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Cairo Oil Refining Co.


  
 

   

Subsidery of Egyotian Gen. Petroleum Corp.

P.O. Box : Heliopolis 11757 Cairo A.R.E.

    :..

Tel. : (+2) 02 - 2529821 (5 Lines)

(# ) - :% 

Fax : (+2) 02 - 2529826

- :&

corc2000@excite.com:'( 


E-mail : corc2000@excite.com

Pressure Vessel

DESIGN CALCULATIONS
Code :
Code Stamp :
Client :
Project :
Location :
Item No. :
Serial No. :
Title :
Service :
Job No. :
Dwg. No. :

ASME Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002


U
Amerya Petroleum Refining Co. (APRC)
Design & Fabrication of Debutanizer Reflux Reliever Drum
Alexandria, EGYPT
1-D-5
7434-33-U-2006
Horizontal Pressure Vessel
Deputanizer Reflux Reliever Drum
7434-33
7434-33-3A, Rev. 1

Vessel ID
Tangent-to-Tangent Length
Vessel Wall Thickness
MAWP
Design Temperature
MDMT

1556
4820
22
18
65
-12

MM
MM
MM
Kg/CM2G
o
C
o
C

Vessel capacity
Weight of vessel empty (erection weight), W
Weight of test liquid (water), Wc
Total test weight (weight of vessel and test liquid), Wt
Number of saddles

10.1518
7428
10152
17580
2

M3
Kg
Kg
Kg
Saddles

By

Eng. Abdel Halim Galala


Design Sector Manager (assist.)

 +

Design Sector
Page : 1 of 126

Sheet 1 of 2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 2 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006

Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1

Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum

Item No. : 1-D-5

Client : APRC

Capacity : 10.152 M3

Type : Horizontal

A. Title (cont.)

DESIGN CALCULATIONS
Code :
ASME Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Client :
Amerya Petroleum Refining Co. (APRC)
Project :
Design & Fabrication of Debutanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Location : Alexandria, EGYPT
Item No. : 1-D-5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Title :
Horizontal Pressure Vessel
Service : Debutanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Job No. : 7434-33
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1

3
2
1

Issued for approval

Issued for comments

18.2.2004
6.4.2003
Designed by

Rev.

Description

Date

6.4.2003
Reviewed by
Date

Revision Table
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A

Rev. : 1

6.4.2003
Approved by
Date

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL


According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Page : 3 of 126
Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

B. Copyright.

Copyright 2004 by
CORC
A.H.Galala, the Design Manager, on behalf of
Cairo Oil Refining Co. (CORC)
All right reserved.

1st. date of issue - April 6th., 2003

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


electronic retrieveal system or any otherwise without the
prior written permission of Designer.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 4 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

C. Revision Description.
This page is a record of all revisions of the document, and the
following revision(s) has (have) been made to this document.

Rev.
0
1

Date
6.4.2003
18.2.2004

Sheet
No.
all
all

Revision Description
Issued for comments
Issued for approval

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 5 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

D. Contents.

L. Check of Ellipsoidal Head Thickness for External Pressure (Convex Side), FV.

Page
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M. Nozzle Neck thicknesses & Nozzle Openings Compensation :


Thk., MM
N11
1-1/2"
M1
300#
WNRF
Sch. XXS
10.16
N8
24"
M2
300#
WNRF
Sch. 30
14.27
Leg
20"
M3
Sch. 30
12.7
N1
8"
M4
300#
WNRF
Sch. 60
12.7
Integral Type Flange (Blind) N1 8" 300# Thickness Calculation
N1
6"
M5
300#
WNRF
Sch. 80
10.97
N2
6"
M6
300#
WNRF
Sch. 80
10.97
N9
4"
M7
300#
WNRF
Sch. 120
11.13
N18
3"
M8
300#
WNRF
Sch. 160
8.74
N3,N4&N7
2"
M9
300#
WNRF
Sch. XXS
10.16
1-1/2"
M10 N6&N17
300#
WNRF
Sch. XXS
9.09
1"
M11 N16
300#
WNRF
Sch. XXS
10.16
M12 N5A,N5B&N12 1-1/2" 300#
WNRF
Sch. XXS
10.16
M13 N10A& N10B 1/2"
300#
WNRF
Sch. XXS
7.47

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N. Design of Saddle Supports.


O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test.
P. Radiography.
Q. Hydrostatic Test Pressure.
R. Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT).
S. Vessel Weight Calculation.
T. Sresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports.
U. Check of the Anchor Bolts Due to Seismic and Wind Loading.
V. Lifting Lugs Thickness Calculations.
W. Mesh Pad (Demister) Calculations.
X. References.

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: 126 of 126

Description
A. Title.
B. Copyright.
C. Revision Description.
D. Contents.
E. Applicable Loading Considered in Design.
F. Impact Test Requirements.
G. Standarad ASME B16.5 Flange Rating Class.
H. Cylindrical Shell Thickness.
I. Check of Cylindrical Shell Thickness for External Pressure, FV.
J. Ellipsoidal Head Thickness Under Internal Pressure.
K. Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New/cold & Operating/corroded).

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 6 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 1
Page : 2 of 126

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

E. Applicable Loading Considered in Design.

[UG-22 & UG-98]

I. By considering UG-22 :
1. The loadings to be considered in design of vessel shall include the following :
a. Internal design pressure (see item II below).
b. Weight of the vessel and contents under test conditions.
c. Attachment of vessel supports such as lifting lugs and saddles.
2. No expected effect for superimposed static reactions such as piping.
There is no attached equipment such as motors, machinery, other vessels,
lining and insulation.
3. The effect of the following loadings is considered negligible and/or not applicable :
a. Cyclic and dynamic reactions due to pressure for thermal variations.
b. Wind, snow, and seismic reactions.
c. Impact reactions due to fluid chock.
d. Temperature gradients and differential thermal expansion.
II. By considering UG-21 & UG-98 :
The max. allowable working pressure for a vessel part is the max.internal
pressure at the highest point of vessel.
Since the vessel is intended to be erected horizontaly, the static head
equals almost the ID and the hight of leg :
16
18
0

Kg/cm2G
Kg/cm2G
Kg/cm2G

1556
694
894

MM
MM
MM

2.21023 PSIG
3.19602 PSIG
3.48011 PSIG

0.1556
0.225
0.245

Kg/cm2G
Kg/cm2G
Kg/cm2G

257.892 PSIG
258.878 PSIG
259.162 PSIG

2
18.1556 Kg/cm G
2
18.225 Kg/cm G
2
18.245 Kg/cm G

Max. Operating Pressure


Internal design pressure, P (MAWP) (at highest point of vessel)
External design pressure, Pex

227.3
257
0

PSIG
PSIG
PSIG

Vessel ID
Max. leg height = 12 + 12 + 503 + 2 + 165
Max. height of drain N4 = 12 + 12 + 502 + 2 + 165 + 200

61.2598 INCH
27.3228 INCH
35.1969 INCH

Water sp. gr.


Fluid sp. gr.at 15 oC

1
0.5

Max. hydrostatic head at internal bottom of vessel


Max. hydrostatic head at bottom of leg
Max. hydrostatic head at drain N4
Max. pressure for calculation at internal bottom of vessel
Max. pressure for calculation at bottom of leg
Max. pressure for calculation at outlet drain N4

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 7 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

F. Impact Test Requirements.


Impact test is not mandatory for the following pressure vessels materials :
I. Pressure Parts.
a. Main Vessel Components :
a. Shell :
b Heads :
c. Flanges :
d. Nozzle Necks :
e. Fittings, Tees :

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA516 Grade 70
ASME SA 105
ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA 234 Grade WPB

b. Stud Bolts & Nuts :


f. Stud Boltshell
g. Nuts

ASME SA 193 Grade B7


ASME SA 194 Grade 2H

II. Non-Pressure Parts.


a. Saddle plate :
b. Lifting lugs & Pads :

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA516 Grade 70

Thickness of vessel components :


- Shell & Heads
ASME SA516 Grade 70
- Max. Nozzle Necks Thk.
ASME SA 106 Grade B

[UG-22 & UG-98]

P-No. Group No.


1
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1

UNS No. G41400

1
1

Curve
D
D
B
B
B

[Size < 2-1/2"]

2
2

0.9
INCH
0.56181 INCH

D
D

22
14.27

o
Where the MDMT is
F
10
-12
in accordance with UG-20(f), UCS-66 and FIG. UCS-66, no impact test is required.
Please refer pages from
Page : 97 of 126

MM
MM

Impct Test is not required as per Code,


but is required as a client request.
G. Standard ASME Flange Rating Class.
1. Standard ASME B16.5 welded neck flanges shall be used.
2. For standard flange, Carbon Steel material in accordance
with ASME SA105, P-No. 1, Group No. 2, and for MAWP 255.682 PSIG
o
F
and Design temp.
149
The rating of flanges shall be 150# class, which satisfys the requirements of
Table 2 of ASME B16.5-1996.
3. As a client request, the rating shall be
300#

18
65

Kg/CM2G
o

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL


According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Page : 8 of 126
Sheet : 1 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

H. Cylindrical Shell Thickness Under Internal Pressure

[UG-27(c)]

Shell material, Killed Carbon Steel,

ASME SA516 Grade 70


Normalized & Notch Toughness Tested

Shell material Specifications [Table 1A, Suppart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]
P-No.
Group No.
External Pressure Chart No.

1
2
CS-2

Vessel Inside Diameter, D


Shell Inside Diameter, D
Shell Inside Radius, Ri
Shell length from Tangent-to-Tangent (T/T), L

61.2598
61.2598
30.6299
189.764

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

1556
1556
778
4820

MM
MM
MM
MM

Max. Design Temperature


Min. Design Metal Temperature, MDMT
Max. Operating Temperature

149
10
122

65
-12
50

Max. Operating Pressure


Max. Internal Design Pressure, P (MAWP)
External Design Pressure (Full Vacuum)

227.273 PSIG
255.682 PSIG
0
PSIG

16
18
0

Kg/CM2G

Shell Inside Diameter, D


Shell Inside Radius, R
Static Head = Vessel Diameter
Static Head Pressure (water head x sp. gr. 1.0)
Internal Design Pressure at bottom of vessel,

61.26
30.63

MM
MM
M

2.216
PSIG
257.898 PSIG

1556
778
1.556
0.156
18.156

Max. Allowable Stress @ Design Temp.(65 oC), S


Max. Allowable Stress @ Test Temp.(40 oC), St

20000
20000

PSIG
PSIG

1408
1408

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]


Hydrostatic Test Pressure, Ph = 1.3 x MAWP x (St/S)
[UG-99(b)]

332.386 PSIG

23.4

Kg/CM2G

Hydrostatic Test Pressure, Ph = 1.5 x MAWP x (St/S)

383.523 PSIG

27

Kg/CM2G

0.236
0.85
15%

MM

Corrosion Allowance, C
Joint Efficiency, E
[Spot Radiography],

Not Applicable

[Client request]

[UG-25]
[TABLE UW-12]
[Table UCS-57]

F
F
o
F
o

INCH
INCH

INCH

C
C
o
C
o

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 9 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

H. Cylinderical Shell Thickness Under Internal Pressure (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-27(c)]

Value of 0.385 SE
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Since P does not exceed 0.385 SE, Use Thin Wall Equation:
[1] Min. Wall Thickness for Longitudinal Joints,
t1 = PR / (SE - 0.6P)
[UG-27(c)(1)]

6545

PSIG

460.768

Kg/CM2G

0.469

INCH

11.913

MM

[UG-27(c)(1)]
Value of 1.25 SE
Since P does not exceed 1.25 SE, Use Thin Wall Equation:
[2] Min. Wall Thickness for Circumferential Joints,
t2 = PR / (2SE + 0.4P)
[UG-27(c)(2)]

21250

PSIG

1496

Kg/CM2G

0.232

INCH

5.893

MM

The min. wall thickness shall be the greater of t1 or t2


By Adding Corrosion Allowance to Wall Tickness, t
Use Thickness of Construction, t (Adopted thickness)
Corroded Thickness = Adopted thk. - Corrosion allowance

0.469
0.705
0.866
0.63

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

11.913
17.907
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

In case of using shell fab. from pipe '20" Pipe nominal thickness, t (Sch.40)

0.472440945

INCH

12

MM

20" Pipe nominal thickness under tolerance tn = t - 0.125 t

0.472440945

INCH

12

MM

20" Pipe Corroded Thickness = tn - Corrosion allow ance

0.236440945

INCH

MM

Using 20" pipe sch. 40 is

OK

0.458

INCH

11.633

MM

By using APPENDIX 1-1 (In terms of the Outside Diameter) :

tm = P Ro / (SE + 0.4 P)

Thickness adjusted for w all thickness tolerance :

0.523

INCH

13.284

MM

By Adding Corrosion Allow ance to Wall Tickness, t

t = tm / (100%-12.5%)

0.759

INCH

19.284

MM

Using 20" pipe w ith commercial w all thickness, sch. 40 is

OK

Ladders and Platforms


Vessel saddle supports
Hot/cold Insulation
Post Weld Heat Treatment, PWHT
Impact Test
Note. Impact test is required as a client request.

N.A.
Yes
Page : 90 of 126
N.A.
Not required per Code
Page : 110 of 126
Per Code
Page : 7 of 126

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 10 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

H. Check of Shell Thickness Under Internal Pressure


[ For horizontal pressure vessels, with supplemental loading ] (vessel weight & hydrostatic liquid content)
[APPENDIX L-2.2.2]
Vessel OD
61.2598 INCH
Vessel Wall Thickness in the Corroded Condition, t
0.63
INCH
Vessel I.D. in the Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
59.9998 INCH
Shell length from Tangent-to-Tangent (T/T), L
189.764 INCH
Shell Length from W.L.- to - W.L, L'
186.614 INCH

Joint Efficiency (Longitudinal Seams), E


Joint Efficiency (Circumferential Seams), E
Weight of Vessel, W
Weight of Contents, Wc
Total Weight of Vessel and Contents, Wt
Assume a Total no. of Saddles
Reaction at each Saddle, Q
Head (Cap) Depth - to - T.L,
[Table 8, ASME B16.9-1993]
Saddle - to - T.L., A
Material to Chart for Compressive Stress,

0.85
0.85
16377.3 lb
22383.2 lb
38760.5 lb
19380.3 lb
15.315 INCH
22.047 INCH

1600
16
1568
4820
4740

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

7428
10152
17580
2
8790
389
560

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
MM
MM

[ FIG.CS-2 CHART, SUBPART 3 , ASME SEC.II , PART D ]

Shell, Ro
N.B. See vessel drawing layout,

* Here three cases must be investigated:


Case 1. Circumferential Stress due to Internal Pressure,
t = PR / ( SE-0.6 P)
[UG-27C(1)]
Case 2. Longitudinal Tensile Strength due to Bending
( at the midpoint between the saddles) must be
added to the longitudinal Stress due to Internal
Pressure.

31.4961 INCH
800
Page : 91 of 126

MM

0.465

MM

INCH

11.811

[ APPENDIX L-2.2.2]

0.238

N.B. Circumferential joint at center of vessel is the point of max. positive moment.
Max. negative moment is at supports but there is no joint there.Other circumferential joint
must be investigated using moment at the joint in calculating the compined stresses.

INCH

6.045

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 11 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

H. Check of Shell Thickness Under Internal Pressure (cont.)


[ For horizontal pressure vessels, with supplemental loading ] (vessel weight & hydrostatic liquid content)
[APPENDIX L-2.2.2]
Case 3 . Longitudinal Compressive Stress due to Bending.

First determine the max. allowable compressive stress :


Factor
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t )
[UG-23(b)]

0.00344

Therefore, B

16000

[SUBPART 3 OF ASME SEC.II, PART D, FIG.CS-2]

PSIG

1126.4

Kg/CM2G

0.229

MM

NOTES:

1. No need to calculate the value of B by equation B = AE / 2 ,


since the value of A falls under the applicable Material/Temp. line.
[ Suppart 3 of ASME Sec.II, Part D, Fig. CS-2]

2. The general equatioin for thickness is the same as for


longitudinal tensile stress except the pressure portion drops
out since the most severe condition occurs when there is no
pressure in the vessel .
3. The joint efficiency for butt-welded joints shall be taken as
unity when investigating longitudinal compression.
[UG-23(b)]

[ APPENDIX L-2.2.2]

Thickness ,

0.00902 INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 12 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

I. Check of Shell Thickness for External Pressure (Full Vacuum)


Design Temperature
For external pressure on cylinder, use UG-28 and Subpart 3.
Determine the effective length of shell without stiffening rings, L

149

65

Shell length from Tangent-to-Tangent (T/T), L1


Internal Height of Elliptical Head 2:1, h = ID/4
Head Wall Thickness, th
Internal Height of Ellipsoidal Head 2:1, ho = h + th
Effective shell length without stiffening, L = L1 + 2/3 ho

189.764
15.315
0.7874
16.1024
200.499

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

4820
389
20
409
5092.667

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Assume t for internal pressure (at corroded condition)


Do = ID + 2 t
L / Do
Do / t

0.62992 INCH
62.7559 INCH
3.1949
99.625 > 10

16
1594

MM
MM

Since Do/t > 10, use UG-28(c)(1)


a. Enter Fig. G with L / Do and read across to sloping line of Do/t
Read factor A

0.00038
387.2

Kg/CM2G

73.6094 PSI

5.1821

Kg/CM2G

15

1.056
OK
2024352
2055680

Kg/CM2G

b. Enter Fig. CS-2 with A (to find factor B), which falls under the curve.
Follow step (6) of UG-28(c)(1), and calculate the value of max. allowable
external working pressure, PA = 4B / 3 (Do / t)
Change t untill PA > 15 PSI (full vacuum)
E = Modulus of elasticity at design temp.
at amp. temp.
Notes.
1. For value of A falling to the left of the material-temp. line, the value
of Pa can be calculated as follows : Pa = 2 A E / 3 (Do /t)
2. For L/Do > 50, use L/Do = 50
For L/Do < 0.05, use L/Do = 0.05
3. For Do/t > 10,
For Do/t < 10,

use UG-28(c)(1)
use UG-28(c)(2)

5500

PSI

PSI

2.9E+07 PSI
2.9E+07 PSI

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 13 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

J. Ellipsoidal Head Thickness Under Internal Pressure

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-32(f)]

Head material, Carbon Steel


Head type
[Seamless]
Head material Specifications [Table 1A, Suppart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]
P-No.
Group No.
External Pressure Chart No.

