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CBT

ibt

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America history


1
19 20

daily food

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1880 1890
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2

tunnellight tunnel
2
park World Trade Centre
impair diminish
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New York19 NY
NY
Britain Chicago Brooklyn British
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city

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1
19
xxx xxx ooo institutecatalyst
-- fair

fair negative effect


2

conference
building
4

..

Frederick
. XXX XXX

Columbia XX fair
fair fair ..
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1 loan money to the people to buy the house in the suburban area
2 highway downtown
mall downtown
depreciate

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1920

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urban plan

financial assistanceif the pollution situation cannot


be improved communityapartmentshopping center
community use car
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Washington D.C.
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1
car

LA
NY N 10 5

Q1
Q2NY
Q3
4

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Q4rateto=classified
Q5peak=maximum peak=in the middle of the largest strengthen
2
automobile

automobile
3
,

rush hour
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2
city pattern pattern
Chicago Chicago " "
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redevelopment decaying
18xx house of act

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Urban renewal
5

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Kentucky P

2
renew artists

loan
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1
urban rural community urban
club warm
rural rural
separation
2
rural sense of community urban
suburban
suburban
3
community rural community
residence variety
4

ancient Rome City suburb


6

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community
share
share
community
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neighborhood communication 18
neighborhood 19
19

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community
1
community
2
community group marriages
community maybeor

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New England colony
more farm worker reason
reason aspect sister
brother size

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1
7

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18 family family
family family school Family

Family Family infirm infirm= weak


2
Family provide
education common school
craftsman Family
idle
welfare insititue
orphanage

the dwelling of the first frontier in north America home dwelling


home family
*************************************************************************************


1
from rural to urban rural

2 lent legitimacy to reformers 3



2

1
2
3
Q
QOther members include Ans
Q Ans cause of advanced rural reconstruction movements
Q urban American rural American cousin AnsUrban American and rural
American can be compared
8

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Q Ans
Q Ans

Qmigration=movement
Qflourish=prosper
Qrevival= restoration
Qlegitimacy=authority
3
rural people move to city rural
cousin city city cousin 2
special school
4
commission
commission members the head of the commission
outsider outsider
5

()
(legitimacy)
()1. 2. 3.

()
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Main-Street
1
Main Street 6 30

team teamTexas team


building business businessassert=
2
Main-StreetA
A

counsel
9

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as well as
3

business new
business counsel=advises manager
counsel hamper
4
3
manager committeemanager

5
Main Street
30
manager **
**
6

counsel = advise xx
asset=advantage

Texas Texas

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Workers Movement

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10

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suffrage pioniorSusan Elizabeth
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1
water consume legislation in us
2
river

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M

A M A

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Bold Eagle
Bold Eagle

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family
common school family

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Socialization and education


11

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formal education
afford

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1
1900 public library funding 1900 public library civial
improvement orgnazitions public library

2
19 public library public library funding
funding library
share
3

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1

except they=young people


resources
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12

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album quilt
1
special occasion occasion
achievement event
history record
history quilt
2
album quilt album quilts party
album quilt album quilts
special occasion like
a bribebribe album quilt
history record endeavor is undertaken
decision is uncertainthe necessity is determinedthe task is performed
3
album quilt 19 album quilt

endeavor is undertaken
receiptor ink

4
album quilt

occasions=events
5
quilts teamwork
done by individual

6
album quilt 19 album quilt

13

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endeavor is undertaken endeavor
decision is uncertainthe necessity is determinedthe task is performed
necessity is determined endeavor
receiptor
ink
donor
7
quilt quilt quilt
QQ
8
QUILT YOUNG MAN MOVE AWAY
9
17 A B
A
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1
colonial settlers household
settler
; settler

2
Regional

##

3
modify circumstance
14

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dynamism factor
log Europeans corn
corn

imported
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decoration
rural
motif

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1
doll home-made
doll

2
18

+head

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Weather Vane
1
vane vane

vane
vane except what ans pig [2] xx
xx xx
4 xx xx
xx
xx xx
15

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2
weather vane weather
vane
3

Q
Q
Q A
4
18xx

Q18xx
Qstylized realistic
Qutilitarian practical
Q
Q
Q A
Qenthusiasm
5
jj except pig
vane maker eagle
roosterhorse eagle beginning maker
rooster
pig eagle

1
2**
3
6
folk art
weather X

16

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art
<>
*************************************************************************************


FAIRS 1836
1964NEW YORK CITY

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1

landscape

2
show

3

railroad built to reach remote mountain lake
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1
leisure 1970 1.5 million
urban planer

2
football
golf

3
17

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leisure time
sport
leisure time
leisure time **
5 5

4
impact leisure time
leisure activities impact

Urban planners
and city majors talent people

5
19XX


6
leisure time football game
14 leisure activities impac

..

