x lnx

nfl

S
Sf&
S
S
S

In (x2*
m+l

INTEGRALS

14.540

[If m = -1

If

14.537

lnxdx

Inx

xm Inn-1

2x + 2a tan-1

&)

--

m+1

!NVOLVlNO

x cash ax -- sinh ax
U

u2

coshax

2x + a In

cash ax
a

x dx

$sinhax

Y$gz

sinh (cx

c-lx

+ a**

INDEFINITE

14.543

'14.544

14.545

14.546

14.547

14.548

14.549

14.550

sinLard

14.552

14.553

14.554

sinizax

i In tanh 7

xdx
sinh ax

1
az

ax

sinhz ax dx

sinh ax cash ax
2a

x sinha ax dx

,I'

dx
sinh2 ax

.(

cash 2ax
8a2

x2
4

px dx

sinh (a + p)x
%a+p)

p)x
aa - P)

sinh (a -

' sinh ax sin px dx

a cash ax sin px -

' sinh ax cos px dx

a cash ax cos px +

p sinh ax sin pz
a2 + p2

ax+p--m
qeaz + p + dm

(p +

ad~2

dx

p +

q sinh ax

dx
-

sinh ax dx

dx

S sinhn ax
~ x dx

.I sinhn ax

xrn

cash
a

ux

--

m
a

+ -n-l

- cash ax
a(n - 1) sinhnP1

ax

- x cash ax
a(n - 1) sinhn--l

ax -

dx

p + dm

tanh ax

p - dm

tanh ax

xm--l

sinhn--l ax coshax _ -n-1


n
an
- sinh ax
(n _ l)xn-

sinh ax
Xn

2apGP
=

In

q2 sinh2 ax

xm sinh ax dx

a(p2 +

dx

q2 sinh2 ax

p2 +

>

- q cash ax
+
q2)(p + q sinh ax)
P2 + 92

dx

q sinh ax)2

p sinh ax cos px

c&2+ p2

dx

p + q sinhax

a = *p see 14.547.

14.558

-~--

--

-- coth ax

sinh ax sinh

.I'

x sinh 2ax
4a

[See 14.5651

=Fdx

87

,. . . .

I a

dx
sinh ax

I p
S

14.561

14.556

14.560

dx

14.559

I jJ$:
/ 05
* .
5*5!

14.555

14.557

ax

For

14.551

INTEGRALS

cash ax dx

sinhnP2

cash ax

S QFr
-- n-2
92-l

[See 14.5851

ax dx

[See 14.5871

dx
dx

S sinh*--2

as(n - l)(n

ax

1
- 2) sinhnP2

ax

-- n-2
n-l

~- x dx

S sinhnP2 ax

88

INDEFINITE

INTEGRALS

INTEGRALS

14.562

cash ax dx

14.563
14.564

cash
-& ax

14.565

x sinh ax -- cash ax
a
a2

- 22 cash ax
a2

dx

- dx
cash ax

14.570
14.571
14.572
14.573
14.574

14.575
14.576
14.577

14.580

14.581

xcosh2axdz

dx

cosh2 ax

4+

P)

%a + P)

a sinh ax sin px - p cash ux cos px


a2 + p2

cash ax cos px dx

a sinh ax cos px + p cash ax sin px


a2 + p2

dx

dx
cash ax - 1

cash ax + 1

$tanhy

-+cothy

!? tanh
a

xdx

x dx

cash ax - 1

--$coth

dx

(cash ax + 1)2
dx

(cash ax - 1)2

-$lncosh
+ -$lnsinh
-

&tanh3y

& coth 7

&

coths y

tan-
ln

s
war + p - fi2

( qP

&tanhy

p + q cash ax

dx
(p + q cash ax)2

S dx =

14.582

sinh (a - p)z + sinh (a + p)x

cash ax sin px dx

cash ax + 1

. . . + (-UnE,@42n+2
(2%+2)(272)!

~tanh ax
a

2(a -

5(ax)6 +
144

x sinh 2ax
cash 2ax
4a
-8a2

X2

(ad4
8

sinh ax cash ux
2a

;+

cash ax cash px dx

[See 14.5431

14.570
14.579

cosh2 ax dx

. . .

