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Course: Business Research Methods
Final Examination
Weight : 50%
Time allowed : 2:00hrs

Instructor: Mr. Dereje F.

Exam Date: July 06,2013
Exam Time: Saturday 8:00 am

Name ______________________________________ID No.____________Sec._________

General Instructions
Attempt all questions and check whether the exam booklet two parts with eight
Write your name, Id No. and section on both question paper and answer sheet. If
you are failing to write your name and ID No. will lose all mark.
Any sign or circle letters on the question paper are impossible and will not marked.
Using mobile is impossible.
Cheating is strictly forbidden.
Neatly handwriting is encouraging.

I soon learned that it did not require a great brain to do original research. One must be
highly motivated, exercise good judgment, and have intelligence, imagination,
determination and a little luck.
Julius Axelrod

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Part I: Multiple Choice Questions

Choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write the answers on the
attached ruled paper. (1.5pts. each)
1. The research process is best described as a:
A. Method to select a frame of reference
B. Set of rules that govern the selection of subjects
C. Series of steps completed in a logical order
D. Plan that directs the research design
2. A research proposal is best described as a(n)
A. Framework for data collection and analysis
B. Description of the research process for a research project
C. Description of how the researcher plans to maintain an ethical perspective during the
D. Argument for the merit of the study
3. The purpose of a literature review is to:
A. Use the literature to identify present knowledge and what is unknown
B. Assist in defining the problem and operational definition
C. Identify strengths and weaknesses of previous studies
D. All of the above
4. The statement 'To identify the relationship between the time the patient spends on the
operating table and the development of pressure painful is best described as a research:


6. An operational definition specifies:

A. The data analysis techniques to be used in the study
B. The levels of measurement to be used in the study
C. How a variable or concept will be defined and measured in the study
D. How the outcome of the research objectives for the study will be measured
7. Which of the following statements meets the criteria for a researchable question?
A. Is the use of normal saline to cleanse wounds harmful to patients?
B. Do generalist registered nurses meet the mental health needs of general patients?
C. What are the patients' perceptions of the effectiveness of pre-operative education for
total hip replacement?
D. Do palliative care patients have spiritual needs?
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8. The research participants are described in detail in which section of the research plan?
A. Introduction
B. Methods
C. Data analysis
D. Discussion
9. Which of the following is not the source of research idea?
A. Every day life
B. Practical issues
C. Past research
D. Theory
E. All
10. The factor that should determine whether you decide to prepare a research report of you
study for a conference or for publication is
A. Whether the study is free from flaws
B. Whether the study is important enough to justify presentation or publication
C. Whether others would be interested in the work
D. All of the above
11. Which of the following is not true about the use of language in research reports?
A. You should choose accurate and clear words that are free from bias.
B. You should avoid labeling people whenever possible
C. You should avoid using the term subjects whenever possible
D. All of the above are true according to the APA Guidelines
12. _______________ is the issue that leads to the need for a study.
A. The problem statement
B. Research question
C. Objective of the study
D. Hypothesis
E. None of the above
13. Which of the following is not one of the seven major parts to the research report?
A. Results
B. Abstract
C. Method
D. Footnotes
14. When writing the qualitative results section, an overriding concern should be to provide
sufficient and convincing evidence to back up your assertions.
A. True
B. False
15. The process of marking segments of data with symbols, descriptive words, or category
names is known as _______.
A. Concurring
B. Coding
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C. Coloring
D. Segmenting
16. A challenge of qualitative data analysis is that it often includes data that are unwieldy and
complex; it is a major challenge to make sense of the large pool of data.
A. True
B. False
17. A _______ is a numerical characteristic of a sample and a ______ is a numerical
characteristic of a population.
A. Sample, population
B. Population, sample
C. Statistic, parameter
D. Parameter, statistic
18. The use of the laws of probability to make inferences and draw statistical conclusions
about populations based on sample data is referred to as ___________.
A. Descriptive statistics
B. Inferential statistics
C. Sample statistics
D. Population statistics
19. What is the median of the following set of scores?
18, 6, 12, 10, 14 ?
A. 10
B. 14
C. 18
D. 12
20. Let's suppose we are predicting score on a training posttest from number of years of
education and the score on an aptitude test given before training. Here is the regression
equation Y = 25 + 0.5X1 +10X2,
where X1 = years of education and X2 = aptitude test score.
What is the predicted score for someone with 10 years of education and a aptitude test score of
A. 25
B. 50
C. 35
D. 80
21. The standard deviation is:
A. The square root of the variance
B. A measure of variability
C. An approximate indicator of how numbers vary from the mean
D. All of the above
22. As a general rule, the _______ is the best measure of central tendency because it is more
A. Mean
B. Median
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C. Mode
D. Range
23. When each member of a population has an equally likely chance of being selected, this is
A. A nonrandom sampling method
B. A quota sample
C. A snowball sample
D. An Equal probability selection method
24. Which of the following is not true about stratified random sampling?
A. It involves a random selection process from identified subgroups
B. Proportions of groups in the sample must always match their population proportions
C. Disproportional stratified random sampling is especially helpful for getting large
enough subgroup samples when subgroup comparisons are to be done
D. Proportional stratified random sampling yields a representative sample
25. In which of the following nonrandom sampling techniques does the researcher ask the
research participants to identify other potential research participants?
A. Snowball
B. Convenience
C. Purposive
D. Quota
26. Researchers use both open-ended and closed-ended questions to collect data. Which of
the following statements is true?
A. Open-ended questions directly provide quantitative data based on the researchers
predetermined response categories
B. Closed-ended questions provide quantitative data in the participants own words
C. Open-ended questions provide qualitative data in the participants own words
D. Closed-ended questions directly provide qualitative data in the participants own
Part II: Essay type questions (11 pt)
1. To judge a given research study as good, it must posses some characterstics. Explain the
at least five chacterstics of good research .(5 pt )
2. This question is directly related to your research proposal. Therefore you are required to
answer each qestion accordingly.
Write your poposal title (1 pt)
Why you need to study? (2 pt )
Explain your research poposal methodology section (Hint: sample and sampling
techique, the research design, and data collection instrument, ) (3pt)

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Part I: Multiple choice item ( 39%)


______ 6.________11.___________16._________ 21.______26._______

______7.________ 12.___________17._________22. ______
______8.________13. ___________18._________ 23._______
______ 9.________14. ___________19. ________24.______
______10.________15. __________20. _______ 25.________

Part V: Essay type Question (11%)

1. ________________________________________________________________________
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