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PROJECT STANDARD SPECIFICATION

SECTION 13915 - FIRE-SUPPRESSION PIPING SYSTEM


PART 1 - GENERAL
0.1

RELATED DOCUMENTS
A.

0.2

Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including Conditions of Contract and
Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.
SUMMARY

A.

This Section includes fire-suppression piping and equipment for the following building
systems:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

B.

for
for
for
and
and
and

System Description:
1.
2.
3.
4.

C.

Automatic wet-type, Class I, fire-suppression standpipes and branches


sprinklers.
Automatic wet-type, Class II, fire-suppression standpipes and branches
sprinklers.
Automatic wet-type, Class III, fire-suppression standpipes and branches
sprinklers.
Wet-pipe, fire-suppression sprinklers, including piping, valves, specialties,
automatic sprinklers.
Deluge, fire-suppression sprinklers, including piping, valves, specialties,
automatic sprinklers operated by fire-detection system.
Preaction, fire-suppression sprinklers, including piping, valves, specialties,
automatic sprinklers operated by fire-detection system.

System design and manufacturer's products shall be in accordance with the


required and advisory provisions of NFPA 14, except as modified herein.
Standpipe system shall be designed by hydraulic calculations.
Each system shall be designed for earthquakes and shall include materials,
accessories, and equipment inside and outside the building necessary to provide
each system complete and ready for use.
Devices and equipment shall be UL listed or FM P7825 approved for fire
protection service.

Related Sections include the following:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Division 10 Section "Fire-Protection Specialties" for cabinets and fire


extinguishers.
Division 13 Section "Electric-Drive, Horizontal Fire Pumps."
Division 13 Section "Diesel-Drive, Horizontal Fire Pumps."
Division 13 Section "Electric-Drive, Vertical-Turbine Fire Pumps."
Division 13 Section "Diesel-Drive, Vertical-Turbine Fire Pumps."

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6.
0.3

Division 13 Section "Fire Alarm" for alarm devices not in this Section.

DEFINITIONS
A.

Hose Connection: Valve with threaded outlet matching fire hose coupling thread for
attaching fire hose.

B.

Hose Station: Hose connection, fire hose rack, and fire hose.

C.

Working Plans:
Documents, including drawings, calculations, and material
specifications prepared according to NFPA 13 and NFPA 14 for obtaining approval
from the Engineer and authorities having jurisdiction.

0.4

SYSTEM PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS


A.

Verify the design of standpipes and sprinklers for compliance with NFPA 13 and NFPA
14, and obtain approval from the Engineer and authorities having jurisdiction.

B.

Verify the design of standpipes and obtain approval from the Engineer and authorities
having jurisdiction. Include minimum residual pressures at hydraulically remote outlets
according to the following:
1.
2.

C.

DN40 Hose Connections: 450 kPa.


DN65 Hose Connections: 690 kPa.

Verify the design of sprinklers for conformance with NFPA 13, and obtain approval
from the Engineer and authorities having jurisdiction.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Include 10 percent margin of safety for available water flow and pressure.
Include losses through water-service piping, valves, and backflow preventers.
Sprinkler Occupancy Hazard Classifications: As per NFPA 13 requirements.
Minimum Density for Automatic-Sprinkler Piping Design: As follows:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5.

Minimum Density for Deluge-Sprinkler Piping Design: As follows:


a.
b.
c.
d.

6.

Light-Hazard Occupancy: 6.3 mL/s over 139 sq. m area.


Ordinary-Hazard, Group 1 Occupancy: 9.5 mL/s over 139 sq. m area.
Ordinary-Hazard, Group 2 Occupancy: 12.6 mL/s over 139 sq. m area.
Extra-Hazard, Group 1 Occupancy: 18.9 mL/s over 232 sq. m area.
Extra-Hazard, Group 2 Occupancy: 25.2 mL/s over 232 sq. m area.

Ordinary-Hazard, Group 1 Occupancy: 9.5 mL/s over entire area.


Ordinary-Hazard, Group 2 Occupancy: 12.6 mL/s over entire area.
Extra-Hazard, Group 1 Occupancy: 18.9 mL/s over entire area.
Extra-Hazard, Group 2 Occupancy: 25.2 mL/s over entire area.

Maximum Protection Area per Sprinkler: As per NFPA 13 requirements.

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D.

Preaction sprinkler system(s) shall meet the requirements of NFPA 13 and NFPA 72.
The sprinkler system shall be a double action interlocked system that requires the
actuation of a smoke detector as first interlock and breaking of fusible link on dry pipe
distribution sprinklers line as a second interlocking method causing a pressure drop in
the distribution sprinkler line resulting in opening the water control valve.

E.

Components and Installation: Capable of producing piping systems with 1200 kPa
(175-psig) minimum working-pressure rating, unless otherwise indicated.

0.5

SUBMITTALS
A.

Hydraulic Calculations: Submit hydraulic calculations to the Engineer for approval.

B.

Product Data for the following:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Pipe and fitting materials and methods of joining for standpipe piping.
Pipe and fitting materials and methods of joining for sprinkler piping.
Pipe hangers and supports.
Piping seismic restraints.
Valves, including specialty valves, accessories, and devices.
Alarm devices. Include electrical data.
Air compressors. Include electrical data.
Fire department connections. Include type, number, size, and arrangement of
inlets; caps and chains; size and direction of outlet; escutcheon and marking; and
finish.
Hose connections. Include size, type, and finish.
Hose stations. Include size, type, and finish of hose connections; type and length
of fire hoses; finish of fire hose couplings; type, material, and finish of nozzles;
and finish of rack.
Excess-pressure pumps. Include electrical data.
Sprinklers, escutcheons, and guards. Include sprinkler flow characteristics,
mounting, finish, and other pertinent data.

C.

Fire-Hydrant Flow Test Report: As specified in "Preparation" Article.

D.

Valve Schedule: Furnish a printed schedule, in duplicate, describing each valve by


number, giving locations and service for which used. One copy of this schedule is to be
mounted under glass in a simple black enamel steel frame and hung in the mechanical
equipment room where directed. The other copy is to be submitted to the Engineer
before completion of the work.

E.

Approved Sprinkler Piping Drawings: Working plans, prepared according to NFPA 13,
that have been approved by the Engineer and authorities having jurisdiction. Include
hydraulic calculations.

F.

