6 views

Uploaded by Anonymous JnvCyu85

ncert

- Mathematics Notes and Formula for Class 12 Chapter 11. Three Dimensional Ge
- C1_07-Jan.pdf
- What is Slope
- ch2.pdf
- Year 11 Ext 1 Half Year
- Computed Tomography in Multivariable Calculus
- billion dollar problem ex 4
- kemh1ps
- y = mx + c.pdf
- Matematica en Contexto v - Manual de Referencia 10 09
- P5 London June 1970
- Add Math P2 Second Trial Exam
- Www.meritnation.com Img Shared Board Paper Solutions 2012 CBSE XIIScience 2012 CBSE XIIScience 1 1 SET1 SectionB
- Graph of Functions II
- Practice Paper
- R3dDLL
- Class VI- Maths Question Bank - 2017-18 (HY)
- Functions
- (5) Material Balance as an Equation of Straight Line
- Introduction to linear equations

You are on page 1of 15

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Exercise 10.2

Question 1:

Write the equations for the x and y-axes.

Answer 1:

The y-coordinate of every point on the x-axis is 0.

Therefore, the equation of the x-axis is y = 0.

The x-coordinate of every point on the y-axis is 0.

Therefore, the equation of the y-axis is y = 0.

Question 2:

Find the equation of the line which passes through the point (4, 3) with slope

Answer 2:

We know that the equation of the line passing through point

m, is

, whose slope is

Thus, the equation of the line passing through point (4, 3), whose slope is

, is

Question 3:

Find the equation of the line which passes though (0, 0) with slope m.

Answer 3:

We know that the equation of the line passing through point

m, is

, whose slope is

.

Thus, the equation of the line passing through point (0, 0), whose slope is m, is

1

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

(y 0) = m(x 0)

i.e., y = mx

Question 4:

Find the equation of the line which passes though

Answer 4:

The slope of the line that inclines with the x-axis at an angle of 75 is m

= tan 75

whose slope is m, is

.

Thus, if a line passes though

2

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 5:

Find the equation of the line which intersects the x-axis at a distance of 3 units to the left

of origin with slope 2.

Answer 8:

It is known that if a line with slope m makes x-intercept d, then the equation of the line

is given as y = m(x d)

For the line intersecting the x-axis at a distance of 3 units to the left of the origin,

d = 3.

The slope of the line is given as m = 2

Thus, the required equation of the given line is y = 2 [x (3)] y = 2x 6

i.e., 2x + y + 6 = 0

Question 6:

Find the equation of the line which intersects the y-axis at a distance of 2 units above the

origin and makes an angle of 30 with the positive direction of the x-axis.

Answer 6:

It is known that if a line with slope m makes y-intercept c, then the equation of the line

is given as y = mx + c

Here, c = 2 and m = tan 30

3

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 7:

Find the equation of the line which passes through the points (1, 1) and (2, 4).

Answer 7:

It is known that the equation of the line passing through points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is

.

Therefore, the equation of the line passing through the points (1, 1) and (2, 4) is

Question 8:

Find the equation of the line which is at a perpendicular distance of 5 units from the origin

and the angle made by the perpendicular with the positive x-axis is 30

Answer 8:

If p is the length of the normal from the origin to a line and is the angle made by the

normal with the positive direction of the x-axis, then the equation of the line is given by

xcos + y sin = p.

Here, p = 5 units and = 30

Thus, the required equation of the given line is x

cos 30 + y sin 30 = 5

4

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 9:

The vertices of PQR are P (2, 1), Q (2, 3) and R (4, 5). Find equation of the median

through the vertex R.

Answer 9:

It is given that the vertices of PQR are P (2, 1), Q (2, 3), and R (4, 5).

Let RL be the median through vertex R.

Accordingly, L is the mid-point of PQ.

By mid-point formula, the coordinates of point L are given by

It is known that the equation of the line passing through points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is

.

