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Wood Durability Guide: Timber Durability Chart & Database


We make wooden garage doors and gates that are built to last we care about the wood that we use

Tel - 01745 362444


Fax - 01745 531001
enquiries@woodworkersuk.co.uk

and we choose it carefully.


We want our gates and garage doors to last as long as possible, so we use timber like Accoya
because of its durability, hardness and suitability for our products.
Weve put together some resources about Timber Durability to help you choose the best timber for
your gate or garage door, or whatever youre looking to make.
The Timber Durability chart contains 5 classes of timber, with each class determining how long each
timber listed will last these are all to BS EN 350-2:1994 Durability of wood and wood-based

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products. Natural durability of solid wood. Guide to natural durability and treatability of selected
wood species of importance in Europe.
The Timber Durability Database is a table of durability grades/ratings by wood type, with images to
match.
We created some useful graphics that show these details theyre good for quickly referencing each
timber, or you can print them off and keep them in your workshop!

Timber Durability Chart


Weve displayed a number of common (and

What Affects The Natural Durability


Of Timber?

rare) Hardwoods, Softwoods and Modified

There are a number of things that affect how

Timbers 149 in total in an easy to read

naturally durable a timber is; wildlife and fungi

Timber Durability Chart.

play a part.

Click on the image below to see the chart.

Click below to find out.

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We also have a large version of the Timber Durability Chart (7.7mb, 50003000 pixels, or 132cm x

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79cm) that can be found here.

enquiries@woodworkersuk.co.uk

Timber Durability Database

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Different types of wood species are displayed by durability rating below.


Select a Durability Class or search for the Timber you use!
Durability Class

Hardwood, Softwood or Modified Timber

Image

Search:

Hardwood,
Timber

Durability
Class

Softwood or
Modified

Image

Timber
Abura

Hardwood

Accoya and the Trimarque Device are


registered trademarks owned by Titan
Wood Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary
of Accsys Technologies PLC, and may
not be used or reproduced without
written permission.

Accoya (Modified Radiata Pine)

Modified Timber

Accoya Alder (Modified Alder)

Modified Timber

African Mahogany (a.k.a. Khaya)

Hardwood

African Walnut (Congowood)

Hardwood

Afrormosia

Hardwood

Afzelia

Hardwood

Agba

Hardwood

Alder

Hardwood

American Ash (a.k.a. Black Ash, White Ash,

Hardwood

American Birch

Hardwood

American Cherry (a.k.a. Black Cherry)

Hardwood

American Mahogany

Hardwood

American Red Oak

Hardwood

American Walnut (Black Walnut)

Hardwood

American White Oak

Hardwood

Andira

Hardwood

Andiroba

Hardwood

Angelim

Hardwood

Aspen

Hardwood

Canadian Ash, Red Ash)

Balau (a.k.a. Red Balau, Yellow Balau)

Hardwood

Balsa

Hardwood

Basswood (a.k.a. Limewood)

Hardwood

Cambara

Hardwood

Canadian Red Pine (a.k.a. Norway Pine)

Softwood

Canadian Spruce (a.k.a. White Spruce)

Softwood

Caribbean Pitch Pine (a.k.a. Pitch Pine)

Softwood

Cedar (a.k.a. Cedar of Lebanon)

Softwood

Central / South American Cedar (a.k.a.

Hardwood

Cedro Rosa)

Corsican Pine

Softwood

Courbaril

Hardwood

Cumaru

Hardwood

Curupay

Hardwood

Dahoma

Hardwood

Danta

Hardwood

Dark Red Meranti (a.k.a. Red Lauan)

Hardwood

Denya

Hardwood

Douglas Fir (a.k.a. Columbian Pine, Oregon

Softwood

Douglas Fir*

Softwood

Ebony

Hardwood

Ekki

Hardwood

Pine)*

Elliotis Pine (Slash Pine)

Softwood

European Ash

Hardwood

European Beech

Hardwood

European Birch (a.k.a. Silver Birch, White

Hardwood

European Cherry

Hardwood

European Elm (a.k.a. English Elm)

Hardwood

European Larch*

Softwood

European Larch*

Softwood

European Lime

Hardwood

European Oak (inc English Oak, French

Hardwood

Birch)

Oak, Polish Oak, Slovenian Oak)

European Plane

Hardwood

European Redwood

Softwood

European Walnut

Hardwood

European Whitewood (a.k.a. Silver Fir,

Softwood

Gaboon

Hardwood

Garapa

Hardwood

Garapa

Hardwood

Gedu Nohor

Hardwood

Geronggang

Hardwood

Gombe

Hardwood

Greenheart

Hardwood

Norway Spruce)

