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# 30 Min Culvert Design

Jered Carpenter

Design Steps

Step 1)

Step
Step
Step
Step
Step
Step

2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

## Gather hydrological & site

specific data
Assume culvert size
Find headwater depth for trial size
Try another size
Compute outlet velocity
Determine Invert Protection
Document selection

Culvert Location

## Invert In El. = 564.9

Invert Out El. = 564.5
Pipe Length = 75
Slope = -0.5%

## Calculate Tail Water, TW

2.5 btm, class 50 rip-rap lined FBD with 2:1 side slopes @
outlet
Mannings Equation for discharge

Q = (1.486/n)*A*R2/3S1/2
Q as a function of depth, I get
the following results when
d=1.7 ft:
15.0 cfs = (1.486/0.07)*10.03ft2*0.99ft2/30.051/2

TW = 1.7

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

Rational
52 Ac

-0.5%
Trapezoid

564.9
75
564.5

50
100

14.9
16.4

1.7
1.8

From Nomograph,
HW/D = 3

## HW depth w/ inlet control

approx. 569.4 ft., which
is too high

From Nomograph,
HW/D = 1.2

## HW depth w/ inlet control

approx. 566.7 ft., which
is OK.

good so far

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

Rational
52 Ac

-0.5%
Trapezoid

564.9
75
564.5

50
100

14.9
16.4

1.7
1.8

## CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0

CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4
2.4 567.3

Step 3
Continued
Check for outlet control
Need to calculate H, total outlet

## Outlet control nomographs can

be used if outlet crown is
submerged.
(TW>Top of Pipe @ Outlet)
TW @1.7 < D @ 2 , so I will not
use the nomograph

Step 3 Continued

## Alternatively, H can be calculated by

following the steps on the culvert design
sheet
Calculate critical depth, dc

## Critical depth = 1.4 (from graph located in

Chapter 8, appendix B)

Step 3 Continued

## Following Steps 4 thru 5 on the culvert

design sheet:
(dc+D)/2 = (1.4+2)/2 = 1.7
ho = TW or (dc+D)/2 , whichever is
greater
TW @ 1.7 = (dc+D)/2 @ 1.7 ,use 1.7

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

Rational
52 Ac

-0.5%
Trapezoid

564.9
75
564.5

50
100

14.9
16.4

1.7
1.8

## CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0

CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4
2.4 567.3 1.7

1.4 1.7

1.7

Step 3 Continued

## Calculate Energy losses, H for the

culvert From the culvert design sheet:
H = (1+ke+(29*n2*L/R1.33))*(V2/2g)
Ke = .7 (from table 9-3, mitered to slope)
n = .024 (from table 8-A-2)
L = 75
Use values of V and R under full flow (d=2)
R = 0.5
V = 4.74 ft/s (Average Velocity)

H = 1.52

Step 3) Continued

## Step 4) Try Another Size

24 pipe is acceptable.
Remainder of the Culvert design sheet is
completed.

## Previously calculated value.

Determine if channel protection is
required following the guidance in
Chapter 11 of the hydraulics manual.

## Follow guidance in Chapter 5 of the

hydraulics manual to determine if &
what type of invert protection is
required.

## Step 7) Document Selection

Key #15186 Del Rio

DR 92+15

Jered Carpenter

11 Feb 08

1 of 1

Rational
52 Ac

-0.5%
Trapezoid

564.9
75
564.5

50
100

14.9
16.4

1.7
1.8

## CMP-Circ.-18-Mitered 14.9 3.0

CMP-Circ.-24-Mitered 14.9 1.2

4.2 569.4
2.4 567.3 1.7

1.4

1.7

## 1.7 1.7 1.7 567.9 567.9 4.74

Outlet Control

Trap. Channel:
W=2.5
2:1 side slopes
N= .07 (class 50 rip rap)
S=0.5%
Dc=1.7
24
Metal

Circ.
0.024

Mitered