Field Test Reports and Certificates: As specified in "Field Quality Control" and
"Commissioning" Articles in Part 3 of this Section. Indicate and interpret test results
for compliance with performance requirements and as described in NFPA 13 and

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NFPA 14. Include "Contractor's Material and Test Certificate for Aboveground Piping"
and "Contractor's Material and Test Certificate for Underground Piping."
G.

0.6

Maintenance Data: For each type of standpipe and sprinkler specialty to include in
maintenance manuals specified in Division 1.
QUALITY ASSURANCE

A.

Installer Qualifications:
1.
2.

3.

An experienced installer who has designed, installed, and obtained approvals for
fire-suppression piping similar to that indicated for this Project.
Prior to commencing work, submit data showing that the Contractor has
successfully installed fire extinguishing standpipe systems of the same type and
design as specified herein, or that he has a firm contractual agreement with a
subcontractor having the required experience. Include the names and locations of
at least two installations where the Contractor, or the subcontractor referred to
above, has installed such systems. Indicate the type and design of each system,
and certify that the system has performed satisfactorily for a period of at least 18
months.
Qualifications of System Technician: Installation drawings, Shop Drawings and
Record (As-Built) Drawings shall be prepared, by or under the supervision of, an
individual who is experienced with the types of works specified herein. [The
Contractor shall submit data for approval showing the name and
certification of all involved individuals with such qualifications at or prior to
submittal of drawings.]

B.

Engineering Responsibility: Preparation of working plans, calculations, and field test


reports by a qualified professional engineer. Base calculations on results of fire-hydrant
flow test.

C.

Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally qualified


to practice in jurisdiction where Project is located and who is experienced in providing
engineering services of the kind indicated. Engineering services are defined as those
performed for installations of fire-suppression piping that are similar to those indicated
for this Project in material, design, and extent.

D.

Manufacturer Qualifications: Firms whose equipment, specialties, and accessories are


listed by product name and manufacturer in UL's "Fire Protection Equipment
Directory" and FM's "Fire Protection Approval Guide" and that comply with other
requirements indicated.

E.

Standpipe and Sprinkler Components: Listing/approval stamp, label, or other marking


by a testing agency acceptable to the Engineer and authorities having jurisdiction.

F.

Electrical Components, Devices, and Accessories: Listed and labeled as defined in


NFPA 70, Article 100, by a testing agency acceptable to the Engineer.

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G.

NFPA Standards:
Equipment, specialties, accessories, installation, and testing
complying with the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

H.

0.7

NFPA 13, "Installation of Sprinkler Systems."


NFPA 13R, "Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including
Four Stories in Height."
NFPA 14, "Standpipe and Hose Systems."
NFPA 231, "General Storage."
NFPA 231C, "Rack Storage of Materials."

Acceptance Testing: Final acceptance testing and demonstration of the system shall be
conducted in the presence of and to the satisfaction of the DCA fire authorities, as
outlined in Part 3 - Execution.
EXTRA MATERIALS

A.

Furnish extra materials described below that match products installed and that are
packaged with protective covering for storage and identified with labels describing
contents.
1.

Sprinkler Cabinets: Finished, wall-mounting steel cabinet and hinged cover, with
space for a minimum of 6 spare sprinklers plus sprinkler wrench. Include the
number of sprinklers required by NFPA 13 and wrench for sprinklers. Include
separate cabinet with sprinklers and wrench for each type of sprinkler on Project.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS
0.1

PIPING MATERIALS
A.

0.2

Refer to Part 3 "Piping Applications" Article for applications of pipe, tube, fitting, and
joining materials.
PIPES

A.

Steel Pipe, DN 150 and Smaller: Standard-Weight Steel Pipe ASTM A 53, Type S
(seamless), Grade A, Schedule 40, factory galvanized.

B.

Steel Pipe, DN 200 and larger: Standard-Weight Steel Pipe ASTM A 53, Type S
(seamless), Grade A, Schedule 40, factory galvanized.

0.3

PIPE FITTINGS
A.

All fittings shall be factory galvanized.

B.

Malleable-Iron Threaded Fittings: ASME B16.3.

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C.

Steel, Threaded Couplings: ASTM A 865.

D.

Steel Flanges and Flanged Fittings: ASME B16.5.

E.

Steel, Grooved-End Fittings: UL-listed and FM-approved, ASTM A 47M, malleable


iron or ASTM A 536, ductile iron; with dimensions matching steel pipe and ends
factory grooved according to AWWA C606.

F.

Steel, Press-Seal Fittings: UL 213 and FM-approved, 1200 kPa pressure rating; with
steel housing, butylene O-rings, and pipe stop; for use with Schedule 5, plain-end, steel
pipe. Include UL 45-listed fitting manufacturer's pressure-sealing tools.

0.4

JOINING MATERIALS
A.

Refer to Division 15 Section "Basic Mechanical Materials and Methods" for pipe-flange
gasket materials and welding filler metals.

B.

Steel, Keyed Couplings: UL 213 and AWWA C606, for steel-pipe dimensions. Include
ASTM A 536, ductile-iron housing, rubber gaskets, and steel bolts and nuts. Include
listing for dry-pipe service for couplings for dry piping.

C.

Gaskets: shall be Grade "E" EPDM compound (green color coded) conforming to
ASTM D 2000, UL listed classified to ANSI/NSF 61 for water supply systems and flush
seal gaskets for dry service. All gaskets shall be selected as per manufacturer's
recommendation according to service application. Gaskets must be manufactured by
the same source for couplings and fittings to secure compatibility.

0.5

GENERAL-DUTY VALVES
A.

0.6

Refer to Division 15 Section "Valves" for gate, ball, butterfly, globe, and check valves
not required to be UL listed and FM approved.
FIRE-PROTECTION-SERVICE VALVES

A.

General: Provide valves of types approved for fire service, UL listed and FM approved,
with minimum 1200 kPa nonshock working-pressure rating. Hose and gate valves
shall open by counterclockwise rotation. Provide isolation and check valves as required
by NFPA 14. Isolation valves shall be OS&Y type. Check valves shall be flanged clear
opening swing-check type with flanged inspection and access cover plate for sizes 100
mm and larger. Valves for grooved-end piping may be furnished with grooved ends
instead of type of ends specified.

B.

Gate Valves, DN50 and Smaller: UL 262; cast-bronze, threaded ends; solid wedge;
OS&Y; and rising stem.

C.

Indicating Valves, DN65 and Smaller: UL 1091; butterfly or ball-type, bronze body
with threaded ends; and integral indicating device.

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D.

