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Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh

CLASS TEST-I ECE - IV


Optical Fiber Communication (TEC-701)
MM: 30
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.

TIME: 1:30 Hr.

Q1: Attempt any three questions:


a) Define Acceptance Angle for a fiber. Prove that the NA of a fiber is independent of
the core diameter.
b) Define the quantum efficiency and responsivity of a p-n detector. How are the two related to each
others?
c) What is the necessity of cladding for an optical fiber?
d) What are the main components of fiber optics communication system? Explain them in

detail.

Q2: A step index fiber in air has a numerical aperture of 0.16, a core refractive index of 1.45 and a core
diameter of 60m. Determine the normalized frequency for the fiber when light a wavelength of 0.9 m is
transmitted. Further, estimate the number of guided modes propagating in the fiber.
Q3: What is Einesteins relation, derive the expression for it. What is population inversion why it is needed
for emission of optical sources?
Q4: Describe Avalanche photodiode. How it provide the gain? Give merit and demerits of Avalanche
photodiode
Q5: Write short notes on
a) Spontaneous emission
b) Stimulated emission
c) Absorption
___________________________________________________________________________

Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh

CLASS TEST-I ECE - IV


Wireless Communication System (TEC-702)
MM: 30
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.

TIME: 1:30 Hr.

Q1: Attempt any three questions:


a) Explain the various types of wireless services.
b) Explain in detail, the factors that influence small scale fading.
c) Explain spectrum limitation.
d) What are paging systems? Explain
Q2: Explain the structure of a wireless communication link.
Q3: Explain with neat signal diagrams, the modulation and demodulation techniques of QPSK.
Q4: What is the concept of frequency reuse in wireless systems?
Q5: Write short notes on
a) FDMA
b) TDMA
c) CDMA
___________________________________________________________________________

Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh


CLASS TEST-I ECE - IV
Wireless Communication System (TEC-702)
MM: 30
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.

TIME: 1:30 Hr.

Q1: Attempt any three questions:


a) Explain the various types of wireless services.
b) Explain in detail, the factors that influence small scale fading.
c) Explain spectrum limitation.
d) What are paging systems? Explain
Q2: Explain the structure of a wireless communication link.
Q3: Explain with neat signal diagrams, the modulation and demodulation techniques of QPSK.
Q4: What is the concept of frequency reuse in wireless systems?
Q5: Write short notes on
a) FDMA
b) TDMA
c) CDMA
___________________________________________________________________________

Nanhi Pari Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh

CLASS TEST-II ECE - IV


Optical Fiber Communication (TEC-701)
MM: 30
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.
Q1:

TIME: 1:30 Hr.

Write short notes on any two:

a) Non linear effects on network performance


b) Passive optical components.
c) SONET/SDH transmission format and optical interferences
Q2: Distinguish between WDM and DWDM. What are the possible applications of fiber Bragg grating?
Q3: An InGaAs p-i-n photodiode is operating at room temperature at a wavelength of 1.3 m. its quantum

Q4:
Q5:

Efficiency is 70 % and the incident optical power is 500 nW. Assume that the primary dark current Id
of the Device is 5 nA, RL is 1 k and th effective bandwidth is 25 MHz Calculate (i) rms values of
shot noise current, Dark current and thermal noise current and (ii) SNR at the input end of an
amplifier of the receiver.
Distinguish between the amplification process in (i) erbium doped fiber amplifier and (ii) fiber
Raman Amplifier.
How to calculate the BER for shot noise and Thermal noise dominated optical receiver Systems?

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Nanhi Pari Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh


CLASS TEST-II ECE - IV
Optical Fiber Communication (TEC-701)
MM: 30
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.
Q1:

TIME: 1:30 Hr.

Write short notes on any two:

a) Non linear effects on network performance


b) Passive optical components.
c) SONET/SDH transmission format and optical interferences
Q2: Distinguish between WDM and DWDM. What are the possible applications of fiber Bragg grating?
Q3: An InGaAs p-i-n photodiode is operating at room temperature at a wavelength of 1.3 m. its quantum

Q4:
Q5:

Efficiency is 70 % and the incident optical power is 500 nW. Assume that the primary dark current Id
of the Device is 5 nA, RL is 1 k and th effective bandwidth is 25 MHz Calculate (i) rms values of
shot noise current, Dark current and thermal noise current and (ii) SNR at the input end of an
amplifier of the receiver.
Distinguish between the amplification process in (i) erbium doped fiber amplifier and (ii) fiber
Raman Amplifier.
How to calculate the BER for shot noise and Thermal noise dominated optical receiver Systems?

_______________________________________________________________________________________

Nanhi Pari Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh


CLASS TEST-II ECE - IV
Wireless Communication System (TEC-702)
MM: 30
TIME: 1:30 Hr.
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.
Q1: Attempt any three questions:
a) Justify that cellular communication increases the spectral efficiency but spectral efficiency
also depends upon the cluster size.
b) Give the classification of equalizers. Also explain Linear Equalizers.
c) Explain the three basic propagation mechanisms in a mobile communication system.
d) Explain two ray model propagation mechanism in detail.
Q2: Explain how Diversity techniques help the wireless communications systems to improve its
performance over a fading radio channel.
Q3: A satellite link is established between an earth station and a satellite transponder for the RF
frequency of 4 GHz. For the earth station transmitter, the transmitted power is 1 kW, and the
transmitter and reliever antenna gains are 0(zero) dB. The free space distance is 30,000 m. Find out
the received power at the transponder. Assume L = 1. A transmitter produces 50 W powers. Express
the same power in units of (a) dBm, and (b) dBW. If this 50 W is applied to a unity gain antenna with
a 900 MHz carrier frequency, find the received power in dBm at a free space distance of 100 m from
the antenna.
Q4: How can you reduce co-channel interference and increase the system capacity?
Q5: Write short notes on any two:
a) Polarization diversity
b) Frequency diversity
c)Channel coding
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Nanhi Pari Seemant Institute of Technology Pithoragarh


CLASS TEST-II ECE - IV
Wireless Communication System (TEC-702)
MM: 30
TIME: 1:30 Hr.
NOTE: Attempt any three questions Q. No. 1 is compulsory.
Q1: Attempt any three questions:
e) Justify that cellular communication increases the spectral efficiency but spectral efficiency
also depends upon the cluster size.
f) Give the classification of equalizers. Also explain Linear Equalizers.
g) Explain the three basic propagation mechanisms in a mobile communication system.
h) Explain two ray model propagation mechanism in detail.
Q2: Explain how Diversity techniques help the wireless communications systems to improve its
performance over a fading radio channel.
Q3: A satellite link is established between an earth station and a satellite transponder for the RF
frequency of 4 GHz. For the earth station transmitter, the transmitted power is 1 kW, and the
transmitter and reliever antenna gains are 0(zero) dB. The free space distance is 30,000 m. Find out
the received power at the transponder. Assume L = 1. A transmitter produces 50 W powers. Express
the same power in units of (a) dBm, and (b) dBW. If this 50 W is applied to a unity gain antenna with

Q4:
Q5:

a 900 MHz carrier frequency, find the received power in dBm at a free space distance of 100 m from
the antenna.
How can you reduce co-channel interference and increase the system capacity?
Write short notes on any two:
b) Polarization diversity
b) Frequency diversity
c)Channel coding