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&

DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

I OIJl

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKI/UT^SO L7ffiA

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

In

ULTRASONIC TESTING
PROCEDU RE SPECIFICATION
Accordance With ISO 17640, and ISO 11666 As Acceptance Criteria

DOCUMENT NO: BKI/UT/ISO 17640

THIS AND ALL STANDARD PRACTICE INSTRUCTIONS IOPERATING

PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN THE


COMPANY QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ARE CONTROLLED BY THE QUAUTY ASSURANCE REPRESENTATIVE
AND MAY NOT BE AMENDED, REVISED OR IN ANY ALTERED WITHOUT HIS AUTHORITY.

The Signatures below indicate, Review and Authorization of all the numbered pages in this Operating
Procedures up to and including the date of Authorization. This Procedure is invalid withoui page 1.

PREPARED BY

REVIEWED BY

Position

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Signature

: 25 Nov 2015

Signature

tqr

APPROVED BY

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Position r(ISO xufits'

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Signature

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: ?FlJera$;l5

PT. BIRO KI.ASIFIKASI INDONESIA


ULTRASONIC

TEfiNG

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

2of31

DOC. NUMBER

REV

BKI/WISO L7&A

CONTENTS

SECTION

1.0
2.0

NO

TITLE
scoPE
REFERENCES

3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
B.O
9.0
1O.O

PERSONNEL

RESPONSIBILITY

EQUIPMENTAND MATERIALS
SURFACE CONDITION

CALIBRATION BLOCKS
ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS

REPORTING AND DOCUMENTATION


ATTACHMENT

ATTACHMENT A -Test Report


ATTACHMENT B - Testing Level
ATTACHMENT C - Sensitivity and Range Correction

ATIACHMENT D -Testing Volume


ATIACHMENT E - Co-Ordinate System for Defining the Location on Indications

ATTACHMENT F - Plotting DAC Curve & Calibration Reference Block


ATTACHMENT G -Accepbnce Level

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DATE

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25 NOV 2015

4of31

DOC. NUMBER
BKr/UT/rSO 17ffi0

REV
0

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

o
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N

ULTRASONIC TESTING

tt

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

07

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1.O

SCOPE

1.1

\J

This procedure details the methods to be used by PT. Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia's personnel for
The Ultrasonic examination of welds-+ads#neBeneatE-materials, in accordance with

\0

EN

ISo 17640 r,R M'$tnf

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s

REFERENCES DOCUMENT

2.1

EN ISO 1764A : Non

z.z

EN

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h

2.3

EN ISO 11666

2.4

EN

o{ *,o**

destructive testing of welds

t/

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To gm/n

d/

3.O

--|r6N DgstRrlcf tyE TESnrr 6F NADS:(Ultrasonic testing - Acceptance LevelS

ISO 9712 :Non Destructive Testing - Qualification and certification of personnel

PER.SONNEL
NDT personnel conducting ultrasonic testing shall be qualified and certified in accordance with PT.
Biro Klasifikasi Indonesia's Written Practice for NDE Personnel Qualification and Certification.

NI

Personnel engaged

3.2

in

Ultrasonic Testing and evaluation

of

results

acceptance shall be qualifled in accordance withdSO 9712 Level 2

for

final

a! so g+l2 Love-t ?'


a.o REsPoNsrBrLrrY
lhkcxsG
4.1 An Ultrasonic Operator I UTTechnician(fratt be responsible for pertorming ultrasonic examination
.-' ' - - .' l'fu
l!?ll - according to this procedure.
W
6N l9o ?1*- 0., 6#rrrrlevet 3 is responsibte for approvat this procedure.

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5.O

EQUIPMENTANDMATERIALS

5.1

Podable pulse echo 'A' scan (rectified) presentation units with test frequency range of 2.0 MHz to
5.0 MHz and shall be equipped with a stepped gain control in units of 0.5 dB or less will be used

the other ftequencies may be used if equal or better sensitivity can be demonstrated and
documented. Ultrasonic Flaw Detector Model USM-25DAC, USM-3SXDAC, Olympus or GE USM-GO,

or Equivalent

*t/+LL AryA

5.2 The probe nominal

^rm/

R.5p412sft,1ry

frequency shall be from

comply with the specified acceptance levels.