Gate Valves, DN65 and Larger: UL 262, iron body, bronze mounted, taper wedge,
OS&Y, and rising stem. Include replaceable, bronze, wedge facing rings and flanged
ends; and integral indicating device.

E.

Indicating Device: Electrical 230 V ac, prewired, single-circuit, supervisory switch.

F.

Swing Check Valves, DN50 and Smaller: UL 312 or MSS SP-80, Class 150; bronze
body with bronze disc and threaded ends.

G.

Swing Check Valves, DN65 and Larger: Shall be non slam type with air cushion
mechanism, UL 312, cast-iron body and bolted cap, with bronze disc or cast-iron disc
with bronze-disc ring and flanged ends.

0.7

SPECIALTY VALVES
A.

Alarm Check Valves: UL 193, 1200 kPa working pressure; designed for horizontal or
vertical installation, with cast-iron flanged inlet and outlet, bronze grooved seat with Oring seals, and single-hinge pin and latch design. Include trim sets for bypass, drain,
electric sprinkler alarm switch, pressure gages, retarding chamber, and fill-line
attachment with strainer.
1.
2.
3.

B.

Preactioned Valves and Integrated Release Control Panel: UL 260, cast-iron body, shall
be double interlock electrically-actuated, differential-pressure type and rated for a
working pressure of 1207 kPa. Valve shall be capable of being reset without opening
the valve. Electrical solenoid valve used to actuate the water control valve shall be an
integral component of the valve or shall be approved for use by the water control valve
manufacturer. Solenoid valve shall be rated at 24 volts direct current, and shall be
normally closed type that operates when energized. Solenoid valves shall be rated for a
maximum pressure differential of 1700 kPa. Water control valve shall be equipped with
a means to prevent the valve from returning to the closed position until being manually
reset. Assembly shall be complete with the valve manufacturer's standard trim piping,
drain and test valves, pressure gauges, built-in compressed air mechanism, release
control panel, diaphragm by-pass, and other required pneumatics and appurtenances.
Each assembly shall include an emergency release device for manually tripping the
water control valve in the event of a power or other system failure. Device shall be a
standard accessory component of the valve manufacturer and shall be labeled as to its
function and method of operation. Valves located in hazardous locations shall be
approved for the hazard classification of the area where located.
1.

C.

Option: Grooved-end connections for use with keyed couplings.


Drip Cup Assembly: Pipe drain without valves, and separate from main drain
piping.
Drip Cup Assembly: Pipe drain with check valve to main drain piping.

Option: Grooved-end connections for use with grooved-end piping.

Deluge Valves: UL 260, cast-iron body, 1200 -kPa working pressure; hydraulically
operated, differential-pressure type. Include flanged inlet and outlet, bronze seat with
O-ring seals, trim sets for bypass, drain, electric sprinkler alarm switch, pressure gages,

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drip cup assembly piped without valves and separate from main drain line, fill-line
attachment with strainer, and push- rod chamber supply connection.
1.
2.
D.

Option: Grooved-end connections for use with grooved-end piping.


Wet, Pilot-Line Trim Set: Include gage to read push-rod chamber pressure, globe
valve for manual operation of deluge valve, and connection for actuation device.

Pressure-Regulating Valves: UL 1468, 2760 kPa minimum rating, brass. Include


DN40 or DN65 , female NPS inlet and outlet; adjustable setting feature; and straight or
90 degree angle pattern design as indicated.
1.

Finish: Rough chrome-plated.

E.

Ball Drip Valves: UL 1726, automatic drain valve, DN20, ball check device with
threaded ends.

F.

Waterflow Test Connection: Provide test connections approximately 1.83 m above the
floor for each standpipe system or portion of each standpipe system equipped with an
alarm device; locate downstream and adjacent to each alarm actuating device. Provide
test connection piping to a location where the discharge will be readily visible and
where water may be discharged without property damage. Discharge to janitor sinks or
similar fixtures shall not be permitted. Provide discharge orifice equivalent to 15 mm
sprinkler orifice.

G.

Main Drains: Provide separate drain piping to discharge at safe points outside each
building or to sight cones attached to drains of adequate size to readily receive the full
flow from each drain under maximum pressure. Provide auxiliary drains as required by
NFPA 13 and NFPA 14.

H.

Double-check backflow prevention assembly shall comply with ASSE 1015. The
assembly shall have a bronze or stainless-steel body with flanged ends. The assembly
shall include pressure gage test ports and OS&Y shutoff valves on the inlet and outlet,
2-positive-seating check valve for continuous pressure application, and four test cocks.
Assemblies shall be rated for working pressure of 1207 kPa. The maximum pressure
loss shall be 40 kPa at a flow rate equal to the sprinkler water demand, at the location of
the assembly. A test port for a pressure gage shall be provided both upstream and
downstream of the double check backflow prevention assembly valves.

0.8

MANUAL CONTROL STATIONS


A.

0.9

Manual Control Stations: Hydraulic operation, with union, DN15 pipe nipple, and
bronze ball valve. Include metal enclosure labeled "MANUAL CONTROL STATION"
with operating instructions and cover held closed by breakable strut to prevent
accidental opening.
SPRINKLERS

A.

Automatic Sprinklers: With heat-responsive element complying with the following:

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1.
2.
3.
B.

UL 199, for applications except residential.


UL 1626, for residential applications.
UL 1767, for early suppression, fast-response applications.

Sprinkler Types and Categories: Nominal 12.7 mm orifice for "Ordinary" temperature
classification rating, unless otherwise indicated or required by application.
1.

Open Sprinklers: UL 199, without heat-responsive element.


a.
b.

Orifice: 12.7 mm, with discharge coefficient K between 5.3 and 5.8.
Orifice: 13.5 mm, with discharge coefficient K between 7.4 and 8.2.

C.

Sprinklers for preaction systems shall be automatic, fusible solder or glass bulb type.
Sprinklers with internal O-rings shall not be used. Sprinklers shall be used in
accordance with their listed coverage limitations. Sprinklers in high heat areas
including attic spaces shall have temperature classification in accordance with NFPA
13. Extended coverage sprinklers shall not be used.

D.

Sprinkler types, features, and options include the following:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Concealed ceiling sprinklers, including cover plate.


Extended-coverage sprinklers.
Flow-control sprinklers, with automatic open and shutoff feature.
Flush ceiling sprinklers, including escutcheon.
Institution sprinklers, made with small, breakaway projection.
Open sprinklers.
Pendent sprinklers.
Pendent, dry-type sprinklers.
Quick-response sprinklers.
Recessed sprinklers, including escutcheon.
Sidewall sprinklers, including escutcheon.
Sidewall, dry-type sprinklers, including escutcheon.
Upright sprinklers.