=
-

14.569

; a

(axP
6*6!

4*4!

cash ax

14.567

lnz+$!!@+@+-

cos&ax

14.566

x2 cash ax dz

cash ax

sinh ax

x cash ax dx

INVOLVING

+ p + @GF

q sinh ax
-a(q2 - p2)(p + q cash as)

P
42 -

P2

dx
p + q coshas

***

INDEFINITE

In

14.583

p2 -

dx
q2 cosh2 ax

INTEGRALS

p tanh ax + dKz
p tanh ax -

2apllF3

89

14.584

dx

p tanh ax + dn

In

p tanh ax - dni

2wdFW

s p2 + q2 cosh2 ax

tan

--1 p tanhax

dF2

14.585
14.586

xm cash ax dx

coshn ax dx

coshnax

14.587

dx

coshn--l

=
=

ax sinh ax

14.591
14.592
14.593

s
s
s

14.594
s
14.595

ax +

(n-

sinh2 ax
~
2a

sinh px cash qx dx

cash (p + q)x
2(P + 9)

sinhn ax cash ax dx

sinhn + 1 ax
(n + 1)a

coshn ax sinh ax dx

coshn+ l ax
(n + 1)a
sinh 4ax
~
32a

dx
sinh2 ax cash ax

14.597

______ dx
sinh ax cosh2 ax

zz -sech a2 + klntanhy

14.600

14.601

dx

sinh

;s,hh2;;

dx

cash ax + ilntanhy
a

dx
cash ax (1 + sinh ax)

[See 14.5591

i tan-1

ax

- 2,a2 coshn--2

ax

cash (p - q)x

[If

n = -1,

see 14.615.1

[If

n = -1,

see 14.604.1

ax _

- 2 coth 2ax
a

,jx

n-2
-n-l

sinh ax AND c&t USG

ax dx

-- x
8

coshn--2

ax

_ t tan - 1 sinh

[See 14.5571

2(P - 9)

14.596

14.599

1 In tanh
a

dx
sinh ax cash ax

dx
sinh2 ax cosh2 ax

l)(n

INVOLVCNG

14.598

dx
coshnPz

sinh ax cash ax dx

n-1
n
?$!?

x sinh ax
a(n - 1) coshn--l

sinh ax dx

ax

sinh2 ax cosh2 ax dx

f-

xn--l

a
n-1

sinh ax
a(n - 1) coshn--l

INTEGRALS

,('

_ m
a s

an

-cash
ax
(n - l)xn-1

14.590

l.h=7

xm sinh ax
a

>

sinh ax

csch ax
a

~- xdx
coshn--l:

ax

.:,".'

INDEFINITE

90
14.602
14.603

S
S

dX

sinh ux (cash ax + 1)
dX

sinh ax (cash

14.604

14.605

14.606

14.607

14.608

14.609

14.610

14.611

14.612

14.613

14.614

14.615

14.616

14.617

14.618

14.619

14.620

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S

tanhax

dx

tanhs ax dx

ax

tanhn + 1
(72 + 1)a

1
2

X2

(ax)3

- 2

bxJ5
+

-2k47
105

15

ax _ k!$

dx

+ ?k$

tanhn ax dx

cothax

dx

- PX

P2 -

dP2 - q2)

- tanhn--l ax +
a(?2 - 1)

x -

coths ax dx

i In sinh ax -

cothn ax csch2 ax dx

- dx
coth ax

dx

-coth2 ax
2a

cothn + 1 ax
(n + 1)a

- i In coth ax

$ In cash ax

...

...

(-l)n--122n(22n
- l)B,(ax)2n+
(2n + 1) !

(-l)n--122n(22n
- l)B,(ax)2n-
(2% - 1)(2?2) !

In (q sinh ax + p cash as)

tanhnw2 ax dx

coth ax
a

coth2 ax dx

42

i In sinh ax

x tanh ax + -$ In cash ax
a

S
S

1
2a(cosh ux - 1)

tanh2 ax
7

k In cash ax -

p+qtanhax

S
S
S

, In sinh ax

xtanhzaxdx

-&lntanhy

ilntanhax

xtanhaxdx

tanh ax dx
___

1
2a(cosh ux + 1)

tanhax
a

tanhn ax sech2 ax dx

i In cash ax

tanhe ax dx

~ dx
tanh ax

klntanh

- 1)

ux

edx

INTEGRALS

-t . . .