MHz

AF

EA/

/264A

to 5 MHz. Probes, and shall be selected to

5.2.1 Frequencies of approXmately


MHz may be used for testing at long sound paths where
the material shows above average attenuation

r/

5.3

r?D ED

otr
tl

Probe angle shall be clearly marked on the angle beam probe. The angle of angle beam probe

ru ilil:JJffiJfi :J:JJ:';ff ;:T#::

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The probe angle shall not deviate from the specified value by more or less than *^ 2".

5.5

":,':

Reference blockused for equipments calibration and sbndardization shall be one or more of the

se lNiNS Quqflq
tS2 tf|W
5.6
4*u<e l.s"q

following
q

Hn< PD. t. \fu*sW o1.r hJ l5O "LloO


(rrur rr: Qlnrrr\f .,tft1i&i*,6
nJ g/t) tS 0 H$3

5.5.1

These block Shall be of similar material as the test components and meet the requirement of the
governing code specification.

aR.

Ultrasonic testing-ef-rxe*de*joiats -7b-qrN?qq6ffi"rifrif{'?ou,ru*nic testins characterization of

PT. Biro Klasiflkasi Indonesia's Written Practice for NDE Personnel Qualification and Ce*ification
Procedure.

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indications in welds

wd 9l

DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

5of31

ULTRASONIC TESIING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDU RE SPECIFICATION

BKr/UT/rSO L7640

PT, BIRO KLASIFIKASI IFIDOT{ESIA

5.7

6.0

suRFAcE

coNDrrroil

/NP lNglecnoN riM tr

When the base material or weld surface interferes with the the examination,the base material or
weld shall be prepared as needed to permit the examination. .,r/

6.1
6.2

6.3

7.O

Couplants like grease, oil, wall paper paste (cellulose) and other water based couplant may be
use as coupling medium. Same eouplant shall be used in calibration and production testing. The
couplant, including additives, shall not be detrimental to the material being examined.
Couplant used on nickel base alloy shall not contain more than 250 ppm of sulphur.
Couplant used on austenitic stainless steel or titanium shall not contain more than 250 ppm of
halides (chlorides plus fluorides). .r/

The weld surface shall be prepared as needed to present a smooth contour, avoiding sharp
changes in section. Where such changes in seetion occur, it is possible that some difficulty in the
ultrasonic interpretation may occur. Such difficulties must be recorded on the report. y'
, l.,W
The parent material shall be free from weld spatter, surface irregularities or foreign *utfr tnrt
might interfere with the examination , giving a smooth contour for a distance of at leastp t x Tg
o on each side of the weld on each of the tesUng surfaces (where t is the thickne/s of the
material under test and o is the angle probe used). ,/

rrurr ffiTE* Mrn,. [4t'lM Ho LP'rtA fl*tH, f


BLOCKS
.
r"
7,L StandaftCalibrationBlmk
(a,Op f*BW z9 4 A) Logo_-i lu krfilv.nl4ilf)

6'4"";fr''ii"iud-v, *^iL bE ePe^o

CALTBTUTiON

The followinq standard calibration blocks shall be used :


C*$eVr+f?dN Bc*12 Svj.,
7.1.1 H+ltsi4}.*leck - For standard calibration of angle and straight beam probes.
Checking beam angle, emergent point and resolution. ^Calibration of time base and
Bu*A at)TH 3'o nn -379E: Dp4.tbD ftat
gain setting i -t lE qti&7+4r1d
ta'2-

c*Liu1nat'Bt*f

S'o

7.L.zr" f,4iniafla+e+tlcek - Small calibration block with 1y,8mm side drilled hole tarqet for
site checking of straight and angle beam probe, time base and gain.

7.1.3 A5 Block - Beam calibration block, beam profile and resolution check for angle
probes. Sensitivity checks for angle and straight beam probe.

7.2 Reference

Level Block

Technique 1 calibration reference level block or test block suitable for plotting a DAC curue shall
be used for either a sFaight or angle beam probe is either (a) in a form of a general purpose
block i.e. of uniform low attenuaUon material and machined to specified dimensional tolerance
and surface finished or (b) of the same acoustic propefties, surface finished and shape as the
component under examination. Where the parent material has an outside radius of less than
250mm, a curued test block having an outside radius within *, 25o/o of that of the parent
shall be used.