Guarea

Hardwood

Guariuba

Hardwood

Hickory

Hardwood

Horse Chestnut

Hardwood

Idigbo

Hardwood

Imbiua

Hardwood

Ipe

Hardwood

Iroko

Hardwood

Itauba

Hardwood

Jack Pine

Softwood

Japanese Larch

Softwood

Japanese Oak

Hardwood

Jarrah

Hardwood

Jelutong

Hardwood

Kapur

Hardwood

Karri

Hardwood

Kebony*

Modified Timber

Kempas

Hardwood

Keruing

Hardwood

Koto

Hardwood

Light Red Meranti (a.k.a. Red Meranti,

Hardwood

Hardwood

White Lauan)
Light Virola

Lignum Vitae (a.k.a. Ironwood)

Hardwood

Limba

Hardwood

Lodgepole Pine

Softwood

Louro

Hardwood

Makore

Hardwood

Mandio

Hardwood

Martime Pine

Softwood

Massaranduba*

Hardwood

Massaranduba*

Hardwood

Mengkulang

Hardwood

Merbau

Hardwood

Moabi

Hardwood

Mora

Hardwood

Movingue

Hardwood

Niangon

Hardwood

Nyatoh (a.k.a. Padang)

Hardwood

Obeche

Hardwood

Opepe

Hardwood

Padauk (a.k.a. Barwood, Camwood)

Hardwood

Parana Pine (a.k.a. Brazilian Pine, Radiata

Softwood

Softwood

Pine (Monterey Pine)


Patula Pine

Pau Amarelo

Hardwood

Piqua

Hardwood

Ponderosa Pine (a.k.a. White Pine)

Softwood

Poplar

Hardwood

Purpleheart

Hardwood

Ramin

Hardwood

Red Alder (a.k.a. Western Alder)

Hardwood

Red Angelim

Hardwood

Red Grandis (a.k.a. Rose Gum, Flooded

Hardwood

Red Louro

Hardwood

Robinia (a.k.a. Black Locust, Falsa Acacia)

Hardwood

Gum)

Rock Maple (a.k.a. Hard Maple, Black

Hardwood

Rosewood

Hardwood

Rubberwood

Hardwood

Sapele

Hardwood

Scots Pine (a.k.a. Red Pine)

Softwood

Sepetir

Hardwood

Sesendok

Hardwood

Siberian Larch (a.k.a. Russian Larch)*

Softwood

Siberian Larch*

Softwood

Simarouba

Hardwood

Sitka Spruce (a.k.a. Silver Spruce)

Softwood

Maple)

Soft Maple (Red Maple, Silver Maple)

Hardwood

Southern Pine

Softwood

Sucupira

Hardwood

Sweet Chestnut

Hardwood

Sycamore (a.k.a. Great Maple)

Hardwood

Tasmanian Oak (a.k.a. Australian Oak,

Hardwood

Tatajuba

Hardwood

Taun (a.k.a. Malagai)

Hardwood

Teak

Hardwood

Thermowood Radiata Pine (Modified

Modified Timber

Alpine Ash)

Radiata Pine - Softwood)

Thermowood Redwood (Modified

Modified Timber

Hardwood

Utile

Hardwood

Wallaba

Hardwood

Wenge

Hardwood

Western Hemlock

Softwood

Western Red Cedar*

Softwood

Western Red Cedar (a.k.a. Red Cedar)*

Softwood

White Elm (a.k.a. Red Elm)

Hardwood

Willow

Hardwood

Yellow Meranti

Hardwood

Yellow Pine

Softwood

Yew

Softwood

European Redwood Usually from Finland


- Softwood)
Tulipwood (a.k.a. Canarywood, American
Yellow Poplar)

*Douglas Fir is listed as both a Class 2 and Class 3 timber, UK grown Douglas Fir is Class 4
*European Larch also listed as both Class 2 and Class 3 timber, UK grown European Larch is Class 4
*Siberian Larch is in both Class 2 and 3, Siberian grown Larch being Class 3
*UK grown Western Red Cedar is in both Classes 3 & 2. Class 3 Western Red Cedar is UK grown,
Class 2 from America and Canada
*Massaranduba is listed as both Class 1 & 2 as durability can vary
*Kebony is listed as both Class 1 & 2 as durability can vary
Use the Timber Durability Database on your website copy the code:
<div>
<iframe width="500" height="10300" scrolling="yes" frameborder="no" allowattribution="yes"

Image Credits:
Images are via these organisations and helpful people:
Wikimedia Commons, Flickr, Imgur
Kebony SYP
Accoya
SBT Design
Jon Linney
If you can see a picture of the tree from our logo instead of the timber, were still looking for an
image for this timber! If you have a picture youd like us to use then well credit you send an email!

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Gate Expectations by Inwood (Cymru) Ltd,


Unit A1 Cefndy Industrial Park,
Cefndy Road,
Rhyl,
Denbighshire,
North Wales,
LL18 2HJ
UK

Tel - 01745 362444


Fax - 01745 531001
Vat Reg: 682189993
Company No: 4792562
BWF No: 061535

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