...
>

INDEFINITE

14.621

14.622

14.623

x coth ax dx

1
i-2

x coth2 ax dx
cothaxdx

ax

x2 -

x coth ax
+ +2 In sinh ax
a
b-d3
135

-$+7-v

14.624
14.625

14.626

14.627

14.628
14.629

14.630

14.631

14.632
14.633

14.634

14.635

14.636

14.637

14.638
14.639

S
S

dx

p+

qcothax

cothn ax dx

S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Sq + p
S

- PX

sech ax dx

cothn--l ax
+
a(n - 1)

i tan-l

. . . (-l)n22nBn(ux)2n--1
(2n- 1)(2n)!

9
In
a(P2 - q2)

P2 - !I2

cothn-2

tanh ax
___
a

sech3 ax dx

sech ax tanh ux
+ &tan-lsinhax
2a

xsechaxdx

na

+ 5(ax)s +
144

x sech2 ux da

x tanh ax
a

sechn ax dx

-2
9

Gus
4320

dx

i In tanh y
coth ux
a

csch2 ax dx

- -

csch3 ax dx

- csch ax coth ax 2a
=

cschn ax
na

- -

. . (-lP~,kP
2n(2?2)!

[See 14.5811

p+qcoshax

sechnP2 ax tanh ax + n-2


a(n - 1)
m-1

cschn ax coth ax dx

. . . (-1)n~&X)2+2
(2n + 2)(2n)!

...

$ In cash ux
5(ax)4

lnx--m++-- (ad2

dx
sechas

csch ax dx

- ~sechn ax

sinh ax
a

.A!-=
sech ax

S
S
S
S

ax dx

eaz

sechn ax tanh ax dx

+ ---

(p sinh ax + q cash ax)

sech2 ax dx

eh,-jx

91

INTEGRALS

$lntanhy

ssechnm2

ax dx

+
** *

INDEFINITE

92

14.640
14.641

14.642

14.643

S
S

ds=
csch ax

i cash ax

x csch ax dx

S
Sq + p
S

csch*xdx

1
2

x csch2 ax dx

=
=

14.644
14.645

14.646
14.647
14.648

dx
csch ax

cschnax

S
S
S

sinh-1

$+f

sinh-1

(x/a)

dx

14.650

14.651

14.652

14.653

14.654

sinh;~W*)

dx

S
S

E dx

; dx

S
S

14.656

14.657
14.658

cash;:

S
S
S
r

(u/x)2
2.2.2

--

- ln2 (-2x/a)
2
-

1 3 5(a/xY
2*4*6*6*6
l

1x1 < a

...

l-3 * 5(alx)6
2*4*6*6*6

x>a

...

*Jr&F2

:In

(x/a)

d=,

cash-1

(x/a)

> 0

i x cash-1

(x/a)

+ d=,

cash-1

(x/a)

< 0

&(2x2 - a2) cash-1

(x/a)

i a(222 - a2) cash-1

(x/a)

+ $xdm,

(x/a) > 0,
dx

E dx
a

=
=

x tanh-19

dx

x2 tanh-1

z dx
Il.

ix@??,

4x3

cash-1 (x/a)

$x3

cash-1

+ Q(x2 + 2a2) dm,

C
f

ln2(2x/a)

if cash-1

_ cash-1

(x/a)
X

tanh-1

...

cash-1

(x/a)

> 0

cash-1

(x/a)

< 0

3(x2 + 2~2) dm,

cash-1 (x/a)

> 0

cash-1

< 0

dx

(da)

1*3(a/x)4
2*4*4*4

+ 1. 3(a/x)4
2.4.4.4

+ __
(a/~)~
2.2.2

(x/a)

1.3
5(x/a)
2*4*6*7*7

x cash-1

cosh-;W*)

x2 cash-1 E dx

+ if cash-1
14.655

+ 1 3(x/a)5
2.4~505

(xlaJ3

2.3.3

_ sinh-1

&FT2

x cash-

cschn--2 ax dx

x m x 4 +a

cash-1

(2a2 - x2)

z +

ln2 (2x/a)
2

...