CfuL

7.2.2 If the

b.4,1

the parent material are neither parallel nor concenkic. then a test bloct of

type shall be

used.

7.2.3 The

size of the block and the number and spacing of the target holes shall be such that the full
testing range for the weld examination shall be covered by at least three approximately equally
spaced hole. The test block shall have a side drilled hole of 3mm diameter

7,3 Range and $ensitivity setting


7.3.1

tbbtl
// l5O

./EN

Settiyfu bf range and sensitivity shall be q6rried out prior to each examination in accordance
withllsO 17640 Technique I and EN 583-1. Check to confirm these settings shall be performed
at least evenrr 4 hours and on comoletion oJ the examination, k^tD TEMPfurueE Al FPRbilea

buUarA smtuZ; &D A<finAt*rud srl*Ll eA afirUril * tko,


7.3.2 Check shall also be canied out whenever a system parameter is changed or changes in the
equivalent settings are suspected.

7.3,3 If deviations are found

caniedout.y

r'

,frJ

during these check the correction give in Table z


C

of'tso
see

L764o.shall be

/
*rwiutttwr-

DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

6of3i

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKriuTlrso 17640

REV
0

PT. BIRO KI.ASIFIKASI INDONESIA

7.4 Preparation of Scanning Surfaces and Welds Examination


7.4.t Weld Surface - The weld surface may be in as welded condition providing that it
does not interfere with the examination. Where the weld surface interferes with the
examination, the weld shall be prepared as need to permit examination. Where-the
scanning suface for angle probe is insufficient, the weld cap shall be dressed flush
for an angle and straight beam probes examination. The weld surface shall be
visually accepted prior to any ultrasonic examinatlon at ambient temperature. /

7.4.2 Base Material surface - scannins tufi{d-5.ff#',fil:-9enougn to permit


the examination volume to fully covered{The scanning surface shall be even and
free from foreign matter likely to interfere with probe coupling e.g. weld spatter,
loose scale, grease, rust, paint, dift, notches and grooves. Waviness of the test
surface shall not result in a gap between the probe and the test surface greater

than 0.5mm.v,

7.4.3 Thickness Survey - The thickness of each member to be tested shall be determined
by using pulse echo contact method utilizing straight beam probe. Actual thickness

determined shall be recorded on UT report. Deviation in thickness and


misalignmentrof butting joints should be recorded by the operator to assist weld
evaluation.

ftrlnub- LW?--A SnrWW ryWW1D Wlvar Lcilaraqtl\L

7.4.4Weld Examination - The angleT6eam shall be directed at approximate right angles


to the weld axis from two dirt'ctions where possible, to the entire volume of weld
and adjacent base metal./.During angle probe scanning a slight swivelling
movement up to an angle of 10" on either side of the nominal beam direction may
be applied. The speed of probe movement shall not exceed 1S0mmlsec. Overlap,
for 100o/o examination the interval between two successive scan lines shall not be
greater than the -6 dB beam width at any depth within the examination volume.
The scanning shall be peformed at a gain setting at least two times the primary
reference level. Evaluation shall be based on Primary reference level. /
7.5 Transfer Correction
/ lro lLg ll
7.5.1 When separate btocks are used for establisning reter/ce levels a measurement
shall be made of the transfer differences, betweey' test object and block, at
representative number of location as describe in ENt83.2 c|.6.5 .If the differences
are less than 2 dB, correction is not required. If the differences are greater than 2
dB but smaller than 12 dB, they shall be compensated for. If transfer losses exceed
12 dB, the reason shall be considered and further preparation of the scanning
surfaces shall be carried

out.

"/

7.5.2 Where ultrasonic testing is to be performed on steel produceci by controlled rolling


or Thermo mechanical treatment, reference blocks shall be produced perpendicular
to, and parallel to, the direction of rolling. fhe rolling direction shall be clearly
identified /
v
7.6 Signal to Noise Ratio
7.6.1 During examination of the weld the noise level excluding spurious surface
indications shall remain at least L2 dB below the evaluation level. ,/
7.7 Location of Indication
t 3'@ 7/6uRE Z
7.7.7 The loca/6n oT all indicationt shall be definsd by reference to a co-ordinate
system/A point on the examination surfacd$f'rtt be selected ds the origin for
these measurements.