E.

Sprinkler Finishes: Chrome-plated, bronze, and painted.

F.

Special Coatings: Wax, lead, and corrosion-resistant paint.

G.

Sprinkler Escutcheons: Materials, types, and finishes for the following sprinkler
mounting applications. Escutcheons for concealed, flush, and recessed-type sprinklers
are specified with sprinklers.
1.
2.
3.

H.

Ceiling Mounting: Chrome-plated steel, 1 piece, flat.


Ceiling Mounting: Chrome-plated steel, 2 piece, with 25 mm
adjustment.
Sidewall Mounting: Chrome-plated steel, 1 piece, flat.

vertical

Sprinkler Guards: Wire-cage type, including fastening device for attaching to sprinkler.

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0.10

SPECIALTY SPRINKLER FITTINGS

A.

Specialty Fittings: UL listed and FM approved; made of steel, ductile iron, or other
materials compatible with piping.

B.

Dry-Pipe-System Fittings: UL listed for dry-pipe service.

C.

Press-Seal Fittings: UL 213, steel housing with butylene O-rings and pipe stop.

D.

Locking-Lug Fittings: UL 213, ductile-iron body with locking-lug ends.

E.

Mechanical-T Fittings: UL 213, ductile-iron housing with pressure-responsive gasket,


bolts, and threaded or locking-lug outlet.

F.

Mechanical-Cross Fittings: UL 213, ductile-iron housing with pressure-responsive


gaskets, bolts, and threaded or locking-lug outlets.

G.

Drop-Nipple Fittings:
adjustable.

H.

Sprinkler, Drain and Alarm Test Fittings: UL-listed, cast- or ductile-iron body; with
threaded inlet and outlet, test valve, and orifice and sight glass.

I.

Sprinkler, Branch-Line Test Fittings: UL-listed, brass body; with threaded inlet and
capped drain outlet and threaded outlet for sprinkler.

J.

Sprinkler, Inspector's Test Fittings: UL-listed, cast- or ductile-iron housing; with


threaded inlet and drain outlet and sight glass.

0.11
A.

HOSE CONNECTIONS
Description: UL 668, 2070 kPa minimum pressure rating, brass, hose valve for
connecting fire hose. Include 90-degree angle pattern design; female NPS inlet and
male hose outlet; and lugged cap, gasket, and chain. Include DN40 or DN65 as
indicated, and hose valve threads according to NFPA 1963 and matching local fire
department threads.
1.
2.

0.12
A.

UL 1474, with threaded inlet, threaded outlet, and seals;

Valve Operation: Pressure-regulating type.


Finish: Polished chrome-plated.

HOSE STATIONS
Provide [recessed] [semi recessed] [surface]-mounted cabinets where indicated.
Cabinets shall be prime grade, stainless-steel 316. On each jamb, provide at least two
anchors or reinforcements spaced approximately 610 mm apart for building in or
attaching the cabinets to adjacent construction. Doors shall be flush hollow metal type
with full glazed opening. Provide door with continuous concealed hinge, latch and pull.
Hinge door for 180 degree opening. Glass shall conform to ASTM C 1036 and shall be

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tempered, Quality q 8 (glazing quality), diamond or square wire mesh, 6.35 mm thick.
Fabricate cabinet with sufficient interior space to store one fire extinguisher.

B.

Description: UL 47, semiautomatic hose stations. Include brass chrome plated, rack
nipple; hose rack; and the following features:
1.

Valves: UL 668, 2070 kPa minimum pressure rating, 90- degree angle pattern
hose valve with female NPS inlet and outlet, unless otherwise indicated.
a.

2.
3.
4.

Threads and Gaskets: NFPA 1963 and matching local fire department threads.
Flow-Restricting Devices: DN40 brass, adjustable for DN40 fire hose inlet.
Fire Hose: NFPA 1961 and UL 219, lined fire hose with couplings, gaskets, and
nozzle. Include the following fire hose materials:
a.
b.
c.
d.

5.
6.
7.
8.
D.

Jacket: Synthetic thread.


Lining: Plastic compound.
Cover: Rubber, plastic, or combination of compounds.
Cover: Optional.

Nozzles: UL 401.
Drain Valves: UL 1726.
Mountings: Pipe clamp or wall bracket for freestanding units.
Mountings: Pipe escutcheon for cabinet-mounted units.

DN65 by DN40 Hose Stations: DN65 hose valve; DN65 by DN40 reducer adapter;
hose rack with water-retention device and pins for folded, DN40 lined hose; DN40
lined hose with swivel inlet coupling and nozzle; and reducer adapter spanner wrench.
1.
2.
3.
4.

E.

Valve Operation: Pressure-regulating type.

Hose-Rack Finish: Polished chrome plated.


Hose Valve and Trim Finish: Brass, chrome plated.
Fire Hose: Lined, 30 m length.
Nozzle: Brass, chrome plated adjustable from shutoff to fog spray or straight
stream.

DN40 Hose Stations: DN40 hose valve; hose rack with water-retention device and
pins for folded, DN40 lined hose; and DN40 lined hose with swivel inlet coupling and
nozzle.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Hose-Rack Finish: Polished chrome plated.


Hose Valve and Trim Finish: Brass, chrome plated.
Fire Hose: Lined, 30 m length.
Nozzle: Brass, chrome plated adjustable from shutoff to fog spray or straight
stream.

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F.

DN65 and DN40 Hose Stations: DN65 hose valve with male threaded outlet, cap, and
chain and DN40 hose valve; hose rack with water-retention device and pins for folded,
DN40 lined hose; and DN40 lined hose with swivel inlet coupling and nozzle.
1.
2.
3.
4.

G.

DN40 Hose-Reel Hose Stations: DN40 hose valve; hose reel with water-retention
device and pins for DN40 lined hose; and DN40 lined hose with swivel inlet coupling
and nozzle.
1.
2.
3.
4.

H.
0.13
A.

ROOF HOSE CABINETS


Description: FM-approved, low-profile-type, hose station for roof mounting. Include
the following:

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

A.

Hose-Rack Finish: Polished chrome plated.


Hose Valve and Trim Finish: Brass, chrome plated.
Fire Hose: Lined, 30 m length.
Nozzle: Brass, chrome plated adjustable from shutoff to fog spray or straight
stream.

Spare Parts: Provide 1 percent of the nozzles as spare parts.

1.

