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Casing

g Drilling
g
Overview Presentation

Agenda

Casing Drilling Defined


CD Levels
Surface Equipment
Level 1
L l2
Level
XCD3 Bit
L l3
Level
Accessories

Casing Drilling Defined

A rotary drilling process:


That cases the well as it is drilled.
Where the casing replaces the drill pipe.
pipe
Where the casing provides hydraulic energy and mechanical force to
the cuttingg structure.
Simply put in conventional drilling you would drill the hole with a bit and
drill pipe, trip it out, and then case the hole. In Casing Drilling the hole
i already
is
l d casedd once TD is
i reached.
h d

Casing Drilling
Level Categorization

Casing Drilling
Surface Equipment
Top Drive

CDS

Level 1

The hole has already been drilled.


drilled
CDS and an optional reaming shoe are used to run casing
with rotational and circulating capabilities
Level 1.3- This is often used when the client is having
difficulties getting the casing back to bottom.
bottom They will use
Level 3 retrievable system to direct casing through the well.

Level 2
Non-retrievable
Non retrievable System
Incorporates either drillable bit or bit crossover
Drillable Bit ((XCD3),
), once casingg ppoint is reached,, the casingg is
cemented into place. Another bit is then used to drill through the
drillable bit and continues on to the next casing point.
Bit crossover allows to reach casing point and drop ball to shear
x-over and allow bit to fall into rat hole. The casing is then
cemented into place. Limited to final casing point.
Directional tools and MWD tools cannot be used.
used
Every foot drilled is kept.

XCD3 Drillable Bit

XCD3 Sizes

CasingSize

BitSize

Blades

CasingSize

BitSize

Blades

inch
mm

7
178

81/2
216

133/8
340

16
406

inch
mm

95/8
244

115/8
295

133/8
340

171/2
445

346

inch
mm

995/8
5/8
244

121/4
12
1/4
311

45

185/8
18
5/8
473

23
584

inch
mm

103/4
273

131/2
343

20
508

23
584

inch
mm

123/4
324

151/2
394

20
508

24
610

Level 3
Retrievable
Specially designed BHA that can be tripped and set at will
without tripping the casing. As in Level 2 every foot that is
drilled is kept.
BHA can be tripped with drill pipe or wire line.
Incorporates all directional and MWD tools.
tools
A pilot bit cuts a hole roughly 85% of required diameter.
Underreamer is then used to open up the hole to desired OD.
OD

Level 3 BHA

Underreamer

Opens and closes hydraulically


Opens to ~50% ID of Casing
3 arms with PDC Cutters

Accessories
Casing Drilling Connections

MLT Rings

Centralizers
Provide stand-off from the borehole for
improved cementation
Crimp on installation allows for harsh
dynamic down hole loads without crushing
and tungsten carbide blades withstand
abrasiveness
b i
off fformation
ti
In CD help condition borehole wall
Helical
H li l bl
blades
d enhance
h
circulation,
i l ti hhole
l
cleaning and cementing

Crimping Tool

Friction grip to casing


Non-damaging
Portable

Centralizer Sizes