7.7.2 Where examination is carried out from more than one surface, reference points
shall be established on each surface. Care shall be taken to establish a
positional relationship between all references points used, so that the absolute
location of all indications can be established from any nominated reference point.

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PAGE

25 NOV 2016

7of31

3&

DOC. NUMBER

REV

u'd

Brfi/uT/rso 1764a

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA


ULTRASONIC TESTING
PROCEDU RE SPECIFICATION

1\

DATE

$$

7.7.3 In the case of circumferential welds this may require the establishment of
inner and outer reference points prior to assembly for welding. p/

7.a

Evaluation of

7.8.L All relevant

rndication

indications above the evaluation level shall be

a) Maximum Echo Amplitude

( F
the BRq
S\ S
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assessed.

The echo amplitude shall be maximized by probe movement


and recorded in relation to the reference level.

f,ftndication

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y'

The length of the indication either longitudinal or transverse

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direction \

'ffirWTWH

c) IndicaUon Height - Indication height measurement shall be determined by 20 dB drop


technique. tilD 6",/9/ r* a-+e*,rco 6ur tt Pe-auneD
ef</p*4a26^-/

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to the exrent that thev can

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ACCEPTANCE

STANDARDS

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Acceptance Level of the welded 3oint6nall comply with the reguirements of ISO 11666
Level 3 (See Attalne"r-Q)
fttE- La^)qrab7^/TL fl<tu<Lq4r /.r@t&rzent

f*

REPORT AND DOCUMENTATION

9.1

kaw
tuutcfiro$q

Re-inspection shall be carried out on the repair


side, after repair weld completion

be

z.g characterizationofor rmPerrecrl.,n


imperfection
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/EnJ
/ii.s.t)rne oasic geometrical discontinuity shapes which can be iderytified by uttrasonic

9.O

Wa<-@

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Non-Rejectable Indications

Non-rejectable indications shall be recorded as specified by the referencing Code Section.

9'2

Rejectable

Indications

Rejectable indications shall be recorded. As a minimum, type of indication


fusienrslagftc.), location and extent (i.e., length) shall be recorded.

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10.1 A-TestRepoft
10.2 B-TestingLevel
10.3 C - Sensitivity and Range Correction
10.4 D-TestingVolume
10.5 E - Co-Ordinate System for Defining the Location on Indications
10.6 F - Plotting DAC Curve & Calibration Reference Block

rc,7

G-AcceptanceLevel

10"8

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PT. BIRO KLASIEIKASI IIIDONESIA

&

ULTRASONIC TESTING
PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

8of31

DOC, NUMBER
BKIIUTIISO L7ffiA

REV

A- TEST REPORT
PT, BIR0 KtASIf IKASI Il{D0l[E SIA (Persero)
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DATE

PAGE

2s NOV 2016

10 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKr/UTflSO 1764A

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

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DATE
25 NOV 2016

12 of 31

DOC. NUMBER

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BKI/UT/ISO L7ffiO

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDCI]IIESIA


ULTRASONIC TESTING
PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

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25 NOV 2016

14 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDU RE SPECIFICATION

BKI/UT/ISO 17640

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

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DATE

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2s NOV 2016

16 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKI/UT/ISO 1754A

REV
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PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

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DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

18 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

REV

BKr/UTlrso 1764A

PT. BIRO KTASIFIKASI INDONESIA

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25 NOV 20i6

i9 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKrluT/rso 1764A

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

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2s NOV 2016

26 of 31

DOC. NUMBER
BKI/UT/ISO L764A

REV

Prr. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDOI'IESIA


ULTRASONIC TESTING
PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

[alibration reference hloek requirements


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DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2015

28 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKr/UTfiSO 1764A

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDOT{ESIA

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DATE

PAGE

25 NOV 2016

29 of 31

DOC, NUMBER

REV

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

fable A,1

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DATE
25 NOV 2016

30 of 31

ULTRASONIC TESTING

DOC. NUMBER

REV

PROCEDURE SPECIFICATION

BKr/UTISO LTUO

PT. BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

&
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