0.14

Hose-Rack Finish: Polished chrome plated.


Hose Valve and Trim Finish: Brass, chrome plated.
Fire Hose: Lined, 30 m length.
Nozzle: Brass, chrome plated adjustable from shutoff to fog spray or straight
stream.

Housing: Stainless steel construction with reinforcement and modified to hold


not less than length of fire hose indicated.
Shutoff Valve: DN40 gate valve with extended stem.
Hose Connection: DN40 valve.
Fittings: Brass, chrome plated.
Hose: DN40, lined and suitable for exterior service. Include two 23 m lengths
coupled together.
Nozzle: DN40 brass, chrome plated adjustable from shutoff to fog spray or
straight stream.
Drain Valve: DN15 gate valve with extended stem.
Roof Curb: Matching housing dimensions.
Mounting Materials: Structural steel and wood blocking as recommended in
writing by manufacturer.

MONITORS
Description: UL-listed, stationary, single-waterway type for 47.3 L/s water stream.
Include the following features:
1.
2.

Waterway: DN65 minimum, brass tube.


Operation: Lever handle.

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3.
4.
5.

0.15
A.

WALL FIRE HYDRANTS


Description: Cast-brass body with brass, wall, escutcheon plates; brass, lugged caps
with gaskets and brass chains; and brass, lugged swivel connections. Include outlets
with threads according to NFPA 1963 and matching local fire department sizes and
threads, inlet with pipe threads, extension pipe nipple, and valve control.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

0.16
A.

Type: Flush mounting.


Type: Exposed, projecting mounting.
Escutcheon Plates: Round.
Escutcheon Plates: Square or rectangular.
Finish: Polished chrome-plated.
Finish: Rough chrome-plated.
Finish: Polished brass.
Hydrant, Escutcheon-Plate Marking: "HYDRANT."
Hydrant, Valve Control: Wall-mounting assembly with extension rod for manual
control of valve inside building.
Hydrant, Valve Escutcheon Plate Marking: "HYDRANT VALVE CONTROL."

FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTIONS


Wall, Fire Department Connections: UL 405; cast-brass body with brass, wall,
escutcheon plate; brass, lugged caps with gaskets and brass chains; and brass, lugged
swivel connections. Include inlets with threads according to NFPA 1963 and matching
local fire department sizes and threads, outlet with pipe threads, extension pipe nipples,
check devices or clappers for inlets, and escutcheon plate with marking "AUTO SPKR
& STANDPIPE." Fire department connections shall be suitable for use by [Dubai
Airport Fire Brigade].
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

B.

Horizontal Rotation: 360 degrees with locking device.


Vertical Rotation: 80 degree elevation and 60 degree depression with locking
device.
Nozzle: Brass, chrome plated adjustable from shutoff to fog spray or straight
stream.

Type: Flush mounting.


Type: Exposed, projecting mounting.
Escutcheon Plate: Round.
Escutcheon Plate: Square.
Escutcheon Plate: Rectangular.
Finish: Polished chrome-plated.
Finish: Rough chrome-plated.
Finish: Polished brass.

Exposed, Freestanding, Fire Department Connections: UL 405, cast-brass body, inlets


with threads according to NFPA 1963 and matching local fire department sizes and
threads, and bottom outlet with pipe threads. Include brass, lugged caps, gaskets, and
brass chains; brass, lugged swivel connection and drop clapper for each hose-

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connection inlet; 450-mm high brass sleeve; and round, floor, brass, escutcheon plate
with marking "AUTO SPKR & STANDPIPE." Fire department connections shall be
suitable for use by [Dubai Airport Fire Brigade].
1.
2.
3.
0.17

Finish Including Sleeve: Polished chrome-plated.


Finish Including Sleeve: Rough chrome-plated.
Finish Including Sleeve: Polished brass.

ALARM DEVICES

A.

General: Types matching piping and equipment connections.

B.

Water-Motor-Operated Alarms: UL 753, mechanical-operation type with pelton-wheel


operator with shaft length, bearings, and sleeve to suit wall construction and 250 mm
diameter, cast-aluminum alarm gong with red enamel factory finish. Include DN20
inlet and DN25 drain connections.

C.

Water-Flow Indicators: UL 346; electrical-supervision, vane-type water-flow detector;


with 1725 kPa pressure rating; and designed for horizontal or vertical installation.
Include 2 single-pole, double-throw, circuit switches for isolated alarm and auxiliary
contacts, 7 A, 125 V ac and 0.25 A, 24 V dc; complete with factory-set, field-adjustable
retard element to prevent false signals and tamperproof cover that sends signal if
removed.

D.

Pressure Switches: UL 753; electrical-supervision-type, water-flow switch with retard


feature. Include single-pole, double-throw, normally closed contacts and design that
operates on rising pressure and signals water-flow.

E.

Valve Supervisory Switches: Provide valve supervisory switch(es) to monitor the open
position of valve(s) controlling water supply to the standpipe system, UL 753;
electrical; single-pole, double throw; with normally closed contacts. Include design that
signals controlled valve is in other than fully open position. Switch contacts shall
transfer from the normal (valve open) position to the off-normal (valve closed) position
during the first 2 revolutions of the hand wheel or when the stem of the valve has
moved not more than one-fifth of the distance from its normal position. Switch shall be
tamper resistant. Removal of the cover shall cause switch to operate into the off-normal
position.

F.

Indicator-Post Supervisory Switches: UL 753; electrical; single-pole, double throw;


with normally closed contacts. Include design that signals controlled indicator-post
valve is in other than fully open position.

0.18
A.

PRESSURE GAGES
Pressure Gages: UL 393, 90 to 115 mm diameter dial with dial range of 0 to 1725 kPa.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

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0.1

GENERAL
A.

Equipment, materials, installation, workmanship, fabrication, assembly, erection,


examination, inspection, and testing shall be in accordance with the NFPA standards
referenced herein.

B.

The system piping shall be protected against damage from earthquakes. Seismic
protection shall include flexible and rigid couplings, sway bracing, seismic separation
assemblies where piping crosses building seismic separation joints, and other features
as required by NFPA 13 for protection of piping against damage from earthquakes.

C.

Provide fittings for changes in direction of piping and for all connections Make changes
in piping sizes through standard reducing pipe fittings; do not use bushings. Cut pipe
accurately and work into place without springing or forcing.

D.

Ream pipe ends and free pipe and fittings from burrs. Clean with solvent to remove all
varnish and cutting oil prior to assembly. Make screw joints with PTFE tape applied to
male thread only.

