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ENGLISH IV

Jeronimo M. Ascue

Mrs. Visorde

IV-St. Dominic
I.

Philippine Mass Media during Martial Law


A. Mass Media policies/Presidential decrees

AUTHOR
MASLOG

TITLE
PHILIPPINE MASS

PAGE
P. 24

YEAR
1990

COMMUNICATION ( A
GUTIERREZ

MINI HISTORY )
INTERVIEW REPORT

MAIN POINT
Mass media was only given
to private sectors.

2010

Martial law used the shock


and awe method to silence
media and to prevent it from

MASLOG

PHILIPPINE MASS

P. 37-

COMMUNICATION ( A

38

MINI HISTORY )

1990

fulfilling its purpose.


PD 33 Penalize those who
print materials that criticize
the government
PD 90 Penalizing of rumormongering
PD 137-escalating penalties
for rebellion at subversive
journalism
PDS 1834 & 1835
PD 1877 Incarceration of
the unlawful for a year

B. Censorship, suppression, and abuses


ABLES

MASS

P. 34

2003

Media was run by the

COMMUNICATION

government through NMPC

AND PHILIPPINE

(National Media Production

PINEDA-

SOCIETY
THE PRESS UNDER

Center)
DPI (Department of Public

OFRENEO

MARTIAL LAW (1986)

Information) had to clear out

THE FILIPINO PRESS

printed materials before

AND MEDIA:

released to the public

P. 124

2001

DEMOCRACY AND
DEL

DEVELOPMENT
PHILIPPINE MASS

P. 15-

DPI issued two orders: all

MUNDO JR

MEDIA: A BOOK OF

16

media publications were to

READINGS

be cleared first by DPI and


media shall only publish
objective news reports about
the government; prohibits
printers from producing any
form of publication for mass
dissemination without

Ma. Nieva

THE MEDIA UNDER

P. 119

2001

permission from DPI


Cases
of
abuse
and

MARCOS (1983) THE

molestation

FILIPINO PRESS AND

journalists,

against
specifically

MEDIA: DEMOCRACY

women, further proved that

AND DEVELOPMENT

human rights were set aside


to fulfill governments wants
and concerns.
The government established
control over media through
its publishers. The biggest
contributing factor to the shut
down of objective and real
reporting was their fear of
government retaliation.

II.

Philippine Mass Media during the decline of Martial Law


A. Significant events that led to People Power

MASLOG

PHILIPPINE

P.

MASS

44-

1990

Alternative press such as We Forum


and Malaya rose to counteract the

COMMUNICATI

45

government-controlled press.

ON ( A MINI
HISTORY )
MASS

ABLES

P. 35

2003

COMMUNICATI

Xerox journalism made alternative


press stronger and wider

ON AND
PHILIPPINE
SOCIETY

NET

(http://philippin

SOURCE

es-

Ninoy Aquino

went

back

to

the

Philippines to try to oust the Marcos

archipelago.co

Government.

m/history/marc

Snap election was declared a fraud for

os_regime.html)

irregularities.

.
NET

(http://www.mor

SOURCE

eorless.au.com/

Marcos, he decided to hold a snap

killers/marcos.h

election to show to everyone that

tml).

To restore the withering credibility of

people still trusted him.

B. Medias role in overthrowing the government


ROSARIO-

A PEOPLE

BRAID

POWER MEDIA

1988

Media was present and was


responsible for the spark that led to the

COALITION

People Power revolution. From the

THE FILIPINO

eye-openers they have presented,

PRESS AND

Mass Media has also been present up

MEDIA:

to the time Minister Enrile declared his

DEMOCRACY

change of heart regarding Marcos at

AND

Camp Aguinaldo.

DEVELOPMEN
T
NET

http://philippine

Corazon Aquino gathered her

SOURCE

s-

supporters in a rally in Rizal Park.

archipelago.co

Despite threats, everyone still came

m/history/marco

and pushed through with the protest.

s_regime.html
MASLOG

PHILIPPINE

P. 48-

MASS MEDIA:

49

1990

No matter how anybody tries to hide


the truth from the masses, it would find

A MINI

a way to leak and reach the people.

HISTORY

Truth always prevails.

III.

Philippine Mass Media after Martial Law


a. Rise of contemporary Philippine Mass Media

GUTIERREZ

INTERVIEW

2010

REPORT

Alternative press died a natural


death. Some of the publications of
the same batch as we forum and
Malaya transcended to the papers
that we now know, value, and
respect

ABLES

PHILIPPINE MASS

p. 36-

2003

Quotations from Jamias and

COMMUNICATION

37

Coronel further prove the current

AND SOCIETY

status of media after democracy


was restored.

DORONILLA

MEDIA AND THE

P. 202

1990

DEMOCRATIC

Political liberty was formed first


before economic development to

DEVELOPMENT

fix the damages left by the

IN ASIA: THE

dictators regime.

PHILIPPINE CASE
THE FILIPINO
PRESS AND
MEDIA:
DEMOCRACY
AND
DEVELOPMENT

b. Changes in Policies
DORONILA

MEDIA AND THE


DEMOCRATIC
DEVELOPMENT
IN ASIA: THE
PHILIPPINE CASE
THE FILIPINO
PRESS AND

P. 201

1990

Political liberty
was
established
before
economic
development

MEDIA:

Libertarianism

DEMOCRACY

was followed

AND

by media

DEVELOPMENT
ABLES

MASS
COMMUNICATION
AND PHILIPPINE
SOCIETY

P. 35-36

2003

The bill of
rights was
made clearer to
protect the
people and
media from any
form of
suppression or
censorship