ASME SA516 Grade 70


Ellipsoidal 2:1

Head ID
Head OD
Head Outside Radius

61.2598 INCH
62.9921 INCH
31.4961 INCH

[ASME B16.5-1996]

1
2
CS-2
1556
1600
800

MM
MM
MM
o

149
10
257.898
227.273
257.898
61.26
30.63
20000
20000

PSIG
PSIG

65
-12
18.156
16
18.156
1556
778
1408
1408

Hydrostatic Test Pressure, Ph = 1.3*MAWP(St/S)

335.27

PSIG

23.603

Kg/CM2G

[UG-25]
Corrosion Allowance, C
Joint Efficiency, E (Seamless & Full Radiography) [TABLE UW-12]

0.23622 INCH
0.85

MM

Outside Diameter of Head, Do


Outside Radius of Head, Ro

62.9921 INCH
31.4961 INCH

1600
800

MM
MM

Value of 0.665 SE
Since the value of 0.66SE > P, Use Thin Wall Equation for
Calculating the Min. required Thickness of Head, t:
t1 = PD / (2SE-0.2P)
[UG-32(d)] (1)

11305

795.872

KG/CM2G

Design Temperature
Min. Design Metal Temperature, MDMT
Max. Allowable Working Pressure, MAWP
Operating Pressure
Internal Design Pressure, P
Head Skirt Inside Diameter, D
Head Inside Radius, L ( ri )
Max. Allowable Stress @ Design Temp.(60 oC), S
Max. Allowable Stress @ Test Temp.(40 oC), St
[TABLE 1A , SUBPART 1 , ASME SEC. II , PART D]
[UG-99(b)]

F
F
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG

INCH
INCH

PSIG

C
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

MM
MM
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

0.46538 INCH

11.82059 MM

11305

795.872

Compare to Thickness of Seamless Spherical Shell :

Ps = 0.665 SE
Since P < Ps, Calculate Thickness for thin Wall Spherical Shell:
t2 = PRo/(2SE+0.8P)
[APPENDIX 1-1] (2)
For thin Wall ellipsoidal 2:1 head :
t = PD/(2SE-0.2P)
[UG-32(d)]

PSIG

KG/CM2G

0.23746 INCH

6.031587 MM

0.46538 INCH

11.82059 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 14 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

J. Ellipsoidal Head Thickness Under Internal Pressure (cont.)

Head Thickness due to Internal Pressure, t = MAX ( t1 , t2)


By adding Corrosion Allowance to Wall Thickness,
Use Thickness of Construction, t (Adopted thickness)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-32(f)]

0.46538 INCH
0.7016 INCH
0.787
INCH

11.82059 MM
17.82059 MM
20
MM

Corroded Thickness = Adopted thk. - Corrosion allowance

0.55118 INCH

14

MM

In case of using '20" Cap nominal thickness, t (Sch. 40)

0.787401575

INCH

20

MM

20" Cap nominal thickness under tolerance tn = t - 0.125 t

0.787401575

INCH

20

MM

20" Cap Corroded Thickness = tn - Corrosion allow ance

0.551181102

INCH

14

MM

Using 20" Cap sch. 80 is

OK

Required Head Thickness :


Head
tr = PD / (2SE - 0.2 P)

0.46538 INCH

11.82059 MM

a. For Shell :
MWP, New & cold (20 MM) P = SE t /(R + 0.6 t)
[UG-27(c)(1)]
MWP, Operating & corroded (14 MM) P = SE t /(R + 0.6 t)

472.622 PSIG
345.395 PSIG

33.273
24.316

b. For Head :
MWP, New & cold (20 MM) P = 2SE t /(D + 0.2 t) [UG-32(d)(1)]
MWP, Operating & corroded (14 MM), P = 2SE t /(D + 0.2 t)

435.675 PSIG
305.362 PSIG
[

30.67149 Kg/CM2G
21.49751 Kg/CM2G

[ t Represents the Min. Thickness after Forming ]

K. Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 15 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

L. Check of Ellipsoidal Head Thickness for External Pressure (Convex Side), (Full Vacuum)
[UG-33(d)]

Assumed corroded thickness of head, t


Outside diameter of the head skirt, Do
The equivalent outside spherical, Ro = Ko Do
[UG-33(b)]
Outside height of the ellipsoidal head (measured from head-bend line), ho
Ratio of the major to the minor axis of ellipsoidal head, Do/2ho

0.55118
62.3622
54.342
16.1024
1.93643

Factor depending on the ellipsoidal head proportions Do/2ho, Ko

0.87139

(use interpolation)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

14
1584
1380.288
409

MM
MM
MM
MM

PSI

668.8

Kg/CM2G

[See Table UG-33.1]

The required thickness of an ellipsoidal head having pressure on the


convex side, either seamless or of built-up construction with butt joints,
shall not be less than that determined by the following procedure :
Step 1. Assume a value for t and calculate the value of factor A
using the following formula :
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)

0.00127

Step 2. Using the value of A calculate in Step 1, follow the same


procedure as that given for spherical shells in UG-28(d),
Step 2 through 6 :
a. Enter Fig. CS-2 with A (to find factor B), which is under the curve, B
Follow step (4) of UG-28(d), and calculate the value of max. allowable
external working pressure, PA = B / (Ro / t)
Change t untill PA > 15 PSI (full vacuum)

9500

96.3567 PSI
0

PSI

Notes.
1. For value of A falling to the left of the material-temp. line, the value
of Pa can be calculated in accordance with Step 5 of UG-28(d), as
follows : Pa = 0.0625 E / (Ro /t)2
E = Modulus of elasticity at design temp.

2.6E+07 PSI

2
6.783514 Kg/CM G

0
OK

Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 16 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M1. Nozzle Mark : N11, 1-1/2"NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF(Located entirely within a centrally located circle of head's leg)
No. of nozzles, n
1
Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation
[UG-27 & Appendix 1-1]
(Cap 20" NPS, Sch. 30)
Determine if the opening and its reinforcement in the ellipsoidal head (cap)
are located entirelly within a centrally located circle which has a diameter
equal to 80% of the shell/leg diameter
[see UG-37(a) & Appendix L-7.6]
0.8 x Shell/leg ID
2d

15.2
INCH
3.34488 INCH

386.08
84.96

MM
MM

Therefore, the required head thickness for reinforcement calculations, tr


are to be determined by the hemispherical head formula using a radius of
K1D
where K1 = 0.9 for 2:1 ellip[soidal head.

0.9

Nozzle Size, NPS


Nozzle Material

1.5
INCH
40
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating [Section G]

259.166 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.2453
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

0.95
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

24.13

MM

MM

0.01431 INCH

0.363508 MM

0.25053 INCH

6.363508 MM

0.28185 INCH

7.158947 MM

0.4

10.16

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material @ Design Temp.(75 oC), Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[APPENDIX 1.1]
[UG-25]

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t


Use Nozzle 1-1/2" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. XXS,

with Thickness 0.4" ( 10.15 MM ).

[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

INCH

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 17 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M1. Nozzle Mark :


N11 1-1/2 300# WNRF (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing

[UG-27 & Appendix 1-1]

Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS


Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

1.5
INCH
XXS
259.166 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell & Head Material


Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA 106 Grade B
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell & Head Thickness


Shell & Head Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell & Head Thickness
Shell & Head Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.5
0.23622
0.5
0.26378

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

12.7
6
12.7
6.7

MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell & Head Outside Diameter, OD
Shell & Head Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell & Head Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R

0.4
0.35
0.23622
0.11378
0.11378
0.47244
1
1
1
1
20
19.4724
9.73622

INCH

10.16
8.89
6
2.89
2.89
12

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

508
494.6
247.3

MM
MM
MM

Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD


Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn
Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

1.9
1.1
0
0.65945
0.28445
1.67244
0.83622

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

48.26
27.94
0
16.75
7.225
42.48
21.24

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

40

DN

18.24529 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 18 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M1. Nozzle Mark :


N11 1-1/2 300# WNRF (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)

[UG-27 & Appendix 1-1]

* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad


[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]
Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk., tn + vessel wall thk., t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2

3.34488 INCH
2.42756 INCH
3.34488 INCH

84.96
61.66
84.96

MM
MM
MM

0.75
0.4
0.47244
0.4
0.25
0.28
0.25

19.05
10.16
12
10.16
6.35
7.112
6.35

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Calculating Size of Fillet Welds :


[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]
* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]
Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 tmin.
tc = lesser of t c1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld
[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of t min.1, t min. 2 & t min.3
1/2 tmin.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(t min./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Head
tr = PK1D / (2SE - 0.2 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.47244
0.5
0.47244
0.23622

19.05
12
12.7
12
6

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.33407 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.5
9

MM
MM

0.13742 INCH
0.01279 INCH

3.490341 MM
0.324866 MM

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 19 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M1. Nozzle Mark :


N11 1-1/2 300# WNRF (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B*. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.24901 INCH

6.324866 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.37364
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
9.490341
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.3631 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

9.222625 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 1-1/2", Sch. std0.145
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.

3.683

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.4
INCH
0.35
INCH
OK

8.38125
10.16
8.89

MM
MM
MM

Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require


a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).
* Since the opening is access/inspection, UG-45(b) is not applicable

[UG-45(b)[

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 20 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M1. Nozzle Mark :


N11 1-1/2 300# WNRF (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-27]

Area of Reinforcement (with Reinforcing Element) :


Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

0.23435 INCH2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.20717 INCH
0.09125 INCH2
0.20717 INCH2

133.6563 MM
58.87124 MM2
133.6563 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.11388 INCH2
0.13071 INCH2
0.11388 INCH2

73.47186 MM2
84.32815 MM2
73.47186 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.1283
0.05534
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

MM2

82.77683
35.70523
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.12555 INCH2

81

MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

0.68262 INCH2

440.4

MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A43 + A5

1.34391 INCH2

867.0381 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

151.195

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 21 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Shee t : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M2. Nozzle Mark : N8 24" NPS, Sch. 30, 300# WNRF (Manhole Located at Shell with Reinforcement)
No. of nozzles, n
1
Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation
[UG-27(c) & Appendix 1-1]
Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

24
INCH
600
ASME SA 106 Grade B

DN

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

12
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

304.8

MM

MM

0.1799

INCH

4.569353 MM

0.41612 INCH

10.56935 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.46813 INCH

11.89052 MM

Use Nozzle 24" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 30,


with Thickness 0.562" (14.27 MM). [Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.562

INCH

14.2748

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (14.275 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (9.49 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.49175
0.25553
712.422
367.258

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

12.49045
6.49045
50.15448
25.85495

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material @ Design Temp.(75 oC), Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[APPENDIX 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 22 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Date : 18.2.2004

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Client : APRC
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M2. Nozzle Mark :


N8 24" Sch. 30, 300# WNRF Manhole (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing

[UG-27(c) & Appendix 1-1]

Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS


Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

24
INCH
30
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness l
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.562
0.49175
0.23622
0.25553
0.25553
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

14.2748
12.49045
6
6.49045
6.49045
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

24
22.876
0
1.5748
0.63882
23.4889
11.7445

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

609.6
581.0504
0
40
16.22613
596.6191
298.3096

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

ess Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

600

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 23 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M2. Nozzle Mark :


N8 24" Sch. 30, 300# WNRF Manhole (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used) [UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
Calculating Siz of Fillet Welds :
[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]
* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]
Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld
[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 tmin.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
Shell
Nozzle

46.9779 INCH
25.2598 INCH
46.9779 INCH

1193.238 MM
641.6
MM
1193.238 MM

0.75
0.562
0.47244
0.47244
0.25
0.33071
0.25

19.05
14.2748
12
12
6.35
8.4
6.35

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.17874 INCH

12.0029 MM
4.540115 MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

[UG-27(c)(1)]

tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)

* Strength Reduction Factors :


Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 24 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M2. Nozzle Mark :


N8 24" Sch. 30, 300# WNRF Manhole (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B*. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.41497 INCH

10.54012 MM

0.29872
0.29872
0.70878
0.29872

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

7.5875
7.5875
18.0029
7.5875

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.29872 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.56435 INCH

7.5875

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

14.33438 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 24", Sch. Std.
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.

0.375

9.525

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.29872 INCH

7.5875

MM

0.41497 INCH
0.562
INCH
0.49175 INCH
OK

10.54012 MM
14.2748 MM
12.49045 MM

Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require


a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).
* Since the opening is access/inspection, UG-45(b) is not applicable

[UG-45(b)[

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 25 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M2. Nozzle Mark :


N8 24" Sch. 30, 300# WNRF Manhole (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-27]

Area of Reinforcement (witht Reinforcing element) :


Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

11.1348 INCH2

7183.753 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

3.6847 INCH
0.26702 INCH2
3.6847 INCH2

2377.221 MM
172.2696 MM2
2377.221 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.20677 INCH2
0.19761 INCH2
0.19761 INCH2

133.4029 MM2
127.4869 MM2
127.4869 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.68812
0.27914
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr2

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

443.9468
180.0884
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

19.9021 INCH2

12840.04 MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

24.3029 INCH2

15679.26 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 26 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Shee t : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M3. Nozzle Mark : Leg 20"NPS, Sch. 30 (Leg Located at Shell with Reinforcement)
No. of nozzles, n
1
Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation
[UG-27(c) & Appendix 1-1]
Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

20
INCH
500
ASME SA 106 Grade B

DN

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

259.166 PSIG
o
149
F
#VALUE!

18.24529 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

10
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

254

MM

MM

0.15065 INCH

3.826403 MM

0.38687 INCH

9.826403 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.43522 INCH

11.0547

MM

Use Nozzle 20" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 30,

0.5

INCH

12.7

MM

MM
MM

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material @ Design Temp.(75 oC), Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[APPENDIX 1.1]
[UG-25]

with Thickness 0.5" (12.7 MM). [Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

A cap 20" NPS, Sch. 30, BW in accordance with ASME 16.9 shall be used for leg.
Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (12.7 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (8.11 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.4375
0.20128
761.45
346.982

INCH
INCH

PSIG
PSIG

11.1125
5.1125
53.60611
24.42751

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 27 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M3. Nozzle Mark :


Leg 20" Sch. 30 (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing

[UG-27(c) & Appendix 1-1]

Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS


Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

20
INCH
30
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.5
0.4375
0.23622
0.20128
0.20128
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

12.7
11.1125
6
5.1125
5.1125
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

20
19
0
1.5748
0.5032
19.5974
9.79872

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

508
482.6
0
40
12.78125
497.775
248.8875

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

500

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 28 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M3. Nozzle Mark :


Leg 20" Sch. 30 (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used) [UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
Calculating Siz of Fillet Welds :
[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]
* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]
Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld
[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 tmin.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
Shell
Nozzle

39.1949 INCH
21.2598 INCH
39.1949 INCH

995.55
540
995.55

MM
MM
MM

0.75
0.5
0.86614
0.5
0.25
0.35
0.25

19.05
12.7
22
12.7
6.35
8.89
6.35

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.14913 INCH

12.0029 MM
3.787937 MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

[UG-27(c)(1)]

tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)

* Strength Reduction Factors :


Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 29 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M3. Nozzle Mark :


Leg 20" Sch. 30 (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B*. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.38535 INCH

9.787937 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.75597 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

19.20165 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 20", Sch. 40


Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.

0.594

15.0876

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.38535 INCH
0.5
INCH
0.4375 INCH
OK

9.787937 MM
12.7
MM
11.1125 MM

Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require


a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).
* Since the opening is access/inspection, UG-45(b) is not applicable

[UG-45(b)[

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 30 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M3. Nozzle Mark :


Leg 20" Sch. 30 (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-27]

Area of Reinforcement (witht Reinforcing element) :


Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

9.28846 INCH2

5992.541 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

3.07479 INCH
0.25242 INCH2
3.07479 INCH2

1983.729 MM
162.8512 MM2
1983.729 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.14043 INCH2
0.12211 INCH2
0.12211 INCH2

90.60008 MM2
78.7796 MM2
78.7796 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.54203
0.17319
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

349.695
111.7385
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

16.6255 INCH2

10726.1

MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

20.3409 INCH2

13123.12 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.

NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 31 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Shee t : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M4. Nozzle Mark : N1 8"NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
No. of nozzles, n

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

8
INCH
200
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material @ Design Temp.(75 oC), Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can

4.3125 INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

109.5375 MM

0.06465 INCH

1.642111 MM

0.30087 INCH

7.642111 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.33848 INCH

8.597375 MM

Use Nozzle 8" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 80,


with Thickness 0.5" ( 12.7 MM ).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.5

INCH

12.7

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (9.271 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (4.289 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.4375
0.20128
1808.16
813.301

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

11.1125
5.1125
127.2943
57.25639

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

MM

Nozzle Thickness Calculation :


Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[APPENDIX 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 32 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Date : 18.2.2004

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Client : APRC
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M4. Nozzle Mark :


N1 8" 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing
Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

8
INCH
80
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.5
0.4375
0.23622
0.20128
0.20128
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

12.7
11.1125
6
5.1125
5.1125
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

8.625
7.625
0
1.5748
0.5032
8.22244
4.11122

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

219.075
193.675
0
40
12.78125
208.85
104.425

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

200

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 33 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M4. Nozzle Mark :


N1 8" 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad


[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]
Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2

16.4449 INCH
9.88484 INCH
16.4449 INCH

417.7
251.075
417.7

MM
MM
MM

0.75
0.5
0.47244
0.47244
0.25
0.33071
0.25

19.05
12.7
12
12
6.35
8.4
6.35

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Calculating Size of Fillet Welds :


[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]
* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]
Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld
[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
Shell
Nozzle

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.06257 INCH

12.0029 MM
1.589294 MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

[UG-27(c)(1)]

tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)

* Strength Reduction Factors :


Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 34 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M4. Nozzle Mark :


N1 8" 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.29879 INCH

7.589294 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.51797 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

13.15645 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 8", Sch. Std. 0.322
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

INCH

8.1788

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.5
INCH
0.4375 INCH
OK

8.38125
12.7
11.1125

MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 35 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M4. Nozzle Mark :


N1 8" 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-27]

Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :


Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

3.91314 INCH2

2524.602 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

1.28475 INCH
0.25242 INCH2
1.28475 INCH2

828.8676 MM
162.8512 MM2
828.8676 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.37353 INCH2
0.3248 INCH2
0.3248 INCH2

240.9873 MM2
209.546 MM2
209.546 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.54203
0.17319
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

349.695
111.7385
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

6.77313 INCH2

4369.75

MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

8.90116 INCH2

5742.674 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 36 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 1 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
3
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected)


Flange Material,
[Attached by Bolts]
Design Temperature (shell side)
Min. Design Metal Temperature, MDMT
Bolt-up and Gasket Seating Temperature
Assume corrosion, C
[UG-25]
Operating Pressure
Internal Design Pressure, P (MAWP)
Allowable Stress of Bolt Material, SB :
* at design temp.(operating condition), Sb
* or at atmospheric temp./bolt-up temp. (gasket seating), Sa
Allowable Stress of Flange Material :
* at design temp.(operating condition), SfH
* or at atmospheric temp./bolt-up temp. (gasket seating), SfC
Allowable Stress of Nozzle neck, Vessel or Pipe wall Material :
* at design temp.(operating condition), SnH
* or at atmospheric temp./bolt-up temp.(gasket seating), SnC
[Table 1A , SubPart 1 , ASME Sec. II , Part D]

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

ASME SA 105
o
F
149
o
F
10
o
F
86
0.19685 INCH
227.273 PSIG
255.682 PSIG

Subjected to internal press.