Therefore, the equation of RL can be determined by substituting (x1, y1) = (4, 5) and (x2,

y2) = (0, 2).

Hence,

5

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 10:

Find the equation of the line passing through (3, 5) and perpendicular to the line

through the points (2, 5) and (3, 6).

Answer 10:

The slope of the line joining the points (2, 5) and (3, 6) is

We know that two non-vertical lines are perpendicular to each other if and only if their

slopes are negative reciprocals of each other.

Therefore, slope of the line perpendicular to the line through the points

(2, 5) and (3, 6)

Now, the equation of the line passing through point (3, 5), whose slope is 5, is

Question 11:

A line perpendicular to the line segment joining the points (1, 0) and (2, 3) divides it in

the ratio 1:n. Find the equation of the line.

Answer 11:

According to the section formula, the coordinates of the point that divides the line

segment joining the points (1, 0) and (2, 3) in the ratio 1: n is given by

The slope of the line joining the points (1, 0) and (2, 3) is

We know that two non-vertical lines are perpendicular to each other if and only if their

slopes are negative reciprocals of each other.

6

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Therefore, slope of the line that is perpendicular to the line joining the points

(1, 0) and (2, 3)

is

is given by

Question 12:

Find the equation of a line that cuts off equal intercepts on the coordinate axes and

passes through the point (2, 3).

Answer 12:

The equation of a line in the intercept form is

It is given that the line cuts off equal intercepts on both the axes. This means that a = b.

Accordingly, equation (i) reduces to

Since the given line passes through point (2, 3), equation (ii) reduces to

2+3=aa=5

7

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

On substituting the value of a in equation (ii), we obtain x

+ y = 5, which is the required equation of the line

Question 13:

Find equation of the line passing through the point (2, 2) and cutting off intercepts on the

axes whose sum is 9.

Answer 13:

The equation of a line in the intercept form is

It is given thata + b = 9 b = 9 a (ii) From

equations (i) and (ii), we obtain

It is given that the line passes through point (2, 2). Therefore, equation (iii) reduces to

8

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 14:

Find equation of the line through the point (0, 2) making an angle

x-axis. Also, find the equation of line parallel to it and crossing the y-axis at a distance of

2 units below the origin.

Answer 14:

The slope of the line making an angle

Now, the equation of the line passing through point (0, 2) and having a slope

is

.

is

It is given that the line parallel to line

to

line.

Hence, the equation of the line passing through point (0, 2) and having a slope

9

www.tiwariacademy.com

is

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 15:

The perpendicular from the origin to a line meets it at the point ( 2, 9), find the equation

of the line.

Answer 15:

The slope of the line joining the origin (0, 0) and point (2, 9) is

Accordingly, the slope of the line perpendicular to the line joining the origin and point

( 2, 9) is

Now, the equation of the line passing through point (2, 9) and having a slope m2 is

Question 16:

The length L (in centimetre) of a copper rod is a linear function of its Celsius temperature

C. In an experiment, if L = 124.942 when C = 20 and L = 125.134 when C = 110, express

L in terms of C.

Answer 16:

It is given that when C = 20, the value of L is 124.942, whereas when C = 110, the value

of L is 125.134.

Accordingly, points (20, 124.942) and (110, 125.134) satisfy the linear relation between

L and C.

Now, assuming C along the x-axis and L along the y-axis, we have two points i.e., (20,

124.942) and (110, 125.134) in the XY plane.

Therefore, the linear relation between L and C is the equation of the line passing through

points (20, 124.942) and (110, 125.134).

10

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

(L 124.942) =

Question 17:

The owner of a milk store finds that, he can sell 980 litres of milk each week at Rs 14/litre

and 1220 litres of milk each week at Rs 16/litre. Assuming a linear relationship between

selling price and demand, how many litres could he sell weekly at Rs 17/litre?

Answer 17:

The relationship between selling price and demand is linear.