Urban planners and city majors talent people

Q1... ans
--- impact..
Q2 football game ans

Q3 urban planners and city majors ans talent people


7
,,
:,
(:a.
-ans: b. ?-ans:
)
,,(:leisure institutions
18

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planner ?-ans: well-skilled ).


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FDA
FDA FDA 19

blablabla
*************************************************************************************

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1983-194x infer
scope=extent

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;
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England New England farming

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19

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112 400 1893

20

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1791 L`Enfant

19101935

20 30

21

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(City beautiful movement)


the White City movement
(Green movement)

1970
(Roseland, 1997)
(Capra and Spretnak, 1984; Tokar, 1987)
(Roseland, 1997)

22

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(IUCN, 1980)
(WCED, 1987:43)Newman (1999)

(Shafer et
al., 2000)

1970
Haughton(1997:189 ; 1999:1891)
(light green)
(deep green)

(compact city)
(healthy
city)(green city)(eco-city)
() (compact city)
Lynch(1961)(sprawl)(galaxy)
(compact)(star)(ring)(compact city)
(green belt)


(1)(2)(3)(4)
(5)(6)(7)(8)
(9) (Breheny, 1997:209)
(Thinh et al., 2002)
(Williams et al., 2001)
() (Healthy city)
1980 (WHO 1984, 1988, 1997)(Healthy City)

(Werna et al., 1996)(Rio Declaration)


(WHO)

(Aicher, 1998)

(Werna et al., 1996)

(RIVM, 2000)
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(Kamp et al., 2003)


() (Green city)
Beatley (2000:5)
(1)

(2) (3)
()(4)

(5) ()(6)
(Beatley, 2000:6-8)

(Beatley, 2000)

() (Eco-city)

1975 Richard Register (rebuild


cities in balance with nature)
(Urban Ecology)

(Community Economic Development Center at Simon Fraser


University, 1996)

(Lawrence, 2001)

(Sale, 1985)

30 (1)

(2)
(3) (4)
(5)
24

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(6) (7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(Urban Ecology, 1996; Roseland, 1997:197)

( 1)
1

( ) ( )
. .
(
)

()









(Roseland, 1997:197); (Beatley,2000); (Harpham et al.,1996;
Kamp et al.,2003:13); (Planning Guidance Note PPG13[DOE] UK, 1994; Breheny, 1997)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

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19

25

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19 ...
..
19 ..
1885
188918941907
19 90 .
1891

.1901
.1893

.
. 19
.

19 30 19
.19
..

26

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10 1876
19 .
...

..
..
.
...
..
.

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1The Melting Pot

2Yuppies and Yuffies


Hippies

3Uncle Sam
Uncle Sam U.S.
?1812
Samuel
Wilson,17761854Uncle Sam U.S.
U.S.
27

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19 30

4Black Friday
Good Friday1987 10 19
10 19
1929 10 28
6043
5000 5000

5Motel=Motor+Hotel
60

70

6Major Newspapers and Journals in the U.S.