65
-12
30
5
16
18

C
C
o
C
MM
o

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

25000
25000

PSIG
PSIG

1760
1760

Kg/CM2G

20000

PSIG

1408

Kg/CM2G

20000

PSIG

1408

Kg/CM2G

17100

PSIG

2
1203.84 Kg/CM G

17100

PSIG

2
1203.84 Kg/CM G

Kg/CM2G

Figure (1)

Nominal bolt dia., dB

No. of bolts

12
0.875

1
15
6.15591
13
0.43189

25.4
381
156.36
330.2
10.97

[Appendix 2]
FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)

Bolt Hole, d
Flange outside diameter, A
Flange inside diameter, B
Bolt circut diameter (B.C.D.), C = B + 2(g1 + h1+ R) [Appendix 2-3]
Hup thickness at small end, go = Shell Thickness t
Hup thickness at back of flange, g1 (assume g1 = 2 go)
R must not less than 1.5 the bolt hole (see TEMA Table D-5)

Hup length, h (must greater than 1.5 go)

Use max. slope 1:3,

[FIG. 2-4, Sketch 6]

h = 3.5 g0

Slope angle, Y = arc Tan [(g1-go)/h]

Fillet radius, r = 0.25 g1 [but not less than 3/16"(4.7625 MM)] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch 6, Note a]

Use r

h1 = r * Tan (45-Y/2)

E = (A-C)/2

(Check D292 )

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.86378 INCH

21.94

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

1.5

INCH

38

MM

1.295669291

INCH

32.91

MM

2.498031496

INCH

63.45

MM

9.809015445

Degree

0.215944882

INCH

5.485

MM

0.215944882

INCH

5.485

MM

0.181813441

INCH

MM

INCH

25.4

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 37 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 2 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)


[Attached by Bolts]
Nominal pipe size
Pipe Schedule
No. of bolts
Nominal bolt dia., dB
Bolt diameter at root of thread

Subjected to internal pressure


8"
60
12
0.875
INCH
22.225 MM
0.75689 INCH
19.225 MM

Actual cross-sectional area of each bolt,


Total actual cross-sectional area of bolts, Ab

0.419
5.028

[TEMA Table D-5]

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

INCH2
2

INCH

Flange outside diameter, A


15
INCH
Flange inside diameter, B
6.15591 INCH
Bolt circut diameter (B.C.D.), C
13
INCH
Gasket Details: - Spiral-Wound metal, asbestos filled, stainless steel
0.125
INCH
- Outside diameter = (B.C.D - d) - 2*13
10.2362 INCH
- Inside diameter = O.D - 2N
8.8189
INCH
- Width, N
0.70866 INCH
Gasket Dimensions:
Basic gasket seating width, bO = N/2
[Table 2-5.2]
0.35433 INCH
Since bo > 1/4 inch (6.35 MM),
[Table 2-5.2]
Effective gasket seating width, b = 0.5*SQRT(bO)
[Table 2-5.2] 0.29763 INCH
Gasket Factor, m
[Table 2-5.1] 3
Min. Seating Stress, y
[Table 2-5.1] 10000
PSIG
Facing Sketch
[Table 2-5.1] (1a); Column II
Diameter at location of gasket load reaction, G
When bo is larger than 1/4", G = O.D.of gasket contact face - 2 b

N.B. When b < 1/4", the effective gasket seating width, b = bo

[Table 2-5.2]

N.B. When b > 1/4", the effective gasket seating width, b = 0.5*SQRT(bO)

[Table 2-5.2]

9.64096
[Appendix 2-3]

INCH

2
270.322 MM
2
3243.86 MM

381
156.36
330.2
3.175
260
224
18

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

7.55976 MM
704

Kg/CM2G

244.88

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 38 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 3 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3
Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)

Date

: 18.2.2004

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal
[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

[Attached by Bolts]

Subjected to internal pressure

1. Bolt loading and size of bolts:


[Appendix 2-5(c)]
2
(a) Total hydrostatic end force, H = 0.785 G P
[Appendix 2-3]
(b) Total joint-contact surface compression load, Hp =2b*3.14GmP
[Appendix 2-3]
(c) Min. required bolt load for operating conditions, Wm1 = H + Hp
Min. required bolt load for gasket seating, Wm2 = 3.14 b G y

18655.6 lb
13822.1 lb

8462.07 Kg
6269.63 Kg

32477.8 lb
90099.9 lb

14731.7 Kg
40868.7 Kg

Allowable Bolt Stress at atmospheric temp., Sa


25000
Allowable Bolt Stress at design temp., Sb
25000
[Table 1A , SubPart 1 , ASME Sec. II , Part D]
(d) Total cross-sectional area of bolts at root of thread required for:
- operating conditions, Am1 = Wm1 / Sb
1.29911
- Gasket seating,
Am2 = Wm2 / Sa
3.604
[Appendix 2-3]
Total required cross-sectional of bolts, Am = the greater of Am1 & Am2
3.604
Since the actual bolt area Ab = 18.58 inch2, for 20 bolt, 1-1/4 in. dia.
5.028
bolts, the bolts are adequately enough.
(e) Flang design bolt load, W:
- For operating conditions, Wo = Wm1
[Appendix 2-5(d)]
32477.8
- For gasket seating, Wa = 0.5(Am + Ab) * Sa
[Appendix 2-5(d)]
107900
2. Total flange moment for design condition:
[Appendix 2-5(c)]
Flange Loads:
Hydrostatic end force on area inside flange, HD = 0.785 B2 P

Kg/CM2G

PSIG
PSIG

1760
1760

INCH2
INCH2

2
838.135 MM
2
2325.16 MM

INCH2
INCH2

2
2325.16 MM
2
3243.86 MM

lb
lb

14731.7 Kg
48942.7 Kg

Kg/CM2G

7605.95 lb

3450

Kg

13822.1 lb

6269.63 Kg

Gasket load (flange design bolt load - total hydrostatic end force), HG

Gasket seating force

HG = Wm1 - H

Difference bet. total hydrostatic end force and the hydrostatic end force on area inside of flange, HT

HT = H - HD

11049.7 lb

5012.07 Kg

[Table 2-6]

2.1137

INCH

53.6881 MM

hG = (C - G) / 2

[Table 2-6]

1.67952 INCH

42.6598 MM

hT = (R' + g1 + hG) / 2

[Table 2-6]

2.11256 INCH

53.6589 MM

1.68181 INCH

42.7181 MM

Lever arms:
hD = R' + 0.5 g1

Where R' = R + h1

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 39 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 4 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)

Type : Horizontal
[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

[Attached by Bolts]

Subjected to internal presure

Flange Moments:
Component of moment due to HD, MD = HD hD

[Appendix 2-3 16076.7

lb-in

185.224 Kg-M

Component of moment due to HG, MG = HG hG

[Appendix 2-323214.6

lb-in

267.461 Kg-M

Component of moment due to HT, MT = HT hT

[Appendix 2-3 23343.1

lb-in

268.942 Kg-M

62634.4 in.-lb
5219.53 ft-lb

721.627 Kg-M

107900

lb

48942.7 Kg

1.67952
181220
181220
181220
15101.7

INCH

42.6598
2087.88
2087.88
2087.88

Total moment acting upon the flange, Mo:


- For operating condition

[Appendix 2-6]

MO1 = MD + MG + MT

3. Total flange moment for bolt-up condition (Gasket condition):


[Appendix 2-6]
Flange Load: HG = W A = 0.5 (Am + Ab) * Sa
Lever Arm., hG = (C - G) / 2
Flange Moment for gasket condition, MO2 = HG hG = W A (C - G) / 2

(5)

Mo2 * (SfH / SfC )


4. MO = The greater of MO1 or MO2 (SfH/SfC)

lb-in
lb-in
lb-in
ft-lb

MM
Kg-M
Kg-M
Kg-M

5. Shape constants for flange:


K=

From Appendix 2, FIG. 2-7.1:

2.43668

B
2

T =
Z=

K (1 + 8.55246 Log10 k ) 1
(1.04720 + 1.9448 k 2 )( k 1)

K2 + 1

1.3584
1.40507

K2 1

K Log10 K
1
0.66845 + 5.71690
K 1
K2 1

Y =

U =

From Appendix 2, FIG. 2-7.2:


From Appendix 2, FIG. 2-7.3:
From Appendix 2, FIG. 2-7.6:

K 2 (1 + 8.55246 Log K ) 1
10
1.36136( K 2 1)( K 1)

g1/go
ho = SQRT(B go)
h/ho
F
V
f

d = (U/V) ho go2 (for integral type flanges) [APPENDIX 2-3]


e = F / ho
(for integral type flanges) [APPENDIX 2-3]

2.31617
2.54524
2
1.63054
1.53202
0.69863
0.12928
1
INCH3
5.9877
0.42847 INCH-1

3
98120.8 MM
-1
0.01687 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 40 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 5 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)


[Attached by Bolts]
6. Calculation of flange actual stresses
Assume t
te + 1 t ^ 3
Factor L =
+
[Appendix 2-3]
T
d
Where t = flange thickness
factor e = F/ ho (for integral type flanges)
[Appendix 2-3]
e = FL/ ho (for loose type flanges)
[Appendix 2-3]
F = factor for integral type flanges
[Fig. 2-7.2]
T = factor involving K
[Fig. 2-7.1]
2
d = (U/V) ho go
[Appendix 2-3]

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

Subjected to internal pressure


1.42126 INCH
1.66392

36.1

0.42847 INCH-1
NA
0.69863
1.3584
INCH3
5.9877

0.01687 MM

For integral type flange, actual stresses (calculated) : [Fig. 2-4, Sketch (6a)]
1. a. Longitudinal hub stress, operating SH = f Mo / L g12 B (6) [Appendix 2-723712.4 PSIG
b. Longitudinal hub stress, seating
SH = f Mo2 / L g12 B (6) [Appendix 2-723712.4 PSIG
2

2. a. Radial flange stress, operating SR = (1.33 t e +1) Mo / L t B (7) [Appendix15869.9 PSIG


2
b. Radial flange stress, seating SR = (1.33 t e +1) Mo2 / L t B (7) [Appendix15869.9 PSIG
2
3. a. Tangential flange stress, operating ST = (Y Mo / t B) - Z SR (8) [Appendix 11456.6 PSIG

MM

-1

3
98120.8 MM

2
1669.35 Kg/CM G
2
1669.35 Kg/CM G
2
1117.24 Kg/CM G
2
1117.24 Kg/CM G
2
806.545 Kg/CM G

ST = (Y Mo2 / t B) - Z SR (8) [Appendix11456.6 PSIG


0.5 (SH + SR)
[Appendix 2-8(a)(4)]
19791.1 PSIG
0.5 (SH + SR)
[Appendix 2-8(a)(4)]
19791.1 PSIG

2
806.545 Kg/CM G

5. a. Flange stress, operating

0.5 (SH + ST)

[Appendix 2-8(a)(4)]

17584.5 PSIG

2
1237.95 Kg/CM G

b. Flange stress, seating

0.5 (SH + ST)

[Appendix 2-8(a)(4)]

17584.5
6459.39
17919.6
0

1237.95
454.741
1261.54
0

b. Tangential flange stress, seating


4. a. Flange stress, operating
b. Flange stress, seating

6. a. Bolt stress, operating = Wm1 / Ab


b. Bolt stress, seating = Wm2 / Ab
7. a. Shear stress carried by the fillet weld

PSIG
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG

7. Actual Stresses (Calculated) Compared with Allowable Stresses [APPENDIX 2-8]


7.a. For Operating Condition :
Allowable design stress of flange at operating condiotion, Sf
20000
PSIG
Allowable design stress of nozzle/vessel at operating condition, Sn
17100
PSIG
Assume flange thickness (without C.A), toperating
1.42126 INCH
Allowable stresses
PSIG

Longitudinal Hub Stress SH1 = 1.5 Sf

[Appendix 2-8(a)(1)(b)]

30000

Longitudinal Hub Stress SH2 = 2 Sn

[Appendix 2-8(a)(1)(b)]

34200

The calculated (actual) hub stress SH < SH (min.) allowable


Radial Flange Stress SR = Sf

[Appendix 2-8(a)(2)]

The calculated (actual) radial stress SR < SR allowable

Kg/CM2

1393.3

Kg/CM2G

1393.3

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G
1408
1203.84 Kg/CM2G
36.1
MM

Actual stresses
(Calculated )
Kg/CM2
PSIG

30000

>

23712.4

20000

>

15869.9

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 41 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 6 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

20000

Subjected to internal pressure


>
11456.6

0.5(SH + SR) = Sf
< Allowable stress

20000

>

19791.1

0.5(SH + ST) = Sf
< Allowable stress

20000

>

17584.5

25000

>

6459.39

Tangential Flange Stress ST = Sf

[Appendix 2-8(a)(3)]

The calculated (actual) tangential stress ST < ST allowable

The calculated (actual) stress

The calculated (actual) stress


Bolt stress = Wm1 / Ab
The calculated (actual) stress

< Allowable stress

7.b. For Gasket Seating :


20000
PSIG
17100
PSIG
1.42126 INCH

Allowable design stress of flange at gasket seating, Sf


Allowable design stress of nozzle/vessel at gasket seating, Sn

Assume flange thickness (without C.A), tgasket

Allowable stresses
PSIG

Longitudinal Hub Stress SH1 = 1.5 Sf

[Appendix 2-8(a)(1)(b)]

30000

Longitudinal Hub Stress SH2 = 2 Sn

[Appendix 2-8(a)(1)(b)]

34200

The calculated (actual) hub stress SH < SH (min.) allowable

Kg/CM2

Kg/CM2G
1408
1203.84 Kg/CM2G
36.1
MM

Actual stresses
(Calculated )
Kg/CM2
PSIG

30000

>

23712.4

20000

>

15869.9

20000

>

11456.6

20000

>

19791.1

The calculated (actual) stress

0.5(SH + SR) = Sf
< Allowable stress
0.5(SH + ST) = Sf
< Allowable stress

20000

>

17584.5

The calculated (actual) stress


Bolt stress = Wm2 / Ab
The calculated (actual) stress

25000

>

17919.6

< Allowable stress

Radial Flange Stress SR = Sf

[Appendix 2-8(a)(2)]

The calculated (actual) radial stress SR < SR allowable


Tangential Flange Stress ST = Sf

[Appendix 2-8(a)(3)]

The calculated (actual) tangential stress ST < ST allowable

The min. flange thickness, t = Max. (toperating, tgasket)

1.42126 INCH

36.1

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 42 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 7 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

Subjected to internal pressure


Since all actual stresses are less than the allowable stresses, the selection of t is adequate.
If an optimum min. thicknessof flange is desired, calculations must be operated with a smaller
value of t until one of the actual stresses or stress combination is approximately equal to the
allowable stress even though other actual stresses are less than the allowable stress for that
actual stress.
Flange thickness with C.A & RF = t + 2*corrosion all. + raised face

1.81496 INCH

46.1

MM

Use flange thickness for construction

1.85039 INCH

47

MM

BOLT SUMMARY
Factor K = A/B
Gasket width, N
Total required cross-sectional area of bolts
Actual bolt cross-sectional area, Ab
Nominal bolt dia., dB

2.43668
0.70866
3.604
5.028
0.875

18
2325.16
3243.86
22.225

MM
MM2
MM2
MM

1. Actual Edge distance, E from drawing = 1/2 (A - C)

Min. Edge distance, E (for bolt size 0.75")

0.8125

Min. Edge distance, E (for bolt size 7/8")

[TEMA Table D-5]

Min. Edge distance, E (for bolt size 1")

Min. Edge distance, E (for bolt size 1-1/8")

Min. Edge distance, E (for bolt size 1-1/4")

[TEMA Table D-5]

2. Actual Bolt spacing, B from drawing

0.9375

INCH
INCH2
INCH2
INCH
INCH
INCH

INCH

26.9875

MM

1.125

INCH

28.575

MM

1.25

INCH

31.75

MM

1.75

Min. Bolt spacing, B (for bolt size 7/8")

Min. Bolt spacing, B (for bolt size 1")

Min. Bolt spacing, B (for bolt size 1-1/8")

Min. Radial distance, Rh (for bolt size 1-1/8")

Min. Radial distance, Rh (for bolt size 1-1/4")

[TEMA Table D-5]

Use construction flange thickness, including corrosion allowance


[The same thickness for 8" 300# blind flange in accordance with ASME B16.5]

85.462

MM

INCH

44.45

2.0625

INCH

52.3875

MM

2.25

INCH

57.15

MM

2.5

INCH

63.5

MM

Min. Bolt spacing, B (for bolt size 1-1/4")


[TEMA Table D-5]
2.8125
INCH
Max. Recommended bolt spacing, Bmax = 2 dB + 6 t / (m + 0.5) [TEMA RCB- 4.18645 INCH
3. Actual Radial distance, Rh from drawing = (C-B)/2-(g1+h1)
2.36142 INCH

Min. Radial distance, Rh (for bolt size 1")

23.8125 MM

INCH

Min. Bolt spacing, B (for bolt size 0.75")

Min. Radial distance, Rh (for bolt size 7/8")

MM
MM

1.0625

3.36465 INCH

Min. Radial distance, Rh (for bolt size 0.75")

25.4
20.6375

MM

71.4375 MM
106.336 MM
59.98
MM

1.125

INCH

28.575

1.25

INCH

31.75

MM

1.375

INCH

34.925

MM

1.5

INCH

38.1

MM

1.75

INCH

1.61811 INCH

MM

44.45

MM

41.1

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 43 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 8 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)


FLANGE FACTORS
(a) For Integral Flanges
E6
F =
3
Factor F per Fig. 2-7.2 is then solved by
C
1 / 4 (1 + A )
[

2 .7 3

V =

Factor f per Fig. 2-7.6 is then solved by

f = C36 / (1 + A)

