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SevereWeather:Tornadoes,Hurricanes,ThunderstormsandBlizzards
WEBSITE:http://www.nationalgeographic.com/forcesofnature/
Onceyougettothissite,clickonTornadoes
TORNADOES
Step1:Whenthenumber1isdark.Readtheinformationabouttornadoesinthegrayboxandanswerthe
followingquestions.Youmayhavetoscrolldowntoseealloftheinformation.
1. Whatisatornado?Aviolentlyrotatingcolumnofairextendsfromathunderstormtotheground
2. Whichstatehasthemosttwistersperyear?Howmany?Texas,120
Step2:Clickonthe#2.Readtheinformationinthegraybox,andanswerthefollowingquestions.
1. Whataresupercells?Theyarelargethunderstormsthathavewindalreadyinrotation
2. WheredomosttornadoesinAmericaoccur?TornadoAlleystretchesofstatesintheMidwest

3. Whydomosttornadoesoccurinthelateafternoon?Warmerpartoftheday
Clickonthenextbuttontozoomintoseeatornado.
4. Whendotornadoesform?Warmhumidaircollideswithcolddryair.
5. Whatisanupdraft?Densercoldairispushedoverwarmerairwarmairrisesthroughthecoolerair
producinganupdraft.

6. Whywoulditstarttorotate?Ifwindsvarysharplyinspeed/direction

7. Beforethestormturnsintoatornado,whattypeofclouddoesitbecome?Funnelcloud

Step3:Clickonthe#3.Readtheinformationinthegraybox,andanswerthefollowingquestions.
1. Whattypeofweatheraccompaniestornadoes?Thunderstorms,highwinds,hail

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Clickonseetornadodamageatthebottomofthetext.
2. HowdoestheFujitascalemeasuretornadointensity?Analyzesthedamageandmatchingthewind
speedsneededforthosedamages.
MovearoundtheFujitascaletoseetheeffectstornadoesofdifferentintensitieshave.
Clickonthe#4toseeavideoofatornadopassing.
Clickonthe#5toanswerthefollowingquestion.Youwillhavetoscrolldowntoanswerthequestion.
1. Whatisthedifferencebetweenatornadowatchandatornadowarning?Watchconditionsare
conductiveforatornado.Warninghavesightedatornadoorhasbeenindicatedonaradar.

Clickon#6tomakeatornado.
1.Whatconditionsareperfectformakingatornado?2airmasses:Cold/dry,warm/moistfalling
pressurevariablewinds
HURRICANES
Now,youaremovingontohurricanes.Clickonthehurricanesymbolabovethenumbers,andbegin.
1. Howmanymphmustwindsbegoinginorderforatropicalstormtobeahurricane?74mph
2. Wheredohurricanesform?AtlanticorEasternPacific
Wheredocyclonesform?BayofBengalorNorthernIndian
Wheredotyphoonsform?WesternPacific
Clickon#2,andreadtheinformation.Clickthenextbuttonwhenyouaredone.
1.DoestheeyeofthehurricanehaveHIGHorLOWpressure?Low
2. Wherearethemostviolentwindsinthehurricane?Eyewall
Clickonthe#3.
1. Inthenorthernhemisphere,hurricanesalwaysturnhow?Counterclockwise
2. Inthesouthernhemisphere,theyalwaysturnhow?Clockwise

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Playwiththeimageofthehurricanetoseea3Dimage.
Clickonthe#4.
1. Alloftherainfromhurricanescancausewhattooccur?Floods,flashfloods,landslides
2.Whatisastormsurge?Riseofsealevelcancausefloods
Clickonthe#5.
Readtheinformation,andwatchthevideo.
Clickonthe#6.
1. Whatisthedifferencebetweenahurricanewatchandahurricanewarning?Watchpossible
threat,warninglikelytohitinthenext24hours.
Clickonthe#7.
Create5hurricanes.
1. Whichonecreatesthemostdamage?Whatfactors?Formsoutway,warmocean,lowpressure,
highhumidity
2.Whichonecreatestheleastdamage?Whatfactors?closertoland,lowpressure,highhumidity

THUNDERSTORMS
Gotohttp://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/tstorms/ingredient.htm
1. Listthe3ingredientsnecessaryforathunderstorm.Moisture,instability,liftingmechanism
2. ClickonLifecycleofaThunderstorm.Takenotesoneachofthethreestages.

ToweringCumulusStagecumuluscloudstartstogrowandupdraftsformwithinthecloud

MatureCumulusStageStormhasconsiderabledepth,Largeupdraftsanddowndrafts

DissipatingStageNomoisterrisingair

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3. Whataresomeofthepotentialhazardsofthunderstorms?Hall,Wind,Tornadoes,Floods

BLIZZARDS
Gotohttp://www.ussartf.org/blizzards.htm
1. HowdoestheNationalWeatherServicedefineablizzard?Largeamountsoffallingorblowingsnow
windsinexcessof35mph
2. Listsomeofthedangersofblizzards.Windchillfactor,WhiteoutConditions

3. WhatdowecallablizzardthatmovesuptheeastcoastfromtheMidAtlantictoNewEngland?North
eastern

4. ScrolldowntoKeepAheadoftheStorm
Whatdoesitmeanifeachofthefollowingisissued:?
WinterStormWatchSevereweatherconditionspossiblewithinthenextday
WinterStormWarningSevereweatherconditionsareabouttobeginorhavebegun
BlizzardWarningStrongswindswillcombineforblowingsnowdeepdriftsandharshwindchill

CreateACaneGame
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/outreach/games/canelab.htm
CreateACanePostGameQuestion
1. Whatistheidealwindspeedforahurricane?7495mph
2. Whatistheidealtemperatureforahurricane?82degrees
3. Whatistheideallatitudeforahurricane?5degreeNorthand20degrees

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4. Whatistheidealmoistureforahurricane?Theupperlevelcouldbemoistanddrybutthemiddle
andlowerlayerhavetobeverymoisttocreateahurricane.
5. Whatisneededtocreateatropicaldepressionintheocean?Warmoceanwaters(ofatleast26.5C
[80F])throughoutasufficientdepth.