Assuming selling price per litre along the x-axis and demand along the y-axis, we have

two points i.e., (14, 980) and (16, 1220) in the XY plane that satisfy the linear relationship

between selling price and demand.

Therefore, the linear relationship between selling price per litre and demand is the equation

of the line passing through points (14, 980) and (16, 1220).

When x = Rs 17/litre,

Thus, the owner of the milk store could sell 1340 litres of milk weekly at Rs 17/litre.

11

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 18:

P (a, b) is the mid-point of a line segment between axes. Show that equation of the line

is

Answer 18:

Let AB be the line segment between the axes and let P (a, b) be its mid-point.

Since P (a, b) is the mid-point of AB,

Thus, the respective coordinates of A and B are (0, 2b) and (2a, 0).

The equation of the line passing through points (0, 2b) and (2a, 0) is

12

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 19:

Point R (h, k) divides a line segment between the axes in the ratio 1:2. Find equation of

the line.

Answer 19:

Let AB be the line segment between the axes such that point R (h, k) divides AB in the

ratio 1: 2.

Since point R (h, k) divides AB in the ratio 1: 2, according to the section formula,

13

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

Question 20:

By using the concept of equation of a line, prove that the three points (3, 0), (2, 2)

and (8, 2) are collinear.

Answer 20:

In order to show that points (3, 0), (2, 2), and (8, 2) are collinear, it suffices to show

that the line passing through points (3, 0) and (2, 2) also passes through point (8, 2).

The equation of the line passing through points (3, 0) and (2, 2) is

14

www.tiwariacademy.com

Mathematics

(www.tiwariacademy.com)

(Class XI)

L.H.S. = 2 8 5 2 = 16 10 = 6 = R.H.S.

Therefore, the line passing through points (3, 0) and (2, 2) also passes through point

(8, 2). Hence, points (3, 0), (2, 2), and (8, 2) are collinear.

15

www.tiwariacademy.com

- Mathematics Notes and Formula for Class 12 Chapter 11. Three Dimensional GeUploaded byHimanshu Kumar
- C1_07-Jan.pdfUploaded byAnderson Alfred
- What is SlopeUploaded bytiagorst
- ch2.pdfUploaded byKaran
- Year 11 Ext 1 Half YearUploaded byNeddimo
- Computed Tomography in Multivariable CalculusUploaded byFer Montesinos
- billion dollar problem ex 4Uploaded byapi-265165045
- kemh1psUploaded bySneha Sinha
- y = mx + c.pdfUploaded bysupermannon
- Matematica en Contexto v - Manual de Referencia 10 09Uploaded byJosé Luis Aybar Romero
- P5 London June 1970Uploaded byIstvan Szabo
- Add Math P2 Second Trial ExamUploaded bysingee87
- Www.meritnation.com Img Shared Board Paper Solutions 2012 CBSE XIIScience 2012 CBSE XIIScience 1 1 SET1 SectionBUploaded byTori Rodriquez
- Graph of Functions IIUploaded byZakry Ismail
- Practice PaperUploaded byMaruf_007
- R3dDLLUploaded byGlenn Merritt
- Class VI- Maths Question Bank - 2017-18 (HY)Uploaded bymahera shams
- FunctionsUploaded bySudhakar Chollangi
- (5) Material Balance as an Equation of Straight LineUploaded bymangerbang_m
- Introduction to linear equationsUploaded byAbel Taddele
- Kelantan Stpm 2010 Maths t p1Uploaded bySeow Hua
- 2012-2013-homework-algUploaded bygregmcginnis
- educ 311 lesson plan- polygonsUploaded byapi-319612437
- chapter 1 solutionsUploaded byapi-209868636
- add mth 1Uploaded byIEyra ShaHera
- -Chap3maths for Bus MathUploaded byMichelle Ouyang
- 3 Robotic Systems KinematicsUploaded byAdam Mahmood
- Mathematican Thinking after class club - GeometryUploaded bye_petraki
- core 4 revision pack.pdfUploaded bycandimaths
- ES11LE1 ReviewerUploaded byRex Angelo Jusayan