Subjected to internal pressure


0.69863

E4
2.73 1/ 4
[
]
(1 + A ) 3
C

Factor V per Fig. 2-7.3 is then solved by

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

0.12928

h/SQRT(BGo 1.532023693
1
The values used in the above equations are solved using Eqs. (1) through (45) below based on the values g1, g0, h and ho

as defined by 2-3. When g1 = go, F = 0.908920, V = 0.550103, and f = 1; thus Eqs. (1) through (45) need not be solved.
(b) For Loose Hub Flanges
Factor FL per Fig. 2-7.4 is solved by

FL =

1
C18
+
2

A
11A
A
A
1
1
1
+
+

+ C 21
+ C 24

4
70
40
6
84
105
72
1/ 4
(1 + A ) 3
C

2 .7 3
C

Factor VL per Fig. 2-7.5 is solved by

1
C
3C 21
24
C18
5
2
VL = 4
1/ 4
2.73
(1 + A ) 3

0.70076

0.13057

Factor f per Fig. 2-7.6 is set equal to 1.


f=1
1
The values used in the above equations are solved using Eqs. (1) through (5), (7), (9), (10), (12),
(14), (16), (18), (20), (23), and (26) below based on the values of g1, g0, h, and ho as defined by 2-3.
go

0.43189 INCH

10.97

MM

g1
h
ho = SQRT(B go), Effective hub length
B

0.86378
2.49803
1.63054
6.15591

21.94
63.45
41.4158
156.36

MM
MM
MM
MM

(1)
(2)
(3)

A = (g1/go) - 1
C = 43.68(h/ho)4
C1 = 1/3 + A/12

1
240.627
0.41667

(4)

C2 = 5/42 + 17 A / 336

0.16964

(5)

C3 = 1/210 + A/360

0.00754

(6)

C4 = 11/360 + 59 A/5040 + (1+3 A)/C

0.05889

(7)

C5 = 1/90 + 5 A/1008 - (1+ A)3/C

-0.01718

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 44 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 9 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)


FLANGE FACTORS (CONT.)
(8)
C6 = 1/120 + 17 A/5040 +1 /C
(9)

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

Subjected to internal pressure


0.01586

(10)

C7 = 215/2772 + 51 A/1232 + (60/7 + 225 A/14 + 75A /7 + 5 A /2)/C 0.27628


2
3
C8 = 31/6930 + 128 A/45045 + (6/7 + 15 A/7 + 12A /7 + 5 A /11)/C
0.0288

(11)

C9 = 533/30240 + 653 A/73920 + (1/2 + 33 A/14 + 39 A2/28 + 25 A3/840.04536

(12)

C10 = 29/3780 + 3 A/704 - (1/2 + 33 A/14 + 81 A2/28 + 13 A3/12)/C

(13)

-0.01646
2
3
C11 = 31/6048 + 1763 A/665280 + (1/2 + 6 A/7 + 15 A /28 + 5 A /42)/ 0.01614

(14)

C12 = 1/2925 + 71 A/300300 + (8/35 + 18 A /35 + 156 A2/385 + 6 A3/55


0.0058

(15)

C13 = 761/831600 + 937 A/1663200 + (1/35 + 6 A /35 + 11 A2/70 + 3 A0.00314

(16)

C14 = 197/415800 + 103 A/332640 - (1/35 + 6 A /35 + 17 A /70 + A / -0.00147

(17)

(18)

C15 = 233/831600 + 97 A/554400 + (1/35 + 3 A /35 + A /14 + 2 A /105


0.00131
C16 = C1C7C12 + C2C8C3 + C3C8C2 - (C32C7 + C82C1 + C22C12)
0.00021

(19)

C17 = [C4C7C12 + C2C8C13 + C3C8C9 - (C13C7C3 + C82C4 + C12C2C9)] / 0.0917

(20)

C18 = [C5C7C12 + C2C8C14 + C3C8C10 - (C14C7C3 + C82C5 + C12C2C10)]-0.02242


/

(21)

C19 = [C6C7C12 + C2C8C15 + C3C8C11 - (C15C7C3 + C82C6 + C12C2C11)]0.01666


/

(22)
(23)

C20 = [C1C9C12 + C4C8C3 + C3C13C2 - (C32C9 + C13C8 C1 + C12C4C2)] / 0.1323


C21 = [C1C10C12 + C5C8C3 + C3C14C2 - (C32C10 + C14C8 C1 + C12C5C2)] -0.04642
/

(24)

C22 = [C1C11C12 + C6C8C3 + C3C15C2 - (C32C11 + C15C8 C1 + C12C6C2)] 0.05587


/

(25)

C23 = [C1C7C13 + C2C9C3 + C4C8C2 - (C3C7C4 + C8C9 C1 + C22C13)] / C -0.23441

(26)
(27)

C24 = [C1C7C14 + C2C10C3 + C5C8C2 - (C3C7C5 + C8C10 C1 + C22C14)] / 0.00573


C25 = [C1C7C15 + C2C11C3 + C6C8C2 - (C3C7C6 + C8C11 C1 + C22C15)] / -0.07383

(28)

C26 = - (C/4)1/4

-2.78497

(29)

C27 = C20 - C17 - 5/12 + C17C26

-0.63146

(30)

C28 = C22 - C19 - 1/12 + C19C26

-0.0905

(31)

C29 = - (C/4)1/2

-7.75608

(32)

C30 = - (C/4)3/4

-21.6005

(33)

C31 = 3 A/2 - C17 C30

3.4808

(34)

C32 = 1/2 - C19 C30

0.85979

(35)

C33 = 0.5 C26C32 + C28C31C29 - (0.5 C30C28 + C32C27C29)

-3.94227

(36)

C34 = 1/12 + C18 - C21 - C18C26

0.04488

(37)

C35 = - C18 (C/4)3/4

0.48436

(38)

C36 = (C28C35C29 - C32C34C29)/C33

-0.16217

(39)

C37 = [0.5 C26C35 + C34C31C29 - (0.5 C30C34 + C35C27C29)] / C33

0.95722

(40)

E1 = C17C36 + C18 + C19C37

-0.02135

(41)

E2 = C20C36 + C21 + C22C37

-0.01439

(42)

E3 = C23C36 + C24 + C25C37

-0.02693

(43)

E4 = 1/4 + C37/12 + C36/4 - E3/5 - 3E2/2 - E1

0.33755

(44)

E5 = E1 (1/2 + A/6) + E2(1/4 + 11A/84) + E3(1/70 + A/105)

(45)

-0.02036
E6 = E5 - C36(7/120 +A/36 + 3A/C) - 1/40 - A/72 - C37(1/60 +A/120 + 1/C-0.07117

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF HEAT EXCHANGER

Page : 45 of 126

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Sheet : 10 of 10
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Sheet : 5
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. : 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum
Item : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Integral Type Flange N1 8" 300# Thickness (Bolt Connected) (cont.)

[Appendix 2] [FIG. 2-4, Sketch (7)]

Subjected to internal pressure


APPENDIX 2-3
When B < 20 g1, it will be optional for the designer to substitute B1 in the
2
formula stress SH = f * Mo /( L * g1 * B).
20 * g1
B

17.2756 INCH
6.15591 INCH

438.8
156.36

MM
MM

B1 = B + g1 for loose & integral type flanges have f <1 ( the min. f permitted is 7.01969 INCH
B1 = B + go for integral type flanges when f = > 1
6.5878
INCH

178.3
167.33

MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 46 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M5. Nozzle Mark : N1 6" NPS, Sch. 80 300# WNRF (Located at Blind Flange of N1)
No. of nozzles, n
1
NOZZLE NECK THICKNESS CALCULATION
Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

6
INCH
150
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

PSIG
PSIG

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

3.3125 INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

84.1375

MM

MM

0.04966 INCH

1.261332 MM

0.28588 INCH

7.261332 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.32161 INCH

8.168998 MM

Use Nozzle 6" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 80,


with Thickness 0.432 ( 10.97 MM ).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.432

INCH

10.9728

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (9.271 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (4.289 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.378
0.14178
2044.67
744.652

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

9.6012
3.6012
143.9444
52.42352

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45 , UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[APPENDIX 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 47 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 4
Date : 18.2.2004

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Client : APRC

M5. Nozzle Mark :


N1 6" NPS 300# WNRF (located at Blind Flange of
Nozzle Opening Calculation Without Reinforcing
Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N1) (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

6
INCH
80
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

150

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Blind Flkange Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material,
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp
Allowable Stress of Blind Flange Material, Sv (nozzle located at blind)
Shell (Blind Flange 8" 300#) Thickness
Shell (Blind Flange 8" 300#) Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell (Blind Flange 8" 300#)Thickness less Tolerance
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance
t

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA 105
N.A.
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
0
PSIG
0
20000
PSIG
1408
1.61811 INCH
41.1
0.19685 INCH
5
1.55811 INCH
39.576
1.36126 INCH
34.576

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can

0.432
0.378
0.19685
0.18115
0.18115
0
1
1
1
1
62.9921
60.2696
30.1348

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

6.625
5.761
0.45287
3.40315
0.45287
6.2627
3.13135

& 12.5%,

(12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn


Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

DN

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH

10.9728
9.6012
5
4.6012
4.6012
0

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
MM
1530.848 MM
765.424 MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

168.275
146.3294
11.503
86.44
11.503
159.0726
79.5363

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 48 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M5. Nozzle Mark :


N1 6" NPS 300# WNRF (located at Blind Flange of N1) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
Calculating Size of Fillet Welds :
[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]
* For Outward Nozzle Weld 41 [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]
Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 [shell (blind) wall thickness]
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (NA) [FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 [shell (blind) wall thickness]
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in Dwg. No. 7434-33-3A

12.5254 INCH
9.34752 INCH
0
INCH

318.1452 MM
237.427 MM
0
MM

0.75
0.432
1.61811
0.432
0.25
0.3024
0.25

19.05
10.9728
41.1
10.9728
6.35
7.68096
6.35

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0
1.61811
0
0

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

19.05
0
41.1
0
0

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0
0

INCH
INCH

0
0

MM
MM

* Wall Thickness Required :


[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell (blind)
tr
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)

1.3363 INCH
0.04766 INCH

* Strength Reduction Factors :


Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

0
0.855
0.855
0.855
0

See file T-109, Sheet 15 for design calculation

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

33.942
MM
1.210501 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 49 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M5. Nozzle Mark :


N1 6" NPS 300# WNRF (located at Blind Flange of N1) (cont.)
MIN. NOZZLE NECK WALL THICKNESS CHECK PER UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.24451 INCH

6.210501 MM

0.2906
0.2906
1.53315
0.2906

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

7.38125
7.38125
38.942
7.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.2906 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.44185 INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM

7.38125

MM

11.223

MM

7.112

MM

0.25935 INCH
0.44685 INCH

6.5875
11.35

MM
MM

0.2906

INCH

7.38125

MM

0.2906

INCH

7.38125

MM

0.2906
0.432
0.378
OK

INCH
INCH
INCH

7.38125
10.9728
9.6012

MM
MM
MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 6", Sch.Std.


Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + C.A.
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + C.A.
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + C.A.
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

0.28

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 50 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M6. Nozzle Mark : N2 6" NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
No. of nozzles, n
1
NOZZLE NECK THICKNESS CALCULATION
Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

6
INCH
150
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

PSIG
PSIG

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

3.3125 INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

84.1375

MM

MM

0.04966 INCH

1.261332 MM

0.28588 INCH

7.261332 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.32161 INCH

8.168998 MM

Use Nozzle 6" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 80,


with Thickness 0.432" ( 10.97 MM ).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.432

INCH

10.9728

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (9.271 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (4.289 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.378
0.14178
2044.67
744.652

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

9.6012
3.6012
143.9444
52.42352

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45 , UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 51 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Date : 18.2.2004

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Client : APRC

M6. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N2 6" NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

80
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.432
0.378
0.23622
0.14178
0.14178
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

10.9728
9.6012
6
3.6012
3.6012
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

6.625
5.761
0
1.5748
0.35445
6.34144
3.17072

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

168.275
146.3294
0
40
9.003
161.0726
80.5363

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]


[UG-45 , INCH
UG
0

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 52 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M6. Nozzle Mark :


N2 6" NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

12.6829 INCH
7.88484 INCH
12.6829 INCH

322.1452 MM
200.275 MM
322.1452 MM

0.75
0.432
2.89259
0.432
0.25
0.3024
0.25

19.05
10.9728
73.47186
10.9728
6.35
7.68096
6.35

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.04826 INCH

12.0029
1.22572

MM
MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 53 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M6. Nozzle Mark :


N2 6" NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.28448 INCH

7.22572

MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.48122 INCH

8.38125

MM

12.223

MM

7.112

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.432
INCH
0.378
INCH
OK

8.38125
10.9728
9.6012

MM
MM
MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 6", Sch. Std. 0.28
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 54 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M6. Nozzle Mark :


N2 6" NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

3.01611 INCH2

1945.874 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.99146 INCH
0.23641 INCH2
0.99146 INCH2

639.6485 MM
152.5214 MM2
639.6485 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.25185 INCH2
0.1952 INCH2
0.1952 INCH2

162.4828 MM2
125.9364 MM2
125.9364 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.3818
0.08593
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

246.3221
55.44094
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

5.24698 INCH2

3385.144 MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

6.64833 INCH2

4289.239 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 55 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M7. Nozzle Mark : N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
No. of nozzles, n

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

4
INCH
100
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

2.25
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

57.15

MM

MM

0.03373 INCH

0.856754 MM

0.26995 INCH

6.856754 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.30369 INCH

7.713848 MM

Use Nozzle 4" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 120,


with Thickness 0.438" ( 11.13 MM ).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.438

INCH

11.1252

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (9.271 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (4.289 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.38325
0.14703
3125.66
1147.42

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

9.73455
3.73455
220.0466
80.77811

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 56 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Date : 18.2.2004

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Client : APRC

M7. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

4
INCH
120
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.438
0.38325
0.23622
0.14703
0.14703
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

11.1252
9.73455
6
3.73455
3.73455
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

4.5
3.624
0
1.5748
0.36757
4.20594
2.10297

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

114.3
92.0496
0
40
9.336375
106.8309
53.41545

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

100

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 57 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M7. Nozzle Mark :


N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

8.41188 INCH
5.75984 INCH
8.41188 INCH

213.6618 MM
146.3
MM
213.6618 MM

0.75
0.438
5.25208
0.438
0.25
0.3066
0.25

19.05
11.1252
133.4029
11.1252
6.35
7.78764
6.35

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.03201 INCH

12.0029 MM
0.812955 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 58 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M7. Nozzle Mark :


N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.26823 INCH

6.812955 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.4436 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

11.26733 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 6", Sch. Std. 0.237
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

INCH

6.0198

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.438
INCH
0.38325 INCH
OK

8.38125
11.1252
9.73455

MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 59 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M7. Nozzle Mark :


N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

2.00769 INCH2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.65516 INCH
0.23782 INCH2
0.65516 INCH2

422.6846 MM
153.4329 MM2
422.6846 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.30975 INCH2
0.24266 INCH2
0.24266 INCH2

199.8371 MM2
156.5542 MM2
156.5542 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.39594
0.09242
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

MM2

255.4432
59.62284
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

3.38824 INCH2

2185.96

MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

4.50076 INCH2

2903.708 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

1295.28

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 60 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M8. Nozzle Mark : N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
No. of nozzles, n
1
[For vessels not subject to rapid flactuations in pressure, do not require reinforcement other than that inherent in the construction under the following conditions

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

3
INCH
80
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

1.75
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

44.45

MM

MM

0.02623 INCH

0.666364 MM

0.26246 INCH

6.666364 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.29526 INCH

7.49966

MM

Use Nozzle 3" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 160,


with Thickness 0.438" (11.125 MM).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.438

INCH

11.1252

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (11.125 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (6.735 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.38325
0.14703
4104.45
1486.65

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

9.73455
3.73455
288.9533
104.6602

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 3050# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 61 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M8. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

3
INCH
160
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.438
0.38325
0.23622
0.14703
0.14703
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

11.1252
9.73455
6
3.73455
3.73455
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

3.5
2.624
0
1.5748
0.36757
3.20594
1.60297

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

88.9
66.6496
0
40
9.336375
81.4309
40.71545

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

80

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 62 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M8. Nozzle Mark :


N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

6.41188 INCH
4.75984 INCH
6.41188 INCH

162.8618 MM
120.9
MM
162.8618 MM

0.75
0.438
5.25208
0.438
0.25
0.3066
0.25

19.05
11.1252
133.4029
11.1252
6.35
7.78764
6.35

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.0244 INCH

12.0029 MM
0.619668 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 63 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M8. Nozzle Mark :


N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.26062 INCH

6.619668 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.42522 INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM

8.38125

MM

10.8006

MM

INCH

5.4864

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.438
INCH
0.38325 INCH
OK

8.38125
11.1252
9.73455

MM
MM
MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 3", Sch. Std. 0.216
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 64 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M8. Nozzle Mark :


N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

1.53513 INCH2

990.4066 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.4978 INCH
0.23782 INCH2
0.4978 INCH2

321.1583 MM
153.4329 MM2
321.1583 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.33024 INCH2
0.25871 INCH2
0.25871 INCH2

213.0579 MM2
166.9116 MM2
166.9116 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.39594
0.09242
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 : (Not applicable)


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

2.5221

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

3.4933

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

255.4432
59.62284
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

69.255

MM2

INCH2

1627.16

MM2

INCH2

2253.739 MM2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 65 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M9. Nozzle Mark : N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch.160, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
No. of nozzles, n
3
[For vessels not subject to rapid flactuations in pressure, do not require reinforcement other than that inherent in the construction under the following conditions

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

2
INCH
50
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

258.324 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.186
65

17100
17100

PSIG
PSIG

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

1.1875 INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

30.1625

MM

MM

0.01783 INCH

0.452918 MM

0.25405 INCH

6.452918 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.28581 INCH

7.259533 MM

Use Nozzle 2" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. 160,


with Thickness 0.344" (8.74 MM).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.344

INCH

8.7376

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (8.74 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (4.645 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.301
0.06478
4823.45
953.634

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

7.6454
1.6454
339.5707
67.13583

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 66 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M9. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation Without Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

2
INCH
160
258.324 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness l
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.344
0.301
0.19685
0.10415
0.10415
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.7376
7.6454
5
2.6454
2.6454
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

2.375
1.687
0
1.5748
0.26037
2.1667
1.08335

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

60.325
42.8498
0
40
6.6135
55.0342
27.5171

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

ess Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

50

DN

18.18601 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 67 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M9. Nozzle Mark :


