Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

1.

Find the equation of the normal to the curve with equation


3
y=x +1

at the point (1,2).

Working:

Answers:

…………………………………………..

(Total 4 marks)

3
2. y=x +1
dy
dx = 3x2
= Slope of tangent at any point
Therefore at point where x = 1, slope = 3 (M1)
1
⇒ Slope of normal = – 3 (M1)(A1)
1
⇒ Equation of normal: y – 2 = – 3 (x – 1)
3y – 6 = –x + 1
x + 3y – 7 = 0 (A1)
1 1
Note: Accept equivalent forms e.g. y = – 3 x + 2 3
[4]

1
2
3. A curve has equation y = x(x – 4) .

(a) For this curve find

(i) the x-intercepts;

(ii) the coordinates of the maximum point;

(iii) the coordinates of the point of inflexion.


(9)

(b) Use your answers to part (a) to sketch a graph of the curve for 0 ≤ x ≤ 4, clearly
indicating the features you have found in part (a).
(3)

(c) (i) On your sketch indicate by shading the region whose area is given by
the following integral:

2
∫0
x( x − 4) 2 dx.

(ii) Explain, using your answer to part (a), why the value of this integral is greater than
0 but less than 40.
(3)
(Total 15 marks)

2
4. (a) y = x(x – 4)
(i) y = 0 ⇔ x = 0 or x = 4 (A1)
dy
(ii) dx = 1(x – 4)2 + x × 2(x – 4) = (x – 4)(x – 4 + 2x)
= (x – 4)(3x – 4) (A1)
dy 4
dx = 0 ⇒ x = 4 or x = 3 (A1)
dy 
x =1⇒ = ( −3)(−1) = 3 > 0 
dx  4
⇒
dy 3
x =2⇒ = (−2)(2) = −4 < 0
dx 
 is a maximum (R1)
Note: A second derivative test may be used
2 2
4 4 4  4  −8 4 64 256
×  − 4 = ×   = × =
x = 3 ⇒y = 3  3  3  3  3 9 27
 4 256 
 , 
 3 27  (A1)
 4 256 
 , 
Note: Proving that  3 27  is a maximum is not necessary to
receive full credit of [4 marks] for this part.

2
d2 y d d
2
= ( ( x − 4)(3 x − 4) ) =
(iii) dx dx dx (3x2 – 16x + 16) = 6x – 16 (A1)
d2 y
dx 2 = 0 ⇔ 6x – 16 = 0 (M1)
8
⇔x = 3 (A1)
2 2
8 88  8− 4 8 16 128
 − 4 =   = × =
x = 3 ⇒y =  3 3  3  3  3 9 27
 8 128 
 , 
 3 27  (A1) 9
Note: GDC use is likely to give the answer (1.33, 9.48). If this
answer is given with no explanation, award (A2), If the answer
is given with the explanation “used GDC” or equivalent, award
full credit.
(b)
y
m a x p t .
1 0

p t . o f i n f l e x i o n

0
0 1 2 3 4 x
x i– n t e r c e p t s (A3)
3
Note: Award (A1) for intercepts, (A1) for maximum and (A1) for
point of inflexion.
(c) (i) See diagram above (A1)
(ii) 0 < y < 10 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 4 (R1)
4 4 4 4

So ∫
0
0dx < ∫0 ∫
ydx < 10dx ⇒ 0 < ydx < 40
0 ∫ 0 (R1)
3
[15]

3
2
5. Find the coordinates of the point on the graph of y = x – x at which the tangent is parallel to the
line y = 5x.

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

6. A ball is thrown vertically upwards into the air. The height, h metres, of the ball above the
ground after t seconds is given by

2
h = 2 + 20t – 5t , t ≥ 0

(a) Find the initial height above the ground of the ball (that is, its height at the instant when it
is released).
(2)

(b) Show that the height of the ball after one second is 17 metres.
(2)

(c) At a later time the ball is again at a height of 17 metres.

(i) Write down an equation that t must satisfy when the ball is at a height of 17 metres.

(ii) Solve the equation algebraically.


(4)

dh
(d) (i) Find dt .

(ii) Find the initial velocity of the ball (that is, its velocity at the instant when it is
released).

(iii) Find when the ball reaches its maximum height.

(iv) Find the maximum height of the ball.


(7)
(Total 15 marks)