- Accenture Question Paper 1Uploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- ds 2 marksUploaded bynofeelingrahul
- EC6016 SyllabusUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Wallace Tree MultiplierUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Chapter 12 ProgramUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- BCom Banking and InsuranceUploaded byUtsav Sinha
- Digital Video is Sequence OfUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- EC6001 Medical ElectronicsUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Rajkumar Biology Unit- 5 by RajatUploaded byShrikant Kumar
- adafruit.pdfUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- 2009 TNPSC Group I Preliminary Question PaperUploaded byKrishna Kumar
- Raspberry Pi IOT 2 Days Agenda_newUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Simplification 2Uploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- RadioCraft Library Tube Amplifier DesignUploaded byKevin Haworth
- cost journals.docxUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Wallace Tree Multiplier AbinishaUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Quant Reckoner Sbi Po 2014Uploaded bysagarbhokare18
- TNPSC Annual Planner 30-01-2015Uploaded byDineshKumar
- EC1991Uploaded byvasece4537577
- ctrl +alphabetsUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- EnforcementTransfer of Bond in PSU'sUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- GE6251.pdfUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- GE6251.pdfUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Matlab ProgrammingUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- importantUploaded byRahul Srivastava
- GATE ECE 1993Uploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- Gate Ece 2011Uploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- 8 point DFT DITUploaded byAnonymous JnvCyu85
- CLERK-PRACTICE-MOCK-ENGLISH.pdfUploaded byManish Kumar

- G.GPE.A.1.EquationsofCircles3a.docUploaded byMaryuri Contreras
- eureka math grade 3 module 7 parent tip sheetUploaded byapi-233732890
- Harder X2 Volumes ProblemsUploaded byyddap
- Crossword Volume 1Uploaded byGertrude Ramsbottom
- PROPERTIES OF THE ADJOIN CIRCLES TO A TRIANGLEUploaded byIlieCraciun
- Secants, Tangents and PropertiesUploaded bySourabh Dhavala
- hardy unit weeblyUploaded byapi-252934162
- Loci (Questions)Uploaded bySimon
- ParabolaUploaded byVishal Purohit
- Maths IYearUploaded bySiswanto Smandapa Oke
- unit 4 extra practice answersUploaded byapi-247437524
- MAINS QPUploaded byudaysrinivas
- AddMaths Countdown Exercise SPM 2016Uploaded bybidarihassan
- Download Math Notes PDF Class 11 Maths Chapter 11 Conic Section Part 2 EllipseUploaded byMohsin Manzoor Bhat
- AMM 2010 N3Uploaded by1110004
- CBSE Boards Class 10 Maths Previous Years Question Papers 2007 2013Uploaded byharman1611
- class-8.pdfUploaded byNISCORT LIBRARY
- Mathematics Sample Paper Term-II (1)Uploaded byAnand Neil Arnold
- Mathematics ModuleUploaded byKianShin Chai
- Std06-III-MSSS-EM-1Uploaded byvino5bora
- lesson for feedback march 21Uploaded byapi-245787881
- PolygonUploaded byKumuthini Maniyam
- H. N. Robinson - Elements of Geometry, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, And Conic Sections (1854)Uploaded bytenebris_obortis
- OMOFall13SolnsUploaded bykid
- Jee 2014 Booklet2 Hwt Straight LineUploaded byvarunkohliin
- Math PowerpointUploaded bysofieestrada
- special education lesson plan - why do we need trig pt 2Uploaded byapi-242122700
- 2ndyear20yrs Chapter WiseUploaded byqalati
- cmc-2007Uploaded byWeerasak Boonwuttiwong
- ch 11 skills practice answersUploaded byapi-300523629