Newspapers
1New York Times: 1851
Sulzberger
80 60 100 140
300
2

Washington Post: 1977


Graham
300 50
70
3

Los Angeles Times:


1881
100
4

The Wall Street Journal: 1889


Dow Jones 140

5Daily News: 1919


28

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Periodicals:
1

Time: 1923

300
2Newsweek: 1933
300
3Reader

s Digest: 1922

15 39 3000

4U.S. News and World Report: 1948

300
7the Ivy League
8 8
1764 Brown1754 Columbia1
769 Dartmouth1865 Cornell
1636 Harvard1740
Pennsylvania1746 Princeton1701
Yale
8the Current American Education System

nursery school
kindergarten
elementary or primary school

high
schooltechnical schoolspecial school
junior high schoolsenior high school

29

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universitycollege

Bachelor s degree
Master s degree
Doctor
s degree

Doctor of PhilosophyPh. D.
11Yellowstone National Park
2000
8900
High WaterfallLow Waterfall
3000 geysers200 Old Faithful
1 40
the Mammoth Hot Spring
71
200

12Grand Canyon National Park


Yellowstone National Park,
ArizonaGreat Canyon of Colorado
170 167

1540 1919

13Mount Rushmore National Memorial


South DakotaBlack Hills
1923 Donne Robison
Gutzon Borglum, 18671941
1925
1927 8 1941 10 14
30

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6 1941 3
100 4 4
George Washington, 17321799Thomas Jefferson,
17431826Abraham Lincoln, 18091865
Theodore Roosevelt, 18581919 18

Golden Gate Bridge; Hoover Dam;


Statue of Liberty, Lyndon B. Johnson Space
Center, Manned Space_Craft Center; Disneyland;
the Gateway of St. Louis
14Liberty Bell

50 1752
100

1876 100

15Dead Valley
225 626
1873 19 80

1849 1933

16Great Lakes
5
Lake SuperiorLake MichiganLake HuronLake Erie
Lake Ontario
24.5 2.3
40
4 100
Niagara Falls
50 300 800

17Westpoint United States Military Academy


50
31

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1802 7
1866
1976 1200
4

5
U.S.Grant,18221885 18 R.E.Lee, 18071870
D.D.Eisenhower, 18901969

18New York

1157 1981 708 20 1625 1664


18
Manhattan; Brooklyn;
Queens; The Bronx; Richmond, StatenIsland
Wall Street,
Broadway
New York Stock Exchange

29
Associated PressAPUnited Press
InternationalUPI 3 American Broadcasting
Companies Inc., ABCColumbia Broadcasting System Inc., CBS
National Broadcasting Inc., NBC

Harlem,

19Manhattan
Hudson River
East River 57.7

avenue,
street
11 300 Madison Avenue,
Broadway Avenue, Park Avenue,
Fifth Avenue

Headquarters of the United NationsUnited Nations Buildings


Empire State BuildingMuseum of
Modern Art
Lincoln Center for Performing Art
32

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20Harlem
110 110th Street 168

C. Van Vecthten, 18801964Blacks'Paradise


21Wall Street
7
1792 the East River
the Hudson River, Wall Street
Morgan
RockefellerE.I. du Pont de Nemo
urs and Company
Stock Exchange
22the Statue of Liberty
Liberty Island, Bedloe's
Island
1886
A.G.Eiffel, 18321923A.
Bartholdi, 18341904

1874 1884
46 19
12 40 1886
10 28 22 G.Cleveland, 18371908
23Long Island
4356
BrooklynQueens
Bronx

24Broadway

33

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25 22 25

Times SquareMadison Square


Wall Street18 Columbia UniveristySt. Paul
Cathedral
80

19
20 20

1980
40

25Hollywood
20
1911
20

60
20

Hollywood Bowl

26Silicon Valley
silicon Si
100

50

1955 1967
4

1965
34

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27Hall of Fame

BasketballHall of Fame

Business Hall
of Fame
Fortune
CountryMusic Hall of
FameGolf Hall of Fame
HorseracingHall of FameSwimmingHall of Fame
28Disneyland

160 1955 18
80 60

29Chinatown
SanFrancisco
16 6.5

30Black Humour
20 60 1956 3
B. J. Friedman, 1930 12

35

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Heller, 1923
Catch_22
Something HappenedK. Vonnegut, 1922
Slaughter_house Five
JailbirdCat's Cradle
Breakfast of ChampionT. Pynchon, 1937
Gravity's RainbowJ. Barth,
1930The End of the Road
The Sot_Weed FactorGiles
Goat_Boy

31The Black Mountain Poets


20 50 Black Mountain
College
1933 1956
Black Mountain ReviewC. Olson, 19101970R. Duncan, 1919
R. Creeley, 1926
1950
ProjectiveVerse

