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FIVE STOREY RCC MULTISTOREYED BUILDING USING ETABS 2015

Data:
No. of storeys

GF +4

Typical floor height

3.0m

Bottom Height

: 2.0m

Length along X axis

: 7.0m (2 Bays Each Bay =3.50m)

Length along Y axis

: 13.50m (3 Bays Each Bay =4.50m)

Column size

: C1 230 x 300 mm (End Column)


C2 230 x 380 mm (Side Column)
C3 230 x 450 mm (Inner Column)

Beam size

: B1 230 x 380 mm (Short span)


B2 230 x 450 mm (Long span)

Slab Thickness

: 125 mm

Concrete Grade

: M25

Steel Grade

: Fe 500

1.Creating Geometry or Model :

Open ETABS from Desktop or from Start Menu


The Start up Screen will appear.

Click New model. OR Main menu File New Model.

In this Select use Built-in Settings with option.


Choose SI units, Indian Codes as shown above and click OK.

No. of Grid lines in X Direction

: 3

No. of Grid lines in Y Direction

: 4

Spacing of Grids in X Direction

: 3.50m

Spacing of Grids in Y Direction

: 4.50m

Click Grid labels. X grid beginning ID: 1

Y grid beginning ID : A Ok.

In Storey Dimensions enter


No. of storeys

: 5(6 Levels 1 for ground+4 storeys+ 1

Roof slab)
Typical storey height

: 3.0m

Bottom storey height

: 2.0m

Select Grid Only button Ok.

Model with white background appear on the screen.

Note : If you want to change the background Go to Main menuDisplay


Graphical Display Set display color by changing screen as Block
backgroundOk.

Close Model explorer X button on the left side. Now You can see the block
background screen as follows:

Main menu Edit Edit Stories & Grid System Click Modify/Show
Storey Data.
Storey data screen will appear Make necessary changes for Similar
storey option Ok. Ok.

2. Define Material Properties:


From Main menu Define Material property

Following screen will appear.

Add New material Choose the Standard and Material type grade as M25.
Ok.

Following screen will appear.

Click Ok.
Similarly Add New material Choose the Standard and rebar Material
type grade as HYSD Grade 500 Ok.

Following screen will appear.

Click Ok Ok.
3. Define Section Properties:
Define Beam :
From Main menu Define Section Properties Frame section.

Following screen will appear.

Click Delete Multiple Properties Select all sections to be deleted


Click Delete Selected Frame Sections Ok.

Click Add New Property.

Choose Concrete Rectangular section .

Give Property Name as B1 230 x 380 for Beam 1. Choose Material as


M25 and give section dimensions Depth : 380 mm Width: 230 mm.
Then Click Show Modifiers and choose Torsional Constant=0.01 Moment
Inertia about 2 axis=0.35
Moment Inertia about 3 axis=0.35 Ok.

Then click Modify/show Rebar.

Choose Design Type as M3 Design only (Beam), Give cover


=25+8+16/2=40.
Material : Longitudinal bar and Ties as HYSD 500 Ok
Add New Property Choose Concrete Rectangular section.
Give Property Name as B2 230 x 450 for Beam 2. Choose Material as
M25 and give section dimensions Depth : 450 mm Width: 230 mm.

Then Click Show Modifiers and choose Torsional Constant=0.01 Moment


Inertia about 2 axis=0.35
Moment Inertia about 3 axis=0.35 Ok.
Click Modify/show Rebar Choose Design Type as M3 Design only
(Beam), Give cover =25+8+16/2=40. Material : Longitudinal bar and
Ties as HYSD 500 Ok
Add New Property Choose Concrete Rectangular section.
Give Property Name as PB 230 x 300 for Plinth Beam. Choose Material
as M25 and give section dimensions Depth : 300 mm Width: 230 mm.
Click Modify/Show Rebar Choose Design Type as M3 Design only
(Beam), Give cover =25+8+16/2=40. Material : Longitudinal bar and
Ties as HYSD 500 Ok.
Define Column :
Add New Property Choose Concrete Rectangular section.