N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

4.3334 INCH
3.63484 INCH
4.3334 INCH

110.0684 MM
92.325
MM
110.0684 MM

0.75
0.344
9.48769
0.344
0.25
0.2408
0.2408

19.05
8.7376
240.9873
8.7376
6.35
6.11632
6.11632

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.34054 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.649783 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47334 INCH
0.01652 INCH

12.02291 MM
0.419494 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 68 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M9. Nozzle Mark :


N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.21337 INCH

5.419494 MM

0.2906
0.2906
0.70956
0.2906

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

7.38125
7.38125
18.02291
7.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

INCH

7.38125

MM

INCH

8.42265

MM

INCH

3.9116

MM

0.25935 INCH
0.44685 INCH

6.5875
11.35

MM
MM

0.2906

INCH

7.38125

MM

0.2906

INCH

7.38125

MM

0.2906
0.344
0.301
OK

INCH
INCH
INCH

7.38125
8.7376
7.6454

MM
MM
MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.2906
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.3316

MM
MM
MM
MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 2", Sch. Std. 0.154
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 69 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M9. Nozzle Mark :


N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation Without Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

1.03989 INCH2

670.8949 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.33453 INCH
0.22515 INCH2
0.33453 INCH2

215.8248 MM
145.2577 MM2
215.8248 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.23599 INCH2
0.16881 INCH2
0.16881 INCH2

152.252 MM2
108.9115 MM2
108.9115 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.28047
0.04637
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

180.9454
29.91705
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

1.69625 INCH2

1094.355 MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

2.41429 INCH2

1557.601 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 70 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M10. Nozzle Mark : N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
No. of nozzles, n
2
[For vessels not subject to rapid flactuations in pressure, do not require reinforcement other than that inherent in the construction under the following conditions

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

1.5
INCH
40
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

0.95
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

24.13

MM

MM

0.01424 INCH

0.36174

MM

0.25046 INCH

6.36174

MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.28177 INCH

7.156958 MM

Use Nozzle 1-1/2" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. XXS,


with Thickness 0.4" (10.16 MM).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.4

INCH

10.16

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (10.16 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (5.89 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.35
0.11378
7388.89
2151.08

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

8.89
2.89
520.1778
151.4363

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 71 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M10. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

1.5
INCH
XXS
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.4
0.35
0.23622
0.11378
0.11378
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

10.16
8.89
6
2.89
2.89
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

1.9
1.1
0
1.5748
0.28445
1.67244
0.83622

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

48.26
27.94
0
40
7.225
42.48
21.24

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

40

DN

18.15602 KG/CM2G
o
65
C

KG/CM2G
KG/CM2G
KG/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 72 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M10. Nozzle Mark :


N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

3.34488 INCH
3.15984 INCH
3.34488 INCH

84.96
80.26
84.96

MM
MM
MM

0.75
0.4
19.7318
0.4
0.25
0.28
0.25

19.05
10.16
501.1874
10.16
6.35
7.112
6.35

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.01273 INCH

12.0029 MM
0.323262 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 73 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M10. Nozzle Mark :


N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.24895 INCH

6.323262 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.3631 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

9.222625 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 1-1/2", Sch. Std
0.145
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

3.683

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.4
INCH
0.35
INCH
OK

8.38125
10.16
8.89

MM
MM
MM

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 74 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M10. Nozzle Mark :


N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

0.80591 INCH2

519.9429 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.25799 INCH
0.22887 INCH2
0.25799 INCH2

166.4467 MM
147.6604 MM2
166.4467 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.27213 INCH2
0.19882 INCH2
0.19882 INCH2

175.5649 MM2
128.2721 MM2
128.2721 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.3064
0.05534
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

197.676
35.70523
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

0.10735 INCH2

69.255

MM2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

1.25147 INCH2

807.4

MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

1.92298 INCH2

1240.629 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.


NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 75 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M11. Nozzle Mark : N16 1" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Piping branch from N4)
No. of nozzles, n
1
[For vessels not subject to rapid flactuations in pressure, do not require reinforcement other than that inherent in the construction under the following conditions

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

1
INCH
25
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

258.324 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.186
65

17100
17100

PSIG
PSIG

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

0.6575 INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

16.7005

MM

MM

0.00987 INCH

0.250774 MM

0.24609 INCH

6.250774 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.27686 INCH

7.03212

MM

Use Nozzle 1" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. XXS,


with Thickness 0.358" (9.093 MM).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.358

INCH

9.0932

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (9.093 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (4.956 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.31325
0.07703
10065
2101.85

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

7.95655
1.95655
708.5736
147.9703

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 76 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M11. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N16 1" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (Piping branch from N4) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation Without Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

1
INCH
XXS
258.324 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.358
0.31325
0.23622
0.07703
0.07703
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

9.0932
7.95655
6
1.95655
1.95655
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

1.315
0.599
0
1.5748
0.19257
1.16094
0.58047

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

33.401
15.2146
0
40
4.891375
29.4879
14.74395

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

25

DN

18.18601 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 77 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M11. Nozzle Mark :


N16 1" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (Piping branch from N4) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

2.32188 INCH
2.57484 INCH
2.57484 INCH

58.9758
65.401
65.401

MM
MM
MM

0.75
0.358
6.39696
0.358
0.25
0.2506
0.25

19.05
9.0932
162.4828
9.0932
6.35
6.36524
6.35

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47334 INCH
0.00885 INCH

12.02291 MM
0.224769 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 78 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 4
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M11. Nozzle Mark :


N16 1" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (Piping branch from N4) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.24507 INCH

6.224769 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70956
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.02291
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.3526 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

8.955925 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 1", Sch. Std. 0.133
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

INCH

3.3782

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.358
INCH
0.31325 INCH
OK

8.38125
9.0932
7.95655

MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 79 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 6

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Rev. : 1

M12. Nozzle Mark : N5A, N5B & N12 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Head, F = 0.5)
No. of nozzles, n
3
[For vessels not subject to rapid flactuations in pressure, do not require reinforcement other than that inherent in the construction under the following conditions

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

1.5
INCH
40
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

0.95
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

24.13

MM

MM

0.01424 INCH

0.36174

MM

0.25046 INCH

6.36174

MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.28177 INCH

7.156958 MM

Use Nozzle 1-1/2" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. XXS,


with Thickness 0.4" (10.16 MM).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.4

INCH

10.16

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (10.16 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (5.89 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.35
0.11378
7388.89
2151.08

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

8.89
2.89
520.1778
151.4363

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 80 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 6
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M12. Nozzle Mark :

N5A, N5B & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

1.5
INCH
XXS
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell Thickness
Shell Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell Thickness
Shell Thickness less Corrosion Allowance

0.86614
0.23622
0.86614
0.62992

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

22
6
22
16

MM
MM
MM
MM

0.4
0.35
0.23622
0.11378
0.11378
0.86614
1
1
1
1
62.9921
61.7323
30.8661

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

10.16
8.89
6
2.89
2.89
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
1568
784

MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

48.26
27.94
0
40
7.225
42.48
21.24

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

less Pipe Tolerance 12.5% (12.5% NA)

& 12.5%, t (12.5% NA)

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn
Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell Outside Diameter, OD
Shell Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d' = OD - 2*tn

Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

1.9
1.1
0
1.5748
0.28445
1.67244
0.83622

INCH

40

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

0.5

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 81 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 6
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M12. Nozzle Mark :


N5A, N5B & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

7.26139 INCH
3.15984 INCH
7.26139 INCH

184.4394 MM
80.26
MM
184.4394 MM

0.75
0.4
6.39696
0.4
0.25
0.28
0.25

19.05
10.16
162.4828
10.16
6.35
7.112
6.35

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.35355 INCH
0.35433 INCH

8.980256 MM
9
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.86614
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
22
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.47256 INCH
0.01273 INCH

12.0029 MM
0.323262 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
[UG-27(c)(1)]
Shell
tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
Nozzle
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)
* Strength Reduction Factors :
Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 82 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 6
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M12. Nozzle Mark :


N5A, N5B & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
[UG-45 , UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

* Calculation of the Opening Finished Cord Length, d at the Midsurface of Shell Thickness :

Shell thickness less corrosion allowance, t


Min. required shell thickness, tr
Shell inside radius in corroded condition, R
Distance between center of nozzle and vessel centerline, L
Inside radius of nozzle circular opening, Rn
Nozzle wall thickness less corrosion allowance & 12.5%, tn
Shell mean radius, Rm = R + tr/2
O1 = ASIN((L-Rn)/Rm)
O2 = ASIN((L+Rn)/Rm))
O = O2 - O1
Finished cord length, d = 2 Rm *SQRT(1 - COS^2(O/2))

N.B. The opening finished cord length , d , of nozzle N8A is


the same as for nozzle N8B due to similarity of both
nozzles around vessel centerline ( L= 700 MM ).

0.62992
0.47256
30.8661
27.5591
0.83622
0.11378
31.1024

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

16
12.0029
784
700
21.24
2.89
790.0015

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

59.2256 DEG.
65.9177 DEG.
6.69214 DEG.
3.6307

INCH

92.21968 MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 83 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 6
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M12. Nozzle Mark :


N5A, N5B & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.24895 INCH

6.323262 MM

0.32997
0.32997
0.70878
0.32997

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

8.38125
8.38125
18.0029
8.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.32997 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.3631 INCH

8.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

9.222625 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 1-1/2", Sch. Std
0.145
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

3.683

MM

0.29872 INCH
0.48622 INCH

7.5875
12.35

MM
MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH

8.38125

MM

0.32997 INCH
0.4
INCH
0.35
INCH
OK

8.38125
10.16
8.89

MM
MM
MM

INCH

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 84 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 6 of 6
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M12. Nozzle Mark :


N5A, N5B & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (with reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

1.7313

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

INCH2

1116.963 MM2

0.56616 INCH
0.22887 INCH2
0.56616 INCH2

365.2611 MM
147.6604 MM2
365.2611 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 2 (tn - trn)(2.5tn+te) fr2
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.27213 INCH2
0.19882 INCH2
0.19882 INCH2

175.5649 MM2
128.2721 MM2
128.2721 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.3064
0.05534
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

0.10735 INCH2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 :


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

2.9476

INCH2

1901.673 MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5

3.92727 INCH2

2533.716 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.

NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

197.676
35.70523
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

69.255

MM2

196

MM2

69.255

MM2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 85 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M13. Nozzle Mark : N10A & N10B 1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Leg)
No. of nozzles, n
2
[For vessels not subject to rapid flactuations in pressure, do not require reinforcement other than that inherent in the construction under the following conditions

Nozzle Neck Thickness Calculation


Nozzle Size, NPS
Nozzle Material

0.5
INCH
15
ASME SA 106 Grade B

Design Pressure, P
Design Temperature
For nominated Design Pressure & Temperature, Flange Rating

257.898 PSIG
o
149
F
300#

18.156
65

17100
17100

1203.84
1203.84

Kg/CM2G

0.42
INCH
1
0.23622 INCH

10.668

MM

MM

0.0063

INCH

0.159927 MM

0.24252 INCH

6.159927 MM

By adding Pipe Tolerance 12.5% to the Thickness of Nozzle, t

0.27283 INCH

6.929918 MM

Use Nozzle 1/2" NPS with Selected Neck Sch. XXS,


with Thickness 0.294" (7.47 MM).
[Table 2 of ANSI B 36.10M-1985-(R-1994)]

0.294

INCH

7.4676

MM

Nozzle Neck Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle wall thickness less tolerance 12.5% - Corrosion allowance
MWP, New & cold (10.16 MM) P = Snt E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)
[App. 1.1]
MWP, Operating & corroded (5.89 MM) P = Sn E t /(Ron - 0.4 t)

0.25725
0.02103
13872.5
873.701

INCH
INCH

MM
MM

PSIG
PSIG

6.53415
0.53415
976.6252
61.50854

Nozzle Flange Maximum Working Pressure, MWP (New & Operating)


MWP, New & cold, 300# @ 100 oF
[ASME B.165, Table 2]
MWP, Operating & corroded, 300# @ 149 oF
[ANSI B16.5, Table 2]

740
708.15

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G
52.096
49.85376 Kg/CM2G

[UG-45, UG-27 & APPENDIX 1-1]

DN

Kg/CM2G
o

[ANSI/ASME B16.5-1996]

Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn


Max. Allowable Stress of Nozzle Materiall @ Test Temp.(40 oC), Snt

PSIG
PSIG

Kg/CM2G

[Table 1A, SubPart 1, ASME Sec. II, Part D]

Outside Radius of Nozzle, Ron


Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En (Seamless Pipe)
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can
Nozzle Thickness Calculation :
Longitudinal Stress, t = PRon /(Sn*En + 0.4 P)
By adding Corrosion Allowance, t

[Appendix 1.1]
[UG-25]

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 86 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

M13. Nozzle Mark :

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N10A & N10B, 1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at leg) (cont.)

Nozzle Opening Calculation Without Reinforcing


Nozzle Pipe Size, NPS
Nozzle Pipe Sch.
Design Pressure, P
Design Temparture

0.5
INCH
XXS
257.898 PSIG
o
149
F

Shell Material
Nozzle Material
Reinforcing Pad Material
Allowable Stress of Shell Material, Sv
Allowable Stress of Nozzle Material, Sn
Allowable Stress of Pad Material, Sp

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA 106 Grade B
ASME SA516 Grade 70
20000
PSIG
1408
17100
PSIG
1203.84
20000
PSIG
1408

Shell (leg) Thickness


Shell (leg) Corrosion Allowance, Cas
Shell (leg) Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Shell (leg) Thickness less Corrosion Allowance & 12.5%, t

0.5
0.23622
0.4375
0.20128

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

12.7
6
11.1125
5.1125

MM
MM
MM
MM

Nozzle Wall Nominal Thickness


Nozzle Wall Thickness less Pipe Tolerance 12.5%
Nozzle Corrosion Allowance, Can

0.294
0.25725
0.15748
0.09977
0.09977
0.86614
1
1
1
1
20
19.5974
9.79872

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

7.4676
6.53415
4
2.53415
2.53415
22

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH

508
MM
497.775 MM
248.8875 MM

0.84
0.252
0
0.5032
0.24942
0.64046
0.32023

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

21.336
6.4008
0
12.78125
6.335375
16.2677
8.13385

Nozzle Wall Thick. less Corr. Allowance & 12.5% , tn


Nozzle Wall Thick.of Internal Projection (less Corr. Allowance & 12.5%), ti

Reinforced Pad Thickness, te


Joint Efficiency of Shell, E
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle, En
Correction Factor, F
[UG-37(a)]
E1
[Nozzle in solid plate]
Shell (leg) Outside Diameter, OD
Shell (leg) Inside Diameter in Corroded Condition, 2R = OD - 2 t
Shell (leg) Inside Radius in Corroded Condition, R
Nozzle Outside Diameter, OD
Nozzle Inside Diameter, ID
Nozzle Projection beyond Inner Vessel Wall, h = min. (h1,h2)
h1 = 2.5 t
h2 = 2.5 ti
Nozzle ID Without Corrosion Allowance & 12.5% , d = OD - 2*tn

Finished Radius of Circular Opening, Rn

[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]

15

DN

18.15602 Kg/CM2G
o
65
C

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 87 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M13. Nozzle Mark :


N10A & N10B, 1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at leg) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation With Reinforcing (cont.)
[UG-27(c) & APPENDIX 1-1]
* Outside Diameter of Reinforced Pad (if used)

[UG-40(b)&FIG.UG-37.1]

Dp1 = 2 d
Dp2 = 2 (Rn + nozzle wall thk. , tn + vessel wall thk. , t )
OD of Reinf. Pad, Dp = the greater of Dp1 or Dp2
CALCULATING SIZE OF FILLET WELDS :

1.28092 INCH
1.24256 INCH
1.28092 INCH

32.5354
31.561
32.5354

MM
MM
MM

0.75
0.294
6.39696
0.294
0.25
0.2058
0.2058

19.05
7.4676
162.4828
7.4676
6.35
5.22732
5.22732

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

[UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1]

* For Outward Nozzle Weld [UW-16(c)(2)&FIG.UW-16.1SKETCH (c)]


Calculation of tmin. :
tmin.1 = 0.75 inch
tmin.2 (nozzle wall nominal thickness)
tmin.3 (shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. & tmin.3
Calculation of tc :
tc1 = 0.25 inch
tc2 = 0.7 t min.
tc = lesser of tc1 & tc2
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outward Nozzle Weld = SQRT2 * tc
Use Leg with Dimension E in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* For Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld (Not Applicable)

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

0.29105 INCH
0.31496 INCH

7.392547 MM
8
MM

0.75
0.86614
0.5
0.75
0.375

19.05
22
12.7
19.05
9.525

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

0.53033 INCH
0.55118 INCH

13.5
14

MM
MM

0.12734 INCH
0.00487 INCH

3.234404 MM
0.123793 MM

[FIG.UW-16 SKETCH (c)]

tmin.1 = 0.75 inch


tmin.2 ( te = thk. of reinforcing element)
tmin.3 ( shell wall thickness)
tmin. = lesser of tmin.1, tmin. 2 & tmin.3
1/2 t min.
By Considering Equal Legs Fillet Welds :
Leg of Outer Pad Weld = SQRT(2)*(tmin./2)
Use Leg with Dimension D in DWG. No. 7434-33-3A
* Wall Thickness Required :
Shell (leg)
Nozzle
* Strength Reduction Factors :

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

[UG-27(c)(1)]

tr = PR / (SE - 0.6 P)
trn = PRn /(SnEn - 0.6 P)

Sp / Sv
fr1 = Sn / Sv
fr2 = Sn / Sv
fr3 = lesser of Sn/Sv or Sp/Sv
fr4 = Sp / Sv

1
0.855
0.855
0.855
1

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 88 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M13. Nozzle Mark :


N10A & N10B, 1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at leg) (cont.)
Min. Nozzle Neck Wall Thickness Check Per UG-45
A. Wall Thickness per UG-45(a) :

trna = trn + Can

B. Wall Thickness per UG-45(b) : trnb = Min. (trnb1, trnb2, trnb3, trnb4)
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(1), trnb1 = Min. (trnb11, trnb12)
trnb11 = tr + Cas (tr for shell or head at E=1)
trnb12 = Min Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), see below
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(2), trnb2 (apply to external pressure only),

0.16235 INCH

4.123793 MM

0.25123
0.25123
0.36356
0.25123

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

6.38125
6.38125
9.234404
6.38125

NA

INCH

#VALUE! MM

Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(3), trnb3 (apply to internal & external pressure)
= Max. (trnb1, trnb2)
0.25123 INCH
Wall Thickness per UG-45(b)(4), trnb4
= Min. thickness of std. wall pipe (1-0.125)+ Can
0.25286 INCH

6.38125

MM
MM
MM
MM

MM

6.422525 MM

(Under tolerance12.5% in accordance with ASME B36.10M)

Nominal thickness of std. pipe wall thickness, NPS 1/2", Sch. Std0.109
Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12
I - Min. Wall Thickness 1/16" + Cas
II - Min. Wall Thickness of Unfired Steam Boilers = 1/4" + Cas
III - Min. Wall Thickness of Shell/Head in Compressed Air
Service, Steam Service, and Water Service = 3/32" + Cas
Selected Vessel Service in our case is : Case III (compressed air)
So, the Min. Wall Thickness per UG-16(b), trnb12

The min. nozzle wall thk. = Max. thk. determined by UG-45(a), or by UG-45(b)
The nominal nozzle pipe wall thk.
The min. nozzle thk. provided = t (1-0.125)
So, the thickness provided meets the rules of UG-45.
Since there is no superimposed loads, the vessel doesn't require
a calculationon shear stresses caused by UG-22(c).