[See 14.5531

g sinh-1

dm~
sinh-1;

f dx

dX

p + q sinhax

xsinh-1:
=

cschnm2 ax coth ax -- n-2


a(n - 1)
n-l

z dx

x2 sinh-1

E-P
Q

g dx
a

x sinh-1

x coth ax
+ -$ In sinh ax
a
- 1)B,(ax)2n-1
v*x)3 + . . . (-l)n2(22n-1
e&-y+1080
(272 - 1)(2n) !
-

dx

ax

X
--a

14.649

INTEGRALS

x tanh-1
=
=

7
F

(x/a)

+(a/5)2
+

1. 3(a/x)4
2-4-4-4

292.2

+ 1.3 * 5(a/x)6
2*4*6*6*6

...

(x/a) < 0
r

1 ln
a + v
a
X
(

z + % In (a2 - x2)

+ # x2 - ~2) tanh-1:
+ $tanh-1:

(x/a)

+ $ln(a2-x2)

[- if cash-1 (x/a) > 0,


+ if coshk1 (x/a) < 0]

x < -a

INDEFINITE

tanh-1

14.659

14.660
14.661
14.662
14.663

14.664

14.665

S
S
S
S
S
S

tanhi:

14.669
14.670

+@$+&f$+...
a

(z/u)

dx

_ tanh-1

!! dx
a

x coth-

'Oth-i

(x/u)

(xia)

' sech-'2

x sech-1

+ +(x2 - ~2) coth-

dx

+ fcoth-1:

dx

dx

_ coth-1

dx

J? dx

(x/a)

(x/u)

+ a sin-l

(x/u),

sech-1

(x/u)

> 0

r x sech-1

(z/u)

(x/u),

sech-1

(x/u)

< 0

dx

(x/u)

+a~~,

sech-1

(x/u)

> 0

+x2 sech-1

(x/u)

+ +ada,

sech-1

(x/u)

< 0

-4

14.674
14.675

4 In (a/x)

S
S

csch-1

dz

x csch-1

x ds
a

x csch-

csch-;

(x/u) dx

xm sinh-15

xm cash-

S
S

x coth-

dx

14.677

xm sech-1

1 * 3Wu)4

...

2.4.4.4

sech--1

(s/u)

z+--

xm csch-

: dx
a

> 0

if x > 0, -

if x < 0]

[+

if z > 0, -

if

1. 3(d44

sech-1

(x/u)

x < 0]
...

O<x<a

2-4.4-4

...

1x1 > a

cash-

E -

cash-

--&s$=+

xmfl

coth-

?
U

dx

mt1

E -

-J?m+l

+ am

xm+1

m+lswh-s

cash-1

(x/a)

> 0

cash-1

(x/u)

< 10

S x2
SCL2- x2
S
Zm+l

dx

u2 -

Zm+l

+ 1

xm dx
~~

dx

seckl

(da)

> 0

sech-1

(s/a)

< 0

xm+l

m+l

csch-1:

c
a

< 0

- $T$$
+ ' '3(x/u)4
-.... -u<x<O

tanh-1

mS-l

f. .,

@+l

i
: dx

[+

1. 3W45

3(xu)4

2.4.5.5

Xmfl

m-tl

5 dx

2.4.4.4

2.404.4

(a/xl3

nz+lSinh-lE

+ +@$.$
. .

ln (-x/4u)

2.3.3

In (4alx)

+ In (-x/a)

dx

a&FTS

s
s dx

xm tanh-15

+ -$$$
. .

z k a sinh-1

x2 csch-z

In (4ulx)

~sp&l%
14.676

- a.

In (4ulx)

In (u/x)

14.673

a sin-1

&x2 sech-1

--

14.672

+ $In(xZ--2)

(x/a)

4 In (x/u)

14.671

x sech-1

sech-1

+ tIn(xz-u2)

coth;~(xlu)

xcoth-lx

x2 coth-1:

dx

.(

14.668

dx

93

coth-

14.666

14.667

(z/a)
x

INTEGRALS

[+

if

x > 0, -

if x < 0]

15

DEFINITE

DEFINITION

OF A DEFINITE

INTEGRAL

a)/n.