Give Property Name as C1 230 x 300 for Corner Column . Choose


Material as M25 and give section dimensions Depth : 300 mm Width: 230
mm. Then Click Show Modifiers and choose Torsional Constant=0.01
Moment Inertia about 2 axis=0.70
Moment Inertia about 3 axis=0.70 Ok.

Click Modify/show Rebar Choose P-M2-M3 Design Column , .Material :


Longitudinal bar and Ties as HYSD 500. Choose Rectangular, Ties.
Give cover =40+8+16/2=60.
No. of longitudinal bar along 3rd face = 3
No. of Longitudinal bar along 2nd face =3
Longitudinal bar Dia=16mm, Corner bar Dia=16mm
Confinement Dia (ties) =8mm Ok

Similarly Add New Property Choose Concrete Rectangular section.


Give Property Name as C2 230 x 380 for Side Column . Choose Material
as M25 and give section dimensions Depth : 380 mm Width: 230 mm.
Then Click Show Modifiers and choose Torsional Constant=0.01 Moment
Inertia about 2 axis=0.70
Moment Inertia about 3 axis=0.70 Ok.

Click Modify/show Rebar Choose P-M2-M3 Design Column ,


Material : Longitudinal bar and Ties as HYSD 500. Choose Rectangular,
Ties.
Give cover =40+8+16/2=60.
No. of longitudinal bar along 3rd face = 3
No. of Longitudinal bar along 2nd face =3
Longitudinal bar Dia=20mm, Corner bar Dia=20mm
Confinement Dia (ties) =8mm Ok.
Add New Property Choose Concrete Rectangular section.
Give Property Name as C3 230 x 450 for Inner Column . Choose Material
as M25 and give section dimensions Depth : 450 mm Width: 230 mm.
Then Click Show Modifiers and choose Torsional Constant=0.01 Moment
Inertia about 2 axis=0.70
Moment Inertia about 3 axis=0.70 Ok.
Click Modify/show Rebar Choose P-M2-M3 Design Column ,
Material : Longitudinal bar and Ties as HYSD 500. Choose Rectangular,
Ties.
Give cover =40+8+16/2=60.
No. of longitudinal bar along 3rd face = 3
No. of Longitudinal bar along 2nd face =3
Longitudinal bar Dia=20mm, Corner bar Dia=20mm
Confinement Dia (ties) =8mm Ok Ok.
Define Slab :
From Main menu Define Section properties Slab section.

Following screen will appear.

Delete the first existing Property. Click Modify/ Show Property Ok.

Choose Slab Property Name as Slab1, Material as M25 , Modeling type


as Membrane and Thickness as 125 mmOk Ok.

4. Drawing the Structure : ( Beams, Columns and Slabs)


Note: Make sure Snap to Grid is On, in order to snap to existing grid. For
that right
Click Choose Snap option Ok.

Tick Joints, Line Ends and Mid points, Grid intersections, Perpendicular
Projections, Intersections.

Drawing Beam:
For the Beam, Beam sizes for Roof to Storey 2 will of same size and Beam
for Plinth will be different. Accordingly storey data will be changed.
Choose Top Roof Storey. Set Storey Data by going
Main menu Edit Edit Stories & Grid System Click Modify/Show
Storey Data.

Storey data screen will appear Make necessary changes for Similar
storey option Ok. Ok.

Main MenuDraw Draw Beam/Column/ Brace objects Draw Beam/


Column/ Brace. OR Quick Draw Beans/Columns.

Choose B1 230 x 380 in Properties window.

Set Similar stories from bottom right of the screen .

Draw the beams B1 by simply clicking on the grid in the left side Plan
view. This will draw beams B1 on all floors except plinth level as seen from
perspective view on right side window.

Similarly Choose B2 230 x 450 in property window and draw the Beams
B2 by simply clicking on the grid as per plan by clicking in the Plan view.