E.

Exposed piping shall be installed so as not to diminish exit access widths, corridors, or
equipment access. Exposed horizontal piping, including drain piping, shall be installed
to provide maximum headroom.

F.

In areas with suspended or dropped ceilings and in areas with concealed spaces above
the ceiling, piping shall be concealed above ceilings. Piping shall be inspected, tested,
and approved before being concealed. Risers and similar vertical runs of piping in
finished areas shall be concealed. Install piping straight and true to bear evenly on
hangers and supports. Conceal piping to the maximum extent possible.

0.2

PREPARATION
A.

Perform fire-hydrant flow test according to NFPA 13 and NFPA 291. Use results for
system design calculations required in "Quality Assurance" Article in Part 1 of this
Section.

B.

Report test results promptly and in writing.

0.3

EARTHWORK
A.

0.4

Refer to Division 2 Section "Earthwork" for excavating, trenching, and backfilling.


EXAMINATION

A.

Examine roughing-in for hose connections and stations to verify actual locations of
piping connections before installation.

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B.

Examine walls and partitions for suitable thickness, fire- and smoke-rated construction,
framing for hose-station cabinets, and other conditions where hose connections and
stations are to be installed.

C.

Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

0.5

PIPING APPLICATIONS
A.

Do not use welded joints with galvanized steel pipe.

B.

Flanges, unions, and transition and special fittings with pressure ratings the same as or
higher than system's pressure rating may be used in aboveground applications, unless
otherwise indicated.

C.

Piping between Fire Department Connections and Check Valves: Use galvanized,
standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends; cast- or malleable-iron threaded fittings;
and threaded joints.

D.

Piping between Fire Department Connections and Check Valves: Use galvanized,
standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends; steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed
couplings; and grooved joints.

E.

Underground Service-Entrance Piping: RTRP (GRE) pipe and fittings. Refer to


Division 15, Section Water Distribution Piping for pipes underground and upstream
of backflow preventer.

F.

Standpipes: Use the following

1.

1.

DN100 and Smaller: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends;
cast- or malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN100 and Smaller: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends;
steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.
DN125 and DN150: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends;
steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.
DN200 and Larger: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends;
steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.

2.
3.
4.
G.

Wet-Pipe Sprinklers: Use the following:


1.
2.
3.

DN40 and Smaller: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends;
cast- or malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN50: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends; cast- or
malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN50: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with plain ends; locking-lug
fittings; and twist-locked joints.

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4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
H.

Dry-Pipe Sprinklers: Use the following:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

0.6

DN50: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends; steel,


grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.
DN65 to DN90: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends; castor malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN65 to DN90: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends;
steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.
DN100: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends; cast- or
malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN100: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends; steel,
grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.
DN125 and DN150: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends;
steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.

Sprinkler-Piping Option: Mechanical-T bolted-branch-outlet fittings, DN50 and


smaller, may be used downstream from sprinkler zone valves.
DN40 and Smaller: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends;
cast- or malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN40 and Smaller: Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with plain ends;
locking-lug fittings; and twist-locked joints.
DN50 : Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends; cast- or
malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN50 : Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with plain ends; locking-lug
fittings; and twist-locked joints.
DN50 : Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends; steel,
grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.
DN65 to DN100 : Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with threaded ends;
cast- or malleable-iron threaded fittings; and threaded joints.
DN65 to DN100 : Galvanized, standard-weight steel pipe with grooved ends;
steel, grooved-end fittings; steel, keyed couplings; and grooved joints.

VALVE APPLICATIONS
A.

Drawings indicate valve types to be used. Where specific valve types are not indicated,
the following requirements apply:
1.

Fire-Protection-Service Valves: UL listed and FM approved for applications


where required by NFPA 13 and NFPA 14.
a.

0.7

Shutoff Duty: Use gate valves.

JOINT CONSTRUCTION
A.

Refer to Division 15 Section "Basic Mechanical Materials and Methods" for basic
piping joint construction.

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B.

Steel-Piping, Grooved Joints: Use Schedule 40 steel pipe with cut and roll-grooved
ends. Assemble joints with couplings, gaskets, lubricant, and bolts according to
coupling manufacturer's written instructions. Use gaskets listed for dry-pipe service for
dry piping.

C.

Press-Seal-Fitting Joints: Use UL-listed tool and procedure and follow fitting
manufacturer's written instructions. Include use of specific equipment, pressure-sealing
tool, and accessories.

D.

Locking-Lug-Fitting, Twist-Locked Joints:


instructions.

0.8

Follow fitting manufacturer's written

SERVICE-ENTRANCE PIPING
A.

Connect standpipe and sprinkler piping to water-service piping of size and in location
indicated for service entrance to building. Refer to Division 2 Section "Water
Distribution" for exterior piping.

B.

Install shutoff valve, backflow preventer, pressure gage, drain, and other accessories
indicated at connection to water-service piping. Refer to Division 2 Section "Water
Distribution" for backflow preventers.

0.9

WATER-SUPPLY CONNECTION
A.

Connect standpipe and sprinkler piping to building interior water distribution piping.
Refer to Division 15 Section "Water Distribution Piping" for interior piping.

B.

Install shutoff valve, backflow preventer, pressure gage, drain, and other accessories
indicated at connection to water distribution piping. Refer to Division 15 Section
"Plumbing Specialties" for backflow preventers.

0.10

PIPING INSTALLATION

A.

Refer to Division 15 Section "Basic Mechanical Materials and Methods" for basic
piping installation.

B.

Locations and Arrangements: Drawing plans, schematics, and diagrams indicate


general location and arrangement of piping. Install piping as indicated, as far as
practical.
1.

C.

Deviations from approved working plans for piping require written approval
from the Engineer and authorities having jurisdiction. File written approval with
the Engineer before deviating from approved working plans.

Install underground service-entrance piping according to NFPA 24 and with restrained


joints.

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D.

Use approved fittings to make changes in direction, branch takeoffs from mains, and
reductions in pipe sizes.

E.

Install unions adjacent to each valve in pipes DN50 and smaller. Unions are not
required on flanged devices or in piping installations using grooved joints.

F.

Install flanges or flange adapters on valves, apparatus, and equipment having DN65
and larger connections.

G.

Install "Inspector's Test Connections" in sprinkler piping, complete with shutoff valve,
sized and located according to NFPA 13.

H.

Install sprinkler piping with drains for complete system drainage.

I.