INCH

2.7686

MM

0.21998 INCH
0.40748 INCH

5.5875
10.35

MM
MM

0.25123 INCH

6.38125

MM

0.25123 INCH

6.38125

MM

0.25123 INCH
0.294
INCH
0.25725 INCH
OK

6.38125
7.4676
6.53415

MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 89 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 5
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

M13. Nozzle Mark :


N10A & N10B, 1/2" NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF (located at leg) (cont.)
Nozzle Opening Calculation Without Reinforcing
[UG-27]
Area of Reinforcement (without reinforcing Element) :
Required Area, A = d tr F + 2 tn tr F(1-fr1)

0.08524 INCH2

54.99329 MM2

Area Available in Shell, A1:


A11 = d (E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-fr1)
A12 = 2 (t + tn)(E1 t - F tr) - 2tn (E1 t - F tr)(1-f r1)
A1 = The Greater of A11 or A12

0.04522 INCH
0.04238 INCH2
0.04522 INCH2

29.17209 MM
27.34207 MM2
29.17209 MM2

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward, A2 :


A21 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 t
A22 = 5 (tn - trn) fr2 tn
A2 = The Lesser of A21 or A22

0.08166 INCH2
0.04047 INCH2
0.04047 INCH2

52.68061 MM2
26.11258 MM2
26.11258 MM2

Area Available in Inward Nozzle, A3 : (Not applicable)


A31 = 5 t ti fr2
A32 = 5 ti ti fr2
A33 = 2 h ti fr2
A3 = The Greater of A31, A32 or A33

0.08585
0.04255
0
0

Area Available in Outward Nozzle Weld, A41:


A41 = (LEG)2 fr3

0.08482 INCH2

Area Available in Outer Reinforcing Pad Weld, A42:


A42 = (LEG)2 fr4

0.3038

Area Available in Inward Nozzle Weld, A43 :


A43 = (LEG)2 fr2

0.08482 INCH2

Area Available in Reinforcing Pad, A5 : (Not applicable)


A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn) te fr4

0.3819

INCH2

246.3868 MM2

Total Area Available, AT :


AT = A1 + A2 + A41 + A42 + A43

0.25532 INCH2

164.7247 MM2

AT is greater than A, therefore opening is adequately reinforced.

NOTE. No need for Strength Path Calculations.

INCH2
INCH2
INCH2
INCH2

INCH2

55.38622
27.45369
0
0

MM2
MM2
MM2
MM2

54.72

MM2

196

MM2

54.72

MM2

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 90 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports


The design of saddle supports for horizontal cylindrical pressure
vessel shall include the required plate thicknesses calculations
for the following saddle components :
I. Top flange (reinforcement/wear) thickness , tf.
II. Web (saddle plate) thickness , tw.
III. Stiffener (rip plates) thickness , ts.
IV. Base plate thickness , tb.
The Design Data is as Follows :
Vessel type & position
Design pressure , P
Design temperature
Radiography (only for pressure parts, BW)
Vessel inside dia., D
Vessel outside dia., Do
Vessel outside radius, Ro
Vessel wall thickness, t
Corrosion allowance, C
Material :
shell
heads
saddles
Min. tensile stress : shell
heads
saddles
Min. yield stress, sy : shell & heads
saddles
Allowable tensile stress: shell
heads
saddles
Vessel weight ,
empty , W
liquid (water), Wc
Vessel total weight , Wt
Number of saddles used
Load per saddle , Q
Saddle angle of contact , B
Saddle width, b
Ring stiffeners adjacent to saddle

Cylindrical & Horizontal


257.898 PSI
18.156
o
149
F
65
85%
61.2598 INCH
1556
62.9921 INCH
1600
31.4961 INCH
800
0.86614 INCH
22
0.23622 INCH
6
ASME SA516 Grade 70
ASME SA516 Grade 70
ASME SA283 Grade C
60000
PSIG
4224
60000
PSIG
4224
55000
PSIG
3872
32000
PSIG
2252.8
30000
PSIG
2112
20000
PSIG
1408
20000
PSIG
1408
15700
PSIG
1105.28
16377.3 lb
7428
22383.1 lb
10152
38760.4 lb
17580
2
19380.2 lb
8790
120
DEG
11.811 INCH
300
N.A.

Kg/CM2G
o

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 91 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


Vessel Layout :

Figure (3)

Shell Inside Diameter, D


Shell wall thickness, ts
Head wall thickness (min.), th
Distance from tangent line - to - saddle support , A
Head depth - to - tangent line , Ho = ID / 4 + th
Shell length from Tangent - to - tangent (T/T) , L
Distance from tangent line - to - welding line (Skirt), l
Shell length from Welding - to - welding (W/W) , L'
Saddle - to - saddle distance (S/S) , L" = L - 2 A

61.2598
0.86614
0.7874
22.0472
16.1024
189.764
1.5748
186.614
145.669

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

1556
22
20
560
409
4820
40
4740
3700

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Total Ellipsoidal Head depth (external depth), H = Ho + l


Total vessel overall length = L + 2 Ho

17.6772 INCH
221.969 INCH

449
5638

MM
MM

16377.3 lb
22383.1 lb
38760.4 lb

7428
10152
17580

Kg
Kg
Kg

Vessel weight ,

empty , W
liquid (water), Wc
Vessel total weight (water), Wt

Figure (4)

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 92 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


(a) Determining the number of stiffeners (rip plates) and its thickness, ts
*An approximate approach for determining the number
of stiffeners, N is :
N = m" / 24 + 1 (empirical formula)
where m" = total length of base plate , in.
50.3937 INCH
= 0.8 x vessel O.D. , in.
N
3.09974
Use 4 stiffeners, n

1280

MM

* Total length of base plate m , can also be calculated


in accordance with saddle angle of contact, B :
m' = 2 (Ro + tf) sin B
Use m

55.5075 INCH
62.9921 INCH

1409.889 MM
1600
MM

* The stiffener (rip plate) thickness (ts) is 3/8" (9.5 mm)


min. for vessels up to 6 ft (1830 mm) in diameter ,
Therefore use 4 stiffeners with thickness , ts

0.55118 INCH

14

MM

Baseplate-Stiffeners' fillet weld clearance, cl = Min. (ts , tb)

0.59055 INCH

15

MM

The stiffeners are equaly spaced by, Ss = [m-2(0.5ts+cl)]/(n-1)


Use equally spaced stiffeners, Ss

20.4199 INCH
20.4199 INCH

518.6667 MM
518.6667 MM

11.811 INCH
5.03937 INCH
37.8346 INCH

300
128
961

Use b
Use rip plate width, Rw = 1/2[b - (2*cl + tw)]
Use distance, c

MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 93 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


(b) Calculation of top flange (reinforcement) thickness, tf :
Flange thickness ,
tf = SQRT(6*Mb / Sb)
Where ,
Mb = Bending Moment, lb-in.
Sb = Allowable design bending stress
= 0.66 Sy ( per AISC Spesifications)
P
b
b
M b = ----II x ---- x ---- = P
b
2
4

II

19800

PSIG

1393.92

19380.2
31.4961
120
120

lb
8790
INCH
800
Degree
Degree

Kg/CM2G

b
----8

Pll = Linear load per unit lengh , lb/in.

Q
1 + cos B
P = ---- [ --------------------------] .
II
Ro II - B + cos B * sin B
Q = load per one saddle , lb
Ro = Vessel outside radius , in.
0 = Angle of contact , deg.
B

= 180 - 0 /2

Kg
MM

500.925 lb/in

8945.495 Kg/M

739.555 lb-in

8.520584 Kg-M

Flange thickness ,
tf = SQRT(6*Mb / Sb)
Use top flange plate thickness , tf

0.4734 INCH
0.55118 INCH

12.02436 MM
14
MM

Use top flange plate width, B = 2* Rip width + 2*(55) + tw

14.9606 INCH

380

. . PI

. . Bending moment , Mb

MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 94 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


(c) Calculation of web (saddle) plate thickness , tw :
Use 0.5" thick plate min. ( i.e. assume tw = 0.5" )
Calculate the max. allowable height h of a 1" wide
strip column 0.5" thick under PII .
2
Area ,
a = 1 x 0.5 IN.
Min. radius of gyration ,
k = 0.289 tw

From

0.5

INCH

13

MM

18000

----= ---------------------------]
a
2
1
h

1+ -------- [ ---- ]
18000

We get h = tw * SQRT [(1500/PII)(18000 tw - PII )]


= 2127 MM > distance c (961 MM)
Where c

79.7655 INCH

2026.044 MM

37.8346 INCH

961

MM

Use web ( saddle ) with thickness , tw

0.55118 INCH

14

MM

tb = SQRT [(Q * b) / 26400 * m]

0.371

9.423482 MM

Use base plate with thickness , tb

0.98425 INCH

(d) Calculation of base plate thickness , tb :

* Check for the bearing pressure :


Bearing pressure = Q / (b*m)

INCH

25

MM

26.0486 PSIG
1.833821 Kg/CM2G
< 750 PSI allowable
OK

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 95 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 6 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


D. Stresses in Shell Due to Temperature Expansion :
Expansion dl = a * l * dT
Where dl =
a = Thermal expansion coefficent
l = Tangent - to - tangent distance (T/T) , in.
dT = Difference in temp. = 167-70
(consider ampient temp. 70 oF )
Expansion , dl

o
79
F
o
70
F
0.10644 INCH

26.11111 oC
21.11111 oC
2.703538 MM

0.1
1938.02
26.047
3.28084
37.8346
70.8661

INCH
ft.
INCH
INCH

879
661.5947
1000
961
1800

Kg
MM
MM
MM
MM

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

1600
300
380
270

MM
MM
MM
MM

Job No. : 7434-33

7.1E-06

Therefore use slots for anchor bolts located in the sliding


saddle with distance c/c 65 MM , and provide lubrite
plates underneath the sliding saddle .
Friction coefficient, fo
Shear force at the saddle base, fo * Q
Centroid of saddle arc, xo = ro * sin 60 / rad. 60
Use Saddle height under vessel
Distance, c
Elevation ,
Z =Ro + tf + c + tb

lb

Support Saddle Detail :

Figure (5)

m
b
B
Width of outside stiffeners, Sw = 2 Rw + tw

62.9921
11.811
14.9606
10.6299

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 96 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 7 of 7
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

N. Design of Saddle Supports (cont.)


Bending moment = fo * Q ( Z - xo )
This bending moment is counteracted by the weight of
the vessel , Q * b/2 .
i.e
fo * Q ( Z - xo ) = Q * b/2
Therefore , the min. value for
b = 2 * BM /Q
( the value used for b = 300 MM > 227.68 MM )

86860.3 lb-in.

1000.738 Kg-M

8.96382 INCH
227.6811 MM
OK
< 300
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 97 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test [UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]


Min. Design Metal Temperature, MDMT

1. Pressure Parts Materials


a. Shell Plate :
ASME SA516 Grade 70 (normalized)
b. Formed Heads : ASME SA516 Grade 70 (normalized)
c. Flanges : ASME SA105 (normalized/tempered) (Castings)
d. Nozzle Necks : ASME SA106 Grade B (Seamless Pipe Nozzles)

10

-12

THICK.

THICK.

INCH

MM

0.9
0.8
0.94

22
20
24

P No Gr No

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
1

CURVE

D
D
B
B

M1. Nozzle Mark : N11, 1-1/2"NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF(Located entirely within0.4
a centrally
10.16
located circle of head's leg
M2. Nozzle Mark : N8 24" NPS, Sch. 30, 300# WNRF (Manhole Located at Shell0.56
with Reinforcement
14.27
M3. Nozzle Mark : Leg 20"NPS, Sch. 30 (Leg Located at Shell with Reinforcement0.5
12.7
M4. Nozzle Mark : N1 8"NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
0.5
12.7
10.97
M5. Nozzle Mark : N1 6" NPS, Sch. 80 300# WNRF (Located at Blind Flange of N0.43
M6. Nozzle Mark : N2 6" NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (located at shell) (cont.)
0.43
10.97
M7. Nozzle Mark : N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
0.44
11.13
M8. Nozzle Mark : N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
0.44
11.13
M9. Nozzle Mark : N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch.160, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell0.34
8.74
0.4
10.16
M10. Nozzle Mark : N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell
M11. Nozzle Mark : N16 1" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Piping branch from N 0.36
9.09
M12. Nozzle Mark : N5A, N5B & N12 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located
0.4at Head,
10.16
F
M12. Nozzle Mark : N16 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell, F = 0.5)

0.4

10.16

M13. Nozzle Mark : N10A & N10B 1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at0.29
Leg

7.47

Note : Rest of nozzles are N17, N18 and N19 which represent the instruments for LC & LG.

e. Fittings :
Half Coupling : ASME SA 105

f. Stud Bolts :
g. Nuts :

Tees : ASME SA234 WPB


N1, 3/4"

3000#

1
0.4

ASME SA193 Grade B7, Galvanized


ASME SA194 Grade 2H, Galvaanized

2. Non-Pressure Parts Materials


a. Saddle Plate :
ASME SA516 Grade 70
b. Lifting Lug Reinf. Plate : ASME SA516 Grade 70 (if required)

10.97

2.5
2.5

0.6
0.9

63.5
63.5 to be checked

14
22

1
1

2
2

D
D

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 98 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)


1. Pressure Parts Materials
a. For cylindrical shell
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, Cas
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 0.551")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.2]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing
Impact testing required ?

b. For formed heads


Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, Cah
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.3385827")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing
Impact testing required ?

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

ASME SA516 Grade 70


Normalized
D
o
10
F
-12
0.86614 INCH
22

C
MM

Below, so we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)

0.47256
0.23622
0.85
-36.2835
0.63765
35
-71.2835
NO

INCH
INCH

12.0029
6

-37.93526 oC

F
> 0.35
o
F
o
F

MM
MM

[Fig. UCS-66-1]

1.666667
-57.3797

ASME SA516 Grade 70


Normalized
D
o
10
F
-12
0.787
INCH
20

C
C

C
MM

Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)

0.46538 INCH
0.23622 INCH
0.85
-39.632 oF
0.7182 > 0.35
o
30
F
-69.632 oF
No

11.82059 MM
6
MM
-39.79556 oC
[Fig. UCS-66-1]

-1.111111 oC
-56.46222 oC

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 99 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)


c. For B16.5 flanges :
Material
ASME/ANSI
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Impact testing exemption temp.

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

ASME SA105
B16.5

[UCS-66(c)(1)]

B
10
-20

F
F

Ferritic Steel

-12
-29

C
C

Note. The same condition apply for flanges B16.47, split loose
flanges of SA216 Grade WCB and LWN flanges.
[UCS-66(c)(2),(3)&(4)]

For blind flanges :


- M2, N8 24" NPS, 300# :
Material
ASME/ANSI
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Blind thickness, tA
Governing thickness, tg1 = tA/4

ASME SA105
B16.5

Ferritic Steel

B
o
10
F
2.75197 INCH

-12
69.9

0.68799

17.475

MM

C
MM

[Fig. UCS-66.3(c)]

MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 2.9374016")

For blind flanges :


- M4, N1 8" NPS, 300# :
Material
ASME/ANSI
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Blind thickness, tA
Governing thickness, tg1 = tA/4

10.0394

ASME SA105
B16.5

-12.20035 oC

Ferritic Steel

B
o
10
F
1.61811 INCH

-12
41.1

0.40453

10.275

MM

-16.6929 oF

-27.05162 oC

C
MM

[Fig. UCS-66.3(c)]

MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 2.9374016")

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 100 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

d.
M1. Nozzle Mark : N11, 1-1/2"NPS, Sch. XXS, 300# WNRF(Located entirely within a centrally located circle of head's leg
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
MDMT
10
F
-12
C
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.4
INCH
10.16
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.01279 INCH
0.324866 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 2.9374016")
-17.2
F
-27.33333 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.06638 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-152.2
F
-102.3333 oC
Impact testing required ?
No

M2. Nozzle Mark : N8 24" NPS, Sch. 30, 300# WNRF (Manhole Located at Shell with Reinforcement)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
MDMT
10
F
-12
C
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.56181 INCH
14.27
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.17874 INCH
4.540115 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.8759843")
-1.06614 oF
-18.37008
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.46664 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-136.066 F
-93.37008 oC
Impact testing required ?
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 101 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

M3. Nozzle Mark : Leg 20"NPS, Sch. 30 (Leg Located at Shell with Reinforcement)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
-12
C
MDMT
10
F
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.5
INCH
12.7
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we need to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.06257 INCH
1.589294 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.6259843")
-7
F
-21.66667 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.20163 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-142
F
-96.66667 oC
Impact testing required ?
No

M4. Nozzle Mark : N1 8"NPS, Sch. 80, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, Can
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA 106 Grade B


Tempered
B
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.5
INCH
12.7
MM
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.06257 INCH
1.589294 MM
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
0.85
o
-7
F
-21.66667 oC
0.20163 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
-142
F
-96.66667 oC
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 102 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 6 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

M5. Nozzle Mark : N1 6" NPS, Sch. 80 300# WNRF (Located at Blind Flange of N1)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
-12
C
MDMT
10
F
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.43189 INCH
10.97
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.F/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.04766 INCH
1.210501 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
-7
F
-21.66667 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.20703 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-142
F
-97
C
Impact testing required ?
No

#REF!
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, Can
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA 106 Grade B