Keep Plinth level on the left side Plan view by pressing Up or Down arrow
on top Tool bar.
Choose PB 230 x 300 in Properties window and set with One storey
option on bottom Right of the screen and select all the Plinth beams
windowing the plan on left side view.

by

Drawing Column :
The various storeys of the column section is kept same throughout the
height. Accordingly Similar Storey option shall be kept as similar to
Beam.
Keep Storey 5 as Master storey and Storey 4, Storey 3, Storey 2 ,Storey 1
and Plinth as Similar Storey .
Set plan view in Roof level.
Main MenuDraw Draw Beam/Column/ Brace objects Draw Beam/
Column/ Brace. OR Quick Draw Columns.

Choose C1 230 x 300 in properties window.

By selecting All Stories option button from bottom right of the screen.

Draw columns by clicking Corner Column C1 locations by windowing


each column separately.
Choose C2 230 x 380 in properties window and change angle to 90 and
with All Stories option draw side columns C2 by windowing each column
locations separately.
Choose C3 230 x 450 in properties window and with All Stories option
draw inner columns C3 by windowing each column locations separately.
If necessary change angle to 90

Drawing Slab:

For the Slab, location for slab is from Roof to Storey only. At Plinth level
there is no slab. Accordingly storey data will be changed.
Choose Top Roof Storey. Set Storey Data by going
Main menu Edit Edit Stories & Grid System Click Modify/Show
Storey Data.
Storey data screen will appear Make necessary changes for Similar
storey option Ok. Ok.

Main MenuDraw Draw Floor/ Wall objects Quick draw Floor/Wall

Choose S1 in Property window on the left. Click on each rectangular grid


where slabs should come. OR on left side screen Select All tool bar for
selecting all portion of slab. Select Similar storeies option button for
selecting all floor slabs.

5. Assigning Support Condition :


Set Base floor Plan view in left window by pressing Up and Down arrow.

Select all Column points by windowing with One storey option.

From Main menu AssignJoint/ point Restraints (supports) Select


FixedOk.

To see the Support assigned, Click Left plan view and Click Elevation view
on top Tool bar. Select section 1 Ok.

Following screen will appear.

6. Defining Loads :
Gravity loads (Dead & Live load)
Note:
For Self weight multiplier will be 1 for slabs, beams and columns of dead
load. For other loads, it will be zero. Dead Load of Beams, Columns and
slabs are automatically calculated by ETABS as per Section Properties and
Material properties that we have assigned already for dead load
calculation.
Defining Load Patterns:
Main menu Define Load Patterns.

By Default the screen will show only Dead and Live Load. If you want to
add any other loads like Wind or Earthquake loads, give a name under
load and choose type and click Add New Load button.
Defining Load cases:
Main menu Define Load Cases.

As we have to do Linear Static Accept default screen Click Ok.


Defining Load Combinations:
Main menu Define Load Combinations.

Click Add New Combination button. Give Name and Factor load as 1.50
for

DL x 1.5 + LL x 1.5 Click Ok.

Click Add New Combination button. Give Name and Factor load as 1.0
for

DL x 1.0 + LL x 1.0 Click Ok.

Define Mass Sourses:


Define Mass Sources Modify/ Show Mass SourcesOk.

Mass Source Name :MSct


Mass Souece : Specified Load Masses
Choose Load Pattern as Dead and Multiple =1.0 Add.
Choose Load pattern as Live and Multiple=0.25 (LL < 3.0KN/m2) Add
Ok.
Define Modal Mass:
Define Modal Mass Modify/Show Case Ok.

Choose Modal Case Name : Modal


Modal Case Sub Type

: Eigen

Max. No. of Modes

: 100

(3 x 4 columns x 7 joints=84) Ok.

Loads on Slab:
Keep Plan view in Roof level. Choose one Storey in bottom right.:
Main menu AssignShell Loads Uniform .

Roof load : Terrace Water proofing load =2.50 KN/m2


Live Load for Roof=1.50KN/m2

Choose Dead in Load Pattern, give 2.50 KN/m2 as Load. Choose Gravity as
Direction, choose Add to Existing Loads.

Select all slabs just by clicking on each slab as belowClick Apply Ok.