Let f(x)
(b -

INTEGRALS

the interval
into n equal parts
be defined in an interval
a 5 x 5 b. Divide
Then the definite integral
of f(x) between
z = a and x = b is defined as

of length

Ax

15.1

f(x)dx

s a

The limit
If

will
f(x)

certainly

if f(x)

f(x)dx

dx

lim

dx

S
S
S
S
f(x)

b-tm

dx

b-m

continuous.
theorem

g(x)

calculus

the above

definite

integral

c/(b)

in the interval,
the definite
limiting
procedures.
For

integral
example,

s(a)

dx

f(x)

dx

dx

lim
t-0

f(x)

dx

lim

f(x)

dx

if b is a singular

point

if a is a singular

point

f(x)

c-0

dx

a+E

F6RMULAS

INVOLVING

DEFINITE

INTEGRALS

{f(x)g(s)*h(s)*...}dx

f(x)

dx *

b g(x) dx *
s a

Sb h(x) dx
a

* **

cf(x)dx

where

f (4 dx

c is any constant

cl

15.9

of the integral

GENERAL

15.8

f(a + (n - 1) Ax) Ax}

b--c

f(x)

S
S
Sa
S
Sb
Sb

. . . +

iim
n-r--m

15.7

Cc f(x)
-m

15.6

Ax

or if f(x) has a singularity


at some point
and can be defined by using appropriate

15.5

+ 2Ax)

m f(x)

15.4

f(a

b d
-g(x)
(I dx

If the interval
is infinite
is called an improper
integral

S
S
S
S

is piecewise

the result

15.3

Ax + f(a + Ax) Ax

then by the fundamental

by using

15.2

{f(u)

exist

= &g(s),

can be evaluated

lim

n-m

f(x)

dz

15.10

f(x)dx

15.11

a f(x)dx

f(x)dx

15.12

f(z)dx

SC f(x)
a

dx + jb

(b - 4 f(c)

f(x)

dx

c
where

c is between

a and b

This
aSxSb.

is called

the mearL vulzce theorem

for

94

definite

integrals

and is valid

if f(x)

is continuous

in

DEFINITE

b
s

15.13

f(x) 0)

dx

This is a generalization
g(x) 2 0.

of 15.12 and is valid

LEIBNITZS

RULE FOR DIFFERENTIATION

a and b

* a

dlz(a)

15.14

95

where c is between

f(c) fb g(x) dx

and

INTEGRALS

if j(x)

and g(x)

are continuous

in

a 5 x Z b

OF lNTEGRAlS

m,(a) aF

F(x,a)

dx

xdx

F($2,~)

F(+,,aY)

m,(a)

6,(a)

APPROXIMATE

FORMULAS

FOR DEFINITE

INTEGRALS

In the following
the interval
from x = a to x = b is subdivided
into n equal parts by the points
a = ~0,
. . ., yn = j(x,),
h = (b - a)/%.
Xl, 22, . . ., X,-l, x, = b and we let y. = f(xo), y1 = f(z,), yz = j(@,
Rectangular

formula
b

S(I f (xl dx

15.15
Trapezoidal

h(Y, + Yl +

i=

$(Y,

Yz

+ ..*+

Yn-1)

formula
b

15.16

j(x)

dx

+ 2yi

ZY,

...

%,-l-t

Y?J

Simpsons

15.17

formula

(or

I a

f(z)

dz

DEFINITE

15.18

15.19

15.21

INTEGRALS

xp-ldx

1+x

for

--?i

sin p7r

RATiONAl

+ 4Yn-l f

Yn)

OR IRRATIONAL

O<p<l

,an+l-n

n sin [(m + 1),/n]

cos p + x2

sin

o<m+1<n

mi7

77

xm dx

1 + 2x

n even

INVOLVING

xmdx

~ + an
xn

formula)

