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ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

Los sufijos ED e ING aadidos a verbos dan adjetivos. Los acabados en ED se refieren
a los sentimientos de una persona, y los acabados en ING se refieren a cosas.
AMAZE (sorprender)

Amazed (sorprendido)
Amazing (sorprendente

BORE (aburrir)

Bored (estar aburrido)


Boring (ser aburrido)

EMBARRASS (avergonzar)

Embarrassed (avergonzado)
Embarrassing (embarazoso)

INTEREST (interesar)

Interested (interesado)
Interesting (interesante)

SHOCK (impresionar)

Shocked (impresionado)
Shocking (impresionante)

Algunos nombres toman los sufijos FUL y LESS y esto ayuda a saber el significado de
los adjetivos, ya que FUL quiere decir con y LESS sin.

CARE (cuidado)

Careful (cuidadoso)
Careless (descuidado)

HARM (dao)

Harmful (nocivo)
Harmless (inofensivo)

PAIN (dolor)

Painful (doloroso)
Painless (indoloro)

USE (uso)

Useful (til)
Useless (intil)

En cambio otros adjetivos solo admiten un sufijo. Por ejemplo, existen peaceful y
homeless pero no peaceless ni homeful.
Por ltimo, con los sufijos OUS, AL, ABLE e IVE aadidos a algunos nombres y
verbos tambin formamos adjetivos.
Danger (peligro)

Nation (nacin)
Predict (predecir)
Attract (atraer)

dangerous (peligroso)
national (nacional)
predictable (predecible)
attractive (atractivo)

ACTIVITIES: ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

1) CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER.


-

The boys were shocked / shocking when they found out that Maribel was a girl.
Are you pleased / leasing with the presents you got?
I dont find gossip very interested / interesting?
Ive got some fascinated / fascinating news for you.
Im bored / boring. Lets do something fun!
Its frustrated / frustrating when you try and dont succeed.
These grammar rules are a bit confused / confusing. Could you explain them to
me again?
Sam spilled coffee all over the table. He as so embarrassed / embarrassing!

2) ADD THE SUFFIX FUL OR LESS TO THE NOUNS IN BRACKETS TO


COMPLETE THE SENTENCES BELOW.
-

This machine isbecause it doesnt work. (use)


John has never been in an accident. Hes a very..driver. (care)
Than you for your assistance. Youve been very.(help)
Sri Lanka is usually a tranquil, ..place. (peace)
Nothing can help us. The situation is..(hope)
Why didnt you wait form me) that was extremely.of you.
(thought)
Dont be afraid of my dog. Shes huge but. (harm)
Lisa likes to wear bright, ..clothes. (colour)

3) COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES BY ADDING A SUITABLE


SUFFIX (-OUS, -AL, -ABLE OR IVE) TO THE WORDS IN BRACKETS TO
FORM ADJECTIVES. USE A DICTIONARY TO HELP YOU.
-

I guessed the ending of the story because it was so.(predict)


You look veryin that dress. (attract)
What is the..meaning of that word? (origin)
Its.to climb mountains without the right equipment.
(danger)
I think his story is quite..(believe).
John does well in art lessons because hes very(create)
Many celebrities live inhouses. (luxury)

4) COMPLETE THE TEXT BY ADDING A SUITABLE SUFFIX TO THE


WORDS IN BRACKETS.
WOMEN ON MENS TEAMS?
We all know that there are many(talent) women athletes,
and that womens sports can be..(excite) to watch. But
the question is: Is it (accept) for women to play in mens
sports teams? Its an (end) debate, without simple answer.
Mnay people feel that because of physical differences, women wouldnt
be.(success) competing with men and it could even be
.(danger) for the,. Others feel that there is no need to be
so..(protect). If a woman is .(determine)
enough to compete with men, its her (person) choice.
Perhaps, they say, men just arent (comfort) with the idea
of playing sport with, or maybe losing to, a woman.