Now again select all slabs. Choose Live load as 1.50 KN/m2 ApplyOk.
Floor Loads:

Floor finish = 1.0 KN/m2


Live Load =4.0 KN/m2
Keep the Plan view as Storey 1. Choose Similar Stories button in bottom
right.
Main menu AssignShell Loads Uniform.

Select all slabs just by clicking on each slab and give the Load value as
1.0 KN/m2 ApplyOk.

Similarly give Live load as 4.0 KN/m2 for all other floor slab.
Wall loads on Beam:
Parapet wall =5 KN/m2

Keep Plan view in Storey 5. Choose One Storey button in bottom right.
Select Outer beams just by clicking on each beams.
Main menu AssignFrame Loads Distributed.

Choose load as Dead, Give Uniform load as 5 KN/m . Choose Add to


existing Loads. Direction: Gravity ApplyOk.

Wall on Floor beams:


External wall Load 230 mm thick =14.50 KN/m
Internal Wall Load 1150mm thick =6.60 KN/m
Keep Plan view in Storey 2. Choose Similar Storey button in bottom right
(For storey 3, Storey 4). Select Outer beams just by clicking on each
beams.
Main menu AssignFrame Loads Distributed.
Choose Load pattern as Dead, Uniform Load=14.50KN/m, select Add to
Existing Loads ApplyOk. Similarly select inner beams just by clicking
on each Beams. Apply Uniform Load =6.60 KN/m ApplyOk.
Wall Load on Plinth Beams:
External Wall load =20.5 KN/m Internal Wall Load = 10.20 KN/m
Keep Plan view as storey 1 with One storey option in bottom right. Select
outer beams and assign Dead load for Plinth beam as 20.5 KN/m and
select inner beam and assign Dead Load for plinth beam as 10.20 KN/m
similar to roof beam on Parapet wall.
Concentrated or Point load Due to Secondary beams:

Keep Storey 1 in Plan view, choose Similar stories button in bottom right
(For Storey 2, storey 3, Storey 4). Select all the Transverse Beam of
8.40m length just by clicking on the beams.
Main menu AssignFrame Loads Point.

Choose Load as Dead Load as Forces, Choose Add to existing loads, give
Load distance as 2.2m, Load as 35.14 KN. Choose Absolute Distance from
end 1 ApplyOk.

In the similar way give Live load as 12.28 KN as concentrated Load on all
floor beams of transverse beams.
To view Loads:
Click on Display Framed Load icon on the tool bar as shown below:

7. Check the Model:


Main menu Analyse Check Model.

Check model have no errors or warning.

Close the screen.


8. Analysis:
Main menu Analyse Run Analysis or use F5.

After successfully analyzing you will see the deformed shape as default
screen.

9. Results :
Main menu Display Undeformed Shape or F4 button.
To see the Loads acting on the structure:
Main menu Display Load Assigns.
To view BMD & SFD:
Main menu Display Frame / pier/Spandrel/ Link Forces or F8 button or
icon.

Select Load case (Case) or Combination (Combo), Moment or Shear


values.

BMD Diagram

SFD Diagram
View set elevation view. Select BMD for the required frame.

BMD for the frame

Right click on any Beam to see the individual beam BMD


& SFD as below:

To Erase the Results:


In order make changes in the Model after run the analysis, you have to
erase the results.
Main menu Display Unlock Model.

Click Ok. Then after making necessary changes run the program again.
11. Concrete Design:
Main menu Design Concrete frame Design Start Design /Check.

Set to Elevation view=1 in right window Reinforcement area will be


displayed on the Frame.

Right click on any of the member to see the design information.

Click summary button to view the detailed result.

-Summary
- Flexural details
- Shear details
- Envelope Ok.
To see the % of steel on Beams and Columns:
Main menu Design Concrete frame design Display design
Information Select Design output= rebar % Ok.
12. Detailing :
Main menu Detailing Detailing Preferences (for setting units)
Detailing Concrete Component Preferences (for setting labels etc)
Detailing Rebar Selection Rules (for Longitudinal, Stirrups details)
DetailingStart Detailing (will start detailing the members)

You can see the detailed results for all beams, columns and slabs.