Tempered
B
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.43189 INCH
10.97
MM
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.04826 INCH
1.22572 MM
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
0.85
-13.6283 oF
-25.34908 oC
0.20963 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
-148.628 F
-100.3491 oC
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 103 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 7 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

M7. Nozzle Mark : N9 4" NPS, Sch. 120, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, Can
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA 106 Grade B


Tempered
B
o
o
-12
C
10
F
0.43819 INCH
11.13
MM
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.03201 INCH
0.812955 MM
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
0.85
-12.9339 oF
-24.96325 oC
0.1347 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
-147.934 F
-99.96325 oC
No

M8. Nozzle Mark : N18 3" NPS, Sch. 160, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, Can
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA 106 Grade B


Tempered
B
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.43819 INCH
11.13
MM
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.0244 INCH
0.619668 MM
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
0.85
-12.9339 oF
-24.96325 oC
0.10267 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
o
-147.934 F
-100
C
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 104 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 8 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

M9. Nozzle Mark : N3, N4 & N7 2" NPS, Sch.160, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
-12
C
MDMT
10
F
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.34409 INCH
8.74
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.01652 INCH
0.419494 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
-20
F
-28.88889 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.13013 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-155
F
-103.8889 oC
Impact testing required ?
No

M10. Nozzle Mark : N6 & N17 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Shell)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
MDMT
10
F
-12
C
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.4
INCH
10.16
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.01273 INCH
0.323262 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
-17.2
F
-27.33333 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.06605 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-152.2
F
-102
C
Impact testing required ?
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 105 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 9 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

M11. Nozzle Mark : N16 1" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Piping branch from N4)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
-12
C
MDMT
10
F
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.35787 INCH
9.09
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.00885 INCH
0.224769 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
-20
F
-28.88889 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.06183 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-155
F
-103.8889 oC
Impact testing required ?
No

M12. Nozzle Mark : N5A, N5B & N12 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Head, F = 0.5)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
MDMT
10
F
-12
C
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.4
INCH
10.16
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.01273 INCH
0.323262 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
-17.2
F
-27.33333 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.06605 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-152.2
F
-102
C
Impact testing required ?
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 106 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 10 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

M12. Nozzle Mark : N5A, N5B & N12 1-1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Head, F = 0.5)

Material

ASME SA 106 Grade B

Condition

Tempered

Curve

B
o

MDMT

10

-12

Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)

0.4

INCH

10.16

MM

Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness

Below , w e have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)

Required thickness, tr

0.012726838

INCH

0.323261675

MM

Corrosion allow ance, Can

0.236220472

INCH

MM

Joint efficiency, E = E*

0.85
o

MDMT w ithout impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")

-17.2

-27.33333333

Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)

0.066051063

< 0.35

[Fig. UCS-66-1]

[Fig. UCS-66.1]

Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]

135

Adjusted MDMT w /o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]

-152.2

Impact testing required ?

No

57.22222222

-102.3333333

M13. Nozzle Mark : N10A & N10B 1/2" NPS, Sch.XXS, 300# WNRF (Located at Leg)
Material
ASME SA 106 Grade B
Condition
Tempered
Curve
B
o
o
MDMT
10
F
-12
C
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
0.29409 INCH
7.47
MM
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
Required thickness, tr
0.00487 INCH
0.123793 MM
Corrosion allowance, Can
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
Joint efficiency, E = E*
0.85
o
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.1496063")
-20
F
-28.88889 oC
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
0.07158 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
o
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
-155
F
-104
C
Impact testing required ?
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 107 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 11 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)


e. Stud bolts :
Material
Curve
Size
MDMT
Impact testing exemption
[Fig. UCS-66, Bolting]

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

ASME SA193 Grade B7


0
1.25
INCH
31.75
o
10
F
-12
o
-55
F
-48

MM
C
o
C
o

[Size 1.25" < 2.5"]

Nuts :
Material
Curve
Size
MDMT
Impact testing exemption

[Fig. UCS-66, Bolting]


[Size 1.25" < 2.5"]

f. Fittings : For equal tee : 1.5" x 1.5"


Size, NPS
Sch.
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, C
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.0669291")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA 194 Grade 2H


0
1.25
INCH
31.75
o
10
F
-12
o
-55
F
-48

MM
C
o
C
o

1.5
INCH
XXS
ASME SA234 Grade WPB
Tempered
B
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.4
INCH
10.16
MM
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.01273 INCH
0.323262 MM
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
0.85
o
-17.2
F
-27.33333 oC
0.06605 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
-152.2
F
-102.3333 oC
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 108 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 12 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)

f. Fittings (cont.): For equal tee : 2" x 1"


Size, NPS
Sch.
Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, C
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing (for thickness 1.0669291")
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

2
INCH
XXS
ASME SA234 Grade WPB
Tempered
B
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.34409 INCH
8.74
MM
Below, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.01652 INCH
0.419494 MM
0.23622 INCH
6
MM
0.85
-23.4614 oF
-30.8119 oC
0.13013 < 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
135
F
57.22222 oC
o
-158.461 F
-105.8119 oC
No

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 109 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 13 of 13
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

O. Lowest MDMT Without Impact Test (cont.)


2. For Non-Pressure Parts :

[UG-20(f)] , [UCS-66] & [FIG.UCS-66]

a. Saddle Plate (tf) :


Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness) (tf)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, C
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA516 Grade 70


Normalized
D
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.55118 INCH
14
MM
Belo, we have to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.4734 INCH
12.02436 MM
0
INCH
0
MM
0.85
-51.7244 oF
-46.51356 oC
0.73005 > 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
20
F
-6.666667 oC
o
-71.7244 F
-57.62467 oC
No

b. Lifting Lug Reinf. Plate :


Material
Condition
Curve
MDMT
Nominal thickness, tn (adopted thickness)
Point of combination of MDMT & thkickness
Required thickness, tr
Corrosion allowance, C
Joint efficiency, E = E*
MDMT without impact testing
Ratio = tr . E / (tn -c)
[Fig. UCS-66.1]
Reduction in MDMT [Temp. versus ratio in Fig. UCS-66.1]
Adjusted MDMT w/o impact testing [UCS-66(b)]
Impact testing required ?

ASME SA516 Grade 60


Normalized
D
o
o
10
F
-12
C
0.86614 INCH
22
MM
Above, no need to check ratio tr.E/(tn-c)
0.86614 INCH
22
MM
0
INCH
0
MM
1
-31.5669 oF
-35.31496 oC
1
> 0.35 [Fig. UCS-66-1]
o
0
F
-17.77778 oC
o
-31.5669 F
-35.31496 oC
No

Conclusion :
MDMT without Impact Testing for Whole Vessel

10

-12

So, the vessel can be operated at the nominated MDMT with impact test exemption in accordance with UG-20(f),
UCS-66 and Fig. UCS-66.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 110 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

P. Radiography

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Spot
RT3

Q. Hydrostatic Test Pressure


Design Temperature
Test Temperature
Internal Design Pressure, P (MAWP)

[UG-99(b)]

Max. Allowable Stress @ Design Temperature, S


Max. Allowable Stress @ Test Temperature, St

o
149
F
o
86
F
255.682 PSI

65
30
18

20000
20000

1408
1408

Kg/CM2G

PSIG
PSIG

C
C

Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G

[TABLE 1A, SUBPART 1, ASME SEC. II, PART D]

Hydrostatic Test Pressure, Ph = 1.3 * MAWP (St/S)

332.386 PSI

23.4

Kg/CM2G

Client Request for Hydrostatic Test Pressure, Ph = 1.5 * MAWP (St/S)

383.523 PSI

27

Kg/CM2G

Check for hydrostatic test : For shell, S = Ph ( R + 0.6 t ) / E t

16229.6 PSIG
20000
PSIG

2
1142.561 KG/CM G
OK

Max. Working Pressure (New & Cold) for Whole of Vessel , MWPn

435.6745808

PSIG

30.67149147

Kg/CM2G

Max. Working Pressure (Operating & corroded) for Whole of Vessel, MWPo

305.3623162

PSIG

21.49750775

Kg/CM2G

Shop Hydrostatic Test Pressure (new & cold), Ph = 1.3 * MWPn (St/S)

566.3769551

PSI

39.87293891

Kg/CM2G

Check for shop hydrostatic test : For shell, S = Ph ( R + 0.6 t ) / E t

23967.41693

PSIG

1687.306187

KG/CM2G

20000

PSIG

OK

<

<

R. Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT)


[UW-40 & TABLE UCS-56]

Shell Material
P- No.
Gr. No.
Max. Welded Nominal Thickness (Shell)
Max. Welded Nominal Thickness (N1 8" 300# Blind)

ASME SA516 Grade 70


1
2
0.866
INCH
22
0.63
INCH
41.1

MM
MM

a. According to UW-40 & UCS-56(f), the vessel material is exempted from PWHT.
b. According to UW-40, UCS-56 and Table UCS-56, the joint between nozzle 6" NPS N1 & Blind Flange,
the vessel component shall be partially postweld heat treated in accordance to the following procedure :
1. Heating up to temp.
Starting from 350oC for a time
2. Holding temp.
for a time
3. Cooling up to
for a time
Up to room temp.

1148
1
1148
1
572
1
86

F
Hour
o
F
Hour
o
F
Hour
o
F

620
58
620
50
300
52
30

C
Minute
o
C
Minute
o
C
Minute
o
C

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 110a of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

C1
C2
from, OC to, OC
350
620

Heating
Heating Time = (Thickness, t) (C2-C1) / (Heating Rate, Rh)

Holding,

1.96797

Hour

Hr

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

Heating
Rate, Rh
Thickness
o
C /Hr/inch Inch
222
1.61811
58

Min. Holding Time per Thickness

Holding Time = (Thickness, t) (Min. Holding Time per Thickness, Th)

Cooling
Cooling Time = (Thickness, t) (C3-C4) / (Cooling Rate, Rc)

1
1.61811
1

Hr
Hr

C3
C4
from, OC to, OC
620
300
1.86257
1

Hour
Hr

50

Minutes

hr/Inch

Minutes

Cooling
Rate, Rc

Thickness
C /Hr/inch Inch
278
1.61811

52

Minutes

Note : 593 oC can be assumed to be 620 oC + /- 25 oC

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 111 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 3
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

S. Calculation of Vessel Weight


1.Volume of vessel :
Shell volume = 3.14 * R2 * L'
Head volume = 3.14 * R2 * (2*KD/3 + l )
( where KD = Depth of head ), K =

Head skirt, l
Total volume of vessel
Tangent - to - Tangent distance (T/T) , L
Welding - to - Welding distance (W/W) , L'
2.Weight of liquid water , Wc
Total Oveall Length = L + 2 H0
3.Weight of vessel empty , W :
a. weight of shell = II *(Ro2 - R2 ) * L' * $
( where $ = steel density )
b.weight of two ellipsoidal heads
=(3.14/4) * D2 * (4/3) * KD *$ = (3.14/3)*K*(Do3 -D3)*$
= 8*(3.14/3)*K*(Ro3 - R3)*$ + weight of 2 skirts
Weight of skirt of two ellipsoidal heads = II *(Ro2 - R2 ) * 2 Skirt* $
c. weight of saddles :
- Base plate, 1600x400x25
Saddle plate length
- Saddle plate, 1790x480x14
Web plate ( saddle plate ) height, h = Z - (Ro+tf) cos(B/2)
Web plate ( saddle plate ) width, Lw = m - 2*(ts + cl)
angle b = B/2
where h1 = height of segment
y = m - m' = (m-2cl) - 2 (Ro+tf) sin(B/2)
Area of segment, As = (Ro+tf)2 [(3.14 * b)/180 - Sin b* Cos b]
Area of web plate excluding segment, A = (m -2cl) * h - As - 2y2/SQRT(3)
- Weight of web plate (1542x1393x14) = A * tw * $
Rip plates weights (per saddle) :
Rip plates, thickness, ts
Rip plates # 1 width, Rw
Rip plates # 1 , height
Weight of rip plates # 1 (no. off 4 ) , 1006x178x14
Rip plates # 2 width, Sw
Rip plates # 2 , height
Weight of rip plates # 2 (no. off 2 ) , 1393x370x14
- Weight of rip plates ( per one saddle )
- Weight of one saddle
- Weight of two ( 2 ) saddles

0.00984 INCH
1.5748 INCH
189.764
186.614
22381.1
221.969

INCH
INCH

lb.
INCH

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

9.013374
0.569199
0.25
40
10.15177
4820
4740
10151.77
5638

M3
M3
MM
MM
3
M
MM
MM
Kg
MM

8946.77 lb.

4058.145 Kg
7850
Kg/M3

1789.08 lb.

811.5047 Kg

137.099 lb.

62.18644 KG

207.678 lb.
70.4724 INCH
164.806 lb.

94.2
Kg
1790
MM
74.75398 Kg

54.8425
60.7087
60
17.0079
6.30357

INCH
INCH
Deg.

1393
1542

INCH
INCH

432
MM
160.1106 MM
2
0.406956 M

MM
MM

424.118 lb.

1.750452 M2
192.3747 Kg

0.55118
5.03937
39.5046
124.476
10.6299
54.8425
182.256
306.732
1103.33
2206.67

14
128
1003.416
56.461
270
1393
82.66898
139.13
500.4587
1000.917

INCH
INCH
INCH
lb.
INCH
INCH
lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.

MM
MM
MM
Kg
MM
MM
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 112 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 3
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

S. Calculation of Vessel Weight (cont.)


Weight of leg : weight of pipe 20" Sch. 30, L = 600 MM
weight of cap 20" Sch.30
2
2
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp -OD ) te p

205.191 lb.
99.209 lb.
219.209 lb.

93.072
Kg
45
Kg
99.43042 Kg

e. Weight of nozzles
3434.11 lb.
1557.671
i. Weight of Nozzle, N12 24" Sch. 30, WNRF 300#
- weight of WN flange
544.547 lb.
247
- weight of nozzle pipe (184 MM)
85.0415 lb.
38.57376
753.989 lb.
342
- weight of Blind Flange
- weight of Stud Bolts & Nuts
74.0761 lb.
33.6
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
314.645 lb.
142.7193
ii. Weight of Nozzle, N1 10" Sch. 60, WNRF 300# :
- weight of SO flange
90.3905 lb.
41
- weight of nozzle pipe (180 MM)
32.362 lb.
14.679
127.869 lb.
58
- weight of Blind Flange
- weight of Stud Bolts & Nuts
15.6618 lb.
7.104
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
37.8217 lb.
17.15545
iii. Weight of Nozzle, N1 8" Sch. 80, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
66.1394 lb.
30
- weight of nozzle pipe (180+2000 MM)
310.668 lb.
140.9152
iv. Weight of Nozzle, N6 & N9 2" Sch. 160, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
26.4557 lb.
12
- weight of nozzle pipe (1490 MM)
218.973 lb.
99.3234
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
7.6038 lb.
3.448988
v. Weight of Nozzle, N3 & N7 3" Sch. 160, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
15.4325 lb.
7
7.53107 lb.
3.416
- weight of nozzle pipe (160 MM)
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
5.56824 lb.
2.525687
vi. Weight of Nozzle, N10 & N14 6" Sch. 120, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
0
lb.
0
- weight of nozzle pipe (160 MM)
0
lb.
0
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
0
lb.
0
vii. Weight of Nozzle, N9 4" Sch. 120, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
24.2511 lb.
11
- weight of nozzle pipe (160 MM)
9.98969 lb.
4.5312
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
9.74459 lb.
4.420027
viii. Weight of Nozzle, N2, N3, N4, N8A, N8B, N11, N13 & N16 1-1/2" Sch. 160, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
46.2976 lb.
21
- weight of nozzle pipe (160 MM)
45.1864 lb.
20.496
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
4.78483 lb.
2.170339

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 113 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 3
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

S. Calculation of Vessel Weight (cont.)


ix. Weight of Nozzle, N15 1" Sch. XXS, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
- weight of nozzle pipe (160 MM)
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
x. Weight of Nozzle, N5A & N5B 1/2" Sch. 160, WNRF 300# :
- weight of WN flange
- weight of nozzle pipe (160 MM)
- weight of Pad =3.14/4 (Dp2-OD2) te p
xi. Weight of Nozzle, N4 3/4", half coupling 3000# :

Weight of vessel empty (erection weight), W


Weight of test liquid (water), Wc
Total test weight (weight of vessel and test liquid), Wt

4.40929 lb.
7.53107 lb.
0.94545 lb.

2
Kg
3.416
Kg
0.428843 Kg

6.61394
15.0621
0.36083
0.55116

3
6.832
0.163669
0.25

Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg

7428
10152
17580

Kg
Kg
Kg

lb.
lb.
lb.
lb.

16376.1 lb.
22381.6 lb.
38757.7 lb.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 114 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method


Shell material
Heads material
Saddles material
Heads type
Design temperature
Vessel internal pressure, P
Allowable stress in shell, Sts
Allowable stress in heads, Sth
Allowable stress in web, Sw
Shell compression yield point, Y
Saddle & anchor bolt compression yield point, Re
Outer shell diameter, Do
Wall nominal thickness of shell, ts
Wall nominal thickness of heads (min.), th
Corrosion allowance for shell & heads, Cas
Shell joint efficiency, Es
Head joint efficiency, Eh

ASME SA516 Grade 70


ASME SA516 Grade 70
ASME SA283 Grade C
Ellipsoidal 2:1
o
149
F
65
255.682 PSIG
18
20000
PSIG
1408
20000
PSIG
1408
15700
PSIG
1105.28
32000
PSIG
2252.8
30000
PSIG
2112
62.9918 INCH
1600
0.866
INCH
22
0.7874 INCH
20
0.236
INCH
6
0.85
0.85

Head internal depth, h


Head depth -to- tangent line (external depth), Ho
Insulation thickness, tis
Wear (reinf./top flange) plate width, B
Wear (reinf./top flange) plate thickness, tf
Wall corroded thickness of shell
Wall corroded thickness of heads
Wall corroded thickness of shell + reinf. plate
Outer shell radius, Ro = Do / 2
Shell length from Tangent - to - tangent (T/T), L
Saddle - to - saddle distance (S/S), L"
Transverse distance between anchor bolts, Y

15.315
16.102
0
14.961
0.551
0.236
0.551
0.787
31.496
189.764
145.669
39.3701

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

389
409
0
380
14
6
14
20
800
4820
3700
1000

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Distance from tangent line -to- center of saddle support, A


Saddle contact angle, B
Longitudinal width of saddle at shell, b
Transverse width of saddle at shell (baseplate length), m
Height of saddle to vessel center line, Z
Web width of saddle, hs
Web thickness of saddle, tw
Equivalent diameter of vessel, Deq = 1.5 (Do + 2 * tis)
Equivalent length of vessel, Leq = L + 2Ho + 2 tis

22.047
120
14.961
62.992
70.866
62.992
0.551
94.488
221.969

INCH
Degree
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

560

MM

380
1600
1800
1600
14
2400
5638

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

MM
MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 115 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


1. Seismic & wind forces on vessel
a. Seismic force
UBC-1997
Total design force or shear at the base, F = z . I . C . Wt / Rw
5329.18 lb
Seismic Zone 2A :
For zone 2A : z = Seismic zone factor
[Table No. 23-I]
0.15
I = Importance factor
[Table No. 23-L]
1
C = Numerical coefficient
[Table No. 23-P]
2.75
Max.
Rw = Numerical coefficient
[TableS NoS. 23-O & 23-Q]
3

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

2417.25

Kg

17580

Kg

= 3 ( horizontal vessel on pier)

Total vessel dead weight, Wt

38757.7 lb

b. Wind force
F = Cf . Gh . qz . Af
qz = 0.00256 . kz . (I V)2
For exposure C :
h = Height
kz = Velocity pressure exposure coefficient
Wind Velocity, V = Basic wind speed
Gh = Gust response factor
Cf = Force coefficient

ANSI A58.1
27.0848 PSF

13.49792 N/M2

0-15
0.8
115
1.32
0.8

51.399

M/Sec.