Install sprinkler zone control valves, test assemblies, and drain risers adjacent to
standpipes when sprinkler piping is connected to standpipes.

J.

Install drain valves on standpipes.

K.

Install ball drip valves to drain piping between fire department connections and check
valves. Drain to floor drain or outside building.

L.

Install alarm devices in piping systems.

M.

Hangers and Supports: Comply with NFPA 13 for hanger materials. Install according
to NFPA 13 for sprinkler piping and to NFPA 14 for standpipes.

N.

Earthquake Protection: Install piping according to NFPA 13 to protect from earthquake


damage.

O.

Install piping with grooved joints according to manufacturer's written instructions.


Construct rigid piping joints, unless otherwise indicated.

P.

Install pressure gages on riser or feed main, at each sprinkler test connection, and at top
of each standpipe. Include pressure gages with connection not less than DN8 and with
soft metal seated globe valve, arranged for draining pipe between gage and valve.
Install gages to permit removal, and install where they will not be subject to freezing.

0.11

VALVE INSTALLATION

A.

Refer to Division 15 Section "Valves" for installing general-duty valves. Install fireprotection specialty valves, trim, fittings, controls, and specialties according to
NFPA 13 and NFPA 14, manufacturer's written instructions, and authorities having
jurisdiction.

B.

Gate Valves: Install fire-protection-service valves supervised-open, located to control


sources of water supply except from fire department connections. Provide permanent
identification signs indicating portion of system controlled by each valve.

C.

Valves for Wall Fire Hydrants: Install gate valve with nonrising stem in supply pipe.

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D.

Install check valve in each water-supply connection.


instead of check valves in potable-water supply sources.

E.

Alarm Check Valves: Install valves in vertical position for proper direction of flow,
including bypass check valve and retard chamber drain-line connection.

F.

Deluge Valves: Install in vertical position, in proper direction of flow, in main supply to
deluge system.

0.12
A.

SPRINKLER APPLICATIONS
General: Use sprinklers according to the following applications:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Rooms without Ceilings: Upright sprinklers.


Rooms without Ceilings: Pendent sprinklers.
Rooms without Ceilings: Upright and pendent sprinklers, as indicated.
Rooms with Suspended Ceilings: Pendent sprinklers.
Rooms with Suspended Ceilings: Recessed sprinklers.
Rooms with Suspended Ceilings: Flush sprinklers.
Rooms with Suspended Ceilings: Concealed sprinklers.
Rooms with Suspended Ceilings: Pendent, recessed, flush, and concealed
sprinklers, as indicated.
Wall Mounting: Sidewall sprinklers.
Spaces Subject to Freezing: Upright; pendent, dry-type; and sidewall, dry-type
sprinklers.
Deluge-Sprinkler Systems: Upright and pendent, open sprinklers.
Special Applications: Use extended-coverage, flow-control, and quick-response
sprinklers where indicated.
Sprinkler Finishes: Use sprinklers with the following finishes:
a.

b.
c.
d.
e.
0.13

Install backflow preventers

Upright, Pendent, and Sidewall Sprinklers: Chrome-plated in finished


spaces exposed to view; rough bronze in unfinished spaces not exposed to
view; wax coated where exposed to acids, chemicals, or other corrosive
fumes.
Concealed Sprinklers: Rough brass, with factory-painted white cover
plate.
Flush Sprinklers: Bright chrome, with painted white escutcheon.
Recessed Sprinklers: Bright chrome, with bright chrome escutcheon.
Residential Sprinklers: Dull chrome.

SPRINKLER INSTALLATION

A.

Install sprinklers in patterns indicated.

B.

Install sprinklers in suspended ceilings in center of acoustical panels and tiles.

C.

Pendent Sprinklers: Drop nipples to pendent sprinklers shall consist of minimum 25


mm pipe with a reducing coupling into which the sprinkler shall be threaded. Hangers

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shall be provided on arm-overs to drop nipples supplying pendent sprinklers when the
arm-over exceeds 300 mm. Where sprinklers are installed below suspended or dropped
ceilings, drop nipples shall be cut such that sprinkler ceiling plates or escutcheons are of
a uniform depth throughout the finished space. The outlet of the reducing coupling
shall not extend more than 25 mm below the underside of the ceiling. On pendent
sprinklers installed below suspended or dropped ceilings, the distance from the
sprinkler deflector to the underside of the ceiling shall not exceed 100 mm. Recessed
pendent sprinklers shall be installed such that the distance from the sprinkler deflector
to the underside of the ceiling shall not exceed the manufacturer's listed range and shall
be of uniform depth throughout the finished area.
D.

0.14

Upright Sprinklers: Riser nipples or "sprigs" to upright sprinklers shall contain no


fittings between the branch line tee and the reducing coupling at the sprinkler. Riser
nipples exceeding 750 mm in length shall be individually supported.
HOSE-CONNECTION INSTALLATION

A.

Install hose connections adjacent to standpipes, unless otherwise indicated.

B.

Install freestanding hose connections for access and minimum passage restriction.

C.

Install DN40 hose-connection valves with flow restricting device, unless otherwise
indicated.

D.

Install DN65 hose connections with quick-disconnect DN65 to DN40 reducer adapter
and flow- restricting device, unless otherwise indicated.

E.

Install wall-mounting-type hose connections in cabinets. Include pipe escutcheons,


with finish matching valves, inside cabinet where water-supply piping penetrates
cabinet. Install valves at angle required for connection of fire hose. Refer to
Division 10 Section "Fire-Protection Specialties" for cabinets.

0.15

HOSE-STATION INSTALLATION

A.

Install freestanding hose stations for access and minimum passage restriction.

B.

Install DN40
indicated.

C.

Install DN65 hose connections with quick-disconnect DN65 by DN40 reducer adapter
and flow- restricting device, unless otherwise indicated.

D.

Install freestanding hose stations with support or bracket attached to standpipe or


substrate.

E.

Install wall-mounting, rack-type hose stations in cabinets. Include pipe escutcheons,


with finish matching valves, inside cabinet where water-supply piping penetrates

hose-station valves with flow-restricting device, unless otherwise

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cabinet. Install valves at angle required for connection of fire hose. Cabinets are
specified in Division 10 Section "Fire-Protection Specialties."
F.
0.16
A.
0.17

Install hose-reel hose stations on wall with bracket attached to substrate.


ROOF HOSE CABINET INSTALLATION
Install cabinets according to manufacturer's written instructions.
CONNECTIONS

A.