; (y. + 4y, + 2Y, + 4Y, + . . . + 2Y,-2

dx
x2 + a2
Som---z-g
y;
S~ =
S
S
0

15.20

parabolic

sin m/3
sin /3

15.22

15.23

15.24

a ,,mdX
s

?$

a xm(an - xn)p dx

am+*+n~l?[(m+l)ln]~(p+l)
=

nl[(m

+ 1)/n

+ p + l]

(-l)r--17ram+1-nrr[(m
15.25

n sin \(m + l)nln](r-

l)! l[(m

+ 1)/n]
+ 1)/n - T + l]

o<m+1<nr

EXPRISS!ONS

DEFINITE

96

DEFINITE
All letters
15.26

15.27

IMfEGRdiLS~JNVdLVSNO

are considered

positive

mxcos nx

S TTsin

and m f n

i r/2

m, n integers

and m = n

m, n integers

and m # n

sin2 x dx
0

m, n integers

and m + n odd

m, n integers

and m + n even

1.3.5...2rn-l1
2-4-6..*

2m

??I2

a/2

sin2mx

dx

cos2x

dx

n/2

n/2

si$m+l

15.32

jr12

x dx

co++12

sin2P-1

"-dx

2 r(P

m sin p:;in

qx dx

<

15.37

15.38

S
0

15.39

0 < p < q

i iTI4

p = q > 0

i uql2
m sin2px
-

dx

X2

x2
m cos px -

cos qx dx

dx

5 q

p 2 q > 0
15.41

15.42

2
2
=

m sinmx
dx
s o X(x2+ a2)

15.43

49 2- P)

15.44

cosmx

0
277

:e-ma

ike-ma

15.45

s(l-e-ma)l

cos-1

dx

dx

a + b cos x
ii/2

a + b sin x

* ___
o x2 + u2 dx

m -dx
x sin mx

211

ln 9
P

15.40

S
0

m~o~p~-/sq~

0 <p

9
2
=

"l--osPxdx
s

p>q>o

d2

apl2

S
S

9)

15.36

p=o

m sin px cos qx dx

15.35

m=l,2,...

2*4*6..*2m
... 2m+l
1.3.5

)...

p > 0

-%-I2

15.34

m=1,2

UP) r(4)

x cos29--1z dx
xl2

dx

15.31

15.33

= ;

cot325 dx

15.30
s

a/2

and m =

2mf (m2 - 4)

II

mx cos nx dx

FUNCTIONS

indicated.

i 7~12 m, n integers

T/2
s

otherwise

m, n integers

15.29

TR10ONOMETRIC

dx

15.28

unless

ii sin mx sin nx dx

D cos

INTEGRALS

dx

a + b cosx

$2-3

(ala)

DEFINITE

15.46

2r;
S
S
S
S
o

(a + b sin x)2

257

15.47

15.48

dX

dx
l-2acosx+az

cos mx dx
l-2acosx+a2

Ial

ram
l-a2

> 1

a2 < 1,

m = 0, 1,2, . .

sin ax2 dx

S
naYn

cos ax2 dx

S
S
S
S
S
S

w sinaxn

m cos axn dx

---&

15.52

dx

2
II-

15.51

r(lln)

sin & ,

rfl/n)

cos

jc sin

15.54

m cos x
dx
6

dx=

-@/dx

15.55

-!?$i?dx

15.56

2Iyp)

Sk (pn/2)

2l3p)

c,, (pa/2)

m sin ax2 cos 2bx dx

O<p<l

O<p<l

15.57

m cos ax2 cos 2bx dx

15.58

* sin3 x

15.60

S
S
S
S

* -tanxdx

$f

T
z

VT/2

15.61

&y

x3

dx
1 + tarP

=T
4

?r/z

15.62

15.63

tan-'

sin-'x

dx

ll-cosxdx

15.66

s:

15.67

(h
5, tan-l

'+$A+...
_ 32

;ln2

15.65

15.64

x dx

cosx)'$

px - tan-lqx
X

m cos x
-dx

=
dx

y
=

n>l
n>l

2,

15.53

b)312

laj < 1

77 In (1 + l/a)

(az-

O<a<l

(57/a) In (1 + a)
=i

97

227-a

(a Jr b cos x)2
27r
1--

x sin x dx
iT
o 1 - 2a cos x + a2
Tr

15.49

27r

dX

INTEGRALS

e-axcosbx

15.69

15.70

a2 + b2

m e-az sin bx dx

b
~
a2 + b2

S
S
S
S
S

m e-az

sin

mC-az-

dx

tan-l

e-bz dx

In!!
a

15.72

bx

15.71

dx

15.73

m ecaz2 cos bx dx

15.74

b2/4a

e-(az2tbz+c)

dz

erfc - b

2fi

where
co

15.75

S
S

,-&tbztc)

ds

--m

cc

15.76

xne-azdx

Iyn + 1)

an+1

cc

Xme-azz dx

15.77

r[(m

s 0

15.78

S
S
S

m e-k&+b/z2)

+ 1)/2]

2a(mfl)/Z

dx

15.79

"-g+

;e2'6

d-

A+$+$+$+

***

15.80

xn-l
s

dx

L+&+$+
ln

l'(n)

. . .
>

For even n this can be summed


15.81

15.82

15.83

= -12

S-

m xdx

ez + 1

S
o

xn-l

dx

eZ+l

$+$-$+

r(n)

For some positive

integer

cdl:

$ -&+

co e-z2-e-*dx

15.86

&-

values

+coth;

&

of Bernoulli
..*

15.85

in terms

***

numbers

9
12

>

of n the series can be summed


-

&

[see pages 108-109 and 114-1151.

[see pages 108-109 and 114-1151.

DEFINITE

m e-az

15.87

15.88

m e-~x

@-bs

e-bz

dx

x csc px

m e-(lx;

OS

,jx

xm(ln x) dx

i -

cot-l

tan-l%

(--l)%!
(m + l)n+l

s 0

If

n#0,1,2,...

replace

S
o

l - lnx
1+x

dx

-$

&

-$

In (1 + x) dx

S
S
S
S
S

15.94

tan-1

ln(l-x)
x

(a2

dx

-?

m > -1,

1)

n = 0, 1,2, . . .

n! by r(n. + 1).

15.95

In

15.90

15.93

99

x set px

15.89

15.91

INTEGRALS

In x In (1 + x) dx

2-2ln2-12

In x In (l-x)

2 -

572

15.96

dx

15.97

- 772WC pn cot pa

O<p<l

dx

In s

-y

m
e-xlnxdx

-5(-y

dx

S
S

In sin x dx

RI2

lncosx

-l

(In cos x)2 dx

dx

In2

a/2

(ln sin x)2 dx

15.104

S
S
0

15.103

n/z

n/2

15.102

+ 2 ln2)

srxlnsin

x dx

-$ln2

7712

15.105

sin x In sin x dx

In 2 -

0
2a

15.106

S
0

2n

In (a + b sin x) dx

S
0

In(a+bcosz)dx

2rrIn(a+dn)

DEFINITE

100
7r
15.107

ln(a

+ b cosx)dx

U+@=G

T In

7i
15.108

INTEGRALS

2~ In a,

a 2 b > 0

2~ In b,

b 2 a > 0

In (a2 - 2ab cos x + b2) dx

.( 0

T/4

15.109

In (1 + tan x) dx

i In2

dx

+{(cos-~u)~

sin 2a

+ T+

(cos-1

sin 3a
32

b)2}

+ ...

See also 15.102.

DEFiNlTi

ti!tThRAl.S

1NVOLVlNG

m - sinaz
dx
sinh bx

$ tanh $

15.113

p -cos ax
dx
s o cash bx

&

15.114

15.112

-6

Sr(n+

NYPERBQLIC

FUNCTtC?NS

a7
sech%

15.115

m xndx
o sinh az

If n is an odd positive
m ___
sinh ax dx
ebz + 1
0

15.116

15.117

* sinh ux
ebz

dx

m ftux)

i ftbx)

1)
integer,

csc $

&

the series can be summed

[see page 1081.

2a

cot %

15.118

&

{f(O) - f(m)}

ln i

This
15.119

is called
dx

Ia

(u+x)m-l(a--x)-l&

15.120

Frullunis

--a

It holds

integral.

22

(2a)m+n-1;;'f;;

if f(x)

is continuous

and

- f(x) - f(m) dx converges.


1