36

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E. Pound, 18851972W. C.
Williams, 18831963
50
32Confessional Poetry
20 5060 R. Lowell,
19171977

60

For the Union Dead


A. Sexton, 19281974Live or DieJ. Berryman,
19141972The DreamSongs
33Nobel Prize for Literature

A. Nobel, 18331896
920 20 1901
12 10

34Pulitzer Prize
37

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J. Pulitzer, 18471911

5 1943
1962

35Oscar
Academy Award
1921 1
5
C. GibbonsG.
Stanley
13.5
1931 M. Herrick

2
3000 4
20

3620 The 20th Century Fox Film Corporation


1935 20 W
1927

DF 21 1953 20
2.51
1956 1958
37Davis Cup

1900 12

38

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38Hamburger
19 50 20

30%

39Cocktail Party

40Nicknames for States and Some Cities in the U.S.


50


Arkansas: Wonder StateLand of Opportunity
Alaska: Land of Midnight Sunthe Last Fron
tierPeninsula State
Idaho: Spud StatePanhandle StateGem State
Gem of the Mountain
North Dakota: Flickertail StateOld Colony State
Sioux State
North Carolina: the Old North StateTar Heel Sta
te
Pennsylvania: Keystone State
Texas: Lone Star State
Ohio: Buckeye State
39

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Oklahoma: Sooner State


Oregon: Beaver State
Florida: Sunshine State
Vermont: Green Mountain State
Virginia: Mother of PresidentsCavalier State
the Old Dominion State
Wyoming: Equality State
Washington: Chinook StateEvergreen State
California: Golden State
Kansas: Wheat StateJayhawk StateSunflow
er State
Connecticut: Land of Steady HabitsConstitution State
Nutmeg State
Colorado: Centennial StateSilver State
Kentucky: Bluegrass State
Louisiana: Creole StateSugar StatePelican
State
Phode Island: Little Rhody
Maryland: Old Line StateFree State
Massachusetts: Old Colony StateBay State
Montana: Treasure State
Mountain State
Missouri: Show-Me State
Mississippi: Magnolia State
Michigan: Wolverine State
Maine: Pine Tree State
Minnesota: North Star StateLand of 10000 Lakes
Gopher State
40

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South Dakota: Coyote StateSunshine State


South Carolina: Palmetto State
Nebraska: Beef State
Cornhusker State
Nevada: Battle-Born StateSagebrush StateSil
ver State
New York: Empire State
Delaware: Blue Hen State
First StateDiamond St
ate
Tennessee: Volunteer State
Utah: Beehive State
Wisconsin: Badger State
West Virginia: Mountain State
Hawaii: Paradise of PacificAloha State
New Hampshire: Granite State
New Mexico: Land of EnchantmentCactus State
New Jersey: Garden State
Alabama: Cotton State
Yellow Hammer State
Heart of Dixie
Arizona: Great Canyon StateSunset State
Iowa: Hawkeye State
Illinois: Land of Lin colnPrairie State
Indiana: Hoosier State
Georgia: Empire State of the SouthPeach State

Allentown: Cement City


Arkron: Rubber Capital of the WorldTyre City
41

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Birmingham: Pittsburgh of the South


Boston: BeantownHub of the Universe
Buffalo: Bison City
Charleston: Palmetto City
Chicago: Windy City
Dallas: D Big D
Denver: Mile High City
Detroit: Motor City; Motown
Hartford: Insurance City
Hershey: Chocolate Capital of the World
Hilo: Orchid Capital
Hollywood: Film Capital of the World
Indianapolis: Railway City
Kalamazoo: Celery City
Ketchikan: World of Totems
Lexington: Birthplace of American Liberty
Minneapolis_St. Paul: Twin Cities
Mobile: Gulf City
Nashville: Music City
New Orleans: Crescent City
New York: Big Apple
Old Town: Canoe City
Paterson: Silk City
Philadelphia: City of Brotherly Love
Pittsburgh: Steel City
42

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Reading: Pretzel City


San Francisco: City by the Golden Gate
St. Louis: Gateway to the West
Suffolk: Peanut City
Toledo: Grass Capital of the World
Youngstown: Steel Valley

43

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