Connect water-supply piping and standpipes and sprinklers to fire pumps. Include
backflow preventers.

B.

Install ball drip valves at each check valve for fire department connection. Drain to
floor drain or outside building.

C.

Connect piping to specialty valves, hose valves, specialties, fire department


connections, and accessories.

D.

Electrical Connections: Power wiring is specified in Division 16.

E.

Connect alarm devices to fire alarm.

F.

Connect excess-pressure pumps to the following piping and wiring:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

0.18
A.

0.19

Sprinkler system, hydraulically.


Pressure gages and controls, hydraulically.
Electrical power system.
Alarm device accessories for pump.
Fire alarm system.

LABELING AND IDENTIFICATION


Install labeling and pipe markers on equipment and piping according to requirements in
NFPA 13 and NFPA 14 and in Division 15 Section "Mechanical Identification."
FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A.

Flush, test, and inspect sprinkler piping according to NFPA 13, "System Acceptance"
Chapter.

B.

Flush, test, and inspect standpipes according to NFPA 14, "Tests and Inspection"
Chapter.

C.

Replace piping system components that do not pass test procedures and retest to
demonstrate compliance. Repeat procedure until satisfactory results are obtained.

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D.

0.20

Report test results promptly and in writing to Engineer and authorities having
jurisdiction.
CLEANING

A.

Clean dirt and debris from sprinklers.

B.

Remove and replace sprinklers having paint other than factory finish.

0.21
A.
0.22

PROTECTION
Protect sprinklers from damage until Substantial Completion.
COMMISSIONING

A.

Verify that specialty valves, trim, fittings, controls, and accessories are installed and
operate correctly.

B.

Verify that specified tests of piping are complete.

C.

Verify that damaged sprinklers and sprinklers with paint or coating not specified are
replaced with new, correct type.

D.

Verify that sprinklers are correct types, have correct finishes and temperature ratings,
and have guards as required for each application.

E.

Verify that potable-water supplies have correct types of backflow preventers.

F.

Drain dry-pipe sprinkler piping.

G.

Verify that hose connections and fire department connections have threads compatible
with local fire department equipment.

H.

Fill wet-pipe sprinkler piping with water.

I.

Fill standpipes with water.

J.

Verify that hose connections are correct type and size.

K.

Verify that hose stations are correct type and size.

L.

Energize circuits to electrical equipment and devices.

M.

Start and run excess-pressure pumps.

N.

Start and run air compressors.

O.

Adjust operating controls and pressure settings.

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P.

Coordinate with fire alarm tests. Operate as required.

Q.

Coordinate with fire-pump tests. Operate as required.

0.23

PRELIMINARY TESTS

A.

The system, including the underground water mains, and the aboveground piping and
system components, shall be tested to assure that equipment and components function
as intended. The underground and aboveground interior piping systems and attached
appurtenances subjected to system working pressure shall be tested in accordance with
NFPA 13, NFPA 14 and NFPA 24.

B.

Upon completion of specified tests, the Contractor shall complete certificates as


specified in paragraph SUBMITTALS.

C.

Underground Piping:
1.

2.

D.

Flushing: Underground piping shall be flushed in accordance with NFPA 24.


This includes the requirement to flush the lead-in connection to the fire
protection system at a flow rate not less that the calculated maximum water
demand rate of the system.
Hydrostatic Testing: New underground piping shall be hydrostatically tested in
accordance with NFPA 24. The allowable leakage shall be measured at the
specified test pressure by pumping from a calibrated container. The amount of
leakage at the joints shall not exceed 1.89 liters per hour per 100 gaskets or
joints, regardless of pipe diameter.

Aboveground Piping
1.

2.

Hydrostatic Testing: Aboveground piping shall be hydrostatically tested in


accordance with NFPA 13 and NFPA 14 at not less than 1400 kPa 350 kPa in
excess of maximum system operating pressure and shall maintain that pressure
without loss for 2 hours. There shall be no drop in gage pressure or visible
leakage when the system is subjected to the hydrostatic test. The test pressure
shall be read from a gage located at the low elevation point of the system or
portion being tested.
Backflow Prevention Assembly Forward Flow Test: Each backflow prevention
assembly shall be tested at system flow demand, including all applicable hose
streams, as specified in NFPA 13 and NFPA 14. The Contractor shall provide all
equipment and instruments necessary to conduct a complete forward flow test,
including 65 mm diameter hoses, playpipe nozzles, calibrated pressure gages,
and pitot tube gage. The Contractor shall provide all necessary supports to safely
secure hoses and nozzles during the test. At the system demand flow, the
pressure readings and pressure drop (friction) across the assembly shall be
recorded. A metal placard shall be provided on the backflow prevention
assembly that lists the pressure readings both upstream and downstream of the
assembly, total pressure drop, and the system test flow rate. The pressure drop
shall be compared to the manufacturer's data.

FIRE-SUPPRESSION PIPING
STD-SPC-DCA(A4)-ME-DCA REV A

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<Project Title>
PROJECT STANDARD SPECIFICATION

E.

Testing of Alarm Devices: Each alarm switch shall be tested by flowing water through
the inspector's test connection. Each water-operated alarm devices shall be tested to
verify proper operation.

F.

Main Drain Flow Test: Following flushing of the underground piping, a main drain test
shall be made to verify the adequacy of the water supply. In addition, a main drain test
shall be conducted each time after a main control valve is shut and opened.

0.24
A.

0.25
A.

FINAL ACCEPTANCE TEST


Final Acceptance Test shall begin only when the Preliminary Test Report has been
approved. The Fire Protection Specialist shall conduct the Final Acceptance Test and
shall provide a complete demonstration of the operation of the system in the presence
and to the satisfaction of the authorities having jurisdiction. This shall include
operation of control valves and flowing of inspector's test connections to verify
operation of associated waterflow alarm switches. After operation of control valves has
been completed, the main drain test shall be repeated to assure that control valves are in
the open position. In addition, the representative shall have available copies of as-built
drawings and certificates of tests previously conducted. The installation shall not be
considered accepted until identified discrepancies have been corrected and test
documentation is properly completed and received and accepted by the authorities
having jurisdiction.
DEMONSTRATION
Demonstrate equipment, specialties and accessories, and train the Employer's
maintenance personnel to adjust, operate, and maintain fire-suppression piping and
equipment. Refer to Division 1 Section "[Demonstration and Training] [Closeout
Procedures]."

END OF SECTION 13915

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STD-SPC-DCA(A4)-ME-DCA REV A

13915 - Page