2417.25
6.58192
919.1228
2417.25

Kg
M2
Kg
Kg

Ft
MPH

c. Forces in longitudinal direction

Figure ( 6 )

Seismic longitudinal force, Fls = z . I . C . Wt / Rw


Wind longitudinal exposed area, Afl = (pi/8*Deq + Z) * Deq
Wind longitudinal force, Flw = Cf . Gh . qz . Afl
Fl = Greater value of Fls & Flw

5329.18
70.8472
2026.34
5329.18

lb
Ft2
lb
lb

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 116 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 3 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


d. Forces in transverse direction

Figure ( 7 )

Seismic transverse force, Fts = 0.5 Fls = 0.5 x z x I x C x Wt / Rw


Wind transvere exposed area, Aft = Deq * Leq
Wind transverse force, Ftw = 0.5 x Cf x Gh x x qz x Aft
Ft = Greater value of Fts & Ftw

2664.59
145.649
2082.89
2664.59

lb
Ft2
lb
lb

1208.625
13.5312
944.7727
1208.625

Kg
M2
Kg
Kg

19378.8 lb

8790

Kg

2. Reaction force per saddle support


a. Reaction due to full vessel weight, Qo = Wt/2
b. Reaction in longitudinal direction due to earthquake & wind :
By taking moments about saddle support : Fl . Z = Ql . L"
Ql = Fl . Z / L"
c. Reaction in transverse direction due to earthquake & wind :
By taking moments about saddle support : Ft . Z = Qt . (m/2)
Qt = 3 ( 2 . Ft . Z / m)

2592.57 lb

1175.959 Kg

17986

lb

8158.219 Kg

d. Max. reaction due to earthquake & wind, Qmax. = Max. (Ql , Qt)

17986

lb

8158.219 Kg

e. Total reaction due to full vessel weight, earthquake and wind, Q


Total longitudinal reaction, Qlt = Qo + Ql
Total transverse reaction, Qtt = Qo + Qt
Q = Greater value of Qlt & Qtt

21971.4 lb
37364.8 lb
37364.8 lb

9965.959 Kg
16948.22 Kg
16948.22 Kg

3. Modified stresses at saddles :


Ratio (Qo + Qmax.) / Qo

1.92813

a. Modified circumferential stresses, SIG 5' = Ratio .

b. Modified tangential stresses,

<

OK

SIG 5' = Ratio .

<

OK

SIG 4' = Ratio .

<

OK

<

OK

SIG 2' = Ratio .

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 117 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 4 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


a. Stresses in longitudinal direction
Longitudinal force, Fl
5329.18 lb
Max. moment, Mmax. = Fl . Z
377658 lb-in.

2417.278 Kg
4351.091 Kg-M

Job No. : 7434-33

Figure ( 8 )

Cross-sectional Area, A = Lw * tw + 2 Sw * ts+ 2(n-2) Rw * ts


Moment of inertia, Ix-x = Lw*tw3/12+(n-2) ts*Sw3/12+2ts(Sw3-tw3)/12
Section modulus, Wx-x =Lw*tw2/6+2ts*Sw2/6+2ts(Sw3-tw3)/(6 Sw)
Dimension X1 = Ix-x / Wx-x
Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / Wx-x
Allowable bending stress, S' = 1.2 . S
Shear stress, T = Fl / A
Allowable shear stress, S' = 0.5 . S
b. Stresses in transverse direction
Transverse force, Ft
Max. moment, Mmax. = Ft . Z

56.2899
221.512
44.5915
4.96758
8469.26
18840
94.6738
7850
OK

INCH2
INCH4
INCH3
INCH
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG

2664.59 lb
188829 lb-in.

36316
92200201
730724.6
126.1764
596.2362
1326.336
6.665034
552.64

MM2
MM4
MM3
MM
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

1208.639 Kg
2175.546 Kg-M

Figure ( 9 )

Cross-sectional Area, A
56.2899
Moment of inertia, Iy-y = tw*Lw3/12+Sw[(Lw+2ts)3-Lw3]/12+2Rw((Ss(n-1-2)+ts)322429.5
Section modulus, Wy-y =tw*Lw2/6+Sw*[(Lw+2ts)3-Lw3]/6(Lw+2ts)]+2Rw[(Ss+ts 804.78
Dimension Y1 = Iy-y / Wy-y
27.8703
Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / Wy-y
234.634
Allowable bending stress, S' = 1.2 . S
18840
OK
Shear stress, T = Ft / A
47.3369
Allowable shear stress, S' = 0.5 . S
7850
OK

INCH2
INCH4
INCH3
INCH
PSI
PSI

36316
9.34E+09
13187989
707.9063
16.51823
1326.336

MM2
MM4
MM3
MM

PSI
PSI

3.332517 Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
552.64

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 118 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 5 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


1. Bending moment & bending stress at saddles
Bending moment at saddle in tension & compression, M1

A
R 2 H

1
+
L
2A L

= Q A 1
4H

1+

3L

823586

lb-in

9488.744 Kg-M

-1589.87 PSIG

2
201.4689 Kg/CM G
2
-111.9271 Kg/CM G

3333925 lb-in

38411.02 Kg-M

Longitudinal bending stress at midspan, S1' = - M1 / 3.14 R ts

-1235.31 PSIG

-86.9661

Kg/CM G

3. Stress in the shell due to internal pressure,


S = P R / (2 Es ts)

5470.01 PSIG

385.089

Kg/CM2

4. Sum of tensile stress


Value of S1 + S

8331.79 PSIG

Longitudinal bending stress in tension, S1 = M1 / K1 R2 ts

2861.77 PSIG
2

Longitudinal bending stress in compression, S1 = - M1 / K8 R ts


2. Bending moment & bending stress at midspan
Bending moment at midspan, M2

R 2 H2
1+ 2

2
4 A
L

M = QL

4H

L
1+

3L

'
1

'

-2825.19 PSIG

2
586.5578 Kg/CM G
2
-198.8932 Kg/CM G

Greater value of (S1 + S) & (S1 + S)

8331.79 PSIG

2
586.5578 Kg/CM G

Shell allowable tensile stress


Stress ratio = Greater stress/Allowable stress

20000
PSIG
0.41659 < 1

1408

1106.25 PSIG

77.88014 Kg/CM2G

16000
PSIG
0.06914 < 1

1126.4

Value of S1' + S
'

Kg/CM2G

Passed

5.Tangential shear stress, S2


5.a. Tangential shear stress on shell, S2
In case of A > R/2 and ring not used or rings are adjacent to the saddle.
S2 =

K2 Q L 2 A

4 H
R ts
L +

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S

Passed

Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 119 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 6 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


5.b. Tangential shear stress on shell, S2
In case of A > R/2 and ring used in plane of saddle.

K 3Q
L 2A
=
R ts L + 4H

301.362 PSIG

21.21585 Kg/CM2G

16000
PSIG
0.01884 < 1

1126.4

1216.68 PSIG

85.65414 Kg/CM2G

Head allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S

16000
PSIG
0.07604 < 1

1126.4

5.d. Tangential shear stress on shell


In case of A <= R/2
S2 = K4 Q / R ts
Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S
Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S

1205.51 PSIG
16000
PSIG
0.07534 < 1

84.86817 Kg/CM2G
1126.4
Kg/CM2G

5.e. Tangential shear stress on head


In case of A <= R/2

1325.85 PSIG

S2

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S

Kg/CM2G

Passed

5.c. Tangential shear stress on head, S2h


In case of A > R/2 and ring not used or rings are adjacent to th saddle.
S

2h

K 2 Q L2A
=
4H
R t h
L+
3

S2 = K4 Q / R th

Shell allowable tangential stress = 0.8 S


Stress ratio = S2 / 0.8 S
5.f. Additional tangential shear stress in head
In case of A <= R/2
S3 = K5 Q / R th

16000
PSIG
0.08287 < 1

Kg/CM2G

Passed

Passed

2
93.33971 Kg/CM G

1126.4

Kg/CM2G

Passed

604.165 PSI

2
42.53321 Kg/CM G

S3 + stress due to int. pres. (PR/(2Es ts)

5470.01 PSI

385.089

Kg/CM2G

Head allowable tensile stress = 1.25 S


Stress ratio = S3 / 1.25 S

25000
0.2188

1760

Kg/CM2G

PSI
<1

Passed

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 120 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 7 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


6. Circumferential stress
6.a. Circumferential stress at saddle horn
In case of L >= 8 R (unstiffened)
S4 =

Q
4 ts (b +1.56 Rts )

3K6 Q
2
2ts

Shell allowable circumferential stress = 1.5 S


Stress ratio = S4 / 1.5 S

-1806.46 PSIG

-127.1747 Kg/CM2G

30000
PSIG
0.06022 < 1

2112

-2828.5

-199.1262 Kg/CM2G

Kg/CM2G

Passed

6.b. Circumferential stress at saddle horn


In case of L < 8 R (unstiffened)

S4 =

Q
4 ts (b +1.56 R ts )

12K6 QR
Lts2

Shell allowable circumferential stress = 1.5 S


Stress ratio = S4 / 1.5 S

PSIG

Kg/CM2G

30000
PSIG
0.09428 < 1

2112

-1419.03 PSIG

-99.89967 Kg/CM2G

16000
PSIG
0.08869 < 1

1126.4

Passed

6.c. Circumferential stress at bottom of shell


(stiffened or unstiffened)

K
5

t s ( b + 1 . 56

R ts )

0.5 compression yield point of shell material


Stress ratio = S5 / 0.5 S
7. Check tension in web saddle
Horizontal force in web, Fw = K8 Q

Kg/CM2G

Passed

22531

Effective web area, Aw = hs tw

lb
2
34.7086 INCH

10219.78 Kg
2
22392.6 MM

Stress in web, Sw = Fw / Aw
Allowable stress in web, Saw = 0.6 Y
Stress ratio = Sw / 0.6 Y

649.147 PSIG
18000
PSIG
0.03606 < 1

45.69996 Kg/CM2G
1267.2
Kg/CM2G

Vertical force in web, Fv = Q


Stress in web, Sv = Fv / Aw
Allowable stress in web (compressiuon), Saw = 0.33 Y
Stress ratio = Sv / 0.33 Y

37364.8
1076.53
9900
0.10874

16948.22 Kg
488.3004 Kg
696.96
Kg/CM2G

lb
lb
PSIG
<1

Passed

Passed

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 121 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 8 of 8
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

T. Stresses in Vessel on Two Saddle Supports Using ZICK's Method (cont.)


8. Check of the saddle at the lowest section (web plate thickness) :
The saddle at the lowest section must resist the horizontal force (F).
The effective cross section of the saddle to resist this load is R/3.

Figure (10)

F = K11 . Q
To resist this force, the effective area of web plate, A = (R/3) . tw
The calculated stress, Scal. = F / A
The allowable stress, Sall. = (2/3) Sw
Stress ratio = Scal. / Sall.
So, the thickness of the web plate is satisfactory for horizontal force (F).

Values of Constant K
For contact angle B = 120o :
K1 (K1 = 3.14 if the shell is stiffened by ring or head, A > R/2)

7622.42
5.78668
1317.24
10466.7
0.12585

lb
INCH2
PSIG
PSIG
<1

3457.437
3733.333
92.73342
736.8534

Kg
MM2
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

Passed

120o
0.335

K2

1.171

K3 (K3 is constant for any contact angle)

0.319

K4

0.88

K5

0.401

K6 (K6 depends on the ratio A/R, see chart in vessel handbook)


K6 for A/R > 1.00

0.053

K6 for A/R < 0.5


A
R
A/R
K6 for A/R = 0.69

0.013
22.047 INCH
560
31.496 INCH
800
0.69999
0.0238 [From table]

K7

0.76

K8

0.603

K11

0.204

MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 122 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

U. Check for the Anchor Bolts Due to Seismic and Wind Loading
1. For longitudinal forces, Fl

Figure (11)

Fl
Max. moment, Mmax. = Fl . Z
Cross-sectional area per anchor bolt, Ab (7/8" M26)
No. of anchor bolts per saddle, nb
Total cross-sectional area of anchor bolts, A = nb . Ab

5329.18
377658
0.419
4
1.676

lb.
lb-in.
INCH2
each
INCH2

2417.25 Kg
4351.091 Kg-M
270.322 MM2

Shear stress, T = Fl / A
Bending stress, Sb = Mmax. / (A . L")
Resultant stress, Si = SQRT (Sb2 + 3 T2 )
Allowable stress, S' = 0.5 . Re

3179.7
1546.88
5720.52
15000

PSIG
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG

223.851
108.9005
402.7246
1056
OK

1081.288 MM2
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

2. For transverse forces, Ft

Figure (12)

Ft
Max. moment, Mmax. = Ft . Z
Cross-sectional area per anchor bolt, Ab (7/8" M26)
No. of anchor bolts per saddle, nb
Total cross-sectional area of anchor bolts, A = nb . Ab

2664.59
188829
0.419
4
1.676

lb.
lb-in.
INCH2
each
INCH2

1208.639 Kg
2175.546 Kg-M
270.322 MM2

Shear stress, T = Ft / A
Bending stress, Sb = 2 Mmax. / (A . Y)
Resultant stress, Si = SQRT (T2 + 3 Sb2 )
Allowable stress, S' = 0.5 . Re

1589.85
5723.45
10040
15000

PSIG
PSIG
PSIG
PSIG

111.9255
402.9309
706.8149
1056
OK

1081.288 MM2
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 123 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

V. Lifting Lugs Thickness Calculations


(Reference : Pressure Vessel Handbook)
Check of the thickness of lifting lugs :
Material
Allowable tensile strength
Allowable shear strength = 0.49 St
By neglecting the effect of both wind loads and pipe thrust,
assume 2 (two) lifting lugs with dimensions shown in Figure (13).
Leg of fillet weld, h = the thinner of thicknesses joined
= 10 MM (0.394 INCH)

ASME SA 516 Grade 70


20000
PSIG
1408
9800
PSIG
689.92

Kg/CM2G
Kg/CM2G

Figure (13)

Height of lifting lug, L


Thickness of lifting lug, b
Fillet weld, h
Length of lifting lug, l
F = Wt / (SQRT2)
Vertical component of F, F1 = F/ SQRT2
Horizontal component of F, F2 = F1
Average unit stress
= 0.707 * F1 / h * I
Max. expected normal stress :
= F2 / (h*I *(b+h))*SQRT(2L2+(b+h)2))
<
Allowable shear strength

6.49606
0.86614
0.64961
7.08661
27405.8
19378.8
19378.8
3241.38

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
lb.
lb.
lb.
PSIG

298.273 PSIG
9800
PSIG
OK

165
22
16.5
180
12430.94
8790
8790
2.281928

MM
MM
MM
MM
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg/CM2G

0.209984 Kg/CM2G
6.8992
Kg/CM2G

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 124 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 2 of 2
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

V. Lifting Lugs Thickness Calculations (cont.)


(Reference : Pressure Vessel Handbook)

Figure (14)

L
b
l
R
r

6.49606
0.86614
7.08661
2.95276
1.1811

INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH
INCH

165
22
180
75
30

MM
MM
MM
MM
MM

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 125 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Monem Mohamed, Process Design Dept.Manager

Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004
Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal

W. Mesh Pad/Blanket (Demister) Calculation.


Mesh Pad (Demister) Material, Stainless Steel

TP 316

Denisty of liquid, p l

31.786

lb/ft3
3

509.48

Kg/M3
Kg/M3

1.3162

lb/ft

21.0966

1.684
0.35

ft/Sec.

0.513283 M/Sec.

Factor, K
Design velocity, VD = 0.75 Va
Mesh pad thickness

1.263
6

ft/Sec.
INCH

0.384963 M/Sec.
152.4
MM

Pressure drop through wire mesh, Delta P = 0.12 VD2 pv

0.25195 INCH Water

Denisty of vapour, p v
0.5

Allowable superficial vapour velocity across inlet face of mesh,Va = K [pl - pv]/pv]

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF PRESSURE VESSEL

Page : 126 of 126

According to ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Edition 2001, Addenda 2002
Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (assist.)

Sheet : 1 of 1
Rev. : 1

Project
: Design & Procurement of ASME Pressure Vessel
Job Name : Demineralization Plant
Serial No. : 7434-33-U-2006
Dwg. No. : 7434-33-3A, Rev. 1
Vessel : Deputanizer Reflux Receiver Drum Item No. : 1-D-5 Capacity : 10.152 M3

Date : 18.2.2004

X. References
The following references are used in the design calculations of
saddles and lifting lugs of pressure vessel under considerations.
1. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII,
Division 1, 2001 Edition, without Addendum.
2. "Pressure Vessel Design Handbook", Edition 1981,
by Henry H. Bednar, P.E. published by Van Nostrand Reinhold
Co. 135 west 50th. street, New York, N.Y. 10020, USA.
3. "Modern Welding Technology", Edition 1989, by Howard B.
Carry, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632, USA..
4. "Pressure Vessel Handbook", Fifth Edition January 1981,
by Eugene F. Megyese, Publishing Inc., P.O. Box 35365,
Tulsa, OK 74135, USA.


 

Job No. : 7434-33

Client : APRC
Type : Horizontal